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Vol. XXXIH. 






_ . 


Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. By lion. 

Hampton L. Carson. ........ 1 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. By Charles 

Henry Had. {Illustrated.) 22,147 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758 S6 

Reincke's Journal of a Visit among the Swedes of West Jersey, 

1745. By John W. Jordan 99 

Selections from the Military Correspondence of Colonel Henry 

Bouquet, 1757-1764. By Helen Jordan. . . . 102, 216 

Notes and Queries 118, 249, 361, 496 

Book Notices . 124,256,383,510 

Adam Hubley, Jr., Lt. Colo. Commandant 11th Penna. Regt., 

His Journal, Commencing at Wyoming, July 30th, 1779. By 

John W. Jordan. {Illustrated.) .... 129, 279, 409 
Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 1734-1765. By John W. 

Jordan 228 

Orderly Bock of Gen. John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg. March 

26-December 20, 1777. {Continued.) . . . 257,454 

Letters of William Penn 303,423 

Selections from the Letter-books of Thomas Wharton, of Phila- 
delphia, 1773-1783. {Continued.) .... 319, 432 
William Parsons, Surveyor General, and Founder of Easton, 

Pennsylvania. By John W. Jordan. .... 340 

Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. ..... 347 

Correspondence of General Edward Hand, of the Continental 

Line, 1779-1781. 553 


iv Contents of Volume XXXIII. 


The Gettysburg Address. When Written, How Received, its 

True Form. By Major William II. Lambert. (Illustrate J.) 3 SO 
Record of Servants and Apprentices Round and Assigned before 
Hon. John Gibson, Mayor of Philadelphia, December 5th, 

1772-May 21, 1773. {Continued.) 476 

Pennsylvania Gleanings in England. By Lcthrop WUhmgton . 492 
Offioere of The Historical Society] of Pennsylvania. , . . 513 
Index. . • • 517 





Vol. XXXIII. 1909. . No. 1. 



A Paper read before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 
on November 9, 1908. 


[The purpose of this paper is to give a general view of the settlements 
on the Delaware River and Bay before the arrival of Penn ; considered 
under Dutch rule, first period, extending from 1G09 to 163S ; Swedish 
rule, extending from 1638 to 1655 ; and Dutch rule, second period, ex- 
tending from 1655 to 1664.] 


The earliest European settlers on the shores of the Dela- 
ware were the Dutch, whose actual occupancy lasted over 
fifteen years. Then came the Swedes, who for seventeen 
years maintained their sway, until the territory was recon- 
quered by the Dutch, who held it for nine years more, when, 
vanquished in another part of the world by English arms, 
they relinquished forever their pretensions to American 
soil, and the government passed to the Duke of York, who 
yielded bis supremacy to Penn in 1GS2. Hence a his4 : y 
vol. xxxiii. — 1 (1) 

2 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 

of the institutional establishments of Pennsylvania would 
be incomplete without an introductory account of what had 
been accomplished under Dutch, Swedish, and English rule 
prior to the actual settlement of the province by William 
Penn under the charter of Charles IT. 

The English title, which finally prevailed, has often been 
the subject of specific judicial determination. It sprang 
from original discovery. " We derive our rights in 
America/' said Edmund Burke, " from the discovery of 
Sebastian Cabot, who first made the North American con- 
tinent in 1497. The fact is sufficiently certain to establish 
our right to our settlements in America." " To this dis- 
covery," says Chief Justice Marshall, "the English trace 
their title. 1 The same view is presented by Chief Justice 
Taney : " The English possession in America was not 
claimed by right of conquest, but by right of discovery." 2 
Inaction followed for almost eighty years, and then the 
scientific interest of Sir Humphrey. Gilbert in a Northwest 
passage, the romantic heroism of Sir Walter Raleigh, and 
the daring spirit of Capt. John Smith led to further explor- 
ations and to some feeble attempts at settlement, but the 
English claims came into conflict with those of no other 
nation, until Hudson, an Englishman in the employ of the 
East India Company, in search of a passage to China, act- 
ing on some vague suggestions of the redoubted Smith, 
tacked about for a few hours in the mouth of Delaware 
Bay, on the- 28th of August, 1009, and then, baffled by 
shoals and sand bars, put out to sea, and five days later en- 
tered the Xorth Eiver, ascending it for over one hundred 
miles, and thus laid the foundation of a claim which was 

1 Johnson v. Macintosh, 8 Wheaton, 576. 

J Martin v. Waddell, 16 Peters, 367. The nature of the right of dis- 
covery, and the title, if any, of the aborigines, were discussed in Wor- 
cester v. State of Gcorg-ia. 6 Peters, 574 ; Wadsworth v. Buffalo 
Hydraulic Association, 15 Rubour (N. Y.), S l J ; Town of Southai ; 
v. Mecox Bay Oyster Co., 116 X. Y., 7. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 3 

sustained by subsequent possession at New Amsterdam, 
now the City of New York. 1 

In 1610, the English navigator, Lord De la War, touched 
at Delaware Bay on his passage to Virginia, and the credit 
of its discovery was attributed to him in a letter written by 
Capt. Argall in 1612, -without doubt in ignorance of Hud- 
son's acts. 2 

Hudson had reported his discoveries on his return to Hol- 
land, and the States General had, in 1614, granted a general 
charter, securing the privilege of trade during four voyages 
to all those accepting its provisions. Merchants of Amster- 
dam and Hoorn accordingly fitted out five vessels, winch 
proceeded, under the command of Captains Mey, Block, 
Cortiansen and Hendrickson, to the mouth of the Man- 
hattan River. Here Block's vessel was destroyed by fire, 
and its place was supplied by the Onrust, or Restless — the 
first ship ever built by Europeans on American soil — and 
Mey sailed with his little fleet to the Delaware, giving his 
first name " Cornelius " to a cape (now Henlopen) at the 
mouth of the Bay, and his last name to the opposite cape, 
which, with a slight change in spelling, preserves the mem- 
ory of his exploit. Mey made no further exploration, but 

2 An Historical Inquiry Concerning Henry Hudson and the Discovery 
of Delaware Bay, by John Meredith Read, Jr.; an admirable argument 
based on a careful study of original material. Albany, 1865. 

The Dutch claim has been discussed with much historical learning by 
bar 'and bench, and held to be untenable. Canal v. The People. 5 
Wendell, 445 ; Canal's Appeal v. The People, 17 Wendell, 609. Town 
of Southampton v. Mecox Bay Oyster Co., ut supra ; Mortimer v. New 
York Elevated It. R. Co., 6 N. Y. Supplement, 898; and a learned paper 
entitled, The Dutch in New York, by William H. Arnoux, published 
in 1890. 

2 New York Historical Collections, N. S., vol. i, p. 320. There can 
be no doubt as to Hudson's claim to actual prior discovery. See Hud- 
son's Journal; Juet's Journal; De Laet's New World; N. Y. Hist 
Coll., N.S., vol. i, pp. 85-90; Purchas' Pilgrims, vol. iii, pp. 510- 
567; Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, pp. 2-3; but for the 
deductions, see the New York cases referred to in Notes ut supm. 

4: Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

returned with four vessels, and it was left to Capt. Ilend- 
rickson, a genuine Dutchman, in the Onrust, to ascend the 
Delaware almost to the present site of Philadelphia. On 
this expedition he met three white men who had traversed 
the wilderness from Fort Orange on the upper Hudson, by 
way of the valley of the Delaware. On his return to 
Holland, Ilendricksoii made a claim for special privileges, 
which were never granted. 

In the meantime, however, two exiled Englishmen, the 
renowned Elders Robinson and Brewster, in behalf of their 
Puritan associates at Ley den, applied to the States General 
for protection in the execution of their wish to emigrate to 
the country on the Hudson. Had this been granted, it is 
curious to note that the Pilgrim Fathers would have been 
New Yorkers, or, possibly, might have established them- 
selves on the Delaware. 1 

In December, 1621, the Dutch West India Company was 
incorporated, and in 1623 — three years after the landing of 
the Pilgrims at Plymouth — the first settlement on the shores 
of the Delaware was made by Cornelius Mey — described by 
an Lidian Sachem a3 a " skipper with a film on the eye" — 
who built Fort Nassau, near Gloucester, on the Eastern 
bank, but soon afterwards abandoned it. Seven years later, 
purchases were made of the natives on both sides of the 
river as far up as Bombay nook in behalf of Herr Samuel 
Goodyn, a member of the Amsterdam Association. 2 An 
expedition was sent out from the Texel, on December 12, 

'Broadhead's Address to N. Y. Hist. Soc; Hazard's Annals of 
Pennsylvania, p. 8 ; Bancroft's History of the United States, author's 
last revision, vol. i., p. 204. 

'Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, pp. 5, G, 9, 11, 15, 22; Sergeant's 
Land Law of Pennsylvania, Ch. 1 ; Fisher's The Making of Pennsylva- 
nia, Ch. 1; Lewis's Original Land Titles in Philadelphia, See. _: 
Proud' s History of Pennsylvania, vol. i, p. 109 et scq.; Gordon's History 
of Pennsylvania, pp. 1-30; the Pea Patch Island Case, 1 Wallace, Jr. 'a 
Rep. p. Ix. App; Ferris's Original Settlements on the Delaware; Intro- 
duction to Armor's Lives of the Governors of Pennsylvania. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements cm the Delaware. 5 

1G30, under the command of the celebrated DeVries, " a 
bold and skillful seaman' 1 and a " master of artillery in the 
service of the United Provinces." Just when he arrived in 
the Delaware is not known, but he built Fort Oplandt, a 
house surrounded with red cedar pallisadoes, but without 
parapet, serving at once as fortress, trading post, and place 
of rendezvous, near the present town of Lewes, in the State 
of Delaware, and his little settlement assumed the picturesque 
name of Zwaanendael, or " Valley of the Swans." The 
arms of Holland, painted on a piece of tin, a glittering 
object to savage eyes, were erected on a pillar, and the com- 
mander departed, happy in the thought that he had erected 
a permanent lodgment. On his return, two years later, he 
found his colony exterminated by the Indians. The 
whitened bones of men and animals, in the midst of charred 
ruins, greeted his saddened gaze. A chief had wanted an 
ornament for a pipe, and, in ignorance of the affront, had 
seized on the emblem of Holland. On complaint by the 
settlers, the offender had been slain by his own people, but 
Ins friends had avenged him by a general massacre. 1 

Ascending the river, through a cheerless solitude, DeVries 
visited Fort Nassau, but found that the Dutch families had 
left it, and that it was in the possession of a few savages, 
who wanted to barter furs. 2 Here he was informed by a 
friendly squaw of the murder of an English crew which had 
appeared in a sloop's boat, probably from Virginia, and, in 
confirmation of the story, he saw Indians dressed in English 
jackets. DeVries returned to Holland by way of Virginia, 
where he had occasion to deny the ownership of Delaware 
Bay by the English, and to relate the story of the murder 
of the English crew. 3 

The next year Wouter Van Twiller, the famous Knicker- 
bocker Director General of the New Netherlands, restored 

1 DeVries in N. Y. Hist. Soc. Coll., N. S., vol. i, p. 252. 
'DeVries in N. Y. Hist. Soe. Coll., N. S., vol. i, p. 252. 
* Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, pp. 32-83. 

G Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

Fort Nassau to a condition of defence, and was charged on 
this account with extravagance in the expenditure of public 

In 1G33, the Dutch made another attempt at a settlement, 
and a purchase was made by Arondt Corssen on the banks 
of the Schuylkill, where, in the same year, Fort Beversrede 
was erected, soon to be abandoned. On which Mr. Arm- 
strong remarks : " the readiness which the natives mani- 
fested to part with their territory was equalled only by their 
willingness to sell it again to any who might choose to 
purchase it." 

In 1635, a party of English adventurers from Connecticut, 
under the command of George Holmes, made an unsuc- 
cessful attempt upon the fort, were taken prisoners, and 
were sent to Manhattan, where they were pardoned, and 
allowed to settle in the vicinity of Fort Amsterdam — they 
being the first English to acquire a habitation in the New 
Netherlands. 2 

Fort Nassau remained, with more or less of a garrison 
until the Dutch themselves destroyed it in 1650, as iC being 
too high up and too much out of the way." 3 

Such were the principal events during the first period of 
Dutch rule. The attempts to plant colonies proved to be 
failures, for while Fort Nassau seems to have been irreg- 
ularly maintained, it was rather as a fortified trading place. 
than as the nucleus of a colony. The ill-fated effort of 
DeVries under the Goodyn purchase had teen made 'under 
the auspices of an assembly of eleven Delegates, to whom 
was entrusted, by virtue of the charter, the supervision and 
government pf the West Indian Company. 4 Freedom and 
exemption were offered to all such as should establish any 

1 Introduction to Record of Upland Court, by Edward Armstrong, 
Memoirs of Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol. vii., p. 15. 
1 Armor's Lives of the Governor? of Pennsylvania, p. 28. 

'Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, p. 13. 
4 0'Callaghan's Hist, of New Netherlands i, 00. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 7 

colonies. Those who were disposed to avail themselves of 
these privileges were, under certain restrictions, obliged to 
(i plant a colony of fifty souls," and might occupy a territory 
of four Dutch miles l along a navigable river, and " as far 
into the country as their situation might permit, 5 ' and re- 
ceived, among other feudal rights, the power of administer- 
ing justice. 5 In fact, among the leading features of the 
chartered privileges of the West India Company were the 
administration of Justice, the preservation of order, the 
maintenance of police, and the appointment of judicial and 
executive officers. There was also an express provision 
that the Roman law, the imperial statutes of Charles V, 
and the edicts, resolutions, and customs of the Fatherland 
were to be received as the paramount rule of action in Xew 
Netherlands, except in cases specially provided for by the 
will of the Company, expressed in their instructions, or de- 
clared in their military or marine ordinances. 3 

The execution of these ambitious grants of power was 
brought to naught by the melancholy extinction of GfQea 
Hossett and his companions, in the blackened and blood- 
stained Valley of the Swans. 


In 1638, the Swedes appeared. Their coming was with- 
out a shadow of right under the law of nations. It has 
been asserted that Charles I had, by deed, relinquished to 
Sweden the' English rights upon the Delaware, 4 but the 
deed has never been found, and no English statesman or 
historian has ever admitted its existence. The true expla- 
nation lies in the conduct of two dissatisfied servants of the 

1 A Dutch mile vras equal to four English miles. 

2 Introduction to the Record of Upland Court, by Edward Armstrong, 
Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol. vii., p. 12. 

3 0'Callaghan, i, 90. 

* A Short Description of the Province of New Sweden, by Ti. 
Campanius Holm, Memoirs of Hist. Soc. of Pa., vol. iii, p. 08. 

8 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

In 1626, William Usselincx, a merchant of Antwerp, a 
truly remarkable man, and the original projector of the 
Dutch "West India Company, 1 growing sour and sullen, 
threw up his employment, and for the price of one florin 
per thousand of merchandise to be exported or imported, 
persuaded Gustavus Adolphus of the advantages of organiz- 
ing a Swedish West India Company. The ambition of the 
conqueror of Tilly, who was the first of the Swedish, mon- 
archs to play a great role in European history, was aroused 
by the thought of trading with lands in Africa, America, 
Masrellanica or Terra Australis, and of extending the com- 
merce of his realm, while his zeal as a Protestant was fired 
by the thought of spreading the truths of the Christian 
religion. In fact, the plan of colonization was spoken of by 
him as " the jewel of his kingdom." A charter was granted 
with most elaborate provisions, and vague and extraordinary 
powers. The company was to constitute a Council, which, 
with its officers, should attend to the administration ot 
justice, preserve good laws, continue war, appoint soldiers, 
governors, directors, and judges, build castles and cities, 
accommodate differences between citizens of the country 
and the natives, as well as between directors or chambers, 
and, finally, preserve everything in good condition. 5 

In the same year, the Dutch West India Company, as a 
protective measure, determined to establish its authority in 
New Xetherlands by a formal government with greatly 
enlarged powers. They appointed a Director, assisted by a 
Council of Five, and a Schout, who combined the duties 01 
Sheriff and Prosecuting Attorney ; there were also inferior 
magistrates called Schepens. Peter Minuit was chosen 

1 An interesting account of this extraordinary organizer is given in G. 
M. Asher's Bibliographical and Historical Essay on the Dutch B 
and Pamphlets Relating to New Netherlands, X. Y., 1S56. 

5 The full text of the Swedish charter is given on pp. 16-20 of 
Hazard's Annals of Penna., obtained from a rare source, the Argon&u- 
tica Gustaviana, published by Usselincx in 1CG3, of which the only 
copy supposed to be in this country is in the library of Harvard College. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 9 

Director and held the office until 1633, when he quarrelled 
bitterly with the powerful Patroons, and was superseded by 
Van Twiller, a near relative to the influential Van RetLSsel- 
aers. Embittered by his removal, he tendered his services 
to Sweden, whose Chancellor, Oxenstiern, a man of pro- 
found combinations, and quite the equal of Richelieu in 
statecraft, was anxious to carry out the cherished plan of the 
great Gustavus, who had fallen on the field of Liitzen. 
Accordingly, after some delays, owing to the unsettled state 
of the finances following the death of the king, Peter Minuit, 
with a commission in the name of the infant Queen Chris- 
tina, brought out an expedition in two vessels, ascended the 
Delaware, purchased the soil of the western shore from Cape 
Henlopen to a point north of the site of the future Philadel- 
phia, and erected a fort on a small stream in the neighbor- 
hood of the present city of ^Wilmington, which he named 

Kieft, the successor of Van Twiller, as Director of Xew 
Amsterdam, protested vigorously against this invasion of 
Dutch territory. " This has been our property," said he, 
" for many years, occupied with forts, and sealed with our 
blood," and then, with a fine personal thrust at Minuit, 
added, " which was also done when thou wast in the service 
of New JSTetherland, and is, therefore, well known to thee." 
The protest was disregarded. Minuit, who had brought 
with him about fifty Swedes, displayed skill and enterprise, 
succeeding in avoiding encounters with the natives and the 
Dutch, building up an extensive trade in furs, and govern- 
ing his little colon}" with vigor, but he died within three 
years in the bosom of his settlement. 1 

His successor was Peter Hollander, a Swede, commissioned 
as Governor of New Sweden bv the home srovernment. lie 

1 Hazard's Annals of Pennsylvania, pp. 15, 18, 20, 42 ; Armor's 
Lives of the Governors of Pennsylvania, pp. 22, 19, 30 ; Fisher's Mak- 
ing of Pennsylvania, pp. 10-17 ; Sergeant's Land Law of Pennsylvania, 
p. IS ; Ferris's Original Settlements on the Delaware, Ch. iii. 

10 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delawa 


had arrived in 1640 with a ship richly laden with cattle and 
provisions, at a moment so opportune as to save the colony 
from the humiliation of self-confessed failure. About this 
time two bold attempts were made by Englishmen, acting 
without visible governmental authority, to plant themselves 
upon the Delaware. One party, under the command of 
Robert Cogswell, from Connecticut, established itself at the 
mouth of Salem Creek on the eastern shore. Another 
party from Virginia sailed past Fort Christina and Fort 
Nassau, and started a settlement on the River Schuylkill. 
They were driven off and their works destroyed by an 
expedition fitted out from Xew Amsterdam, the Swedes at 
Christina acting as allies of the Dutch. 1 The Dutch had 
been told by their Director General that "it was their duty 
to drive these English from thence." 

In 1643 a new r Swedish Governor arrived in the person 
of John Printz, whose commission was dated at Stockholm. 
The most minute instructions w r ere given for his guidance. 
He was to maintain friendly relations with the Indians ; to 
hold their trade ; to sow grain for the support of his colon- 
ists ; to plant tobacco ; to breed cattle and sheep of high 
grade; to raise silk worms; to cultivate grapes; to manu- 
facture salt; to search for metals; and to promote the 
whale fisheries. He brought with him a strong body oi 
settlers, about one hundred in number. Perceiving with 
the eye of a military man the weakness of Fort Christina 
for commanding the navigation of the river, he erected a 
new T fort of great strength on Tenna Kong or Tinieum 
Island, and called it Xew Gottenburg, which became " the 
metropolis of the Swedish American Empire," as it was 
pleasantly denominated by the learned Mr. Duponceau. 
Here he built a " Stately Palace" of bricks brought from 
Stockholm, known as Printz Hall, and with a singular ad- 
mixture of executive, legislative and judicial powers dis- 

1 Hazard's Annals, p. 61 ; Armor's Lives of the Governors, \\ 32; 
Acrelius's History of New Sweden. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 11 

charged all the functions of government. He was an irasci- 
ble, bluff, but enterprising soldier-governor, and planted 
another fort, called Elsingborg, manning eight brags 
pounders, near the mouth of Salem Creek, compelling all 
ships ascending the river to lower their colors and secure a 
permit before they could pass. He even brought DeVries, 
the Dutch " master of artillery," to anchor by a cannon 
shot. 1 

Numerous remonstrances and protests passed between the 
doughty Printz and the Dutch at Fort Xassau, and for a 
time a wordy war was waged. DeVries described him as 
" Captain Printz, who weighs 400 pounds, and drinks three 
horns at every meal.' 5 Judge Grubb adds, "little is known 
of him in his judicial capacity, but it is probable that he 
brought more weight than law to the bench." s Mr. Fisher 
describes him as a man of education and ability. 3 Mr. 
Armor says that he was furious and passionate, difficult of 
access, and sending home messengers, who brought him 
intelligence, "bloody and bruised." 4 Mr. Ferris declares 
that he was bold, active, persevering, but passionate and rash. 5 
Acrelius admits that he acted haughtily. 6 Mr. Armstrong- 
argues that he acted with energy and ability, and that the 
charge of undue violence was made by the rivals of his 
government. 7 

The English charged him with putting one of their 
men in irons, plying him with strong drink and then press- 
ing him to admit that they had hired the Indians -to cut 

1 Hazard's Annals, p. 72. 

s The Colonial and State Judiciary of Delaware, by Hon. Ignatius C. 
Grubb; Papers of the Historical Soc. of Delaware, xvii. 
3 The Making of Pennsylvania, p. 19. 
* Armor's Lives of the Governors, p. 36. 
5 Ferris's Original Settlements on the Delaware, p. 99. 

6 Acrelius's History of New Sweden, p. 418. 

7 Introduction to the Record of Upland Court, by Edward Armstrong. 
Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol. vii. p. 17. Sw 
also Armstrong's Address at Chester, Nov. S, 1851. p. 9. 

32 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

off the Swedes. Whatever his character, the Swedes throve 
under his rule. Besides the places already named, they 
had settlements at Swedesboro, Upland (now Chester), 
Manaiung, a handsome little fort of hickory logs at the 
mouth of the Schuylkill, Wiccacoa (late Passyunk), Shacka- 
maxon (late Kensington), and elsewhere. Three Swedes, 
the sons of Sven, subsequently owned the tract included in 
the ancient limits of Philadelphia which they exchanged 
with Penn for a tract in the Liberties, near the City, con- 
taining 820 acres. 1 

The Dutch grew restive under these aggressions. Peter 
Stuyvesant, the recently installed Director of Xew Amster- 
dam, who stumped about on a silver leg, determined to 
separate the Swedish forts. He boldly destroyed Fort 
Nassau, and blockaded the river by the erection of a new 
fort on the site of the present town of Newcastle, which he 
called Fort Casimir. 2 Fort Elsingborg thereupon became 
untenable, and the Swedes withdrew, excusing their action 
by the not incredible plea that the place had been made 
uninhabitable by the repeated and sanguinary attacks of 
mosquitoes. Printz's spirit, and that of his son-in-law, 
Pappegoya, suddenly failed, but their places were taken by 
the defiant John Claude Eysingh, who, disregarding his in- 
structions to employ none but the mildest measures against 
the Dutch, entered Fort Casimir, some say by storm, 5 some 
say with the aid of the strategy of Lieutenant Swen Schute, 4 
and others say that he forcibly took possession and rifled 
the garrison even to their side arms. 5 

Affairs had now reached a crisis. The Dutch blood 
could not brook this atrocious outrage. Holland, for years 

Sergeant's Land Law of Penna., 18. 

'Acrelius's History of New Sweden, 412; Ferris's Original Settle* 
meiits on the Delaware, G9. 

3 Rodman's Memoirs of Wiccacoa. 
4 Proud's History of Penna. vol. i, p. 19. 
5 Hazard's Annals, 149; Ferris, pp. 81-82. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 13 

at war with England, and a recent victor over the great 
navy of Spain, now turned to aid her straggling offspring 
in America. Swedish military glory had grown dim : 
the great Oxenstiern was dead; Christina had dropped 
her heavy sceptre into the feeble hands of Charles Gusta- 
vus, and dark clouds gathered over the Delaware. While 
Rysingh employed the engineer Lindstrom to strengthen 
the captured Fort Casimir, Stuyvesant retaliated by seizing 
a Swedish ship — the Golden Shark — loaded with merchandise 
and reinforcements, which by some accident had got into 
the Raritan river instead of the Delaware. For a year the 
Dutch military preparations were conducted with secrecy. 
In the meantime Eysingh, who had himself proclaimed 
Director General over "New Sweden, summoned the Indians 
to a treaty of friendship at Printz Hall upon Tinicum. 

Upon the 31st of August, 1655, the storm burst. Stuy- 
vesant, with a squadron of seven armed ships and trans- 
ports, containing between six and seven hundred men, ap- 
peared before Fort Casimir, and Swen Schute, the Swedish 
commander, realizing the hopelessness of a defence against 
such an armament, surrendered without a blow. Stuyvesant 
then turned to Fort Christina, and conducted a regular 
siege. Batteries were erected on every side except on the 
southeast, which was guarded by a low morass which, at 
high tide, lay five feet under water. Armed ships were 
anchored near the mouth of the Brandywine, and Eysingh 
was summoned 'to surrender. 1 For some time there was an 
interchange of messages. Then Rysingh, to scale his guns, 
fired a couple of cannon. The Dutch replied by discharg- 
ing a number of balls directly over the fort, and by several 
volleys from their batteries. The Swedes called a council 
of war. Their weakness was manifest. With but thirty 
men against seven hundred, with but a scanty stock of pro- 

1 An interesting plan of the fort, and of its siege by the Dutch in 
1G55, copied from Lindstrom's plan, is given in Ferries Original Settle- 
ments on the Delaware, p. 92. 

14 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

visions, and but little ammunition, they faced despair. 
Rysingh resorted to diplomacy. Stuyvesant met him with 
clogged stubbornness. Then, without attempting the vio- 
lence of arms, he killed all the cattle, goats, swine, and 
poultry in the fields, broke open the houses outside of the 
fort, and destroyed the town. For sixteen days Rysinsch 
held out; helpless and half starved he uttered his last 
defiance, declaring that he would defend the fort to the last 
extremity, and in the event of capture would appeal to the 
government of Sweden to avenge his wrongs. Stuyvesant, 
who throughout had borne himself with moderation, fair- 
ness, dignity, and patience, brought all his batteries to bear 
upon the fort, and sternl}' summoned Rysingh to surrender 
within twenty-four hours, or sutler the consequences of a 
capture by force of arms. A council of the whole garrison 
was called, and it was unanimously concluded that defence 
was hopeless, and that the fort should be yielded up on the 
best terms obtainable. The articles of capitulation were 
honorable to both victors and vanquished. The Swedes 
were permitted to retain all the cannon, ammunition, pro- 
visions, stock, and articles within the fort. The Governor, 
his officers and men, marched out with all their arms, to 
the sound of music, and beneath their own colors, under a 
safe conduct to Sweden. All letters and documents, 
whether public or private, were retained. Xo one was de- 
prived of property, and all citizens were allowed a year and 
six weeks within which to depart, unless before that time 
they swore allegiance to the Dutch government. 

Thus fell Xew Sweden. The victory of the Dutch, while 
complete, was unstained by blood, although Rysingh bitterly 
complained to his king that he and his companions had 
been "left as sheep doomed to the knife, to receive the wild 
barbarians.''' Even the mild Acrelius asserts that the 
Swedes suffered great hardships from the Dutch ; that the 
flower of their troops were picked out and sent to Xew 
Amsterdam; that men were forcibly carried aboard the 
ships; that women were ill treated in their houses; that 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 15 

their goods were pillaged, and that their cattle were killed. 1 
This judgment appears harsh and overstated. There was 
much crimination and recrimination in the correspondence 
between Stuyvesant and Rysingh, and much in the way of 
rejoinder and sur-rejoinder, but the Dutchman stood firrnly 
on the position that his countrymen had discovered and first 
occupied the land into which the Swedes had intruded, and 
that both Printz and Bysingh had been guilty of unpro- 
voked acts of violence. 2 

It is undeniable that it was Bysingh's act in seizing Fort 
Casimir that cost the Swedish throne its American colonies, 
and it was in terms of lamentation that the historian ad- 
dressed Louisa Ulrica: "Most Gracious Queen! That land 
upon the river De la TVare which Queen Christina 
purchased of the wild heathen according to the laws and 
rights of nations : that land whereon her soldiers built forts 
and erected the arms of the Swedish crown ; that land 
which its first colonists brought forth from its solitude — 
that land was ours." 

Few traces exist of Swedish judicial establishments, but 
though slight, they are interesting. The ponderous Printz 
was the first judge upon our shores, and Tinicum Island 
was the first seat of justice. By the Swedish instructions 
the administration of law was to be in the name of Her 
Royal Majesty and the Crown of Sweden. At first the 
Governor might use his own seal, but in somewhat larger 
form, in briefs, contracts, correspondence and other written 
documents of a public character; he was to decide all con- 
troversies which might arise according to Swedish law and 
right; and in all matters, as far as possible, he was to adopt 

^crelius's History of New Sweden, p. 417. 

3 See the Correspondence, Hazard's Annals of Penna., pp. 183-203. 
The Directors in Holland objected to all this correspondence: "That all 
which is written and copied is too lone: preserved, and may sometimes, 
when it is neither desired nor expected, be brought forward; whereas 
words not recorded, are by length of time forgotten, or may be explained, 
construed, or excused as circumstances may require." 

16 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

and employ M the laudable customs, habits and usages of this 
most praiseworthy realm. " ' This, though but a glimpse, is 
sufficient to show that no special code was prepared for the 
government of the colony. Although Swedish writers have 
asserted that trial by jury is of Swedish origin, yet no 
instance is known of its application in the colony, unless it 
is to be inferred from the fact that Printz was empowered 
to punish offenders with imprisonment and even with loss 
of life, "yet not in any other than the usual manner, and 
after the proper hearing, and consideration of the case, with 
the most respectable people and the most prudent associate 
judges who can be found in this country as his associates." 2 
Evidently he found difficulty in discharging his duties, and 
in finding competent assessors, for as a military man he was 
not learned in the law, and as the protector of the interests 
of the West India Company he was embarrassed by acting 
in a double capacity. On the 20th of February, 1647, he 
writes : " Again, I have several times solicited to obtain a 
learned and able man, 1st. To administer justice and attend 
to the law business ; sometimes very intricate cases occur- 
ring, in which it is difficult, and never ought to be for one 
and the same person to appear in Court as plaintiff as well 
as judge. 2nd. To act as Secretary, especially in the Latin 
language, for it many times has happened, as is proved by 
the annexed paper, that I have received Latin letters from 
all parts." 3 

The fiery Eysingh attempted some matters of domestic 
regulation by drawing an ordinance " concerning the 
People, Country, Agriculture and Cattle " proclaimed in 
New Sweden in the year 1654. 4 

Mr. Armstrong considers it not improbable that a Swed- 
ish court was established at Upland, and we shall very 

'Acrelius, Reynolds 1 Translation, p. 39; Hazard's Register, vol. iv, 
221, sect, xxiv; Introduction to Record of Upland Court, p. 17. 
» Id. 
'Swedish MSS., Archives Hist Soc. Penna. * K. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delavsare. 17 

shortly see that all of the Justices of the earliest English 
tribunal on the soil of Pennsylvania were Swedes. 1 

DUTCH rule: second period. 

Upon the conquest by the Dutch, affairs assumed a more 
stable condition. An oatli of allegiance to the United 
Netherlands was prescribed to be taken by the Swedish 
settlers — most of whom, between four and five hundred in 
number, preferred to remain. With but few exceptions, 
they proved tractable, devoting themselves to the peaceful 
arts of husbandry. The administration of justice was 
placed on a new basis. Xew Gottenburg, on Tinicum, now 
ceased to be the seat of government, which was removed, 
as a piece of poetic justice, to Casimir, the name being 
changed to New Amstel. John Paul Jacquet was appointed 
by the Director and Council at New Amsterdam, Vice 
Director and Commander upon the Zuydt, or South River, 1 
under a commission " to do justice and administer it, either 
in civil or military cases." 3 In him, and two other persons 
as a Council, to be increased, in the adjudication of affairs 
"purely civil between freemen and Company's servants,'' 
by the addition of " two most expert freemen," was vested 
jurisdiction in " all propositions relative to justice," — 
extending, as it ha3 been understood, to the establishment 
of a method of procedure suited to the wants of the colony: 
the decision in the Council to be by the majority, and the 
casting vote to be by the Vice Director. 

Jacquet soon got into trouble with his accounts, and wns 
arrested by the Attorney General. On demanding a copy 

1 Record of Upland Court, Memoirs of Hist. Soc. of Pa., vol. vii, 
p. 35. The destruction of the Swedish archives, at Stockholm, by fire, 
and our own imperfect records, render it improbable that a stronger 
light can be thrown on this dark passage in our history. 

'The Delaware River was called the South River in contrast to the 
North or Hudson River. 

s Hazard's Annals, 205. 

IS Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

of the petition under which the arrest was made, and a 
statement of the authority by which he was proceeded 
against, the Attorney General answered : " a* plaintiffs ration* 

officii" an early instance of proceedings ex officio. On his 
appearance in Court, he presented a written answer, which 
was rejected by the Attorney General, who said he must 
answer " ilicc on the accusations, or return to his arrest." ■ 
lie defended himself with spirit, but was relieved of his 

In 1657, with a view of reducing expenses, occasioned by 
the cost of acquiring the river, the West India Company 
transferred New Amstel, with the territory as far North as 
Christina Creek, and South as far as Bombay Hook, to the 
Burgomasters of the City of Amsterdam, who appointed 
Jacob Alricks Director General. A mode was provided 
for the government of New Amstel by the selection of a 
Schout, or Sheriff, and Prosecuting Attorney, a Chief Judge 
and Schepens. 2 The latter had the power to decide suits 
under 100 guilders (§60.00); but if over that amount, sub- 
ject to an appeal to the Council at New Amsterdam ; and 
to pronounce sentence in criminal cases, also subject to 

Before the arrival of Alricks the government consisted 
of a military council over the soldiers, while differences be- 
tween the settlers were decided by the commander and two 
persons acting as schepens. After his arrival several city 
councillors were elected, and from them three new schepens 
were chosen; another secretary and schout were also ap- 
pointed, and two elders and two deacons for the manage- 
ment of church affairs. 3 

All necessary means were furnished for the legal guidance 
of Vice Director Alricks, as appears from a letter written by 

1 Albany Records, vol. xv, p. 220. 
• Hazard's Annals, 221. 

•Holland Doc, quoted in note by O'Callaghan, Hist, of New Nether- 
lands, vol. ii, p. 337. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 19 

him to liis superiors : — " I have received the police and law 
hooks which were sent out, consisting of two parts, and 
duplicates of each; they will be of great convenience to us, 
nnd we shall make use of them." l 

The West India Company, notwithstanding the transfer 
of Xew Amstel, retained jurisdiction over the territory not 
ceded. ITence there was a divided jurisdiction, and it has 
been conjectured, on somewhat uncertain evidence, that 
wherever the Swedes had courts or magistrates, they were 
continued by the Dutch. 2 

Some entertaining glimpses are obtainable of the charac- 
ter of the cases arising. Prices were fixed on deer and 
beaver skins, and a written pledge was exacted for their 
maintenance, under penalty of perjury for the first offence, 
suspension from the privileges of trade for the second, and, 
if the culprit proved obdurate, expulsion from the colony. 
Duties were imposed on French wine, brandy, distilled 
waters and Holland or foreign beer; guards were posted 
against smuggling, and it was enjoined that no liquor should 
be eold to an Indian. Frequent controversies arose as to 
duties, and breaches of the latter regulation called for the 
action of the schepens. A Swede and a Finn were arrested 
for selling beer to a savage, but being lately arrived, wore 
discharged because of their ignorance of law. Lots were 
to be enclosed and goats were to be attended by a keeper. 
Damages for trespass were awarded, and damages refused 
for injuries to strays. ' .Swine were -to be yoked or killed. 
A servant charged one Thomas Broen with an assault and 
battery which disabled him from labor, and the assailant 
was ordered to supply the servant with victuals until he 
could work. The same Broen, who seems to have been a 
turbulent character, was soon after arrested for abuse of the 
Vice Director. Swen Schute and Jacob Swenske were sent 
to Jfew Amsterdam, under a guard of twelve soldiers, for 

1 Documents relating to Colonial Hist, of N. Y., vol. ii, \\ 54. 

: Armstrong's Introduction to the Kecord of Upland Court, pp. 50-31. 

20 Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 

holding secret interviews with the savages; while a Swedish 
woman, who had debauched sailors, was given the option 
of going to Long Island or to the woods on the river. 
Licenses of marriage were recorded. 1 In 1GG1 a Swedish 
clergyman, the Rev. Laurentius Lockinius, or Pastor Lock, 
as he was also called, his wife having eloped with a low 
character, broke open her abductor's trunk in search of evi- 
dence against her paramour. It was solemnly adjudged, as 
his punishment, that for his offence he pay all the debts of 
the absconding wife-stealer. The doubly violent presump- 
tion that he both found assets and feloniously appropriated 
them may be explained, as Judge Grubb remarks, by the 
fact that the absconding debtor owed the court,- The 
same Pastor Lock married another woman within nine 
months without securing a divorce. He was rebuked by 
Stuyvesant at New Amsterdam and obliged to intermit his 
ministry for some months. Then the governor granted a 
divorce, confirmed the second marriage, and restored his 
gown. 3 

In 1658, Vice Director Alricks wrote to Stuyvesant : 
"I have also to pay the attorne} T Schelluyn, for salary 
earned by him in the suit against the skipper of the ship 
Printz Mawritz" It came about in this wise. Shortly after 
the Dutch conquest, and in ignorance of the change of gov- 
ernment, the ship named arrived from Sweden with one 
•hundred and thirty souls — farmers, traders, and mechanics, 
with their wives and children. They were not permitted to 
land, and, pending the settlement of their status at New 
Amsterdam, suffered many privations. A pitiable state- 
ment of their plight was made by the Captain, who resisted 
the effort to collect charges accruing during his detention, 
and duties on goods damaged by the delay, and this was 

1 Hazard's Annals, 207, 221, 249. 

*Thc Colonial and State Judiciary of Delaware, by Hon. Ignatius 
C. Grubb ; Papers of the Hist. Soc. of Delaware, xvii, p. 10. 
'Acrelius's Hist, of New Sweden, p. 101. 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware. 21 

the subject of the suit. 1 It seems to have been finally com- 
promised by the payment of 750 guilders. 

Such are the scattered instances of the administration of 
justice during the second period of Dutch rule, but they 
serve to give us a vivid though incomplete picture of the 

I reserve for future consideration the establishment of 
English rule in 1664 — extending to 1673 — when, with a 
slight Dutch resumption of jurisdiction for a single year, 
English supremacy became permanently established, under 
the sway of a code known as the Duke of York's laws, 
which finally gave way to those of Penn in 1682. 

1 Hazard's Annals, pp. 213-217, 

22 Thomas Sulh/s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


Arranged and Edited with an Introduction and Notes. 


(Continued from vol. xxxii, page 432.) 


445. Dodson Sex. Mr., "for his 

son. A copy. 7 ' 24x20 1S62 

446. Donaldson Mrs., "of Balti- 

more." Bust 1S16 

Sully painted Mrs. James Laury Donaldson, which is owned 
by Mrs. Robert M. Gushing. 

447. Donnelly Mrs., "for her 

father Mr Slevin." Head 1856 

448. Donnelly Mrs., " copied from 

my first." Head 1S56 

449. Dorsen Mr. & Son. "Copy 

begun by Tom." Half length 1S39 

450. Dorsey Dr., "hands intro- 

duced." Bust 1812 

Doctor John Syng Dorsey (1783-1819) after Sully was 
engraved by Goodman and Piggott for the Portfolio, 1819. 
He received the degree of doctor of medicine from the 
University of Pennsylvania at the early age of IS, the 
trustees by special action having in his case dispensed with 
the requirement that graduates in medicine should be 

451. Dorsey Mrs. Dr., "with 

hands." Bust 1812 

450 and 451 owned by Mrs. Elizabeth Gardner DuPont, of 
Wilmington, Del. 

452. Dorsey Mrs., "of Baltimore." Bust 1S0S 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 23 


453. Doug ax Joseph. Kit-kat 1810 

Joseph Dugan was a merchant of Philadelphia and President 
of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1842-ls40. 

454! Dougan Miss. Kit-kat 1810 

455. Dougan Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Gilliarns." Head 1SG4 

456. Douglass Miss, "deceased 

for Mrs Cruger N. Y." Head 183G 

457. Douglass Miss M., "after 

death two specimens." Bust 1844 

458. Douglass Saml. "Uncle of 

Mrs. C both from 

Miss." Bust 1843 

" Mrs. C.," Mrs. Crugar. Vide 1211. 

459. Downing Mart, "of Down- 

ingvilie." Head 1S37 

This portrait wa3 finished October 3, 1837, and was the last 
portrait painted by Sully before he left on his visit to England. 

400. Downing Mrs., "formerly 

Eiizh Bartleson." Kit-kat 1S25 

Mrs. John W. Downing (1800-1826), owned by great-grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Henry Whelen, Jr., Philadelphia. 

461. Drayton Mr., "of Georgia for 

Col. D. his father." Kit-kat 1S43 

462. Drayton Mr. Junr., "of 

United States Navy." Bust 1835 

463. Drayton Percival, "for Mrs 

Gadsden." Bust 1827 

Percival Drayton (1812-1S05) of South Carolina entered 
the U. S. N. at fifteen and was commander of Fanv 
flag ship in the battle of Mobile Bay, Aug. 5, 1S64. Owned by 
W. Heyward Drayton, Philadelphia. 

24 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


464. Drayton Capt. Percival, 

"for R. Rush Esq." Head 1857 

465. Drew Mrs. John, "of the 

Theatre, Arch St.". Bust 1864 

Louisa Lane (1S20-1S97) married first Henry Hunt, 2nd 
George Mossop, and 3rd John Drew. As Mrs. John Drew, 
she became a finished comedy actress, her Mrs. Malaprop 
being without a rival. Owned by her son John Drew, 
New York. 

466. Drinker Miss, " assumed 

name Edith Phoebe May. " 24 x 20 1850 

Anna Drinker (1S27- ) under her nomme de plume 
published many poems. 

467. Duane Mrs. Deborah. "For 

her daughter." Bust 1841 

Granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin and wife of 468. 

46S. Duane William, "for his 

daughter Ellen." Bust 1841 

William John Duane (1780-1865) was Secretary of the 
Treasury under Jackson until removed for refusing to order 
the removal of the deposits from the U. S. Bank. 

469. Duffield Miss. 12x10 1805 

470. Dugan Cumberland. Kit-kat 1821 

471. Dugan Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Gilliams." Head " 1S64 

472. Dumount Mr. Bust 1807 

473. Dunant Miss Rebecca. Kit-kat 1812 

474. Duncan Mr., "copy from 

another picture." Bust 1827 

475. Dunglison Dr. "For the 

M. F. S. of Prest." 30x25 1S6S 

Bobley Dunglison (179S-1S69) was an eminent physician, 
teacher, and writer, and President of the Musical Fund 
Society of Philadelphia. 











Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 25 


476. Duxlap Sexr. Mrs. 

477. Duxlop Anne, "for her Par- 


478. Duxsmure I. "Merchant." 

479. Duxsmure I., "of Richmond. " Bust 

480. Dupoxceau Mr., "for Philo- 

sophical Hall." Bust 1830 

Peter Stephen Duponceau (1760-1814) was a Frenchman 
who came to this country at the age of 17, as Secretary 
and aide to Baron Steuben. He became a lawyer, and 
student of Indian languages, and was for many years Presi- 
dent of the American Philosophical Society, to which body 
this portrait belongs. It has been engraved by John Sartain. 

4S1. Dupoxt Mr., "for Mrs. R. 

Smith. Expunged." Bust 1827 

482. Dupoxt Mr., "of Brandy- 
wine. Charles." Bust 1S31 

4S3. Dupoxt Mrs., "Miss Vandyke. 

Painted at Phila." Bust 1831 

Charles Irenee Dupont (1797-1S69), 4S2, married Dorcas 

Montgomery Van Dyke (1S06-1S3S), 483, of New Castle, 

Del., in October, 1824, in the presence of La Fayette. Owned 

by Miss Mary V. D. Dupont, Wilmington, Del. Repro- 
duced in Wharton's Salons Colonial and Republican. 

484. Duval Mr. "Copied in part 

from Remt. Peale. For L. 

Duval his son." Bust 1822 

485. Duval Sen. Mrs., "for her 

son." Bust 1822 

486. Dwight Mr., "as a specimen." Bust 1S07 

487. Dwyer Mr. "Comedian." Bust 1810 

26 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


488. Earley (Earely) Mr. "Mer- 

chant Market & Water St." 30x25 1S62 

489. Earley Mrs. 30x25 1863 

490. Earp Miss, "for her Mother." 30x25 1859 

491. Eastman Miss, "of her late 

sister from a Daug." 24x20 18G9 

492. Edds Mrs., "Mrs. Carson's 

mother." Bust 1852 

493. Ege Mr., "child of." 24x20 1870 

494. Elfrith Mrs., " and her daugh- 

ter." 24x20 1836 

495. Elliott Miss, "of Beaufort 

S. Carolina." Kit-kat 1821 

496. Elliott Miss Ann, " of Beau- 

fort S. C." Kit-kat 1839 

497. Elliott Miss Mary, "daugh- 

ters of Wm. Elliott," Kit-kat 1839 

Owned by Miss M. E. Pinckney, Blowing Rock, X. C. 

498. Elliott Mr., "of Beaufort 

S. C." Kit-kat 1S23 

499. Ellis Mr. T. H. "Painted in 

Richmond Virginia." Head 1850 

500. Ellis Mrs. T. H. "Painted 

in Richmond Va." Head 1850 

Vide 309 and 1667. 

501. Ellis Mrs., "for her husband 

John W. of Salisbury." Bust 1S46 

502. Ellis Powhatan, "of Rich- 

mond Va. (Misse)." Bust 1S40 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 27 


503. Ellison Mrs. Bust 1860 

504. Ellison Mrs., "in lieu of the 

first." Head 1861 

505. Elwin Alfred, ''for Dr. 

Elwin." Bust 1S37 

This is of Rev. Alfred Langdon Ehvyn, when a child, and 
although Sully has entered "For Dr. Elwin," that is, his 
father, it became the property of Edward L. Carey, who 
had it exquisitely engraved, by John Cheney, for The Gift, 
for 1840, under the title of "Childhood," and it went to the 
Penna. Academy of the Fine Arts as a part of the Carey 
Collection. Some years since, when the writer was Chair- 
man of the Committee of Exhibitions at the Academy, Mr. 
Elwyn expressed to him his desire to possess the picture, 
and it was given him in exchange for Stuart's portrait of 
Admiral Sir Henry Lorraine Baker, which takes the place 
of the Sully in the Carey Collection. 

500. Emlin Dr., "deceased, from 

a cast Dr Meigs." Head 1S2S 

Dr. Samuel Emlen (17S9-1S28) was on the staff of the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital from 1823 until his death. 

507. Erskine Lady, "for Genl. 

Cadwallader." Head 1S30 

Was Francis Cadwalader (1781-1843), who married David 
Montague Erksine, afterward Lord Erskine. She was a 
sister of General Thomas Cadwalader, for whom it was painted. 
Vide 1571, painted the same year. 

50S. Espy Mr. Bust 1849 

509. Etherage Miss Caroline, "of 

Boston." Head 1S35 

510. Etting Miss, "of Baltimore." Bust 1S0S 

511. Etting Mrs. S., "sister of 

Miss R Grata." Head 1S35 

28 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 


512. Eugenie Empress, "from a 

Photograph." Head 1863 

513. Ewen Mr. "Merchant of 

3rd St," Bust 1831 

514. Ewen Mrs., "of No 7 So 4." Bust 1S31 

513 and 51-4 were of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Ewing. 

515. Eyre Mr., "of Virginia." Bust 1830 

516. Fairman George, "'son of 

Gideon Fairman. " Head 1S1G 

517. Fairman Gedion, "for Mr 

Guilds." 12x10 1824 

Colonel Gideon Fairman (1774-1827), an engraver and pub- 
lisher of lithographs. Owned by the Pennsylvania Academy 
of the Fine Arts. Another portrait of Col. Gideon Fairman 
by Sully, but not registered, is owned by Mrs. James S. War- 
ren, New York. 

518. Fairman George and Caro- 

line, "for their Father." Head 1819 

519. Falcon Mr. Miniature 1S04 

520. Farely Mrs., "as a Madonna." Kit-kat 1807 

This is of Mrs. Fairlie, daughter of Ch. Just. Robert Yates 
and wife of Major James Fairlie, whose daughter was 35S. 
Owned by Alfred Nelson, Astoria, L. I. 

521. Farlow Mrs., "then dying of 

consumption." Miniature 1802 

522. Farr Miss, "for her Mother." Head 1850 

523. Farren Miss, "afterward 

Countess of Derby." 21x17 1807 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 29 


524. Farren Miss, " began after 

Lawrence." 10x8 1S70 

Elizabeth Farren (1759-1829) is the subject of one of Law- 
rence's most famous portraits, lately purchased by J. P. 
Morgan, reported for the highest price ever paid for a paint- 
ing by Lawrence. 

525. Finley John, "for H. Robin- 

son." Head 1821 

This portrait is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 
York, wrongfully attributed to Rembrandt Peale. 

526. Firth Mr. Bust 1814 

527. Fisher Chs. Henry, "for his 

brothers." Head 1833 

Charles Henry Fisher, President of the Western Saving Fund, 
Philadelphia, died in 1862. 

528. Fisher James, "Sidney Fish- 

er's brother, deceased." Head 1833 

James Logan Fisher died in Paris, 1833. 

529. Fisher Sidney George, "for 

his brother H." Head 1833 

. Of the Philadelphia bar, died 1871. He was a man of literary 
attaimnents, married a daughter of Charles J. Ingersoll (S29, n.) 
and was the father of Sidney George Fisher, the historian. 

530. Fisher Mr. F. "Group of 2 

daughters Elizabeth and 

Sophy." Bust 1S47 

These were portraits of two daughters of Joshua Francis 
Fisher. Elizabeth married Robert Patterson Kane and 
Sophia married Eckley B. Coxe. 

531. Fisher James. "Merchant." 12x10 1801 

532. Fisher James Mrs. 12x10 1S05 

533. Fisher James. Bust 1S11 

534. Fisher James C. ; "corner of 

9th & Chestnut St." Bust 1S27 

30 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 


535. Fisher Mrs. James C., "this 

& the foregoing for his 

son." Bust 1S27 

536. Fisher Joseph. "Optician." Bust 1SS2 

This portrait belongs to the Library Company of Philadelphia, 
to which the subject bequeathed $50,000. 

537. Fisher Redwood. Bust 1808 

In 1847 Sully enters this portrait again with "painted in 
180S retouched it." 

538. Fisher William. Bust 1808 

539. Fitzchue Mr., "for Princeton 

College." Bust 1808 

William Henry Fitzhugh (1792-1S30) of Virginia was gradu- 
ated at Princeton, 1808. He became Vice-president of the 
American Colonization Society and was an active opponent 
to slavery. 

540. Fitzgerald H., "for his 




541. Fitzgerald Miss Maud. 



542. Fitzgerald Mr. 



543. Fitzgerald Mr. 



544. Fitzgerald Mr., "in place of 

one condemned." 30x25 1866 

545. Fitzgerald Mrs., "of Nor- 

folk." Head 1853 

546. Fitzgerald Mrs. Bust 1S58 

547. Fitzgerald Mrs., "for her son 

Riter." 30x25 1861 

548. Fitzgerald Mrs. 34x25 1862 

549. Fitzgerald Mrs., "& her 

daughter Matilda. " 30 x 25 1 B61 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 31 


550. Fitzgerald Mrs., "<fc sou Hill." Kit-kat 18G3 

551. Fitzgerald Mrs. Bust 1864 

552. Fitzgerald Mrs., "as a Peas- 

ant. For her son." Bust 1864 

553. Fitzgerald Mrs., "for her son 

Riter." Bust 1866 

554. Fitzgerald Riter, "for his 

Mother." Bust 1860 

555. Fitzgerald Robert & Gil- 

bert," for their Mother." 30 x 25 1867 

540 to 555 are of Colonel Thomas Fitzgerald, of the Philadel- 
phia City Item, and members of his family. 

550. Fitzhue Mr. Bust 1816 

557. Fitzhue Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Goldsborough." Bust 1816 

The surname of 556 and 557 should doubtless be as 530, 

558. Fitzwhylsonn W., " of Rich- 

mond." Bust 1824 

559. Fitzwhylsonn W., "copied 

from the first." Bust 1824 

560. Fleming Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Roach." Bust 1831 

5G1. Fleming Mrs. Bust 1S44 

562. Fleming Mr., "as a pendant 

to Jane's port, of Mrs." Head 1851 

563. Fletcher Levi, "for his 

Mother." Bust 1830 

32 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


564. Flinn Revd. Dr., "of Charles- 

ton S. C." Bust 1812 

565. Flursly Master Ketland, 

"nephew of Mrs Meade." Kit-kat 1811 

The surname i3 blotted and may be "Hursly." 

566. Fonshee Dr. I. 12 x 10 1805 

567. Ford Mr., " a sketch to cancel 

Jane's." Head 1831 

568. Ford Mrs., " for Mr T Bryan." Head 1829 

569. Ford Mrs. C, "being the 2nd 

portrait." Head 1830 

570. Forney Mr. "Editor of the 

Press." 30x25 1863 

John Weiss Forney (1817-18S1), a well known journalist 
and politician who for several terms was Clerk of the House 
of Representatives of the U. S. and then of the U. S. Senate. 

571. Forney Mrs. 30 x 25 1862 

572. Forrest Edwin. "Theatre. 

For Garrick Club." Bust 1839 

Edwin Forrest (1S06-1872) was the well known tragedian 
who for years was the stage idol of the masses, but whose 
intense personality kept him from appealling to the refine- 
ments of intellect. 

573. Forrest Rev. J., "presented 

to him (Charleston S C)." Bust 1846 

574. Fox Mr. "Engraver (Head 

size)." Bust 1824 

Gilbert Fox was an engraver, actor, and singer, for whom 
Joseph Hopkinson wrote "Hail, Columbia." 

575. Franklin, "copy begun by 

Jane Sully." Half length 1834 

There being but one FRANKLIN, to mention his Christian 
name is superfluous. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 33 


576. Franklin Benjn. " Bass relief 

Franklin Inste. Pre- 

sented." Head 1825 

Owned by the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia. 

577. Franklin Dr. B. "For Mr 

W. Duane. A present." Bust I860 

William Duane (1S07-1832) was a son of 467 and 468 and 
a great-grandson of Franklin. 

578. Franklin Mr., " Atty. Genl." Bust 1810 

579. Franklin Mrs. Walter. Bust 1810 

Walter Franklin (1773-1838) was Attorney General of Penn- 
sylvania in 1809 and Presiding Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, Judicial District Xo. 2, from 1811. 

5S0. Freland Mr., "from a Dau- 

gerreotype." Head 1856 

581. Freland Mr. "Ditto, for Mr 

Daniel of Miss." Bust 1856 

582. Frelinghuysen Mr. "The 

late. From Photo." Head 1865 

553. Frelinghuysen. " For Coloni- 

zation Society. Copy." Head 1865 

Theodore Frelinghuysen (1787-1862), in the hall of Hist. 
Soc. of Penna. 

554. French Mrs., "painted in 

Baltimore." Bust 1820 

555. French Mrs. " Formerly Miss 

Read." 17x14 1847 

586. Frieland Mr. Kit-kat 1857 

587. Frieland Mrs., "from Missis- 

sippi." Kit-kat 1S57 

Vide 5S0 and 581. 
vol. xxxiii. — 3 



30 x 25 




30 x 25 


17 x 14 


3-1 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 


588. Fry Gross. "From a Photo- 
graph. " 

X 5S9. Fry Gross. 

590. Fry Mr. "Printer." 

591. Fry Mr. "Father of. From a 


592. Fry Mrs. "Mother from a 


593. Fry Mrs. "Father. From a 

Photograph." 17x14 1870 

594. Fry Mrs. "Father. From a 

Photograph." 17x14 1S71 

595. Fry Mrs., "of Green Hill." 30 x 25 1S6S 

596. Fry Mrs. "Son of Mr. &." 24 x 20 1869 

597. Fry Mrs. "Parent of, a copy 

of a sketch." 14x17 1869 

598. Fry Mrs. "Grandfather of, a 

copy." 17x14 1869 

599. Fry Mrs. "Late. Infant of, 

and Angel." 24x20 1870 

600. Fuller Mrs., "Miss Montel- 

lius." Bust 1S37 

601. Furness Mrs., "for her hus- 

band J. T." Bust 1829 

602. Furness Revd. W. " For Mrs 

Hughes." Bust 1830 

William Henry Furness (1S02-1S96), one of the most dis- 
tinguished of Unitarian ministers and one of the most accom- 
plished of belles lettres writers. Father of Horace Howard 
Furness, the eminent Shakespearian scholar. 

X 69?g55 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 35 



603. Gales Mr., "of Washington 

Gales & Seton Nat. Gaz." Bust 1S43 

Joseph Gales (1786-1860), who with W. W. Seton published 
the National Intelligencer, in Washington, from 1810 until 
his death. From 1S12 until 1S20 Gales and Seton were the 
exclusive reporters of the proceeding of Congress and but 
for their industry a most important part of our national 
record would now be lost. 

601. Gallego Mr., "from a draw- 
ing by Field." 12x10 1803 

Robert Field was an eminent miniature painter who came 
here from England circa 1794. He remained here a dozen 
years following his art in Maryland, Philadelphia, and Boston, 
and engraving a few stipple plates, when he removed to 
Halifax, N. S., and thence to the West Indies, where he died 
at Jamaica, August 9, 1819. He signed his miniatures with 
his initials " R. F." which being the same as those of Robert 
Fulton, his signed work is usually attributed to the latter. 

605. Gamble Robert. 12x10 1804 

GOG. Ganuet Mr., "for his partner 

Johnston." Bust 1810 

C07. Gardette Mrs.. " Miss Badger 

that was." Head 1829 

COS. Gaskill Miss Jane, "for Mr. 

Hall." Bust 1829 

(1808-1832), daughter of 1926. Vide 696 and 1925 to 1928. 

609. Gee Miss Martha, "of Va. 

by Dr. Mutter." Bust & hands 1835 

610. George Capt. Ed. Head 182G 

611. George Mrs. M., "formerly 

Miss Potter." Head 1826 

012. Getty Mr., "Presd. Bank 

Corn exchange." Kit-kat 1863 

36 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871, 


613. Getty Mr,, "Presd. of the Bank 

Corn exchange/' Kit-kat 1S63 

614. Gibbon Mr., "and Lady." Bust 1S05 

615. Gibbon Lieut. Miniature * 1805 

616. Gibbon Mrs., "of Richmond." Bust 1810 

617. Gibson Dr., "17x14 for Ch. 

Bell of London." Head 1820 

William Gibson (17S8-1868), a distinguished surgeon and 
professor of surgery in the University of Pennsylvania for 
more than thirty years. Sir Charles Bell was a famous sur- 
geon in London. 

618. Gibson Mrs. Dr., "for her 

Mother in Baltimore." Bust 1820 

619. Gibson Mrs. James, "formerly 

Miss Borderley." Half-length 1S21 

Elizabeth (1773-1863), daughter of John Beale Bordley, 
married James Gibson in May, 1S17. This portrait did be- 
long to the late Edward Shippen, of Philadelphia. A por- 
trait of Mrs. Gibson, by Stuart, is in the Pennsylvania Acad- 
emy of the Fine Arts. 

620. Giger Prof. Musgrave, "of 

Princeton, N. J." Bust 1S59 

George Musgrave Giger (1822-1865) was professor of Greek 
and of Latin in Princeton College from 1846 until the year 
of his death. 

621. Gilespie Mr., "of Nashville 

Tenn." Bust 1S41 

622. Gill Mrs. "Sister to Mr. 

Lockwood." 24x20 1S50 

Vide 10G4. 

623. Gilliat Alfred, "and his 

Dog.— For Mr Gallego." 12x10 1803 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 37 


624. Gilman Rev. S., "presented 

to him." 30x25 1846 

This portrait was painted in Charleston, S. C, where Samuel 
Gilman (1791-185S) had charge of the Unitarian Church 
from 1819 until his death. 

025. Gilmore Robert, ' 'copied 

from Lawrence." Bust 1823 

Robert Gilmore, Jr. (1774-1S4S), of Baltimore, was one of 
the earliest collectors of paintings and of autographs in this 
country. His portrait by Lawrence was engraved by John 

626. Gilmore R., "from Lawrence 

for Charleston." Kit-kat 1823 

627. Gilmore Mrs. Robert, "from 

Lawrence for Charleston." Bust 1823 

62$. Gilmore Mrs. R., "for Char- 
leston S C." Kit-kat 1823 

Mrs. Gilmore's maiden name was Ellen Ward. 626 and C2S 
owned by Mrs. William Henry Ladson, Charleston, S. C. 

629. Gilmore Mrs. Wm., "painted 

in Baltimore." Bust 1820 

630. Girauldts Mr., "of Natchez." Bust 1816 

631. Glene Miss, "that was. for 

Mr Thompson, copy." Head 1S46 

632. Glenn John, "deceased of 

Baltimore, for his son. " 24 x 20 1857 

633. Glentworth Dr. Bust 1S12 

Plunkett Fleeson Glentworth, M.D. (1760-1S33), of 144 Sas- 
safras Street, was the only "Dr." of the name at that time, 
in Philadelphia. 

634. Godey Charlotte, "deceased 

from a Daguereotype." 24 x 20 1847 

3S Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1811. 


635. Godey Louis, "3 children in 

group." Kit-kat 1844 

G36. Godey Mrs., "wife to Mr. G. 

of the firm of G. & Me M." Head 1843 

This portrait was of the wife of Louis A. Godey, originator and 
publisher of Godey's Lady's Book. At one time he was in 
partnership with McMillan, afterward Parry & McMillan. 

637. Gourdin Esq., "M. C. from 

Charleston." Bust 1815 

Theodore Gourdin (d. 1826) was a member of Congress, IS 13 
to 1815. 

638. Graham Mrs., "the 1st bust 

of the reduced price $100." Bust 1842 

639. Gratiot General, "for West 

Point," Bust 1830 

640. Gratiot Gexl., "for West 

Point, 1st Pont. Com." Bust 1832 

641. Gratiot Genl., "copied at 

W Point— Col. North." Bust 1833 

Charles Gratiot (1788-1855) was graduated at the U. S. 
military academy in 1S06 and served in the war of IS 12 
with distinction. He was Inspector at West Point from 
1828 to 183S and his portrait hangs in the academy. 

642. Gratiot Mrs., " Lady of Genl. 

G." Kit-kat I&9 

643. Gratz Miss, "copied from a 

miniature painted by Mal- 

burn. This and foregoing 

Cooper." Bust 1S07 

" Malburn" should of course be Malbone, the most eminent 
of American miniature painters, and "foregoing" was 1757. 

644. Gratz Sexr. Mr. Bust 1S0S 

Michael Gratz, a merchant of Philadelphia. Owned by 
Henry Joseph, Montreal. 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 39 


615. Gratz Benjamin. Head 1831 

Benjamin Gratz (1792-1884), son of 644. 

646. Gratz Mrs. Benjamin. Head 1S31 

Was Maria Cecil Gist (d. 1841). 645 and 646 owned by Mrs. 
Thomas Clay, Lexington, Ky. 

647. Gratz Rebecca, "for her 

brother." Bust 1830 

Owned by Henry Joseph, Montreal, Canada. 

648. Gratz Rebecca, "2nd por- 

trait for H. G. erased." Bust 1830 

649. Gratz Rebecca, "for Mrs 

Gratz." Head 1831 

Owned by Mrs. Thomas Clay, Lexington, Ky. 
For some account of Rebecca Gratz (1781-1869) and a 
reproduction of her portrait by Sully, see Reminiscences of a 
Very Old Man by John Sartain. 

650. Gray Miss Martha. "For her 

Father Ed. Gray Esq." Head 1853 

651. Gray Mr., "of New Orleans." Bust 180S 

652. Gray Mr. "Brewer." Kit-kat 1811 

653. Green Edmund. Bust 1819 

654. Green Genl., "deceased cop- 

ied from Peales." Head 1816 

Nathaniel Greene (1742-1 7S6), one of the most distinguished 
officers in the Revolutionary War. 

655. Green John, "child of W. 

Green Commedian." Miniature 1804 

656. Green Mrs., "of Natchez." Bust IS 10 

657. Green Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Ritche." Bust L833 

C5S. Green William. "Comedian." Miniature 1804 









40 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


659. Greinobaum Mr. " Father in 

law of Mrs G." 

660. Greinobaum Mrs. 

661. Grey John. 
• 662. Griffin Mr. 

663. Griffin Mrs., "of Cincin- 

nati." Bust 1830 

664. Griffin Mrs., "of Wilming- 

ton Delaware." Plead 1866 

665. Griffith Mr. "Copy from a 

portrait by Stuart (Mr 

Pollock)." Kit-kat 1825 

Stuart painted the portrait of Robert Eglesfeld Griffith 
(1756-1833), a merchant of Philadelphia, as also of his wife, 
the latter being one of Stuart's most important portraits. 
Vide The Century Magazine for May, 1899. 

666. Griffith Mrs., "of 'Charlie's 

Hope' for Mrs Hughes." Bust 1829 

667. Griffiths Dr. E., "being the 

first in the list of sub- 
scribers to a list of 30." Bust 180S 

Thirty persons each subscribed $30, for which each had a 
portrait painted. 

668. Grigg Miss Emily, "the 




669. Grigg Miss Fanny. 



670. Grigg Miss Nanny. 



671. Grigg Miss Nanny, "a second 

picture." Head 1S56 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 41 


072. Grigg Miss Nanny, "in lieu 

of a failure." 24x20 1857 

668 to 672 were the daughters of John Grigg, an eminent 

673. GrilletMad. Half-length 1807 

674. Grimes Chancellor. Miniature 1804 

075. Groome Lawyer, "of Elkton 

Md." Bust 1855 

676. Groome Lawyer, "of Elkton 

Md." Bust 1856 

James Black Groome (1838-1893), Governor of Maryland, 
1874, and U. S. Senator, 1879-1885. 

677. Grub Mr. ; "copied from St. 

Memin." Bust 1824 

There is no portrait named " Grub," or "Grubb," as the name 
is commonly spelled, in the volume published by E. Dexter of 
St. Memin Portraits. 

078. Grub Mr., "for his Mother." Head 1833 

679. Grub Mrs., "of Mount Hope, 

above Lancaster." Bust 1824 

0S0. Grub Mr., "of Burlington." 24x20 1864 

6S1. Grundy Mr., "of Baltimore. 

Hands introd." Bust 1814 

682. Guerard Miss Sophia, "for 

Mrs Crawford." Bust 1S46 

Owned by Miss A. B. Rose, Charleston, S. C. 

683. GuerinMonr.," of Savannah." Bust 1816 

684. Gum Mrs., "for Price 

Wetherill." Bust 1822 

Rebecca Wetherill married Mr. Gumbes. 

42 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


6S5. Gwathoney Mrs., "in place 

of Hubbard's port." Head 1851 

686. Gwinn Capt., "United States 

Navy." Head 1837 

John Gwinn (d. 1849) entered the Navy in 1S09. 

687. Gwynn Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Lynch." Head 1839 

688. Gwynn Wm, "for H. Robin- 

son." Bust 1821 

This portrait is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New 
York, under the name of "William Glynn." I do not know 
whieh name is correct. 


689. Hackley Mrs., "for Mrs 

Talcot." Bust 1835 

Owned by Mrs. Richard D. Cutts, Washington, D. C. 

690. Hackley Miss Fanny, "for 

her Mother." Head 1836 

691. Haldeman Sarah, "for Miss 

Fox." Head 1829 

Sarah Jacobs Haldeman married William J. Haly, one of 
the authors of Troubat and Haly's Practice in the Courts 
of Pennsylvania. 

692. Haldiman Miss, "of Harris- 

burg." Bust I860 

693. Hale Mr. R. C., "of Harris- 

burg." Bust 1863 

694. Hale Mrs., "both hands 

introduced." Bust 1S10 

695. Hale Mrs., "of Phillipsburg." kist 1S»35 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 43 


G96. Hall Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Ga. Gaskill." Bust 1829 

Christiana Gulielma Penn-Gaskell (1S06-1S30) married Wil- 
liam Hall. Vide 60S and 1925 to 1923. 

GOT. Hamilton Estelle. " For Mrs 

Mayer her mother." Head 1855 

60S. Hamilton Jas., "of Philadel- 
phia." Bust 1807 

GOO. Hamilton James. Head 180S 

700. Hamilton James. Bust 1810 

701. Hamilton J., "in Vandyke 

Dress." Bust 1810 

702. Hamilton Mr., "of Williams- 

borough N. C." Head 1851 

703. Hamilton Mr., "of Ken- 

tucky." Bust 1850 

704. Hamilton Mrs., "of Ken- 

tuck}-." Bust 1850 

705. Hamilton Wm., "'of the Wood- 

lands deceased, copied from 

a Miniature. 11 Bust 1S14 

WiDiam Hamilton (1745-1813). His portrait by West is in 
the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

706. Hammond Mr., "H. & New- 

man." Bust 1821 

707. Handle, "by a German artist 

one of the series." 17 x 12 1862 

Georg Friedrich Handel (1685-1759), the great musical 

44 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


70S. Hare Binney. "Sketch of a 
portrait for Mrs Hare's 
son." 13x18 1847 

709. Hare Master Horace, "hand 

introduced." Bust 1847 

Horace Binney Hare was the only child of Judge John Innes 
Clark and Esther Binney Hare (145), and grandson of the 
Hon. Horace Binney (146). 

710. Hare Charles, "for Mr 

Merredith." Bust 1814 

Charles Willing Hare (1778-1827) was a brother of Pro- 
fessor Robert Hare (711) and an eminent lawyer of Phila- 
delphia. He was the grandfather of Charles Hare Hutch- 

711. Hare Professor. Bust 1827 

Robert Hare (1781-1858) was a distinguished scientist and 
inventor of the compound blcw-pipe. Held the chair of 
Chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania from ISIS 
until 1847. Was one of the early advocates of Spiritualism. 

712. Harper Chancellor. "For 

the College at Columbia." Bust 1846 

713. Harper Chancellor. "Copied 

from the 1st." Bust 1846 

William Harper (1790-1847), Senator from South Carolina, 
1826 ; Chancellor, 1828 ; Judge of the Court of Appeals, 1S30 ; 
and again Chancellor, 1835. "Member of the convention that 
passed the ordinance of Nullification, 1833. 

714. Harper Miss Emily. Head 1853 

715. Harris Mr. Bust 1S36 

716. Harrison Gen. "Design for 

Medal." 10x12 1S22 

By resolution of Congress of April 4, 1818, a gold medal 
was voted to William Henry Harrison for his victory over 
the English and Indian forces at the battle of the Thames, 
October 5, 1813. 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 45 


717. Harrison Mrs., "deceased 

from a D. for Mr Fisher." Head 1852 

Of Mrs. George Harrison (d. 1S51) for Joshua Francis Fisher, 
her nephew and residuary legatee. 

71S. Harwood John, "of N. York 

Theatre for Cooper." Bust 1806 

John Edmund Harwood (1771-1S09) was an English co- 
median who was noted for his handsome face and fine 
physique. He married Miss Bache,. a granddaughter of 
Benjamin Franklin, and was the father of Admiral Andrew 
Allen Harwood of the U. S. Navy. 

719. Haslam Mrs., "for Anna 

Peale." Bust 1839 

720. Hatch Mr., "of Vicksburg 

Ten." Head 1843 

721. Haven Leslie, Emma & 

George, "in a group." Kit-kat 184S 

722. Haviland Mrs. Bust 1837 

723. Haxall Mrs. "For her son." Head 1849 

724. Haxall Mrs., "formerly Boil- 

ing." Head 1850 

725. Haydn, "one of a series." 

Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), the musical composer. 

726. Hayne Miss, "of Charleston 

S. C." Head 1S40 

727. Hayne Mrs. Paul, "for Miss 

Hayne." Head 1842 

728. Haynes Macaulay. "In oil 

colours." Bust 1S03 

729. Haynes Mrs., "and her grand- 

daughter." Kit-kat 1803 

4G Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


730. Hazelhurst Mrs. Isaac. Head 1839 

731. Hazelhurst Miss, "now Mrs 

Ashurst." Bust 1S31 

Lewis Richard Ashhurst (49) married Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Hazlehurst. 

732. Hazelhurst Mr. Bust 1835 

733. Hazelhurst Mrs., "for her 

son. Codemned." Bust 1831 

734. Hazelhurst Mrs., "the 2nd 

attempt," Bust 1831 

735. Hazelhurst Mrs. "Late. 

Copy from my own." 

736. Hazelton Mrs. 

737. Head Joseph. 

738. Henderson Mr., "near Norris- 


739. Hendree Mrs. G., "hands." 

740. Hendy Mrs., "of Boston." 

741. Henry Mrs. 

Mrs. Bernard Henry (17S9-1S76) was Mary Miller, daughter 
of Dr. Samuel Jackson and one of the three pocket Yenuses 
mentioned in Salmagundi. This portrait did belong to 
Morton P. Henry, of Philadelphia. 

742. Henry Patrick, "from a 

miniature." Bust 1S15 

This portrait of Patrick Henry (1736-1799) is not authentic, 
the miniature from which it was painted having been manu- 
factured from description and from portraits of Capt. James 
Cook, the circumnavigator, whom Henry was supposed to 
resemble. It was engraved by W. S. Leney for the Ana- 
lectic Magazine and by E. Wellmore for the National Por- 
trait Gallerv. 















Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 47 


743. Henry Patrick. "Presented 

to Hist. Soc. of Virginia." Bust 1S51 

744. Herring Major, "of New 

Orleans. Formerly Army." Bust 1846 

745. Hewit Mrs. " Sister of C. 

Hupfeild." 10x8 1824 

746. Hewson Dr., "deceased." Bust 1848 

Thomas Tickell Hewson (1773-1848) was the son of Dr. 
Franklin's friend Mary Stevenson, who married William 
Hewson, a celebrated English anatomist. He became one 
of the most eminent of Philadelphia's medical practitioners. 

747. Hewson Mrs. Dr., "for Dr. 

Hewson." Bust 1825 

74S. Hewson Mrs., "for Mrs 

Biddle." Head 1826 

749. Hewson Mrs., "a copy for 

Dr. Hewson." Head 1839 

The wife of Dr. Hewson (746) was Emily Banks of Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

750. Heyward Mr., "for C Mani- 

gaultS. C." Bust 1837 

751. Heyward Mr., "a Signer of 

the D. of I. For his 

grand-s." Head 1S54 

Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1S09), was a signer of the Dec- 
laration of Independence from South Carolina. 

752. Hindeman Mrs., "daughter 

about 4 years." Whole length 1831 

753. Hindman Miss Sarah, "at 

full length." Half-length 1832 

754. Hindman Mrs. Bust 1832 

48 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 


755. Hiott Mrs., " deceased frm 

a sketch." Miniature 1802 

756. Hislop Mr. Bust 1807 

757. Hoban Mrs., "formerly Miss 

French of Washington." 24x20 1844 

758. Hodgkin Dr. " From a Photo- 

graph. For the C. S." Head 1858 

Thomas Hodgkin (1798-1866), in the hall of Hist, Soc. of 

759. Hodson John. 12x10 1804 

760. Hoffman George, "painted 

in Baltimore." Kit-kat 1820 

761. Hoffman Master. "Son of 

G. H." Head 1821 

762. Hoffman Mrs. Kit-kat 1S07 

763. Hoffman Mrs., "for the 

Female Asylum." Kit-kat 1814 

764. Hoffman Mrs. David. Bust 1821 

765. Hoffman Mrs. George, "& 

child." Kit-kat 1S21 

766. Hoffman Peter, "painted in 


767. Hoffman Mrs. P. 

768. Hoffman Mrs. Peter. 

769. Hogg Mr., "formerly of the 

Theatre." Bust 1S07 

770. Holbrook Mrs., "of Charles- 

ton." Bust 1800 







Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 49 


771. Holiday Mr. Bust 185S 

772. Holliday Mrs., " formerly 

Miss Gamble." Bust 185S 


"for T B Morris." Bust 1823 


Sam. Bust 1823 

775. Holmes John, "of the Bowl- 

ing Gr." Miniature 1804 

77C. Honqua, "Chinese Merchant 

for Mr Cabot." Bust 1819 

777. Honqua, " full length in small, 

copy Wilcocks." 26 x 19 1828 

778. Hood Mr., "of Missouri for 

Edinburgh." Head 1824 

779. Horner Dr. Head 1836 

William Edmonds Horner (1793-1853) was Professor of 
Anatomy in the University of Pennsylvania, 1S31 to 1S53. 

780. Hooper Miss, "for Mrs Mal- 

lon." Bust 1816 

7S1. Hopkins Bh., "of Vermont." Head 1835 

John Henry Hopkins (1792-1868), first Protestant Episcopal 
Bishop of Vermont, October 31, 1832. 

782. Hopkins Mr. 

783. Hopkins Mrs. 

784. Hopkinson Frank. 

785. Hopkinson Mrs. Frank. Head 1S34 

Was Miss Anne Biddle (1S00-18G3). Vide 119. 

786. Hopkinson Judge Joseph. Head 1832 








50 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 


7S7. Hopkinson Judge Joseph, 

"for Dartmouth College." Bust 1835 

Joseph Hopkinson (1770-JS42), author of "Hail Columbia" 
and U. S. Judge for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania 
from 1S2S. Was President of the Pennsylvania Academy 
of the Fine Arts from 1813 to 1842. 7S6 was engraved by 
John Sartain and lithographed by A. Newsam. 

7SS. Hopkinson Mrs. J., "a sub- 
scriber." Bust 1808 
Was Emily, daughter of Governor Thomas Mifflin. Mar- 
ried Joseph Hopkinson, February 27, 1794. Her portrait by 
Stuart is in the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

789. Hosac Mrs. Dr., "& child of 

New York." Kit-kat 1815 

790. Hossac Dr. D., "of N. York." Kit-kat 1815 

David Hossack (1769-1835), an eminent scientist and prac- 
titioner of medicine>in New York. A pioneer n the study 
of Botany in America. Engraved by A. B. Durand. 

791. Houston Lady, "at Oat- 

ville, Trenton, N. Jersey." Bust 1819 

Vide Woodrough (1903 and 1904). 

-792. Howard Col., "after Peale, 

for Maryland Sc." Bust 1834 

John Eager Howard (1752-1S27), Governor of Maryland, 
1789-1792, and U.S. Senator,1796-lS03. He married "Peggy," 
daughter of Ch. Just. Chew, who was so much admired by 
Major Andre". Owned by Maryland Historical Society, 

793. Howard Miss Juliet, "for 

Mrs Rawle." Head 1S37 

794. Howard Mrs. Benjamin, 

"painted in Baltimore." Bust 1820 

795. Howard Mrs. B., "alteration 

of her portrait of 1820." Bust 1834 

Mrs. Benjamin Chew Howard was Jane Grant Gflmore, 
sister of G25. 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 51 


796. HowellCol.," of New Jersey*" Kit-kat 1813 

797. Howell Col., "of N. Jersey 

from a sketch begun of 

him in 1812 for his son." Bust 1818 

79S. Howell Miss F. Bust 1808 

799. Howell Miss Nanny, " daugh- 

ter of Mr H." Head 1856 

800. Howell Mrs. B., "the mother 

of B. fit." Bust 1813 

801. Howell Mrs. B., "& her two 

children. " Kit-kat 1814 

802. Howell Mrs. B. "From a 

Daugerreotype." Bust ' 1855 

SOX Howell Senr. Mrs. "For Mrs 

Jones Copy No 2." Bust 1855 

801. Howell Mrs., "deceased. 3d 

copy for her son Joshua." Bust 1855 

805. Howell Mrs., "deceased 4th 

copy for B P How." Bust 1S55 

806. Howell Mrs., "5th copy for 

her daughter of Kingston. " Bust 1855 

S07. Hubble Ferdinand. "Late. 

from Conaroe." Bust 1S5S 

Ferdinand Wakeman Hubbell (1S00-1S52) was a prominent 
lawyer. This portrait belongs to the Law Association of 

SOS. Hudson Dr., "dentist for 

Strainer." Bust 1824 

809. Hudson Dr. " Dentist for 

Chinnery." Head 1S2S 

S10. Hudson E. "Dentist." Bust 1810 

52 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 


811. Hudson E., " deceased, copy 

for Chinncry." Head 1841 

812. Hudson Mrs. Bust 1814 

813. Hudson Mrs., "for Mr Train- 

erof N. York" Bust 1824 

814. Hughes Master Macy, "son 

of Capt Hughes T E." Head 1844 

815. Hughes Meggy, "for her 

adopted mother." Whole length ' 1827 

816. Hughes Mrs., "for her sister 

in England." Bust 1831 

817. Hughs Mrs. "Mother of." 10x8 1824 

818. Hundige Mrs. E., "deceased 

from a MinV'-" Handy." Bust 1842 

819. Hunt Mrs. S. W. "Copy of 

miniature for her father." 27x23 1852 

820. Hunter, "the celebrated anat- 

omist. Copy from Leslie." 24x20 1S63 

John Hunter (1723-1793), whose portrait by Reynolds is 
one of that painter's most noted portraits. Leslie's copy 
was doubtless what Sully copied. 

821. Hurley Mr., "Roman Cath- 

olic Priest."- Bust 1S10 

822. Hurley Revd., "of St. Au- 

gustine's Church." Kit-kat 1S13 

823. Hustick Mrs., "for Mr. 

Harris." Bust 1828 

824. Hutchinson Mrs. Pemberton. 

"Miss Hare." Bust 1840 

Margaretta Hare (1S10-1S40), daughter of 710, married 
Israel Pemberton Hutchinson, April 28, 1S31. The por- 
trait did belong to Charles Hare Hutchinson. 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 53 


$25. Ingersol Mrs. Charles. Bust 1808 

S26. Ingersol Mrs. "Copy of the 

foregoing." Bust 1808 

827. Ingersoll Mrs. C, "copied 

from one done in 1808." Head 1842 

Mary Wilcocks (17S4-1S62), sister of 1S70, married Charles 
Jared Ingersoll, October IS, 1804. S27 is owned by Miss Ann 
Ingersoll Meigs, Philadelphia. 

S28. Ingersoll Junr. Chas., "for 

his son." Bust 1839 

$29. Ingersoll Junr. Chas., "for 

B. Wilcocks." Kit-kat 1841 

Charles Ingersoll (1805-1882) was a son of 825 and his por- 
trait, S29, is owned by his daughter, Mrs. James H. Hutch- 
inson, Philadelphia. Sully painted a portrait of his father, 
the Hon. Chas. J. Ingersoll, in 1838, which did belong to Mrs. 
Harry Ingersoll and is not in the Register, unless 828 is a 
wrong entry for it, as it probably is, Charles Ingersoll, 
"Junr.," not having had any son. 

830. Ingersoll Mrs. Charles, 

"for B. Wilcocks." Kit-kat 1841 

Susan Catherine, daughter of Gqji. Brown, of Tenn., and wife 
of 829. Owned by Mrs. J. Moylan Thomas, Philadelphia. 
Vide 207. 

831. Ingersoll Mrs. Ed., "for- 

merly Miss Brinton. " Bust 1816 

832. Ingersoll Mrs. Harry, "for 

B. Wilcocks." Kit-kat 1S41 

833. Ingersoll Miss Mary, "for 

Jos. Ingersoll Esq. Present 

Mrs Mc Call." Kit-kat 1S44 

This entry should undoubtedly be "Miss Mary Wilcocks," 
the niece and adopted daughter of Joseph R. Ingersoll, who 

54 Thomas Sully's Begkter of Portraits, 1801-1S71. 


married Kirk Boott Wells. Her sister Charlotte Manigault 
married Harry MeCall. Sully also painted a portrait of 
Joseph R. Ingersoll, owned by the Law Association of Phila- 
delphia, which is not in the register. 

834. Ingraham Mrs. Ed., "for 

Lawyer Ingraham." Head 1830 

835. Ingraham Mrs. Ed., "for Mrs 

Barney." Head 183G 

Mrs. Edward Duffield Ingraham, wife of the noted wit and 
book collector, of Philadelphia. 

836. Inman, "'in exchange for one 

painted of me." 24x20 1837 

Henry Inman (1801-lS46).was a well known painter whose 
work was very unequal, some of his portraits being extremely 
fine, especially of old men, and some of his genre paintings 
were exquisitely rendered. On the other hand many of his 
portraits are cold, hard, stiff and most unsatisfactory. In- 
man's portrait of Sully belongs to the Pennsylvania Academy 
of the Fine Arts. 

837. Inskeep Mr. Bust 1S10 

John Inskeep (1757-1S34) was a member of the well known 
publishing house of Bradford and Inskeep, Pliiladelphia, 
and he was also Mayor of the latter city. 

83S. Irving W. "Partly from 

memory. Hints from a 

portrait ' in Harper's 

Weekly." 30x25 1S70 

Washington Irving (1783-1S59) is too well known to require 
more mention than his name. 

839. Isrial Mr., "hands intro- 

duced." Bust 1S10 

840. Israil Mrs., "for her son." Bust 1S0S 

841. Israel Mrs., "began to re- 

touch a copy by Ellen." Bust 1S36 

Observe the three different spellings of the same name in 
839, 840 and 841. "Ellen" was Sully's daughter, afterward 
Mrs. Wheeler. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 55 


842. Ives Mrs. Hope, "for her son 

Rives." Kit-kat 1847 

S43. Ives Mrs. R., " painted at 

Providence/' Kit-kat 1847 

844. Izard General, "father. 

whole length from West." Kit-kat 1818 

Ralph Izard (1742-1804) was the father of General George 
Izard, U. S. Army. West painted his whole length portrait 
in a group of his college chums, which now belongs to The 
Brook Club, New York. 

845. Izard Mrs. Rosa, "for Mrs 

Pinckney." Head 1842 


S4G. Jackson Dr. S., "for Dr 

Gibbes of Columbia S. C." Head 1845 

S47. Jackson Dr., "for his wife. 

Ordered by Dr. Gibbes." Head 1845 

As there were two Doctor Samuel Jackson's in Philadelphia 
at the same time it is impossible to identify this one. 

848. Jackson Gen. "Drawing for 

a Medal." 6x6 1817 

849. Jackson Genl. " Design for a 

Medal ordered by Congress 

being the 2nd." 10 x 12 1822 

February 27, 1816, Congress ordered a medal for General 
Jackson for the battle of New Orleans. 

850. Jackson General, "of Ten- 

nessee." Bust IS 19 

851. Jackson General, "for 'So- 

ciety of American Artists'." Half-length 1819 

Engraved by James B. Longacre and published Nov. 2, 1820. 

56 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


852. Jackson General, "for Mr 

Loyd." 9x7 in. 1829 

Owned by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

853. Jackson Genl., "whole 

length." 8 ft, x 5 ft. 1845 

Owned by the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. 

854. Jackson Genl., "from a 

study from him in 1824." 24 x 20 1845 

This study is not entered in the Register under 1824. Vide 
983 n. 

855. Jackson Genl. " Ex. Pt. U. S. 

copy from a former P." Head 1845 

856. Jackson, "from a Study I 

painted in 1819." Bust 1857 

857. Jackson General, "copy for 

Edwin Forrest Esq." Bust 1858 

Owned by the Forrest Home, Holmesburg, Philadelphia. 

858. Jackson General, "small 

whole length from a 

sketch." 25 x 16i 1870 

Vide "Life Portraits of Andrew Jackson" by Charles Henry 
Hart, McClure's Magazine, July, 1897, p. 801. 

859. Jackson Miss Mary, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 180S 

This was very probably 741 before her marriage to Mr. Henry. 

860. Jackson John, "for Mrs 

Kirkman." Bust 1819 

Owned by Miss Ellen R. Hunt, Louisville, Kentucky. 

861. Jackson Miss, "deceased from 

a pencil sketch." Bust 1822 

862. Jackson Mrs., " formerly Miss 

Grant of Bait." Bust ISIS 

Thomas Sully s Begistcr of Portraits, 1801-1871. 57 


SG3. Jackson Mr., "husband of 

the aforementioned." Bust 1818 

564. Jackson Mr. P., "from New 

Orleans." Bust 1818 

Sf)5. Jackson Mrs., "for Dr Jack- 
son." Bust 1830 

$66. Jackson Washington, "Mrs. 

Kirkman's brother." Bust 1818 

Vide 860 and 954. 

867. Jacobs Mr. S., "of Rich- 
mond." Bust 1812 

565. Jacobs Mrs., "of Rich'd. 

hand introduced." Bust 1815 

S69. Janey Mrs., "of Baltimore 

for Mrs Merrefield." Kit-kat 1849 

Vide 1184. 

870. Janeway Miss, "the late. 

For her parents." Head 1851 

871. Janeway Mrs. "For one of 

a group of 5 Heads." Head 1854 

872. Janeway Revd. Dr., "for 

Mrs Kane." Bust 1839 

873. Janeway Dr., "copy from 

my portrait of him in 

1839." Bust 1853 

Jacob Jones Janeway (1774-1S5S) was a prominent Pres- 
byterian minister connected with Rutgers and Princeton Col- 
leges in New Jersey. 

874. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

2." Bust 1857 

58 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 


875. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

3." Bust 1837 

876. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

4." Bust 1857 

877. Janeway Rev'd. "Copy No. 

5." Bust 1857 

878. Janney Miss, "of Baltimore. 

For Mr Heath." Kit-kat 1841 

879. Jaudon Samuel, "for Coper- 

twait." Bust 1837 

Painted in London. Cashier of the Bank of the United 
States, and Coperthwait was Assistant Cashier. 

880. Jaudon, "copy begun by Tom." 30x35 1839 

881. Jefferson Thos. "His Excel. 

Ex Presd. U. S. painted 

at his seat Monticello." Bust 1821 

This fine portrait, endorsed by Sully "From Jefferson 1S21. 
Completed 1830" is owned by the American Philosophical 
Society at Philadelphia. 

882. Jefferson. "Small whole 

length as a study." 29x18' 1822 

883. Jefferson Thos. "Whole 

length of the Ex Presd 
for the Military Academy 
West Point." 103x67 1822 

The head in this is from SSI. It has been engraved by J. 
A. J. Wilcox and is in the Military Academy at West Point. 

884. Jefferson. " For Mr E 

Forrest. A copy." Bust 1S5G 

Owned by the Forrest Home, Holmesburg, Pa. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 59 


8S5. Jefferson. "For myself. 

Second copy." Bust 1856 

&S4 and 885 are copies of 881. Vide " Life Portraits of Thomas 
Jefferson," by Charles Henry Hart, McC lure's Magazine, May, 

8SG. Jenks Mr., "for Dr. Kirk- 
bride." Bust 1843 
Joseph R. Jenks, owned by Dr. Stacy B. Collins, N. Y. 

8S7. Jennings Mrs. Miniature 1803 

SSS. Johnson Mrs. Reverdy. 

" Painted at Baltimore." Whole length 1840 

8S9. Johnston David. Miniature 1804 

890. Johnston M aster, "19 months 

old. Gilpin. 1 ' 30x25 1841 

William S. Johnston, grandson of Mrs. Henry D. Gilpin, 
who was first Mrs. Josiah Stoddard Johnston. 

891. Johnston Mr. Bust 1808 

892. Johnston Mr., "a copy of the 

first." Head 180S 

Sully painted a portrait of William Royal Johnston, owned 
by Stitson Hutchins, Xew York. 

893. Mrs. Johnston, "'deceased by 

description. ' ' Miniature 



Johnston Mrs. "Ganet & 

Johnston." Kit-kat 



Johnston Mrs., "deceased 

from a profile Savannah." Bust 



Johnston Robert. 12 x 10 



Johnston Mrs. R. 12 x 10 


60 Thomas Sully's Begister of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


898. Jones Capt. J. "For a Medal 

ordered by Congress," Head 1816 

Congress by resolution of Jan. 29, 1813, ordered a medal 
for Captain Jacob Jones for the capture of the British sloop- 
of-war Frolic on the 20th October, 1812. 

899. Jones Capt. J., "for Delaware 

State." Bust -1817 

Jacob Jones (1768-1850) was a native of Delaware, studied 
medicine, entered the Navy in 1799, commanded The 
Wasp at the opening of the war, capturing the Frolic, for 
which 898 was presented to him. In the State Capitol, 
Dover, Delaware. 

900. Jones Mr. 



901. Jones Mrs. David. 



902. Jones Honble, 



Morton Esq." Bust 1807 

903. Jones Isaac, "for his son B. 

Jones." Head 1829 

904. Jones Mrs., "formerly Mrs 

Grinnel." Head 1S53 

905. Jones Mrs., "Mr. Irvine's 

sister-in-law." Head 185S 

906. Jones Mrs. "From a Photo- 

graph. For Mrs Fitz- 
gerald." Head 1S60 

907. Jones W. W., "a fellow 

boarder at the 'Powhat- 

tan\" Head 1851 

908. Jordan G. N., "of Tabula, 

in Yazoo Co. Miss." Head 1S55 

909. Jordan Miss Mary, "deceased 

from a Phon." Head 1855 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 01 


910. Joyne Miss, "grand-daughter 

to Miss May." Head 185S 

911. Junkin Mrs., "of the neigh- 

borhood of Richd. Va." Head 1855 

General Stonewall Jackson had a sister Mrs. Junkin. 


912. Kane John K. Bust 1836 

913. Kane Judge, "a copy for the 

Musical Fund." Bust 1861 

John Kintzing Kane (1795-185S) was Judge of the U. S. 
District Court at Philadelphia and father of Dr. Elisha Kent 
Kane, the Arctic explorer. 

914. Kane Mrs. J. K., "in the cos- 

tume of 'MaryV Bust 1832 

Was Jane Duval Lei per and her portrait by Sully, as also 
that of her husband, was reproduced in The Century, vol. 
34, p. 489. 

915. Keim Miss, "for her intended 

Dr Wetherill." Head 1855 

916. Kemble Chs. "Tragedian. 

self." Head 1832 

917. Kemble C, "as Fazio for Mrs 

Ford." Head 1833 

918. Kemble C," as Fazio. Copied 

from a former work." Bust 1S65 

Charles Kemble (1775-1854), an eminent actor and brother 
of Mrs. Siddons and of John Philip Kemble and father of 
Fanny Kemble, Mrs. Pierce Butler. 917 was presented to 
the Penna. Academy of Fine Arts by Mrs. John Ford. 

919. Kemble Miss Fanny, "from 

recollection. Childs." Plead 1832 

Lithographed by Newsam for Childs and Inman, 1S33. 

62 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


920. Kemble Miss Fanny, "as Ju- 

liet recollection. Sketch." Head 1832 

921. Kemble Miss, "as Bianca for 

Mrs Ford." Plead 1833 

922. Kemble Miss, " as Bianco. 

Copied from a former." Bust 1S65 

923. Kemble F., " as Julia for Miss 

North." Head 1833 

924. Kemble F., "as Lady Mac- 

beath — self. Erased." Bust 1833 

925. Kemble F., "as Beatrice for 

E Carey." Bust 1S33 

926. Kemble F. A., "for myself." Head 1833 

927. Kemble F., "for Pierce But- 

ler." Kit-kat 1834 

928. Kemble F., "copy to acc'y 

her to England." Kit-kat 1S34 

Frances Ann Kemble (1809-1893), commonly called "Fanny 
Kemble," was daughter of 916 and came with him to this 
country in 1832, with whom she played in the principal 
cities of the country for two years, until her marriage to 
Pierce Butler, June 7, 1834, from whom she was divorced 
in 184S. 921 and 925 are owned by the Penna. Academy 
of Fine Arts, the latter was beautifully engraved by John 

929. Kemble Gouvenir, "copy 

from a miniature." Head 1S39 

Gouverneur Kemble (17S6-1S75) was the intimate friend of 
Washington Irving, the brother-in-law of James K. Pauld- 
ing, and General Scott said "the most perfect gentleman in 
the United States." 

930. Kemble John, " as Richard 

III. Copied from Stuart." 21 x 16 1S67 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 63 


931. Kennedy Mrs. J. P. "For 

her father Mr Gray." Head 1S53 

932. Keply Mrs. "Adding the 

Drapery to a picture by 

Stuart." Bust 1824 

This was the portrait of Mrs. Michael Keppele, who was 
Catharine Caldwell (1774-1862), of Philadelphia, whose 
husband, also painted by Stuart, was Mayor of the city. 
For an anecdote connected with this portrait and the reason 
for Sully's "adding the drapery" see Mason's Life of Stuart, 
p. 209. Owned by Mrs. William P. Tatham, Philadelphia. 

933* Kerbt Peter, "and his pet 

dog." 12x10 1S04 

1*34. Kerr Capt. Bust 1810 

935. Kerr Mrs. Bust 1810 

93& Kersey Jesse, "for Elliot 

Cresson." Head 1825 

937. Kersey Jesse. "Sketch from 

my original." Head 1825 

938. Kid Mrs. Head 1811 
039. Kid R. Head 1S11 

940. King Charles B., "as a 

specimen -to show West." Head 1S09' 

Charles Bird King (1785-1862) was an American painter 
whom Sully found in London studying art and this was the 
first picture he painted after his arrival there, beginning 
it July 25 and finishing it August 2, and it was the only 
portrait he painted while there. All of his other work was 
copying. The entry in the register shows the purpose for 
which it was painted and Sully and King chummed together 
during their sojourn in London and were firm friends after- 

941. King Mrs., "consort of J 

King, Gold Beater." Bust 1830 

64 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


942. Kingsbury Major, "for Mrs. 

Buckner." Bust 1859 

943. Kingsbury Mrs. "This & 

the foregoing from Daugs." Bust 1859 

944. Kingston Miss Harriott. Kit-kat 1812 

945. Kingston Miss, "the second 

attempt." Bust 1813 

946. Kingston Steven. Kit-kat 1812 

947. Kinzing Mrs., "painted in 

wax as foregoing." Kit-kat 1812 

The foregoing was portrait of "Tom and Jane [Sully] with 

948. Kinzing Mrs., "second por- 

trait." Kit-kat 1812 

949. Kinzing Senr. Mr. Kit-kat 1815 

950. Kinzing Senr. Mr. "Two 

copies of Mr Kinzing's 

portrait." Bust 1S15 

947 and 949 are doubtless the portraits of Mr. and Mrs. 
Abraham Kintzing of Philadelphia, which were exhibited 
at the Historical Portrait Exhibition at the Penna. Academy 
of Fine Arts, 18S7-8S, then owned by Mr. Henry Pratt Kint- 
zing, and ascribed to Gilbert Stuart. They were subse- 
quently offered to the Academy as a gift, as portraits by Stuart, 
when the writer was Chairman of the Exhibition Committee 
and refused as he was of the opinion they were not by Stuart. 
Abraham Kintzing was a merchant of the firm of Pratt and 
Kintzing and Mrs. Kintzing was Margaret Harbeson. 

951. KipBh., "of California. Taken 

from a Photograph." 24 x 20 1S63 

William Ingraham Kip (1811-1S93) was first Protestant 
Episcopal Bishop of California and considered the hand- 
somest man in the house of Bishops. He was much inter- 
ested in art and had a fine collection of paintings which were 
acquired by the Mark Hopkins gallery and destroyed in tha 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1S71. G5 


San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Among them were 
Stuart's portrait of Mrs. James Greenleaf and Vanderlyn's 
Marius, the picture that was medalled by Napoleon personally. 

952. Kirkman Miss, " of Nashville." Kit-kat 1826 

953. Kirkman Mr. Bust 1818 

954. Kirkman Mrs. Bust 1817 

Vide SCO and 866. Owned by Mrs. A. D. Hunt, Louisville, 

955. Kittera Mr. "Lawyer." Kit-kat 1825 

Thomas Kittera (1789-1839) graduated University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1S05, was Attorney General of Penna., 1S17-18, 
and member of Congress, 1826-27. 

956. Klapp Dr. Kit-kat 1814 

957. Klapp Mrs. Kit-kat 1814 

958. Knease Mr., "deceased for 

his son." Head 1841 

At the exhibition of the Artist Fund Society, Philadelphia, 
in 1841, a portrait of William Kneass by Sully was exhibited 
by S. H. Kneass. William Kneass was an engraver. 

959. Knease Mrs., "wife of the 

Engineer." Bust -1839 

Strickland Kneass was a prominent civil engineer in Phila- 

960. Knecht Mr., "for the Corn 

Exchange." Kit-kat 1862 

961. Knecht Mrs. "To match 

her husband's port." Kit-kat 1863 

962. Knoor Mrs., "for her aunt 

Miss Gilbert." Bust 1S59 

963. Knox General, "from a 

miniature — also sketch." Head 1824 

Henry Knox (1750-1806), a Major General of Artillery in 
the Revolutionary War and Secretary of War in Washing- 
ton's cabinet. The only miniature painted by Gilbert Stuart 
was one of General Knox. 

66 Thomas Sully's Bcgister of Portraits, 1801-1811. 


964. Koch Gerard, "outline from 

Peak for Tom." Kit-kat 1833 

965. Koch Mrs., copied from R. 

Peale for Mesehert." Kit-kat 1834 

966. Koecker L. "Dentist." Kit-kat 1818 

967. Koecker Mrs., "began last 

spring." Kit-kat 1820 

968. Koecker Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Dunant." Head 1822 

969. Koecker Mrs. L., "pre- 

sented." Head 1850 

Louisa Melizet, wife of Leonard R. Koecker, dentist, of 

970. Krumbaugh Mr. Head 1813 

971. Krumbaugh Mrs. Head 1813 

972. Krumbar Mr. " From a Port. 

by R. Peale." Bust 1854 

The proper spelling of 970-972 is doubtless "Krumbhaar." 

973. Kuhl Mr., "or Khul, Presd 

Bank N. A." Bust 1829 

Henry Kuhl (1764-1856) was never President of the Bank 

of North America but was Assistant Cashier of the Bank 
of the United States. 

974. Kuhl Mrs. Bust 1S29 

Deborah (1772-1S53), daughter of Michael Hillegas, first 
Treasurer of the United States, wife of 973. 

975. Kuhn Elizh., " daughter Hart- 

man Kuhn." Head 1829 

976. Kuhn Hartman. Bust 1829 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 67 


977. Kusenberg Mr. "He recom- 

mended Pullman." Kit-kat 1866 

978. Kusenberg Mrs. "To go to 

Germany." Kit-kat 1866 

979. La Bruce Mrs. Head 1846 

980. La Comb Mr. "Infant of. 

Sketch." Head 1828 

981. La Fayette Gen., "a small 

whole length as a study." 30 x 24 1826 

Owned by Arthur Church, Philadelphia. 

952. La Fayette Gen., " size life — . . 

painted by subscription." Whole length 1826 

953. La Fayette Gen., "for Colon- 

ization So'y." 22JX19J 1845 

Gilbert Motier de La Fayette (1757-1834) made his farewell 
visit to and tour through this country in 1824-25, arriving 
August 15, 1S24, and departing Sept. 7, 1S25. He was in 
Philadelphia from Sept. 28 to Oct. 5th, 1824, and again 
from July IS to 21, 1825, and Sully made a study of his 
head while in Philadelphia during the first visit, which orig- 
inal study, signed and dated 1824, is owned by Herbert 
Welsh, Esq., of Germantown. This important study is not 
entered in the Register, which may be accounted for by 
a note under that year, "Some studies for other pictures 
are begun, but not registered." The subscriptions for 9S2 
failed and the portrait, which was not finished until 1S33, was 
left on Sully's hands. He subsequently presented it to the 
Pa. Academy of the Fine Arts and that institution later, 
with the artist's consent, transferred it to the city of Phila- 
delphia in exchange for West's painting of Paul and 
Barnabas which had been bequeathed to the City, and thus 
9S2 finally reached the destination originally intended for it 
and it hangs in the old State House. It is one of Sully 'a 
fine works. 9S3 is in hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

68 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 


984. LaFevre Dr. "The child of, 

and his favorite Dog." 24x20 1852 

985. Lamb Thomas, "for his 

mother." Bust 1831 

Owned by H. A. Lamb, New York. 

986. Lambdin Mr., "my pupil." Bust 1824 

James Read Lambdin (1S07-18S9) was a portrait painter 
of Philadelphia, who painted many notable local portraits. 
He was born in Pittsburg and came to Philadelphia at the age 
of sixteen and studied under Sully for three years. Owned 
by Dr. Alfred C. Lambdin, Philadelphia. 

987. Lambert Miss, "of N. York." Bust 1814 

988. La Motte Mr. Kit-kat 1812 

989. Lardner Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Hoppy." 24x20 1840 

Esther Hoppin (1819-1905) of Providence, R. L, married 
Alexander Lardner, of Philadelphia. Owned by Mrs. Isaac 
Starr, Philadelphia. 

990. Latrobe Mr. "For the Col- 

onization Soc. Presented. " 30 x 25 1862 

John Hazlehurst Boneval Latrobe (1803-1 S91) was an emi- 
nent lawyer of Baltimore and President of the Maryland 
Historical Society. In hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

91. Landman Mrs. "Mr Land- 
man's late wife. From a 
Daugerreotype." Head 1S53 , 

992. Lawrence Dr. Bust 1813 

John Lawrence (1747-1830), Princeton A. B., 1764; Phila- 
delphia M. D., 1768. Owned by Miss Mary H. Penington, 

993. Lawrence Miss A. Bust 1S07 

994. Lawrence Miss A. Bust 1S0S 

Annie Lawrence married George Wright Hawkes. Owned 
by C. McDougall Hawkes, New York. 

995. Lawrence Mrs., "of Mary- 

land. For's son." Bust 1850 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. G9 

NAME size date 

996. Lawrence Sir T., "copy for 

myself." Head 1830 

997. Lea Lieut. U. S. N., "for F P 

Blair of Washington." Head 1845 

Samuel Philips Lee (1S12-1S97) of Virginia, grandson of 
Richard Henry Lee, entered the navy in 1825 and dining the 
war of the Rebellion was actively engaged on the Union side, 
receiving a vote of Congress for his services. He married 
a daughter of 157, possibly 156. 

998. Lea Mrs., "copy from a 

former portrait." Head 1835 

There is no "former portrait" of 99S m the Register, under 
the name of Lea ; possibly 156. 

999. Lealand Dr., "of Charleston 

SC." Bust 1814 

1000. Legare Hugh, "from a mini- 

ature." Bust 1S46 

Hugh Swinton Legare" (1789-1S43), Attorney General of South 
Carolina during the nullification fever, when he supported 
the Union, and Attorney General of the United States in 
Tyler's cabinet. 

1001. Leaming Miss, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 180S 

1002. Leaming Mr., "a subscriber." Bust 1S09 

1003. Ledyard Miss, "for Mrs 

Vanderkemp." Head 1S34 

1004. Lee Mrs., "for her brother 

Capt. Boyce." Head 1S2S 

1005. Lee Rev., "a clergyman 

deceased. For Mrs Lee." Head 1S4S 

1006. Lee Mrs., " companion portr. 

to Revd. Lee." 21x20 1848 

1007. Lee Mrs. Josiah. Kit-kat 1853 

70 Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


100S. Leeman Mrs., "for her 

daughter Mrs Smith." Bust 1832 

1003 should doubtless be spelled "Learning," as Miss 
Learning married Dr. H. H. Smith. 

1009. Leiper Miss, "for J. K 

Kane." Bust 1836 

Vide 912 to 914. 

1010. Le Roy J. B., "my brother 

inlaw." Kit-kat 1807 

1011. LeRoy J. B. Bust 1814 

1012. Le Roy Mrs. J. B., "my 

sister." Bust 1807 

1013. Le Roy Jane, " copied for 

my sister Betsy." Bust 1815 

1014. Le Roy Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Gardette." Bust 1817 

1015. Leslie Capt. T., "at West 

Point." Head 1829 

1016. Leslie Capt., "copy for 

Charles Leslie." Head 1829 

Thomas Jefferson Leslie (1796—187-1) was a brother of 
Charles Robert Leslie, the painter to whom Sully gave his 
first instruction in the art, as he enters in his Register, 
October 4, 1811, "Study of an Old Man's Head in the 
style of Rembrandt to instruct Charles Leslie in the man- 
agement of oil colours/' He was graduated at West Point 
Military Academy in 1S15 and in 1S65 was brevetted colonel 
and brigadier general for faithful performance of duty 
during a continuous period of fifty years service. 

1017. Leslie E., "for Mr Godey." Kit-kat 1S44 

Eliza Leslie (17S7-1S58) was sister of 1015, and was the 
author of the famous cookery book bearing her name. 
1017 was beautifully engraved by John Cheney for Godey 's 
Lady's Book, January, 1846, and is owned by the Penna. 
Acad, of Fine Arts. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 71 


1018. Leslie Emma & Adelaide & 

Virginia Cary. " For 

Henry Cary." Kit-kat 1829 

1019. Leslie Miss Adelaide and 

Emma, "copy for H. 

Carey." Bust 1855 

273 married a sister of 1015, and 1013 and 1019 were the 
children of 1015. Henry Charles Carey was a brother of 

1020. Leslie Miss, "of Alabama. 

For Miss Grelaud." Bust 1824 

1021. Leslie Mrs. T. "During my 

stay at W. P." Head 1829 

The wife of 1015. 

Sully also painted a portrait of Mrs. Robert Leslie, the 
mother of 1015 and 1017, which is not in the Register, 
as shown from the following extract from a letter from 
Charles Robert Leslie to Sully, dated London, August 9, 
1816. "I received some time ago your very acceptable 
present of my Mother's portrait, for which I return you 
my warmest thanks. I do not think the likeness could 
be better, excepting that it appears rather too young for 
my mother. It has a double value in my estimation which 
places it above everything else I possess on account of the 
subject and the giver." 

1022. Leutze Mrs., "for her son 

at.Dusseldorf." Bust 1S44 

Emanuel Leutze (181G-1S6S), history painter, was born in 
Gmund, Wiirttemberg, but came to America with his pa- 
rents at a very early age and showing a bent for art was sent 
to Diisseldorf in 1841 to study under Lessing. He became 
a history painter and his Washington Crossing the Delaware 
is in the Metropolitan Museum, New York. 

1023. Levy Miss Henrietta, 

"hands." 10x12 1810 

1024. Levy Miss Martha. Sm. three-quarter 1S10 

1025. Levy S., "a subscriber." Bust 1S0S 

72 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1S71. 


1026. Levy Mrs. Sansom, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1027. Levy Mrs., " formerly Miss 

Yates of Liverl." Head 1842 

1028. Lewis Com e . Kit-kat 1807 

William Lewis (d. 1815) entered the U. S. Navy in 1802, 
was Lieutenant in 1807 and was lost on the Epcrvier. This 
was Sully's first Kit-kat for which he was paid $70. It 
was begun Jan. 6, and finished June 6. 

1029. Lewis Com e . " Father. Copied 

from Copley." Half-length 1807 

This was Sully's first $100 picture. - 

1030. Lewis J. "Painted in 

Charleston for Misses 

Anally." 25x30 1846 

1031. Lewis J. D., "copied from 

one painted in Russia." Bust 1820 

1031 was of John Delaware Lewis, brother of 1036. 

1032. Lewis J. W., "in exchange 

for my 1st." Head 1829 

1033. Lewis Miss Ann. "Study for 

a large picture." Head 1810 

1034. Lewis Mrs. Mordecai, "for 

Mrs Fisher, her daugh- 
ter." Head 1843 

1035. Lewis Mr. J. R. Bust 1809 

1036. Lewis Mr. Wm. D. Bust 1S20 

1037. Lewis Mr. Wm. D., "copy of 

the foregoing." Bust 1S20 

1036-1037 were of William David Lewis (1792-1881), 

brother of 1031, who was private secretary to Henry Clay, 
and accompanied him to Great Britain when he went in 
1S15 as Peace Commissioner. Collector of the Port of 
Philadelphia, 1S51. 

Thomas Sully's Fcgisler of Portraits, 1801-1811. 73 


1038. Lewis Mrs. "For Mrs Dr 

Cox her mother." Head 1832 

Mrs. Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis of Hoboken, N. J. Vide 

1039. Lewis Mrs., "for her hus- 

band." Bust 1842 

1040. Lewis Mrs. Reeve, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 1808 

1041. Lewis Mrs. S., "and her 

infant." Kit-kat 1811 

1042. Lewis Mrs. Saml. Bust 1810 

1043. Lewis Mrs. S., "mother of 

Reeve Lewis." ■ Kit-kat 1813 

1044. Lewis Mrs. W. D., "Miss 

Laypoole." Head 1829 

Sarah Claypoole (1801-1870) married William D. Lewis 
(1036), June 23, 1825. 

1045. Lewis R. "Infant, whole 

length study." Bust 1810 

1046. Lewis R., "3rd child. Study 

for a large picture." Head •' 1810 

1047. Lewis Reeve, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 180S 

1048. Lewis Saml., "copied from 

RPeale." Bust 1S09 

1049. Lewis Susannah, "daughter 

of R Lewis." Head 1810 

1050. Lincoln Ex Pres., "de- 

ceased from a photo- 
graph." Head 1SG5 

74 Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1051. Lincoln Prest. and Son. 

"From a photograph." Kit-kat 18G5 

1052. Lincoln Pre3. "From a 

Photograph." 30x25 1868 

1053. Lindsay Mr. Pv,obert M. 24x20 1871 

This was the last portrait painted by Sully and wa3 fin- 
ished October 31, 1571. Vide Introduction, vol. xxxii, p. 394. 

1054. Lingen Mrs. Dr., "for pro- 

fessional services." Bust 1S42 

Maria Oldm ixon married Doctor George Lingen. Owned by 
Mrs. Alfred C. Lambdin, Philadelphia. 

1055. Link Miss, "from a Daug. 

for her mother." Head 1856 

1056. Link Miss, "for her mother." Head 1858 

1057. Linticum Miss, "of George- 

town D C." Head 1855 

105S. Livesley Mr., "of certain 

Mills on the Wisaccon." Head 1826 

1059. Livingston. "Copy of Rae- 

burns." Bust 182S 

The Wadsworth Athenaeum at Hartford, Conn., owns a 
portrait of Peter Van Brugh Livingston, by Sully, after 

1060. Livingston Miss, "of New 

York." Bust 1815 

1061. Livingston Miss Angelica, 

"of New York." Bust 1815 

1062. Livingston Mr. E., "de- 

ceased. Copy for Mrs 

Potter." Head 1S4S 

1063. Livingston Mrs. Montg., 

"deceased. From Da- 
guerreotype." Head 1S4S 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 75 


1064. Lockwood Mr. "From a 

Dagguerreotype. " 24 x 20 1850 

1065. Logan James. "Copy for 

Franklin Liby." Bust 1831 

James Logan (1664-1751) came to this country as Secre- 
tary to William Penn in 1699 and died at Stenton, his 
country place, where the portrait copied by Sully always 
hung and is believed to be from life. Sully's copy belongs 
to the Library Company of Philadelphia and was paid for 
by issuing a share of stock. 

1006. Lorton Richard, " of Peters- 
burg. Artist." 12x10 1804 

1067. Lowber Mr. "Attorney at 

Law." Head 1822 

1068* Lowber Mrs., "formerly 

Miss F. Seargant." Head 1822 

1069. Lowber, "deceased for Sav- 

ing Fund." Bust 1834 

John C. Lowber (1789-1834), Third President of the Phila- 
delphia Saving Fund, to which institution 1069, which is a 
replica of 1067, belongs. 

1070. Lucas Miss Eliza, "of N. 

York for Mrs Berg." Head 1836 

1071. Lucas Mr., "a subscriber." Bust 180S 

1072. Lucas Mrs. Fielding, "of 

Baltimore." Kit-kat 1S10 

1073. Ludlow Mary, "of Balti- 

more for Mr Towne." Head 1847 

1074. Lugenbeat Dr., "for Col- 

onization Society." 24x20 1S64 

James Washington Lugenbcel (1S19-1S57), in hall of Hist. 
Soc. of Penna. 

76 Thomas Sulh/s Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 


1075. Lyman Genl., "put a Back 

gd & Drapery." 21x18 1828 

107G. Lyman Miss, "of Boston." Head 1855 

1077. Lyman Miss Susan, "of 

Northampton for Can- 
ton." 24x20 1844 

1078. Lyons Judge. Bust 1806 

1079. Lyons Mr. "Two children 

separately. " 12x10 1804 


1080. McAllister. "Optician 

Chestnut St." Bust 1830 

John McAllister, Jr. (17S6-1S77), was a well known local 
antiquary in Phila. and at the time of his death was the 
oldest living graduate of the Univ. of Pa. 

1081. McAllister Mrs., "wife of 

optician." Bust 1830 

Was Eliza Melville, daughter of William Young of Rock- 
land, Del. 

1082. McCalaster Miss, "for Mr 

Bacon Junr." Bust 1S0S 

Vide 64. 

1083. McCallaster Miss. Kit-kat 1812 

1084. McCall Miss Catherine, "a 

subscriber." Bust 1809 

1085. McCall Mrs., "of Chestnut 

St," Bust 1S29 

Judith Kemble McCall (1743-1829), widow of Archibald 
McCall, resided at 308 Chestnut St. Her sister married 
the British General, Thomas Gage. 

1086. McCall Mrs., "copied from 

my painting. " Bust 1S30 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1S01-1S71. 77 


1087. McCall Mrs., "2nd copy 

from mj' picture. " Bust 1830 

1088. McCall Mrs., "for her son 

Peter." Bust 1839 

1089. McCall Mrs. Peter, "for P. 

McCall Esq." Head 184S 

1090. McCallester Miss. Kit-kat 1S17 

1091. McCallmont Mr. Kit-kat 1812 

1092. McCandless Mrs., "with 

hands." Bust 1837 

1093. McCauley Senr. Mr. "Cop- 

per-smith." Bust 1817 

1094. McCaw Doctor, " and lady 

separately." 12x10 1804 

1095. McClerg Walter. Miniature 1805 

1096. McClure Mr., "for the Acad- 

emy of Natur. Scs." Bust 1825 

William Maclure (1763-1840) was a Scotchman who came 
to this country and became an eminent naturalist and 
pioneer in American Geology. He was President of the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, from ISIS until 
deaths This portrait, which belongs to the Acad, of Nat- 
ural Sciences, was lithographed by Newsam. 

1097. McClure Mr. "Attorney of 

Pittsburg." Head 1S41 

1098. McClure Mrs., " of Pittsburg. 

formerly Collins. " Head 1841 

1099. McConnell Mrs., " and child. 

Poddy Savage." 30x25 1843 

1100. McCoy Mr., "from New 

Orleans." Bust ISIS 

78 Thomas Sully s Begister of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1101. McCrea Master, "full 

length." Half-length 1S16 

1102. McCrea Mrs., "of Camden 

for her sister." Head 1842 

1103. McDonald Mrs. Bust 1803 

1104. McDonald Mrs., "deceased. 

From a Daugerreotype." Kit-kat 1854 

1105. McDonough Com e ., "for 

State Delaware." Bust 1815 

Thomas Macdonough (1783-1825) was born in New Castle, 
Delaware, and entered the navy in 1800. He commanded 
the American fleet on Lake Champlain and on September 
11, 1814, won a decisive victory over the British fleet of 
superior force, for which he was promoted to a captaincy 
and awarded a gold medal by Congress. In the State 
Capitol at Dover, Delaware. 

1106. McDougal Gn. "A likeness 

from remembrance." Head 1811 

1107. McDougal Gordon, "for bis 

sister." Head 1829 

1108. McEuen Misses Mary and 

Emily. Half-length 1823 

1109. McEuen Mary, "for Mrs. 

Emily Smith sister." Head 1S26 

1110. McEuen Mr. Chars., "for 

Mrs. Smith— sister." Head 1826 

Charles McEuen (1801-1857) graduated Univ. of Penna., 
1821. Vide 52. 

1111. McGruder Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Johnston. " 30 x 25 1S52 

This name undoubtedly should be spelled "Magruder." 

1112. McIlvaine B. R. Head 1S33 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 79 


1113. McIlvaine Mrs. B. R., "of 

Kentucky, with foregoing 

forG. Mel." Head 1S33 

1114. McIlvaine Henry. Bust 1836 

11 15. McIlvaine Mrs. H., "de- 

ceased from Inman." Bust 1834 

1116. McIlvaine Mrs. H., "begun 

bylnman." Head 1835 

1117. McIlvaine Joseph, "for 

Princeton College." Head 1818 

1118. McIlvaine, "from a picture 

painted formerly." Bust 1827 

1119. McIlvaine Joseph, "for his 

mother." Head 1837 

Joseph McIlvaine (1768-1826) was born in Bristol, Pa., 
and died in Burlington, N. J. He succeeded Samuel L. 
Southard in the United States Senate in 1823, and was the 
father of Bishop Charles Pettit McIlvaine of Ohio. 

1120. McIlvaine Miss Ellen and 

Mary. Bust 1834 

1121. McKeane Mrs., "for the 

Marquis de Rugua." Bust 1819 

Sarah Armitage (1747-1820) married Thomas McKcan, 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Chief Justice 
and Governor of Penna., as his second wife, Sept. 3, 1774, 
and their daughter " Sally" married, April 10, 179S, the 
Marquis Casa dTrujo, for whom 1121 was painted. This 
portrait is undoubtedly the one owned by their grandson, 
the Duke of Sotomayor, in Madrid, attributed to Stuart, 
an ascription I doubted from a photograph sent to me 
by its present owner. It is evidently an interesting and 
fine picture by Sully. 

1122. McKenzie Mrs. Miniature 1804 

SO Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1123. McLain Dr., "for Coloniza- 

tion Soc. Portrait from a 

Photo." 24x20 18G5 

William McLain (1S06-1S73), a Presbyterian clergyman, in 
hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1124. McLaughlin Me. Frank. 30x25 1864 

1125. McLaughlin Mrs. Sally, 

" sister in law to Mc L." 30x25 1864 

1 126. McLauthg alen Mr. 25 x 30 1864 

1127. McLauthgalen Mrs. 25x30 1864 

112S. McLean Judge, "for S. 

Richards, Mayor. " Head 1831 

John McLean (17S5-1S61) was Postmaster General of the 
U. S., 1S23, and Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme 
Court, 1829 to 1S61. This portrait, which is owned by the 
Penna. Acad, of the Fine Arts, was engraved by W. G. 
Armstrong for the Nat. Port. Gallery and lithographed by 
A. Newsam. 

1129. McMical Mrs., "& child for 

her father Mr Shaw." 30 x 25 1866 

1130. McMurtrie James. Bust 180S 

James McMurtrie (1784-1854) was one of the earliest patrons 
of art in this country as well as an amateur painter of some 

1131. McMurtrie Mrs. James, " and 

child, whole length. " 54 x 45 1819 

Rebecca Mifflin Harrison (1791-1870), daughter of Matthias 
Aspden Harrison of Phila., m. James McMurtrie (1130), 
June 4, 1812. 

1132. Macfarland Mrs., "& her 

daughter." 30x25 1S49 

1133. Mackie Mr., "for E Hud- 

son." Bust 1817 

1134. Mackie Mrs., "for E Hud- 

son." Bust 1817 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 81 


1135. Macomb General, "for M. 

A. West Point." Bust 1829 

Alexander Macomb (17S2-1S11) entered the army as cornet 
of cavalry in 1799 and at the opening of the war of 1812 
had attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel of engineers, 
succeeding Jacob Brown (207) in 1S35 as commander in 
chief of the army. This portrait, which is at the Military 
Academy at West Point, has been engraved by J. B. Longacre 
for the Nat. Port. Gallery. 

1136. Madison J., "Presd. U. S. 

painted at length re- 
duced." Bust 1809 

This small whole length portrait of James Madison (1751— 
1836) was painted for David Edwin to engrave and is in 
the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. The price 
was $150, his highest price to this time. 

1137. Madison Ex Pres., "from 

Stuart for H S V." Bust 1S56 

Owned by Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va. 

1138. Madison Mrs., "deceased. 

From a Daugerreotype." Head 1857 

1139. Magruder Ellen, "daughter 

of Richard M." Bust 1S23 

1140. Magruder Ezekiah, "for his 

aunt." ' Bust 1S23 

1141. Malcolm Mr., "deceased 

from Miniature." Head 1S10 

A portrait of Angelica Malcolm (1792-1834), belonging to 
Mrs. George M. Coates of Philadelphia, is attributed to 
Sully as of about 1813. Her maiden and married names 
were the same. 

1142. Malcom Rev. Mr. Head 1S64 

Howard Malcom (1799-18 ) was a baptist divine born 
in Phila. and one of the founders of the American Tract 
Society and of the American Sunday School Union. 

82 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1143. Mallon Mrs. Bust 1812 

1144. Manigault Capt. Kit-kat 1814 

Gabriel Henry Manigault (1788-1834) of South Carolina 
served on the staff of his relative Gen. George Izard, in 
in the war of 1812, with the rank of Captain. 

1145. Manigault Mr. C. Kit-kat 1817 

Charles Manigault (1795-1874), brother of 1144, was a mer- 
chant and collected some fine pictures, including one by 
Romney and another by Vigee Le Brun of Malibran singing, 
which were inherited by his son Dr. Gabriel Edward Mani- 
gault of Charleston, S. C, who disposed of them in London 
for large prices. 

1146. Mansfield Col., "for West 

Point." Bust 1828 

Jared Mansfield (1759-1830) was professor of Natural 
Philosophy in the Military Academy, West Point, from 
1812 to 1818. 

1147. Markoe Mrs. Head 1835 

1148. Marshall L. R. "Presd 

Branch B. U. S. Nat- 
chez." Bust 1834 

1149. Marshall L. R. " Copy to be 

worked on by Tom." Bust 1834 

1150. Mason Honble John Y., 

" finished the Sketch. " Head 1847 

1151. Mason Judge, "Secy Navy 

U.S. For College Chapel 

Hill." Half-length 1S47 

John Young Mason (1799-1S59) was born in Virginia and 
graduated at the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill, in 1S16. He was made U. S. District Judge for Virginia 
and he was Secretary of the Navy under Presidents Tyler 
and Polk. At the time of his death he was U. S. Minister 
to France. 

1152. Mason Mr. Head 1S56 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. S3 


1153. Mason Mrs., "of Md. From 

a Daugerreotype. " Head 1856 

1154. Mason Mrs., "formerly Miss 

McGee." Head 1856 

1155. Mason Mrs., "& son. Chil- 

dren of Genl. Macomb." Kit-kat 1829 

1156. Mason Mrs. Emma, "late Miss 

Wheatly from a Photo- 
graph." Kit-kat 1854 

1157. Mason Mrs. Johnan, 

"painted at Boston." Head 1836 

1158. Matthews Mary. Miniature 1803 

1159. Matthews Mrs. "Sister to 

Mrs. Mallon." Bust 1812 

Sully's portrait of Mrs. Katharine Matthews is in the Metro- 
politan Museum of Art, N. Y. 

1160. May Judge. "Copy for Mrs 

Joynes." Bust 1S5S 

1161. May Judge, "from a photo- 

graph." Bust 1858 

1162. May Mr., "Mrs. T. Poultney's 

father. From a Photo- 
graph." Head 1S57 

1163. May Senr. Mr. Same., "at 

Boston for his son John." Head 1848 

1164. May Senr. Mrs., "for her 

son J May." Head 184S 

1165. May Mrs., "of Virginia." Bust 185S 

1166. May Mrs., "copy of forego- 

ing." Bust 1S5S 

1167. May Mrs. John, "for her 

husband." Head 1848 

84 Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1168. Mayer C. F. "Painted at 

Baltimore." Bust 1849 

1169. Maywood Mrs., "dress of 

Roman matron." Bust 1835 

1170. Mead Rev. Mr., "for Prince- 

ton College." Bust 1808 

William Meade (1789-1S62) was graduated at Princeton in 
1808 and in 1S29 was made Assistant P. E. Bishop of 
Virginia, becoming Bishop in 1841. 

1171. Meade Mrs. R., "for Mrs 

Levy." Kit-kat 1811 

Margaret Coates Butler, wife of Richard Worsam Meade 
and mother of General George Gordon Meade, the hero of 

1172. Meares Mrs., "& her son." Half-length 1813 

1173. Mease Dr., "for his son 

Pierce." Kit-kat 1834 

James Mease (1771-1846) was born in Philadelphia, where 
he was a prominent physician and author. " His son Pierce " 
changed his name to Butler and was the husbaud of 919-92S. 
The portrait is owned by the subject's grandson Rev. Alfred 
Elwyn (505), Philadelphia. 

1174. Megs Dr. Head 1S24 

Charles Delucina Meigs (1792-1S69), a prominent physician 
of Philadelphia and professor in the Jefferson Medical 
College from 1S41 to 1861. Vide 1215. Owned by grandson 
William M. Meigs, of Philadelphia. 

1175. Melanchton, "copied from 

Holbien for Brimmer. " 24 x 28 182$ 

Philip Melanthon (1497-1560), the German reformer famous 
as the colaborer of Martin Luther. 

1176. Mendelssohn, "one of a 

Series." Head 1863 

Moses Mendelssohn (1 729-1 7S6), a noted German musical 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 85 


1177. Menge Mr., "of James River 

Va. a copy." Bust 1832 

1178. Menge Mrs., "Mrs. Boiling's 

mother." Bust 1832 

Vide 172 and 174. 

1179. Mercer Miss, "deceased 

from a Daguerrotype. " 24 x 20 1848 

Margaret Mercer (1791-1816), daughter of John F. Mercer, 
Governor of Maryland, 1801-03. She reduced herself to 
poverty by liberating all of her slaves. In hall of Hist. 
Soc. of Penna. 

1180. Merredith Mrs. W. Bust 180S 

1181. Meredith Mrs., "outline for 

Tom to continue." Bust 1833 

1182. Meredith Wm., "Pred Schyl. 

Bank." Head 1S33 

William Tuckey Meredith (1772-1844) was born in Phila- 
delphia and admitted to the bar in 1795. He married 
Gertrude Gouverneur Ogden, a favorite niece of Gouv- 
erneur Morris. Father of Hon. William Morris Meredith. 
His portrait by Sully was engraved by John Sartain for 
Simpson's Eminent Philadelphians. 

1183. Meredith Wm., "for Mrs 

Ogden." Bust . 1S33 

1184. Merrefield Mrs. Jos., "for- 

merly Rebe Janey of Bal." 1S49 

Vide 869. 

1185. Meshert Junr. Mrs. Head 1S59 

Mary Ann McKenty (1822-1SS4) married Matthew Huizinga 
Messchert, son of Huizinga Messchert of Pliila. and grandson 
of Matthew Huizinga Messchert, of Rotterdam, Holland. 

1186. Meeschert Mrs. "The 1st 

portrait not approved." Head 1859 

(To be continued.) 

86 Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 


[The following letters of Gen. John Forbes, together with those of 
Col. Henry Bouquet we are printing, furnish interesting details relating 
to the march to and capture of Fort Duquesne, by Forbes' army. The 
original letters are in the Manuscript Department of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania.] 

(General Forbes to David Ross.) 

Shippensbukg 28 th Ausrust 1758 

I designd to have wrote you the other day when I sent 
Mr. Howell credit for the money paid into your hands over 
and above the £1500 Sterling allowed to be paid by Mr. 
Kilby, but I was so much out of order that I was not able. 

I am sorry that this transaction designed almost entirely 
for your behoof, and the earring on of the service, should 
have turned out so disagreeably, nor could I have imagined 
that you was to conceive either Governour Sharp's honour 
or your own so deeply concerned as to choose to go to 
Prison rather than return Mr. Howell that money, when a 
little reflection must have suggested to you that some mis- 
understanding or neglect had been the cause of Mr. Howell's 
redemanding it, which a letter to me must have cleared -up 

As the neglect was mine I hope you have now got the 
money, I am therefore now to acquaint you in order to pre- 
vent misunderstandings betwixt Governour Sharp and me 
that you are not to pay away that whole sum untill that 
you hear farther from Govern' Sharp, as this money ad- 
vanced by me is designed as a Generall aid to diminish the 
debts due by and to, the Maryland troops, and for the carry- 
ing on of the service, and not at all designed to the paying 
of any particular debt due in this manner, I mean transport- 
ing provisions, officers or mens pay, hospitals &c" because, 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1158. 87 

before those can be fully cleared the Accounts and the 
Vouchers must be properly examined and found relavant. 

So therefore I would not have you use above £500 of the 
above sum untill that you hear farther from me or the 
Governour, and that only to stop the mouths of poor people 
who may be in want, the rest of the sum remaing in your 
hands accountable for it to me. 

I hope to see the Governour in a few days when all this 
will be easily adjusted I am Sir 

Tour most obed fc k 

Most humb le Servt 


(General Forbes to Richard Peters.) 

Shippensburg 2S August [1758]. 

I wrote you by Mr Ennis the Express two days ago, and 
have little to add, only my distemper begins to abate. 

I know that your Coffee house people will make their 
remarks very freely why I do not proceed but they must 
talk; altho' I must take my own way. But the great 
reason is, the horrible roguery, and rascality in the Country 
people, who did not at all fulfill their Contracts and agree- 
ments, neither in Carriages nor Horses. For in the place 
of Carrying 2000 w* they never had above 14 or 1500, 
and in place of 12 days made 20 of their Journeys by which 
our magzines were dissapointed and our daily consumption 
at Raestown must have fallen upon them [the Magazines] 
had I pushed forward the troops. 

Everything that depended upon the troops has succeeded 
to admiration, and we have got intirely the better of that 
impossible road, over the Alleganey mountain k Laurel] 
ridge, so we are ready to take the very first favourable 
opportunity (if not with the whole) at least of visiting the 
Enemy with pretty large detachments. So that now my 
advancing will again depend upon the honesty of the In- 
habitants by their furnishing proper or improper Carriages, 

8S Letters of General John Forbes, 1158. 

and which I beg yon will make known to every body, as 
the troops are in great spirits, but I must not lead them to 
fall a sacrafice to want or Famine, and the price I pay and 
the treatment the Waggoners and horses meet with, de- 
serves a better return from the Inhabitants, than they have 
as yet shown, for which their Country may suffer severely 
in the End. 

I hope we have chaced off the Enemy Indians from this 
neighbourhood, having had 300 Highlanders with all the 
best woodsmen out these 3 days, night and day, but never 
could have the Good fortune of falling on with any of them. 

Two of the Indians fired upon the Head of a party of 
ours of 80 men, yet notwithstanding they were Instantane- 
ously pursued they gott away. The whole Country has 
been in a pannick but begin again to revive. They are a 
sett of helpless heartless mortalls. 

Col Byrd writes me from Fort Cumberland that a large 
party of Enemy Indians have been in that neighbourhood, 
and that Cap' Bullen and Cap' French who had just brought 
50 Catawbas to our assistance, coming from Winchester, 
would go before the party when they come near Fort Cum- 
berland, by which means they were attacked by 9 Indians, 
killed, and scalped within a mile of the Fort. This is a 
very great loss, as Bullen had proved himself a sincere 
friend to us. 

A party of ours have returned from the* Ohio with two 
scalps which I shall endeavour to get you, they were within 
a half mile of Fort Duquesne, but do not say anything extra- 
ordinary, only thinks there were about 50 Tents near the 
Fort and reckons there may be as many Indians there as 
tents, and a Garrison of 3 or 400 men. 

But as this is all Conjecture, and that hitherto in spite of 
all the partys I have sent out, I can learn nothing that is to 
be depended upon, I must therefore beg that Andrew Mon- 
tour may be forthwith employed in getting me Intelligence 
of the Enemys Strength in those parts, by going himself, 
as likewise sending 2 or 3 trusty hands to pick up what 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. SO 

they can learn, as to the number of the French Canadians 
or Indians there at present, or expected, wether they have 
thrown up any Entrenchments before the Fort betwixt the 
Ohio and Monongahela. What they have built lately either 
at the Fort or tother side of the river. What Guns they 
mount in the Fort, wether they send out partys from the 
Fort during the day or night to reconnoitre the Environs. 
How many men mount Guard daily, kc kc and the dispo- 
sition of the Indians. These spies may return to our ad- 
vanced post 9 miles forward from Loyall Hannon on the 
other side of the Chestnut ridge of Mountains and about 40 
miles from Fort Du Quesne. They may make themselves 
known by wearing yellow Fillets about their heads and 
Arms, and waving of their matchcoats upon a long pole. 

I am in want of spying Glasses to send out with my 
partys so pray buy for me two or three good ones, and send 
up by the very first Express. Let Mr. Croghan send out 
people likewise with the same directions, and I shall be 
very glad to see him after your Congress, which I hope still 
goes forward and will produce something. I should be 
glad to know if they were Delawares, that was here the 
other day. I dare say everything will be said to bring the 
Indians to see their own Interest, and to abandon the French, 
and I fancy any demands that they have to make will be so 
moderate, as to be asily comply ed with, and doubt not but 
many of their young men may be induced to join me, In 
which case Mr. Croghan would do a signall ' service in con- 
ducting them safe to me. Let Mr West purchase 50 lib. 
weight of Vermillion, and send it off, with the first waggons 
that come up from Mr. Howell, with proper directions. I 
have broke my little Barometer, I wish you could purchase 
me another and send it me up safe. 

Hambies & Teedyuscungs son goes down to Easttown to 
persuade their friends to come and join me, I wish they 
may be sincere so pray let them be watched narrowly. 

I hope the Province will make no difficulty, as to the 
Expence of this meeting, as it will be a most monsterous 

90 Letters of General Jolni Forbes, 17 5S. 

reflection upon them if they do, and they never after can 
either look for, or expect the favour or protection of Great 

I stand greatly in need of a few prunes by way of Laxa- 
tive, if any fresh are lately arrived a few pounds will be a 
great blessing, or a pound 2 or 3 of such fine raisins as 
Mr Allen's were, as I eat nothing. 

I expect all the news of Louisburgh so dont baulk me — 
I am D r Sir most sincerely yrs &c &c 


(General Forbes' Instructions to Major Shippen.) 

Major Shippen, You are to order the 2 new Levyed Com- 

panys of to march without loss of time to strengthen 

the Garrison of Fort Augusta leaving one Ofhcer and 30 
Men at Fort Hunter. 

All the rest of the new levyed Companys are to march to- 
wards Lancaster and so up to Carlisle, where they will have 
tents provided for them. 

The Arms and camp necessarys for those Companys levyed 
up the Country, ought to be sent to Lancaster or Carlisle, 
as those towns lyes most contiguous to the Companys. 
You are to wait upon S r John St Clair if he is at Carlisle, 
who will give you hi3 orders about the marching up of 
these companys to the Camp at Carlisle, From whence a 
Detatchment equall to the Garrisons of the Forts may be 
made from the whole, and the companys now there may be 
brought on to join the army. 

(General Forbes to Governor Sharp.) 

_ Raestowx 16 lh Septcm r 1758 

Dear Sir 

I received your letter from Fort Cumberland "at Juniata 

last night, and that I might answer it more exactly brought 

your officer on here this day, where I now find there has a 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 91 

transport gone from here this morning for Fort Cumber- 
land with provisions which will serve in the meantime 
untill Mr Rutherford arrives; what I was to do with regard 
to spirits I could not well say, imagining they could he 
bought as reasonable and cheap at Fort Cumberland as they 
could be sent from this, but now being informed of the 
contrary I have ordered two hogsheads to be sent off directly, 
which will give me time to look about me for a day or two 
and draw Breath, being at this present moment in bed 
wearied like a doer. 

I have the most laconic letter from Dr. Ross that ever 
was wrote to a Gentleman where £1500. was concerned, 
consisting of these words, " Sir I have received yours and 
shall report to Gov r Sharp. I am Sir " — In a day or two 
I hope to write you more fully upon several other things. 
In the meantime I am very sincerely 

Yr most obed* & 
Most hum le Serv 1 


P. S. If spirits can be purchased reasonable at Fort Cum- 
berland, I dont see why we should be obliged to send them 
from this. Mr St. Clair is just now come in and informs 
me that the transport of provisions above mentioned, did 
not proceed as I have said — However as there is an Express 
gone to Winchester to Mr. Rutherford to hasten him up, I 
hope you will be able to make a shift untill that he arrives 
or that I can send you a fresh supply, which shall be the 
first thing I shall take care of when any comes to this place, 
and that expect tomorrow or the day after 

(General Forbes to Richard Peters.) 


I have been of late but a bad correspondent as I could 
only write of multiplicity of grievances crowding upon the 
back of one another, all dismall to look at, yet by patience 
and perseverance, to be in some measure surmounted or 

92 Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 

alleviate. This I hope in God I have done, and trust 
greatly that from the same principles I shall be able to ac- 
complish what jet remains. 

I wish sincerely your treaty could have been brought 
about a little earlier, from whence wee might have drawn 
some powerfull helps this very Campaign, but I never repine 
at what cannot be remedyed, and I am this moment flatter- 
ing myself that from the joint endeavours of all with you, 
the dropping of foolish trifles, some measures will be taken 
with those ori^inale Inhabitants as to strengthen ourselves 
and diminish our Ennernys Influence with them in those 
parts for if it is as I see things giving up sometimes a little 
in the beginning will procure you a great deal in the end. 

Frederick Post has been here some time, I think he has 
execute the Commission he was sent upon, w tb ability and 
Fidelity, and deserves a proper reward. The two people 
who reconducted him here, deserve likewise of any Govern- 
ment, but I think if what he says of Daniell be true that he 
deserves no countenance. I do not know whether the pro- 
vince will defray those charges, but they certainly ought as 
they may reap the profitts, I have no kind of judgment what 
Post deserves. I have ordered him fifteen pounds in the 
mean time I send him to you by this Express, that he and 
his two Conductors may be sent directly back with proper 
Messages (as the Governor shall direct) to the Ohio Indians 
to retire directly, as the season will adrnitt of no delay. 

Pray make my excuse to Mr. Croghan for not answering 
his letter, but I approve of his measures and proposall of 
joining me, which I wish he would do without the loss of 
one moment of time, as now that I have everything in ready- 
ness at Loyall Hannon, I only want a few dry days to carry 
me to the Ohio Banks, where I hope our operations will not 
be long, so send me back the express that carrys this, with 
all diligence and let Mr. Croghan write me the day that he 
intends setting out, with his route, and when I may expect 
him here, with the number that he expects to accompany 
him, Dispatch at present is absolutely necessary, so I 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 03 

should think he can dispense without seeing the end of 
your Congress. 

Most of the Indians that have been preying upon us all 
year, have after getting all they possibly could expect, left 
us, and the few remaining were just agoing home in spite 
of every kind of means used to prevent them, when the 
little Carpenter arrived at this Camp with about GO good 
Warriors, But he is as consummate a Dog as any of them, 
only seeing our distress, has made him exceed all others in 
his most avaricious demands, There is no help for those 
criticall minutes, and after foolishly laying out many thou- 
sands of pounds, I judged it would be wrong policy to lose 
him and all the rest for a few hundreds more. 

Upon the 12 th in the morning the French from Fort Du 
Quesne having a mind to repay Major Grants visit came to 
drive us away from our advanced post at Loyall Harmon 
destroy our Magazin, Bullocks, Carriages &ce. They con- 
sisted of a body of 900 French and Canadians and two 
Hundred of those Friends, you are now treating with, they 
had gott within five miles of the post, and proposed attack- 
ing all the out post and Guards next morning, but being 
discovered they resolutely attempted to storm the Breast 
work thrown up about the Camp — accordingly fell a tiring 
and Hallooing in order to bring out detachments, by which 
they proposed entering the Breastwork pell mell with them 
when routed. The 60 Maryland Volunteers went out and 
attacked them with vigour and Courage; but overpowered, 
Col. Burd who commanded sent a strong detatchment of the 
1st Pensylvania Reg 1 to sustain them, but they being like- 
wise repulsed a third detatchment of the Virginians &c, 
went out to bring the other off, which they did by retreat- 
ing to the Breastwork. The Ennemy followed closs to the 
edge of the Wood where they were stopt by the Grape shot 
from our Cannon and the shells of the Coehorns and llow- 
bitzers, however they continued fifeing upon the breast 
work from eleven to three in the afternoon without any 
Considerable loss on our side, they then retreated a little, 

94 Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 

and carried away their dead and wounded in which they 
were favoured by the lying of the Ground, and then 
marched five miles off. Wee saved all our live Cattle, but 
the officers horses are either carried away or a missing. 
Two Maryland officers are killed and about 60 of our men 
are missing altho wee cannot believe them killed having 
only found six bodys, one officer of the Train wounded, 
wch is all our loss. That of the Ennemy wee cannot ascer- 
tain, altho it must neads be Considerable considering the 
advantages wee fought with against them, a Breast work & 
Cannon — I fancy they will not visit soon again and it has 
put all the Waggoners in such spirits that a single waggon 
will go now without one escorte, but these cursed Rains 
upon our new roads in clay soils and everything upon 
wheels, has at present renderd the Laurell Hill quite im- 
passable so wee must wait some dry days to be able to go 
forward. God grant them soon — 

I think Mr. Croghan might send a trusty man or two or 
three towards Venango, in a direct Road from you, who by 
coming down the Ohio might come over and join us at 
Loyal Hannon with what intelligence of the Reinforcements 
lately gone to the French they could pick up, and what 
tribes of Indians are still with them which sure can not be 
many now as I am sure they are scarce of provisions. Pray 
make my apology to Gov r Denny for not writing him, being 
still extreamly bad that is to say, weak, and my Complim ts 
to him and Gov r Bernard, to whose negotiations, I sincerely 
wish success, and hope they cannot fail, send me all your 
news by the express and believe me Sir very sincerely 

Yr most ob l hum 10 Serv' 


Raystown Camp 
October 16 th 

Pray heartily for fair weather and dispatch of Business — 
But what absurd mortall made your Assembly settle the 
price of tranporting provisions this length and no further — 
This length the Waggons do come & finer horses and 

Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 95 

"Waggons I never saw, each bringing at least 2000 Weight 
with ease, but one foot further they will not move, so I arn 
drove to the necessity of persuading them to move forward 
in the military way, but still paying them in proportion, or 
leaving the price to their Assembly — I am quite tyred. 
Adieu. I have sent home your books. 

(General Forbes to Col. Emd.) 
JfKON j 

New Camp 20 miles ) 19 th November 17 58 

west of Loyal Han: 

[Torn] astonished and amazed upon [torn] and villa- 
nous desertion of [torn] of the methods he had used [torn] 
from our assistance at so very criticall a time, He has often 
told us in publick that his nation were going to make warr 
against the Virginians & His Majesty's subjects. I there- 
fore thought him a good pledge in our hands to prevent 
that, and consequently the whole of them, were indulged 
in every extravagant, avaricious demand that they made. 
But seeing that those who have thus deserted and aban- 
doned us, w^ith all the asrsrravatinc: circumstances attending 
their desertion, are preludes to what we may expect from 
them, I therefore desire that upon receipt of this you will 
instantly dispatch an express to the Commanding officer at 
Ixaystown who is to send one to ^Winchester & Fort Cumber- 
land in case that he, the Carpenter & his Followers should 
have already past Raystown, and notice ought to be sent to 
fort Loudoun likewise with my orders which are that hav- 
ing under the Cloak of Friendship robbed us these severall 
months, But that now having discovered themselves our pri- 
vate Ennemies, and having turned the Arms putt into their 
hands by us against his Majestys subjects, which the former 
party s have already done, That therefore prudence and self 
preservation oblidged us to require of them the returning 
of their Arms and ammunition, directly, as likewise the 
horses that were furnished them to accompany us to warr 

96 Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 

That as their Blanketts Shirts Silver truck are not of that 
consequence, therefore the peremptory stripping off them 
need not [torn] But I insist upon the Inhabitants [torn] 
— Chester making them do [torn] and horses, which is but 
[torn] fellow subjects of the [torn] through, where no doubt 
they would committ all sort of Outrage, so that it will be 
necessary to send a sufficient escorte along with them, allow- 
ing of them a sufficiency of provisions and no more, so that 
the Cherokee nation may see plainly they will have nothing 
to complain off but the baseness and perfidy of those whom 
they have sent amongst us as friends for these seven months 
by past. 

The Garrison of Fort Cumberland is strong enough to 
compell them to deliver up their Arms, so let a Copy of 
this my letter be sent to the Commanding officer who is to 
make use of all the fair means in his power, before he takes 
their arms from them. Raystown they are to do the same. 

But as the Garrison of Fort Loudoun is perhaps too weak 
either to refuse them their presents, or make them deliver 
up their Arms, I desire therefore that in case they take that 
way, that Major Wells march directly himself with a suffi- 
cient force from Raystown to Fort Loudoun to execute this, 
which you and all Concerned are always first to try by 
Gentle methods, before that rougher ones be made use off 
— As it is impossible any of your Garrison can overtake 
them before they reach Raystown, I therefore desire no time 
may be lost in sending copys of my letter and directions to 
Raystown, to be forthwith transmitted by Major Wells if 
they are passed to Forts Loudouu, Cumberland and Win- 
chester by expresses [torn] Mr. Smith [torn] Interpreter 
ought to be sent after them, to serve to explain matters 
and prevent as far as can be the bad Consequences of them 
going home through Virginia and north Carolina arm'd — 
for which purpose this letter is wrote as Virginia has already 
suffered. I am S r 

Yr most ob l hum. Serv', 


Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 97 

(General Forbes to Gov 1- Denny.) 

Fort DuQuESNe now Pittsburg 
_ 26* November 1758 


I have the pleasure and honour of acquainting you with 
the Signal success of His Majesty's Troops over all his 
Enemies on the Ohio, by having obliged them to burn and 
abandon their Fort DuQuesne which they effectuated upon 
the 24 th instant, And of which I took possession with my 
little Army, the next day, the Enemy having made their 
Escape down the Hirer part in Boats and part by Land to 
their Forts and settlements on the J\Iississij)pi y being abandoned 
or at least not seconded b} T their Friends the Indians whom 
we had previously engaged to act a neutral part, and who 
now seem all willing and ready to embrace His Majesty's 
most gracious protection. 

So give me leave to congratulate you upon this important 
event of having totally expelled the French from their Fort 
and this prodigious tract of fine Country and of having in a 
manner reconciled the various tribes of Indians inhabiting 
it to His Majesty's Government. 

I have not time to give you a detail of our proceedings 
and approaches towards the Enemy, or of the hardships 
and difficulties that we necessarily met with, all that will 
soon come out, but I assure you after reviewing the Ground 
and Fort I have great reason to be most thankful for the 
part that the French have acted. 

As the conquest of this Country is of the greatest Conse- 
quence to the adjacent provinces by securing the Indians 
our real Friends for their own advantage, I have therefore 
sent for their head people to come to me, when I think in 
a few Words and few days to make every thing easy. I 
shall then set out to kiss your hands, if I have strength 
enough left to carry me through the Journey. 

I shall be obliged to leave about 200 Men of your pro- 
vincial troops to join a proportion of Virginia and Mary- 
landers in order to protect this Country during Winter, by 

98 Letters of General John Forbes, 1758. 

which time I hope the provinces will be so sensible of the 
great benefit of this new Acquisition as to enable me to fix 
this noble fine Country, to all perpetuaty under the Domin- 
ion of Great Britian. 

I beg the Barracks may be put in good repair and proper 
lodging for the Officers, and that you will send me with the 
greatest dispatch your Opinion how I am to dispose of the 
rest of your provincial Troops, for the ease and convenience of 
the province aiid the Inhabitants. — You must also remember 
that Colonel Montgomery's Battalion of 1300 Men k four 
companies of Royal Americans, are after so long and tedious 
a Campaign to be taken care of in some Comfortable 
"Winter Quarters. 

I kiss all your hands and natter myself that if I get to 
Philadelphia, under your cares and good Companys I shall 
yet run a good chance of reestablishing a health that I run 
the risque of ruining to give your province all the satisfac- 
tion in the power of my weak abilities. 

I am Sir 

with o^reat esteem and regard 
Your most obedient 

humble servant 
Jo: Forbes 

Beinck-e's Journal, 1745. 99 


[The journalist, Rev. Abraham Reincke, was born 1712, in Stock- 
holm, Sweden, finished his education at the University at Jena, and 
shortly after entered the ministry of the Moravian Church. In 1 744, he 
was sent to Pennsylvania, and for a time preached to the descendants of 
the Swedish settlers along the Delaware in West Jersey. After serving 
in the ministry for twenty-two years, he died at Bethlehem, April 7, 
1760. His companion on this journey was Joachim Senseman.] 

March 26. — We left Bethlehem to day, and after dinner, 
in crossing a creek, we both slipped in and were thoroughly 
soaked. At night we lodged with an old Switzer and his 

March 27. — Set out early in the morning, in the midst of 
a heavy rain, and at dusk, reached Germantown, where we 
were entertained by John Bechtel and family. 

March 28. — Early this morning came in to Philadelphia, 
and called on Charles Brockden. In the evening took part 
in the services in the Moravian Church. 

March 29.— With [Daniel] jSTeubert, [Gustavus] Hesselius 
and [John] Herrenbom, we went to the ferry to cross over 
to ye Jerseys. At Peter Rambo's house we were kindly 

March 30. — Eode to John Johnson's, who with his wife, 
entertained us hospitably. 

March 31 {Sunday) We all rode to Thomas Dennys, in 

whose house we are to keep a service. About 11 o'clock 
the meeting began, many people having been gathered, and 
Bro. Beincke spoke on the text: " I ask therefore, for what 
intent ye have sent for me ?" A. Tlopmann, clerk ot^ Racoon, 
is my friend, clerk, and Psalm-setter. After the service, 

100 Reincke's Journal, 1745. 

visited Matthew Gill, an awakened Irishman, who wants to 
send his children to our school. 

April 1. — Came to Andreas Holsteins, who directed us on 
the way to Gerred van Nimmen's, who is one of the princi- 
pal men among the Swedes in Penn's Xeck. 

April 9. — John van Ximmen and his son, went with us to 
the Church at Penn's Xeck, seven miles distant. Before 
preaching my Swedish sermon, Mr. Tranberg and wife ar- 
rived from Wilmington, and 1 was subsequently introduced 
to him. While we were speaking together, a man beg'd me 
to baptize his child, but I declined and prayed Mr. Tran- 
berg to comply — at first he declined, but finally yielded to 
my request. Before the English Sermon, I could have sung 
a Psalm out of their Book of Common Prayer, but was un- 
acquainted with the tunes, when Mr. Tranberg offered and 
acted as my clerk. It is the desire of the people of Penn's 
Xeck that I shall preach to them, and Mr. Tranberg has 
given his free concent. Van Ximmen's family is very num- 
erous and live in the neighborhood — the emigrant was from 
Holland; the Gracebergs, an Irish family, also live nearby. 

April 3-4-. — We set out early this morning with Andreas 
Holstein,for Morris River, 40 miles from Paccoon. About 
13 miles on the other side of the river, came to an English 
family by the name of Campbell. He begged me to come 
and preach to the English who live in bis neighborhood, 
who are attached to the Church of England but have no 
preacher. A Baptist minister from Cape May, sometimes 
preaches among them. In the evening came to old George 
Keens', who has one son Eric, who with his family lives 
with him. Old George, who is a widower, and desires to 
marry a widow of about fifty years old, asked me to pub- 
lish the bans in Raccoon, Perm's Xeck and Morris River, 
and when I return to perform the ceremony. 

April 5. — In company with George Kaon visited in the 
neighborhood — Xicholas Hoffman and his wife Catharine 

Reincke's Journal, 111 { 5. 101 

were very agreeable. From Hoffman's crossed the creek to 
the Church, some years ago begun by the Moravians. It 
stands on a hill, not far from Morris River, very con- 
veniently located for all the people ; two acres of land be- 
long to it. From thence we went to old John Hopmann's, 
who looks like an Indian, and met there his wife, and the 
wife of William Cobb ; next to Joseph and Abraham John- 

April 7 (Sunday). — About 11 o'clock more people as- 
sembled than expected, and I preached in George Keen's 
house, first in Swedish, and later in English. Baptized in 
fant son of Eric and Catherine Keen. Samuel Issard, a New 
Light, and many Germans, who burn tar, were present from 

April 8. — Resumed our visits and came first to Samuel 
Cobb's, who married a daughter of George Keen; thence to 
Nicholas and Catherine Hopmann's, where we met Lucas 
Petersen, and to John Hopmann's. I found in this country 
scarcely one genuine Swede left, the most of them are either 
in part or in whole on one side or other descended from 
English or Dutch parents, some of them have had a Dutch, 
German or English father, others a Swedish mother, and 
others a Dutch or English mother and a Swedish father. 
Many of them can just recollect that their grand-fathers or 
mothers were Swedish. In general there is such confusion 
in their lineage, that they themselves can't tell, if they spring 
from English or Dutch, Swedish or German parents. The 
English are evidently swallowing up the people and the 
Swedish language is so corrupted, that if I did not know the 
English, it would be impossible to understand the language 
of my dear Sweden. 

April 9. — This morning I preached in the Swedish lan- 
guage, and later in English, and prepared for my return home. 

April 10. — After taking leave of my friends, I started on 
my journey homeward. 

102 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 



(Continued from vol. xxxii, page 457.) 
(Instructions from Col. Bouquet.) 

Instructions for Edward Shippen, Esq. 

You are hereby required to pay out of the money actually 
in your hands or out of the Sums which will hereafter be 
paid to you for His Majesties Service all the orders from 
General Stanwix & all my Draughts not exceeding said sums 
for the present you will be pleased to answer the Draughts 
of Cap. Hambright to the amount of Two Thousand pounds 
Currency to be employed by him in purchasing waggon 
horses not exceeding seven hundred pounds at a time and 
to account with him regularly upon his producing the 
Horses to you with the Certificates of the Price paid for 
each allowing to said Captain Hambright twenty Shillings 
Currency for each horse over and above the Price of the 
Horse and just Expences to bring him to Lancaster. You 
are also to pay unto Messieurs Barr & Slough the Price ot 
Six Thousand bushels of Oats not exceeding two shillings f> 
bushel and to pay the necessary charge of a clerk to receive 
and deliver it, & of Storage. 

Mr. Armour has also Credit upon you for y e amount of 
Three Thousand bushels of oats at the same price. 

Lieutenant Kern has credit for two Thousand bushels of 
Oats not exceeding twenty pence ^ bushel. 

You are also desired to pay four pounds in advance to 
every owner who enters his Waggon in the service to be 
deducted out of his pay when you settle his acct. 

The Waggon Masters are to receive Ten Shillings Cur- 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 103 

rency ^ day including their horse3 and Benjamin Price 
[wagonmaster] Ten Shillings Sterling ^ day. 

You will be pleased to pay for all y e Oats, Spelts and Eye 
bought by several people and sent to the Kings Stores not 
exceeding Twelve Thousand Bushels all included till fur- 
ther orders. 

The Receipts of the above Gentlemen or others concerned 
with their Vouchers will be your sufficient warrant. Be- 
sides the sum of One Thousand & Seventy three pounds, 
seventeen Shillings Currency paid to you and Two hundred 
and fifty pounds which you are to receive of Bernard Hub- 
ley, I give you a Credit of Two Thousand, One hundred 
and eighteen pounds and eight pence Half peney upon John 
Nelson of Philadelphia, payable at sight on your order. 
Lancaster 15 May, 1759 Henry Bouquet 

D. A. General. 

In Consideration of the Trouble and Expenses attending the 
Payment of Money, Keeping accounts and collecting the 
Waggons, &c. Brigadier General Stanwix allows you to 
Charge in your account two and a half ^ cent Commission 
upon all sums paid by you for the Carriage of the County 
of Lancaster during the ensuing Campaign to the Westward. 
Given under my hand at Lancaster the 22 d June 

Henry Bouquet 

d. a. a 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

Carlisle 26 th June, 1759 
Dear Sir 

I arrived here yesterday morning & found our stores very 
thin, Therefore must desire you to load at Lancaster aa 
many Waggons as you can with flour, & even take what 
Scott may have ready, as we would not have enough here 
to load all our Waggons, were they to come. 

Mr Shippen will get from the Contractors agent a Receipt 

3 01- Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

for the quantity of Hour carried for them to Carlisle to 
charge them afterwards with the Carriage. 

If some of the Waggons can load a sufficient quantity of 
their own forrage to serve them two or three trips to Bed- 
ford, they must he excused from taking flour, But all those 
who have room left must load as much as they can. 

Mr. [Adam] Hoops [Commissary] must not depend upon 
Scotts, Steven sons or Leshers Contracts. I see little or 
nothing done hv them : If our contracted Waggons are not 
sufficient to carry his flour, He must procure some himself. 

I have Intelligence that the French had 300 men and 200 
Indians at Venango, & expected more with an Intention to 
act offensively ; We must now exert ourselves to the utmost 
to form the Magazines, all methods he taken at once to 
procure Waggons. 

This little County rated at 30 has really 40 Waggons in 
the service k Byers expects 20 more. The County of York 
shall he impressed immediately 

There is only 377 stands of arms here; therefore be 
pleased to arm all the Troops coming this way at Lancaster 
& send with the first Waggons the rest of the Tents. 

Capt Gordon's stores are not to be mixed with other 
goods, but sent by themselves as soon as possible. 

I shall perhaps have the Pleasure to see you again at Lan- 
caster to meet the General ; 

Be so good to collect all your Recruiting Parties and 
send them to this Place, I willforward them up the Coun- 
try to form your Batt. as you desired. 

My Compliments to M r Shippen (to whom please to com- 
municate this) & to your Ladies. 

I am 
Dear Colonel 
If you see Mr. Hoops desire Your most obedient 

him to send Bullocks im- hble servant 

mediately, In Spite of all my Henry Bouquet. 

Recommendations on that head, 
we are eternallv in Want. 

Correspondence of Col. Henri/ Bouquet. 105 

(Colonel Bouquet to Colonel Bur J.) 

Carlisle, 27 th June 1750 Evening. 

I received this Instant My Dear Colonel yours of the 25 th 
in which you ask my opinion about sending the Waggons 
scattered as they are pleased to come, on acct. of the heavy 
charge of paying Drivers a long time before the Brigades 
can be ready. 

I am sensible that it is a hardship, and if it could be re- 
moved I should be glad of it. But you know as well as 
myself that order & method are the soul of everything, & 
chieffly necessary in the management of public affairs. 

These Wagons will go without Waggon Masters if they 
commit any disorder who shall be answerable for it; If their 
Horses are lost or any accident happens, we must either 
take their word for it or displease them. 

"What Calculation & dependancy can we make & have 
upon People who are under no other Eule but their own 
Whims ; at times the Roads may be incumbred with Wag- 
gons, at others nothing will come to us. 

If you could get 15 or 20 of such Waggons ready to set 
out at once, no matter where they belong to, you could dis- 
patch them under the care of a W^aggon master, But I 
foresee nothing but Confusion when we shall be [illegible] 
of any other method: As you cannot stay longer at Lan- 
caster than the General and considering the State of Health 
of Mr Shippen, the Extent of the County & the bad dispo- 
sition of the People, which will oblige to take every Tripp 
the same Trouble to raise the Waggons, I think that no 
man alone is equal to the Task. Therefore I would propose 
to Mr. Shippen to associate himself a man of interest & 
activity to take off his hands the Riding Part & assist him 
in every other Branch which appears to me the more neces- 
sary as Besides his own Current affairs We must give him 
the Trouble to receive & pay money to all his Neighbors, 
which must of course confine him often at home & take too 
much of his time: But this I leave entirely to yours & his 

106 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

own discussion k Choice. Hoops writes me that the Coun- 
ties of Philad* & Northampton k Bucks have raised their 
Waggons. This County upon which we had no dependency 

furnishes double the number required; Will it not be an 
eternal shame &z scandal that Lancaster where we do not 
ask above the 10 th AVaggou should disapoint us to that 
degree ? 

I do not know what measures the General will take, 
But if he ask my sentiment, I would not move a step with 
the Troops till I had every Waggon wanted & the Troops 
should be sent back to impress every Horse in Chester, 
Berks, York & Lancaster Counties. I suppose that military 
Execution would make the magistrates sensible of the 
necessity of furnishing their moderate Quotas. 

It is evident if we march without magazines & carriages 
that we go to certain ruin & destruction, & I cannot see how 
we could be justified having the Right to impress and an 
army to support it if we did make no use of such means in 
our Hands. 

The Companies at Lancaster ought not to be removed 
till the General comes up & gives his orders, and if the 
Commissioners refuse to subsist them there, (a3 I think 
they have a right to do) They must be victualed from the 
King's Stores. 

I shall be glad to know what success they have had in 
the 3 Townships, I expect little or none. I see an abso- 
lute necessitv for me to 2:0 back before you leave Lancaster, 
to advise with you upon the best method to ascertain the 
continuation of Carriage for the Campaign. 

I have yet no answer from York, or Berks, tho' I wrote 
twice to Conrad Weiser, Please to send him an Express to 
know what he is doin^. I am vexed out of my senses bv 
the Plague of the new Levies : My compliments to Mr. 
Shippen & the family. 

I am entirely My dear Sir 
Henry Bouquet 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 107 

(Colonel Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Carlisle 19 th July 1759 
Dear Sir 

If you have seen a round Tin Case to carry White Paper, 
which Col. Burd had made at Lancaster, I shall be obliged 
to you to order such a one for me, & send it by the first 
opportunity or Express. 

We set out tomorrow for your Town. Your Children 
are well. I hope you are so. My best Compliments to the 
family. I wish you success and plenty of Waggons We 
shall want a good deal of forrage, but don't buy any more 
than you can conveniently load upon Empty Waggons ; 
about 12000 Bushells till further orders must be bought 
after harvest. 

I am 

My dear Sir 

Your most obecV hble servant 
Please to forward the Henry Bouquet 

Inclose, if no opportunity 
offers for Reading in 3 days, 
send it by Express. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford, 1 st August 1759 
Dear Sir 

The First Brigade from Lancaster having disapointed us 
for the time of setting out, I am afraid the other will follow 
the Example and I shall be obliged to you to let me know 
what dependancy we may have on them, as the service 
would be entirely ruined, if we had not every Waggon as- 
sessed, and each making at least three Trips during the 
Campaign . 

The little forrage we had beino; near out, I bes: vou will 
immediately purchase the 12000 Bushells mention'd in my 
last, and, any quantity more <that may be asked by M* Sin- 

108 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

clair and send it by the first Waggons — as soon as oats are 
reaped you will please to buy as much as Mr. Sinclair will 
desire you and besides Bar and Slough already employed 
you may add as many more as will be wanted to collect said 

I have given a new Credit upon you to Capt. Ilambright 
to raise Drivers, and purchase, if possible, 30 Waggons & 
Horses compleatly equipped for the Expedition, for which 
you will please to pay him the money. 

I have received his Accounts, all is right, Col. Burd & 
your son are well. I suppose you will have a Letter from 
them today. Xo news from above, we are still detained 
for want of Carriages. 

I am Dear Sir 
Your most obed* hble serv* 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippeii of Lancaster.) 

-^ Fort Bedford, 7 th August 1759 

Dear Sir : - 

I have the Pleasure to inform you that the French have 
evacuated & burnt their Forts at Venango Beef River and 
Priskisle [Presque Isle] and retreated to Fort Detroit, so 
that we have no other Ennemys for the present than the 
People who refuse to furnish their Waggons to enable us 
to build the Fort at Pittsburgh and secure that fine Country. 

I broke this morning the glass of my watch which I beg 
you will get repaired by Mr Ray at Lancaster and cleaned. 

I never received the shoes &c given to Capt. Ilambright. 
My Respects to your Ladies 

I am Dear Sir 
Your most obed 1 hble Serv 1 
Please to send the "Watch Henry Bouquet 

back by the first Express, and 
to hurry up Ilambright, his 
Waggons, Horses & Drivers forrage kc. 
[Watch sent along.] 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 109 

(Col. Bouquet to Richard Peters.) 

Fort Bedford, 8 th August 1759 
Dear Sir 

I am to acknowledge the favour of your Letters of the 
25 th 28 th July, and 1 st August. The good News contained 
in the two last, have greatly diminished my anxiety about 
our Situation. The Waggons come in so slowly that we 
have yet formed no Magazines : We hardly send a Con- 
voy without being obliged to fight for it : The numerous 
Escorts wanted, and the number of Indians to feed at Pitts- 
burgh, consume daily as much as we can forward : The 
excessive heat ruins the Horses, and as you will observe the 
Season run from us without effectuating anything. 

Since we have been here, our affairs take a better face: 
We have recalled the Troops that were not necessary be- 
yond the Mountains, and forwarded in a few days, two 
months Provisions for 2000 Men : one of the Convoys is 
Safely arrived by the bravery of poor Jocelyn who by his 
personal Example and Courage, defeated the Ennemys, and 
lost his life at the Lawrell Hill. The other convoy goes 
under the Comand of Major Tulleken to Pittsburgh. 

Our fate depends still upon Niagara, as I look upon it as 
the Signal upon which the Indians will join again, or aban- 
don the French : I am extremely anxious that we have 
heard nothing yet: and fear that thev ma v fall Short of 
Provisions, or Ammunition, if they dont Speedily Succeed. 
If my friend can be there in Time I have great hopes of 
Success, as he will be Sparing of both. 

It is not possible to have by 500 the true Return of the 
Troops, Scattered as they are, But I see that \yours will not 
be 1600 Effectives — The desertion running verv high, and 
the new Levies far inferior to those of last year in Every 
Respect. The want of method in cloathing & paying these 
Troops must always be their Ruin : We are happy that we 
have the Superiority every where else For Certainly we 
have it not here. 

110 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

All the Letters are delivered unopened to every Individ- 
ual, Those only on His Majesty's Service are opened: 

I do not remember the Expression you mention in the 
Conference with Indians. "We certainly never did intend 
to abandon Pittsburgh nor had the Indians then any appear- 
and Jealousie of that Port. The army was the object of 
their fears, which were removed by assurance that as soon 
as the Enemys would be interely removed beyond the Lakes, 
The Army would then go beyond the Mountains : But this 
shall be explained at the first Conference. 

Last night we had Letters from Col. [Hugh] Mercer, all 
the Indians collected at Venango lefTt the French at the 
Lake, except 50, who went with them to Niagara and about 
a 100 to infest the Communication. 

We do not know whether De Signery could get in, But 
there is great appearance that his forces were Part of that 

We had a few days ago Kikiuskung [Teedyuscung ?] , 
who went back and fought bravely in defence of the Convoy, 
and the last Letters were brought by Killbock, 1 who re- 
turns to morrow to Pittsburgh. 

Our old Soldiers behave with great steadiness against the 
Indians. But there is no dependancy on the new ones : 
We have not half the number necessary to carry on this 
Expedition, & build the Fort: We are opening Braddock's 
Road which will I hope be of great service to us. 

Be So kind as to send us all the news, don't spare Ex- 
presses, Farewell my dear Sir, My Compliments to our 

I am interely Yours 

H. B. 

P: S: Col. Armstrong informs me this moment that the 
Prosecution is renewed against him by new Bills found by 

1 Gilldemund, alias KillbucJ:, and William Henry, an Ohio 
Delaware, pensioned by the U. S. Government for his services daring 
the Revolution. 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. Ill 

an irregular Jury — your friend Mr. Ch — Should remove 
that fop of P — and appoint an honest man to represent 
him. you will serve your Friends, & I hope your friends 
will Serve you. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 13th August 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had vour favours of the 5 th and 8 th Insts and cannot 
express my surprise at the unexpected disappointment we 
meet with from the County of Lancaster only : I send you 
enclosed a Letter from the General which he desires you 
will communicate to the Magistrate, I hope your People 
will no longer distinguish themselves by their shamefull 
opposition to the Public Welfare and safety but will rather 
endeavour to repair their unjustifiable backwardness by their 
future activity & zeal for the service. 

The forrage must be bought at any rate, as at this ad- 
vanced season we cannot admit of delays of any kind. 
Therefore I beg that you forward immidiately to Carlisle 
as great a quantity as you can procure Waggons for; and 
if the Waggons going upon the Expedition are not suffi- 
cient for that Purpose, Please to hire others to go to Car- 
lisle only. If this can be done without prejudice of the ser- 
vice, I shall supply you with any sums wanted. 

I am Dear Sir 

Your most obed' hble Serv e 
Henry Bouquet. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Sliippen of Lancaster.) 

Bedford 23 d August 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had your Letters as far as the 17 th Inst*. The accounts 

you are pleased to give me of the Waggons and forrage in 

your County are xovy discouraging. This last must be had 

at any Rate, and if the People continue to refuse to sell, 

112 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

They must be compelled to do it, at the Prices fixed by the 
magistrates. The 30 Waggons bought by Capt Hambright 
must be loaded at Lancaster with forrage. Let the Price 
be what it will ; We are this day reduced to 104 Bushelis 
of oats, and unless we are immediately supplied, all our 
Horses will dye, and the Service be ruined. 

Ko flour, Pork, or Liquor, are to be sent up till we have 
two Trips of all Waggons with forrage, and I beg you will 
differ no longer to procure some, as a delay at this Season 
would be our utter Ruin — 

Employ as many People as will be wanted to purchase 
and if you are obliged to raise the Price, Let it be bought 
privately: If you want money you shall have it. 
I am Dear Sir 

Your most obed' hble serv 1 
Henry Bouquet. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 1 st Septem r 1759 
Dear Sir, 

I was favoured with your Letters of the 23 d & 27 th lusts in 
which I observe with deep concern that we can have no 
dependance upon your County. I expected at least that 
forrage would have been bought after so many urging Let- 
ters on that Subject, and I see that you cannot load even 
Capt n Hambright's Waggons. I can add nothing more to 
what I have repeated so often, our Horses are already de- 
stroyed for want of forrage and there is none provided nor 
Waggons to bring it up. 

In several of your Letters you made me Expect an Ac- 
count of the Waggons that could be depended upon, but I 
am still as ignorant as before and perceive nothing but un- 

The Campaign is half over, and nothing done as yet, nor 
likely to be done, as we are going on. I suppose that you 
did not pay the Waggoners who left their Loads at Little- 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 113 

ton, the same Price as if they had carried them to Bedford 
— which would indeed give the finishing Stroke to our tot- 
tering Condition in encouraging that practice. 

Justice requires that they be paid in proportion to the 
distances, and if they receive 17/6 1 from Carlisle to Bed- 
ford — the Calculation is easy for the other Posts. 

You seem to apprehend that if the People are not paid 
what they have no right to, They will abandon the Service. 
If that is the Case we must submitt to it: But we can not, 
at the Expence of the Crown, give any Countenance to 
fraud or abuses. 

Colonel Burd <fc Col 1 Shippen are gone to Fort Cumber- 
land, to open a new Road to the Mouth of Red Stone 
Creek, and build Storehouses upon The Mononghehela; 
being at last obliged to have recourse to Virginia to avoid 
the Impending Ruin of the Army. 
I am Dear Sir 

Your most Obedient humble Servant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 3 d Sept r 1859 
Dear Sir 

Capt Hambright informs me that he has bought more 

Horses than he had orders for; But as we are in Want 

of them to Supply the many losses we have sustained I beg 

that you will pay him the money for Said Horses, and Send 

me at leisure a general account of the whole. But on no 

account, I desire that you will not Stop or detain him, as he 

must come with that Brigade, which is expected with the 

greatest Impatience, haviug no forrage at all here. 

I am 

Dear Sir 

Your most obed* hble 


Henry Bouquet 

vol. XXXIII. — 8 

114 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

Fort Bedford 4 th Sept r 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had yesterday the favour of your Letter which gave me 
the more Pleasure, as I meet with difiicultis, and obstruc- 
tions from all sides, But you never knew any where the 
service was concerned : The Weather is a great misfortune, 
and am afraid will hurt your People. 

It was not possible to send Waggons loaded by that 
Road till the Rain is over; Therefore I have sent 12 Pack 
Horses loaded with forrage to Cumberland, to load & Send 
you the Horses you left behind : and I have given the fol- 
lowing directions to Maior Livingston. 

That when the Pack Horses come from Virginia he is 
to Send 100 loaded with forrage to Pittsburgh and all the 
rest to you with flour and forrage and your artificers as 
Soon as possible. He has a new Waggon & 2 Horses for 

I heard last night that Hambright was detained at 
Lancaster for want of oats to load his fine Brigade. But I 
have sent an Express to hurry him to Carlisle, where I 
hope he can be loaded. 

He has engaged upwards of 80 Drivers which will enable 
us to give you back your men. 

There is upwards of 50 Waggons upon the Road loaded 
with forrage, and I have a- mind to employ the 30 new 
Waggons from Hambright to carry between Cumberland & 
Redstone Creek, The distance will be shorter, The Road 
they Say better and the grass certainly So; But of this I 
Shall be glad to have your sentiment; and to know for 
certain what sort of Road you will find. 

I desired the General to Send a Batteau to meet you 
and reconnoitre the navigation of the Mononghehela, by 
which you will have a free Communication with Pitts- 

My best Compliments to Col. Shippen, M r Jones is to go 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 115 

to Cumberland, and to join you with the first Convoy 1 
have advanced him money for his men. 

I am 

My dear Sir 

Your most obed s 
hble servant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Laucaster.) 

Fort Bedford, 8 th Sept r 17.39 
Dear Sir 

I had this moment your favour of the 3 d which gives me 
the more satisfaction, as I expected nothing more from 
your sleepy County, and indeed if we had depended on 
them for forrage, we would not have a Horse lefft ; AVe 
have already 400 unfit for service. The rest is very few & 
weak and Capt. Hambright's Brigade is much wanted. 

I will send you in a few days an order for two thousand 
Pounds sterling, which I expect from Pittsburgh. What 
you may want above that sum, shall be sent immediately, 
as we must not suffer any delay for want of money. 

Send us soon good news. You can expect none from us 
having no other Ennemies to fight than Hunger, which I 
hope we can now subdue. 

I am Dear Sir 

. Your most obed 1 hble servant 
Henry Bouquet 
Capt Ourry writes you 
concurring the Error of forrage. 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen of Lancaster.) 

Fort Bedford 12 th Septem r 1759 
Dear Sir 

I had last night your last of the 7 th Inst 1 The sketch of 

Capt. Hambright's account is so high that I foci more 

deeply the great loss of his times as it will be too late to 

11G Correspondence of Col. Henri/ Bouquet. 

have any service of said Waggons equal to that prodigious 

The price of Oats must be raised at once at 2'G d and 
spelts in proportion, where it must remain during the Cam- 
paign and if the People expect that we shall raise it again, 
they will certainly be mistaken, and in order to prevail upon 
them to thresh immediately, it would be ri^ht to fix a term 
when this price shall again fall to 2/. I think that the 15 th 
of October or at last the 1 st of Xovember should be the 
utmost Extent, to receive it at 2/6 d Sec. I desire Capt, Sin- 
clair to fix it in a general way for the Provinces of Penn- 
sylvania & Marylaud, and to inform you of it. 

When the Waggons unload at The Posts upon the Com- 
munication by real accidents, they are not to suffer any de- 
duction of the Mileage between Lancaster and Carlisle. 

I send you a bill for £1000 Currency and shall send you 
immediately a sufficient supply of Cash. I hope you have 
been able to dispatch Capt. Hambright without waiting for 
it. If I had known sooner his great demand, I would have 
lodged more monev in vour hands. 

Tho' I desired that the Waggons should load forrage for 
tw T o Trips, I did not intend that they should be prevented 
from loading flour, if forrage could not be had. 

Therefore for the future I beg that you would send them 
as soon as they can be raised with either Flour, Pork or 
Forrage to Carlisle, whe^e their loads can be changed ac- 
cording to circumstances. 

I am much obliged to Emanuel Carpenter Esq. for his 
kind assistance to you. I hope he will be so good as to con- 
tinue to help us. 

Co 1 Burd has had a fever upon his Road, But is now re- 
covered; Col Shippen is well. They have had very bad 
Weather, but go on chearfully and in good Spirits. 

I have forwarded your Letters to them — The appearances 
begin to look very favourable for supplies from Virginia 
and Maryland and I hope with their Assistance that we shall 
be able to subsist the Troops. 

Correspondence of Col. Henri/ Bouquet. 117 

I am sensible that the necessity we are under to draw 
Provisions, forrage and Carriages from other Provinces, will 
in Time draw also the Trade that Way, and deprive your 
Province of the Advantage which they had in their power 
to secure to themselves. But such stupid, obstinate, narrow 
sighted People, do not deserve the favour of Providence, 
nor the just rewards of public Spirit and Industry. 

I am fully convinced that you have done everything in 
your Power to surmount the obstacles that surround you 
and am not so unjust as to make you answerable for the 
sins of your People. I beg you will continue to make use 
of all the means in your Power to make the best of their 
backward disposition and believe me with the greatest truth 

Dear Sir 

Your most obedient 

Humble Serv 1 
I just received yours of the Henry Bouquet 

31 st August by L* Col. Lloyd. 

(To be continued.) 

118 Notes and Queries. 



Letters of Washington to Col. Clement Biddle. — Originals in 
the Manuscript Department of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

Mount Vernon, Feb. 5* 17S4. 

Dear Sir. 

On the 8th of last Month I wrote to you for 70 yards of Livery Lace, 
of which I was in immediate want, and requested to have it sent by the 
Post to Alexandria — as there is some reason to believe the Post has 
hardly gone through yet, I beg leave to repeat my want of it, & to pray 
it may be sent as soon as possible. The Lace should be red & white, 
Inch, or £ of an Inch wide, or anywhere between. 

I would now thank you for sending me a two pole Chain, exact in its 
length, & not too small, or weak in the links — this I wish to receive 
soon too. 

The things you were to send by water, did not arrive before the Post 
set in, & I have heard nothing of them since. 

I am with esteem & regard 

| 1 D r Sir, 

| .Samr-le Y r most Obed* Serv* 

| Llver > Lace J a* Washington. 

Mount Vernon, Feb. 10 th 17S6. 
Dear Sir. 

A hasty letter which I wrote to you by Col . Grayson, was accom- 
panied with ten half Johan 3 the application of which I informed you 
sh d be directed in a subsequent letter. 

Let me now request the favour of you to send me the following articles 
if to be had. 

A pair of Boots, and two pair of Shoes, to be made by M r Star (who 
has my measure) agreeably to the enclosed Mem" 

Young's Six months tour through England (his tour thro' Irel d I have) 

The Gentleman Farmer — by Henry Home. 

Tulls Husbandry. — All to be neatly bound. & lettered. 

200 Weight of Clover Seed — to be fresh and good. 

12 lbs. Saint seed ) . r , , . . , 

6 lbs. of the field Burnet j lfto be had S ood - 

A Common Hunting horn of the largest and best sort. 
It will readily occur to you, my good Sir, that these Seeds (as they are 
to be sown this spring) cannot be forwarded too soon. I ought indeed 
to have wrote for them at an earlier period, but they may yet arrive at 
a proper Season if they are quickly dispatched. — At any rate, inform me 
if they are to be had, & the prospect there is of forwarding them, for 
thereon will depend my preparation of the ground. 

The Gazettes which were furnished by Mr. Dunlap, for my use, dur- 
ing my Military appointment, ought, undoubtedly to be paid for by the 
public — and I had no doubt but that this had been done, regularly, by 

Notes and Queries. 119 

the Q r M r General or his assist* in the State of Pennsylvania — If the case 
is otherwise, I am ready to give my aid towards his obtaining it. 

My respects to Mrs. Biddle 
I am — Dear Sir, 

Y r Most Obed 1 H bl Ser. 
G° Washington. 

I pray you to be pointed with resp* to the goodness of the Seeds: as im- 
position of bad seed is a robbery of the worst kind ; for your pocket not 
only sutlers by it but your preparations are lost & a season passes away 
Dear Sie. 

By the Post of Yesterday, I received the enclosed Mem — If you can 
comply with them in time, for the Alexandria Packet it w 1 oblige me. 

If the Hatt is already got for Washington, it will be unnecessary to 
exchange it ; If not, he prefers a black one, with such ornaments as 
would suit a boy of his age, & the colour of the hat. 

I beg leave to remind you of the Linnen — two pieces — from Mr. Hazle- 
hursts ; and of the two pieces of finer than those you have purchased at 
4/6. For the purposes they are wanted indeed, they should be a good 
deal finer. I am D r Sir 

,, .. M Y r Obed 1 Serv* 

Friday Morn?. ,-.„ , tT 

28* June 1787. G° WASHINGTON. 

Dear Sir 

I have received both your notes of this morning and thank you for 
notice of the vessel's sailing. — The Books, I perceive, are only small 
treatises upon education, referred to by Doct r Bush, which I can get, iV 
carry in my Trunk. — Bemember the clothes baskets. I send a small 
box containing a Lamp — it is a present, but could not have cost 20/. — 
If the hounds presented to me by Capt a Morris are not provided for, 
will it not be necessary to lay something in for them? — I think of 
nothing else at this time ; therefore, if you will let me know how the 
ace 1 stands between us I would wish to square it. 
Monday 10 th Sept r 17S7. 

Travelling Expenses of a Visit to New York, States 

24 th 



sd Long Island, in 1757, 

Made by 




y« 23** 1757 




at the widow Amos' s 

: 3 

: 4 

Ferrage at Dunks's 

: 4 

: 6 

at Thomas's Burlington 

: 14 

: G 

at Alen's Town 

: 3 

: 3 

at Cranberry 

: 4 

: 9 

at Atkins 

: 2 

: 6 

Ferrage at Rariton 

: 5 

: 5 

at Mr Dear's at Amboy 

: 13 


at Morris's 


: 9 

at Elizabeth Town 

: 12 

: 6 



: 3 

: i 

at Simonsons at S : Island 

. 8 

: 4 

at Scotch Johnny's 

: S 

: 4 

at Do 



: 4 


Notes and Queries. 


at Ditto breakfast 




Do. Dinner 



: 8 

at y e Coffee house 



: 6 




: 6 









: 4 




: 6 


Ferrage to Long Island 



: 9 





Dinner at Mashes 



: 6 

Supper & Lodging 





Dinner @ Mashes 



: 9 

Ferrage to York 



: 9 

3 horses hired 2 Day @ 4/ 

1 : 



Supper for 5 of us 



: 5 

May y e 

1st at Johnneys 




: 9 




: 8 














Paid for a boat to view the prizes 




To Supper & Club 



: 6 


To Breakfast 




To Dinner 



: 4 

Supper & Club 



: 6 









: 6 

at Tavern 







: 8 


Ferrage to Station Island 




Ferrage at Elizabeth Town 









To supper Lodging & breakfast & ye horses 



: 4 

& ferrage 




: 6 









: 6 




: 6 





: 6 




: 9 


To Symonson 3 horses 14 Days 

2 : 


: 8 

Supper Lodging & breakfast and horses at Herd : 



Ferrages 4 Times to Statton Island 




At Elizabeth Town ferrage 




1 Bowl of punch 



: 6 

Dinner at y e Xagshead 



: 6 

Brunswick ferrage 



: 9 

Trentown Tavern & ferrage 


10 : 



Supper Lodging breakfast and the horses 



: 4 

Shamany ferry 


1 : 

: 6 

at y e widow Amos 



: 9 

£21 : 17 : 

Notes and Queries. 


Household Bills of James Steel. — 
James Steel 

Bought of Richard King, Pewtercr, London. 

April 30 1 Doz staid mettle plates 
1 oval shaving bason 
1 Chamber pot 
Engraving 14 pieces with 
Cypher S M 
James Steel 

To John Bland & Co 



May 7. 

1 Teapot 17 
1 pr Muggs 
1 do 

oz. 16/8 Silver 
13 " 3/7 " 
13 " 16/7 " 

1 Waiter 

7 " 9/8 " 

2 Pepper bos 
1 Snuff box 

:es 6 " 1 1/2 " 
2 " 9 " 

1 da lost 

1 Milk pot 
1 Spoon 
1 Cane 

3 " 18 1/2 " 

1 Cha. Del d allowed the owner 

James Steel. Gent e 

To Christian Grafford 
June 12. 



1C . 


5 . 



3 . 



4 . 



, 9 . 


7 . 

2 . 


4 . 

12 . 


4 . 

16 . 

, 7 

2 . 

19 . 


2 . 


1 . 

9 . 


12 . 


1 . 

12 , 


13 . 


15 , 



12 . 


£ 27 

Making a Waist Coat & 1 pair 

breeches of Striped Linen 

Making a new Coat for James 

Thomsen of Duray 

also for Benjamin Bojen 

Making old Holland Jeakit & 

breeches fit for your Negero 

Making 2 new Jeakits & 2 pair breeches of 

stripped Linen for both your Negeromans 

And also for Little Negero boy 

Making a Waist Coat of Duray 

again for James Thomsen 

Making 2 pair Leather breeches, 1 for James 

Sanders & another for your Negroeman Zeasor 

A skin for pokits 

7th. 3 mo. 1741 Received of James Steel the full Contents of the above 
Ace 1 by me Christian Gr afford 


8 . 
7 . 


3 . 


14 . 

4 , 




. 6 


13 , 


, 6 


A Committee of the Alumni of All Departments of the 
University of Pennsylvania is Preparing a Catalogue to con- 
tain all of the graduates and non-graduate matriculates of the Univer- 
sity. We append a list of the medical graduates of whom the committee 
has no information. Our readers will lighten not a little the difficult 
labors of the committee in collecting data of these graduates, some oi 


Notes and Queries. 

more than a century ago, if they will send at once whatever information 
they may have to Dr. Ewing Jordan, 1510 Walnut St., Philadelphia. 

Information is especially desired as to full name, parents' names, full 
date and place of birth and of death, if married, wife's name, academic 
degrees received, prominent positions held, and any printed reference to 
the men named. 


Allen, Thomas Lancaster Pa. 

Atkinson, Mahlon Pa. 

Billings, Thomas Pa. 

Boyd, James N. J. 

Briggs, Eobert Va. 

Brundige, Henry Va. 

Brux, Edward ' Ga. 

Burrell, Benjamin Pa. 

Chambers, Maxwell N. C. 

Croghan, John Ky. 

Davis, David Jones Pa. 

Doughty, James S. C. 

Dudley, Theodore Bland Va. 

Dupont, Thomas Coaehman S. C. 

Eggleston, William Henry Va. 

Elmendorf, James Bruyn N. J. 

Farrington, Jairus S. C. 

Gignilliat. Charles Ga. 

Griffith, Alexander L. Md. 

Grossjean, John C. Va. 

Hamm, James J. Pa. 

Hunt, James W. Va. 

Jones, Caleb Mordecai Md. 

Jones, Tingnal Va. 

Lehman, George F. Pa. 

Alexander, William M. Va. 

Anthony, Thomas Powell Pa. 

Barnhill, John Redman Pa. 

Blackburn, Churchill Jones Ky. 

Blair, James Va. 

Braxton, Corbin Va. 
Breton, Baron Frederick 

von St. Croix. 

Brognard, Francis Herd N. J. 

Brown, George W. Pa. 

Burwell, Dudlev Va. 

Caldwell, Daniel Ky. 

Campbell, Charles Md. 

Carrington, Richard A. Va. 

Carter, Charles Walker Va. 

Casey, John A. Ga. 

Cutler, John H. Va. 

Dent, John Ga. 

Diffenderffer, Michael Md. 

Dove, John Va. 

Lyne, Henry X. C. 

McGehee, Alexander Miss. 

Mariott, Richard Md. 

Meredith, John Va. 

Middleton, James Md. 

Murphy, Robert Va. 

Nancrede, Nicholas Cussens Mass. 

Patterson, Samuel Va. 

Pearson, Charles Edwin X. J. 

Quarles, Pryor Va. 

Ragland, John C. Va. 

Robertson, Thomas W. S. C. 

Salter, Thomas Barton N. Y. 

Scott, William T. Va. 
Shellcross, Morris Cadwalader Pa. 

Sloan, William Md. 

Smith, Beverly Va. 

Stevens, Joseph L. S. C. 

Terrill, Uriel Va. 

Thomas, John N. Pa. 

Vanhoy, Abraham Del. 

Waring, William Richard S. C. 

Waterhouse, John Fothergill Mass. 

Wilson, Joseph Pa. 


Duer, Robert Md. 

Edmunds, Carter N. C. 

Edwards, Charles Lee S. C. 

Feild, Andrew Va. 

Feild, John Va. 

Field, Henry N. Y. 

Hardaway, John Segar Va. 

Hening, William H. Va. 

Johnston, John Warfield Va. 

Jones, William Payne Va. 

King, John White Va. 

Langley, William, Jr. S. C. 

Lewis, Henry Va. 

McCaa, John S. C. 

McConochic, James R. Ky. 
McCullough, James Haines, 

Jr. Md. 

McMurtrie, Henry Pa. 

May, Richard Ya. 
Moore, Alexander SpotswoodS. 0. 

Notes and Queries. 


Proiulfit, Andrew, Jr. 
Reese, Charles M. 
Reynale, William H. 
Russell, Thomas 

N. Y. Rutledge, Charles 

S. C. Spidden, Edward 

N. J. Thomas. William 

Mass. Tucker, Henry W. 


Addison, Edward Brice D. C. 

Barton, Edward Conn. 

Benezet, Anthony Pa. 

Bonner, Jesse A. Va. 

Boswell, William Va. 

Conway, James H. V . 

Dupuy, William A. Ya. 

Gwinn, John Md. 

Hereford, William Va. 
Holland, Nathaniel Littleton, 

A. B. Va. 

Horwitz, Jonas Pa. 

Jiggitts, David E. X. C. 
Lawrence, Jason Valentine 

O'Brien' La. 

Long, Alexander N. C. 

Macaulay, Patrick Va. 

Minton, William Va. 

Morgan, Mordecai 
Norton. Daniel Norborne 
Owen, William 
Palmer, William Pennell 
Patterson, William A. 
Purnell, John Godden 
Reubel, Peter 
Roper, Thomas W. 
Smith, Joshua 
Stockdell, John Y. 
Thomas, John Hanson 
Wells, John M. 
White, Beujamin Aspinwall 
Whitehead, Nathaniel C. 
Williams, Edward P. 
Wills, John M. 
Worthington, Nicholas 

6. C. 


S. C. 

D. C. 


Beatty, Charles C. Pa. 

Boulden, Nathanial L. Del. 

Brown, William A. 0. Va. 

Burson, Stephen Pa. 

Cabaniss, John Va. 

Cameron, Thomas Nash Va. 

Crouch, John G. Va. 

Davis, Thomas J. Pa. 

Dickenson, Samuel C. Va. 

Dudley, Joseph Va. 

Emerson, Gouverneur Del. 

Estill, Wallace Va. 

Fitzhugh, Edmund D. C. 

Footman, Richard S. C. 

Galphin, Milledge Ga. 

Garland, John Tabb Va. 

Harper, Paterson W. Va. 

Harris, Hartwell Va. 

Haskins, Creed Va. 

Heard, Daniel M. Ky. 
Honey man, Robert Bruce Va. 

Hopkins, Samuel C. N. J. 

Jenks, John W. N. J. 

Klapp, Harvey N.Y. 

McCaw, William Reid Va. 
MeGarry David Ireland. 

McLees, William J. Ky. 

Morris, John Lewden Del. 

Moselv (or Moselev?), Robert 

G. ' Va. 

Nice, William George Va. 

Pegrarn, Jehn Coleman Va. 

Pickering, Samuel White Pa. 

Polk, William Julius N. C. 

Prall, Zaccur N. J. 

Price, William B. Va. 

Ridout. John Md. 

Robertson, William Henry Va. 

Royster, John W. Va. 

Rufrin, Thomas Roane N. C. 

Scolley. Samuel Va. 

Shrewsbury, Samuel Va. 

Shuman, Samuel Md. 

Spark, Philip W. Va. 

Speer, James Pa. 

Stith, Ferdinand Va. 

Stockton. Elias Boudinot Pa. 

Tate, Joseph A. Va. 

Tebbs, Thomas Foushee Pa. 

Thorton, Samuel C. Pa. 

Tingle, Nathaniel R. Md. 

Tinsley, James Ga. 

Watkins, Mayo S. Va. 

Wilkins, Benjamin Va. 

Wilson, James Ky. 

124 Notes and Queries. 

Patterson.— In the Pennsylvania Magazine for January, 1902, 
Vol. XXV., p. -576, reference is made to John Patterson, Collector of 
Customs at Philadelphia, 177?. In Minutes of the Provincial Council 
of Pennsylvania, Vol. X., p. 213, a document dated Oct. 17, 1774, 
refers to John Patterson. Collector of Customs. I should be glad for 
any information about this man and his family. It is said that Daniel 
T. Patterson, Commodore in the U. S. Navy, was a son. If so, Carlile 
Pollock Patterson, Director of the U. S. Coast Survey for many years, 
would be a grandson, and the wife of Admiral D. D. Porter a grand- 

E. C. Archibald, 
Brown University, 
Providence, P. I. 

Lander. — Wanted, the ancestry of Captain Francis Lander, who 
was a member of the Royal Americans from 175G to 1759, and was at 
the capture of Lewisburg in 175S. Whom did he marry and who are 
his descendants? J. A. P. 

Thomas Willing, 1731-1821.— 

The undersigned would be much obliged for references,' either to 
manuscripts or printed documents, relating to Thomas Willing. 

Thomas Willing Balch. 

Miles. — The genealogy of Margaret Miles, who died in Erie, Penna., 
1872-3, is requested by 

J. G. W. Knowlton, M.D., 
Exeter, N. H. 

3SQ0k IRotices. 

Progressive Pennsylvania: A Record of the Remarkable In- 
dustrial Development of the Keystone State, with Some 
Account of its Early and its Later Transportation Sys- 
tems, its Early Settlers and its Prominent Men. By 
James M. Swank. Philadelphia, 1903. Svo. pp. 300. Price, 
The long connection of the author with the work of the American 
Iron and Steel Association has made him acquainted with many import- 
ant facts relating to the industrial development of Pennsylvania, includ- 
ing its systems of transportation, which are not to be found in accepted 
histories of the State. In arranging these facts, it was necessary to give 
prominence to some features of the early years of the Province, which 
include the presence of settlers on the Delaware, before the granting of 
Peun's Charter; the existence of negro slavery, and when and by whom 
the agitation for its abolition was set on foot; the cause of the estrange- 
ment of the peaceful Delaware Indians; the physical characteristics of 
Pennsylvania, and its animal life. After the presentation of those and 
other features of the early history of Pennsylvania, he considers the 
means of transportation that were employed by the pioneers and by 
those who came after them — the early roads, llatboats, keel boats, fer- 
ries, bridges, turnpikes, canals, steamboats, and railroads, and these de- 
tails are followed by several chapters which deal with the great produe- 

Notes and Queries. 125 

tive industries of the State. Included in these chapters are given the 
early history of Pittsburgh, the world's industrial wonder, and tho 
prominence of Pennsylvania as the leading industrial State of the Union. 
A chronological chapter follows which gives a record of many notable in- 
dustrial events in the history of both the State and the country, and ei i- 
bodying a vast amount of information, the value of which would have 
justified its presentation in more elaborate form. The book closes with a 
number of chapters that are devoted to biographical skeiches of some emi- 
nent Pennsylvanians, most of whom have been prominently identiiit-d 
with the history and development of Western Pennsylvania, and some 
of whom have not been honored by their fellow citizens as they have 
deserved. Mr. Swank is one of the most loyal of Pennsylvanians, and 
he presents his facts with the same exactness as has marked his statistical 

The Life of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the Founder of Gkr- 
mantowx. By Marion Dexter Learned, Ph.D., L.H.D. Phila- 
delphia, 190S. Svo. pp. 324. William J. Campbell, Walnut St. 

There are many facts which tend to give Francis Daniel Pastorius a 
foremost position among the interesting characters of our early Amer- 
ican life. He was the most conspicuous, if not the most important, 
figure in the settlement of Germantown, a movement marking the begin- 
ning of German immigration into Xorth America and the first manifes- 
tation with respect to race of that broad and catholic spirit which differ- 
entiated Pennsylvania from the other colonies and later made her the 
fruitful source of American institutions and modes of thought. The son 
of a judge and literateur, he had been trained in the universities of 
Lurope, and his powers had been broadened by travel and political dis- 
cussion. A linguist, he used with accuracy and fluency the German, 
English, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Latin and Greek languages. His 
Latin epigrams, poetry, and jeux d'esprit show a complete familiarity 
with that tongue and much literary facility. He may be regarded ad 
the typical man of letters of his period in America, and his original pro- 
ductions are numerous. He, together with Abraham Op den Graeff, 
Dirk Op de GraetTand Gerhard Hendricks, began the struggle in Amer- 
ica against the institution of slavery. He was a Lawyer, as well as a 
pecragogue, who composed the first Pennsylvania primer. In modern 
times a great interest has been taken in his career. The late Dr. Oswal 1 
Seidensticker, of the University of Pennsylvania, studied his achieve- 
ments and published an excellent memoir ; the author of The Settfattent 
of Germantown, added considerable information concerning him ; and 
Whittier made him thesubject of our epic, •' The Pennsylvania Pilgrim.'' 
It has remained, however, for Prof. Learned, of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, whose researches in the libraries of Europe and America have 
developed much new and hitherto unpublished matter, throwing light 
on Pastorius's antecedents and early career, to prepare this eminently 
satisfactory biography, which enhances our appreciation of this eminent 
American colonist and scholar. The work is well printed, and the text 
illustrated with ninety photographic reproductions of original docu- 
ments, title pages and foreign views. 

S. W. P. 

126 Notes and Queries. 

Free Masonry in Pennsylvania, 1727-1907, as Shown by tiie 
Records of Lodge No. 2, F. and A. M. of Philadelphia, 
from the Year A.L. 5757, A.D. 1757. Compiled from Original 
Sources. By Nofris S. Barratt, P. M. Lodge No. 2 ; Julius F. 
Sachse, P. M. Lodge No. 91. Philadelphia, 190S. Svo. pp. 
xvii, 477. 
This important contribution to Masonic historical literature is a 
souvenir of the sesquicentennial of Lodge No. 2, of Philadelphia. The 
beginnings of Free Masonry in the American colonies, partially shrouded 
in uncertainty owing to the lack of documentary evidence, has been 
a subject of controversy for writers on Masonic subjects. In recent 
years, however, incontrovertible proof has has been produced to estab- 
lish the claim that Philadelphia is the cradle of Free Masonry in 
America, where it was introduced in the year 1727. The history of 
Lodge No. 2 is the history of Free Masonry in Pennsylvania. In 
the volume under notice, the compilers only cover the period from 1757 
to 1786, reserving the succeeding one hundred and twenty-one years 
for another volume. The care with which they have conducted their 
laborious investigations, through the minutes of early lodges, the Grand 
Lodge and other sources is commendable, and they let these original 
documents tell their own story. During the Revolution the Lodge was 
distinctly patriotic, and a partial list of its members looks like a mus- 
ter roll ; sixteen Colonels, ten Majors and twenty-eight Captains saw 
active service. No meetings of the Lodge were held during the British 
occupation of the city, owing to the absence of so many members with 
"Washington's army. The lodge room was broken open by the British, 
and all the jewels, paraphernalia and books stolen by them, while two 
other lodges, being loyal to the king, not only met, but also initiated 
British officers and local loyalists. The volume is an attractive piece 
of book-making, liberally illustrated with chromotypes and photo- 
gravures of lodge halls and portraits, and facsimiles of early documents, 
certificates, title-pages of sermons and autographs. It is bound in pur- 
ple cloth, with the old seal of the Lodge on the cover. 

The True Story of the American Flag. By John H. Fow. 

Philadelphia, 190S. Svo. Pp. 54. On sale by William J. 

Campbell, 1008 Walnut Street. Price, 75 cents. 
Much has been written and much said on the history of the American 
flag, and the claim that "Betsy" Ross made the first flag. The lass 
claim is based upon the statements made by her grandson, William J. 
Canby, in a paper read before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
thirty-eight years ago, but the researches of Mr. Fow show how legen- 
dary they are, and without that foundation necessary to sustain such a 
claim. And the further claim, that Washington visited the house on 
Arch Street and what transpired there, simply rests on statements of 
relatives, unsupported by any substantial evidence. The Commander- 
in-chief of the army would have sent for and not called on Mrs. Ross, 
if he was in need of her services. After Mr. Canby's death, a brother 
devoted much time and research to uphold the disputed claim ; exam- 
ined the records in the departments of War, State and Treasury, at 
Washington, but found no mention of flags or the name of Mrs. Ross, 
but at Harrisburg was shown a voucher in her favor, for making flags ot 
the navy of Pennsylvania, which did not resemble the American flag. 

Notes and Queries. 


It is well known that all the Continental regiments were not supplied 
with American flags, owing to the lack of material to make them, and 
that the colors carried were largely the devices of their officers or sug- 
gestive of the districts in which they were recruited. It will probably 
never be known who did design the American flag, but readers of Mr. 
Fow's book will find that there is no evidence to prove that Mrs. Ross 
is entitled to the honor. Many colored illustrations embellish the text. 

Buddhist and Christian Gospels. Now First Compared from 
the Originals : Being Gospel Parallels from Pali Texts. 
By Albert J. Edmunds. Vol. I, 8vo. pp. 325. 
This work represents the mature results of a quarter-century of ear- 
nest investigation, and is an interesting and illuminating contribution to 
comparative religion. It begins with an historical introduction with 
reference to the antiquity of the canonical Pali texts, and the relation 
between Christianity and Buddhism. Then follow three parallels in 
the infancy legends of both religions, five in the initiation and prepara- 
tion, five in the ministry, and thirty-three in the ethics and and sub- 
ject-matter of the teaching : also nineteen parallels on the character of 
the Lord, and twenty-eight on the closing scenes and the future of the 
Church and the individual, ending with an appendix containing men- 
tion of six parallels from uncanonical texts. Heavy type is used for 
the sacred Scriptures of all religions, so that the reader can distinguish 
at once between actual text and editorial comment. The simplified 
spelling is used, and the book is probably the first large and serious 
work to adopt this reform. The official organ of the modern Buddhist 
mission to the United States characterizes Mr. Edmund's work, as the 
first comparison made between the two religions direct from the origi- 
nals ; all previous ones have either been partial and desultory by 
scholars, or else second-hand by students who did not know Pali. 
Volume II is now in press. 

Calendar of the Papers of Benjamin Franklin in the 
Library of the American Philosophical Society. Edited 
By I. Minis Hays. Philadelphia, 1908. Vol. I-V. 8vo. 
Two years ago the xVmerican Philosophical Society, of this city, cele- 
brated the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Benjamin 
Franklin with highly appropriate ceremonies, and the proceedings 
were later published. As a further tribute to the memory of their 
Founder, this venerable Society has recently issued, in five octavo vol- 
umes, an exhaustive calendar of his papers preserved in their library : 
Letters to Franklin, from 1730 to 1790 ; letters of Franklin, from 17">7 
to 1790; letters to William Temple Franklin, from 1775 to 1790 ; and 
a mass of miscellaneous papers from 1742 to 1814, relating to Franklin. 
In the Appendix will also be found a calendar of the Franklin papers 
in the library of the University of Pennsylvania. The work of arrang- 
ing and editing this important collection of original material was 
naturally entrusted to its librarian, Dr. I. Minis Hays, and to his knowl- 
edge and admirable arrangement we are indebted for this valuable con- 
tribution to American historical literature. He has made a careful 
summary of every letter and paper, verified names and dates, indexed 
them, and the rich store of information he has compiled is deserving of 
the highest commendation. A word of compliment is also due for the 
excellent style in which the work has been produced. 

12S Notes and Queries. 

Lebanon County Imprints and Bibliography. By Rev. P. C. 
Croll, D.D. 1908. 
The members of the Pennsylvania Federation of Historical Societies 
were quick to recognize the need of bibliographies of the counties of the 
State, and a committee was appointed to urge and encourage their 
preparation. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and the Lancas- 
ter County Society, have made very considerable progress in the work 
of their respective counties, and the Tioga County Historical So- 
ciety, the Washington County Historical Society, and the Lebanon 
County Historical Society have printed their first compilations. The 
Rev. Dr. Croll's ''Lebanon County Imprints and Bibliography," pub- 
lished by the Historical Society of that county, shows a zealous spirit of 
research, but to make it of permanent value, full imprints should have 
been given. Some yeare ago, a bibliography of Chester County was 
compiled, which has recently come into the possession of the State 

The Constitution of St. John's Lodge. A Facsimile Copy of 
the Tho. Carmick MS., A.D. 1727. By Julius F. Sachse, Li- 
brarian, Philadelphia, 1908. 
The finding in the possession of one of the old Colonial families of 
Pennsylvania, of a MS. copy of the Constitution of St. John's Lodge, 
of Philadelphia, bearing the date 1727. settles the friendly controversy 
that has existed between the Masons of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, 
as to which is entitled to the honor of being the first in which Masonry 
w r as introduced, in favor of Pennsylvania by seven years. This antique 
document of twenty-two pages, signed by Thomas Carmick and repro- 
duced in facsimile, also proves that St. John's Lodge was the first Ma- 
sonic lodge founded on the western continents. The work is published 
under the direction of the Committee on Library, at the request of the 
R. TV. Grand Master of Pennsylvania. 

The Ancestry of Rosalie Morris Johnson, Daughter of George 
Calvert Morris and Elizabeth Kuhn, his Wife. Compiled 
by R. Winder Johnson. Philadelphia, 1908, Vol. II., 4to, pp. 37. 
Printed for private circulation only. 
After the first volume of this work had been placed in the hands of 
the printer, the compiler visited Antwerp, where his researches enabled 
him to add much interesting data to his records of the Stier family. In 
the present volume a few additional English lines have been included 
with the Flemish ancestry, pedigrees, charts and facsimiles of auto- 
graphs Irom original documents. The volume is an attractive piece of 





Vol. XXXIII. 1909. No. 2. 

MING, JULY SOtfl 1779. 


Colonel Adam Hubley, Jr., son of Michael (1722-1804) 
and Rosina (Stumpf) Hubley (1719-1803), a well-known 
colonial family of Pennsylvania, was born about 1744. He 
married, January 21, 1772, Mary Evans, who died in June 
of 1794, and is buried in St. Peter's P. E. Church grounds, 
Third and Pine Streets, Philadelphia. They left issue. 

Colonel Hubley's name appears early in the struggle for 
independence, as one of the signers of Bills of Credit oi 
Pennsylvania. He entered the Army October 27, 1775, as 
First Lieutenant in the First Pennsylvania Battalion, raised 
in pursuance of a resolution of Congress, October 12, 1775, 
recommending the Committee of Safety to raise a battalion 
to consist of eight companies. Colonel John Bull, who was 
elected by Congress, November 25, to command the battal- 
ion, resigned January 20, 1776, owing to difficulties with 
his officers, and on February 22, John Philip de Haas was 
elected to succeed him. The .battalion participated in the 
Canada campaign, and after the expiration of its term of 
enlistment, became the nucleus for the formation of the 
vol. xxxiii — 9 (129) 

130 Colonel Hubley' s Journal, 1779. 

Second Regiment, Pennsylvania Line. Hubley was com- 
missioned Major, Tenth Pennsylvania Line, December 6, 

1770, and promoted Lieutenant Colonel, March 12, 1777. 
In the campaign for the defence of the Delaware, he partic- 
ipated in the battles of Brandy wine, Germantown, and 
Whitemarsh, and in the night attack at Paoli his regiment 
acted with meritorious bravery ; he mentions that one pri- 
vate, William Leary, was wounded in the hand by a sword, 
in the right leg from a bayonet thrust, and had his jaw 
broken by the butt of a musket. On the formation of the 
Eleventh Regiment of the Line, lie was appointed its Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, and when Colonel Hartley resigned, Febru- 
ary 13, 1779, Lieutenant Colonel Commandant. Hubley at 
this date was the senior Lieutenant Colonel in the Penn- 
sylvania Line. 

When Washington determined on the expedition to pun- 
ish the hostile Six Nations in Western New York, Hubley's 
regiment was assigned to Gen. Hand's brigade. General 
Sullivan opened his headquarters at Easton, Penna., and on 
June 5, in company with Colonels Dayton and Pierce, vis- 
ited the Moravian town of Bethlehem, and ten days later he 
again visited the town with Generals Maxwell, Poor, and 
twenty officers, as escort to Lady Washington, who had left 
headquarters and was en route to Mount Vernon. 

. Colonel Hubley retired from the service January 1, 1781, 
and on February 14 was appointed Lieutenant of Lancaster 
County, which office he filled with much' ability to the close 
of the war. He also served in the Assembly from 1783- 
1787, and the State Senate, 1790. In 1793 he was ap- 
pointed one of the auctioneers of Philadelphia, his store 
being at No. 64, and his dwelling No. 221, South Front 
Street. In the summer of that year, he fell a victim of the 
yellow fever, then epidemic in the city, and his remains 
were interred in St. Peter's church yard. His grave is 
unmarked and unknown. 

The Journal of Colonel Hubley, while attached to Sulli- 
van's expedition against the Indians, is preserved in the 

Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779, 


Manuscript Department of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania; and although it has been printed in Miner's History 
of Wyoming, and in other forms, the records heretofore have 
not been strictly followed nor the illustrations reproduced. 
The subtitle to the Journal reads : 

Ad m Hubley, Jr. Journal on the Western Expedition Com- 
manded by Major General Sullivan, July 30, 1779. 

Headquarters Easton May 24th 1779. 

When the Army shall be fully Assembled the following 
arrangements are to take place — 

Light Corp to consist of 
Connn a by Brig-Gen. Hand. 

Armands, Hubleys 

6 companies rangers 
W* Butlers Batt" 
Morgans Corps & all volunteers 
who may join the army. 

Maxwells Brig* consists of 

Dayton, Sch reeve 
Ogdeii, Spencer & form ye right of 
first line 

Poor's Brig* consists of 

I ' Ceiley, Reed 

Scammell, Courtland & form the 
left of the first line. 

late Livingston's, Dubois 
Gainsworth, Olden ; & form the 
2 1 " 1 line or Reserves. 

132 Colonel Hullcy's Journal, 1779. 

The right of the first line to be covered by 100 Men 
draughted from Maxwells Brigade, the left to be covered 
by 100 men, detach'd from Poors Brigade, each flank of the 
2 nd line, to be covered by 50 Men detach'd from Clintons 
Brigade, the flanking Division on the right to consist of 
Ilubley's Regiments, and a draught from the line of 100 
Men, the flanking Division on the left, to consist of the 
German Battalion k 100 Men draughted from the line. 

Order of March. 

The Light Corps will advance by the right of the Com- 
panies in files k keep at least one Mile in front, — Maxwell's 
Brigade will advance by its right, in files, Sections or 
Platoons as the Country will admit. Poors Brigade will 
advance by its left in the same manner, Clintons Brigade 
will advance by the right of Regiments, in platoons, files or 
Sections, as the country will admit, all the covering parties 
and flanking Divisions on the right will advance by their 
left, those on the left of the army will advance by their right 
the Artillery k Pack horses are to March in the Centre. 

Should the army be attacked in front while on its march, 
the light Corps will immediately form to repulse the Enemy, 
the flanking Divisions will endeavour to gain the flanks and 
rear of the Enemv. "While the line is formine:, the Pack 
horses will in all cases, fall into the possition represented 
on the anexed plan. Should the enemy attack on either 
flank, the flanking Division attacked will form a front, and 
sustain the attack till reinforcid, in which case a part of the 
Light Corps is to be immediately detach'd, to gain the 
enemys flank and rear, the covering parties of the 2 nd line 
moove to gain the other flank, should the enemy attack our 
rear, the 2 nd line will face k form a front to the enemy, the 
covering parties of the first line, will moove to sustain it 
while the flanking Division face about & endeavour to gain 
their flank, & rear. Should the Light troops be driven 
back, they will pass thro' the intervals of the main Army & 
form in the rear. Should the enemy in an engagement 
with the army when formed endeavour either flank, the 



\5\ V * 


v U 

t> .oC^ 


( |„ ;.-■; \ - 

o ; 



\ ; 

v:r & 


Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 133 

covering party will moove up to lengthen the line and so 
much as may be found necessary from the Hanking divisions 
will display outwards to prevent the attempt from succeed- 
ing, the Light Corp will have their advance & flank Guards 
at a good distance from their main body, the Hanking Divi- 
sion will furnish flank guards, and the 2 n ' 1 line a Rear 
Guard for the Main army. 

When we find the Light Corp engaged in front, the front 
of the pack horses halt & the rear close up while the 
columns moove in a small Distance, close and display, which 
will bring the Horses in the possition on the plan for the 
order of Battle, should the attack be made on us either in 
flank or in "Rear, the horses must be kept in the position 
they are at the commencement of the attack, unless other 
orders are then given. 

Wyoming in Penna. July 30 th 1779. 

Wyoming is situated on the East side of the East 
branch of Susquehannah, the Town consisting of about 70 
Houses, chiefly Logg-buildings, besides those buildings there 
are sundry larger ones which were errected by the Army tor 
the purpose of receiving stores &c, a large Bake and 
Smoak houses. 

There is likewise a small Fort errected in the Town with 
a strong Abattas around it, and a small redoubt to shelter 
the Inhabitants in case of an Alarm. This Fort is Garri- 
soned by one hundred men draughted from the Western 
Army and put under the Command of Colo: Zeb n Butler. 

I cannot ommit taking notice of the poor Inhabi* of this 
Town, two thirds of them are Widdows & Orphans, who by 
the vile hands of the savages have been most cruely deprived 
some offender husbands some Indulgent parents and others 
of affect 6 friends & acquaintances, besides robb'd & plun- 
dered of all their furniture and Cloathing. In short they 
are left totaly dependent on the public and are become ab- 
solute objects of charity. 

The situation of this place is elegant & delightful. It 
composes an extensive Valley, bounded both on the East & 

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Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 135 

Sunday, August 1 st . 

Continued at Lackawanay, waiting for the fleet, which by 
reason of considerable rapids was detailed until nearly 
12 o'clock this day, before the rear could possibly cross 
them. In getting thro' lost two boats, chief of their cargoes 
where saved. About 2 0, clock p.m. the whole arrived oppo- 
site our Encampment, in consequence of which received 
Orders for a march, struck tents accordingly k moved about 
3 "'Clock p.m. About one mile distant from Encampment 
entered the Xarrows on the River, first detaching left 
column under com d of Capt. Bii3h, to join the right column 
of the Light Corp, and cross the Mountain, which was al- 
most inaccessible, in order to cover the Army from falling 
in an Ambuscade, whilst passiug thro' the defile — found 
passage thro' the defile exceeding difficult and troublesome, 
owing to the badness of the path. We passed by a most 
beautiful Cataract, called the Spring fails, to attempt a 
discription of it, would almost be presumption. Let this 
short account thereof suffice : The first or upper fall thereof 
is nearly 90 feet perpindicular, pouring from a sollid Rock, 
ushering forth a most beautiful Echo, and is received by a 
Clift of rocks, considerably more projected that the former, 
from whence it rolls gradualy and emptys into Susque- 
hannah. Light Corp pass'd k got thro' the defile about 
6 o'clock p.m., arriv'd about Dusk at a place called Quiahiti- 
mimk, and Enearap'd one mile in front of the place, occu- 
pied that night by the - Main Army. 

The Main Army on acc 9t of the dificult passage march'd 
nearly all night before they reach'd their Encamping 
ground, great quantities of Baggage being dropt k left lying 
that night, oblig'd us to continue on the ground. All the 
proceeding day, numbers of our pack horses where sent 
back k employ'd in bringing on the scattered stores kc. 
Distance of March this day about 7 miles, fine clear even- 
ing. Quialutimunk is a spot of Ground, situate on the 
River, line open k clear, quantity about 1200 Acres, soil 
very rich, Timber fine, grass in abundance, k contains sev- 
eral exceeding fine Springs. 

136 Colonel Eableys Journal, 1779. 

Monday, August 2 nd . 

In consequence of the difficult & tedious March the pro- 
ceeding* day, the Army received orders to continue on the 
ground this day, in the mean time to provide themselves 
with five days provision, and getting every other matter in 
perfect readiness for a march next morning, 6 °'cloek. 
Nothing material happened during our stay on this ground. 

Tuesday the S' d . 

Agreeable to orders, took up the line of March 6 o'clock 
a.m. Took the mountains. After we assended. found them 
exceeding level for at least 6 miles. Land tolerable, the 
Timber vizt. Pine & White Oak chiefly large. About three 
mile from Quialutimunk we crossed near another Cataract 
which decent the mountain in three successive falls, the last 
of which is equaly if not superior to the one already de- 
scribed, altho' its not quite so high it is much wider, and 
likewise empties into Susquehcmah seemingly white as 
Milch. They are commonly known by the name of Butter 
Milch falls. 

About 12 o'Clock we decented the Mountain, near the 
river, March'd about one Mile on flat piece of Land, and 
arrived at Tunkhannunk, a beautiful stream of Water so 
called, which empties into Susquehannah. CrossM the 
same, and encamped on the River, about 1 o'Clock p.m. 
Nothing material happened this day, excepting a discovery 
of two Indians, by the party on the AVest side of the river. 
Indians finding themselves rather near the party where 
obliged to leave their cannoe & make thro' the Mountains. 
Party took possession of the cannoe, and brought it to their 
encamping place for that evening, immediately opposite the 
Main Army, — distance of March this day 1- mile. 

Wednesday the -i th . 

The Army was in motion 5 •'Clock a.m., and moved up 

the river, for three miles, chiefly on the beach, close under 
an almost inaccesable Mountain. We then ascended the 

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tame, with greatest dificulty, and continued on it for near 
seven mile, a considerable distance from the River, — the 
Path along the Mountain was exceedingly rough, and car- 
ried us thro' several very considerable Swamps in which 
where large Morrasses. The lands in general thin & broken, 
abounds with Wild Deer and other Game. We then De- 
scended the Mountain, and at the foot of it, cross'd a small 
Creek called Massasppe (immediately where it empties into 
the river), we then continued up the same until we made 
VanderUps Farm, discovered several old Indian Encamp- 
ments, one of them appear d to have been very large. 

The Lands after crossing Massasppe, are exceedingly line 
& rich, the soil very black & well Timbered, chiefly with 
black Walnut, which are remarkable large, some not less 
than 6 feet over, and excessive high. Its likewise well cal- 
culated for making fine and extensive Meadows. The Main 
Army took post for this Night on VanderUps farm, and the 
Infantry advanced about one mile higher up, and encamp'd 
about one o'Clock p.m., on a place known by the name of 
Williamsons farm. Distance of March this day 14 miles, 
line clear day, very hot. 

Thursday the 5 th . 

In consequence of orders, issued last evening to march 
this Morning 5 o'Clock, we struck tents & loaded baggage. 
But Boats being considerably impeded by the rappidness of 
the Water, some Miles below our encampment, could not 
reach us <fc where obliged to halt all night. Did not join us 
till 9 o'Clock a.m., all which time we were oblig'd to halt, 
on their arrival the whole Army where put in motion, and 
as more Dangers on this Days March was apprehended, 
than any before, the following disposition of the Army took 
place vizt. The right & left columns of the Light Corp 
conducted by Genl. Hand, moov'd along the Top of a very 
high mountain. Main body of Light Corp under Colo. 
llubleys Command, with an advance of 24 men, moov'd on 
the beach several mile on the edge of the Water. The 
Main Army followed by the baggage &c. flank'd on their 

138 Colonel Hubley's Journal 1770. 

right by 400 men, who had likewise to take this Mountain, 
thus we moov'd for several mile, then arrived in a small 
Valey, called Depttes farm, the land very good. Observ'd 
and reconnoitred this ground for some distance, it being the 
place on which Colo. Hartley wa3 attacked by the savages 
last year on his return from Tioga to Wyoming. The Coun- 
try being fine & open, some loss was sustained on both sides, 
the savages at last gave way and Colo. Hartley pursued his 
rout to Wyoming without further Molestation. Continued 
our March for about one mile & form'd a junction with the 
parties on the right flanks, assended a high mountain and 
march'd for some miles on the same. Land poor, Timber 
but small, chiefly Pine, after which decented the Mountain 
nearly one mile in length and arrived in a fine k large 
Valley, known by the name of Wyalusing, the Main Army 
took post at this place and the Infantry advanc'd about 
one mile in front of them, and Encamp'd about 2 o' Clock 
p.m. Clear but very warm day — distance of March this day 
10| miles. 

This Valley was formerly call'd Old-Mans farm k occupied 
by the Indians k White people together, they had about 60 
Houses, a considerable Moravian Meeting-house k sundry 
other public buildings, but since the commencement of the 
present War, the whole has been consumed k laid waist, 
partly by the savages k partly by our own people. The 
land is extrodiomary, calculated chiefly fur meadows. The 
grass at this time is almost beyond description, high k thick, 
chiefly blue grass and the soil of the land very rich. The 
Volley contains about 1200 Acres of land, bounded on one 
side by an almost inaccessable Mountain & on the other by 
the river Susquehannah. 

Friday August 6 th . 

The Boats not arriving before late this day, the Army re- 
ceived orders to continue on the ground. In the mean time 
to be provided with three Days provisions, get their Arms 
k accoutrements in perfect order, and be in readiness for a 
March, Early tomorrow morning. A Sub. k 24 Men from 

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My Reg 1 reeonoitered Vicinity of Gamp, return'd in the 
Evening, made no discoveries. Rain all night. 

Saturday the 7 th . 

The heavy rain last night & this Morning rendered it ut- 
terly impossible to march this day, continued on the ground 
for further orders. 

A Cap* & 30 men from my l&eg* reconnoitered vicinity of 
Camp, made no discoveries. 

This day received a Letter (p r Express) from his Ex- 
cellency Gen 1 Washington, dated Head-quarters at New- 

Sunday the 8 th . 

The Army moov'd (in same order as on the 5 th ) this 
Morning 5 °'clock, cross'd Wyalusing Creek and asscended 
an extensive Mountain. The Top remarkably level, lands 
poor and timber small, arriv'd about 10 °'clock a.m. at the 
North end and decended the same, close on the river side, 
and continued along the beach for some distance, after which 
we entered an extensive valley or plain, known by the name 
of Standing Stone, made a halt here for about half an hour, 
for refreshment. This place derives its name from a large 
solid Stone standing errect in the river, immediately opposite 
this plain. Its near 20 feet in h eighth 14 feet in width & 
3 feet in depth. This valley abounds in grass, the Land ex- 
ceeding fine k produces chiefly White Oak, black Walnut 
k pine Timber. After Refreshment continued our March 
along the same Valley. Land not quite so fine. Arriv'd 
about 3 o'Cloek p.m. at a small Creek call'd Wesauking, 
cross'd the same, and encamp'd one mile beyond it, & im- 
mediately on the River. 

4 O'clock P.M. 

Since our arrival at this place, some ot my officers dis- 
covered a small Indian Encampment seemingly occupy'd but 
a few days since, found near the same a neat Canoe, which 


Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

they brought oil*. This evening the scout (of 3 men) send 
up to Shacksheiica, some days since, return'd, without mak- 
ing any discoveries. 

Genl. Sullivan on aceo* of his Indisposition came on this 
day in the boat. 

Monday, August 9 th . 

The Boats not being able to reach Wesanking the ground 
on which Light Corps encampt, preceeding evenings, The 
Main body in consequence thereof took post & encamp'd 
at Standing Stone, about three mile below, Light Corp En- 
campment, for protection of the Boats. 

The Light corps on acco 1 of their detatch'd situation from 
Main body, the preceeding evening, and apprehending some 
danger, being considerably advanc'd in the Enemys Coun- 
try, for their greater Security, stood under Arms, from 3 
°'Clock a.m. untill day-light, where then dismissed, with 
orders to hold themselves in readiness at a moments warn- 
ing. Previous to their dismissal my Light Infantry C° was 
send out to reconnoiter the vicinity of Encampment, return'd 
about 7 o'Clock a.m., made no discovery. 

This Morning 9 o'Clock, boats hove in sight, in conse- 
quence thereof received orders to strike Tents & be in readi- 
ness for a March. Main Army in the meantime arriv'd 
about 10 o'Clock, the whole was in motion. Marched thro' 
a difficult Swamp, at North end of same, cross'd a small 
stream and asscended a hill. Land poor, & wood but indif- 
ferent, about 12 o'Clock p.m. dec-ended the same, and 
entered a small valley, continued about half mile, when we 
assended a very remarkable high mountain generally known 
by the name of Break-neck-hiU. 

This mountain derives its name from the great heigh th, 
the difficult & narrow passage, not more than one foot 
wide, and remarkable presipice, which is immediately per- 
pendicular, & not less than 180 feet deep. One miss-step 
must inevidably carry you from top to bottom without least 
hope or chance of recovery. At North end of same entered 
a most extensive & beautiful Valley, call'd Skeshecununck. 


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Gen 1 Sullivan w t!l a number of officers made a halt here at 
a most beautiful Run of Water, took a bite of dinner k 
refreshment of Spirit k Waiter, continued near an hour and 
then proceded on along the Valley, which very particularly 
struck my attention. Any quantity of Meadow May be 
made here, abounds w- h all kinds of wood, particularly 
White Oak, Hickory & black Walnut, the ground covered 
with grass & Pea-wines, the soil in general very rich. About 
4 o'Clock p.m. arrived on the Bank of the river. The whole 
Encamp'd in a line, on a most beautiful plain call'd Upper- 
Sites hecun line k, this plain consists chiefly in a meadow, the 
grass remarkably thick & high. On our arrival here, made 
discoveries of some new Indian traes, places on which fire 
had just been & fresh bows cut, and appear'd as if the place 
had just been oecupy'd a few hours before our arrival. 
Distance of march this day 9J mile. 

Tuesday August 10 fh . 

Set in with rain and Boats not reaching this place before 
9 o'clock this morning. Army received orders to continue 
on the ground untill further orders. Men drew k cook'd 
two days provisions. 

One Regiment from each of the Brigades attended Gen 1 
Sullivan, the General k Field Officers of the Army, whilst 
they were reconnoitering the River and Ground near Tioga 
branch about 3 mile above this place. Returned without 
any discoverys worthv remark, about 4 o'clock p.m. 

Wednesday August 11 th . 

Agreeable to orders, The Army rnoov'd this morning 8 
o'clock a.m. in the usual order, Light Corp rnoov'd half an 
hour before the Main Body, and took post on the Banks q^l 
the -river, near the fording place. On the arrival of the 
Main Army & Boats, Colo. Forrest drew up his Boat at 
the fording place & fired several six pounders on the opposite 
shore in order to scour the woods and thickets, and prevent 
any Ambuacadea from taking place. In the mean time the 


Colonel Hulley's Journal, 1779. 

Light Corp, march'd by platoons link'd together (on account 
of the rappidity ot the Water) and forded the same, and 
effected a Landing about nine o'clock, they immediately 
advanc'd about 100 yards across the river and form'd in 
line of Battle in order to cover the landing of the Main 
Army which we savely effected about 10 o'clock .a.m., after 
which came on Pack-horses cattle &c. covered by a Regi- 
ment which compos'd the rear Guard. About half past ten 
o'clock the whole moov'd in following order. 

Order of March up Tioga Flats. 



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Previous to our arrival on the flats, we had to pass about 
one & half mile thro' a dark difficult swamp, which was 
covered with weeds & considerable underwoods, interspersed 
with large Timber chiefly Button wood. We then entered 
the Flats, near the place on which Queen Esthers pallace 
stood, and was destroy 'd by Colo. Hartleys detachment last 
Fall. The grass is remarkable thick & high, we cont d along 
the same for about one mile &, arriv'd at the entrance ot 
Tioga branch into Susquehannah. About 1 o'clock we 
cross'd the same and landed on a Peninsula of land which 
extends toward Chemung and is bounded on the East by 
Susquehannah & on the West by Tioga branch and con- 
tinued up the same for about two miles & a half, and En- 
camp'd. This Peninsula is eompos'd of excellent Medow 
& Upland, Grass in plenty and Timber of all kind, and soil 
in general good. Distance of march this day 5 mile. Since 
our arrival a scout of 8 men was ordered up to reconoiter 
Chemung and endeavour to make discoveries of the number 
of Savages & their situation if possible. 

Thursday Aug 1 12. 

Tioga Plain : — This being a place calculated to cover the 
Western Army during the Expedition to the Northward of 
it. A garrison for that purpose is to remain until our 
return. Sundry Works for the security of the same are 
now erecting about 2J Miles distant from where Tioga 
branch empties into Susquehannah, and where the two 
rivers are but about 190 yards distance from each other. 
those Works to extend from river to river. 

Capt. Cummings with his Scout (sent out last evening) 
return'd this day 11 o'clock a.m., made several discoverys 
at Chemung, an Indian Village 12 Miles distance from this 
place. In consequence of which a council of War sat & 
Determined an Expedition should immediately take place 
for the reduction of the same. The Army (two Regiments 
excepted) received orders to be in readiness for an iYnnie- 


Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779, 

diate march. 8 o'clock p.m. the whole where in motion 
and proceeded for Chemung. 

Friday August 13 th 1779. 

The Army having march 'd last evening 8 o'clock p.m. in 
the following order vizt. Light Corp under Com' 1 of Gen. 
Hand led the Van, then followed Gens. Poor and Maxwells 
Brigades which formed Main body & Corps de reserve, the 
whole under immediate command of Maj r . Gen 1 . Sullivan. 
The night being excessive dark and the want of proper 
guides, impeded our march, besides which we had several 
considerable defiles to march thro' that we could not possi- 
bly reach Chemung till after day-light. The morning being 
foggy, favoured our enterprize, Our Pilot on our arrival 
from some disagreeable emotions he felt, could not find the 
Town. We discovered a few Hutts which we surrounded, 
but found them Vacated. After about one hours search, we 
came upon the Main town. The following disposition for 
surprizing the same was ordered to take place, viz*. Two 
Regiments one from the Light Corp k one from Main body 
were ordered to cross the river and prevent the Enemy from 
making their escape that way (should they still hold the 
Town) The remainder of the Light Corp viz* 2 Indep* 
Companies & My Regiment under Com' 1 of Brig r Hand were 
to make the attack on the Town. Gen 1 Poor was immid' v 
to moove up and support the Light Corp. We moov'd in 
this order accordingly but the savages probably having dis- 
covered our Scouting party the preceeding day, defeated 
our Enterprize by evacuating the village previous to our 
coming, carrying off with them nearly all their furniture 
and stock, and leaving an empty village only, which fell an 
easy conquest, about 5 o'clock a.m. The situation of this 
village was beautiful, it contained 50 or 60 Houses, chiefly 
build of Loggs & frames situate on the banks of Tioga 
branch and on a most fertile & beautiful extensive plain, the 
land chiefly calculated for meadows and the soil rich. 

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The Army continued for some small space in the Town, 
Gen 1 Hand in the mean time advanced my Light Infan r 
Corap 7 under Capt. Bush about one mile beyond the Village 
on a path ™ leads to a small Indian Habitation called New- 
town. On Cap 4 Bush's arrival there, he discovered fires 
burning, an Indian Dog—lay asleep, a number of Dearskins, 
some blankets &c. He immediately gave information of 
Ids discoveries, in consequence of which the remainder part 
of t\ie Light Corp viz fc the two Indep* Companies k My Reg 1 
uuder Gen 1 Hands command were ordered to rnoove some 
miles up the path, and endeavour if possible to make 
some discoveries, we accordingly proceeded on in the fol- 
lowing order viz* Cap* Walker ~ 24 Men, compos'd the van, 
then 11 th Reg* under my command after —the two Indep* 
Com rjf the whole, covered on the left by Tioga branch k on 
the right by Cap* Bush's Infantry co. of 40 Men — in this 
order we moov'd some what better than a mile beyond the 
place, the fires first were discovered when our Van was fired 
upon by a party of savages who lay conceal'd on a high hill 
immediately upon our right and which Cap* Bush had not 
yet made. We immediately formed a front with my Regi- 
ment, pushed up the Hill with a degree of intrepidity seldom 
to be met with, and under a very severe fire from the 
savages. Cap* Bush in the mean time endeavoured to gain 
the Enemys rear. They — Enemy seeing the determined 
resolutions of our troops, retreated and according to custom, 
previous to our dislodging them carried off their wounded 
k dead, by which means they deprived us from coming to 
the knowledge of their loss. 

The ground on the opposite side of the Mountain or ridge 
on which the action commenc'd, being compos'd of Swamp 
& low grass covered with underwood &c, favoured their 
retreat, and prevented our pursuing them, by which means 
they got off. 

Our loss on this occasion which totaly (excepting two) 
fell on my Regiment was as follows vz* Two Captains, one 
Adjut., one guide k eight privates wounded, and one Serg*, 
vol. xxxiii. — 10 

146 Colonel Uubley's Journal, 1779. 

one Drumer & four privates kill'd. Officers names viz 1 Cap' 
Walker (slight wound) Cap* Carbury k Adj* Huston (I fear 

We, after gaining the summit of the hill & dislodging the 
Enemy marclrd by the right of Companies in 8 columns 
and continued along the same untill the arrival of Gen 1 
Sullivan Ave then halted for some little time, and then 
returned to the village, which was instantly laid in Ashes 
and a party detach'd to cross the river & destroy the Corn, 
beans, Pumpkins, Squashes & other Vegetables &c of w* 
there were several very extensive fields, and those articles 
in the greatest perfection. Whilst the Troops were engag'd 
in this business Gen 13 Poor & Maxwells Brigades were tired 
upon, lost one man kill'd k several wounded. The whole 
business being compleated, we return'd to the ruins of the 
Village halted some little time and received Orders to return 
to Tioga plain, at which place we arrived 8 o'clock p.m., 
considerably fatigued. Least the Savages should discover 
our loss after leaving the place, I had the dead bociys of 
my Reg* carried along, iix'd on horses and brought to this 
place for interment. 

The expedition from first to last continued 24 hours, of 
which time my Regiment was imploy'd without least inter- 
mission 23 hours. The whole of our march not less than 
40 miles. 

(To be continued.) 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 14 


Arranged and Edited with an Introduction and Xotes. 


(Concluded from page 85.) 


1187. Meeschert Miss Lily. "For 

her Father." 30x25 1S71 

Mary Elizabeth Albert ine, daughter of 11S5, married John 
Blackwood Grant and resides at Douglassville, Pa. 

1188. Meeschert Senr. Mr., "copy 

from a daugerreotype of 

the late, for his son.'' 30x25 1S71 

Huizinga Meeschert (1S0S-1S71) was born in Philadelphia 
and was a noted ton vivant. In his latter days he grew to 
such an enormous size that locomotion was impossible 
for him. t He was the last to drive about the city with a 
footman standing od a rack at the back of his carriage. 

1189. Metcalp Thos., "for Dr 

Dewees." Bust 1S11 

1190. Middleton Miss. Head 1S56 

1191. Middleton Miss, "& sister. 

For their father."— 
"Painted for myself as 
their father counter- 
manded." Bust 185r» 

1192. Middleton Mrs. A., "of 

South Carolina." Kit-kat 1816 

148 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 180t~1871. 


1193. Middleton Mrs. Jn. Izard, 

"copy from my former 

Pict." Kit-kat 1826 

There is no "former picture" under the name of Mrs. John 
Izard Middleton, in the Register. Sully has either made a 
mistake in the Christian name (vide 1192) or has failed to 
enter the "former picture," or it was painted under her 
maiden name. There were two Mesdames of this name 
at the same period. Owned by Mrs. Hawkins K. Jenkins, 
South Carolina. 

1194. Middleton Mrs. H. ; "of 

Charleston for her son." Bust 1S31 

1195. Millar G. "Modeller." Head 1S15 

George 51. Miller (d. 1819) was doubtless a German as we 
find his name spelled Miiller. He was a potter, stonecutter, 
and modeller, and executed a fine bas relief of Washington 
in possession of the writer and one of Jefferson in the Amer. 
Phil. Soc. See the writer's " Life Portraits of Washington 
and of Jefferson" in McClure's Magazine, Feb., 1S97, p. 
305, and May, 1S9S, p. 52, for extended notices of Miller. 

1196. Miller Dr., "of New York." Kit-kat 1812 

1197. Miller Gen. "Design for 

Medal." 10x12 1822 

James Miller (1776-1851). Entered the army in 1808 as 
Major of the 4th Infantry and saw important service in the 
War of 1812. At the battle of Lundy's Lane he captured a 
British battery which decided the fortune of the day. For 
this service he was brevetted Brigadier General and re- 
ceived a gold medal from Congress. 

1198. Miller Jno. S. "Merchant," Head 1S35 

1199. Miller Mrs., "of Tennessee." 24x20 1845 

1200. Miller Mrs., "of New York, 

late Miss Wheatly . ' ' Head 1 854 

1201. Minis Miss, "Georgetown S. 

C. Mother was D. Cohen." Bust 1S33 

Sarah Anna Minis (1811-1834) of Savannah, Ga., m. Dr. 
Isaac Hays, of Philadelphia. Owned by Miss Hays, Phila, 

-?-«-.- ■-. gjRJ^art^lRaaggi g ^ 1 J „ - *j C t ' & l 

.- - ..... f&a h 

^^a»ci^u^«i. — - ^*^&is±vx&iL^jM* — 


AET. 38 

From the original portrait painted by himself in 1S21 


Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 149 


1202. Minor Miss Catharine, " of 

Natchez." Kit-kat 1816 

1203. Minor Miss Fanny, "of 

Natchez." Kit-kat 1816 

1204. Mitchell Master G., "from 

a Daugerreotype. " Head 1854 

1205. Mitchell Master G., "Be- 

gan a 2nd Portrait of 

Mitchell's son.' ' Heau 1854 

1206. Mitchell Mrs., "for her hus- 

band," Head 1853 

1207. Mitchell Miss Sally. 12 x 10 1805 

1208. Mo ale Mr. Saml. "Attor- 

ney." Bust 1823 

1209. Monroe Colonel, "Ex Pres. 

U. S. for M. A. W. P. 
The 2 first named were 
begun at Washington. 
The Presd. at his place 

Oak Hill." Head 1829 

"The 2 first" were 1135 and 1154. 

1210. Monroe Ex. Prest., "for 

West Point." Whole length 1832 

James Monroe (175S-1831) should always be remembered 
as an honest and an upright politician and his administra- 
tion has been designated "the era of good feeling." 1209 is 
owned by the Union League of Philadelphia and 1210 by 
the U. S. Military Academy at West Point. 

1211. Monroe Mrs. "Sister to Mrs 

Cruggar New York." Head 1843 

Tide 379 and 458. 

150 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1212. Monroe Mrs. James, " for her 

brother Douglas/'* Bust 1844 

This could not have been the wife of the President, who was 
Elizabeth Kortright and died in 1330. 

1213. Monroe Miss Fanny, "for 

her uncle W Douglas." Bust 1844 

1214. Montgomery Dr. DD., "for 

Dr. Wiltbank." Bust 1833 

James Montgomery (1787-1834) was born in Philadelphia, 
graduated at Princeton, admitted to the bar and entered 
the ministry in IS 16 under Bishop White, whose grand- 
daughter he married. He was rector of St. Stephen's 
Church, Phila., from 1823 until his death. 

1215. Montgomery Miss Mary. Bust 1815 

Daughter of 1217 (1794-1S65), married 1174, March 5, 1815. 
This portrait was retouched by Sully in 1837 and is owned 
by her granddaughter Miss Emily Williams Biddle, of 

1216. Montgomery Mr. J., "for 

Mrs Phillips. ,, Kit-kat 1818 

1217. Montgomery Mrs. Bust 1815 

John Crathorne Montgomery, 1216, married Nov. 25, 1817, 
Elizabeth Henrietta Philips, 1312. 1216 and 1217 were 
owned by Austin J. Montgomery, of Philadelphia. 

1218. Moore Mrs., "of Baltimore." 12 x 10 1804 

1219,-Mordaci Capt., "of Arsenal 

at Frankford." Head 1836 

Alfred Mordecai (1S04-18S7) graduated first in the class 
of 1823, U. S. Military Academy at West Point, and was a 
member of the military commission from this government 
to the Crimea in 1S55-57 and his report was published by 
order of Congress. He attained the rank of Major and 
resigned at the breaking out of the rebellion, being a North 
Carolinian by birth, but took no active part in the war. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 151 


1220. Moreau General, '-'copied 

from a Min." Bust 1815 

Jean Victor Moreau (1763-1813), a French soldier and the 
only military rival of Napoleon, who exiled him in 1S04. 
He came to tins country and settled at Morrisville, on the 
Delaware River, opposite Trenton, and when war between 
Great Britain and this country was imminent President 
Madison offered Moreau the command of the U. S. troops, 
which he was about to accept when Napoleon's disastrous 
Russian campaign decided him to return to Europe. He 
entered a campaign against Napoleon and fell mortally 
wounded at the battle of Dresden. 

1221. Morgan Mr., "a subscriber 

for Mr Rawle." Bust 1808 

Benjamin R. Morgan (1765-1840), a prominent lawyer of 

1222. Morris Gasper, "a sub- 

scriber." Bust 180S 

1223. Morris Gasper, "copied 

from my port." Bust 1828 

1224. Morris Mrs. Gaspar. Bust 1808 

1225. Morris Gouvenier, "a sub- 

scriber for Mr Meredith.' ' Kit-kat 1S0S 

Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816), member of Constitutional 
Convention, 1787, Minister to France, 1792, and elected U. S. 
Senator in April, 1800. Mr. Meredith (1182) married the niece 
of 1225. Owned by Miss Catharine K. Meredith, Philadelphia. 

1226. Morris Gouvenier, "copied 

from the first." Half length . 1S08 

Owned by grandchildren of Mr. Morris, Morrisania, N. Y. 
Engraved by J. B. Longacre. 

1227. Morris Mrs. T., "painted 

when on a visit to N. 

York." Bust 1814 

Sally Kane (1778-1853) married May 28, 1799, Thomas, 
second son of 1230. Owned by C. F. M. Stark, of Dun- 
barton, N. Hamp. 

152 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 



1228. Morris Mr. 








1229. Morris Mrs. T. B., " of South 

St" Bust 1822 

1230. Morris Robert. "Retouch- 

ing a copy of Otis from 

Stuart." Bust 1824 

Robert Morris (1734-1806), signer of the Declaration of 
Independence and financier of the American Revolution. 
"Without Robert Morris the sword of Washington would 
have rusted in its sheath." Owned by the Historical Society 
of Penna. There must have been considerable " retouching," 
as the charge was $120, when Sully's regular price for 
portraits, at this time, was only $100. 

1231. Morris Thomas AY. "Brew- 

er." Bust 1825 

Thomas Morris (1778-1840), fifth in descent from Anthony 
Morris, who came with Perm to found Pennsylvania. Owned 
by great-grandson T. Morris Perot, Phila. 

1232. Morrison Mrs., "of Arch 

St." Bust 1839 

Anne Morrison (1798-1866). Owned by Mrs. Frederic 
Collins, Philadelphia. 

1233. Morton George, "painted 

in Baltimore." ' Bust 1S22 

1234. Morton Washington, "for 

Mrs. Schyler." Head 1S07 

1235. Morton Mrs. W., "for P. 

Schyler Esq." Head 1807 

Cornelia Schuyler married Washington Morton. Vide 14S2. 

1236. Moses Mr., "of New York." Bust 1808 

1237. Mosher Mr. "Son of Mrs 

Mosher of Georgetown." Bust 1S53 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801~1871. 153 



123S. Mosher Mrs. "Mother of 

Mrs Caperton." Bust 

Vide 272. 

1239. Mozart, '''copied from a 

Print painted by Teisch- 

bein." 17x12 

1240. Mulexberg Mr., "deceased 

from Peale's painting.' 7 Bust 




The name should doubtless be spelled "Muhlenburg. 

1241. Mulenberg Mr., "2nd copy 

for Mr. Sheaf." Bust 

1242. Mumford Mrs., "of Schen- 

nectady for Harding 
Pase." Bust 

1243. Murdock Margaretta. 


1244. Murdoch Mrs. ''Sister of 

Alex Turnbull Esq." Head 

1245. Mutter Mrs., "a subscriber 

to my low price $50." Head 

1246. Myers Gustavus, "for his 

family." Head 

1247. Myers Mr., "of Norfolk a 

subscriber." Bust 

1248. Myers Mr. Kit-kat 

John Myers (d. 1844). 







1249. Myers Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Merkin." Kit-kat 1S14 

Catherine Miercken (1796-1874) was the daughter of Captain 
Peter Miercken, of Phila., and wife of 124S. 124S and 
1249 are owned by Mrs. Dr. Laws, of Washington, D. C. 
1249 is one of the finest portraits of women painted by Sully. 

154 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1301-1871. 



1250. Napoleon, "copied for Mr 

Alston of Georgetown." Bust 1825 

1251. Neagle Elizabeth, " for her 

brother." 24x20 1867 

1252. Neagle Garrett. Head 1866 

To Mr. Garrett Cross Xeagle I am indebted for much assist- 
ance in the preparation of this work. Although his mother 
was the daughter of Thomas Sully's brother Lawrence, 
Mr. Sully always called him and treated him a3 his own 

1253. Neagle Mary, "for her 

brother Garrett. " 24 x 20 1867 

1254. Neagle Sally, "for her 

brother." 24x20 1867 

Wife of Rev. S. F. Hotchkin. 

1255. Neagle Susan, "for her 

brother Garrett. " 24 x 20 1867 

1251 to 1255 are owned by Garrett C. Xeagle, Philadelphia. 

1256. Neilson J. C. ; "of Balti- 

more." Bust 1818 

1257. Neilson Miss, "for Mrs 

Mallon." Bust 1814 

125S. Neilson Miss, "deceased. 
Copied from my 1st 
Pict." Bust 181S 

1259. Neilson Miss, "2nd copy for 

her brother." 




Nemo Lawyer. 




New Elizabeth. 




Newbold Mrs., 




Half length 


Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 155 


1263. Newbold Mary, "& lap clog 

whole length." Kit-kat 1816 

1264. Newman Mary. Half length 1S32 

1265. Nones Miss, " for Mr Moss." Bust 1815 

1266. Norris Wm., "mercht. for- 

merly of Bait." Bust 1S30 

William Xorris, founder of the Norris Locomotive Works 
in Philadelphia. 

1267. Norms Mrs. Wm., "formerly 

of Baltimore." Bust 1S30 

Was Mary Ann Heide (1803-1865). 1266 and 1267 owned 
by G. Heide Xorris, Philadelphia. 

1268.- Norris W.m., "of the Club 

'United Bowman.' " Bust 1S37 

1269. Norris Mrs. Wm. Bust 1S39 

126S and 1269 are the same subjects as 1266 and 1267. 
Owned by S. Henry Norris, Philadelphia. 

1270. Nott Mrs., "wife of Professor 

Nott of Wisconsin." Bust 1839 

Wagner." Bust 1827 

1271. Nugent Mr., "for Mr 

Tide 1764. 


1272. Ogden Samuel G., " for Beck- 

man & Mortin." Bust 1S07 

This undoubtedly should be Beekman and Morton. 

1273. O'Neill Miss, " copied from a 

Sketch." Head 1822 

Elizabeth O'Neill (1791-1872) was a highly gifted tragic 
actress, born in Ireland, who withdrew from the stage, in 
1819. on her marriage with W. Wrixon Becher, M.P., who 
was created a baronet in 1831. Her portrait by Masquerier 
is in the National Portrait Gallery, London. 1273 belong* 
to the Historical Society of Penna. 

156 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1274. O'Neill Mrs., "of No. 424 

Coates St. below 5th." Bust 1865 

1275. Orcutt Rev. John D.D. 

" For Colonization Soc. " 24 x 30 1S6S 

Not in the collection of Colonization Society portraits in 
the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1276. Orne Mr. "Copy of a Dau- 

gerreotype of the late. " 30 x 24 1S53 

1277. Osborne Mrs., "of N. York. 

Sister to Mrs Furnace." Bust 1826 

1278. Otey Bh., "of Tennessee." Half length 1844 

James Hervey Otey (180Q-1S63) was born in Virginia and 
made Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Tenn. in 1834. He 
founded the University of the South at Suwanee, Tenn. 

1279. OttMons. "Jewier." Miniature 1801 

1280. Otto Mr. Bust 1809 


1281. Page Miss, "Potter & Page." Bust 1810 

1282. Page Mrs., "house of Potter 

&Page." Small size 180S 

1283. Pageot Mad. "Mother of. 

Copy Put by & begun 

another." Bust 1845 

1284. Pageot Mad. "Mother de- 

ceased from a pic'r. " Bust 1845 

1285. Paine Thomas. "Copied from 

Jarvais & sold to him." Bust 1S07 

The only portrait of Paine (1737-1809) painted by Jarvis 
that is known is a copy of the familiar portrait of Paine by 
Romney, that was engraved by Sharp, from which print 
Jarvis's portrait was doubtless made. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 157 


12S6. Parke Dr., "for the City 

Library." Kit-kat 1822 

Thomas Parke (1749-1835) was a physician, born iu Chester 
County, Pa., began the practice of his profession in Phila. 
in 1773, attaining eminence. He was a founder of the Col- 
lege of Physicians, 17S7, and its President from ISIS until his 
death. From 1778 he was a Director of the Library Com- 
pany of Phila., and this portrait belongs to that library. 


Parker Miss Lizzie, "of 

Media." Head 



Parsons Miss C. "Study for 

'Lady of the Lake.'" Head 



Patterson Joseph. Bust 


1200. Patterson J. "2nd Por- 
trait." Bust 1821 

The Maryland Historical Society owns a portrait catalogued 
"William Patterson/' the father of Madame Bonaparte, 
signed "T. S. 1821," which is not in the Register. Sully 
may have erred in entering the Christian name of 12S9 and 
1290, or the portrait in the Md. Hist. Soc. may be of 
Joseph and not of William Patterson, as the dates are the 

1291. Patterson Mrs. G., "for- 

merly C. Nichols." Bust 1821 

1292. Patterson Dr. R. M. "From 

a Port, by Du Bois." Bust 1S5G 

Robert Maskell Patterson (1787-1854), physician, was born 
in Phila. and in 1812 became professor of natural philosophy, 
etc., in the University of Penna. and was Director of the U. 
S. Mint from 1835 to 1851. He was President of the Amer. 
Philosophical Society, and one of the founders of the Frank- 
lin Institute and of the Musical Fund Society of Phfia. 

1293. Paul Mrs. James W., "of 4th 

St," Head 1844 

Was Hannah C. Bunker, daughter of Nathan Bunker and 
mother of Mrs. William Waldorf Astor. 

158 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1294. Payne Mr., "of Warrington 

Va." Bust 1854 

1295. Payne Mrs., "of Warrenton 

Va. Formerly Semmes." Head 1853 

1296. Peacock Mr., "of German- 

town." Head 1832 

1297. Peale Franklin, "for the 

Musical F. S." 30x25 1868 

Franklin Peale (1795-1870) was son of Charles Willson 
Peale and was appointed to the U. S. Mint in 1S33, becom- 
ing Chief coiner in 1839, an office he held until 1S54. 

1298. Peale Rembrandt. "Mu- 

seum. Painted in Balti- 
more." Head 1820 

1299. Peale Rembrandt," for Mr 

Joseph Harrison." Head 1859 

Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) was son of Charles Willson 
Peale and at the early age of seventeen painted a portrait 
of Washington from life. But this is not the familiar ''Rem- 
brandt Peale portrait of Washington,'' which is a compos- 
ite portrait, not from life, painted in 1S23. 1299 is owned 
by the Penna. Academy of Fine Arts, as also Peale's por- 
trait of Thomas Sully painted for Mr. Harrison at the same 

1300. Pearce Mr. G., u copied from 

a miniature." Bust 1807 

1301. Pendleton Judge," deceased. 

Copy for Mr Taylor." Bust 1855 

1302. Penn Wm., "for Marquis of 

Townsend." Bust 1807 

It would be interesting to know what portrait of Penn Mr. 
Sully copied at this period. 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 150 


1303. Penx Will,, " from the statue 

in Hospital Yard, City 

C." Kit-kat 1S24 

This statue was presented to the Hospital by John Penn in 
1804, it having, in 1775, adorned the garden of Lord Le 
Despenser's place at Wyecomb, but subsequently found its 
way to the junk shop where John Penn rescued it and sent 
it as a gift to the hospital. It has no iconographic value, 
having been modelled apparently after the figure in West's 
picture of the Treaty with the Indians. 

1304. Perennaeu Mr., "for his 

sister." Head 1842 

1305. Perine Mr., "for his son 

Glen." 20x24 1852 

1306. Perkins Col. T. H., "for the 

Athenaeum of Boston 
and begun there at his 
house. ' ' Whole length 1 83 1 

Thomas Handasyde Perkins (1764-1854), a prominent mer- 
chant of Boston and philanthropist and a generous con- 
tributor to the Boston Athenaeum, where the portrait now 
is. Its price was $600, the highest to this time. 

1307. Perkins Mrs., "from New 

Orleans." Bust 1846 

1308. Peters Dr.' "Copy from an 

old picture for St 

Peters." 30x25 1862 

Richard Peters (1704-1776) was born in England and came 
to Phila., where in 1762 he became rector of the United 
Churches of Christ and St. Peters. 

1309. Peters Miss Eliza. "In 

Philadelphia." Bust 1841 

Eliza W. S. Peters married John Field and in 1887 Mr. and 
M:s. Field gave to the Penna. Acad, of Fine Arts a small 
collection of paintings including this portrait. 

160 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01-1871. 


1310. Petigru Miss C. ''Painted 

in Charleston S C." Kit-kat 1841 

1311. Petigru Mr., "for Mrs Car- 

son his daughter." Head 1842 

1312. Philips Miss Elizh. Kit-kat 1S12 

Elizabeth Henrietta Philips (1797-1S50), daughter of Henry 
and Sophia Chew Philips, married 1216. Owned by her son 
Austin W. Montgomery. Vide 1217. 

1313. Physick Dr., "for Dr. 

Deweese." Bust 1809 

Philip Syng Physick (1763-1837), born in Philadelphia and 
one of her most eminent physicians. Professor of Surgery 
and Anatomy in the University of Penna., 1805-1S31. There 
is a chalk engraving, in outline, of this portrait and the 
painting belongs to the U. S. Army Medical Museum, 
Washington, D. C, 

1314. Physick Mrs., "'late consort 

of Dr. Physick/" Head 1844 

Dr. Physick married Elizabeth Emlen (1773-1820). 1314 
was painted from a miniature circa 1800, with the costume 
changed to the period of the painting. Owned by Philip 
Syng Physick Conner, Octorara, Md. 

1315. Physic Philip, "deceased. 

hand introduced. " Bust 1848 

Portrait of Philip Physick, eldest son of 1313 and 1314. 
It was from a daguerreotype and is owned by Mrs. Charles 
P. Keith, Philadelphia. 

1316. Pickering H. "Study of 

three children." Bust 1818 

1317. Picot Mrs. "Copied from a 

photograph for her son." Kit-kat 1866 

1318. Pike Marixus. Bust 1S00 

Marinus \V. Pike was a carver, gilder, and frame maker 
at 6th and North Streets, Philadelphia. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 161 


1319. Pike Mrs. Bust 1809 

1320. Pinckney Mrs. Cotesworth, 

"for Mrs Elliott." Kit-kat 1827 

Sully's portrait of Mrs. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was 
exhibited at the Charleston Exposition, 1901-02, by Miss 
M. E. Pinckney of Blovring Rock, N. C. Pveproduced in 
Earle's Two Centuries of Costume in America. 

1321. Pipkin Dr., "of Muffiebor- 

borough North Carolina." Kit-kat 1825 

1322. Pipkin Mrs., "Murfresbor- 

ough." Kit-kat 1825 

1323. Pipkin Mr., "deceased from 

a miniature. " Bust 1826 

1324. Pitkins Genl., "copy for his 

grandson." Bust 1835 

3325. Planch b Master A. B., "of 

N. O. for Mr Constant." Bust 1825 

1326. PlattMr. "Merchant." Head 1841 

William Piatt, an East Indian merchant of Philadelphia, 
and father of Charles Piatt, President of the Insurance 
Company of North America, 1878-1909. 

1327. Platt Mrs. "Mother of Mrs 

Pepper Junr." Head 1841 

Maria Taylor, wife of 1326, whose daughter was Mrs. David 

1328. Podesta Mrs., "a copy for 

Mrs Carter." Head 1844 

This is doubtless a copy of 282, as Mildred Lee Carter, 
daughter of Bernard Moore Carter, married Luis de Potea- 
dad, whose son married 292. 

1329. Poinsett Joel, "for Col. 

Pinkney." Head 1S27 

vol. xxxiii. — 11 

162 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1330. Poinsett Honble J., "copy 

for Mr. Burn." Head 1827 

1331. Poinsett Joel. "For P. S. 

Painted in Washingn." Bust 1840 

Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779-1851) was a South Carolinian 
and first minister to Mexico from the U. S. He opposed 
nullification and was Secy, of War under Van Buren. 1331 
is in the hall of the American Philosophical Society at Phila. 

1332. Polk James K. "Presd. U. 

S. for College Chapel 

Hill." Half length 1847 

1333. Polk J. K. "Presd Finished 

the Sketch begun in 

June." Head 1847 

James Knox Polk (1795-1849), eleventh President of the 
U. S. 1332 is owned by the University of North Carolina, 
at Chapel Hill, and 1333 is in the possession of Albert Rosen- 
thal of Phila. 

1334. Pollard Mr., "of Norfolk 

Va." Bust 1835 

1335. Pollock George, "North 

C." Bust 1825 

1336. Porcher Mrs. Harriet, "for 

our sister E. Smith." Head 1837 

Mrs. Porcher was a sister of Mr. Sully and her portrait, by 
her brother, was exhibited at the Charleston Exposition of 
1901-02 by Mrs. Elizabeth W. Hughes and is reproduced 
in Earle's Two Centuries of Costume in America. 

1337. Pore Mr., "cabinet maker." Bust 1S06 

1338. Porter Mr. Head 1807 

1339. Post Rev., "of the Circular 

Church." Bust 1S46 

Painted in Charleston, S. C. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 163 


1340. Potter Elizabeth. "For Mr. 

Dr. Trotter." 20x17 1849 

Married Henry Ashhurst of Philadelphia. 

1341. Potter Maria & Emily, "for 

their Father." Head 1849 

1342. Potter Master John, "for 

his Father." 20x17 1849 

1343. Potter Miss Alice, "18 

months old." Head 1847 

Married J. Dundas Lippincott of Philadelphia. 

1344. Potter Miss Mary, "at 

Princeton where I vis- 
ited." • 20x17 1849 

1345. Potter Miss Sarah, "for her 

Father." 20x17 1849 

1346. Potter Mr. J., "of Trenton 

or Princeton." Bust 1841 

1347. Potter Mr. James. Bust 1849 

1348. Potter Mr., "of Princeton. 

A copy for his son." Bust 1851 

1319. Potter Mrs., "of Princeton. 

A second copy." Bust 1851 

1350. Potter Mrs., "of Trenton. 

Formerly of S. Caro- 
lina." Bust 1841 

1351. Potter Mr., "of Princeton. 

A second copy." Bust 1851 

1352. Potter Mrs., "of Princeton. 

A copy for her son." Bust 1851 

1353. Potter Mrs. T., "for her 

husband." Kit-ka 1849 

164 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1354. Potter Rev. Mr., "for Mr 

Tuckerman." Kit-kat 1831 

1355. Potter Richard. Kit-kat 1814 

Father of 611. 

1356. Poulson Z., "for the City 

Library of Philada." Bust 1843 

Zachary Poulson (1761-1844) from 1800 to 1839 published 
and edited in Phila. the Daily Advertiser and was for twenty- 
one years librarian of the Library Company of Philada., in 
whose building his portrait hangs. 

1357. Poultney Sen. Mrs., "of 

Baltimore." Bust 1857 

135S. Poultney Mrs. T., "of Bal- 
timore." Head 1857 

1359. Powel Mrs., "partly from a 

miniature by Trott." Bust 1817 

Elizabeth Willing (1742-1830) married Samuel Powel, after- 
ward Mayor of Phila. A miniature of Mrs. Powel, that 
belonged to Rev. George Emlen Hare, ascribed to Malbone, 
I pronounced a number of years since to be, in my opinion, 
by B. Trott, and it is doubtless the one that Sully used. 

1360. Powel Col., "copy of his 

j ancestor's portrait." Bust 1827 

1361. Prale Miss, "3 Broadway 

New York." Head 1848 

1362. Pratt Mr. Erasmus. " Head. 

A present." 20x17 1870 

1363. Pratt Mr. H. "Merchant." Kit-kat 1815 

Henry Pratt (1761-183S), an eminent shipping merchant of 
Phila. Eldest son of Matthew Pratt, the portrait painter. 
Owned by Mrs. Rosalie V. Tiers Jackson, Jupiter, Florida. 

1364. Pratt Mrs. " From a minia- 

ture for Thompson." Bust 1828 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871.. 165 


1365. Price Mr. Stephen. Kit-kat 1838 

Painted in London. Manager of the Park Theatre, New York. 

1366. Price Mrs. Steven. Bust 1807 

1367. Pringle Mrs. Wm. Bull, " of 

Georgetown. ' ' Head 1 842 

1368. Pringle Mrs., "formerly 

MissLadson." Head 1846 

Mrs. James R. Pringle. Owned by William Henry Ladson 
of Charleston, S. C. 

1369. ProsserMr. Bust 1806 

1370. Prosser Mrs. Bust 1806 

1371. Purveyance J. "Lawyer." Kit-kat 1821 

1372. Purveyance Mrs. J. Kit-kat 1821 

This name doubtless should be " Purviance. " 

1373. Pyatt J. F. "For his 

mother." Bust 1846 

1374. Pyatt Miss, "for her Mot her." Bust 1842 

1375. Pyatt Mrs., "for her daugh- 

ter." Bust 1842 

1376. Pyatt Mb. "Brother of J. F." Bust 1846 


1377. Raltson Junr. Matthew. Kit-kat 1812 

1378. Raltson Junr. Matthew, 

"deceased. Copy for Wil- 

cocks." Head 1842 

1379. Raltson Mrs. Matthew. Bust ISIS 

13S0. Raltson Miss E., "for Dr. 

Dorsey." Bust 1816 

1381. Raltson Miss, "deceased. 

Hand introduced." Bust 1847 

166 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1382. Raltson Mr., "for Dr. Dor- 

sey." Bust 1809 

Finished June 6 and the last portrait painted by Sully before 
he sailed for England, June 10, 1809. Owned by Mrs. 
Alexander Proudfit, Newcastle, Delaware. 

13S3. Raltson Robert, " deceased 

for Colonization S'y." Bust 1846 

The proper name of 1377 to 1383 is "Ralston." Robert 
Ralston (1761-1836) was a prominent merchant and phil- 
anthropist of Philada. and is the subject of 1382. Dr. 
Dorsey (450) married his daughter Maria (451) 13S3 is in 
hall of Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1384. Randolph Miss, "since Mrs 

Hackley." 12x10 1805 

1385. Randolph Mrs., "daughter 

Jefferson." Bust 1836 

1386. Randolph Mrs., "for T. J. 

Randolph her son, copy." Bust 1836 

1387. Randolph Mrs., " 2nd copy of 

the above for Mrs Cool- 
edge." Bust 1836 
Owned by Miss Ella W. Coolidge, Boston, Mass. 

1388. Randolph Mrs., "3rd copy 

ditto Mr Talcot. I only 
painted the outline and 
retouched." Bust 1S36 

1389. Randolph Mrs., "for J Ran- 

dolph. Begun by Tom." Bust 1836 

Martha Jefferson (1772-1836) married Feby. 23, 1790, her 
cousin Thomas Mann Randolph. "Mrs. Cooledge" was 
their daughter, having married Joseph Coolidge of Boston. 

1390. Rankin Mrs. "Father, a 

copy." Bust 1S66 

Thomas Sully's Begister of Portraits, 1801'1S71. 167 


1391. Rawle Miss Reba, "de- 

ceased from Profile.' ' Bust 1815 

1392. Rawle Mr. "Lawyer." Kit-kat 180S 

William Rawle (1759-1836), first President of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, 1S24. 

1393. Read Mr., " copied from Pine 

subscriber." Bust 180S 

1394. Read G., "a signer of the D. 

I. for his great grand 

son Mr Read of Albany. 

Copied from 1 1 copied of 

Pine." Bust 1860 

1395. Read G. "Copied for Judge 

Read see above." Bust 1S60 

1396. Read J. Meredith, "his 

grandfather copied from 

miniature." 30x25 1862 

The portrait of George Read (1734-179S) by Robert Edge 
Pine is owned by William Read Fisher of Philadelphia. 
1394 was painted for John Meredith Read, Jr., of Albany 
and 1395 for his father, Judge John M. Read of the Supreme 
Court of Penna. A portrait of George Read, by Sully, 
after Pine, is in Independence Hall, the Old State House, 

1397. Read Mrs., "late mother of 

Mrs French." Head 1S47 

1398. Redwood J., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

1399. Rhoads Mrs., "for Mrs Wag- 

ener her daughr." Bust 1S48 

1400. Rice Mrs., "part to be paid 

by Indian Cost 8 ." Head 1842 

1401. Rice Mr., "to be paid for in 

books & S10." Head 1S54 

16S Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1402. Richards Saml., "347 Arch 

St. for Mr White." Bust 1827 

Samuel Richards (1769-1842) was brother of Benjamin W. 
Richards, Mayor of Philadelphia. He was a large iron- 
maker with works at Weymouth, New Jersey. Owned by 
Herbert Dupuy, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

1403. Richards S., "a copy from 

my former P." Bust 1829 

1404. Ricketts Mr., "copied from 

a painting." 12x10 1807 

1405. Ricketts Mr. Bust 1807 

1406. Ridgley Genl., "painted in 

Baltimore." Half length 1820 

Charles Ridgely (1762-1829), Gov. of Maryland, 1815-17, 
was commonly called "General." 

1407. Ridgley John, "of Hampton 

near Bait," Bust 1841 

1408. Ridgely Miss Elizh., "of 

Baltimore." Whole length 1818 

Married John Ridgely of Hampton, Bait. Co., Md., where 
the painting is. Reproduced in Earle's Two Centuries of Cos- 
tume in America. 

1409. Ridgely Nicholas, "painted 

in Baltimore." Bust 1820 

1410. Ritchie Mrs., "daughter 

Harrison Gray Otis, Bos- 
ton." Head 1835 

1411. Ritchings Miss, "for her 

Father, (reduced)." Bust 1845 

Caroline Ritchings of Philadelphia, a singer in English opera 
and adopted daughter of Peter Ritchings, an actor and 

1412. Ritchings Mrs. Bust 1S45 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 169 


1413. Roach Miss, "for Mrs. Jacob 

Smith. Declined." Head 1831 

1414. Roach Mrs., " formerly Miss 

Ridgway." Kit-kat 1816 

1415. Roach Mrs., "that was Miss 

Ridgway." Bust 1827 

1416. Roach Mrs., "copy from my 

portrait." Head 1832 

Daughter of Jacob Ridgway and wife of Major Isaac Roach, 
Mayor of Phila., 1838, who married, for her second husband, 
Dr. John Rhea Barton. She was sister to the famous Mrs. 
Doctor James Rush. 

1417. Roach Mrs. Joseph, "of New 

Bedford." Bust 1831 

1418. Roach Thos., "of Bedford, 

Mass." Head 1825 

See 1449 and 1450. 

1419. Robb Mrs., "& 3 children 

from New Orleans, Isa- 
bella, Louisa and Mary." Bh.half length 1844 

1420. Robbins Luke, "of the 

Theatre." Bust 1808 

1421. Roberts Jesse, " a present to 

McDonald's."* Bust 1847 

1422. Robertson Miss Anna. "Sis- 

ter to Mrs Barksdale." Head 1851 

1423. Robertson Mrs., "English 

lady of Alabama." Head 1834 

1424. Robinson Conway, "for his 

brother Moncure." Head 1850 

Conway Robinson (1805-1884), born in Virginia, was a dis- 
tinguished lawyer and writer upon legal and historico-legal 

170 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1425. Robinson Henry, "of Bos- 

ton." Head 1816 

1426. Robinson Mrs. Henry, "of 

Boston." Head 1849 

1427. Robinson Louisa, "formerly 

Miss Campbell." Head 1824 

1428. Robinson Mr., "of the 

Theatre." Bust 1807 

1429. Robinson Mr., "of Augusta 

Ga." Bust 1846 

1430. Robinson Mrs. John, "for 

Moncure her son." Bust 1849 

1431. Robinson Mrs. Moncure, 

"for her Husband." Head 1845 

1432. Robinson Moncure. Head 1S49 

Moncure Robinson (1802-1891), of Virginia, resident of 
Philadelphia, eminent civil engineer. Vide 1424. 

1433. Robeson Mrs., "formerly 

Rodman of New Bed- 
ford." Kit-kat 1845 

1434. Robison Mr., "of Mills near 

Schuylkill." Bust 1S27 

1435. Robson Mr., "Mrs. Hughs's 

Father." 11x14 1826 

1436. Rockafellow Miss, "for 

Mrs Graham a copy." Head 1S64 

1437. Rockallo Master Harry, 

"for Mr Graham." Kit^kat 1843 

1438.^Rodgers Mrs. Caroline, 

"formerly Fairman." Bust 1831 

Daughter of 517, wife of Evan Rogers, and mother of Prof. 
Fairman Rogers and of Mrs. Horace Howard Fur: 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 171 


1439. Rogers Mrs. Bust 1833 

1440. Rogers Mrs., "of Pitts- 

burgh." Head 1863 

1441. Rolando Lieut. "To hang 

on Dr Buckler's wall." Bust 1852 

Henry Rolando (d. 1869) entered the U. S. Navy in 1S36. 
Attained the rank of Commander. 

1442. Roots Mr. Bust 1805 

1443. Roper Mr., "of the Gym- 

nasium. Erased." Bust 1832 

1444. Rose Miss Amelia, "for her 

Aunt." Head 1846 

1445. Rosini. "A daggureotype. 

One of the series." 17x12 1862 

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (1792-1S6S), a celebrated Italian 
operatic composer. 

1446. Ross John. 12x10 1805 

1447. Ross James, "of Pittsburg." Head 1812 

144S. Ross James, "for the Acad- 
emy Fine Arts." Half length 1813 

James Ross ( 1 762-1 S47), lawyer, member of the Pennsyl- 
vania Constitutional Convention of 1790, and U. S. Senator, 
1794-1803. 144S was engraved by Goodman and Pigott and 
the painting is owned by the Penna. Acad, of Fine Arts. 

1449. Rotch Mrs. J., "begun by 

Tom from Min. " Head 1832 

Mrs. Joseph Rotch of New Bedford. Owned by Mrs. Win- 
throp Sargent, Boston. 

1450. Rotch Miss Elizabeth, "for 

Mrs Smith." Head 1833 

This is probably 1413 with the name misspelled in one place 
or the other. 

172 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1451. Rowbotham Mrs., " as a pres- 

ent, Caddy." Head 1832 

1452. Ruffian Mrs., "formerly 

Miss Roan of Richmond." Head 1839 

1453. Rundle Fanny, "from mem- 

ory in part." Head 1828 

1454. Rundle Miss, "copy for 

Earle." 18x15 1859 

1455. Rundle Miss, "copy of the 

late. For Mr. Earle." Head 1859 

1456. Rundle Miss. "Copy 3rd 

Portrait for Earle." Head 1859 

1457. Rush Dr., "for Dr Deweese." Bust 1809 

1458. Rush Dr., "for Dr. Hossac 

of N.York." Kit-kat 1812 

1459. Rush Dr., "deceased from 

my 1st Picture." Whole length 1813 

The price for this was $400, the highest to this date. 

1460. Rush Dr., "for his daughter." Half length 1813 

1461. Rush Dr., "deceased from 

my 1st painting." Kit-kat 1815 

Benjamin Rush (1745-1S13), distinguished physician and 
politician. Born in Phila. Signer Dec. of Inde. and Surgeon 
and Physician General to the army of the revolution. 1459 
is owned by the Penna. Hospital and 1460 by Estate of 
Colonel Alexander Biddle, Phila. The American Philosoph- 
ical Society owns a portrait of Dr. Rush which is ascribed 
to Sully and answers the description of 1461. 

1462. Rush Mrs. Dr., "for her son 

R. Rush Minister to Great 

Britain." Half length 1817 

Julia Stockton (1759-1S4S) of New Jersey married Dr 
Benjamin Rush in 1776. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 173 


1463. Rush Honble., "copy of a 

portrait of., for Judge 

Black." . Bust 1857 

1464. Rush Mr., "late son of the 

Honble R. Rush, copy." Head 1856 

1465. Rush Ms., "ditto for Mr 

Drayton from a Photo- 
graph." Head 1856 

1466. Rush Murray, "for his 

father R Rush." Bust 1857 

1467. Rush Mrs. Murray, "de- 

ceased. From a Daug." 24x20 1857 

1468. Rush Mr. Richard, "of Bal- 

timore." Head 1S57 

1469. Rush Jun. Mr. R. f "for his 

father, a copy from 1st." Head 1858 

1470. Rush Mrs. Richard. "Be- 

gan in Decbr. 19th." Head 1858 

1471. Rush Mrs. Benjamin. 30 x 2c 1862 

1472. Rutherford Miss Emily. Head 1850 

1473. Rutherford Mrs. Emily, 

"of Richmond Va." Head 1S47 

1474. Sands Mrs., "of Washington. 

Miss French." Head 1840 

1475. Sanford Jr., "Cashier Bank 

of U. S. Fayetville. " Bust 1830 

1476. Sanford Mrs., "of North 

Carolina." Bust 1830 

174 Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1477. Sartain Mrs.; "for her rela- 

tions in England." Bust 1843 

Susannah Loogman Swaine of London married John Sar- 
tain, the well known mezzotinto engraver, in 1830, and that 
year came with him to Philadelphia through the persuasion 
of Mr. Sully. 

1478. Sartain Junr. Mr. " Eldest 

son of J. Sartain." Head 1852 

Samuel Sartain (1831-1906), eldest son of John Sartain, 
followed his father's profession of mezzotinto engraver, 
but his work never equalled his father's at its best. 

1479. Savage John. " Kit-kat can- 

vas." Bust 1824 

1480. Savage Miss. Kit-kat 1810 

1481. Savage Mrs., " formerly Jane 

White a sketch." Head 1826 

1482. Schyler Philip, "for W 

Morton." Bust 1807 

This name should be spelled "Schuyler/' of the well known 
New York family. Philip J. Schuyler (176S-1855) was the 
son of General Philip Schuyler and was present at the 
inauguration of Washington, April 30, 1789. Vide 1234 
and 1235. 

1483. Schyler Mrs. Philip, "for 

Wa'shn. Morton. " Bust 1807 

Mary Ann Sawyer (17S6-1852), of Newburyport, Mass., 
married Philip J. Schuyler in 1806. Vide 1234 and 1235. 

14S4. Scott Sir Walter, "copied 

from Lawrence." 20 x 17 J 1870 

1485. Seabrook Miss La Fayette, 

"for her mother." Head 1843 

1486. Seargant John. Bust 1810 

1487. Seargant John, "for the 

meras. of the Bar." Kit-kat 1S32 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 175 


14SS. Seahgant Mrs. John. Bust 1S19 

This name should be spelled "Sergeant." John Sergeant 
(1779-1852) was one of Phila. most eminent lawyers, 
member of Congress, candidate for Vice President of the 
U. S. on ticket with Henry Clay, and President of the Penna. 
Constitutional Convention of 1837. 1487 is owned by the 
Law Association of Phila. 

1489. Sears Ellen, "for her 

father." Head 1831 

1490. Sears Mr. "Drapery etc to 

Stuart' head." Half length 1831 

Stuart painted several portraits of David Sears of Boston 
and 1490 is most probably the one in the Metropolitan 
Museum, New York, which has the appearance of work by 
another hand than Stuart's. Considerable must have 
been done to this, as the charge was SI 50. 

J 491. Seddon Mr., "for Mr 

Bruce." Bust 1849 

1492. Segoine Adele. Bust 1829 

There is a tradition in the Biddle family that Miss Sigoigne 
and Mrs. Nicholas Biddle exchanged their portraits by 
Sully, Miss Sigoigne having been Mrs. Biddle's bridesmaid. 
From Nicholas Biddle's bill for 139, it would seem to have 
been given to Mrs. Sigoigne. 

N. Biddle Esq Dr Tho. Sully. Phila. July 20, 1827. 
Portrait and frame sent to Mrs. Segoine %S§. 

Rec'd Payment for Th. Sully 
Thomas W Sully. 
On the death of Miss Sigoigne 139 was returned to the 
Biddle family. 

1493. Sessions Mr. Jo. W., "of 

Natchez." Bust 1847 

1494. Sevier Mrs., "of Arkansas. 

Painted at W." Bust 1S40 

176 Tliomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1495. Sewel Mr., "who married 

Miss Janeway." Bust 1852 

1496. Shakespeare. "Copied from 

Engravings." 20x17 1864 

1497. Shakespeare. "From the 

Chandos." Head 1865 

1498. Sharp Mr. "Merchant." Bust 1807 

1499. Sharp Mrs. T. Bust 1807 

1500. Sharp Master, "of German- 

town for his mother." Head 1864 

1501. Shaw Miss Charlotte. "For 

her Father." Head 1858 

1502. Shaw Miss Nancy. " For her 

Father." Head 1858 

1503. Shaw Bart. Sir J., "for W. 

Douglas." Bust 1844 

1504. Sheaf Mr. Kit-kat 1804 

1505. Sheaf Mrs. Kit-kat 1814 

1506. Shelby Gov. "Drawing for 

a medal voted by Con- 
gress." 8 in. Diam. 1821 

Isaac Shelby (1750-1826), soldier and first Governor of 
Kentucky, 1792, was voted by Congress, April 4, 1818, a 
gold medal for the victory at the battle of the Thames. 

1507. Skelton Mrs., "formerly 

Miss King." Head 1844 

1508. Shields Mrs., "deceased. 

From a Talbottype." Head 1854 

Thomas Sully's Register of Porlraiis, 1801-1871. 177 


1509. Shipped Chief Justice E. ; 

"deceased. Copy Stuart." Bust 1848 

Edward Shippen (1729-1806), Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Penna., 1799 to 1805. He was the father of Peggy 
Shippen who married Benedict Arnold. Stuart's original 
portrait of Shippen is owned by the Corcoran Gallery of 
Art, Washington, D. C, and 1509 by the Law Association 
of Philada. 

1510. Shirlock Mr., "of Balti- 

more." Bust 1808 

1511. Shirlock Mrs., "painted in 

Baltimore." Bust 1820 

This name should doubtless be spelled "Sherlock," a well- 
known name in Maryland. 

1512. Shoemaker Caroline, "of 

Baltimore by remc." Miniature 1804 

1513. Shoemaker Mrs. Edw., "a 

subscriber." Bust 1808 

1514. Shoenberger Mr., "of Pitts- 

burg. Iron worker." Bust 1841 

Doubtless John H. Schoenberger, a prominent philanthropist 
of Pittsburg, Pa. 

1515. Shoenberger Mrs., "of 

Pittsburg." Bust 1841 

1516. Shoenberger Mrs., "of Cin- 

cinnati." Bust 1841 

1517. Shonenberg Mary, "de- 

ceased. Daughter of Mr. 

of Ciiia." Head 1S44 

This name doubtless should be the same as 1514 to 1516. 

1518. Sigourney Mrs., "from a 

phoh. for Colonn. So- 
ciety." Head 1S65 
Lydia Huntley Sigourney (1791-1865), poetess andjphilan- 
thropist. In hall of Hist. Society of Penna. 
VOL. XXXIII.— -12 

178 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801*1871. 


1519. Sill Joseph. Head 1832 

1520. Sill Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Todhunter." Head 1832 

1519 and 1520 are owned by their daughter, Mrs. Enoch W. 
Clark, of Germantown, Phila. Vide 1706. 

1521. Silvester Mrs. Louisa, "for 

E Gardette." Head 1832 

1522. Simmons Miss, "daughter of 

Dr. Simmons." Head 1846 

1523. Simmons Mr., "of the West 

Indies." Bust 1847 

1524. Simons Mrs., "daughter of 

the late Mr Ball. " Head 1846 

1525. Simpson Mr., "of Pittsburg." Bust 1841 

1526. Skinner Mr., "of North Car- 

olina." Bust 1825 

1527. Skinner Mr., " of North Car- 

olina." Bust . 1837 

1528. Skinner Rev. Dr., "for Mrs 

Montgomery." Bust 1S16 

Newsam lithographed portrait of Rev. Thomas H. Skinner 
after Sully. 

1529. Skinner Mrs., "for Mrs 

Montgomery." Bust 1816 

1530. Skinner Mrs., "copy from a 

former picture. Meggs." Head 1824 

1531. Skinner Mrs., "wife of Rev. 

Skinner." Head 1829 

Emily Montgomery (1797-1824), sister of 1215, m. May 24, 
1814, Rev. Thomas II. Skinner, D.D., a Presbyterian clergy- 
man. Vide 152S. 


Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01~1871. 179 


1532. Slevin Miss Jane, "for her 

parents." Head 1856 

1533. Slevin Mr. Head 1856 

1534. Slevin Mrs. Head 1856 

1535. Smith Betsey, "my sister 

for herself." 19x15 1828 

Elizabeth Sully married Middleton Smith of South Carolina 
and her portrait by her brother was exhibited at the Charles- 
ton Exposition, 1901-2, by Henry C. Cheves. 

1536. Smith Fanny, "whole length 

for Mr Cresson Senr." 50x37 1833 

1537. Smith Francis G., "for my- 

self." Bust 1856 

Francis Gurney Smith (1784-1873), Treasurer of the Musi- 
cal Fund Society, 1820-1864, and for thirty-eight years 
Warden of St, Peter's P. E. Church, Phila. Owned by the 
Musical Fund Society. 

153S. Smith Miss, "for Mrs Alli- 

bon." Bust 1830 

1539. Smith Miss Emma, "of South 

Bay." Head 1842 

1540. Smith Miss Susan, "of South 

Bay." Head 1842 

1541. Smith Mr., "a subscriber." . Bust 1S08 

1542. Smith Mr., "relative of 

Kraumbarrg." Bust 1813 

Vide 970-972. 

1543. Smith Mr. Chs., "for J B 

Smith." Head 1828 

1544. Smith Ch., "copy from my' 

original." Head 1S28 

ISO Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1545. Smith Mr. J. B., "of Arch 

near 12th." 19x15 1828 

1546. Smith Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Wharton." Bust 1828 

Rebecca Shoemaker "Wharton (1795-1846) married Jacob 
Ridgway Smith, November 12, 1S17. Owned by Mrs. 
William H. Gaw, Philadelphia. 

1547. Smith Mrs., "hand intro- 

duced for Misses Mc- 

Euen." Bust 1823 

Vide 1108-1110. 

1548. Smith Mrs., "copied from 

McEuen begun 20." Head 1825 

1549. Smith Mrs. Joseph, "for Mrs 

Cresson." Bust 1833 

1550. Smith Mrs. Newbury, "for 

her husband." Bust 1848 

1551. Smith Mrs. R., "sister of 

Mrs Govr. Coles." Head 1837 

Mary Roberts married George Roberts Smith of Phila. 
Vide 322. 

1552. Smith Mrs. Robert, "of 

South Bay." Head 1842 

Vide 1539 and 1540. 

1553. Smith Prof. W., "for his 

grandson. Copy." Bust 1855 

This was a copy of Stuart's portrait of Provost Wm. Smith, 
Univ. of Penna. 

1554. Smith S., "former Provost of 

Princeton Coll." Head 1814 

Samuel Stanhope Smith (1750-1819), President of Prince- 
ton College, 1795 to 1S12. 















Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 181 


1555. Smith S., "copy of the fore- 


1556. Snider Junr. Jacob. 

1557. Snider Jacob, "to cancel the 

former port." 

1558. Snider Mrs., "consort of 

Jacob S. Junr." 

1559. Snider Jacob, "three chil- 

dren in Group." 

1560. Snyder Miss, "hand intro- 


1561. Snyder Simon, "Govr. of 

State Penna." 
Simon Snyder (1759-1819), Governor of Penna., 1808 to 
1817, serving three terms. 1561 was engraved by David 
Edwin and published July, 1809, by John Binns. 

1562. Solace Madame, "of Nor- 

folk." Miniature 1801 

1563. Southgate Mrs., "of Rich- 

mond." ' Bust 1814 

1564. Spang Mrs. C. F., "of Pitts- 

burg." • Head and hand 1S43 

1565. Spang Rosalie. "For her 

parents of Pittsburg." Head 1848 

1566. Sparks Mr., "for Mr Elliot 

of Boston." Kit-kat 1831 

Jared Sparks (1789-1866), historian. He used the editorial 
pencil too liberally, yet his work is invaluable to the student 
and paved the way for works which without his would 
never have been projected and published. 1566 was litho- 
graphed by Newsam, and engraved by Stephen A. Setoff 
for the National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. 
Owned by Mrs. W. J. Clemson, Taunton, Mass. 









182 Thomas Sully's Begister of Portraits, 1801-1811. 


1567. Sparks Mrs. 

1568. Sparks Senr. Mrs. 

1569. Stanard Mrs. 

1570. Stanard Mrs. "Copy for 

MrSurtees." Head 1851 

1571. Sterling Lord. "Erskin from 

Stuart for Cadwallader." Head 1830 

1571 was of David Montague, Lord Erskine, not Sterling 
as Sully wrote and then corrected, who married Frances 
Cadwalader and whose portrait by Stuart belongs to the 
Cadwalader family. There is no portrait of Sterling in the 
Cadwalader family, or by Stuart. Vide 507. 

1572. Sterling Mrs. Bust 1853 

1573. Sterrett Mrs., "for Mr 

Winchester." Head 1852 

1574. Steth Mrs. Catharine, 

"formerly Potter." Head 1824 

1575. Stith Major, "deceased from 

a portrait." Head 1825 

1576. Stevenson Andrew. Bust 1S05 

1577. Stevenson Miss Frances. 

" Neice McCaiiester. " Bust 184S 

1578. Stewart Com e ., "for a 

medal." Head 1S17 

Charles Stewart (1778-1869), distinguished naval officer 
who commanded the frigate Constitution in the war of 1S12 
and was voted a gold medal by Congress for the capture of 
the Cyanc and the Levant. He was in the service for 
seventy-one years and was the senior officer for seven- 
teen. His daughter Delia was the mother of Charles Stewart 
Parnell, the Irish agitator. 1606 is of the same. 

Tliomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 183 


1579. Stewart Dugald, "after 
Raeburn for Dr. P Tidy- 
man." Half-length 1825 
Sir Henry Raeburn was elected an honorary academician of 
the Penna Acad, of the Fine Arts, in acknowledgment of 
which compliment he presented the academy with a replica 
of his famous portrait of Dugald Stewart. This is the por- 
trait that Sully copied, the original of which was destroyed 
in the great fire, at the Academy, in 1845. 1579 is owned 
by the St. Andrews Society of Cliarleston, S. C. 

15S0. Stocker, Mr. C, "for New 

Orleans." Kit-kat 1814 

1581. Stocker Mrs. Clemt. Kit-kat 1814 

1552. Stockton Com., "of Prince- 

ton." Bust 1851 

1553. Stockton Com. "Copy for 

Princeton College." Bust 1851 

1554. Stockton Com e . "Copy 3d at 

his request"—" 1857 Pre- 
sented to Colonization." Bust 1851 
Robert Field Stockton (1 795-1 S66) entered the navy in 
1S11 and took possession of California for the U. S. in 1S46. 
He resigned in 1850 and the next year was made U. S. Sen- 
ator from New Jersey. 15S4, inscribed by Sully on the 
back "1851 Xo. 3," belonged to the Pennsylvania Coloniza- 
tion Society and is with the rest of that Society's collection 
in the hall of the Historical Society of Penna. 

1585. Stockton, "for Mr Biddle 

copied from an old pic- 
ture." 30x25 1862 

1586. Stockton Mrs., "wife of 

Stockton. For Mr. 

Biddle." 30x25 1862 

These were the portraits of Richard Stockton and of Annis 
Boudinot his wife, the parents of Julia, wife of Dr. Benjamin 
Rush, and were painted for Col. Alexander Biddle, whose 
wife was Julia Williams, daughter of Samuel Rush, youngest 
son of 1461. 

184 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 

name size date 

1587. Stockton Master Robert, 

"at full length 3 years." Kit-kat 1849 

1588. Stockton Mrs., "of Prince- 

ton N J." Kit-kat 1847 

1589. Stockton Mrs. Augs. Bust 1847 

1590. Stockton Mrs. Augs., "for 

her husband." Bust 1850 

1591. Stockton Revd. T. H., "a 

bust with hand ordered." Kit-kat 1843 

Thomas Hewlings Stockton (1808-1868), an eloquent Metho- 
dist divine, who for many years was chaplain to the House of 
Representatives and to the U. S. Senate at Washington. 
He was half brother of Frank R. Stockton, the writer of 
short stories. Owned by Mrs. Anna Stockton Allen, Phila- 

1592. Stoddard Honbi.e., "copy of 

a miniature of the late." Head 1851 

1593. Stott Mr., "deceased from a 

print." Bust 1830 

1594. Stott Mr., "deceased copied 

from a former." Bust 1831 

1595. Stott Mrs., "copy of Por- 

trait." Bust 1831 

1596. Stott Mrs. Ebenezer, "from 

Scotland." Bust 1830 

1597. Stott Sarah. "for her 

nephew Col Cooper Lon- 
don." Bust 1S40 

1598. Stought Mrs., "of Allen- 

town N. Jersev." Bust 1S35 

Thomas Sirih/s Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 185 


1599. Stout R. M., "of Allen Town 

N.J." Bust 1830 

1598 and 1599 should doubtless be spelled the same, which- 
ever is correct. 

1600. Strickland Mr. Senr. Head 1809 

1601. Strickland William, "ar- 

chitect." Bust 1820 

1602. Strickland William, "ar- 

chitect." Head 1836 

William Strickland (17S9-1854), the most eminent architect 
of Philadelphia, whose works speak for themselves. 

1603. Strobia Frank, "and his 

Father." Bust 1805 

This was the first work for which Sully received as much as 
fifty dollars. 

1604. Strothers Miss, "(Theodosia) 

of St Louis." Head 1844 

1605. Struthers Mrs. Bust 1832 

1606. Stuart Capt., "United 

States Navy." Whole length 1811 

Name mis-spelled for "Stewart." Vide 1578. The where- 
abouts of this important picture I have been unable to 

1607. Stuart Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Calvert." Head 1833 

160S. Stuart Mrs., "of Jamaica 

New Jersey." Bust 1837 

1609. Styles Miss, "cousin of 

Fanny Hayne." Head 1S43 

1610. Styles Mr., "of Carlisle." Head 1843 

186 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 

name size date 

1611. Sully Alfred and Jane, 

" for myself." Kit-kat 1S29 

The son and daughter of the painter, the former aged eight 
and the latter twenty-two (vide Introduction). This 
picture was engraved by I. B. Forrest with title " Brother 
and Sister Reading," and the painting is owned by Mr. 
Gilbert Stuart Parker of Philadelphia. 

1612. Sully Alfred, "my son as a 

present Peticolas." Bust 1S30 

"Peticolas" was doubtless Phillippe S. Peticolas (1760- 
1843), the miniature painter who settled in Richmond in 
1805 and gave Sully some instruction in painting. Or it 
may have been his son, Edward F. Peticolas, who was 
also a miniature painter, in Virginia. 

1613. Sully Alfred, "for his 

mother." Head 1839 

In his uniform as a cadet at West Point. 

1614. Sully Alfred and Manula. 

" From Daugerreotypes. 

Heads." Bust 1851 

Vide Introduction, vol. xxxii, p. 392. 

1615. Sully Alfred. "Sketch for 

Blanch." 18x14 1863 

1616. Sully Blanch and Ellen, 

"for their mother S 

Sully." Head 1818 

Daughters of the painter, aged respectively four years and 
two years. 

1617. Sully Blanch, "for the pur- 

pose of Ellen's instruc- 
tion." Head 1S34 

1618. Sully Blanch and Rosalie, 

"in group." Bust 1842 

Daughters of the painter, aged respectively twenty-eight 
and twenty-four years. This picture was engraved with 
the title "The Lily and the Rose," and the painting is 
owned by Mr. Albert Rosenthal of Phi la. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 187 


1619. Sully Chester, "in Norfolk 

Virga. being my first at- 
tempt from life for Mary 

Lee." Miniature 1801 

Begun May 13, finished June 1. Price $15. 

1620. Sully Chester. 12x10 1803 

1621. Sully Chester, "my 

brother." Bust 1810 

1622. Sully Ellen, "my daugh- 

ter a sketch." Head 1824 

1623. Sully Jane, Blanch, Ellen, 

Rosalie & Alfred. 
"Group of my children 
for their mother." Bish. half length 1822 

1624. Sully Jane, "my daugh- 

ter a sketch." Head 1824 

1625. Sully Jane. "Sketch for Mrs 

M.Smith." Head 1828 

1626. Sully Lawrence. Bust 1803 

1627. Sully Mary, "a sketch pre- 

sented to Mrs J Savage." Head 1824 

1628. Sully Matthew, "my 

father." 12x10 1803 

1629. Sully Matthew, "from a 

miniature." Bust 1815 

1630. Sully Matthew, "my 

father copied from one 

painted for Betsey." Head 1829 

A portrait of Matthew Sully' (1769-1 Slo) by his son was 
exhibited at the Charleston Exposition, 1901-'02, by Mrs. 
E. W. Hughes. 

188 Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1811, 


1631. Sully Rosalie, "To help H 

Bridport." Head 1839 

Hugh Bridport was a miniature painter born in London in 
1794 who came to this country and settled in Phila. in 1816, 
where he taught drawing and painting as well as following 
his profession. He also drew on stone and engraved on 
copper and his name last appears in the Phila. Directory 
for 1837. "To help H Bridport " could not have been 
artistically but must have been financially. 

1632. Sully Rosalie. "Sketch in 

oil. Reading." 17x13 1840 


Sully Rosalie. " copied 

for Blanch." 12x12 



Sully Sarah, Betsey k 

Mary, "my neices." 12x10 



Sully Sarah. Bust 


1636. Sully Sarah, "my wife, sis- 

ter, Jane, Sally, Tom, for 

myself. " Kit-kat 1828 

1637. Sully Sarah, "my wife for 

, myself." Bust 1830 

1638. Sully Sarah, "at full length 

for Blanch." . 5 ft. 2 x 3 ft. 5 1848 

This portrait of Mrs. Sully, with her dog Ponto, is owned by 
Garrett C. Neagle, Philadelphia. 

1639. Sully Sarah, "copy from a 

former pt. for Sally." Bust 1851 

1640. Sully Sarah, "copy to 

supply one sold to E." 30 x 25 1859 

1641. Sully Sarah, "painted in 

1832, copy of head for 

Blanch." 15x13 1870 

There is no portrait of Sarah Sully enteredjnj!S32. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 189 


1042. Sully Sally, "deceased. 
Partly from recollection. 
ForGNeagle." 21x17 1867 

1643. Sully Sophia. u daughter of 

Mattw Sully Jun." Miniature 1801 

1644. Sully Tom and Jane, "at 

full length with Fidele." Half length 1812 

1645. Sully Thos., "my son a 

study/ ' Head 1820 

1646. Sully Thomas & Rosalie. 

"Present for Vogel of 

Dresden." 25x21 1840 

1*347. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

J. B. LeRoy." " Head 1807 

1048. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

Mr Wads worth." Head 1807 

Owned by the Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, Conn. 

1049. Sully Thomas, "for Chester 

Sully." Bust . 1815 

1050. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

H Robinson." Head 1821 

Owned by theMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York. 

1051. Sully Thomas, "myself for 

Harriott Porcher, my 

sister." 19 x 15 1828 

1652, Sully Thomas, "my own 

head for Welfare's child T 

SW." Head 1836 

1653. Sully Thomas, "my own 

portrait for the order of 

Mr Tyler." Bust 1850 

190 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1654. Sully Thomas. " Self for Mr 

Dreer." 20x17 1856 

Owned by the Historical Society of Penna. 

1655. Sully Thomas, "for the Col- 

onization Society." Head 1860 

In hall of Hist. Society of Penna. 

1656. Sully Thomas, "ordered for 

the Musical Fund." 30x25 1867 

1657. Sully Thomas. "Yesterday. 

began my portrait on a 

reduced size for Garrett. " 30 x 25 1867 

" Garrett "is Garrett C.Neagle. 

165S. Sully Thomas. "From a 
Daugerreotype, for 

Blanch." 15 x 13 1867 

1659. Swan Miss and Miss M. 

Bryan, " grouped." Bust 1831 

1660. Swift General, "for Eng. 

Dept. West Point," Bust 1829 

Joseph Gardner Swift (1783-1865) was the first graduate 
of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, Oct. 12, 
1802, and became a distinguished engineer, but resigned in 
Nov., 1818, with other officers, on the appointment of a 
French general, Simon Bernard, to investigate the coast 
defences of the United States. 


1661. TalcotMrs., "for Mrs Hack- 

ley of Richd." Bust 1832 

1662. Taliaferro Miss, " (Toliver) 

for Mr Soddon." Head 1849 

1663. Taylor James. "Pastor of 

Unitarian Church." Bust 1818 

1664. Taylor James. "Unitarian 

Clergn." Bust 1830 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1811. 191 


1.GG5. Taylor Mrs. J. Bust 1817 

16C6. Taylor Miss. 30 x 25 1862 

3G67. Taylor Miss Sally, "daugh- 
ter of Wm. E. Taylor, 

Va." Head 1835 

There is either an error in the Christian name of this lady 
or in the present identity of the subject. According to 
Peacock's Famous American Belles of the l%th Century 
(Phila., 1901), the portrait was of Miss Fanny Taylor, who at 
the time she sat to Sully was one of a trio known as the 
Richmond Graces, — Fanny Taylor, Sally Chevalier (309), 
and Sally Watson. Miss Taylor married, 1st, Archibald 
Morgan Harrison, 2nd, Col. Thomas Harding Ellis of Rich- 
mond, and died in July, 1897. The portrait belongs to Bev- 
erly Randolph Harrison of Amherst, Va., and is reproduced 
in Peacock's book, p. 118. Vide 499 and 500. 

166S. Taylor Mr., "deceased from 

a portrait by Ford/ ' Bust 1845 

1CG9. Taylor Mr. Henry, "copy 

for his nephew. " Head 1845 

1G70. Taylor Mrs., "of Gerard now 

Chestnut St." Head 1837 

1671, Taylor Mrs. E., "deceased 

from a miniature." Head 1844 

1C72. Taylor It., "his wife & 2 

children in seperate." 12 x 10 1803 

1673. Taylor T. Bust 1805 

1674. Terry Mrs., "for D Wads- 

worth." Bust 1807 

Owned by Richard B. Post, New York. 

1675. Tesere Madame. Bust 1814 

1676. Tevis Mr. "Auction sales- 

man." Bust 1822 

192 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1677. Tevis Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Hunter." Bust 1827 

1G78.,Thayer Col. "Painted at 

West Point." Bust 1831 

Sylvanus Thayer (1785-1872), graduated at the U. S. Mili- 
tary Acadeni}' at West Point in 1S0S, and assigned to the 
Engineer corps. He was superintendent of the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy, 1817 to 1833, and organized the school on its 
present basis. A monument to him was erected at West 
Point in 18S3. Owned by West Point Military Academy. 

1679. Thomas Col., "of the Custom f 

House." 36x44 1865 

William B. Thomas was collector of the Port of Phila. 
and Colonel of the 20th and afterwards of the 192nd Regi- 
ment Penna. Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion. 

1680. Thomas George Gray. Bust 1844 

1681. Thomas Miss, "& brother in 

one canvas." Kit-kat 1811 

1682. Thomas Mrs. W., "of Balti- 

more Whethered." Bust 1841 

1683. Thompson Edward, "son de- 

ceased copy from mine. 

Rejected." Bust 1824 

1684. Thompson Jonah. Bust 1809 

1685. Thompson Mr., "of New 

Orleans. For Mr Lewis." Head 1853 

1686. Thompson Mr., "from a pic- 

ture by Hubbard. Pep- 
per." Bust 1847 
William James Hubard (1S07-1S62) began his artistic career 
as an infant prodigy cutting silhouettes, as which he came 
to Phila. in 1826, and having higher ambitions put himself 
under Sully's instruction and became quite noted for his 
cabinet whole length portraits in oil. Vide the writer's 
"The Last of the Silhouettists,'' in Outlook for Oct. 6, 1900. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-J871. 193 


1GS7. Thuro-n Mons., "for his son." Bust 1818 

16SS. Ticknor Mr... "for himself." Kit-feat 1831 

George Ticknor (1 791-1 871), the distinguished author of the 
History of Spanish Literature and one of the founders of the 
Boston Public Library, which institution owns 16SS. Re- 
• produced in Life and Letters of George Ticknor. 

16S9. Tickle Miss Rebecca. Bust 1812 

1G90. Tickle Mr., "for Mrs Mont- 
gomery." Bust 1815 

1691. Tickle Mr., "copied from 

my 1st Picture." Bust 1818 

John Teackle (1753-1817), a wealthy planter of Virginia 
who liberated his slaves and went to reside in Burlington, 
X. J. 1689 was of the same family. 

1692. Tidyman Dr. Philip, "of 

Charleston S C." Bust 1826 

Philip Tidyman (1777-1850), a distinguished physician of 
Charleston, S. C. This portrait was engraved by Thomas 
B. Welch and belongs to the St. Andrew's Society of 

1693. Tidyman Dr. Philip, "for 

German Friendly S. 

Charln." . Small whole length 1829 

169-1. Tierman Mr s Frank. . Bust 1837 

1695. Tiffany Mrs., "of Balti- 

more." Bust 1847 

1696. Tiffany Mrs., "copy of one 

begun at Providence." Bust 1847 

1697. Tilghman Mrs. Bust 1S15 

169S. Tilghman Mrs. Ben. Bust 1816 

Anna, daughter of William McMurtrie (d. 1S72), married 
Benjamin Tilghman. Owned by Miss Maria Tilghman, 
VOL. XXXIII. — 13 

194 Thomas SuV.y's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 





Tilghman Mrs. J., "Miss 





Tilinghast Mrs., " being the 

1st of my reduced prices." 




Todd Miss, "of Harrisburgh." 




Todd Sens. Mr., "a sub- 





Todd Mrs., "a subscriber." 



Begun April 2. Finished July 1. 

1704. Todd Mrs., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

Begun May 14. Finished June 29. 

1705. Todhunter John. "Merchant 

at 46 G. Marlb." Bust 1837 

Painted in England. 

1706. Todhunter Mr., "for Mr 

Sill, step son." Bust 1S31 

Mr. Sill was the son-in-law of Mr. Todhunter. Vide 1519 
and 1520. 

1707. Tome Mrs., "of Norfolk." Miniature 1803 

1708. Tompkins Goyr., "copied for 

Jarvais." Bust 1807 

1709. Tompkins Goyr., "of N 

York for Delaplaine." Half-length 1S13 

Engraved by W. R. Jones. 

1710. Tompkins Govr., "of N 

York for Dr Gillespie." Small half length 1S16 

Daniel D. Tompkins (1774-1825), Vice President of the 
United States and Governor of New York. 

1711. Tompkins. "Grocer." Bust 1S05 

1712. Towne Miss Sarah. Bust 1S45 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, ISOl'ISll. 195 


1713. Triechel Mr., "deceased. 

From a Daugerreotype." Head 1855 

171-1. Triechel Mrs., "from a 

photograph for her son." Head 1859 

1715. Trumbull Governor. Bust 1807 

Jonathan Trumbull (1740-1809), son of "Brother Jonathan/' 
Governor of Connecticut from 179S until his death and 
brother of Col. John Trumbull the artist. Owned, in 1S39, 
by Mrs. Harriet Stickney, grandniece of the subject. 

1716. Tucker Mrs., "wife of Law- 

yer Tucker." Bust 1805 

1717. Tudor Mr., "deceased for 

Col Perkins." Bust 1831 

William Tudor (1 779-1830), one of the founders of the 
Boston Athenseuin and the projector of the North Ameri- 
can Review. This portrait belongs to the Boston Athe- 

1718. Turnbull Nesbit, "2 & h 

years. For his parents." 3 f. 5x2 f. 7 1S50 

1719. Turnbull Miss. "For Balti- 

more." Bust 1850 

1720. Turnbull Miss Sarah. Bust 1852 

1721. Turnbull Mr. Bust . 1852 

1722. Turnbull Mr., "oval copy 

of Mr Turnbull's port, for 

MrsKrumber." 30x25 1S55 

1723. Turnbull Junr. Mr. Bust 1852 

1724. Turnbull Sen. Mr., "copied 

from RPeale. ForR.T." 30x25 1850 

1725. Turnbull Mrs., "of Cincin- 

nati or Tennesee." Bust 1852 

196 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1726. Turner Charles, "of Vir- 

ginia." Bust 1846 

1727. Turner Miss, "for Mrs Van 

Pelt." Kit-kat 1832 

1728. Turner Mrs., " of Frederick- 

burg Va." Bust 1847 

1729. Turner Miss, "hand intro- 

duced as above." Bust 1847 

1730. Twaits Mr., "of N. York 

Theatre for T Cooper 

Esq." Bust 1806 

1731. Twells Mary, "2 & J years 

old for Mr." 20x16 1830 

1732. Tyler Senr. Mrs., "of Brat- 

tleboro Vt. for her son." Head 1851 


1733. Value V. & child, "in half 

length." 4f. 2 x 3 f . 4 1828 

1734. Vanderkemp Poline, Ber- 

tha & John, "children." Busts 1832 

Pauline Vanderkemp married Bernard Henry, Jr., son of 
741, and founded the Bethsaida Home at Chestnut Hill. 
John Vanderkemp settled in France and followed sculpture 
as a profession. 

1735. Van Ransalear Euphemia. Head 1840 

1736. Van Ransalear Mrs., "of 

Albany." Head 1840 

1737. Van Ransalear Mrs., "copy 

for daughter." Bust 1840 

Van Rensselaer is the correct spelling of thi3 historic name. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 1SY 


173S. Vatick Mr., "Proffessor of 

University of Penna." 50 x 40 1859 

Henry Vethake (1792-1SG6) was born in British Guiana 
and graduated from Columbia College, New York, in 1808. 
He was professor of mathematics and of moral philosophy 
in the Univ. of Penna. from 1S36 to 1859, being provo-t 
during the last five years. Owned by the Univ. of Penna. 

1739. Vanbrum, "a child, son of 

Govt, of Bat-avis." Bust 1S0S 

1740. Vaughan John, "for myself." Bust 1815 

1741. Vaughan John, " copied from 

my first. " Bust 1822 

1742. Vaughan John, "for the 

Philosophical Society." Bust 1823 

1743. Vaughan John, "for myself." Bust 1823 

1744. Vaughan John, "for sale." Head 1823 

1745. Vaughan John. 10x8 1S23 

John Vaughan (1765-1841) came to Philada. from England 
in 1783 and engaged in the wine business. For fifty-five 
years he was Secretary of the American Philosophical 
Society and was the founder of the 1st Unitarian Church 
in Phila. 1742, owned by the American Philosophical 
Society, was engraved by J. W. Steel, another belongs to 
the Historical Society of Penna. 

1746. Verrier Mrs., "from a 

Fotograph for her son." Head 1865 

1747. Verrier Mrs. "Copied from 

the former for her 

Brother." Head 1865 

1748. Verrier Mrs. Head 1865 

19S Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801'1871. 


1749. Victoria, Queen of Eng- 

land. "The head only." Kit-kat 183S 

Begun Mar. 22, finished May 15. This original study from 
life, in vignette, is owned by the artist's grandson Francis 
Thomas Sully Darley, Phila. Vide Introduction, vol. xxxii, 
p. 3S8, n. 

1750. Victoria Queen, "for Hod- 

son & Graves." Bp. half length 1S38 

Begun May 25. Finished June 24. This picture was engraved 
by Wagstaff and the painting is in the Wallace Collection 
at Hertford House, London. 

1751. Victoria Queen, "for the 

St. Georges Society." Whole length 1833 

Begun Sept. 30, 1S33, and finished Jany. 14, 1S39, and for 
it Sully was paid $1000. It is in the Hall of the St. George 
Society, Phila. 

1752. Victoria Queen, "for my- 

self." Whole length 1833 

Begun October 2, finished Dec. 20, and presented by the 
artist to the St. Andrew's Society of Charleston, S. C. 

1753. Victoria, "a copy." 24x20 - 1839 

1754. Victoria, "altering the arms 

of the first." Half length 1839 

1755. Victoria, "copy of my Por- 

trait." 30x25 1871 

1756. Villars Mrs., "in character 

—sketch— Cooper." Whole length 1807 

1757. Villars Mrs., "in character 

of Lady Macbeth." Kit-kat 1807 

1758. Vincent Mr., "for Norfolk." Bust 1816 

1759. Von Spreckelsen Geo. H., 

"deceased. Copy." Head 1853 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 1801-1371. 199 



1760. Wadsworth Daniel. Bust 1807 

Daniel Wadsworth (1771-184S), founder of the Wadsworth 
Athenaeum at Hartford, Ct. 

1761. Wadsworth Mrs. Daniel. Bust 1807 

Faith Trumbull (1769-1346), daughter of 1715, married 
Daniel Wadsworth (1760). 

1762. Wadsworth Mrs., "Daniel 

W's mother." Bust 1S07 

1763. Wadsworth Miss, "for Mrs 

Judge Hopkinson." Head 1834 

Elizabeth, sister of General James S. Wadsworth of Genes- 
see, N. Y., married the Honble. Charles Augustus Murray of 
England. . The portrait is owned by Mrs. Oliver Hopkinson, 
Philada., and is reproduced in Wharton's Salons Colonial 
and Republican. 


Wagner Mr., 






Vide 1271. 


Waldburg Mr., 







Walker Mrs. 




Wallace Mrs., 

" formerly 

Miss Binney." Bust 1S39 

1768. Wallace Mrs., "for H 

Binney. Copied from 1st." Bust 1840 

Susan Binney (177S-1849), sister of 146, married John 
Bradford Wallace and was the mother of John William 
Wallace, President of the Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1769. Wallace Mrs. James, "for- 

merly Miss Johnston." Bust 1819 

1770. Walk Miss, "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

200 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01'187L 


1771. Waln Mrs. Phoebe, " de- 

ceased. For her son." Head 1815 

1772. Waln Mrs., "copy of the 

late Mrs Wain's por- 
trait." Head 1849 
Phoebe Lewis married Hon. Robert Waln and one of her 
portraits by Sully is owned by Mrs. Pebecca Waln Tutt 
Wood of Colorado Springs, Colorado. 

1773. Walsh Miss Gracy. Bust 1803 

1774. Walsh Miss Isabella, Anna, 

Mary & Elizabeth. 54 x 43 1834 

1775. Walsh Mr. Bust 1814 

Robert Walsh (1784-1859), founder of the American Review 
of History and Politics in 1811, the first quarterly started 
in the U. S. Was U. S. Consul in Paris for many years. 
This portrait was lithographed by Albert Newsam and the 
original is owned by Henry C. Walsh of New York. 

1776. Walton Miss, "of Pensa- 

cola." Half length 1833 

1777. Walton Mr. Bust 1817 

1778. Ward Miss Penelope, "of 

Georgetown S C." Bust & hand 1845 

1779. Ward Mr. Joshua, "brother 

of foregoing." Bust 1S45 

1780. Ward R. J., "of Lexington 

Kentucky." Bust 1833 

Owned by Mrs. Matthew F. Ward, Lexington, Ky. 

1781. Warley Mrs., "deceased 

from a Daugerreotype." Head 1S53 

1782. Warner Mr. "Presd. Li- 

beria from a Photo- 
graph." Head 1S64 

Daniel Bastrial Warner, a negro, in hall of Hist. Society 

of Penna. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 201 


1783. Warren Dr., " painted J>t 

Boston.'' Bust 1S3G 

John Collins Warren (1778-1S56), a distinguished surgeon 
of Boston and nephew of General Joseph Warren who fell 
at Bunker Hill. 

1784. Warren Mrs., " of the Phila- 

delphia theatre." Bust 1S07 

1785. Warren Mrs. ; "as Calister 

in Fair Penitent." Bust 180S 

Ann Brunton (1769-1S0S) was the first English actress of 
eminence to cross the ocean. In 1792 she married Robert 
Merry of the Horse Guards and they came to this country 
in 1796. Two years later Merry died and she married 
Thomas Wignell, the manager, who died soon after and she 
married William Warren, the actor, 1790. This record, as 
well as that of Mrs. John Drew, 465, will show that plurality 
of marriages among players is no new matter. Her sister 
Louisa became Countess of Craven. 

1786. Warren Mrs., "and infant." Head 1811 

1787. Warren Wm. "Theatre, a 

subscriber." Head 1808 

William Warren (1767-1832), for many years Manager of the 
old Chestnut Street Theatre, Phila. This portrait was en- 
graved by David Edwin for the Mirror of Taste. ■ 

1788. Washington Genl., "copied 

from Stuart's whole 
length at Hartford. Copy 
on a small scale." Kit-kat 1807 

1789. Washington. "Copied from 

the same." Bust 1807 

1790. Washington Genl., "for the 

state of North Carolina. 

Copied from Stuart," 9 f. x 6 f. 1817 

202 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1S01~1871. 


1791. Washington" Genl., "from 

Stuart." Bust 1S20 

1792. Washington Genl.. ''after 

Stuart for J. Wain." Bust 1827 

1793. Washington. ''Study for 

Equestrian portrait. Pre- 
sented to Col. John 
Wheeler." Kit-kat 1841 

1794. Washington. ''Equestrian 

Portrait." 12 f. 6x9 f. 6 1842 

Owned by the Union League of Philadelphia. 

1795. Washington, "copy from 

Stuart by Tom re- 
touched." 8 ft. x 5 ft. 1S42 

1796. Washington Genl. "Copied 

from Stuart for H. S 

Wisn." Bust 1S54 

Owned by the Historical Society of Wisconsin at Madison. 

1797. Washington Genl., "for the 

Hist Socy from Stuart." Bust 1855 

Owned by the Historical Society of Penna. 

1798. Washington Genl., "for 

myself. From Stuart 

owned by Col. Hunt." Head 1855 

1799. Washington. "Copy of 

Stuart's. From mine." Bust 1S56 

1S00. Washington, "for H. S. V. 

order of Mr Taylor." Bust 1856 

Owned by the Virginia Historical Society. 

1801. Washington, "copy 4th of 

Stuart's." Bust 1S56 

Thomas Sully's Begister of Portraits, 1801-1871. 203 


1802. Washington, "copy after 

Stuart." 24x20 1863 

1803. Washington, " after Healy's 

copy." 24x20 1868 

1804. Washington, "2d copy." 24 x 20 186S 

1805. Washington, "3rd copy." 24 x 20 1868 

1806. Washington, "4th copy." 24 x 20 1868 

1807. Washington Genl. 5x5 1869 

1808. Washington Genl., "copy of 

Stuart's whole length of." 30 x 27 1S70 

1809. Washington Genl. "From 

Trumbull & Stuart." 30x25 1871 

1810. Washington Mrs. Genl. 5x5 1869 

1811. Washington Familt. "A 

composition. Original." Kit-kat 1850 

1812. Waterman Mrs., "condemn- 

ed, declined." Head 1845 

1813. Waterman Mrs., "in lieu of 

the one condemned." Head 1S45 

1814. Watmough Mrs., "'formerly 

Miss Nicklin." Bust 1S25 

Maria Chew Nicklin (1S0O-1S64), sister of 401, married 
Edmund C. Watmough. Owned by M. Russell Thayer, 

1815. Watts Junr. Mr. "At- 

torney." Head 1S43 

Henry Miller Watts U. S. Attorney for Penna. and U. S. 
Minister to Austria. 

1816. Watts Sen. Mr., "from a 

small picture." Head 1S43 

204: Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1817. Watts Mrs., "formerly Miss 

Schonenberger." Head 1843 

Wife of 1S15. 

1818. Wear Mr., " vendue-master." Bust 1813 

1819. Weight-man Mr., "of George- 

town." Kit-kat 1812 

1820. Weir Silas, "auctioneer." Kit-kat 1815 

Probably the same person as 1818 only spelled differently. 

1821. Welford Mr., "on Pike's 

acct," Head 1811 

1822. Welford Mrs., "'on Pike's 

acct." Head 1811 

Vide 1318. 

1823. West Benj., "copied from 

Leslie. For the A F A." Half length 1864 

Leslie made a copy of Lawrence's portrait of West from 
which this was copied for the Artist's Fund Society. 

1824. Wethered Mr. Bust 1853 

1825. Wethered Mrs. "Formerly 

Miss Evans." Bust 1853 

1826. Wetherill Dr. Charles. Head 1855 

1827. Wetherill Miss, " for 1 of a 

group of 5 heads." Head 1854 

1828. Wetherill Miss Margarite. Head 1S51 

1829. Wetherill Mr. Chs. " Copy 

from Grimes." Head 1853 

1830. Wetherill Mr. Chs., "copy 

No. 2. for his son." Head 1853 

1831. Wetherill Mr. Chs., "de- 

ceased. Copy, No. 3." Head 1854 

1832. Wetherill Mr. Charles. 

"Copy No. 4." Head 1854 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801.-1871. 205 


1833. Wetherill Mrs. Chs. "Copy 

from Eicholtz." Head 1853 

1834. Wetherill Mrs. Chs., " copy 

No. 2. for her son." Head 1853 

1835. Wetherill Mrs. Chs. " Copy 

No. 3." Head 1854 

1836. Wetherill Mrs. Charles. 

Copy No. 4. These 

ordered by their son." Head 1854 

"These" refers to copies No. 4, 1832, and 1836. 

1837. Wetherill Jr. Mr. C. Head 1854 

1838. Wetherill Mr. John, "for 

1 of a group of 5 heads." Head 1854 

1839. Wetherill Price, "from a 

former portrait." Head 1854 

1S40. Wetherill Mrs. Price, "for 

1 of a group of 5 heads." Head 1854 

1841. Wetherill Mrs., "wife of 

Price Wetherill's son." Head 1S53 

1842. Wharton Mrs. Bust 1825 

Margaret, daughter of Francis Rawle, married November 14, 
1786, Isaac Wharton. 

1843. Wharton Mrs., "copy for 

Mrs J Smith." Bust 1833 

Vide 1546. Owned by Mrs. William H. Gaw, Philadelphia. 

1844. Wharton Mrs., "formerly 

MissMarkoe." Head 1837 

Maria Markoe (d. 1873) married George M. Wharton. 
Owned by Mrs. Thomas McKean, Philadelphia. 

1845. Wharton Miss Mary, "for 

Mr Wadsworth." Head 1S34 

Mary Craig Wharton married General James S. Wads- 
worth and her portrait is owned by Charles P. Wadsworth 
of Genesee, N. Y., and is reproduced in Wharton's Salons 
Colonial and Republican. 

206 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1846. Wheatly Mrs. Kit-kat 1S54 

1847. Wheeler Ellen, " my daugh- 

ter. For her Mother." Head 1S48 

1848. Wheeler Ellen, Charles & 

Woodbury, " in group, 

full length. Presented." 5 ft, x 4 ft, 3 1844 

Grandchildren of the painter. 

1849. Wheeler John, " my son in 

law. A present," Bust 1845 

1850. Wheeler Woodbury. " Pres- 

ent to Ellen." Oval 1S68 

1851. Wheeling Mrs. Half length 1S12 

Mary Siddons Whelen (1788-1867), wife of Israel Whelen 
and grandmother of Henry Whelen, Jr., late President 
Penna. Acad, of the Fine Arts. 

1852. White Bishop, "of Phila." Half length 1814 

Engraved by Michele Pekinino. Owned by Judge William 
White Wiltbank, Philadelphia. 

1853. White Bishop, m copied from 

Stuart for Mrs Mc- 

Murtrie." Head 1827 

Owned by Hist. Soc. of Penna. 

1854. White Bishop, "for Jos 

Harrison from Stuart." Head 1827 

1855. White Bishop, "Ae 80." 

"For G Harrison." Head 1828 

Owned by George Harrison Fisher of Phila* 
1S56. White Bishop, "for Dr 

Montgomery." 19x15 1S29 

1857. White Bishop. "Copy of my 

first, painted 1828." Head 1S29 

William White (1748-1836), chaplain of the Continental 
Congress and of the U. S. Senate under the Presidency of 
Washington. Consecrated first Episcopal Bishop of Penna. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 207 


1858. White Mr. "Glass merchant 

Norfolk." Miniature 1801 

1859. White Mrs. Judge. Bust 1837 
1S60. Whitehead Mr. Kit-kat 1813 

1861. Whitherill Dr. Head 1833 

1862. Whitherill Mrs. Dr., "in 

place of one condemned. " Head 1834 

1863. Whitheril Price, "colour 

store." Bust 1822 

1864. Whitheril Mrs. Price, "of 

Front St." Bust 1822 

1865. Whitherill Mrs., "formerly 

MissBloomfield." Head 1833 

1S66. Whitherill Senr. "Copy 

from Eicholtz for Dr W." Bust 1833 

1861 to 1S66 should be spelled "Wetherill." Vide 1827 to 

1867. Wickham Mrs. 12x10 1805 

1868. Wiggin Mrs., "of Boston." Kit-kat 1814 

Charlotte Fowle married Benjamin Wiggin. Owned by 
Mrs. H. T. Durant, Boston. 

1869. Wigxal Elizabeth, " for Mr 

Warren." Head 1813 

1870. Wilcocks Bexjn., "of Phila. 

forBeckman." Bust 1S07 

On June 20, 1807, in New York, Sully began the two por- 
traits of Wilcocks for Beekman and of Beekman for Wil- 
cocks. Vide 105. 

1871. Wilcocks Benjn. Bust 1S07 

Benjamin Chew Wilcocks (1776-1845) a liberal friend of the 
fine arts and Sully's first patron inPhila. 

20S Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1572. Wilcocks Miss Ann, "for 

her brother." Bust 1807 

Begun December 9, 1S07. The first portrait painted by 
Sully in Philadelphia. 

1573. Wilcocks Miss Ann. Bust 180S 

Ann Wilcocks (1781-1831), married Sept, 22, 1813, Joseph 
Reed Ingersoll. Vide S33. 

1574. Wilcocks Meeta & Ellex. 

" Group for Mrs BW." Bust 1846 

These should be Mary Wain, who m. Alexander D. Camp- 
bell, and Helen Julia who married Chandler Robbins. 

1875. Wilie Mrs., '''of N. York for 

her sister Mrs Campbell." 24 x 20 1862 

1876. Wilkes Capt. C. ; "U. S. N. 

for Government." Bust 1843 

Charles Wilkes (1798-1877), a distinguished naval officer 
who made important explorations of the Southern hemis- 
phere, for which he received a gold medal from the Royal 
Geographical Society of London. His capture of Mason 
and Slidell, from an English steamship, in the War of the 
Rebellion, made his name known everywhere. This portrait 
was engraved by Richard W. Dodson for the reports of his 
exploring expedition published by the U. S. Government. 

1877. Williams Col. J., "for City 

of N. York." Bust 1813 

1878. Williams Genl. J.,' "for the 

Military Academy at West 

Point." Whole length 1815 

Vide introduction, vol. xxxii, p. 393. 

1879. Williams Genl. J., "copied 

from the 1st picture in- 
tended for West Point, 

begun by my pupil West." Whole length 1816 

Jonathan Williams (1752-1815), grandncphew of Dr. 
Franklin; U. S. Commercial agent in Europe, 1777-1785, 
entered the army, 1S01, and the next year organized and 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-181 1. 209 


became first Superintendent of West Point Military Acad- 
emy. 1S77 is in City Hall, New York; 1879 is at Military 
Academy, West Point ; and 1878 is owned by the Estate of 
Colonel Alexander Biddle, Philadelphia. This last shows 
the force of the word "intended" in Sully's note to 1879. 
"My pupil West " was William E. West (1788-1857), known 
as "Kentucky West/' whose portrait of Lord Byron is 
world famous. 

1880. Williams Mr., "of George- 

town." Kit-kat 1812 

1881. Williams Mrs., "of Balti- 

more. Miss Beck." Bust 1817 

1882. Williams Mrs. B. Bust 1821 

1883. Williams T. H. ; "of 

Natchez." Bust 1834 

1884. Williamson Mr., "73 Market 

St." Bust 1837 

Isaiah Vansant Williamson (1808-1889), a penurious phil- 
anthropist, of Philadelphia. 

1885. Willing Mr., "for the Mutu- 

al Insurance Co." Bust 1845 

The Mutual Assurance Co. of Phila. owns a portrait of 

Richard Willing by G. P. A. Healy, but no portrait of 
"Mr. Willing ,? by Sully. 

1886. Wilmot Mrs., "Theatre Va 

miniature." Bust 1805 

1887. Wilson Mr. Miniature 1S03 

1888. Winthrop Lut. Govr., "for 

his family." Half length 1S31 

Thomas Lindall Winthrop (17G0-1S41), lieutenant governor 
of Massachusetts, 1826 to 1832. Father of Hon. Robert 
Charles Winthrop. Owned by American Antiquarian Soci- 
ety, Worcester, Mass. 

1889. Wistar Dr., "deceased from 

Wood's draw'g. Rubbed 

out/' Bust 1S30 

vol. xxxiii. — 14 

210 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1590. Wistar Dr., "2nd picture. 

Copied from Otis." Bust 1830 

Caspar Wistar (1761-1818), a distinguished physician of 
Philada. and founder of the Wistar Parties that were a 
prominent part of Philadelphia social life for many years. 

1591. Withers Miss Caroline and 

Miss Cornelia. "Group." Head 1858 

1892. Wood Bh. "For the Propa- 

ganda at Rome." Bust 1859 

James Frederic Wood (1S13-1883), Roman Catholic Arch- 
bishop of Phila. He was born a Quaker and joined the 
Roman Catholic Church at the age of twenty-three and 
began to study for the priesthood, to which he was ordained 
at thirty-one. 

1893. Wood Mr., "a subscriber." Bust 1808 

"A Subscriber," repeated so often in Sully's Register, means 
that soon after his coming to Philadelphia thirty persons 
subscribed S30 each, to enable Sully to go to England to 
study, for which he painted each one's portrait. 

1894. W 7 ood Mr., "as Charles De 

Moor whole length." Half length 1810 

The head engraved by David Edwin for the Mirror of Taste. 

1S95. W^ood. "From a study in 

1810 as Charles de Moor." Head 18G0 

William B. Wood (1779-1861), a popular actor and mana- 
ger, whose "Autobiographical Recollections" have been pub- 
lished. 1895 is owned by the Hist. Soc. of Pa. 

1896. Wood Mrs., "of Arch St," Kit-kat 1835 

1897. Wood Mrs. "Vocalist," 24x20 1S36 

1S98. Wood Mrs. "Vocalist by 

recollection. Self." Head. 1836 

1899. Wood Mrs. "Vocalist in 

Somnambula,last scene." 6 f. 6 x 4 f. 6 1830 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, ISOl'ISll. 211 


1900. Wood Mrs. "Vocalist. The 

foregoing reduced as a 

study. " Kit-kat 1S36 

Julia Paget, a favorite English opera singer, became Lady 
Lenox and later married Joe Wood the pugilist, with 
whom she came to this country. 

1901. Wood Wm. "Surveyor." Bust 1810 

1902. Woodall Rev. Dr., "of 

Burlington." Kit-kat 1822 

1903. Woodrough Mrs., "at Oak- 

ville, Trenton, New 

Jersey." Bust 1819 

1904. Woodrough Revd. G., "for 

Lady Houston — Grand- 
mother." Bust 1819 

1905. Wood worth Dudley. Miniature 1801 

1906. Woolcot Mrs. "Retouching 

a copy by Dunlap." Bust 1814 

1907. Woolcot Oliver. Bust 1814 

Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833), Secretary of the Treasury under 
Washington, and Governor of- Connecticut from 1817 to 
• 1827. He was son of the Signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence of the same name, in consequence of which they 
are often confused. Engraved by A. B. Durand in 1S20. 
Owned by Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, Conn. 

1908. Worsely Mrs. Miniature 1S05 

1909. Wright Mrs. Grove, "& her 

two children." Bh. half length 1807 

For this picture Sully charged $200, the highest price he had 
received to this time. Begun July 10, finished July 23, 
inside of two weeks. 

212 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 



1910. Yates Judge, "of Lancaster. 

a subscriber." Bust 1S0S 

Jasper Yeates (1745-1817), Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Penna. 

1911. Yates Rev. H., "of the 

Charleston Bethel Ch." Bust 1846 

1912. Yonge Mr. J. T., "or Young." Bust 1855 

1913. Young Mrs., "for Mr Y of 

Missis." Bust & Hand 1835 


1914. Zantzinger Mrs., "of Lan- 

caster." Small bust 1808 


1915. Dallas George Mifflin. Head 1S30 

Vide 396, n. Exhibited at Historical Portrait Exhibition, 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1SS7- 
88; and owned by Mrs. Elizabeth Dallas Tucker. 

1916. Davis Colonel Samuel B. Whole length 1S19 

Vide 419, n. Signed and dated. Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and owned by Sussex D. Davis, Philadelphia. This is doubt- 
less 419, and not a replica, as the State of Delaware does 
not possess any portrait of Col. Davis at the present time. 

1917. Fairman Colonel Gideon. Bust 

Vide 517, n. Exhibited at Portrait Exhibition, New York, 
1890, and owned by Mrs. James S. Warren, New York. 

1918. Ingersoll Charles Jared. Bust 1S3S 

Vide 829, n. Signed and dated. Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and o^ned by Mrs. Harry Ingersoll, Philadelphia. 

Thomas Sully s Register of Portraits, 18Q1-1S71. 213 


1919. Ingersoll Joseph Reed. Bust 1832 

Vide 833, n. Signed and dated. Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and owned by Law Association, Philadelphia. Lithographed 
by Newsam as after Inman. 

1920. Jackson Andrew. Bust 1824 

Vide 854, n. Exhibited at Historical Portrait Exhibition. 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and owned by L. 
Taylor Dickson, Philadelphia. 

1921. La Fayette. Head 1824 

Vide 9S3, n. Signed and dated. Exhibited at Historical 
Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
and owned by Herbert Welsh, Philadelphia. 

1922. Leslie Mrs. Robert. 1815 

Vide 1021, n. Wife of Robert Leslie (1765-1804), a noted 
Philadelphia clockmaker and mathematician, who was 
elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 
1795, and mother of Charles Robert Leslie, R.A., the dis- 
tinguished painter. 

1923. Malcolm Angelica. Halflength 1813? 

Vide 1141. Exhibited at Historical Portrait Exhibition, 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and owned by Mrs. 
George M. Coates, Philadelphia. 

1924. Patterson William. Bust 1821 

Vide 1289, n.' Signed and dated. In collection of Mary- 
land Historical Society, Baltimore. 

1925. Penn-Gaskell Isaac. Half length 

(1810-1842). Physician and son of 1926. 

1926. Penn-Gaskell Peter. Half length 

(1763-1831). Lineal descendant, of William Penn. Came 
from England to Philadelphia late in the ISth century. 

1927. Penn-Gaskell Mrs. Peter. Half length 

(1772-1834). Was Elizabeth Edwards. 

214 Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 


1928. Penn-Gaskell Thomas. Half length 

(1796-1847). Son of 1926. 1925 to 1928 were exhibited 
at Historical Portrait Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy 
of Fine Arts, along with 608 and 696, and owned by Peter 
Penn-Gaskell Hall. Vide 608 and 696. 

1929. Roberts Joseph Jenkins. Bust 1844 

A negro; Lieut.-Governor of Liberia and later President of 
the Republic. Painted and presented by Sully to Penn- 
sylvania Colonization Society along with eighteen other 
portraits now in the hall of the Historical Society of Penn- 

1930. Sully Family. Group 

Ten heads, on one canvas, of the painter's wife and nine of 
her children. Owned by Garrett C. Neagle, Philadelphia. 

1931. Sully Sarah. 1832 

Vide 1641, n. 

The following portraits of women have been publicly 
exhibited as by Sully, but I have been unable to identify 
them in the Register, doubtless from their having been 
painted before marriage and entered under the maiden names 
of the subjects. 

exhibited at the portrait exhibition of women, new- 
york, november, 1s94. 
Henry, Mrs. William Hamilton. 

Owned by William Hamilton Henry, New York. 

Morris, Mrs. Robert, of New Jersey. 

Owned by F. H. Bosworth, New York. 


MARCH, 1S95. 

Burgess, Mrs. Sophia Kip. 
Owned bv Miss Storrs. 

Thomas Sully's Register of Portraits, 1801-1871. 215 

exhibited at the loan exhibition of portraits, new 
york, november, 1s95. 

Bayard, Mrs. Richard Henry. 

Vide 96. Owned by Mrs. Oswald Jackson, Xew York. 

Jackson, Mrs. Isaac R, and Mrs. John Lee. 
Owned by Mrs. Oswald Jackson, New York. 

Jackson, Mrs. Isaac R. 

Owned by Mrs. Oswald Jackson, Xew York. 


Allston, Mrs. William. 

Vide 32. Owned by C. T. Miller, Cincinnati. 

Bullock, Mrs. Benjamin. 

Vide 239. Owned by Mrs. A. D. Bullock, Cincinnati. 


Allston, Mrs. R. F. W. 

Vide 23-25, 28. Owned by Mrs. A. Van der Horst. 

Greene, Mrs. Thomas. 

Owned by Mrs. M. W. Simmons. 
Horlbrook, Mrs. J. E. 

Vide 770. Owned by Mrs. C. C. Pinckney. 

Lewis, Mrs. John W. 

Vide 1032. Owned by Dr. Francis Porcher Lewis. 

Sully painted a picture that was engraved by John Cheney 
for The Gift, for 1837, of a young girl reading a letter addressed 
to "Mary H.," entitled The Love Letter. From its composi- 
tion it could be a portrait or a fancy picture. In May, 1891, 
at a sale of paintings from the Cooper Estate, at Davis and 
Harvey's Auction House, Philadelphia, this picture was sold 
as " Portrait of Miss E. Sim3, of Philadelphia. " The canvas 
was signed "T. S. 1837." There is no portrait of Miss Sims 
in the Register. 

216 Correspondence of Col, Henry Bouquet. 



(Concluded from page 117.) 
(Col. Bouquet to Richard Peters.) 

Fort Bedford 12 th Sept 1759 
Dear Sir 

Having an Express to Send down in a hurry I have only 
time to acknowledge the reception of your last of the l 5t Ins 1 . 

I forwarded to the General the Governor's Letter I do 
not know whether he will feel as I do the injustice of your 
People But I confess my Patience is at an End, having had 
particulars & personal Proofs that no Gentleman can dream 
of living in your Province, while the Power is lodged in 
hands Still full of the dirt of their former Mechanical k 
base Trades — 

If your Propr. will Subinitt to their Incroachments, I 
think he has a right to do it and if he continues to doze, his 
thin attendance of friends will fall asleep : 

Major Ward has no Comission, Please to Send me one 
for him. I will write you more fully by the first Express. 
For this day, Forgive <fc Yale • tt t> 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

^ „ Fort Bedford 13 th September 1759 

Dear Sir, 

I received your favours of the 5 th & 7 th Instant and hope 
you have got to your ground by this time, The weather 
having been remarkably fine. 

I wrote to Cumberland to send you flour & forrage, by 
the first Pack Horses from Virginia, but wish you bad 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 217 

taken more with you. Col. Mercer is desired to send you 
12 Beeves, Capt. Woodward is to inform you by express 
of the time those supplies will set off from Cumberland. 

Had we Tools and proper People to employ, the repara- 
tion of Braddoeks Road would be very necessary; for want 
of those two things, I am afraid we shall do nothing Cap 1 
Pearis has orders to join you with his Company, taking the 
Pack Horses under his Escort, and Lieut. Jones is to follow 
with the next Convoy to you. 

We have had an account from St. Lawrence that Geiv'l 
Wolff attacked the lines the 31 st July with all the Grena- 
diers & 200 R. A. but was repulsed with loss of 400 men 
partly wounded. People begin to think that he will not 
succeed, But will ruin the Country in his Retreat. I hope 
better, he has beat the Canadians & Indians everywhere, 
killed great numbers. & got 500 Prisoners. 

Xo news from Europe, Callendar is arrived with his new 
Horses, But Hambright is yet at Lancaster. 
I am my Dear Sir 

Your most obed' u hble serv' 

Henry Bouquet 
Col. Armstrong marched with his 
Batt n the 8 th for Ligonier. 

For fear of exposing you to want, if the Pack Horses should 
not return in time from Winchester, I send orders to 
Capt Woodward to send you directly ten of Donaldson's 
Horses with 150 ,v of Hour each and six Beeves under an 
Escort of a Lieut. & 16 men and as soon as the Pack Horses 
arrive to order 3G to proceed to you with [torn] & 18 with 
forrage, the rest to go to Pittsburgh. ^ ^ 

(Col. Bouquet to Edward Shippen.) 

_ „ Bedford 29 th September 1750 

Dear Sir 1 

Besides the £2000 : St. I sent you lately, I desired Capt. 

Sinclair to pay you £500 : and I inclose you another draught 

21 S Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

of this date for £1000 : St. which I desire you will not draw 
till you have occasion for it, and give advice to Mr. Nelson 
of the time that he may be ready for you. 

Capt. Hambright's Brigade is in sight, he has lost many 
drivers & Horses. 

The forrage being abundant here, you may begin to let 
some Flour come up when occasion offers : We have up- 
wards of 12000 Bushells of different grains here, and more 
coming every day, So I suppose we shall soon have enough, 
and I shall let you know when to stop buying more. 
I am Dear Sir 

Your most obed' hble Serv* 

Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

Bedford 80 th September, 1759 
Dear Sir 

Your letter of the 25 th received last night surprised & 
vexed me beyond Expression ; after giving such strict 
charge to Lt. Col. Mercer to subsist you & repeated orders 
to the Commanding officer at Cumberland to forward Pro- 
visions with the utmost diligence, Could I imagine that 
they would let you starve ? It is hard to have nobody to 
depend upon; Those Pack Horses you sent back to be 
loaded with forrage are not come back yet; and that was 
the Province to subsist the whole army. 

I hope your Beeves have saved your Lives, with what 
Deers you could kill, till the Convoy gone from Cumberland 
reaches you : There is 41 Waggons from Winchester loaded 
with flour, and the Pack Horses going to your Post; I wish 
you had sent to Pittsburgh for supplies, it would have been 
easier. I had beg'd of the Genl. to send a Battoe to meet 
you, But with other Things was forgotten. I am sorry to 
my Soul of your cruel situation, reproaching myself to have 
trusted to any Body but myself the Care of your subsist- 
ence, But I did not then expect to have been so long de- 
tained here. 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 219 

Hambright's Brigade arrived at last yesterday with at 
least 20 Horses lost & 9 Drivers. They will require 3 or 
four days rest, & when I see them on their Way forward, I 
shall proceed myself to Pittsburgh. 

Ourry sends you the things you want which we were 
obliged to get done in a hurry not to detain this Express. 

I hope the nails & other things from Winchester will 
be sent to you. But to make sure you could write for 
some to Cap* Gordon and replace them to him, when you 

You will have oats for your Horses, If you find the River 
navigable, Please to write to the General to send you the 
Battoes to take what flour and salt will come to you. 

I am glad you could find such a pretty situation for your 
Post. Give it a shorter name than the wild one of the Creek. 

If I don't go to Niagara (as I hear I am ordered by Gen. 
A) I will pay you a visit, if you have not joined us when I 
am at Pittsburgh 

Provost Smith is expected at Philad* having defeated the 
Philistins compleatly 

There is some Church Squabble stirred up by one 
M c clanigan, supported by Mr Rob & Party. 

No better news from Quebec. It i3 generally expected 
we shall miscarry there. 

Nothing from Europe. 

Mrs Sterling is gone. The departure was so lamentable that 
Pat 'writes me he was sent for to moderate the grieff. 

Farewell my dear Sir, my kind Compliments to Col. 
Shippen. I am 

Dear Sir 

Your most devoted hble Servant 
Henry Bouquet. 
[Addressed] On His Majesty's Service 
To Colonel Burd 

upon the Monongahela 

To be forwarded from Fort Cumberland by another man 

& Horse to Colonel Burd. 

220 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd?) 

Pittsburgh -24 th October 1759 
Dear Sir 

I arrived here the 15 th and was since upon the new Road 
opened from the three Redoubts to this Place which has 
proved a heavy and difficult Work. 

I returned yesterday and the General ordered me to an- 
swer your Letter of the 18 th 

lie approves of the two small Houses you propose to build 
at the Crossing of Yioghiogheny, and desires when the natt 
and Houses are finished that you would order a carefull Ser- 
geant and ten men to keep that Post. They must have a 
couple of falling axes and a Padlock for the Stores. 

As there is neither men nor Tools at Fort Cumberland 
or Bedford you must be so good to take the charge of get- 
ting the Bridge built upon the little crossing and to order 
the Lo£2;s to be covered with o-ood fascines and Earth and 
secured by strong Pins. 

As soon as your own Post is finished, the General desires 
you to march with the remainder of your detachment to 
Pittsburgh, leaving a diligent officer and 20 or 25 men at 
Burd's Fort, The officer must give Certificates for all Pro- 
visions, Forrage &c, that will be sent there from Virg* and 
Maryland and inform the General or me thereof that Battos 
may be sent to bring them down. lie will give a Regular 
Invoice of Each article sent here, to prevent neglect and 
Confusion : Some allowance will be made to him in Consid- 
eration of his Care. 

I shall be extremely glad to see you here and remain, my 
Dear Sir 

Your most obed 1 Hble Servt 
Henry Bouquet 
They say Quebec is fallen, 
Wolff killed, Montcalm and 
2 more generals killed. 500 
lost on our side. 1600 on the 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 221 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

Pittsburgh 25 th October 1759 
Dear Sir 

To prevent any future deficiency of Provision at your 
Post, Please to send orders to Messrs Walker and Ruther- 
furd for the quantity of Beeves that you may want at your 
Post & the two crossings of the Yioghiogheny and stop the 
flour you will have occasion for from the Convoys passing 
at your Post. 

If you had a Canoe I would propose to you to send a 
small Party up the Mononghehela to reconoitre the course 
& bearings of that River and how far it is navigable above 
your Fort; We could discover by that if a nearer Cut could 
be found with the Patowmack. 

The Yioghiogheny deserves also some notice, But am 
afraid you have nobody to judge of the possibility of making 
use of it for a communication unless Col. Shippen could 
take the trouble to follow that River down to the Monong- 
hehela. Could I be spared here it would give me great 
satisfaction to explore those Waters with you, and con- 
tribute to a service that may prove so beneficial to the 
Public- Farewell my Dear Sir 

I am Yours 

H. Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. Burd.) 

*■ ^ Winchester 18 th December 1759. 

Dear Sir 

I have at last settled the account of this department as 
far as could be done & propose setting off the 20 th for 
York, where I shall stay a day or two to settle w tu M r Ste- 
venson & then proceed to Lancaster : as I must make some 
Stay there, I must beg the favour you would secure me a 
lodging at Slough, Mr. Gary's House being too cold. 

I hope that M r Shippen has been able by this time to 
close his accounts, as I don't Expect any more Carriages 
this year: Tf any bodv there has any Claims against the 

222 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet, 

Crown; Be so kind or M r Shippen to publish an adver- 
tisem* for them to bring in their accounts to him, to be set- 
tled that I may not be detained having so many more below. 
The General writes me that he docs not propose to leave 
Pittsburgh before febrnary if so soon. Your Troops are 
coming down to form the Line settled at Pittsburgh. 
Farewell my dear Sir 

Your most obed 1 hble serv 1 

H. Bouquet 
My Respects to y r Lady & Mr Shippen's 

family, hope you found them all well. 

(Orders given at Fort Bedford.) 

Fort Bedford, Jan. 21 st 1760 

12 o'Clock (Meridiem) 
The whole detachment to parade with their Arms at 1 
o'clock when every Man that does not attend, as well as 
those that refuse to do their Duty, shall be looked upon as 
Ring Leaders of Mutiny and Rebellion against His Majesty 
& will be punnished as such by the Sentence of a General 
Court Martial & forfeit all his Pay. — 

And the Commanding Officer takes this oppertunity to 
inform them that he has received certain Intelligence by 
Letters to Capt. Curry & himself that the Royal Americans 
arrived at Carlisle the 17 th Inst: & are marching up with all 
Expedition to relieve this Garrison & will undoubtedly be 
here this Week. 

And Colonel Shippen hereby acquaints those that will 
chearfully do their Duty as good Soldiers till that Relief 
arrives, that he will do everything in his power to have 
Justice done them in every respect. — 

(Col. Bouquet to Captain Sehlosser.) 

g IR# Philadelphia, 4 th April 1760. 

I just this Moment return from Xew York and as the 
Batt is to Remain in this Departeraent you will please to 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 223 

Send to Pittsburg and Bedford the Cloathing of the Six 
Companies & the detachment of ours — keeping at Lancaster 
what is necessary to compleat our four Companies to 100 
Rank and file, one Jlyler a Waggoner in Lancaster known 
by Mr. Shippen. will find you the Number of Waggons 
wanted for it & if Possible more which are to be loaded 
with forage They are to have two Dollars per Day besides 
forrage from Bedford to Pittsburg & back again to bedford 
but they are to supply themselves at their own Expence from 
hence to bedford and back again all loss and Damages that 
could befall them by the Enemy will be paid by the Crown 
tho 1 !Nothing for Horses lost by the drivers Xeglect this 
can make Some difficulties with the people but they are to 
Consider that they will have an Escort from bedford forward 
and that having Constantly their horses tied to the Waggons 
they Run no Risque of losing them if any of them after going 
to Pittsburg would choose to Remain in the Service they will 
be Employed between Bedford and Pittsburg or in Carrying 
ammunition from Legonier as the General will be at Lan- 
caster. You are to take his Order upon all this Keeping 
the Waggons ready to Set out when he thinks proper. Aa 
Soon as you know how Many Waggons Iieylar can provide 
you will be so good to Speak with Mr. Shippen to procure 
forrage for them or if none is to be got in or about Lancaster 
they must Load Flower at Some of the Mills for Carlisle 
where they will Take in Forrage. I have not seen yet Mr. 
Lunan and Shall Send you Immediately the articles you 
want with the Camp Equipage, my most II 1 Respects t<:> 
the General you will Soon have orders to March therefore 
you will keep every thing ready. 
I am D r S r 

Your most obed' Humble Serv c 

Henry Bouquet 
P. S. You know that 
Major Tulliken goes to 
Warburtons 6c Cap 1 Walters 
of [?] 


Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

(Col. Bouquet to 



Presq/Isle 30 th September 1760 
Dear Sir 

I received last night your Letter of the 31. August and 
was very glad to hear that you are Well. No Body can be 
more sensible of your past services than I am, and would be 
better pleased to see them properly rewarded. But as I 
never had the Power to appoint a. D. Q. M. G. I can not 
see of what use my Certificate would be to you : neverthe- 
less you know you may command me, and if I can Serve 
you, I will do it with all my heart — I hope it will not be 
detrimental to your Interest to postpone Sending you that 
Certificate till I can see General Monckton, and know his 
sentiments upon it : Sir John-St. Clair being at the head of 
that branch, and acting, is the proper Person to give such 
Certificate, and as your friend will not refuse it : It is very 
probable that if I do interfer I might rather hurt than serve 
you. But I am ready to do what I can for your advantage 
which nobody wishes more sincerely than Dear Sir 

Your Devoted hble Servant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Eichard Peters.) 

Port Pitt 5 th October 1761 
Dear Sir 

I have the Pleasure to acquaint you that the Treaty at 
Detroit has Succeeded to the utmost of our Wishes. 

A Separate Confederacy is made between the Shawancse, 
Delawares, Wyandots, and other Western Indians offensive 
and deffensive in which we are Included : The Petticoat is 
taken from the Delawares & they are now Men, with all the 
appurtenances thereto belonging, as many of our female 
Captives can certify. 

All their Prisoners are to be delivered, but they will force 
none to quit them : a New Regulation is made by Sir Wil- 
liam for the Trade at Each Post lowering the Price of 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 225 

goods : Traders will be sent to their Towns with Sir Wil- 
liam's Licences But this will take Place only when they 
have performed their Engagement. 

Several Parties are gone to War against the Cherokees, 
& will certainly Influence their disposition for Peace. 

All this Transaction can not be very agreeable to the Six 
Nations, who are to meet Sir W m in their country, when 
after a Rebuke for their past Rash behaviour, They will be 
taken into favour again. Their Complaints redressed and 
there will be a general Peace all Nations. Amen. 

Pray what is the Cause of the unexpected Return of 

Col. B I don't like it, because I love him & am afraid 

he has been too Impatient. I wish most sincerely on his 
account a Speedy Peace with the Cherokees, which would 
put an End to all the transactions on that Side. 

We have here the Carolina Paper War. It is high time 
to end the War with the French, for I see Ennemys enough 
among ourselves to keep up a martial Spirit. Forgive this 
hasty Scrawl— Shall I not See you Soon in Town — I 
hope So & am my dear Sir yours „ ^ 

(Col. Bouquet to Col. James Burd.) 

Philad a 10 th April 1763 
Dear Sir 

As you remember that you desired to know how to make 
Shot, I send you the following method, which you can 
easily try. 

Put a quantity of Lead into an Iron ladle, and melt it 
slowly over a gentle fire; so soon as it is perfectly liquid, 
pour it into a round wooden Box with a wooden cover 
nicely fitted to it, and let both that and the cavity of the 
box be well rubbed over with chalk; Shut the box imme- 
diately when the melted lead is in it and shake it violently, 
so that the metal within may be agitated forcibly against 
all parts of the box. Continue this agitation till the metal 
is cold and on opening the box you will find the greatest 
vol. xxxni. — 15 

226 Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 

part of it finely granulated; Let the chalk that adheres to 
the grains be rubbed off and then sifTt them to make them 
of an equal size 

Your Turner at Lancaster can make you the Box, with 
an opening wide enough to rub the inside with chalk, it 
ought to be screwed to prevent its opening before the Lead 
is cold. 

I am going tomorrow for twelve days to Maryland & 
expect to have soon after the Pleasure to see you. I beg 
my Respects to M r Shippen & the Ladies and am Dear Sir 

Your most obed' lible Serv 1 , 
IT. Bouquet. 

(Col. Bouquet to Kichard Peters.) 

Philadelphia 24 th June 1763 
My dear Sir 

The Circumstances having not permitted you to let me 
know, what acknowledgement I could make to our very 
obliging Friend Mr. Chew, any way adequate to the many 
Services he has done me: I find myself obliged to leave 
this Town -without discharging So just a debt, which gives 
me some uneasiness, as it appears ungrateful. 

I must therefore depend upon your usual kindness for 
me to settle this point at your return from Xew York, and 
inform me what will be right that I may remit it immedi- 
ately, with my Sincere thanks. 

I will give myself the Pleasure to communicate to you 
whatever remarkable Events may happen in this Depart- 
ment, during this Savage War, and shall always remain 
with the most Sincere affection 

My Dear Sir Your most obliged 

Humble Servant 
Henry Bouquet 

(Col. Bouquet to Thomas Foster.) 

Carlisle 29 th June 1763 

Being credibly informed that some People living on 

Susquehannah, have sold Ammunition to Indians since 

Correspondence of Col. Henry Bouquet. 227 

their treacherous and unprovoked Insurrection; I must 
begg 3-0U would acquaint those who thro' Ignorance may 
fall in the same Error, to what severe punishments they 
expose themselves by such Treasonable practices, That if 
the Love of Money should have tempted some to forget 
their Duty to their Kiu£ and Country, The Fear of Death 
may deter others from being guilty of so infamous a Breach 
of the Laws; you will be so kind as to send me the names 
of all those concerned in this affair, That without Loss of 
Time proper steps may be taken to bring to condign Pun- 
ishment the perpetrators of so flagitious a Crime. 
I have the Honour to be 

Sir, Your most obedient 

Humble Servant 
Henry Bouquet Collo. 
Command g His Majestys Forces 
in the Department of Fort Pitt. 

228 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 




[The compiler has also prepared a list of the immigrants from 17G5 
to 1800, which may be consulted in the Manuscript Department of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania.] 

Moravian immigration to the British Colonies of North 
America 1 dates from the year 1735, when, in March, the 
ship Tu:o Brothers, Capt. Thompson, landed at Savannah, 

Augustus G. Spangenberg, 
Anton Seyffert, 
John Toeltschig, 
Gottfried Haberecht, 
Gotthard Demuth, 

Peter Rosa, 
Michael Haberland, 
George Haberland, 
Frederic Reidel, 
George Waschke. 

On February 16, 1736, the Simonds, Capt, Frank Cor 
irish, landed at Savannah the second colony : 

Bishop David Nitschmann, 

Christian Adolph von Hermsdorf, 

Henry Rascher, 

Andrew and Anna Dober, . 

David and Rosina Zeisberger, 

David Tanneberger, 

John Tanneberger, 

David Jag, 

Augustine Neisser, 

George Neisser, 

John Michael Meyer, 

Rosina Haberecht, 

John Martin Mack, 

Matthias Seybold, 

Jacob Frank, 

Judith Toeltschig, 

Gottlieb and Regina Demuth, 

Catherine Riedel, 

Anna Wasehke, 

Juliana Jaeschke, 

John Boehner, 

Matthias Boehuisch. 

1 The first Moravian to come to America was George Boehnisch, in 
September of 1734, who accompanied the Schwenkfelder* to Pennsyl- 
vania. See ErV'iuterung fiir Htrrn O.'-ipar Seh»:enkfehl, for a narrative 
of the voyage. 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 229 

They had as fellow-passengers General Oglethorpe, 
Charles and John Wesley, Benjamin Ingham, and Charles 
Delamotte. The Moravians, who had been granted by the 
Georgia Trustees, in 1734, a tract of 50 acres near Savan- 
nah, and in 1735, two lots "in the new town," began to 
clear the land and erect dwellings. The prospects of these 
small colonies, however, received a sudden check in 1737, 
for when the Spaniards of Florida endeavored to expel the 
English from Georgia, the latter called upon the Moravians 
to join in taking up arms against them. This they refused, 
having declared in London, "that they neither could nor 
would bear arms on any consideration," and eventually 
those who had not returned to Europe were transferred to 
Pennsylvania, and the mission abandoned. The Georgia 
estates were not sold until 1801. 

On July 21, 1740, Christian Henry Rauch arrived at 
New York, and October 26, 1741, 

Gottlob Buettner, John C. Pyrlaeus, 

J. William Zander. 

December 2, of the latter year, Count Zinzendorf and 
suite landed at Xew York, and on the 10th inst. arrived in 
Philadelphia, where a house on the east side of Second 
Street above Race had been rented for him. With him 

Bcnigna von Zinzendorf. his daughter, 

Rosina Nitschmann, wife of Bishop David Nitschmann, 

John Jacob Mueller, 

Abraham and Judith Meinung, 

David Bruce, 

John Henry Miller. 

Following closely after the first purchases of land by the 
Church, in the present Northampton County, Pennsylvania. 
in the year 1741, two colonies were organized in Europe, 
which are known as the " First" and " Second Sea Congre- 
gations," followed by four at later dates, the most conspicu- 
ous in that interesting period in the history of Moravian 

230 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

immigration, which falls in the interval between 1742 and 
1765. Individuals and small companies occasionally ar- 
rived on vessels from England, and from Holland, through 
which country the Rhineland sent her Palatinates for trans- 
portation to the New World. "When, however, the Church 
organized colonies, she invariably provided vessels of her 
own, from considerations of economy and out of regard for 
their comfort, but more particularly from a reluctance to 
expose her members, for whose spiritual welfare she was 
concerned, to the hurtful influences of promiscuous associa- 
tion during: the tedious weeks and months of a sea vovage. 

There were four vessels, the Catherine, Little Strength, 
Irene, and Hope, owned by the Church and afloat at different 
dates, and their crews, with but few exceptions, were mem- 
bers of or connected with the Church. In build they were 
snows, the largest of all two-masted vessels engaged in 
commerce. The ensign of the Little Strength, Irene, and 
Hope was a lamb passant with a flag, in a blood-colored 
field, and notwithstanding the peaceable character of these 
vessels, they carried an armament of from two to four can- 
non and small arms. 

The Catherine was purchased in London in the spring of 
1742, and on her the " First Sea Congregation " arrived at 
Philadelphia, July 7. The following day the German colo- 
nists were landed and taken to the Court House, at Second 
and Market Streets, where they took the usual qualification. 
The following is a list of the colonists : 

Henry and Rosina Aimers, Samuel and Martha Powell, 
David and Ann Catherine Bischoff, Joseph and Martha Powell, 
Peter and Elizabeth Boehler, Owen and Elizabeth Rice, 
John Brandmiller, Joachim and Anna Catherine Sen- 
John and Mary Barbara Brucker, seman, 

Paul Daniel and Pegina Bryzelius, Michael and Ann Posina Tanne- 

George and Elizabeth Harten, berger, 

Robert and Martha Hussey, John and Elizabeth Turner, 

Adolph Meyer, David and Mary Elizabeth Wah- 

Michael and Anna Johauna Miksch, nert, 

Thomas and Ann Yarrell. 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 231 

Single Men. 

Andrew, a negro, William Okely, 

John George Endter, Christian F. Post, 

Hector Gainbold, Gottlieb Pezold, 

John C. Heydecker, John E. Ronner, 

John Michael Huber, George Schneider, 

George Ka^ke, Leonard Schnell, 

Jacob Lischy, Nathaniel Seidel, 

John Philip Men re r, Joseph Shaw, 

Joseph Moeller, George Weisner, 

John Okely, Christian Werner, 
Matthew Wittke. 

A number of the English colonists were first settled at 
Bethlehem, and then at Nazareth, whence they were trans- 
ferred to Philadelphia, where they formed the nucleus of 
the Moravian c on ore oration in that citv. 

After the colonists had been disembarked and the cargo 
discharged, the vessel and her stores were sold, under in- 
structions from England. 

Boring the month of September, the following colonists 
arrived on a vessel not owned by the Church : 

Daniel and Hannah N eubert, with an adopted child, 

Jacob and Anna Margaret Kohn, 

Christopher and Christina Franke, 

Martin and Anna Liebisch, 

Anna Liebisch, 

Maria Brandner, 

Michael Schnall. 

Maria Dorothea Meyer, wife of Adolph Meyer, died oil 
the Banks of Newfoundland, and was buried at sea. 

For the transportation of the colony organized in Ger- 
many for peopling the settlements on the Nazareth tract, 
and known as the " Second Sea Congregation," the IJttU 
Strength was purchased in England, and Capt. Nicholas 
Garrison appointed her Master. Late in August of 1713, 
she was dispatched to Rotterdam, where the colonists wore 

232 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

taken on board, and on September 17 sailed for New York, 
where she arrived after a passage of eighty-seven days. 
The names of the colonists were : 

Gottlieb and Johanna C. Anders, 
John Henry and Rosina Biefel, 
Martin and Margaret Boehmer, 
John David and Gertrude Boehringer. 
George and Anna Mary Christ, 
Thomas and Agnes Fischer, 
John 0. and Anna Margaret Fritsehe, 
Peter and Anna Barbara Goetje, 
John Godfrey and Anna Mary Grabs, 
Matthew and Elizabeth Hancke, 
Abraham and Anna Mary Hessler, 
John Tobias and Mary Hirte, 
John C. and Mary M. Hoepfner, 
John and Anna M. Jorde, 
Matthew and Christiana B. Krause, 
Andrew and Rosina Kremser, 
George and Anna Mary Kremser, 
Daniel and Anna Mary Kunkler, 
John and Barbara Michler, 
John Henry and Rosina Moeller. 
John and Mary Philippina Mozer, 
John Michael and Catherine Muecke, 
Jonas and Mai-garet Nilsen, 
George and Susan Ohneberg, 
John G. and Susan L. Partseh. 
David and Elizabeth Reiehard, 
Matthew and Magdalen Reutz, 
John and Anna C. Sehaaf, 
John and Divert Mary Schaub, 
Andrew and Hedwig Regina Schober, 
Matthew and Anna M. Sehiopp, 
John C. and M. Dorothea Weinert. 
Matthias and Margaret C. Weiss. 

The following are the names of the colonists fitted out at 
Herrnhut : 

Andrew and Anna F. Brocksch, 
Christopher and Anna Mary Deniuth, 
John G., Sen r , and Regina Hantsch, 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 2?>3 

Christopher and Elizabeth Hencke, 
John Henry and Barbara E. Hertzer, 
John and Rosina Mnenster. 
George and Johanna E. Nieke, 
Christian and Anna D. Schutze, 
George and Anna D. Zeisberger. 

Single Men. 

John Jacob Doehling, Conrad Harding, 

John G. Hantsch, Jr., Christian F. Oerter, 

John G. Nixdorf. 

Single Woman. 
Anna Regina Hantseh. 

Names of the colonists fitted out in England : 

Elizabeth Banister, widow, John and Sarah Leighton, 

David and Mary Digeon, Andrew and Jane Ostrum, 

James and Elizabeth Greening, Jasper and Elizabeth Payne, 

Richard and Sarah Utley. 

With Bishop David Xitschmann, David Wahnert (cook of 
the Catherine) and wife, George and Elizabeth Harteu, 
George Weber and wife, and Samuel and Mary (Indian 
converts), as passengers, the Little Strength, on March 24, 
1744, sailed from Xew York for Amsterdam— a port she 
Was never destined to reach. On the morning of May 1, 
when in the chops of the English Channel, she was captured 
by a privateer, a prize crew put on board, the passengers 
robbed, and six days later they were landed at St. Sebas- 
tian. The Little Strength proved a total loss to the Church. 
Four years elapsed before the Church again had a vessel of 
her own afloat. 

The demand from Pennsylvania for more colonists becom- 
ing urgent, Captain Garrison, who had returned from cap- 
tivity at St. Sebastian, was dispatched to New York to 
superintend the building of a transport vessel. On Oct. 2- r >, 

234 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

Bishop A. G. Spangenberg and wife, 
Capt. Nicholas Garrison, 
Abraham and Sarah Reincke, 
Andrew and Dorothea Horn, 
Christian Froelich, 
George Neisser, 

on the ship Jacob, arrived at New York. The day follow- 
ing his arrival, Capt. Garrison called on Timothy Horsfield, 
with reference to building the projected vessel, and also on 
Thomas Noble, who was to act as financial agent. Finally 
they decided that a " snow " should be built, and contracted 
with Jan Van Deventer, a reputable ship-builder of Staten 
Island, to build the hull, make and set the masts and rig the 
vessel. The rigging, cables, and anchors were to be pur- 
chased in England, these articles being cheaper there than 
in the colonies. The building of the vessel progressed 
slowly, and it was not until the spring of 1748 that she was 
ready for launching. Accordingly on Tuesday, May 29, at 
eleven o'clock a.m., in the presence of about one thousand 
spectators, the Irene, as she was christened, was successfully 
launched, after which a lunch was served to the workmen. 
In honor of the event, Bishop Spangenberg presented the 
builder's wife with a new gown. Three days later, the new 
transport was docked at Old Slip, Captain Garrison put in 
command, and she was registered in the name of Henry 
Antes. Securing a cargo and a few passengers (not Mora- 
vians), on September 8, the Irene cleared from Xew York on 
her maiden voyage for Amsterdam. \Vhile the Irene was 
being built, several small companies of Moravians arrived 
at Philadelphia and iSew York. In September of 1745, the 
following persons landed at Philadelphia : 

William P. and Hannah Knolton, 
Eve Mary Meyer (a widow), 
Jarvis "Roebuck. 

On December 28, 1746, the snow John Galley, Captain 
Crosswaite, arrived oil Lewes, Delaware, and navigation 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 235 

being closed, her passengers were landed and continued 
their journey by land to Bethlehem, via Philadelphia. 

Bishop J. C. F. Cammerhoff and wife, 
Esther, wife of Christian Froelich, 
Matthias Gottlieb Gottschalk. 
Vitus and Mary Handrup, 
Judith Hiekel. a widow, 
Sven and Anna Margaret Eoseen, 
John and Johanna Wade, 
John Eric Westernian. 

Iii June of 1748, there arrived at New York, 

J. G. Bitterlich, 
Andrew Broksch, 
John G. Geitner, 
Bernhard Adam Grube, 
Joseph Hobsch, 
Gottfried Hoffman, 
Matthew Kunz, 

Paul Paulson, 
Christian Pfeiffer, 
Godfrey Eoemelt, 
Jeremiah Schaaf, 
Christian Schmidt, 
Paul Schneider, 
John Seynert, 

Samuel Wutke. 

In September there also arrived at the same port : 

Baron John and the Countess Benigna von Watteville, 
Anna Rosina Anders, Catherine B. Keller, 


Elizabeth Lisberger, 

Elizabeth Palmer. 

During the nine years the Irene was in the service of the 
Church, she crossed the Atlantic twenty-four times, sailing 
between New York and ports in England and Holland, and 
made one voyage to Greenland. She was always rated a 
staunch vessel and an excellent sailer, and at the time of 
her capture and loss had never met with any serious mishap. 
The large number of colonists she brought over from Europe 
for settling the estates of the Church in Pennsylvania, and 
the fact of her never entering or clearing: from the port of 
Philadelphia, caused Governor Hamilton in a personal in- 
terview with Bishop Spangenberg to ask for an explana- 

236 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

tion. " We wish we could use the port of Philadelphia,' 3 
stated the Bishop, "but since our captain is a native of New 
York, and has a large acquaintance with the merchants of 
that city, he can more readily obtain freight there than in 
Philadelphia, passengers alone not being sufficient. An- 
other serious objection is, the merchants of Philadelphia 
own their own vessels." As already stated, the Irene sailed 
from Kew York for Amsterdam September 8, 1748, and 
arrived at the Texel November 1. She cleared from Lon- 
don, March 1, 1749, and arrived at New York May 12, 
with the "John Mtschmann Colony," with whom came 
Christian David, of Ilerrnhut, Matthew and Rosina Stach, 
missionaries to Greenland, and three converts, who had 
been on a visit to Europe. 

The "John Nitschmann Colony" was the largest ever 
brought over on a Moravian transport. The following is a 
roster of the colonists : 

John and Juliana Nitschmann, 

David and Rosina Nitschmann, 

Michael and Anna Helena Haberland, 

Samuel and Rosina Krause, 

Joseph and Verona Mueller, 

Christian J. and Anna M. Sangerhauseu, 

Matthew and Rosina Stach, 

John and Anna Stoll. 

David and Mary Wahnert, 

Christian F. and Anna R. Stein man. 

Christian David, widower, 

John Schneider, widower, 

Magdalena E. Reuss, widow. 

Single Men. 

Gottlieb Berndt, clothier, Upper Silesia, 
Wenzel Bernhardt, baker, Bohemia, 
Joachim Birnbaum, tailor, Brandenburg, 
Peter Drews, ship carpenter, Glueckstadt, 
J. Philip Duerrbaum, Mittelhausen, 
Evert Eversen, joiner, Norway, 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 237 

J. Godfrey Engel, tailor, Brandenburg, 

Elias Flex, farmer, Upper Silesia, 

Henry Fritsche, tailor, Silesia, 

Paul Fritsche, carpenter, Moravia, 

J. Leonard Gattermeyer, blacksmith, Bavaria, 

George Gold, mason. Moravia, 

John P. Hohman, shoemaker, Brandenburg, 

Daniel Kliest, blacksmith, Frankfort, 

Andrew Krause, weaver, Brandenburg, 

Christopher Kuehnast, shoemaker, Prussia, 

David Kuuz, farmer, Moravia, 

Peter Mordick, farmer, Holstein, 

John B. Mueller, clothier, Wiirttemberg, 

Michael Muenster, carpenter, Moravia, 

Martin Nitschmann, cutler, Moravia, 

Carl Opitz, shoemaker, Silesia, 

George Pitschman, weaver, Upper Silesia, 

John G. Renner, farmer, Swabia, 

John C. Riehter, joiner, 

Andrew Rillman, stocking-weaver. Saxony, 

Frederick Schlegel, weaver, 

John Schmidt, furrier, Silesia, 

J. Christopher Schmidt, fringe and lace maker, Saxony, 

Mclchoir Schmidt, carpenter, Moravia, 

Melchoir Schmidt, weaver, Moravia, 

Martin Schneider, mason, Moravia, 

Carl Schultze, mason, Posen, 

Godfrey Schultze, farmer, Lower Silesia, 

John Schweisshaupt, stocking-weaver, Wiirttemberg, 

Andrew Seiffert, carpenter, Bohemia, 

Thomas Stach, book binder, Moravia, 

Rudolph Straehle, mason, Wurtemberg, 

David Tanneberger, joiner, Upper Silesia, 

John Nicholas Weinland, farmer. 

John, Matthew, Judith. 

Single Women. 

Rosina Arndt, Anna Rosina Beyer, 

Rosiua Barbara Arnold, Maria Beyer, 

Margaret Ballenhorst, Elizabeth Bieg, 

23S Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

Catherine Binder, 
Rosina Dietz, 
Maria Dominick, 
Sophia M. Dressier, 
Margaret Drews, 
Charlotte Eis, 
Maria E. Engler, 
Catherine Fichte, 
Catherine Fischer, 
Bosina Galle, 
Margaret Groeszer, 
Helena Gruendberg, 
Juliana Haberland, 
Anna M. Hammer, 
Bosina Haus, 
Margaret Heindel, 
Maria B. Hendel, 
Anna R. Kerner, 
Anna 31. Koffler, 
Anna M. Krause, 
Barbara Krause, 

Martha Maans, 
Magdalena MeyerhofY, 
Magdalena Mingo (negress), 
Anna M. Xitsebe, 
Dorothea Nuernberg, 
Helena Nusz, 
Elizabeth Oertel, 
Maria E. Opitz. 
Catharine Paulson, 
Anna Ramsburger, 
Margaret C. Reb stock, 
Anna C. Renner, 
Anna M. Roth, 
Anna M. Schmatter, 
Rosina Schilling, 
Magdalena Schwartz, 
Juliana Seidel, 
Dorothea U hi man, 
Divert Yog t, 
Susanna Weichfc, 
Catherine Wentzel. 

Loading lumber and other material for the mission in 
Greenland, the Irene sailed on her second voyage from 
Staten Island June 21, 1748, with Christian David, the 
missionary Stach and wife, and the three converts, and 
arrived at Eew Herrnhut, Greenland, on July 30. She was 
back again in New York, August 29. In the summer of 
17-19, the following single men from Yorkshire, England, 
arrived at Bethlehem, who-were to carry on the manufacture 

of woolen goods 

William Dixon, 
Joseph Haley, 

John Hirst, 
Richard Popple well, 

On October 15, 1749, the Irene sailed on her third voyage 
from New York, and arrived at London November 21, 
making the quick passage, as her log states, of " thirty days 
from land to land." She sailed from Dover, May 11, 1760, 
and arrived at Xew York on June 22, making a remarka- 
ble westward passage, with the following colonists on board: 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 


John A. Albrecht, 
Marcus Balffs. 
George Bauingarten, 
Henry Bergman, 
John A. Borhek, 
Zaeharias Eckhard, 
Just Erd, 
Walter Ernst, 
CI a us Euler, 
Henry Feldhausen, 
J. Christopher Feldhausen, 
Godfrey Foeckel, 
Samuel Foeckel, 
Andrew Freyhaube, 
Henry Friz, 
Lucas Fuss, 
Christian Giersch, 
John George Groen, 
Abraham Hasselberg, 
Balthasar Hege, 
Jacob Heydecker, 
John Henry Herbst, 
Samuel Herr, 
Jacob Herrman, 
John G. Hoffman, 
Thomas Hoffman, 
Christian II. Hoepfner, 
Eric Ingebretsen, 
Andrew Jaecke, 
John T. Kornman, 
John G. Lange, 
John S. Lauck, 
Henry Lindenmeyer, 
Christian H. Loether, 
Carl Ludwig, 

Jacob Lung, 
John G. Masner, 

Christopher Matthiesen, 
Nicholas Matthiesen, 
Christopher Merkly, 
Jacob Meyer, 
John S. Meyer, 
Philip Meyer, 
John Muensch, 
Melchior Muenster, 
John Jacob Nagle, 


John M. Odenwald, 
John Ortlieb, 
John Matthew Otto, 
Peter J. Pell, 
Hans Petersen, 
Frederick J. Pfeil, 
John M. Pitzman, 
Jacob Priessing, 
John Henry Kichling, 
John Richter, 
Godfrey Eoesler, 
Daniel Euenger, 
Michael Sauter, 
Paul Jansen Sherbeck, 
Henry Schoen, 
George Schweiger, 
Christian Schwartz, 
Gottfried Schwartz, 
Abraham Strauss, 
John D. Sydrich, 


John A. Wagenseil, 
Andrew Weber. 

From Zeyst. 

Christopher Feldhausen, London (a negro), 

Henry Gerstberger, John Henry Merck, 

Andrew Gross, Martin Presser, 

John C. Haensel, Paul C. Stauber, 

Paul Hennig, John Thomas, 

Frederick E. Herrman, Francis Steup, 

Susan M. Herrman, Sophia Steup. 


Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

The Irene left her dock in New York, 28 August, 1750, 
on her fourth voyage, aud during a severe storm lost both 
topmasts and narrowly escaped from foundering. On her 
return voyage, she sailed from Dover, and arrived at New- 
York, 26 September, 1731, with the following passengers : 

Joachim and Elizabeth Busse. John Jacob Schniick, 

John Christian Christiansen, David Zeisberger. 

John Michael and Gertrude Graff. 

On her fifth voyage, the Irene sailed from New York, 22 
November, 1751, and was again in port (last from Dover), 
17 May, 1751, bringing as passengers : 

Rev. Francis and Ann Catherine Boehler, 
Rev. Andrew Anton and Anna Maria Lawatsch, 
Rev. Jacob Rogers (widower), 
Jacob Wahnert (do), 

Rosina Pfohl (widow), 
Margaret Wernhamer (single). 

About a month after the sailing of the Irene on her fifth 
voyage, there arrived unexpectedly at New York, Bishop 
A. Gr. Spangenberg with 

Rev. Philip C. Bader, 

Rev. Nicholas H. Eberhardt, 

Rev. Matthew and Anna M. Hehl, 

Matthew Kreinser, 

Carl Godfrey Rundt, 

Henrietta Peterman. 

The Irene sailed from New York on her sixth voyage, 
July 6, 1752, and from London on her return, reaching her 
dock November 20, having on board a number of single 
women and others : 

Anna Maria Beyer, 
Maria C. Dietz, 
Margaret Ebermeyer, 
Dorothea Gaupp, 
Catherine Gerhardt, 
Inger Hyde, 

Margaret C. Klingelstein, 

Anna Mann, 

Agnea Meyer, 

Johanna D. Miller (wife of 

Henry Miller, the printer, 

of Philada.), 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 241 

Christina Morhardt, 
Kegina Neuman, 
Linet Redderberg. 
Catherine Ruch, 
Felicitas Schuster, 
Margaret Seidner, 

Anna Sperbach, 
John Toeltschig, 
Juliana Wr.rkler, 

Schultz (widow). 

David Wahnert. 

On April 5, 1753, the Irene sailed from Xew York, on 
her seventh voyage, and from London on her return, June 
13, and was docked September 9. Her passengers were : 

Eev. Peter and Elizabeth Boehler, 
Rev. Jacob and Elizabeth Till, 

Susan Till, 

Rebecca Till, 
George Stephen and Susan Watson, 
Ludolph Gottlieb Backhof, student, Luneberg, 
Christopher Henry Baehrmeyer, writer, Brandenberg, 
Frederick Beyer, carpenter, Silesia, 
Ludwig Christian Daehne, tailor, Weringerode, 
Jacob Eyerie, blacksmith, YViirttemberg, 
George Christian Fabricius, student, Denmark, 
Jacob Fries, student, Denmark, 
George Wenzeslaus Golkowsky, surveyor, Silesia, 
Joseph Haberland, mason, Moravia, 
Jacob Herr, mason, YViirttemberg, 
Samuel Hunt, clothmaker, Yorkshire. England, 
Jacob Jurgensen, purse-maker, Denmark, 
Hans Martin Kalberlahn, surgeon, Dronthheim, 
Henry Kratise, butcher, Silesia, 
Otto Christian Krogstmip, student, Denmark, 
Joseph Lemmert, tanner, Brisgau, 
Jacob Rogers, Yorkshire, England, 
Albrecht L. Rusmeyer, student, Luneberg, 
George Soelle, student, Denmark, 
Christian Frederick Toellner, tailor, Pomerania, 
Christian "Wedsted, carpenter, Denmark, 
Peter "Weicht, farmer, Silesia, 
Peter Worbass, carpenter. Denmark, 
Curtius Frederick Ziegler, student, Pomerania. 

It is worthy of mention, that the first steam engine 
operated in the colonies was brought over on this voyage, 
vol. xxxiii. — 16 

242 Moravian Immigration io Pennsylvania. 

and taken to the copper mine near the present town of 
Belleville, New Jersey. 

On November 3, 1753, the Irene sailed from Xew York 
on her eighth voyage, and from Gravesend, March 15, 1754, 
reaching her clock April 15, the quickest western voyage 
she ever made, "being but three Sundays at sea." The 
following is a list of her passengers: 

Bishop Augustus G. Spangenberg, 
Rev. Francis Christian Lembke, 
David Nitschmann, Sen r ., 
Andrew Schoute, 
C. T. and Anna Maria Benzien, 

Anna Benigna Benzien, 

Christel Benzien, 
Rev. Paul D. and Regina Dorothea Bryzelius, 

Hannah Bryzelius, 

Mary Bryzelius, 

Renatus Bryzelius, 
Rev. John and Joanetta Maria Ettwein, 

Christel Ettwein, 
Nicholas and Mary Ann Garrison, 

Benjamin Garrison, 

Nicholas Garrison, Jr., 
J. Valentine aud Catherine Haidt, 
David and Regina Heckewelder, 

Christian Heckewelder, 

David Heckewelder, 

John Heckewelder, 

Mary Heckewelder, 
David Schmidt, 
David and Rosina "Wahnert. 

Single Men. 

William Angel, 
Peter Brink, 
William Edmonds, 
Charles Frederick, 

Andrew Hoeger, 
Christian Jaeobsen, 



William Okelv 


Mary Evans, 

'ingle Worne*. 



Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania, 243 

On her ninth voyage, the Irene sailed from New York, 
29 May, 1754; and from London, September 22, arriving 
at her port November 16, having on board a colony of single 
men in charge of Gottlieb Pezold. 

Nicholas Anspach, farmer, Palatinate, 

Matthew Backer, shoemaker, Salzburg, 

LoreDz Bagge, carpenter, Holsteiu, 

Joseph Bulitschek, carpenter, Bohemia, 

Jens Colkier, carpenter, Jutland, 

Melchior Coumad, carpenter, Moravia, 

Adam Cramer, tailor, 

Detlof Delft, shoemaker, Holstein, 

Franz Christopher Diemer, baker, 

Carl J. Dreyspring, tailor, Wiirtteinberg, 

Gottfried Dust, potter, Silesia, 

Jacob Ernst, baker, Switzerland, 

Casper Fischer, miller, Hildburghausen, 

August Henry Francke, Wetteravia, 

Christian Freible, 

Hans Nicholas Funk, farmer, Lobenstein, 

Joseph Giers, miller, Moravia, 

Matthias Gimmile, tailor, 

John Henry Grimewald, farmer, Mecklenburg, 

John Adam Hassfeldt, saddler, Ebersfeld, 

Joseph Huepsch, shepherd, Moravia, 

John Jag, Moravia, 

Samuel John (Malay), Ceylon, 

John Klein, saddler, Darmstadt, 

Christopher Kloetz, shoemaker, 

David Kunz, carpenter, Moravia, 

John Henry Lenzner, book binder, Beyreuth, 

Michael Linstroem, linenweaver, 

Henry George Meisser, shoemaker, 

John Matthew Miksch, gardener, Saxony, 

Lorenz Nielsen, carpenter, Holstein, 

Carl Ollendorf, tailor, Brandenburg, 

Hans Petersen, 

Philip Henry Ring, baker, Alsace, 

Martin Eohleder, farmer, Moravia, 

Samuel Saxon, clothier, England, 

Martin Schenk, mason, Moravia, 

George Schindler, carpenter, Moravia, 

244 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

Peter Sproh, mason, Courland, 

John George Stark, stocking-weaver, 

Anton Steiiner, mason, Prussia, 

Christian Steimer, shoemaker, Prussia, 

John Stettner, tailor, Anspach, 

Edward Thorp, shoemaker, England, 

Carl Weinecke, shoemaker, 

Joseph Willy, clothier, England, 

Jens Wittenberg, skinner, Norway, 

John Wuertele, shoemaker, Wurttemberg, 

Henry Zillman, tailor, Brandenburg, 

Christian Frederick Post (Indian missionary). 

In charge of Nicholas Garrison, Jr., as Master, the Irene 
sailed from New York February 4, 1755, and arrived from 
London, August 11, her tenth voyage, but brought over no 

The Irene, Christian Jacobsen, Master, sailed for Eng- 
land, on her eleventh voyage, September 28, 1755, and was 
back in port again June 2, 1756, having brought over the 
folio wins: single men : 

John B. Boninghausen, 
Joachim Busse, 
James Hall, 
Casper G. Hellerman, 
Elert Koortsen, 
George E. Mentzinger, 
John Mueller. 

Henry Ollringshaw, 
John M. Rippel, 
John Roth, 
Michael Ruch, 
William Schmaling, 
George SenerT, 
Hans Jacob Schmidt. 

The twelfth voyage of the Irene was made to London, 
July 1, 1756, and on December 12, she landed the follow- 
ing passengers at New York : 

Christian Bohle, 
Adolph Eckesparre, 

Peter Boehler, 
William Boehler, 

Philip Christian Reiter. 

The thirteenth voyage of the Irene, to London, in March of 
1757, is devoid of interest, and no colonists were brought over. 

On November 20, 1757, the Irene sailed from New York 
on her fourteenth and last voyage. When ten days out 9he 
was captured by a French privateer, and proved a total loss 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 245 

to tbe Church. The news of her capture and wreck did not 
reach Bethlehem until May 19, 1758. Andrew Schoute, 
for five years one of her mates, who was returning to Europe 
in impaired health, prepared an account of his experiences, 
from which the following extracts are taken : 

" On the 20th of November we cleared Sandy Hook. At 
noon on the 29th, we sighted a vessel to the north bearing 
down on us and soon after hoisting the English flag. Mis- 
trusting the stranger, we showed no colors, but crowded on 
all sail in the hope of effecting our escape, whereupon the 
stranger ran up the French flag. It was now a trial of 
speed, in the course of which the Irene gave proof of her 
excellent sailing qualities; but at eleven o'clock at night 
our storm sails parted. The privateer now gained rapidly 
on us, and as she did so fired shot after shot. It being 
bright moonlight and no further hope of escape in our dis- 
abled condition, we backed our sails, and at midnight our 
ill-fated vessel was boarded— Lat. 36°, Long. 62°. Capt. 
Jacobsen and two of his crew were immediately transferred 
on board the privateer, which proved to be the Margaret 
from Louisburg, and the Irene given in charge of a prize 
crew who were ordered to take us into Louisburg. At day- 
break we were ordered on deck, and stripped and plun- 
dered of all we had on our persons. The weather grew foul, 
and we found the prize crew inexperienced in seamanship, 
and occasionally they would call upon us to assist in navi- 
gating the vessel. . . . On the morning of January 12. 
175S, the fog raising, we discovered an island close by the 
vessel, whereupon we put out to sea. In the afternoon the 
Frenchmen decided to make for the land again, when I 
went to the captain and pilot, and tried to dissuade them 
from so unseamanlike a course in foggy weather, and told 
them that they would certainly lose the vessel. As they 
would not listen to my protest, I prepared for the worst. 
At 2 p. m. breakers were reported ; very soon we were 
among them, and struck a rock. The Frenchmen became 
so demoralized that I ordered the boat launched, into which 

246 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

we all got (twenty-two in number) and reached the shore in 
safety. On landing the French captain fell upon my neck, 
kissed and thanked me for saving the lives of all. We then 
entered the woods, made a fire, and on returning to the 
boat for provisions, found that it had drifted out to sea. 
The next morning the masts of the Irene only were seen 
above water. . . . On February 5, we reached Louis- 
burg, and were taken before the Governor, who committed 
us to the common prison. At this time there were eight 
large men-of-war, four frigates, and transports laden with 
men and munitions of war, collected in the harbor, for the 
protection of the city against a demonstration it was known 
the English designed to make. On the 1st of June General 
Amherst's expedition hove in sight. . . . 

"All the English prisoners in the city were ordered on 
board the men-of-war and confined below decks under 
guard. One week later the English effected a landing and 
four days thereafter succeeded in dislodging the French 
from their outworks. Cannonading was opened on the 
14th simultaneously between five French vessels and the 
Island battery, and an English man-of-war and the Light- 
house battery. The French vessels were compelled to fall 
back on the 16th under cover of the fort. The ship on board 
of which I was, being in range, was riddled by three hundred 
shot. One night when I was asleep behind a barrel of flour 
in the hold, a ball came crashing through the hull and 
buried itself in the barrel ! On the 16th the English opened 
a general cannonade against the city, which was sustained 
with unremitting fury for two days. Then they opened 
their mortars upon the fleet, pouring into the vessels a fiery 
hail, which soon wrapped three of them in flames. Com- 
pelled to abandon our burning ship (a 64) all hands took to 
the boats, but it was a desperate alternative, as the way of 
escape to the shore was commanded by the English bat- 
teries. On landing, we prisoners were immediately put in 
confinement. Thus another week passed, when on the 26th 
July, the cannonading ceased and news waa brought to us 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 247 

that the garrison had capitulated. The next day we were 

The Hope, the fourth and last of the transport vessels of 
the Church, was built iu 1760, at New Haven, Connecticut, 
"was 120 tons burthen, mounting four cannon, and navigated 
by thirteen seamen." She was registered at the New York 
Custom House, and prohibited from taking out of the Pro- 
vince " any servant, debtor, or any person without a pass- 

Securing a cargo for South Carolina, the Hope left her 
dock on her first voyage, Saturday, January 17, 1761, the 
day on which George III was proclaimed king in the Pro- 
vince. Arriving at her destination, she sailed for England, 
February 20, under convoy. Again under convoy, she ar- 
rived at New York, October 19, having on board the fol- 
lowing passengers : 

Nathaniel and Anna Johanna Seidel, 
Frederick and Hedvrig Elizabeth von Marshall, 
Paul and Anna Muenster. 

Single Men. 

John Arbo, warden, 

John Angerman, tailor, 

John Valentine Beck, gun stock maker, 

John Brandmiller, baker, 

Christian Christiansen, shoemaker, 

Peter Danielson, hatter, 

Jeremiah Dencke, Chaplain, 

Ferdinand J. Dettmers, 

Ludwig C. Grunewald, carpenter, 

Philip J. Hoeger, tailor, 

Christian Hornig, shoemaker, 

Dominicus Krause, nail-smith, 

Niels Lund, locksmith, 

John M. Moehring, farmer, 

Niels Moos, farmer, 

Emanuel Nitschmann, student, 

John F. Oberlin, storekeeper, 

John H. Ranch, locksmith, 

August Schloesser, saddler, 

248 Moravian Immigration to Pennsylvania. 

John M. Schmidt, lincnweaver, 
David D. Schoenberg, 
Jolin E. Schoepfel, miller, 
A. Paulus Thrane, 
Matthias Tommerup, brazier, 
Frederick Unger, 
David Zeisberger. 

Single Women. 

Theodora Anders, Elizabeth Kaunhauser, 

Maria Beitel, Mary M. Meyer, 

Elizabeth Broksch, Anna Nitschrnann, 

Dorothea Hammer, Anna Seidel, 

Esther Wapler. 

Andrew Langaard (widower), David Wahnert (widower), 
Frederick Peter " Juliana Benedicta von Gammern, 

Anna Maria Philips. 

During the ensuing two years, the Mope was engaged in 
the general freighting business, but on October 21, 17G3. 
she landed at New York the following passengers, who 
reached Bethlehem November 4 : 

John Frommelt, Dorothea Lefler, 

Paul Tiersch, Frederica Pietscher, 

Justina Erd, Elizabeth Seidlitz, 

Susan von Gersdorf, A. Salome Steinmanii, 

M. Barbara Horn, Maria W. Werwing. 

The first fire engine for Bethlehem, purchased in London. 
was brought over on this voyage, and is still preserved in 
that town. With the arrival of the Hope at New York, April 
11, 1765, with the Rev. Frederick Smith and wile as passen- 
gers, her career as a transport vessel of the Church ends. 

At a meeting held in Bethlehem, June 6, 1762, in which 
Bishop A. G. Spangenberg, who for almost twenty years 
was at the head of the American branch of the Moravian 
Church, announced his departure for Europe, he took oc vi- 
sion to review the Moravian immigration of the past twenty- 
six years, and stated that of the six hundred and n 
and women, but one died — a remarkable instance of Divine 

Notes and Queries. 249 



Allummapees, ok Sassoonan, a Delaware King, whose name 
appears frequently in Colonial records, as early as 1718, headed the 
deputation of Indian chieftains at Philadelphia who signed an absolute 
release to the Proprietaries for the lands situate between the Delaware 
and Susquehanna Rivers, and from Duck Creek to the mountains south 
side of the Lehigh, which land had been granted by their ancestors to 
William Penn. In 1728 he removed from the Delaware to Shamokin 
(Sunbury, Northumberland County, occupies the site of the Indian 
town). Conrad Weisser writes in 1747: "The Delaware Indians last 
year [1746] intended to visit Philadelphia, but were prevented by 
Allumapees' sickness, who is still alive, but not able to stir. * * • 
Allumapees has no successor of his relations, and he will not hear of 
none as long as he is alive, and none of the Indians care to meddle in 
the affair. Shikelimy advises that the Government should name Allum- 
mapees' successor and set him up by their authority, that at this critical 
time there might be a man to apply to, since Allummapees has lost his 
senses, and is uncapable of doing anything." 

While David Brainerd was on a visit to Shamokin in September of 
1745, he wrote : "Visited the Delaware King, who was supposed to be 
at the point of death when I was here in May last." " Allummapees i> 
dead," writes Weisser to Richard Peters in October of 1747. " La 
piton is allowed to be the fittest to succeed him, but he decline.-. He is 
afraid he will be envied, and consequently bewitched by some of the 
Indians. Allummapees would have resigned his crown, but as he had 
the keeping of the public treasure (that is to say the Council Bagg), con- 
sisting of belts of Wampum, for which he buys Liquor, and has been 
drunk for this 2 or 3 years almost constantly, it is thought he would not 
die, so long. as there was one single wampum left in the bagg. Lapap- 
, piton is an honest, true-hearted man, and has very good natural sense ; 
he is also a sober man, between 40 or 50 years of age, and well esteemed 
among his country people and others. " 

Petition of Citizens of Wilmington, Delaware, yon Improved 
Road to Philadelphia. — 

To the Honourable the Governor & Council of thk Prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania and Counties of New Castle, Kent and 
Sussex on Delaware. 

Vie Petition of sundry Inhabitant? of the Borouyh of Wilmington and 
the County of New Ct-stle. 
Respectfully Sheweth : 

That the Publick Highway from the City of Philadelphia to Cheater, 
now in use, leads over no less than fifteen steep and stony Hills 

250 Notes and Queries. 

difficult Ascent, and is also crooked and far about, which renders it very 
inconvenient to Travellers, but more especially to those who travel with 
Carriages of all sorts. 

That a more straight and Convenient Road, on level Ground, and easy 
to be maintained may be opened from the Road leading into the Streets 
of the ?aid City, through the Townships of Moyamensing and Pasaionk 
on the North, and Kingsess, Tinicum and Ridley on the South Side of 
the River Schuylkill into the present Road, leading from Philadelphia 
to Chester near Crum Creek, by which the many rough Ways and steep 
Hills which render Travelling tedious, disagreeable and dangerous, as 
well as very difficult with Carriages of Burthen, may be avoided and a 
considerable length of Way saved in Distance between Philadelphia and 

That your Petitioners having frequent Occasions to travel from their 
respective Dwellings to the said City in their constant Intercourse of 
Trade and Dealings with the Merchants there — find the Road at present 
in use very incommodious and in some Seasons Dangerous, request that 
the Governor and Council will be pleased to make such Orders a3 to 
them shall seem meet for the Viewing, laying out and Opening the said 
Road in such manner as shall most effectually conduce to the Public 
Benefit and Relief of your Petitioners. — 

John Baird, David Nielson, 

John Yarnall, John Way, 

Simon Johnson, Samuel Barker, 

Ziba Ferris, W m Shipley, 

Jo s West, John Perrv, 

Jas. M c Collem, William Marshall, 

George Landis, Joseph Shallcross, 

Vincent Gilpin, Nicholas Robinson, 

Griffith Minshall, William Hemphill, 

Richard Dickinson, Joseph Tatnall, 

John Andrews, Josh. Littler, 

Joseph Coleman, Thomas Beeson, 

W m Woodcock, Tho s G rifting, 

W m Ashburnham, John Bishop, 

Thomas Duff, Jno. M c Kinly, 

Job Harvey, James Lea, 

Gab 1 Springer. * Jno. Lea, 

Jno. Armstrong Jun r , Benj Canby, 

Daniel Byrnes, Joshua North, 

Jon* Rum ford Jun r , James Robinson, 

Caleb Perkins, David Ferris, 

Jonathan Rumford, Vincent Bonsall. 

Second and Market Streets Friends' Meeting House, or, as it 
is"frequently designated in bills, "Ye Great Meeting House." — 

*" The Friends appointed to build the New Meeting House, laid the Ac- 
counts of that building, as far as they have settled them, before this Meet- 
ing, and Samuel Sansom, Israel Pemberton, Thomas CI i fiord. William 
Lightfoot, Joseph Morris, Owen Jones, & John Pemberton are desired to 
Examine them, & consider of some Method to pay the BaUanoe and 
report to next Meeting.'" A few of the names of those who assisted in 
the erection of the Meeting House have been selected from the report <^: 

Notes and Queries. 251 

this Committee. William Rakestraw was one of those who charged 
£6. 12 . 6. for " pulling down old Meeting House." Jonathan Zane 
was one of the principal carpenters, one bill footing £92. 13. 11. 
Lumher of various kinds was supplied by Joshua Humphreys, Joseph 
Watlcins, William Dilworth, David Roe, and others ; bricks by Joseph 
Lownes, Isaac Roberts, John Coats, Jr.; hardware, John Cresson. 
Joshua Howell, Isaac Greenleafe. Hugh Roberts. Reuben Haines sup- 
plied 18 barrels of Beer, and Sarah Cromer's bill for Rum and ttecr 
amounted to £10. John Crosby supplied a stove ; Isaac Greenk-af.-. 
a globe lamp; the chief measurer was Isaac Roberts; and William 
Topham did part of the painting. Laborers were paid 5 sh. per day ; a 
number of members loaned their servant men, and every person who 
did any work on the meeting house made a donation, which was de- 
ducted from their bills. 

Letter of David James Dove to Thomas Wharton. — 

Germantown April 25 1763 

Your payrn* of the Bill for Mr. Charley Miffiin will greatly add to 
the manv Favours alreadv confer' d on 

Your Most oblic'd humble S l 
P. S. D. Jam. Dove. 

The Bearer is Billy Hugg & lives w th me. 

Diploma of the Young Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia.— 
The Trustees of the Young Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia, having 

carefully examined Miss Molly Wallace in Spelling, Reading, Writing, 
English-Grammar, Arithmetic, and Geography, Do hereby make Known, 
That she is well acquainted with those Branches of Literature; and >i f . 
a public Commencement hath been admitted to the Highest Honors of 
the Institution. Desirous therefore of perpetuating the Testimony of 
her Merit, they have, in Conformity to the Charter and Rules of the 
said Academy, caused the Seal of their Corporation to be annexed to 
this Diploma, and the same to be witnessed by the Names of the proper 
Officers. Conferred this twentieth Day of June in the Year of oui 
Lord, One Thousand, Seven Hundred and Ninty two. 

James Sproat D.D. President, 

Sam. Magaw D.D. Vice President h 

Benjamin Say F.C.P.P. Secretary 

John Poor A.M J Principal and a Trasb 
( of the Academy. 

•j SEAL [ 

Letter of George Morgan to Thomas Wharton. 

The Bearer Doctor M c Mehan is a Gentleman of considerable Ii 
& was connected with Numbers in his neighborhood in Beading Pan 
Davis to view the Ohio Lands. Some of his Relations have all 

252 Notes and Queries, 

removed to & are settled on the Banks ©f the Ohio & a number of them 
were preparing to go there the ensuing Season, but it seems that Col. 
Washington's Friends are busy in spreading the Report of his extensive 
Surveys in that Country by an order from Virginia, which has much 
discouraged Mr M ; Mehan. You will therefore much oblige hi in by 
giving him any Information on that Head which you may think your- 
self at Liberty to mention. 

It seems beyond a Doubt that Col. Washington is determined to ad- 
here to his Claims. 

I am Sir 
Yr most Ob 1 Servant 
Geo. Morgan. 

Bill for Turtle Dixxkks, 1764. — 
Thomas Wharton 

To Elizabeth Gray Dr. 
To Expenses at Two Tortle Dinners . 28 . 6 

Reed for my mother Nov. 27, 1764. 

W" Gray. 

Apprai-mext of a Negro Slave, 1752. — 

We whose Names are underwritten at y e Request of William Shute & 
Rebecca Steel have Yallued and Appraised a certain Negro Man Ben 
formerly belonging to ye s d Shute but now to s d Steel and are of opinion 
that the s 1 Negro is worth fifty pounds Current money of Pensylvania. 
Witness our hand this 23th July 1752. Stand" fforde 

S. Jones 
Cha 3 Stow Jd r 
Samuel Chcesman. 
Endorsed on the back is the following : "Note — these Bill Sale were 
only Intended to keep the Negroes out of other persons hands, & the 
Money Paid by Reb a Steel tho she did not get the Negroes — so the sums 
are charged." 

Indian War Bills of 1756. — 

The Province of Pennsylvania 
Dr. to georg Ernst Bucker for Backing 24 ovenfulls'of Bread for the 
soulders in Capt Einsleys Companv at 3 shillings for each ovenfull is 

£3 . 12 . 
Captin Insley had John flickers House for a Garde House for his Com- 

peny for six months therefore I charge £4 = = 

the Have done one pounds of dammig 1=0 = 

Remains due to me of the above acount 6 = IS = 3 

Samuel Miles a silver Hiked Sword sent by Barny Hughes, October y* 
25th 1756 price . . . £6 : 17 = 4 

Wayne Statue at Valley Forge. — The members of the State 
Commission under whose supervision the equestrian statue of 5 
General Anthony Wayne, by H. K. Bush-Brown, was erected in Valley 
Forge Park, were Col. John P. Nicholson, Richard MeCall Cadwal 
Esq., of Philadelphia, and John Armstrong Herman, Esq., of Ham- 
burg, Penna. 

Notes and Queries. 253 

Copy of Bill for American* China. 1771. — For account of the 
factory at which white ware was made, in Southwark, Philadelphia, soe 
"Pottery and Porcelain of the United States, 1 ! by Edwin A. Barber. 

Phil a' d May the 10 L 1771. 
Mr Thomas Wharton 

Bought of Anli* 

M-Elroy. American China 

March the 19. 

One Dozen of handled C 

ups &c 

£1 . 4 . 

Two Shugar Dishes 

(Tl 6 


Two Cream Ewers 


10 . 

Two teapots 


15 . 

One Do 



Foure Bowls 

(§> 2/>> 


March the 30. 

To three pounds of tea 


4 . 1 

May the 9. 

One Shugar dish 


One pickle stand 


one fruit Basket 


13 plates 



One Sett of Quitted Cuj 

)S &c 


One pair Sauce Boats 



One Sett of plain Cups 


One small Sauce boat 


Six pint Bowls 



£ 11. 16 . 

Copy of Warrant of Ellis Jones, 1684. — 
By Commissioners Imfoavered to Grant Lotts and Lands in 
the Province of Pennsylvania Sec. 

"At the Request of Ellis Jones that we would Grant him to take up Two 
hundred and fifty Acres at Kent in the County of Chester These are in 
the Proprietary's Name to Will and .Require thee forthw'- to Surwy 
or Caused to be Survey' d unto him the said number of acres in the 
aforementioned County where not already taken up he Seating and 
Improving the same within six months from the Date of Survey and 
make returns thereof into the Secretary's Office. 
Given at Philadelphia the ll lh 9 mo 1684. 

James Clay fool e. 
For Tho. Holme Survey r Genl. Robert Turner.'" 

Bible Records of Col. William Edmonds, of Fauquier Co., 
Virginia. — The following was copied from the family Bible of Colonel 
William Edmonds of Fauquier County, Virginia, many of whose 
descendants reside in Philadelphia and vicinity. Colonel Edmonds 
served in the Revolutionary Army; and was also Captain of a Com- 
pany for Fauquier County, Virginia, in the French and Indian V at 
in 1761. He was born in 1734 and died in 1818. 

The Bible referred to was published at Oxford, England, in 17GS by 
S. Wright and W. Gill, printers to the University. EMMA B. BELT. 

"William Edmonds & Elizabeth Blackwell were married ye 17 * day ol 
March in ye year of our Lnrd 17G1 (on Saturday) by ye Revd Jaaaafl 


254 Notes and Queries, 

William Edmonds Jr. was born on Frvdav ve 10* of May in ve year 
of our Lord 1765, Ja s Bell, W m Bell, Franke Bell & Hannah Blackwell 
godfathers cV. godmothers. UOO 

Franke Edmonds was born on Fryday ye 1* day of August in ye year 
of Our Lord 1700. Saml. Blackwell, Ja" Blackwell, Anne Pickett ft 
Anne Edmonds, godfathers & godmothers. 

Sarah Edmonds was born on Sunday ye 4 th day of Oct r in ye year of 
our Lord 1767. Sarah Blackwell & ye Rev* Ja" Craig, godfather and 

Dyed 17 th Decb r 1828. 

Elias Edmonds was born on Thursday ye 10 t?: of Nov. in ye year of 
our Lord 1768, Elias Edmonds Jr. Bennitt Price, 3&Irs. Billy Edmonds 
& Judith Price, godfathers & godmothers. 

(the above died 1 st April 1S11) 

Mary Edmonds was born on Thursday ve 17 th of April in ve year of 
our Lord 1770. Col. W m Blackwell, *Jo s Fantleroy, Mrs. 'Elizabeth 
BlackweU & Judith Edmonds, godfathers & godmothers. 
(Died June 1837) 

Elizabeth Edmonds was born on Sunday ye 2 nd of June in ye year 
of our Lord 1771. Francis Attswell, Tho 3 " Keith, Judith Hubbard & 
Betty Edmonds, godfathers & godmothers. 

Dyed ye 10 th of April 1773. 

Betty Edmonds was born on Saturday ye 20 th of February in ye year 
of our Lord 1773. Hancock Lee, Joseph Blackwell, Elizabeth Hewitt, 
Susannah Yates, godfathers & godmothers. 

John Edmonds was born on Tuesday ye 6 lh of June in ye year of our 
Lord 1775. John Blackwell, son of Joseph, Geo. Pickett, Miss Betty 
Edmonds & Frankey Edmonds, godfathers & godmothers. 

Lucy Edmonds was born on Monday ye 10 lh day of May in ye year 
1777. John Barker godfather & Eliz' h , her mother, godmother. 

James Edmonds was born on Tuesday ye 16 tb of February, ye year of 
our Lord 1779. W m Ed. & Eliz th , father & mother to the above, 
father & godmother. 

Died March 1845. 

Catey Edmonds was born on Tuesday ye 20 th Feb 7 in ye year of our 
Lord 1781. W m Edmonds J r godfather, Nancy Taylor & Eli** Taylor, 

Judith Edmonds was born on Sunday ye 28 th Dec* in ye year of our 

Lord 1783. Robert Green, godfather *S: [undecipherable.] 

Susannah Eliza Green was born January 9 th 1789. , 
Robert Green was bom February 23 rJ 1790. 

The above were the two oldest grandchildren of \V m Edmonds, \. 
oldest daughter, Frankey, married her cousin, R. Green. [Note made 
by grandson Oust. R. B. Horner, Surg. U.S V. Feb* 27 1848.] 

Notes and Queries. 255 

Names of servants of A\ m Edmonds, of Fauquier Co., V;i. 

Manuel Dick Hannah 

James Anthony Myina 

Dan 1 Franke Dinah 

Harry Cati Agga 

Toney Jane Grace 

Sam Willey \\'ill ra Ben 

Ben Phillis Abram. 

Phill Fanny 

George Smith, of Evison Township, West Jersey, farmer, 

conveys to John Sanders of Philadelphia, bricklayer, April .';. 10f>4, 
a dwelling house and lot 15 x 250 feet, bound on south by Howell 
fits lot ; north by Griffith Jones land ; westward by Delaware Front 
Street, and eastward with the Delaware River ; part of a certain g 
parcel of land belonging to Griffith Jones, purchased by said G< 
Smith of William Davis, 6. 10. 1693, and granted to William Davis, by 
Griffith Jones, 3. 11. 1691, and patented by said Jones, 3. 1. 1' - 

Pension Application or Michael Fackenthal, of Bucks 
County, Penna. — The following applieation for a pension by a - - 
dier of the Revolution contains records that are worthy of pri - 

On the 26th day of October, A. D. 1832, personally appeared. 
me, William Long, one of the Associate Judges of the Couit of Cc 
Pleas for the said county of Bucks, Michael Fackenthal, Esq., a resi- 
dent of Durham township, Bucks county, Pa., and who says he 
born in the year 1756, the 23d day of May, to the best of his in I 
tion from the records of the church book in Springfield town-hip in 
said county. ; In the year 1776 he enlisted in Captain Valentine Opp's 
company in the said township of Springfield, was appointed So:.- I 
said company. It was one of the four companies from Bucks i 
that formed a regiment with four companies from Northampton 
of the Flying Camp. Joseph Hart from said county of Bucks was 
appointed first Colonel, and Peter Ivichline, from Northampton county, 
second Colonel. Colonel Kichline with the four companies from N 
ampton county were in the engagement on Long Island, A igu*t 27. 
1776, and was made prisoner with a number of his men. ( 'olonel 11.':: 
was stationed at Amboy and the company I was with. Shortly 
this Colonel Hart left the service, and we were put under the < 
of Colonel McAlister, from the county of York, Pa. On the n 
the 16th of November, 1776, we went over to Staten Island, and the 
next morning attacked the British and Hessians at a place they then 
called Cockletown (now called Richmond). We to-^k several ul the 
Hessians prisoners. About the last of October (same yeai I 
Kichline's men that remained, joined us and ( 
appointed to command us. Shoitly alter this one regiment was 
to march to the North River, and crossed said river at Fort W 
(commanded by Col. Magaw) where on the 16th of Xoveml 
Col. Baxter was killed, and most of his men taken prisonei 
their lives. Before the engagement, T was taken sick with eti i] 
and received a certificate from Doctor [Joseph] Fenton (our 5U1 . 
mv not bein? fit for dntv, t obtained a pass si ned by tl adjul 

256 Notes and Queries. 

the order of Major Kern, who was then commanding officer. I did not 

get my health restored for a considerable time after the time of my 
enlistment was expired. I got my discharge (which is lo^t) and received 
six months pay. 

"In the year 1781, I performed » tour of duty as second lieutenant 
of the militia in Capt. Christopher Wagner's company, marched from 
said township of Springfield to Trenton, New Jersey, under command of 
Colonel McKay [Mcllray]. Governor Reed was Commander in Chief, 
and General Lacey Brigadier General. We laid in camp below Trenton 
until discharged. Received my pay for two months. My commission 
for Lieutenant is lost. 

(Signed) Michael Fackekthal." 

&o;k metfecs. 

A Collection of Papers Read before the Bucks County His- 
torical Society, Vol. I. 8vo. pp. xxxviii, 585. Illustrated. 
Price $2.00. 
The Bucks County Historical Society was founded by Gen. W. W. 
II. Davis in January of 1830. but notwithstanding it has been active in 
developing the history of the county, its transactions were only given to 
the public through the medium of the local newspapers. Now, through 
the liberality of Mr. B. F. Fackenthal, Jr., the papers read have been 
collected, corrected, arranged and published in the present volume and 
liberally illustrated. Among the contributors of historical papers are 
the well-known antiquarians Gen. W. W. H. Davis, W. J. Buck, Hon. 
Henrv Chapman. Howard M. Jenkins, Charles Laubaeh. H. C. Mercer. 
Rev. D. K. Turner, Henry D. Paxson, Alfred Paschall, Capt. J. S. 
Bailey, and others. The Society has an attractive building with a library 
of 2500 volumes, a Herbarium of 20,000 specimens, and a line archar>- 
logical collection. It has also marked historical sites with appropriate 
memorials. The book is well printed and neatly bound, and can be had 
by applying to the Librarian. Doylestown, Pa. 

"I/Evolution de L'Areitrage International," tar Tuoxas 
Willing Batch. Extract i>e la •• Revue de Droit Interna- 
tional et de Legislation Comparer." Philadelphia; Allen. 
Lane and Scott, 1907, Svo. pp. 122. 
This work originally appeared during the summer of 1908 in the 
Recue de Droit International et de Lerjidation Qmparce. Published 
at Brussels, this review was started in 1869 by a trio of notable 
international jurists, Rolliu-Jacquemyns, Ass or, and Westlake, the two 
latter of whom are still active contributors to the development of the 
science started by Gentilis and Grotius; the Revue occupies a leading 
place in the literature relating to the Laws of Nations. After a dis- 
cussion of the causes of war and the possible development of a sauction 
behind international peace, this book gives an account of the gradual 
growth of International Arbitiation from an idea at the time of the 
Thirty Years' War to an actually used custom in the present century. 
The great part of the United States in this beni : to civil ii 

is shown, including the contributions of Pennsylvania. The b« 
dedicated to Emeric Cruce, a notable irenist. 





Vol. XXXIII. 1909. No. 3 


[The Muhlenberg Orderly Book of the Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection, 
of the Manuscript Department, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, is 
divided into two parts, the first, beginning at <; College Camp Va.," and 
ending at Suffolk, April 15, 177G ; and the latter at Camp Middlebrook. 
N. J., March 26, and closing at Valley Forge, December 20, 1777. 
It is this latter part, which is associated with the movements of the 
army in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, under the immediate command 
of Washington, that has been selected for publication. 

John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, a son of the eminent Lutheran 
divine Rev. H. M. Muhlenberg, was born at the Trappe, Penna.. 
October 1, 1746, and died near Philadelphia, October 1, 1307. He 
studied for the ministry in Germany and Pennsylvania, and at the out- 
break of the Revolution was in charge of a congregation at Woodstock. 
Va. His ardent patriotism and military spirit induced him to accept 
the commission of Colonel of a Virginia regiment of infantry ; he was pro- 
moted Brigadier General February 21, 1777, and mustered out of service 
a Brevet Major General, November S, 1783. He participated in the 
battles of Brandy wine, Germantown, Monmouth, Stony Point, and York- 
town. At Germantown his brigade, attached to the left wing o\ the 
army under Greene, was distinguished for its bravery, and when it 
went into winter quarters at Valley Forge was composed of the First, 
Fifth and Ninth (consolidated), Thirteenth Virginia Line, the Virginia 
State Regiment, and the German Regiment Muhlenberg after the war 
was a member of the First, Second, and Third Congresses. V. >. S 
and Supervisor of Revenue and Collector of the Port of Philadelphia.] 

vol. xxxii r. — 17 (257) 

258 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 177 7. 
G. 0. Head Quarters May 2(3 th 1777. 

Parole, Gates Countersign Stuart & Wilkinson. 

Major Evan is appointed to act as Deputy Adjutant Gen 1 
& is to be oby'd & respected as such untill his Excellency, 
the Adj* Gen ! or his Deputy arrives in camp & gives counter 

Each Brigadier or the Command 5 Officer of Brigades are 
requested at eleven O'clock in the morning to send a 
Brigade Major to Major Ryan's Quarters near the Gap at 
the Mountain ; The Deputy Adj £ Gen 1 will deliver out the 
details which are to be sent at the time & place accordingly. 
The returns order'd yesterday to be deliver'd in to the 
Adj* Gen 1 as soon as possible. The Brigade Majors are to 
deliver to morrow to the Adj r Gen 1 at 11 o'clock the names 
of the Brigad* Gen 1 the field Officers & Adjutants in the 
Brigade to which they respectively belong. If any of 
the Brig rs are without Brigade Majors they must appoint 
some person to do that duty. Such Brigades as the Brigad* 
are absent from the eldest Officer in the Brigade to o:ive 
the necessary orders in that Brigade. The Brig rs or Com- 
manding Officers of the Brigade are to appoint Brigade 
parades. The troops for guard are to be assembled on the 
Brigade parades by Adj u & by the Brigade Majors march'd 
from thence to the grand parade half past 8 o'clock. The 
Gen 1 expects all orders will be punctually obey'd. The 
good of the service & the safety of the Camp depending 
thereon. All Off" of whatever Bank are requested to 
govern themselves accordingly. A gen 1 Off r two field Offi- 
cers & one Brigade Major of the day to mount every 
morning at Guard mounting at the Grand parade. After 
the Guards are sent off the Brigade Major of the day to 
attend at Head Quarters to deliver such orders as the Occur- 
ences of the day may render necessary. Eaeli Brigade 
Major of the day to appoint an Adjutant of the day for the 
Brigade. Every Brigade to furnish two orderly Serjeants 
one to attend at h d Quarters and one at the Adj ! Genl* Tout. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 259 

Brigade Gen 1 for the day tomorrow Mughlenburg 
Y d Off" for the day Lieu* Col Iloobley & Maj« Hay 
Brigade Major Peers. 
B. 0. Adf of Reg ts to attend at Gen 1 Mughlenburg's Quar- 
ters at 12 o'clock to receive orders. Lieut. Math* Smith is 
appointed to act as Brigade Major till further orders. The 
troops to parade in the rere of y e 1 st Virg a Keg 1 . 

G. O. Camp Middlebrook May 27 th 1777 

Major Gen 1 Lincoln is requested in company with the 
Geu 1 Officer of the day, to examine the state & situation of 
the Picquet Guards to fix upon the proper ground to post 
them, & establish such others as may be necessary for the 
further security of the Camp and fix their possition by day 
and night. The Officer of every guard must send a Serj 1 
on the grand parade to pilot the new guard for the relief of 
the old one, written instructions must be given by the Gen 1 
Officer of the day to the Officer of every guard what line of 
Conduct they are to observe. The field OnV of the day are 
to see to the posting the Centries & directing the Patroles, 
which are not to be alter'd by the Officer Commanding the 
Picquest unless the enemy are advancing without first 
reporting it to the commanding Officer or field Otlicer of 
the day, with the reasons for the alterations £ obtaining 
One of their consents for the same. Officers of particular 
guards making alterations without paying attention to the 
other guards often breaks in upon the chain of communi- 
cation & is productive of great confusion and disorder. 
The Gen 1 & field Officers of the day are requested to dine 
with the General. The Centries are not to be posted single, 

especiallv in the night, but placed double. 

K Green M. G. 

G. 0. Middlebrook H. Q. May 2S lh 1777. 

The Commanding Officers of every Reg 1 must examine 
the state of the Ammunition in the respective Reg* & make 
a return to the D y Adj 1 G 1 of the numbers o( cartridges 

2G0 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool:, 1777. 

wanting to complete every man with twenty four rounds. 
The D v Adj' Gen 1 will give an order for the same on Mr 
Geo. Everson D T Commissary of Ordnance stores. This to 
be done immediately that every Reg* may he in readiness 
to march to Action at a moments warning. To give a gen 1 
Alarm, the following Signals to be observ'd, three Cannon 
to be first hVd quick one after another, in front to Gen 
Waynes brigade in the Gap of the mountain, to be answer'd 
by three at the park of Artillery in the Center of the front 
line, upon which all the troops are to get under Arms as 
soon as possible. It is expected that every Brigade Major 
will be very punctual in bringing their troops to the grand 
parade agreable to the orders of the twenty sixth ins* for 
guard mounting that one part of the guards may not be 
detahrd for the neglect of others. 

Brigadier for the day tomorrow Gen 1 AVeedon 
F d Off" for guard Colo. Spotswood & Maj r Buford 
Brigade Major Kirkpatrick. 

Brigade Orders. 

The Adj ts of the different Reg ts helonging to the Brigade 
are to make a return to the Brigade Major every Friday 
morning before eight o'clock of the strength of their Keg'-* 
in which returns a particular Ace* is to be given of the 
absentees naming the Hospitals in which the sick are lodg'd 
and what services those return'd on comm d are engag'd in. 
The command* Officers of Reg ts or Corps are to see that 
their pay rolls are made up & deposited at the end of every 
month in the hands of the pay master Gen 1 in doing this 
the Resolves of Congress pointing out the mode of doing it 
must be strictly adher'd to. As nothing is more conducive 
to the health of the troops than cleanliness the Officers in 
general belonging to the brigade arc requested to pay 
the strictest attention to the conduct of their men & see that 
not only the Camp is kept clean, but that the Soldiers 
appear on the parade as clean as circumstances will admit 
of, with their Arms & Accoutrements in the best order. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 201 

The whole brigade, when not otherways employ'd, is t.« 
parade every noon at four O'clock on the parade appointed 
for the brigade that they may be taught the Maneuvrcs 
requisite; No officer that is able & not on duty will be 
excus'd from attending. The Adj ts will do this duty by 
rotation & in order that the soldiers may not straggle about 
& perhaps be absent when wanted the Rolls are to be called 
regular morning & evening & the Absentees reported Gen 1 
Mughlenburg makes no doubt these Orders will be strictly 
& punctually observed. The necessity of it will appear 
evident to every intelligent Officer. 

To Brigad r Gen 1 Muhlenburg. 

Sir :— 

You are to enquire minutely into the state & condition 
of your Brigade & order every Officer & Soldier belonging 
to it, not usefully employ'd in recruiting or in the execution 
of any command by proper Authority or sick in the Hos- 
pitals, to join their respective Corps immediately, & see that 
it is done. 

Make strict enquiry what measures the commanding 
Officer of each Reg* your Brigade is taking to com pleat it 
to the establishment, & see that no means are left nnessayed 
to accomplish this desirable end. Let none but trusty £ 
diligent Officers be sent upon this business such as have a 
turn to this service, & you have good hopes will not mis- 
apply their time, or the money committed to their charge. 

Every Monday you are to render to the Adj 1 Gen 1 a 
correct return of your brigade, at the foot of which a partic- 
ular Account is to be siven of the Absentees, naming the 
Hospitals in which the sick are lodg'd, & what services 
those return'd on command are ensra^'d in. Mention is 
also to be made of the kilPd, wounded, k missing, it' any 
there be, after every Action or skirmish with the enemy . 
As also of any other remarkable Occurrence which may 
need explanation. 

Compare always the last return made you with, the 

202 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool-, 1777. 

preceding one & see that they correspond, or the Alterations 
satisfactorily accounted for, that no error or abuse may 
escape unnoticed uncorrected k unpunished if the mistakes 
are wilful. 

Desertions having been very frequent of late, endeavour to 
discover the causes of them, that a remedy may be applied. 
One step towards preventing which, is, to have the Rolls 
regularly called morning & evening and the absentees 
satisfactorily accounted for, or immediately sought after with 
vigilance & care. 

No furloughs to be given either to Officers or men except 
in cases of extreme necessity. 

See, that the Officers pay great attention to the condition 
of the Soldiers, arms, ammunition & accoutrements, as also 
to the manner of cooking their Victuals, and as far as in 
your power lies, cause the men to appear neat, clean, k 
Soldier-like, not only for the sake of appearances, but for the 
benefit of their health. 

Improve all the leisure time your Brigade may have from 
other duties in manouvring k teaching the men the use of 
their legs, which is of infinitely more importance than 
learning the manual exercise. Cause the Off" to attend 
regularly k perform their part of these duties with the men. 

You are not to accept the resignation of any Commissioned 
Officer, but upon a vacancy happening in any Reg* in your 
Brigade, you may consult- the Field Officers thereof, & 
recommend to the Commander in chief, a fit person to 
supply the deficiency, 'till a Commission however is bestow'd 
or approbation given in gen 1 orders such person is not to be 
included in the Returns or Pay rolls. 

You are to cause the pay Rolls of every Reg* in your 
Brigade to be made up and deposited at the end of every 
month in the hands of the pay master General. In doing 
this, strict attention is to be paid to the Resolves of Congress 
for the manner of doing it. 

The Experience of last Campaign abundantly evine'd the 
absurdity of heavy baggage, & the disadvantages resulting 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 177 7. 2 :J 

therefrom to Individuals and the Public, prevent therefore 
as much as possible all incumbrances of this kind, and do 
not upon a march suffer the Soldiers to throw their arms or 
Packs into Waggons, unless they are either sick or laine. 

Let Vice & immorality of every kind be discouraged, as 
much as possible in your brigade. And as a Chaplain is 
allow'dto each Reg'see that the men regularly attend divine 
Worship. Gaming of every kind is expressly forbid, as the 
foundation of evil and the cause of many a brave &■ gallant 
Officer's ruin. Games of Exercise for amusem* may not 
only be permitted but encouraged. 

These instructions you will consider as obligatory, unless 
they should interfere with General orders, which you 
must endeavour to have executed in your brigade with 

Given at Head Quarters in Xorristown 
this 26 th day of May Anno Domini 1777. 

G° Washington. 

(Circular) Head Quarters May 29 th 1777 

Brigad r for tomorrow Gen 1 Conway 
Field Officers Col° Wood, Lieut. Col* Barber 
Brigade Major Smith 
G.O. The Commander in chief directs that all orders 
issued previous to his coming to camp be observed in full 
force till countermanded or alter'd by him. As it is ;i 
matter of great importance to have the tamp well secur'd. 
Guards properly fixed their respective duties precisely 
pointed out and proper Regulation establish'd to enable 
them to act in concert & support each other Major Gen 
Green is requested to assemble as soon as possible all the 
other Gen 1 Officers & take these matters into consideration 
at large & report their opinion of what they shall think 
necessary to be adopted. A Major Gen' of the day to make 
a report of those regulations. The detached state of the 
Army has heretofore render'd it extremely difficult to com- 
municate the orders of the Commander in chief to all the 

264 General Mulilenberff* Orderly Booh, 1777. 

different parts & will render it necessary that many should 
be repeated. He flatters himself that henceforth the most 
punctual regard will be paid to all orders which is the 
good of the service & principle of honour do not produce, 
he is determin'd to impose. All firing without permission 
from the Major Gen 1 of the day is strictly forbid, those that 
are guilty of a breach of this order must be secur'd & severely 
punish'd. The nearest guard to the place where the Offence 
is committed to send a file of men to secure the Offender. 
The Commanding Officers of Heg** are to have their pay 
Abstracts immediately made out & lodg'd with the pay 
Mas tr Gen 1 for all pay due to the first of May. After that 
time they are to pursue the Mode pointed out by Congress to 
obtain payment & each Brigadier will inform them what 
they are & see them properly complied with. The Brigade 
Majors are to attend the Adj* Gen 1 precisely at twelve 
O'clock every day to receive orders. Two orderly Serj t3 to 
be furnish'd by each Brigade one to attend the commander 
in chief, the other the Adj* Gen 1 Major Ryan who has done 
the duty of Adj 4 Gen 1 for some days pass'd is now excus'd 
from that service, the duty as usual. 

G. O. Head Quarters May 30* 1777. 

Brigade for tomorrow Gen 1 Maxwell 
Field Off" Gol° Morgan & Major Davis 
Brigade Major Farling 
The Commissary Gen 1 is to adopt every means in his 
power to provide Vinegar for the use of the Army & see 
that the provisions are regularly serv'd. To do which with 
ease, he is to have an Assistance with each Brigade. Pro- 
visions are to be deliverd to Regimental Quarter Masters 
only or commissioned Officers authorized for that purpose, 
when the Jieg 1 has no Quarter Master, except in case of 
small detachments when a non eommission'd Off r may 
receive them ; none to be deliver'd without proper returns 
being made to the Commissary. The Command' Officers 
of Corps are to take care that their men have two days 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1?;7. 205 

provisions by them that they ma}' not suffer in ease of any 
sudden eall to any particular duty. The Brigad' to paj 
proper attention to this matter, and also to have the Arms 
of their Brigade examined and make report of kind and 
quality. They are moreover to see that their Brigades are 
completed with Ammunition as soon as possible & that all 
waste of it is prevented. The Gen 1 has the pleasure to 
acquaint the Arm} 7 that Gen 1 Parsons forra'd an expedition 
to the East end of Lobs Island under the Comrn' 1 of Lieut. 
Col Meges, which was attended with the most happy 
success. After burning eleven Vessels loaded with one 
hundred & twenty Tons of press'd forage Rum k other 
Articles and one armed Vessel of twelve guns, they brought 
off ninety prisoners, besides killed several of the enemy, six- 
only escaped. As the Army is collected & may soon be 
engag'd in important transactions. The Gen 1 takes Occa- 
sion from the laudable instance he has mention'd, to declare 
to the Army, both Officers & Soldiers, that he will be strictly 
observant of their conduct & make a point of distinguishing 
those by his rewards, who distinguish themselves by their 
Bravery & good behaviour as merit will not pass unnotieM, 
so misconduct will meet with the severest punishment. A 
Gen 1 Court Martial to sit immediately for tryal of Prisoners 
brought before it. All evidences to attend. The Brigade 
Majors to attend the grand parade & be Answerable that 
their men be well supplied with Ammunition & their Arras 
in good condition. Xo excuse will be admitted for their 
neglect of this necessary piece of duty. The light Cavalry 
which are to attend the picquets as Videts are to be on the 
parade at guard mounting. 

G. 0. Head Quarters May 31 ft 1777 

Brigadier for tomorrow Gen 1 Scott 
F d Off" Col* Hendricks, Major Byrd. 
Brigade Major Wetherspoon. 
The principal design of the movement this morning was 
to see if a proper distribution of baggage Waggons had been 

2GG General 31 ulrfenh erg's Orderly Book, 177 7. 

made to the several Reg ts & to what degree of alertness & 
Expedition the Army would be ready to march on a sudden 
emergency. The Gen 1 has much reason for Approbation in 
many respects, but though there was a great exactness in 
some instances, he wishes that a greater punctuality had 
been paid more generally to the time. Every Officer of 
Reflection must be sensible of the necessity of a strict regard 
to the time appointed in movements of this kind on which 
the success of the most important events may absolutely 
depend & it will be expected in future that a precise confor- 
mity to the moment pointed out will mark the conduct of 
every Corps. The General earnestly recommends that 
Officers of every Rank will disencumber themselves of all 
superfluous baggage, as it will only serve to employ a 
number of waggons more than can be shar'd, consistent 
with the good of the service & must be lost in the course 
of the Campaign. 

Nothing is more common than to hear men plead igno- 
rance of Gen 1 orders in excuse for the breach of them, nor 
is the excuse confin'd to privates only, it sometimes even 
disgraces the mouths of Officers. To prevent it in future, 
The Gen 1 positively orders the command 5 Officers of Corps 
to have Gen 1 Orders constantly read to their Corps. They 
may rely on being called to a severe Account, should the 
same plea be made hereafter suppos'd by truth. 

It is to be lamented that the foolish & scandalous practice 
of prophane swearing is so prevalent in the American 
Army. Officers of every Rank are bound to discourage it 
first by their example & then by puuishing. As a means to 
abolish this & every other species of immorality, Brigadiers 
are enjoin'd to take effectual care to have divine service 
duly perform 'd in their respective Brigades. By a return 
from the Quarter M T Gen 1 it appears that more than a sufli- 
eient Quantity of tents have been issued to cover the whole 
army. Yet some Corps are defective in this Article. 
Others must have more than their proportion. The Com- 
mand 1 * in chief repeats the last order from Major Con 1 Qroen 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 177 7. 267 

calling for immediate returns to the Quar tr M r Gen 1 of the 
exact number of tents drawn by each Corps. 

The Gen 1 approves of the following sentences of the Court 
Mars' held at Bound brook 21 5t Ins 1 whereof Col" Spots- 
wood was president. Tho* Edwards of the 7 th Yinr* Re«r' 
try'd for sleeping on his post sentene'd to receive 50 lashes. 
Wm. Foes of Col Angel's Batt a for desertion to receive 100 
lashes. Evan Thomas of the 9 th Pensylv* Reg 1 for D' to 
receive twenty five lashes. Evan Apply of the 4 th P* Reg 1 
for sleeping on his post to receive twenty-five lashes. On 
ace* of his being a young Soldier & of a good Character his 
punishment is remitted. Jos h Bryan of the 2 nd Y a Reg* for 
D° to receive 50 lashes. Denis Meyers of the 3 rd Pensylv 4 
Hieg* for desertion & threatning to desert to receive one 
hundred lashes. John Town, Maj r Offendorfs Corps for 
desertion to be reprimanded. Edw d Baker of D° for D 
to be acquitted. Tho 8 Murphy of 10 th Pennsylv* for D* to 
receive 100 lashes. James M c Kenzie of 10 th Pennsyl Vi 
to receive 100 lashes. W m Hardy of the German Reg' 
for deserting and enlisting in tw r o different Reg t? to be 
reprimanded by his Commander. JefTeries Connor of 
the 5 th Pennsylv a Reg 4 for desertion to receive 25 lashes. 
Rob* Story of 7 th Maryl d for D° to be reprimanded. Alex r 
Henderson of y e 10 th Pennsylv* Reg 1 for D° to receive 20 
lashes. Peter Smith of the 7 th Marvl d Re£< for Quiting his 
post to be reprimanded. Mehol r Ilamber of y e 8 th Pensylv" 
R. for desertion, acquitted. Those sentene'd to be immedi- 
ately executed. Except the instances in which the punish- 
ment is remitted. 

A. O. The Brigades on the right k left, front & rere ol 
the Camp are to establish small guards of one Subaltern, 
one Corp 1 & 8 Privates in all the passes leading to the Camp 
in order to prevent Soldiers from strag. and the Country 
people from coming into Camp. No Country person to 
come into Camp except by permission of the nearest Briga- 
dier or field Officer. All persons in Camp who cannot 

2CS General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool-, 1777. 

tnve a satisfactory Account of themselves to be confin'd and 
reported to the nearest Brigadier. These Guards to be 
relieved by the Brigade Majors daily. 

Brigade Orders. 

The Adjutants of the different Reg ts are this evening to 
make a return to the Q r M r Gen 1 of the number of tents 
belonging or drawn for each Reg 1 Those that have already 
done it, may nevertheless examine & give in the Returns 
anew. The Command* Off r8 of Reg ts will see that G. O. are 
read to the men every evening on the parade, that no one 
may plead ignorance. No Officer not on duty & able to 
attend must be absent. The whole Brigade to parade on 
Monday morning precisely at four o'clock at the usual place, 
leaving a small guard at their Baggage. 

G. 0. Head Quarters Middlebrook Camp 

June 1 st 1777 
Brigadier for the day tomorrow Gen 1 Maxwell 
Field Off" Col Matthews L 1 Col Butler 
Brigade Major Harper. 
The Gen 1 directs the following Rules to be observ'd 
invariably throughout the Army & as he is apprehensive 
that they will meet with great Obstacles in the Carelessness 
and indolence of some Officers, he thinks it is necessary to 
declare, that he will not overlook any neglect or breach of 
them that shall come to his knowledge. Each Res: 1 to be 
paraded at troop & at retreat beating, the Rolls are carefully 
to be called and absentees punished. All Officers not on 
their duty to attend the parade to see that their men are 
clean and decent, their Arms and Accoutrements in the 
best order, their Ammunition complete, that they behave 
well in their Ranks, are silent, steady & orderly. Once a 
day, at such time as the Brigadiers shall judge most con- 
venient, each Corps to be exercised in the manual & evolu- 
tions, and once a week at least, each Brigade to be 
exercised collectively under the direction of its Brigadier. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1111. 200 

The most essential part of discipline being marching in- 
forming. This should be more particularly practiced. All 
officers not on another duty to be present on these Occa- 
sions not as unconcerned Spectators, but to learn & perform 
their own duty & see that their men' do theirs. The field 
Officers to exercise their Reg 1 themselves & in their absence 
the Captains & not leave it to Adj ts as has been heretofore 
the Case. It is necessary the men should be Accustom'd 
to the Voice and command of those who are to direct them 
in Action & that those should by practice acquire a facility 
in doing their parts. The Gen 1 observes with concern that 
both Officers & Soldiers are guilty of the unsoldierly practice 
of stragling from Camp, he forbids the continuance of it on 
any pretence whatever. Whoever shall be found a mile 
from Camp, unless on duty or with permission of the briga- 
dier command-' him whether Officer or Soldier shall be tried 
for disobedience of orders. As there is a necessity for the 
Army to rise and turn out every morning at Reveille 
beating, they ought to go to rest early. All lights must be 
put out at 9 o'clock in the even 5 & every man to his tent. 
The Provost Martial to patrole the Camp & its invirons 
frequently to take up all who cannot give a good Ace 1 of 
themselves, & all disorderly persons, he is to see that the 
Sutlers do not deal out their liquors at an untimely hour, 
but conform to such Rules as have been or may be form'd 
relating to them. The Command 5 Officers of every Corpa 
is to make a report every morning to his Brigadier of the 
number of Riflemen under his comm d in doing which he is 
to include none but such as are known to be perfectly 
skilled in the use of these guns & who are known to be Active 
& orderly in their behaviour. Each Brigadier to make a 
collective return to the Adj* Gen' of these men. 

B. 0. The different Reg" belonging to the brigade to 
parade every morning immediately after beating of the 
Revellie on their own parade, to go through the evolutions, 
except on those days when the Brigade parades. The Adj" 

270 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 7 7? 7. 

of the I s1 5 ,h & 9 th Virg* Reg* to make a full return of all 

the men in their Reg* mentioning the Abs 1 Officers & on 
what Acc r employed, what alterations since last return, how 
many men wanting to complete the Establishment, & the 
number of Vacant Officers & of what Rank. 

G. 0. Head Quarters May 20 th 1777 

Parole Alexandria Countersign Bedford 

Valentine Peers Esq r is appointed Brigade Major to Gen 1 
Weedons brigade and is to be respected and obeyed as such. 
Lewis "Woodruff Esq r is appointed a deputy Muster Master. 
Colo 5 & Commanding Officers of Battalions & Corps must 
camp their Regimental Pay masters to make up their pay 
Abstracts to the 3 r3 of April inclusive and order them to 
attend at the Pay Mast 1 Gen 1 "' office for the money, they 
must be examined & sign'd by their respective command 8 
Officers and Brigadiers, who will diligently compare them 
with the daily and weekly Returns & certify them. The 
Comp ys abstracts must be delivered into the pay Mas* Gen 1 
with regimental Abstracts. That the great & necessary 
purpose of Adjusting the Rank of all Officers in the 
American Army may be affected with expedition. His 
Excelly. the Command* in chief is pleas'd to order that the 
field Officers of each Continental Battalion do immediately 
examine into the present Rank & hear the pretensions 
thereto of all their Cap* & Subalterns, settle them where 
they can to the satisfaction of all the Gentlemen concerned, 
and make a full & fair report of all their proceedings to the 
Brigadiers command 5 their brigades & that the Brig 1 " 
with the assistance of the field Officers in the brigade do 
upon the receipt of such reports proceed to adjust the Rank 
of all the Officers in their respective Brigades, & make a 
full and fair report of all their proceedings to the Major 
Gen 1 commanding their division, that should there be any 
instance of dissatisfaction in the Officers with the determi- 
nation of their field Officers, thev be candidly enumerated 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool-, 1777. 271 

by such field Off" & parties complaining with all their 
attendant circumstances and reported to their respective 
Brigadiers, who will eall before them all the parties inter- 
ested, inquire into their claims k if they cannot be settled 
to general satisfaetion, make a special c\; particular report to 
their Major Gen 1 , who upon receipt of such report will 
summon a board of Officers, will take a dispassionate com- 
parative review of the whole £ determine the rank in the 
Army; until! which time it is expected the service of the 
Army will not be injur d by disputes about Rank, but that 
every Officer will by an emulous discharge of his duty, 
recommend himself to his Country & to the promotion he 
thinks he is entitled to. 

G.O. Head Quarters June 2 nd 1777. 

Brigad r for the day tomorrow Gen 1 Wayne 
F d Off" Col M c Clanaghan & Maj r Harmer 
Brigade Major Ryan 
The Muster Mast r Gen 1 is without loss of time to cause 
Musters to be made of the whole Army, he will give notice 
to the different Corps, when to hold themselves respectively 
in readiness for that purpose. The Brigadiers and field 
Officers of the day are constantly to attend the grand parade 
to see that the guards are properly assembled, give the 
necessary directions concerning them, A: have them march'd 
to their several posts in order. The Adjutants to collect 
the proportion Assigned on their Regimental parades, 
inspect carefully the state of their Arms, Accountrinnrnts, 
ammunition and dress, & march them off in order to their 
brigade parades. The Brigade Major to receive them from 
the Adjutants examining in like manner the state of their 
Arms, etc, & to march them off to the grand parade, there 
deliver them to the Brigade Major of the day. Decency 
and a regard to health, especially in this hot season indis- 
pensibly require that Vaults should be immediately d' 
the rere of each encampment as the repositories of every 

272 Genera! Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool', 1777. 

kind of filth, they should be cover'd with green hough? & 
fresh earth thereon every morning or two. This business 
to be done by Camp Colour men under the directions of 
Regimental Quarter Masters, who are to see that they 
execute it properly, sweep the streets of the encampment & 
keep it in all respects clean, & free them from every thing 
nauseous or offensive. The Quarter Mas* Gen 1 will furnish 
tools, he is also to visit the Camp, & report how far this 
order is complied with. Each Reg* or Corps to appoint by 
rotation a Regimental Officer of the day, whose province 
shall be to visit the sick, and see that they are provided 
for & taken care of, making daily Reports to the Com- 
manding Officer of their number & condition, to inspect 
the food of the men, both as to the quality & the manner 
of dressing it, obliging the men to accustom themselves 
more to boiled soups, and less to broiled and roasted, 
which as to their constant diet is destructive to their 
health. This Oft' r is also to attend closely to the cleanli- 
ness of the camp, for which he will be Answerable and 
is bound to see there is no neglect in the Quarter Master 
or C. C. men. 

Returns of all the sick both in and out of Camp to be 
made out tomorrow morning to the Surgeon Gen 1 their 
number, Condition, and place where they are to be specified. 
The Command 5 Officers of Corps not yet provided with 
pay masters to recommend without delay proper persons 
for that station to the General, they must be men of 
property, good Accomptants & methodical & must write a 
good hand. Henry Livingston Esq r is appointed Lieu* in 
his Excelly ,s guard. A party of two hundred men to 
parade this evening at the grand parade with four days pro- 
vision to take their orders from the Adj* General. Major 
Morrel to command this party untill the arrival of Gen 1 
Dehes's eldest Officer in his brigade to take the command, 
and John Harper Esq T is to do the duty of brigade major 
in that brigade till further orders. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 273 

G.O. Head Quarters June 3 ld 1777 

Brigadier for the day tomorrow Gen 1 Weedon 
Field Officers Col Chambers & Major Campbell 
Brigade Major Peers. 

As in the detach'd state of the Artillery the men often 
suffer for want of Surgeons, it being impossible for their 
own Regimental Surgeons to take due care of them dis- 
pers'd as they are over the whole line. Each Brigadier i^ 
to see that the Regimental Surgeons of his brigade pay 
every necessary attention to the detachment of Artillery 
annex'd thereto. 

Regimental Surgeons are not to send any of their sick to 
Hospital without first obtaining a Certificate from the Sur- 
geon Gen 1 or one of his deputies for that purpose. The 
Brigadiers to have the springs Adjacent to their several 
encampments well clear'd and enlarg'd, having Gentries 
over them to see that the water is not injur'd by dirty 
utensils or any other means. A barrel sunk in them will 
be the best means to keep them from being made muddy, 
and an arbour over them will serve to preserve them cool. 
They are also to have all dead Cattle, horses or other 
Carrion remov'd to a distance from the Camp and buried 
deep under ground. They will see that the orders to 
promote cleanliness are punctually observ'd and indeed all 
others whether particularly called on or not. 

The Commander in chief looks to them with an attentive 
eye for the execution of all his orders which they must be 
sensible their duty & honour demand. No Prisoners whose 
crimes may properly come before a Regiment Court Martial 
to be sent to or rece d at the Provost guard but to be com- 
mitted to Regiment 1 Quarter Guards and regimentally tried. 
It having been represented to the Gen 1 that command* 
Officers of Corps undertake to seize and confine Commis- 
saries at their pleasure in common Guard houses, lie 
thinks it necessary to declare a practice so irregular & 
vol. xxxni. — 18 

274 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool-, 1777. 

injurious cannot be tolerated. At the same time he means 
not to countenance any neglect of duty in the Commissary, 
but will be ready to attend to whatever complaints may be 
justly made against them, to rectify the Abuses they commit 
and punish their delinquency. Xo horses to be let loose 
into the wheat or other fields about Camp, unless first 
pointed out and devoted to the purpose by the Quarter 
Master General. Brigad" to see orders for the arrangement 
of Officers Rank immediately complied with by appointing 
a day for the field Officers of each Reg 1 to take it up. The 
Gen 1 is surprized and sorry to find that a matter about 
which so much anxiety and embarrasment is express'd, 
when put upon a footing to be adjusted meets with so much 
neglect & delay. The Gen ] Field Off^ & Brigade Majors 
of the day will be expected to favour his Excel! 7 with their 
Comp y at dinner as a standing rule without particular 

The following sentences of a Court Martial held the 2 nd 
Inst, are approv'd by the Commander in chief and their 
immediate execution directed. Ab m AVood of the 9 th 
Pennsylv a Reg' tried for desertion & sentene'd to receive 
twenty five lashes on his bare back. John Welch of the 
7 th Maryland Reg' charg'd with desertion, the Court of 
Opinion he is entitled to the benefit of Gen 1 AVashingtuns 
proclomation offering pardon for deserters & that he should 
be delivered to Major Bush to do duty in his reg 1 untill he 
can be sent to the Reg 1 he belongs to. Henry Bryan of the 
8 th Pennsylv a Reg 1 charg'd with encouraging desertion £ 
sentene'd to receive fifty lashes on his bare back. Patrick 
Henry of the 1 st Pennsylv* Reg 1 charg'd with having 
enlisted into two Reg t! without being discharged sentene'd 
to be reprimanded by the Commanding Officer of the 
Reg 1 he belongs to & the money he reced from Cap 1 Taylor 
of the 5 th Pennsyl va Reg 1 to be stopt out of his pay. Lieut. 
Tho s Cook of the 8 th Pennsylv* Reg 1 charg'd with having 
made known the Parole & Countersign to a person not 
entitled to receive it, found guilty of the charge exhibited 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 17 77. 


against him, but on consideration of hie good Character 
sentene'd only to be reprimanded by the Col in the Pres- 
ence of the Officers of the Reg* he belongs to. Lieut- 
Jollv of the 11 th Peusylv* Reg* charsrd with Cowardice & 
neglect of duty not guilty & ordered to be releas'd from his 
Arrest forthwith. 

The Prisouers mentioned in this day's orders to be 
punish'd at the head of their respective Reg* for which 
purpose the commanding Officers will send for them to the 
main Guard. 

Gen 1 Orders. Head Quarters June 4 th 1777 

Brigadier for tomorrow Gen ! Conway 
Field Off' 3 Col 08 Malmade £ North 
Brigade Major Day 

The Commissary Gen 1 to have his slaughter houses at 
least a mile in the rere of the Camp & to be very careful to 
have the Ofr'al of what he kills buried a sufficient depth 
under Ground. He must be provided with Waggons to 
convey the meat to places near each brigade for the more 
Commodious distribution of it, & must see that no reliques 
are left in those places through Carelessness. As proper 
precautions in the regulation of this part of the Commissary 
Gen ,s department is essential to the Army, The Gen 1 
hopes he will be peculiarly attentive to it. A Return to be 
made tomorrow to the Adj* Gen 1 of all the Women in Camp. 

The Music of the Army being in general very bad, it is 
expected that the drum and fife majors exert themselves to 
improve it, or they will be redue'd and their extraordinary 
pay taken from them. Stated hours to be assign 'd for all 
the drums & fifes to attend them & practice. Nothing is 
more agreable and ornamental than good music. Every 
Officer for the credit of his Corps should take care to 
provide it. 

The Revellie to be beat at day-break. The troop n1 s 
o'clock in the morning and the Retreat at Sunset, for the 

276 General Muhlenberg'* Orderly Bool; 177 7. 

sake of regularity, the drum of the Reg 1 on the right of the 
line to give three taps allowing a sufficient equal space 
between each, as a warning fur the one next on the left, 
which is to do the same & *o on through the whole. The 
second Line taking it by the right from the right in front & 
the advane'd brigades bv the ricrht, from the ri^ht in the 
rere. These Taps over & a proper interval allow'd for the 
warning to become general The drummers call is to be 
given as a signal for what is to follow after & then the 
whole Musick of the line to begin in concert. The Reveille, 
troop or Retreat as it may happen. The same complaint 
has been made to the Gen 1 respecting abuse of Quarter 
Mast' 8 which was mentioned in yesterdays orders relative to 
Commissaries. An end must be put to such irregular 
conduct. Misbehaviour in those departments ought to be 
punish'd but it must be done in a proper manner. The 
Army to be immediately furnished with four day's provision. 

Head Quarters June 5 th 1777 
Major Gen' for the day tomorrow Green 

Brig' . . . Scott 

Field OfY rs Col* Sayton— Maj r Heath 
Brigade Maj r 
The Major Gen 1 of the day is in some sort to represent 
the Commander in chief, he is to give directions for all 
•guards, parties & detachments, to receive all Reports ot 
their proceedings & of any Occurrence of importance in 
and out of Camp. All deserters & prisoners, other than for 
common military offences to be brought to him for exami- 
nation, and to be disposs'd of by him. All detachments or 
reinforcements to be reported to him immediately on their 
Arrival & to take his orders, he is to superintend the regu- 
lation of the Camp & the execution of all Gen 1 orders, for 
which purpose he shall visit the whole line, if not absolutely 
prevented by other duty, and he is to report to the Comm' 
in Chief, what from his Observations he may think necessary 
to be done for the better regulation of the Camp and army. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool', 1777. 277 

He is to oversee the Orders of March and the Dispositions 

for Battle according from Directions from the Coram' in 
Chief. In case of sudden Alarms he is instantly to repair 
to the place where the danger appears to he and if it is 
likely to he serious, he must with all speed send to inform 
the Comm r in Chief until he hears from him he must 
employ those means which seem to him Xeeessary Conform- 
ahle to the Exigency of the Occasion, he is to make a 
Gen 1 Report next morning to the Comni* in chief of every 
thing that passes worth Xotice on his day. Occurrencies of 
immurgency and that require immediate attention to he 
reported the moment they are known by the Maj r Gen 1 . 

The Bricr r f the dav is to be Considered as the Comin* 
Officer of all the Guards, he is to receive orders in the 
morning of the Major Gen 1 he is to attend the grand Parade 
to see everything conducted with propriety, to assign the 
posts and give all necessary directions, to Visit them after 
they arrive and see if they have post right, and have 
followed the Rules proscribed them & taken proper precau- 
tions to secure themselves and avoid surprise and to give 
his orders accordingly on an alarm he is to perform all the 
Esential duties of the Comm- Officers of the Guards, he is 
to make a General report of every relative to him, to the 
Maj r Gen 1 . The field Officers to attend the Grand Parade 
and assist the Brigadier and follow such directions as he 
shall think proper to give, respecting the Guards, they are 
to visit them at Xight by way of Grand rounds Escorted by 
a small party of Horse, to see if they are alert and upon 
their watch, and if the Sentries are well stationed and do 
their duty. They are to receive an evening report from the 
officers of the state of their Guards and of what unusual 
occurencies may have happened and to give direction 
accordingly of everything Extraordinary to be reported to 
the Brig r as soon as the Tour is over or sooner if necessary. 
they are to receive morning reports from the several guards 
when relieved. On an alarm they are to take their orders 
from the Brigadier. The Brig r Major of the day is a!- 

278 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 


attend the parade to receive the men that are to compose 
the Guards and compare them with the Detail to inspect 
their Arms, Accountriments, Ammunition and Dress to 
count of the Guards and assign the Officers their posts by 
Lot to march them from the Grand Parade and do every 
other requisite duty agreable to the order of the Brigadier. 
He is to give each Comnr Officer of the Guard the Parole 
and Countersign before he marches them Oft* and is to 
attend the Brig' frequently through the day to receive his 
farthur occasional orders, in case of an alarm he is to accom- 
pany the Brig' — for the future an Aid D Camp from each 
division to attend at Head Quarters for G. Orders. The 
Brigade Maj ra to receive the orders at the Quarters of their 
Maj* Gen 1 which will be more convenient for them as they 
are obliged to attend for Division orders The Brig* Majors 
to attend the Adj 1 Gen 1 once a week or oftner if required 
to settle the detail. 

B.O. This Evening at G o'clock the 1 st 5 lh & 9 th Reg' 5 are 
to Parade on their Brig' 1 Parades to discharge their Mus- 
quets, the German Reg K to parade on their Regimental 
parade for the same purpose and at the same time. This 
afternoon the Q r M. of the differant 'Reg 13 belonging to the 
Brigade at 4 o'clock are to attend at Gen 1 Muhlenburghs 
Head Quarters to receive their Proportion of Ammunition 
and Catridge Paper, which is to be made up into the Blind 
Catridges as soon as possible. 

Tomorrow afternoon at 8 o'clock the Brigade is to meet 
at the Brigade Parade to pass the review before Maj r Gen 1 
Green. The Officers will take care to bring their men on 
the Parade Neat & Clean with their Arms & Accountriments 
in the best order they will likewise take particular care that 
each of their men are supplied with Catridges and the real 
Catridges properly secured that no mistake may happen. 

(To be continued.) 

Colonel liable y's Journal, 1110. 279 

MING, JULY 30th, 1779. 


(Continued from page 146.) 

Saturday August ll}! h . 

This morning 10 o'Clock a.m. had the Bodies of those 
brave veterans, who so nobly distinguished themselves and 
bravely fell in the Action of yesterday, interred with Mil- 
itary honours (tiring excepted) Parson Rogers, delivered a 
small discourse on this occasion. 

Was imploy'd greatest part of the day in Writing 
letters to my friends at Lan r & Philad* \v h were forwarded 
the same Evening. 

Sunday 15 th . 

Agreeable to orders of Yesterday 900 Men, were order'd 
to meet on the grand parade, for inspection and to be fur- 
nished w h Ammunition k eight days Provission for the 
purpose of marching up Susquehannah k meeting Genl. 
Clinton, who is now on his March, to form a junction with 
this Army. 

Two o'Clock p.m. a firing was heard on the West side 
of Tioga branch, immediately opposite our Encampment, a 
number of Indians under cover of a high Mountain ndvanc'd 
on a large Meadow or flat of ground, on which our Cattle 
& horses were Grazing, unfortunately two men were there 
to fetch some horses, one of which was kill'd & Bcalp'd, the 
other slightly wounded but got clear; one Bullock was 
likewise kill'd, and several public horses taken otY. My 
Regiment was ordered in pursuit of them, we accordingly 
cross'd the branch, and ascended the Mountain, march'd 

2S0 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

along the Summit of the same for up\v dJ of two miles in 
order to gain their rear but the enemy having too much 
start, got clear. After scouring the Mountains & Valleys 
near the same, we return'd much fatigued about 5 o'Clock 


Monday 16 th . 

The detach 1 under Gqu } Poors Command agreeable to 
orders mooved this day 1 o'clock p.m. up Susquehannah for 
the purpose of forming a junction with Gen 1 Clinton. 

Several of our Out Centinels alarm'd the Camp by firing 
of several Guns about 1 o'clock in the morning, in conse- 
quence of which Light Corp stood under arms, several 
Patroles were send out to reconnoitre the front of Encamp- 
ment, retnrn'd near day break, but made no discoveries. 
Alarm proovM primature. Gen 1 Hand being ordered with 
the detachment under Gen 1 Poor. Command of Light Corp 
devolv'd on me during his absence. 

Tuesday 17 th . 

7 o'clock p.m. firing was heard about 500 yds. immediately 
in front of Light Corp Encampment, a party of 50 men 
properly ofrie'd were immediately detach'd and endeavour to 
find out the cause of it. Return'd 8 o'Clock p.m. reported 
that a party of Indians 11 in number had way-laid a few 
pack-horsemen, who were just returning with their Horses 
from pasture, that they had killed and scalped one man and 
wounded another. The wounded man got safe to Camp 
and the Corps of the other was likewise brought in. 

An Alarm was rlr'd by a Centinel about 11 o'clock 
p.m. but prooved false. 

Wednesday 18 th . 

In order to entrap some of those savages who keep sneaking 
about the Encampment the following parties were ordered 
out for that purpose and to be reliev'd daily by an equal 
number until we leave this ground, viz' One Sub ; A 20 

Colonel Uubley's Journal, 1779. 281 

Men on the Mountain opposite the Encamp 1 , one Sub : k 20 
Men on the Island about 1J mile above the Encampment 
on the Tioga branch, and one Sub : & 20 Men in the 
"Woods about 1 J mile immediately in front of Light Corp 
Encampment. With orders to waylay and take even- other 
means to take them. 

This day by particular request of several Gentlemen, a 
discourse was delivered in the Masonic form by Doctor 
Rogers, on the death of Cap* Davis of the 11 th Pen* and 
Lieut. Jones of the Delaware Regiments who were on the 
23 rd of April last most cruely & Inhumanly Massacred & 
Scalp'd by the savages, (Emissaries imploy'd by the British 
King) as they were marching with a detachment for the 
relief of the Garrison at Wyoming. 

Those Gentlemen were both Members of that I In 1 and 
ancient society of Freemason. A number of Brethren 
attended on this occasion in proper form and the whole 
was conducted with propriety and harmony. Text Preach'd 
on this Solemn occasion was the first clause in the 7 th 
verse of the 7 th Chapter of Job, Remember my lift is bat 

Thursday 10 th . 
Nothing remarkable this day. 

Friday 20 th . 

This day arrived Lieut. Boyd of Col. Butlers Reg 1 with 
Accounts of Gen 1 Clintons movements on Susquehannal), 
and that a junction wa3 form'd by him with Gen 1 Poors 
Detachment at Chakunut, about 35 mile from this place. 
Rain very heavy chief part of this day. 

Saturday 91*. 

The detachment under Gen 1 Clinton & Poor on account of 
the very heavy rain yesterday did not reach this Encamp- 
ment, as was expected. 

282 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

Sunday 22 nd . 

This day 10 o'clock a.m. Generals Clinton k Poors 
detachments with about 220 Boats pass'd Light Corp 
Encampment, for the Main Army about 17 miles in their 
rear. On their passing they were saluted with 13 round- 
from the Park. The Light Corp being likewise drawn up, 
and received them, in proper form with Colo : Proctors 
Music k Drums k fifes beating and playing. 

Monday 23 rd . 

This day a most shocking affair happen'd, by an accident 
of a gun, which went off, the ball of which entered a tent in 
w h was Cap : Ivamble of Gen 1 Poors Brigade and a Lieut, 
the Cap* was unfortunately kill'd & the Lieut, wounded. 

Gen 1 Clinton having forni'd a juuetion with the Army at 
this place, the following alterations in the several Brigades 
were ordered to take place viz 1 : — Colo. Courtland Reg 1 to 
be annex'd to Gen 1 Clintons, Colo. Olden to Gen 1 Poors 
and Colo. Buttlers Peg' w h Major Parrs Corps to Gen 1 
Hands Brigades. 

Tuesday 24! h . 

This day imploy'd hands to make baggs for the purpose 
of carrying flour, hands imploy'd all day & night in this 

Agreeable to orders a signal Gun was fir'd for the whole 
army to strike Tents 5 o'clock p.m. and march'd some 
small distance, in order to form the line of March : 7 o'clock 
p.m. another signal Gun was fir'd for the Army to Encamp 
in proper order, and to be in readiness for an immediate 
March. Colo. Butlers Peg' with Major Parrs Rifle men, 
join'd Light corp k encamp'd with them this day 7 o'clock 


Colo. Shrieve, took command of Fort Sullivan this day, 
agreeable to orders. 

Flying Hospital & Stores &c, were moov'd this day to the 


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Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 2S<°. 

Wednesday 25 th . 

This morning, was entirely devoted to packing up & 
getting everything in readiness for an immediate march, a 
heavy rain fell in 11 o'clock a.m. continued greatest part 
of the day, which prevented our moovements. 

Thursday 26 th . 

The Army not being perfectly ready to March 8 o'clock 
a.m. agreeable to yesterdays orders, the Signal Gun for a 
march was not tired untill 11 o'clock, when the whole took 
up the line of march in the following order Viz*: Light 
Corp Commanded by Gen 1 Hand, Marclrd in six Columns, 
the right Commanded by Colo. Butler and the left by my- 
self. Major Parr with the Rim* em en, dispers'd considerably 
in front of the whole with orders to reconoitre all moun- 
tains defiles, or other suspicious places, previous to the 
arrival of the Army, to prevent any surprize or ambus- 
cades, from taking place. The Pioneers under command 
of a Captain & Sub. then followed, after which proceeded 
the Park of Artillery. Then came on the Main Army in 
two Columns, in centre of which moov'd the Pack-horses k 
Cattle, the whole flank'd on right & left by the flanking 
Divisions, commanded by Colo : Dubois k Colo. Ogden. 
And rear brought up by Gen 1 Clintons Brigade, in this 
possition the whole mov'd to the Upper end of Tioga flats, 
about 3 Mile above Fort Sullivan, where we encamp'd for 
this night. This day dispos'd of one of my horses for £ — 
to Mr. Bond. 

Cap 1 Bush on acco k of his indisposition obtained leave to 
continue either at Fort Sullivan or go to Wyoming untill 
the return of the Regiment from the expedition. 

Friday, August 27 th 1779. 

On account of some delays this morning Army did not 
inoove untill half past eight o'clock a.m., previous to the 
March the Pioneers under cover of the Ritlle corps, wore 

28-i Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

advanc'd to tlie first Sc second deiiles or narrows, some Miles 
in front of our Encampment, were they were imploy'd in 
mending and cutting a road for the Park to pass. The 
Army march'd in same order of yesterday, the Country 
thro' w h they had to pass beinsc exeeedinsdv Mountain 
& ruff, and ye slow movements of the Park, considerably 
impeded the March. About 7 o'clock p.m. we arrived, 
near the last narrows, at the lower end of Chemung, were 
we eucamp'd in following order viz'. Light Corps near the 
enterance of ye Defile or Narrows and in front of some very 
extensive Cornfields suppos'd to be planted by ye refugee 
Torys now acting w h ye savages, the Main Army, about one 
Mile in our rear, and immediately fronting the Corn-fields. 
After Encamping: Troops had an agreeable repast of Corn, 
Potatoes, Beans, Cucumbers, Watermelons Squashes & 
other vegeta 13 , which were in great plenty (produc'd) from 
the Cornfields already mentioned, and in the greatest per- 
fection. Distance of March this day 6 Miles. 

Saturday Awf 2S th . 

Fore part of this day, being imploy'd by the Gen 1 & prin- 
cipal officers of ye Army, in reeonnoitering the river, and 
finding out some fording place for the Artillery, Park- 
horses & Cattle, to cross to gain Chemung, the defile or 
narrows mentioned in my Yesterday Journal being so ex- 
cessive narrow, and indeed almost impracticable for them 
to pass. 

The following disposition for the marching of ye Army 
took place accordingly viz 1 The Riffle Corps with Gen 1 
Maxwells Brigade and left flanking Division of the Army. 
Covering the Park, Pack-horses ft Cattle cross'd to the 
West side of the river, and about one ft half mile above, 
reeross'd the same, and formed a junction (on the lower end 
of Chemung flats) with the Light Corps, Gen 1 Poors & 
Clintons Brigades & Right flanking Division oi y f Army, 
who took their rout across an almost inacceeaable M mntain 

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Colonel Ilvhleys Journal, 1110. 285 

on the East-side of y e river, the bottom of which forms the 
narrows, already mentioned, the summit was gained with 
greatest dificulty, on the top of the Mountain, the lands. 
which are level k extensive, are exceeding rich with large 
timber, chiefly Oak* interspers'd with underwood k excel- 
lent grass. The prospect from this mountain, is most 
beautiful, we had a view of the Country of at least 20 mile 
round, the fine extensive plains interspers'd with streams 
of Water, made the prospect pleasing and elegant, from 
this Mountain Ave observ'd, at some considerable distance, a 
number of clouds of smoaks arising were we concluded the 
enemy to be encamp'd. 

Previous to the movement of the Army this day a small 
party of Men, were send across the river, in order to destroy 
some few Indian Hutts, which were immediately opposite 
our Encampment, before the business was quite effected, 
they were fired upon by a party of Indians, who after 
giving the fire, immediately retreated, the party executed 
their orders, and all return'd unhurt to the Army. 

The Scout send out last evening, to reconoitre the Enemy, 
near Newtown (an Indian Village so called) return'd this 
day, and reported they discovered a great number of fires and 
that they suppos'd, from the extensive piece of ground 
covered by the fires, the enemy must be very formidable, 
and mean to give us battle, the likewise discovered four 
or five small scouting parties on their way towards this 
place suppos'd to reconnoitre our Army. Since our arrival 
here a great quantity of furniture was found by our soldiers, 
which was concealed in the adjacent AVoods. After form- 
ing the junction above mentioned, we took up the line o\ % 
march and moov'd to the upper Chemung-tov:n and Encamp'd 
about G o'clock p.m. for this night. Distance of March 
on a straight course about 2 miles. 

From the great quantities of Corn & other vegetables 
here and in the neighbourhood, it is suppos'd the intended 
to establish their principal Magazine at this place w* seems 
to be their chief randevouze, when ever they intend to go 

286 Colond Hubhi/s Journal, 1719. 

to War, it is the Key to the Perm" Jearsey and Netv York 
frontiers. The Corn already destroyed by our Army is not 
less than 5000 Bushels, upon a moderate calculation, and 
the quantity yet in y e ground in this neighbourhood, is at 
least the same, besides which there are vast quantities of 
Beans, Potatoes, Squashes, Pumbkins &c. which shar'd the 
fate of the Corn. 

Sunday August 29 th . 

This morning 9 o'clock the Army moov'd in same order 
of 26 th the Riffle men were well scattered in front of the 
Light Corps, who moov'd with greatest precission & caution. 
On our arrival near the ridge on which the Action of 13 th 
commenc'd with Light corps, our Van discovered several 
Indians in front, one of which gave them a lire, and then 
fled. We continued our march for about one Mile, the 
Rifle corps entered a low marshey ground, which seeni'd 
well calculated for forming Ambuscades, they advanced 
with great precaution, when several more Indians were 
discovered, who flred and retreated, Major Parr from those 
circumstances judg'd it rather dangerous to proceed any 
further without first taking every precaution to reconnoitre 
almost every foot of ground, and ordered one of his men to 
mount a tree and see if he could make any discovery. After 
being some time on the Tree, he discovered the movement 
of several Indians, (which was rendered conspicuous from 
the quantity of paint they had on them) as they were lay- 
ing behind an extensive breast work, which extended at 
least half a Mile, and most artfully covered with green 
boughs & trees, having their right flank seeur'd by the 
river and their left by a Mountain. It was situated on a 
rising piece of ground, about 100 yards in front of a dif- 
ficult stream of AVater, bounded by the Marshy ground 
already mentioned on one side, and on the other between it 
& the breast works by an open ft clear field. Major Parr 
immediately gave intelligence to Gen 1 Hand of bis discov- 
eries, who immediately advanc'd the Light Corp within 

Colonel Hublcy's Journal, 1779. 2^7 

about 300 yards of the Enemy's works, and form'd in line 
of Battle, the Rifle Corps, under cover advane'd and lav 
under the bank of the Creek within 100 yards of the lines. 
Gen 1 Sullivan having previous notice arriv'd with the Main 
Army and ordered the following disposition to take place, 
the Rifle & Light Corp to continue their possition, the left 
flanking Division" under com d of Col. Ogden to take post 
on the Left flank of the Light Corp and Gen 1 Maxwells 
Brigade some distance in the rear as a. Corps de reserve, and 
Colo. Proctors Artilery in front of the Centre of the Light 
Corp and immediately opposite the Breast works, a heavy 
fire ensued between the Rifle Corp k the Enemy, but little 
damage was done on either side, in the mean time Gen 11 
Poors & Clintons Brigades with the right flanking Divisions 
were ordered to march & gain if possible the Enemys flank 
& rear, whilst the Rifle & Light Corps amus'd them in 
front. Colo : Proctors had orders to be in readiness w h Ids 
Artillery, and attack the lines, first allowing a suflicient 
space of time to Gen 1 Poor &f. to gain their intended 
stations. About 3 o'clock p.m. the Artillery began their 
attack on the Enemys works, the Rifle & Light Corps in 
the mean time prepar'd to advance and charge, but the 
Enemy finding their situation rather precarious and our 
troops determin'd, left & retreated from their works with 
the greatest precipitation, leaving behind them a number 
of Blankets, Gun-covers, and kittles w b corn boiling over 
the fire. Gen 1 Poor & c on aceo* of several difficulties which 
they had to surmount, could not effect their designs, and 
the enemy probably having intiligence of their approach, 
posted a number of Troops on the Top of a Mountain, over 
which they had to advance, on their arrival near the 
summit of the same, the Enemy gave them a tire and 
wounded several Officers .& Soldier^. Gen 1 Poor push'd on 
& gave them a tire as the retreated, aud kilTd five of the 
Savages. In the course of the day we took nine scalps (all 
savages) and two prisoners, who were seperatclv examin'd 
and gave the following corresponding intiligence that tlic 

2SS Colonel II alley's Journal, 1779. 

Enemy were 700 Men strong, viz* 500 Savages and 200 
Torys with about 20 British troops, commanded by a 
Seneca chief, the two Butlers, Brand & M'DonalcL 

The Infantry push'd on towards Newtown, the Main 
Army halted & Encamp'd near the place of Action, near 
which were several extensive fields of Corn k other vegeta- 
bles. About 6 o'clock p.m. the Infantry return'd k 
Encamp'd near the Main Army. 

The Prisoners further informed us, that the whole of 
their party had Subsisted upon Corn only, for this fortnight 
past k that they had no other Provision with them. And 
that their next place of Randevouze would be at Catherines 
town, an Indian village about 25 Mile from this place. 

Distance of March (exclusive of Countermarches) this day 
about 8 miles. 

Monday August 30 th , 

On account of the great quantities of Corn, Beaus, Pota- 
toes, Turnips k other vegetables, in destroying of which the 
Troops were imploy'd, and the rain, which sett in the after 
part of ye day, oblig'd us to continue on the ground for 
this day k night, the troops were likewise imploy'd in 
drawing eight days Provisions (comg.-l st day Sep r ). The 
reason of drawing this great quantity at one time was (how- 
ever inconsistent with that Oeconomy which is absolutely 
necessary in our present situation, considering the extensive 
Campaign before us and the time of consequence, it will 
require to complete it) the "Want of Pack-horses, for trans- 
porting the same and in order to expedite the great point 
in view, are oblig'd to substitute our soldiery for carrying of 
the same. 

From the great k unparalleld neglect of those persons, 
imploy'd for the purpose of supplying, with every necessary 
the Western Army, to enable them to carry through the 
important Expedition, required of them. Gen 1 Sullivan was 
at this early period (almost the beginning of y* Campaign) 
under the disagreeable nccessitv of Issuing the following 


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Colonel Hublcy's Journal, 17 70. 289 

Address to the Army, which was communicated by the 
Commanding officers to their Corps seperately viz'- 

General Sullicans A ddress. 

" The Commander in chief informs the Troops, that lie 
used every effort to procure proper supplies for the Army, 
and to obtain a sufficient number of Horses to transport 
them, but owing to the inattention of those whose business 
it was to make the necessary provision he faiPd of obtaining 
such an Ample supply as he wish'd, and greatly fears that 
the supplies on hand, will not, without the greatest pru- 
dence, enable him to complete the Business of the ex- 

" He therefore requests, the several Brigadiers and Officers 
commanding Corps, to take the minds of the Troops 
under their respective Commands, whether they will, whilst 
in this Country which abounds with Corn and Vegetables 
of every kind, be content to draw |- lb of flour i Ib meat 
and Salt p r Day. And he desires the Troops to give their 
oppinion with freedom, and as soon as possible. 

" Should the generaly fall in with the proposal he promises 
they shall be paid that part of the rations which is hold 
back at the full Value in Money. 

" He flatters himself that the Troop3 who have discovered 
so much bravery k firmness will readily consent to fall in 
with a measure so essentially necessary to accomplish the 
important purpose of the expidition, and to enable them to 
Add to the Laurelk they have already gain'd. 

" The Enemy have subsisted for a number of Days on Corn 
only, without either Salt, Meat or flour, and the General 
cannot persuade himself that Troops who so far surpass 
them in Bravery & true Valour will suffer themselves to be 
outdone in that fortitude and perseverence, which not only 
distinguishes but dignifys the Soldier. 

" He does not mean to continue this through the Campaign 
but only wishes it to be adopted in those places where 
Vegetables may supply the place of a part of the common 
vol. xxxiii. — 19 

290 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

ration of meat and flour, which will be much better than 
without any. 

" The Troops will please to consider the matter and give 
their oppinion as soon as possible." 

Agreeable to the above address the Army were drawn up 
(this evening) in Corps, seperately, and the same thro' their 
Commanding Officers made known to them, and their 
oppinions requested thereupon, when the whole without a 
decenting voice : chearfuly agreed to the Request of the 
General, which they signify'd by Unanimously holding up 
their hands and giving three Cheers. 

This remarkable instance of fortitude and virtue, cannot 
but endear, those brave Troops to all Ranks of People, more 
particularly as it was so generously & chearfuly entered into 
without a single decenting voice. 

Tuesday August 31 st . 
Took up our line of March in usual order, 9 o'clock a.m. 
March'd about 31 Mile thro' a broken & Mountainous 
Country, and an almost continual defile, on the East side 
of Cayuga branch, the West of the same for that distance 
was an excellent plain, on which large quantities of Corn, 
Beans, Potatoes k other Vegetables, stood, and were 
destroy 'd by us the preceeding day. We then cross'd 
Cayuga branch where it forks w h a stream of Water 

(running East & West) known by the name of 

and landed on a most beautiful piece of Country, remark- 
able level, on the banks of the same stood a small 
Indian Village, which was immediately destroy 'd, the 
Soldiery found great quantities of furniture if which were 
bury'd, some of which they carried off & some was destroy'd. 
About 2 o'clock p.m., we proceeded along the path which 
leads to Catherine's Town (an Indian Village) and leaves the 
Cayuga-branch on its left, about 5 o'clock p.m. we 
Encamp'd, on a most beautiful plain, interspera'd w h 
Marshes, well calculated for Meadows. Wood, chiefly pine, 
interspera'd with Ilayzel bushes, and great quantities o\ 
grass; distance of March this day 10 Miles. 


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Colonel Hubhy's Journal, 1779. 201 

Wednesday September 1 st 1779. 

About 9 o'clock a.m. whole Army moov'd in good order, 
on a level piece of ground. About 11 o'clock a.m. wo 
entered an extensive Hemlock Swamp, not less than G miles 
through, the path thro' almost impassable, owing to the 
number of Defiles, long ranges of Mountains, Ravines after 
Ravines, interspers'd with thick underwood & c . The 
Infantry with greatest dificulty got thro' about half past 
7 o'clock p.m., The remainder of the Army with the 
Pack Horses, Cattle & c were chiefly the whole Xight im- 
ploy'd in getting thro'. 

As the Infantry were approaching Catherines Town we 
were alarm 'd by the howling of Dogs, and other great noise, 
a few of the Riffle men were dispatch'd in order to recon- 
oitre the place, in the mean time we formed in two solid 
Columns and fix'd Bayonetts with possitive orders not a 
man to fire his Gun but to rush on, in case the Enemy 
should make a stand, but the riffle men who had been sent 
to reconoitre the Town return'd with Intiligeuce, the Enemy 
had left the Town. We then immediately altered our Dis- 
position, on account of the narrowness of the roads, and 
march'd in files thro' the first part of the Town, after which 
we cross'd the Creek in a field immediately opposite, were 
there stood a number of houses also, were we eneainp'd, 
and substituted the lumber of the nouses in room of fire- 
wood. On our arrival we found a number of fires burning 
and appear'd they had gone of? precipitately. 

This days march compleated 12 miles. 

Thursday September 2 nd . 
The Dismal situation of our Pack-horses & Cattle of which 
several were kill'd by falling into ditches and several 
otherwise disabled, in getting thro this horrid Swamp 
last evening, prevented our March this morning, the fore 
part of this day was intirely imployed in collecting them, 
which from their scattered and dispersed situation was 
attended with the greatest difficulty. 

292 Colowl Hublcy's Journal 1779. 

We this morning found an old Squaw, who we rappoee 

by reason of her advanced age, could not be carried off, and 
therefore was left to our Mercy. On examining her she iu- 
form'd us that the Indians on our approach last evening 
went off very precipitately, that the Women k Children had 
gone off in the Morning to take shelter in some Mountains, 
until the Army had pass'd them, that then Colo. Butler 
promised he would send back some Wariors, who should 
conduct them by byways, to some place of safety. She 
further adds that previous to the Squaw's going off there 
was great contentions with them and the Warriors, about 
their going off, the former had determin'd on staying k 
submitting to our Generosity, the latter oppos'd it, and 
inform'd them, that by such a step the Americans would be 
able to bring them to any terms they pleas'd, whereas did 
they go off they would have it in their power to come to 
more favorable terms, should a treaty at any time be offered. 
Catherine Town is pleasantly situated on a Creek, about 3 
mile from Seneca Lake, it contain'd near 50 houses, in 
general very good, the Country near it very excellent. We 
found several very fine Corn fields, which afforded the 
greatest plenty of Corn, bean &c. of which after our 
fatiguing march we had an agree ble repast. 

Friday September $ rd . 
After getting everything in perfect readiness, we took op 
our line of March, 7 o'clock this morning. The roads from 
this place for about one Mile, were rather difficult & 
Swampy. We then asscended a rising Country, which was 
in general level excepting a few defiles w h we had to pass, 
but were by no means dangerous or dificult, the lands are 
rich, abounding with fine large & clear Timber, chiefly 
White oak, Hickory, Walnut & Ash, bounded on the left 
for about 3 Miles with excellent Marsh or Meadow ground. 
After which proceeds the beautiful Seneca Lake which 
abounds with all kind of Fish, particularly, Salmon, Trout, 
Rock & Pearch, as also that which resembles a Sheep-head. 

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Previous to our leaving this place, the Squaw which \vn? 
taken here, was left, and a Hutt erected of which she took 
possession, a quantity of "Wood was also gathered & carried 
to the Hutt for her use, she was also provided with a quan- 
tity of Provision. All these favors had such an effect on 
her that it drew tears from her Savage Eyes. 

Its about 3 miles in breadth and about 40 miles in length. 
Upon the right, tho' considerably up the Country is 
another delightful Lake, call'd Kayuga Lake, abound? with 
all kinds offish also, and is about 46 miles in length. 

We proceeded along this beautiful Country about 12 
Miles and incamp'd near a Corn field, (on which stood 
several Indian Cabines), leaving between the Light Corp k 
Main Army an advantageous Ravine, & bounded on our 
left by Seneca Lake. 

Previous to our arrival here, the Indians who occupy'd 
the Cabines (already mentioned) probably discovered our 
approach, push'd off precipitately, leaving their kittles with 
corn boiling over the fire. During our march this day, we 
discovered several Trees with the following characters 
newly cut on them, by those Savages commanded by 
Brand & the Buttlers & with whom we had the action on 
29 th ult. 

[Explanation of Inscriptions on Trees.'] 

1. An Indian. How often that Nation went to War, and 
every stroke crossed thus + repres" their loss that year, 
were its thus +++-f-f+-f their loss of men as many as 

J-t" i" How many they have scalped of the white people, 

who were in arms. 

X X XXX Inhab* scalped who were not in arms — 

I | likewise represents the number of times at war. 

N°2 A Saplin the Top of which is twisted around the 

Body, signifying they were strong and united. 

294 Colonel Huhley's Journal, 1779. 

Saturday Sept. 4 th . 
On Acco' of the rain tins morning the Army did not 
moove untill about 10 o'clock a.m. we pass'd thro' a 
delightful level Country, the soil of which, very rich, the 
Timber fine & large interspers'd with Hazzel-bushes, line 
Grass & Pea-wines, on our march we discovered several 
fires burning, which fully intimated some of the Savages 
were not far in front of us, we destroyed several fields of 
Corn, and after a March of 13 Mile3 we Encamp'd in the 
Woods in the front of a very large JRavine, and about half a 
Mile from Seneca Lake. On Acco 1 of some difficulties with 
the Pack horses &c. the Main Army did not reach so far as 
the Infantry and Encamp'd about 2 Miles in their rear. 

Sunday September 5 th . 

About 9 o'clock this morning the Army moov'd thro' a 
Country much the same as Yesterday. About 12 o'clock 
we arrived at Candai about 3 Miles from last Encamp', 
Avere we encamp'd for this night. Previous to our arrival, 
we entered several Corn fields and furnish'd the Men with 
two days allowance of the same. The riflemen who were 
advane'd Retook a prisoner who was taken last year by the 
Savages on the East branch of Susquehanah. An Indian 
who lay conceaFd fired, but without effect on our riflemen 
& immediately fled. 

On Examining this prissoner, he informs us that Brand 
with near 1000 savages including Buttlers Rangers left this 
Town last Fryday seemingly much frightened k fatigued, 
that they were pushiug for Kanadasaga an Indian Village, 
where they mean to make a stand & give us Battle. He 
further informs us that exclusive of a considerable number 
of Savages kill'd & wounded in the Action of the 29 th Ulto: 
seven Tories were kill'd that all their wounded with some 
dead were carried in Canoes up the Cayuga Branch, that 
they allow they sustained a very heavy loss in that Action. 

Candai is much y 9 finest village we have yet come to. 
Its situated on a rising Ground in the midst of an extensive 

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Apple & Peach orchard, within half a mile of Seneca Lake, 
it contains about 40 well finished Houses, and every thing 
about it seems neat and well improved. 

In this Town we found several Tombs, most curiously 
painted & shap'd, which denotes some Capitol Warriors are 
buried in them. It likewise shows the great respect they 
pay their deceased. A description of one of the Capitol 
Tombs or monument is taken notice of. 

Monday September 6 th . 

The forepart of the day was intirely employ'd in hunting 
of our Horses & Cattle, a number of which were lost. 
About 2 o'clock we took up our line of March and moov'd 
about 3 Miles, were we encamp'd on a beautiful piece of 
Woodland (interspers'd with vast quantities of Pea Vines, 
which served for food for our horses &c) our rear covered 
by the Lake and our flanks by considerable Ravines. 

On the 4 th whilst on our March, several Officers Waiters, 
who had delay 'd in the rear, lost the path along which the 
Army moov'd, and towards night found themselves near an 
Indian village which had been previously evacuated, they 
found a quantity of plunder, which the brought oft', first 
putting the town in flames. A Captain and a party on 
their missing being sent in pursuit, and fell in with them 
as they were returning to the Encamping place occupy'd by 
the Army the preceeding day, and conducted them safe to 
the Army at Candai, 

An Express from Tioga w h Packets &c. for the Army 
arrived this day at Head-quarters. Received several letters 
from my friends. 

Tuesday Sept. 7 lh . 

At half past 7 o'clock the Army moov'd and airiv'd 
at the Head of the Lake, about 2 o'clock p.m. the Country we 
pass'd thro' was exceeding fine, and chiefly along the Water 
for 8J Miles. 

About 3 o'clock p.m. the Rifle & Infantry Corps, crose'd 
at the mouth of the Lake about knee deep and not above 

296 Colonel Hubhy's Journal J 779. 

30 yds. wide, on our arrival at the opposite shore we im- 
mediately entered a dangerous & narrow defile, bounded 
on the left by the Head of Sineca Lake, and on our right by 
a large Morass and slow, and at intervals well calculated to 
form Ambuscades. From every Circumstance, both a? to 
intelligence and the great advantage the enemy might have 
had from its situation, we fully expected an Attack. How- 
ever we moov'd thro' in files, supported by the two flanking 
Divisions and gain'd the other side, the Main Army then 
cross'd, and took our places. We then moov'd thro' a second 
defile, as difficult as the first, and form'd again, untill the 
Main Army possess'd themselves of the same ground we 
had just left. We then March'd and pass'd a third defile, 
and form'd in a Cornfield, near a large house, which was 
beautifully situated on the Head of the Lake, and generaly 
occupy'd by Butler, one of the savage leaders. 

The Light Corps fiank'd by the two flanking Divisions 
received orders, to moove and gain the rear of the Town. 
The Main Army took the Path, and March'd immediately 
in front of the same, but the Enemv no doubt having 
Previous notice of our Moovements, had abandoned the 
Town, which we entered about Dusk, leaving behind them 
a number of Bear and Deer skins, as also a fine White child 
about 3 years old. 

This Town is called Kanadasaga and appears to be one 
of their Capital settlements about it is a fine Apple Or- 
chard, and a Council House. There was in the neighbour- 
hood a great quantity of Corn beans &c, which after taking 
great quantities for the use of the Army, we totaly destroy \1. 
Burn'd the Houses which were in number about 50. and 
girdled the apple-trees. Distance of March this day about 
1 2 Miles. 

Wednesday September S th . 

This day we lay on our ground, the Rifle Corps, with 
several other parties were detach'd down the Lake to de- 
stroy a small village callM Gayhsiunqua and a quantity of 
corn &c. Fatigues partys were also imploy'd io destroy 

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Colonel Huhley's Journal, 1779. 297 

the Corn kc in this neighbourhood, and the Army prepared 
for a march early tomorrow morning. 

Various oppinions prevailed between many officers about 
our proceeding any further, on account of our Provision-, 
but Gen 1 Sullivan with a number of officers, nobly resolv'd 
to encounter every difficulty, to execute the important 
expedition, and determin'd, notwithstanding the horrid 
neglect in not furnishing us with Provisions, Horses ftc 
sufficient to enable us to carry thro' the expedition, even to 
proceed on with the scanty pittance, and accomplish the 
arduous task of destroying the whole Seneca Country. 

Thursday September 9 th , 

On account of a number of Pack-horses, which had gone 
astray & could not be found, the Army did not march at 
6 o'clock, agreeable to yesterdays orders. 

A command of 50 Men under a Captain return'd from 
the place to Tioga to Escort the sick and those who were 
not able to proceed without retarding the March of the 
Army, which is now under the necessity, on account o( 
our wants, to be as expeditious as possible, to complete the 
Expedition. All those Pack-horses which were lame or 
otherwise reduc'd, likewise return'd. 

About 12 o'Clock the Army march'd, their first rout 
was over bushy land, interspers'd with remarkable high wild 
grass, and appear'd to have been formerly clear'd, we then 
decended into an extensive Maple Swamp, which was very 
rich, and well calculated for Meadow, after Marching Seven 
Miles, we came to a Creek known by the name of Flint- 
creek, which the whole excepting Clintons Brigade croes'd, 
and Encamp'd on a plain which had been occupyM by the 
Enemy but a few days before, for the same purpose. Ins- 
tance of March 7 miles. 

The rifle-corps, who yesterday went to destroy Go./hsiunga, 
this evening return'd, they report it was a tine Town, well 
improov'd, with a great quantity of Corn near the same, 
likewise an abundance of Beans, Water mellons, Peachea 

29S Colonel Uubley's Journal, 1779. 

and all kinds of Vegetables, the whole of which they totaly 

Friday September 10 th . 

Eight o'clock tliis morning, the Army took up their line of 
March in the usual order, their rout about 4 mile continued 
through the Swamp, which in some places was miry & 
difficult for pack-horses, otherwise the foot would not have 
been much retarded. We then arrived on very tine ground 
for marching, which to appearance was old clear'd fields, 
as they contain'd a great quantity of Wild grass as high as 
the Horses in many places the land continued in this 
manner (alternatively having a strip of "Woods between), 
for about four Miles when we arriv'd at a Lake (the name I 
could not learn), which appear'd to be a mile wide, and six 
or seven miles in length we marelrd half a Mile along 
this lake and came to the mouth which we cross'd, the 
Water not knee deep, and about thirty yards over but it 
narrowed so fast that about twenty yards from the Mouth 
it was not in Width more than five, but much deeper, we then 
moov'dup a fine country from the Lake and in half a mile 
came to Kanadalaaqua a beautiful situated Town containing 
between twenty & thirty Houses, well finish'd chielly of 
hewn plank which we immediately burn'd, and proceeded 
about half a mile on our right, where we found large fields 
of Com, Squashes, Beans &c. at this place we encamp'd 
but were very bad off for Water, having none but what we 
sent half a mile for, and that very bad. The Seneca 
Country from its extreme flatness has no good Springs, 
which is extremely disagreeable for a Marching Army. 
Distance of March this day nine Miles. 

In this town a dog was hung up, with a string of Wampum 
round his neck, on a tree curiously decorated, and trim'd. 
On inquiry I was inform 'd it was a custom among the 
Savages before they went to War to oiler this as a Bacra- 
fice to Mars the God of War, and praying that ho might 
strengthen them. In return for those favours they promise 
to present him, with the skin for a Tobaccoe Pouch. 



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Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 290 

Saturday September 11 th . 

Agreeable to orders took up our line of march this morn- 
ing precisely at 6 o'clock, we moov'd thro' a thicket k 
Swamp, near one Mile before we gaiu'd the Main path, the 
Infantry on account of this difficult Swamp could not 
possibly march in the usual order without being consider- 
ably dispers'd. We moov'd along this path for about 3 
Miles, after which we asscended a rising ground, the 
Country remarkable fine & rich covered chiefly with line 
Oak & hickory timber, at intervals we cross'd considerable 
clear fields with remarkable high wild grass, about one 
o'clock we dessended into a most beautiful Valley within 
one Mile of an Indian Village known by the name of 
Anyayca, situate on a fine plain about half a mile of 
Anyayea Lake, which is but small and very beautiful, and 
abounds with all kinds of fish. This Town contains about 
twelve houses, chiefly hewn Logs, about it are several large 
Cornfields, and a number of Apple & other fruit trees. 
We encamp'd about 2 o'clock for this day, after compleating 
a march of 13 Miles. 

Sunday September 12 th . 

In order to expedite our March and prevent the Enemy 
from making off with their Effects from Jenisc, their 
Capital and last Town in the Seneca Country. Tt was 
determin'd a Garrison of 50 Men, with those soldier who 
were not very able to march, should continue at this post, 
in order to Guard Our Stores viz 1 Ammunition & flour, 
untill our return. 

The rain having set in very heavy this morning, we 
could not moove untill about 12 o'clock we then began our 
March, but ou account of a defile which we had to cross, 
could not march in the usual order, after passing the same, 
we took up our line of March as usual, and attended a 
rising piece of Ground, after marching about 5 mile we 
came to a Lake w b we cross'd at the Mouth, being about 

300 Colonel Euhley's Journal, J 779. 

knee deep & about 10 yards over, we then asscended 
another rising piece of Ground, compos'd of exceeding fine 
rich land, with large Oak & Hickory Timber, and at inter- 
vals with Marsh or Swamps, well calculated for Meadow 
Ground. After arriving within half a mile of Kr/nayh.ias, 
a small Indian Village (which was previously destined for 
this da}'s march) Xight sett in and the Main Army being 
at least a Mile in our rear we received orders to Encamp, 
for this night, which was in the Woods and exceedingly ill 
calculated for that purpose no "Water being nearer than 
half a Mile. This days march compleated 12 Miles. 

After we were Encamp'd Lieut. Boyd of the Rifle corps 
some Volunteers & as many rifle men as made up six <fc 
twenty in the whole set of to Reconoitre the town of Jenese, 
having for their Guide an Onieada Indian named Han-joit, 
a chief of that Tribe, who has been remarkable for his 
attachment to this Country having serv'd as a Volunteer 
since the commencement of the War. 

Monday September 13 th . 

This morning before daylight the general beat on which 
the Tents were immediately struck and in half an hour the 
Army march'd into the Town of Kanaghsas which con- 
tain'd about 10 houses, situate in a flat near the Head of a 
small Lake, The flat contain'd a great quantity of Corn & 
Vegetables of all kinds, which was remarkably well tended. 
At this place we halted to draw provisions dry beef (half 
allowance) and destroy the Corn & Town &c. 

Four Men of Lieut. Boyds party this morning return'd 
bringing information of the Town of Gaghsuguilahery (which 
they took for Jenesie) being abandoned about 12 o'clock we 
were alarm'd by some Indians firing and giving chase to 
M* Lod°:e and a few men who went forward to Survey, 
they wounded a Corp 1 who died next day and chac'd him 
until] one of our Camp Centinels iir'd on them and stop'd 
their career. 

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Colonel Uubley's Journal, 1779. 301 

Lieut. Boyd having retird from The Town of Gaghsugui- 
lahery to wait for the arrival of the Main Army, which was 
detain'd longer than lie expected he sent back two men to 
know the cause, these two men had not gone far before they 
discovered a few Indians ahead. They then retir'd & in- 
form'd Lieut. Boyd, who immediately with his party gave 
chase and followed them within about 2 1 Mile from the 
Main Army, were a Body of Savages of at least four or five 
hundred lay conceal'd, and probably intended giving the 
Main Army (the ground being favourable on their side) a 
fire & push of according to custom. AYho immediately sur- 
rounded him & his party, he nobly fought them for some 
considerable time, but by their great superiority he was 
oblig'd to attempt a retreat, at the same time leading & 
firing as his party Run. 

The Indians kill'd and in the most inhuman manner, 
tomhawk'd and Scalp'd six that were found, nine of the 
party has got safe in but Lieut 3 Boyd and Han-jost (the 
Indian already mentioned) with seven others are yet miss- 
ing, one of which we know is prissoner as one Murphy a 
Rifleman of the party who made his escape saw him in their 
possession. This Murphy is a noted marksman and a great 
soldier, he having kill'd and Scalp'd that morning in the 
Town they were at an Indian which makes the three & 
thirtieth man of the Enemy he has kill'd (as is well known 
to his officers) this War. 

There being a Swamp or Morrass totaly impassible for 
our horses in front of Kanaghsas. The Infantry k Ride- 
corps pass'd over and asscended the Hill where the Indians 
lay, in hopes to come up with them, but they had fled leaving 
behind them upwards of One hundred blankets, a groat 
number of IIatt3 and many other things, which we took 
and then halted untill the Main Army arrived, they having 
first been oblig'd in order to enable them to inoove, to throw 
a Bridge over the Morrass. 

The whole then took up their line of March and pro- 
ceeded to the Town of Gaghsuguilahory thro' the finest 


Letters of William Penn. 303 


[Originals in the Manuscript Department of the Historical Society of 

Dear Friends, 

My dear & unfeined love salutes you & y" desireing 
all y* wellfaire, here & hereafter the Bearer is one John 
Saxby a bred Scholler, capable of teaching the latin, Greek 
writing k Arethmatick very well, so y* either by hiraselfo 
if room or as instructor & M™ of learning under Christopher 
whos own business will rather be Superintendence* of 
manners & hous Goverm' I desire you to encourage <fc 
employ him, he has an accurate short way of teaching the 
latin w ch is very valuable he has a good name, & is an 
honest man, & t'will be wisdom as well as kindness & 
charity to indulge & encourage him ; hous room gratis, ye 
first winter will do something, there way because for that & 
if he be soon in employ he will do well enough, he also 
has a son an excellent Scribe to learn writeing assuredly 
y e Man has useful abilitys & a simplicity no more, but ye 
Lord be w th you w* his fear & blessings 

Your true frd 
Kensington Wm. Penn. 

7 th 6 mo 85 

For my esteemed Frds. T. Loyd, 
Tho: Holmes Secret 7 Markham & 
Wm. Hampton at Philadelphia. 

London 24 th 2 Mo 1686 
Friends : — 

With hearty good will aud good wishes for you A the 
people under your care know, I have writt to you Bererall 
times on occasion to which I never had any answear, nor 

304: Letters of William Perm. 

the least respect or Salute or testemony of it since my 
leaveing of you, I hope it is from the little want you have 
of me, which would be an exceeding joy to me, for if it 
should be from forgettfulness of me or remissness in y* duty 
to Govern) 1 I should be not a little Greived. I cannot, I 
dare not commend my skill, but my good will I am bold to 
say has been towards you with strong desires for j* pros- 
perity. I earnestly press to be with you but much ag*' my 
inclinations am kept back, & still may be some months, 
whatever you do, keep up vertue, punish vice, cherrish the 
people, be kinde to straingers, & above all lett ye widdow 
& orphant be your care, & god y fc is above man & has all 
pow'r in his hand, will bless & keep you, & I beseech him 
to doit. Two things I recommend to you, the demolishing, 
or rather filling up of those caves, k y 9 publick supply, ye is 
debtor enough to my circumstances. The Bearer hereof is 
a sober and ingeneous man, a lawyer, bred & of use to you, 
I have commis d him Attorney Genl of y* Province may. 
encourage him and as he deserves so preferr him. I say no 
more but y* I am 

Your Frieud to love & serve 
you in y e true end of my 
For the Presid* and place & station, 

the Provincial! Couns 13 Wm. Penh. 

at Philadelphia, 
by David Loyd. 


2 5 th 7 u>o itfsG— 
Friends — 

My last went by Cap' Dymond who I hear is well arrived. 
I intended you no more, for I resolved to have been the 
messenger of my own minde, but since the letters from the 
Province make so great a noise of the slight your neigh- 
bours make of the king's order to settle our limitts, tho. I 
had determined to have come by this ship, I thought it 
most fitt to have such an express Authority as should overr- 
ule and silence their objections, for being come on that 

Letters of William Penn. 305 

errand, I did not think it wise to returne without it, least 
after transporting my famely I should be brought under 
the necessity of goeing back to finish y* dispute. I do not 
doubt my success since this does but add to their unpleasant 
censures. This say'd (for there is nothing more desired by 
me after y e life of me k Myne then to be with you) I 
have this to add, that Insteed of disputes about laws and 
points of Government, such persons would study quit-* 
& y 8 means of supporting it, for as no govermt. can stand 
without it, so I will tell you that no interest of my own could 
have prevaled with me so painfully to have stemed the tyde 
of Quo warranto's & had not yours done it some busy body 8 
would have had their mouths stopped for good an all. It 
is not known to you w* I have run through & what time 
& mony have been expended in the Service of that pro- 
vince which makes me look upon that gross delusion of y* 
Merchants about the supply with out excuse. I do recom- 
mend that again to you, & expect it from you as wise k 
Just men, lett them be sent for & a due course taken for y* 
battle is without example and should not be made one now 
by your neglect. I need not uame the Persons to you y 1 
came to lay aside y* law for a supply, thos are y* men at 
whose door it must be had, for s 4 vallue promessed which I 
think was six hundred pounds at least. 

I hear that Christopher Tayrer is deceased, a Just man & 
a lover ofy e Province. I think James Claypole a ritt man for 
it, and therefore recommended him to be commissioned by 
you to continue dureing my pleasure, he wronging no body 
in y* charge. 

Lastly, I do most earnestly press you to love & peace. 
I hear the Country thrives but thos in Govenn 1 apt to tall 
out, a sorrow to me, a dishonour to the Province, & a 
ehame to themselves — be you Peacemakers, you are the 
great overseers of the peace, lett none break it & mark them 
y* are given to contention. I beseech Almighty God to 
inspire you with the Love of peace & truth, y 1 he may bU *a 
y° with lasting blessings, in whose bauds & disposal] arc ail 
vol. xxxiii. — 20 

Letters of William Pcnn. 

y* Kingdoms £ Provinces of the whole earth. Salute me 
to the people in some publick ordinance, £ inform them of 
my stay £ y e reasons of it, £ my Inclinations £ resolutions 
to be with you God permitting, by the first. This I mention 
be cause of y e impatiency of some for my return : but leave 
it to you to do it or not to do it, as you see an occasion for 
it, or no need of it. 

I did in my last mention the caves, the time is more then 
expired y e I gave them, wherefore stop them up, only 
accommodate strangers at first comeing especially y e poor, 
gratis, lett the sed pay moderately if any desire them. 

I have no more, but the remembrance of my reall love to 
yon, with fervent desires for y r prosperity everyway as my 
own, and when I say you, I mean the people in you, whom 
you represent. God direct yon, I am 
Your reall 

For the Pres ds Wm. Penn. 

and Provinciall 

Councell off 

Pennsylvania at 



The Kings absence by Progress shutting up all offices noth- 
ing can yet be done in our business, vale. 

Friends : — 

I greet you all with unfeined love, desiring your pros- 
perity every way as myne own. 

That which occasions this to you, is the eontinuall care 
that possesses my heart for your wise, just & dilligent 
administration of the Goverm 1 that is in your hands, for I 
well know the success of that Province is suilieiei.tlv wan-lit 
by friends £ foes, £ it much depends upon thos in powr, 
for I never heard of a Country used one nor made without 
them. Where a Magistracy is a terror to the evil! do ar a- 

Letters of William Penn. 307 

A praise to him that does well, all must goe well, since god 
by whom Kings raign & Princes decree Justice is engaged 
to preserve such a Country, and so great a coward is vice, 
that it can not long look vertue in the face, when it shines 
through the actions of Governours. Do not therefor I 
beseech you debase your noble calling by a low mean im- 
partial behavour, neither lett any privat concerns defraud 
the publick of your care & pains to serve it, for besides 
that thos neglects are of wors consequence, there is a singu- 
lar sort of recompence that will follow the publick spirited 
to do this well, sloth in any should not be drawn into 
example, but a just emulation ought to possess your brestfl 
since that is to lay up a more lasting store to your posterity 
both in v e siccht of v:od & vour ittst followers. And I can- 
not but say that if ever god bring me safely among you, 
as the Lewd & disorderly among the multitude, and the 
careless among thos in Govermt. will finde a due resent- 
ment in me of their unworthiness so assuredly, the 
virtuous and dilligent shall reap the fruit of what favour ft 
prefermen 1 I am capable to conferr upon them. Friends, 
this absence of myne is your try all, lett it not be a slight 
thing to you, it affects me at heart. Many eyes are upon 
you, «fc any miscarriage is aggrevated to a Mountain, and 
'tis not a faith without works that -will remove ye privat 
offences are made y e publicks, where the Publick does not 
punish them, and where they are*duely rewarded, the 
dishonour is prevented, & malice has nothing to work upon, 
for it is not the reproach of a Govermt. that any pellicular 
person under it or in it transgressed, but yt he is nut 
corrected. This is recommend to you with much sea] & eon- 
cernment of spirit, that the report of yt Justice may come 
with that of the offence God Almighty preserve you all. 

Next, It is your interest as well as reputation, to seek 
peace and ensue it. Keep down all contentions that may 
arise as much as you can for next sobriety, peace recom- 
mends any Goverm* for the one is not more virtuous then 
the other is wise. Remember that vour station obliges you 

308 Letters of William Perm. 

to be the light & Salt of the Province; to direct 6c season 
thos that are under you, by your good example. 'Ti3 not 
wealth or trade that Make3 a goverment great, the noblest 
examples of Goverm* that time has deliver'd down to ua 
had little of either, they are preferr'd to our Imitation for 
their sobriety, Peace, temperance, labour and equal admin- 
istration. This I am sure you may have in Poor Pennsyl- 
vania if you will; the climat is as fitt for it as any other in 
the world, 6c I know tis expected at our hands ; and lett me 
tell you, that it was the most Noble & prevaleing motive I 
had to take my lott in y* solitary part of the world, where 
there was room 6c opertunity for thos excellent methods of 
life 6c Goverment. that God would please to inspire you 
with zeal & resolution to endeavour so blessed & honorable 
a work; else what can be expected but the faults & Judge- 
ments that attend & mine other places; which would make 
my heart sad, and alianate my love from that place of the 
whole earth, that is left beloved by me, & I long the most 
to be at, 6c where I pray & hope my god will graceously 
please to bring me in his time. 

In the next session of your Gen 11 Assembly, pray vew 
your laws well, & see w* are needless or inconvenient, espe- 
cially y 1 about advancing y e rate of mony in which we do 
but (hazardously) cheat ourselves I fear. 

Next, I would have you take care that no offence be given 
to the Kings officers, but that you treat them with respect & 
rather suffer ourselves than defraude him of his dues, for 
what is his, it is with me matter of Conscience that he 
should have it. I speak as to his customs k y* regular way 
of trade the laws of England have provided for that purpose. 
I do recommend to you a law for stateing factors accompta 
whereby employers here may see y e Govenn* - care in their 
right, want of yt with olds some thousands of pounds from 
the province, they are willing to allow out of y* gain at 
least 10 Pet for examination, so y a Commissioners for y' pur- 
pose provides. 

The society is a great Reproach to y* Province, & in no- 

Letters of William Perm. 300 

thing more then not sending an account of the debt' k 
cred r which I stayd there so long & lett so often for, k law 
effected. That itself was mislay'd or lost or designedly 
kept back after all y' pains, so y* my own credit, y 1 1 saw it 
k y« totall of debt 6000 lbs. odd hundred & y e cred* 9000 lb. 
odd hundred pounds, was all they had to rest upon, ft cer- 
tainly merchands & traders y* trust not themselves, but their 
books, had little reason to give me that respect pray call 
the President or chief officer before you on my complaint, 
order him to transmitt a faithful account. I writt to them to 
transmitt y 6 goverm 1 of it hether, w ch would serve the Prov- 
ince, content the present rich members here, k encourage 
others to come in for fresh stock can only save it with fresh 
and other methods. 

I long time writt you word of my success agst y* Lord 
Baltim" but y e chief letter I suppose may be lost in Conway, 
who playd ye villian & carried y e people to Bermudas k 
there left or sent them to a wors place, not Cap 1 Conway 
that comes to Maryland but an Irishman y* to drownM his 
name, y' I believe was O'Coner, called himselfe by y" name, 
I hear he is gone a privateering. 

I shall last of all mention to you y l which seems most to 
concern my selfe,& but touch upon it neither, first, that no 
care is yet taken to supply me according to y* Marchants 
engagem 1 in so much y l one there y* left mony in my hands 
here, would not gett twenty pounds to answear his occasions 
among you, w ch was very odd, the River did much more 
before I came into it, secondly, that nothing is done towards 
a future establishrn d Go verm 1 must be for want of it, coin- 
plants come by every winde, this cannot be if the Persons 
concerned are not supported in y 9 administration of it, they 
will run to their famelys k farms so y l have as little of 
Goverm* as can be desired with any safety to y e publick, 
but meriB expences must be born k their time Consider'd for 
I can do no more then I have done for you of y f kinde. 

And now I have said all this, I have only to wish you to 
live well with your neighbours, especially about scrsants y 

310 Letters of William Penn. 

run away. That you shutt up y* caves of Philadelphia to 
prevent clandestine loosness, and Stier up y r Magistrates to 
minde sobriety there & every where, that by a conscientious 
discharge of your duty to god and man, you may provoak 
others to do the like in their inferior stations, for since 
people are less under Notice & so more left to themselves 
in the wilderness of America, then in thes more planted & 
crowded parts of y e world, so they have more need to watch 
over themselves & become a law to themselves, that the 
great god by whom we live, move & have our being, may 
not be provoked to desert us, but by a virtuous regard of 
his blessed & eternal! law in our hearts, we may engage his 
powr & goodness in our preservation & success, that happy 
days we may live & good deaths we may dye, k finde a 
better world when we shall leave this & be here no more so 
prays and would hope 

Your trulv loveing- Friend 

Wm. Fexx. 
To The Councill. 1686. 


Dear Robert Turner, — 

With my dear & ancient love In the truth to thee t 
thyn, and all y* truly love & feare the Lord, know this is 
cheifly to inclose a lett* from G. F. to y e I haveing writt 
largely and fully by Ed. Blackfan, k I hope w 1 I have said 
therein will not be matter of grief to thee I suppose thou art 
married, I wish thee comfort every way, I think her a sober 
and accomplisht young woman. The Lord bless you k all 
his people w* his grace Mercy & peace, y* you may flourish 
to his praise & y r groat rejoyceing. 

I desire to take care my letter now sent to be read and 
observed, my present condition either as to my privat affitirea 
or y e publick, in w ch I have had no little concern o( late, at 
present are a stop to me. Frds unwilling & y* K. ft some 
of his Ministers not very encliuable to part w' 1 me till this 
Liberty of Conscience be established by an apeal of all thoa 

Letters of William Peiui. 311 

laws ye K. has so tenderly suspended ; but this to thy selfe, 
I sent T. Loyd for Frds. y e declaration some addressed ft 
Pamphletts written on this occasion for y r Information to 
\v ch I referr tliee. Meetings never larger nor better, a 

blessed Gen 11 meeting this year. I shall add no more here, 
but my sincere love and y* I am 

Thy Cordiall Frd. 

Wm, Pbw, 

My wife's love is to 
y e & thyne & Moth r 

P.S : — I would not have thee make words about G. F's 
words of Tho. Budd, had I been w th him he had lett it 
alone for tho Thomas was rash in a passage or two, yet y* 
book is universally liked as to American matters, hut G. 
has been disturbed partly by S. J & T. B' standing agst. 
Bill & him for upholding him & partly by y e Gen 11 enimya 
America but for y' other matter they are well and it is his 
proper element, in w ch he has his honour of thos y* honour 
God. Vale. 

25 th of ye 7 th moneth 1GS9 

Next to the grief y* has afflicted me, by reason 01 Mis- 
understanding between thee & my friends, that of being not 
able to tell you both so, has been y 9 greatest for about 4 
davs after y e Pensylvania Merch 1 savled away an embargo 
came out and bv it and y e want of man bj reason ot \ " 
great press for y e navy (being a war with France on \ e score 
of this revolution) the tryal has not been able to get away, 
in the mean time many letters from thee and other frienda 
are come to my hands, and several people arrived, by all 
which I see all my hopes frustrated and y e dawninga I had of 
an happy agreement between thee and my friends, overcast 
with y e sharpest animosity imaginable, which is so much y r 
more unhappy as it has gratityed our emulous nigbboura 
w r ith occasion to toss us about here into many places and 
companys, with some contempts and my circumst 

312 Letters of William Penn, 

being not so shining as a while since my enemys to be sure 
have made y c worse of it. The Consideration of this and 
thy repeated desire to leave a station that is so uneasy to 
keep and to execute, hath att last brought me to resolve 
though with some reluctance to answer thy request and ease 
thee of that burden, but upon y e terms of taking thee to 
myself for after y e Idea I conceived of Cap e Blackwell as an 
honest, virtuous & able officer in government, I cannot 
bring myself to lett him goe, and if I have any power with 
him, let something else enter taine him, against y* natural or 
other inconveniences of y c place, and y e country to be short 
and free to, I have sent two commissions about settling y e 
government there in Condition, that may please y e gener- 
ality, let them be the chosers, either of them shall satisfy 
me, for thyself, I have made thee my Receiver general of 
y e Province and territorys, which in my opinion is a better 
condition of life, considering y e little occasion of expences, 
there will be in y c discharge of those trusts. 

I therefore desire thee to quit that place thou art in, 
as a man that sought it, and let y e Prov. Coun 11 k nov- 
as much, and betake thyself with an Equal Zeal and 
diligence to y e other employment, and let me see some 
face of my poor affairs of which I have not recovered 
one tittle or farthing, my lot having been hitherto to 
get nothing from thence but bills of exchange, which with 
difficulty I got pay'd. 

I both desire and empower thee to be supervisor of my 
plantations, houses, servants, stock, growths and emprove- 
ments, and to direct my people what to doo therein, in 
which I dessign only to secure and preserve what is done, 
and finish what is begun for having lost att present my 
Irish Estate, and receiving not a penny from the exchequer 
since this revolution, I must be as thrifty as is possible, 
especially having some dents upon me. 

If it be agreeable to thee to live at my plantations, the 
house and gardens are at thy service, but what fruit- or 
roots are not used I would have the gardener that is coming 

Letters of William Penn. 813 

over (not y e same) to dispose of them as advantageously as 
he can for my use. 

I would have but a little family, indeed none but y* 
blacks and one I send with y e gardner for that wou'd but 
draw guests, thou will find a small stock there I fear, to 
what I left, pray inquire into all and let me have an exact 
accoumpt, sparing no body for Xation, Religion or relation. 
Capt nc Blackwell I remember thee as a man that hath had 
a savour of Religion of old Days, that I must not forget 
and lett despite thou art also a man of repute with those 
that know thee, and has had a caracter of a superior sort, 
as all this I confide in thee, and desire to continue thee if 
thou pleasest be as kind to all as thou Canst with justice, 
divulge not the state of my private affairs now committed 
to thee till I know all, unless the parties concern'd are 
unreasonable and even then, be judiciously rather then 
ressentingly firm, bear this from me for I am thus plain 
because I love thee much, and remember that I tell thee 
that a reserved behaviour and an intereness to thy present 
trust will be an indication to thee above Volumes, and shew 
thee in an aimable Colour, it will be thy turn then to see 
faults and thy abilities will shine less emulously in this 
third capacity. 

My cosen Blackfan cometh not, but hath sent to y* 
account of things at Pennsbury as Receiver General, which 
is to be treasurer of our small treasure, take an account of 
all my demeans and moveables, as well as of all my rents, 
fines &c, by y e Secret-™ office, and that of y e Survey' and 
Master of y e Roles & thou wilt be able to make a right 
charge upon y c tenants, and consequently a true rent Role; 
and for the ould inhabitants they must be summoned by an 
order from y e Commiss" to bring in a true account of their 
several holdings by which tho wilt and y' old record- be 
enabled to charge them and compleat the Rols, I rexnembei 
Capt" Markam once since I came, sent me a handsome 
list, but it might not be perfect, especially now, tor that 
was soon after his last arrival, things have been very rare 

314 Letters of William Pcnn. 

about my stores, as well as rents ; revew all and bring things 
into a plain account and method, and of that I shall say no 
more here. 

For y c Register Generals place thou wilt find I have left 
great room, and it will be y e foundation for thy desirable 
bank, and many things may be with time grafted upon 
it, I wish thee a Comfortable advantage in it, by a good 
improvement of it. Thy old friend Roberts as a token of 
bis friendship wou'd present thee with some model for y e 
better regulating our little revenue which cometh here 
with, I leave it to thy judgement and experience to add, 
diminish or to change but the fault I find is, it is too im- 
proved for our noneage and early time of y e day, yet y e 
Provincial judges may serve for y c Chamber, as he calls it, 
the Secretary may draw draughts instead of an atturney, y c 
M r of y" Roles may be y e Auditor general and thou art y e 
Receiver General which the last named is y e first in quality, 
but if y 9 checks be fewer, and it lye in a narrower Compatt 
it may doo very well, of which I know thou art an able 

I have also an interest in both y* Jersyes, in AVest Jersey, 
besides my concern in Salem a tenth (managed by one 
James Xevel a shrewd man, and who cometh under the 
Province) I have two proprieties in right of Will. Hague k 
Da" Waite of London and I would have my share of each 
propriety taken up, though it were remotely, provided j* 
same were near navigation att least for one propriety and 
y c Land of y e other any where in a good place up y e freshes. 
In East Jersey one Cap : Berry will assist where I have ^ 
of the whole, give him my Salutes and let him know that I 
recommend his request to y e proprietors Lest he hath my 
order to take up my proportion, I know not what he has 
done in it, this I press but iu ye Second place yet it will 
very naturally fall under the Care of a Receiver and over- 
seer general. 

I must recommend to ye government the Case oi the 
widdows Jeff and Whitpaineiu which believe me y* honour 

Letters of William Penn. 315 

of y* Province is deeply concerned, especially the last, 
because of her husbands Creditors whose expectations an 
much from you there. 

Sam* 1 Bersant left a Child there, that was att mv charsn - 
but I think it must be maintained by the Community, it is 
y e Grand Mothers desire he should be sent over by y* Grst 
opportunity that is safe as if there Cometh a fleat with a 
Convoy from Virginia or New York or y c like. 

Being my receiver general I need not to recommend thee 
the payement of thy self which Indeed I had ordered my 
Cosen Blaekfan had he goue, as now by long delays and 
his wife's indisposition he declineth, but if thou canst got y* 
people to pay y e , as in justice they ought, it would be the 
better att least out of the 600 lb. they owe me. I desire thee 
to press that upon them as a debt due upon publick faith, as 
thou art mv receiver general. 

I shall conclude with my fervent resolution to be with you 
by Gods help, by y e very first door that his Providence 
opens, and with syncere prayers to God for all your pros- 
perity wishing peace and happiness to abound among you. 

Thy reall & affect Frd. 
Captaine Blackwell. ¥m. Penn. 

London 15 ,h T mo 90. 
My ffriends. 

It is very strange to me and all else I have not heard a 
word from you since the chainge of affairs there. I know 
not what to term it, till I know -the cause. I cannot learn 
ther were any letters in the tryall for me (\v ch is taken pp. j " 
french) so yt I am wholy in the dark nor has goner' Mark- 
ham given me any account of the province thea twelve 
months past, tho I have writt by every opertunity I knew 
off I cannot finde that either Doctor Cox or Ld. Baltimore 
are so used. I shall say nothing of business for many reas. >iid 
till I hear from you, but I am well and at Liberty and wish 
you heartily well, y* piety peace k plenty may attend J 
whatever I lose or suffer by tins voyage tor England k 

316 Letters of William Penn. 

here w ch is so fair from my choice that it is & has been y* 

affliction of my Spirit as often as I have had it in my minde 
& yt is dayly, I think I may say I am 

Your true Frd 

Wm. Pexn. 
P.S. pray reflect upon y e hardship I am under about Capt 
Blackwells 3 bills of exchainge for y c residue of his salery 
who had never chose him. If ah others had not refused 
y* were iitt for it. If you will pay nothing of it, pray lett 
6 years quit rents, yt amount to above 2000 lb. a great deal, 
be able to do it without suffering me to be ground k opprest 
w th yt demand here yt borrow my bread to live by means I 
can get nothing thence & my estate in Irian d of 1000 lb. 
of ould rents has for neer two years yeilded me not a 
penny as I may say lett me desire you to tinde out some 
way to make me easy remember ye 600 lb. & your prom ess 
of assisting me in this journey, I mean not all y e time of 
my being here, ye minutes of your book will explaine it. 
y e Lord direct & preserve you. You are happy if you 
knew it I am &c 

W. P. 

London lOmo. 4 th day 1690 
Esteemed Friends. 

I greet you all & wish you heartily well the Bearer I 
send y* he may look after my house & gardens &o. to see 
y* things be kept in some degree of orders. He will be in- 
dustrious and careful, & w* y e blacks or black there keep 
themselves upon y* plantation & to Spare. lie may also 
help Keith to gather in y e rents to save charges w th I once 
more press you to put Sam 11 Jenings to get In w th all speed 
k to be improved at this time of Islands Low A miserable 
estate by a quick market to y c Islands <fcc : Lett the Bearer 
John Phille have a copy of y" part of Sam 11 Jenings Instruc- 
tions w cb relates to y e houses gardens &c at Pennsberrv. I 
intend to give him five pounds this mony yearly or . 
y* first year, he is to serve me four years for I \ :iy bis | 

Letters of William Penn. 317 

age but of this you need say little to him. 1 have writt at 
large by G. Hethcot to you & ye Goverm 1 w*' I hope will 
finde you all well as they left me every day makes lae wish 
me & myn more & more w th you, for a dark cloud ha 
over these parts also I will add no more, but my unfeined 
love to you <fc friends, & ye people in generall, remaining 

Your true Friend 
¥m. Penh. 

I was cleered at Westminster again ye 28. 9mo. & 2 or 
3000 more tho y e man be ancient he is fresh & trusty k 
stayd w eh is much, I am willing ould John go. I sent him a 
token by G. Hethcot — yrs. 
To my trusty and Beloved 
friends Wm. Markham 
lit. Turner, John Goodson & 
Sam 11 Carpenter com" of 
Propriety at Philadelphia. 

Eng. 13 ;h 4 mo. 91 
Friends — 

I was very perticular to you in Myn last winter, & shall 
only add that I desire your great care & dilligence in 
generall according to directions already given. And be not 
weary for I hope it is & will one day appear a well doing, to 
be helpfull to me especially at this Juncture. The Right- 
eous god knows, I stayd here to do good yt others as well 
as myselfe & more then myselfe thought nobody else could 
do so well, or I had mad easy shift back to y e Poor people 
& my own Languishing Interests when I took back. 1 am 
ready to say w h myn & the Country by my not being with 
y m all this while yee god can he sees no base, sinister or 
evil designes or Interests have swav'd or governed me 
therein to whose hand I submit in my present circumstances 
& upon w ch I only rely to be discharged from y 3 . 

My love to y e People, be not at all daunted, but goe on 
as before & pertieularly eye my childrens Interest Live in 

318 Letters of William Perm. 

Love & let virtue & indistry thrive among you <fe myself e. 
I have many enimys but some frds. <fc ye one are so as much 
of Ignorance as Spright & y e other know me, 6c by patience 
& time (I doubt not but) God will clear up my Innocency 
& show I am more deserve! ng then culpable. I have writt 
to y Goverm* read theirs & lett y m read this. Avoid all 
charges up hold w* is, but as in my last augment nothing at 
y e plantation ther is a groundwork already for much con- 
trivance & expence when I am there w ch nothing shall 
terrefy me or allure me from, when it shall please God to 
free me from my present trouble. I add no more but my 
unfeined love & y* I am, sincerely 

Your Loveing frd 

Wm. Penn. 

(To be continued.) 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1173-1783. 319 


[The Historical Society of Pennsylvania has recently received, by 
of Mrs. Sally Fisher Lewis, a valuable collection of letter-books, docu- 
ments, and miscellaneous manuscripts, belonging to Thomas Wharton, 
a prominent merchant of Philadelphia. The letter-books are ofespe* ial 
interest, for they contain much data that relate to social and politic ;d 
affairs of the Province ; to the extensive land enterprises in which Mr. 
Wharton, his brothers, and his friends were interested ; and to some 
facts connected with the return of the "Tea Ship " to England.] 

Philadelphia Nov. 30, 1773. 
Dear Brother, 

I wrote thee on the 19 th Inst : under cover to 
our friend St rah an via Liverpool, which I hope will come 
safe to hand, as it contained some matters I could wish thee 
to be informed of, since when I have not had the pleasure 
of receiving any of thy favours. By the Reports here 
spread, we are told, that the Tea-Ship for this port Boiled 
the 27 th September, and is therefore hourly looked for; 
this occasions severe speeches and Declarations, that, it 
never shall be landed, and threats are throw'd out, ol 
destroying the property; to such a pitch of zeal are BOine 
people rais'd, that I fear the worst. The last Tost brought 
information, that, on Governor Tryon's declaring he had 
received orders to land and protect it, the inhabitants of 
New York have entered into a resolution not to injure the 
Property, but that they will neither buy nor use it, the 
Agents are all compelled to an absolute Resignation, and I 
have been assured that letters from thence say that, when 
Kelly's Efhgy was carrying about and hung, B. B. stood w 
most miserable chance of sharing the same fate, but \\ . - 
saved by the Mayor and some more Magistrates, who m al 

320 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1783. 

to his assistance. What will he the issue here I know not, 
for it does not seem to me that there is resolution enough 
in the Executive branch of Government to protect the 
Property. I really dread the worst. As for J k D they 
are in a bad situation and have no chance of saving them- 
selves but by an absolute Resignation and add to that they 
have lost the affection of their fellow Citizens by their want 
of an explicit conduct. I wish thou could learn of Pigon 
what they have from time to time wrote, and if possible get 
extracts thereof. 

Since my last, to secure an habitation for sister I have 
bought John Malcolm's house and lots for £1550., the deed 
I expect will be signed tomorrow, and I shall pay a £1000. 
down, and £250. in 12 months, and £300. in 24 months, 
this I mean solely for thou knows who; I am assured the 
house cost him £2500 and is better furnished than most 
houses in the city. I hope it will prove an acceptable act. 

G. Morgan returned a few days since from fort Pitt, and 
say that G. Croghan had held a kind of a treaty with the 
Indians and was distributing of goods to them, which he 
says, he was told by a person who saw the letter, were 
purchased in consequence of a letter sent him by you, 
signed by L d G., L d C., T. Walpole, thyself and two others 
— that the Indians were very peaceable. 

J. Dobson is now here having sent for him to take up 
some money to G. Croghan to defray the provisions accounts 
of those Indians, and he having lately seen sonic very 
substantial persons lately returned from that country, is 
assured that the country is thickly settled for 150 miles 
below fort Pitt, they have erected two good Grist Mills, 
and have large quantities of winter grain in the ground. 

Some companies have (its said) located large tracts, the 
Principals of which reside in this city. 

As I fear much trouble from the surveys which Col. 
Washington has made about the great Kenhawa, I beg thy 
particular attention thereto, and that thou' 1 obtain from 
Government such orders as shall settle clearly his claims 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 321 

with all others who have lately made their surveys, as be 
assured many score thousand acres have within these few 
months been surveyed below the Scales. 

As nothing that I know of can so greatly advance the 
sale of the lands as a Loan Office, it would certainly he of 
the greatest consequence to settle this point with our great 
partners before thou leaves England, that they may give 
such assistance as lays in their power, and if possible obtain 
leave for the Governor to pass such a law. 

Thy family and relations are well, I remain 

thy affec t Bro:— 
To Samuel Wharton. Thomas Wharton. 

Philadelphia Decern 6 . 24, 1773. 
Dear Friend, 

The arrival of this days post from N. York brought us 
such accounts from Boston as have alarmed the thoughtful, 
considerate mind, and I am truly sorry that matters have 
been drove to such extremes, as I fear it will tend still fur- 
ther to widen the unhappy breach between the mother 
country and colonies; it is needless for me to enter into a 
detail of the facts, as the enclosed paper setts the transac- 
tion in a clear light. It is positively asserted that the in- 
habitants of 1ST. York are determined the Tea shall not he 
landed with them, notwithstanding Gov r Tryons intimation 
that it shall. You doubtless will know before this can 
reach you of the conduct of South Carolina, that the agents 
have resigned, and that the ship with the tea sailed from 
thence for London. 

As neither the tea ship for this place or York is yet 
arrived, nothing certain can be said but the best I expect is 
that the Ships will proceed back to England, for I have 
long since seen, that, the attempting to land the same, would 
be the certain loss of the property, And indeed if any thing 
could stimulate me to resign in the early manner I did, it 
was, a belief, that after I had done my duty to my country, 
I could with more certainty and effect, serve the HV-n*' 1 ' the, 
vol. xxxiii. — 21 

322 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1783. 

East India Company. Should the intelligence now com- 
municated, not have reached you before this I beg thou'l 
please to take the most early opportunity of informing the 
Hon ble the Director of it. 

I remain kc &c, 

Thomas Wharton. 
To Thomas Walpole Esq r . 

Philad; Dec: 29, 1773. 
Respected friend, 

I wrote thee by Campbell on the 25 th & 26 th inst. who then 
returned with the writ to remove the action against Major 
"Ward into the Supreme Court, and as thou expressed thy 
desire for money to replace what thou had laid out for pro- 
visions for those Indians who assembled at Fort Pitt. I sent 
thee by said Campbell, oue hundred and sixty pounds in cash 
to answer that purpose, which I hope will be safely delivered 
to thee with my letters, as therein is said who furnished it. 

I have now the pleasure to enclose thee a letter from 
Bro : Samuel, which came to hand by the November Packet 
last night. He informed me in my letter, that they had ob- 
tained a fresh order of the Privy Council to the Attorney 
General for perfecting the grant, and doubted not that it 
would be soon done, but as I suppose that he has been pretty 
full on this head, I need say no more. He likewise men- 
tioned that he had given this order to draw on me for £150, 
and as I suppose its to repay for the provisions &c : had for 
the Indians, the money we sent by Campbell will answer 

that end. 

I remain thy friend 

Thomas Wharton. 
To George Croghan. 

Phila : January 1. 1774. 
Dear Brother, 

The letters which I have some time since wrote thee, and 
those to the Hon** 1 * T. Wftlpole must have advise! you of 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1788. 323 

the disposition of the inhabitants of these Colonies respect- 
ing the ten — I sincerely wish, that no blame may fall on my 
brother, for the part he has taken in the exportation thereof, 
the arguments thou has made use of, that the Indian Com- 
pany pay the duty, especially if it could be settled by bilk 
drawn on the directors, may look passable to you, but no such 
alternative is admissable by the Americans because they 
contend, that no power on earth has a right to tax them but 
their own Assemblies and as long as the India Company do 
make the duty a part of the first cost (which they have in 
directing that the Bohea tea shall not be sett up to sale 
under 2/ per Sterl'g) the people who purchase at that price or 
upwards pay the duty ; these with other reasons have in- 
duced the Americans to give this measure the warmest op- 
position. And although I never could 6ee the justice of 
refusing the tea to be landed, but have in all companies, 
and on every occasion spoke my sentiments, that every 
Englishman has a right to import his property agreeable to 
law into America, and that, the refusing this plain and just 
right to the India Company is a violation of their privileges 
as English subjects — but its to little purpose to oppose the 
voice of the multitude. On the 21 st Capt Ayres set sail 
from hence with his ship for London having on board the 
exact cargo she left London with, and with the ship G. 
Barkley returns. He will give thee a very particular ac- 
count how he found matters — I had only him to write our 
friend AValpole by that vessel, all being very much hurried, 
as the vessel staid but two days with us, and as I had not a 
doubt, if thou should be in London when the ship arrived, 
that he would communicate the whole to thee. Indeed my 
hopes for several months past, that thou had left England 
has caused me to write but little to thee ; but as thou'] find 
by perusal of the letter to T. Walpole my sentiments re- 
specting some men, and my earnest desire is (should the 
India Company think fit to send this tea to America after 
the duty is taken oil') that Willing and Morris should he in 
the nomination, that I hope thoifl do all in thy power to 

324 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 

serve them with Jno Brown, G. Barclay & I & I. W. It has 

afforded me a great deal of pain to see that J. k D. could act 
the ungrateful] part they have done, having absolutely agreed 
with us to give the answer to the people we did with J. B. 
instead of which they grave so ambiguous an one, as to render 
them dispised by their fellow Citizens; refuse to unite with 
us, either in answering the Directors letter or those received 
from the other Agents at Boston, unless we would insert 
the dates of our respective resignations, from whence most 
clearly appears their want of candour both to the public and 
the other Agents, as thou'l fully be satislied with on peru- 
sal of the papers sent to T. Walpole & G. Brown Esq that 
I cannot wish longer to be united with them ; I doubt not 
they have endeavoured to gloss their conduct over with 
Pigon, but let a dispassionate man read their answer, the 
Committees report and J. & D.'s explanation and the Com- 
mittees reply with their last declaration of Dec. 2 nd and de- 
termine whether its possible those men have acted a candid 
part either to the public or their fellow agents. I beg 
thou'l know what they write the Directors, and get a copy 
thereof; thou has no conception of the light in which their 
conduct is viewed by the inhabitants ; they never so much as 
offered Capt Ayres the least assistance. ATe with J. Brown 
advanced him what money he wanted to victual his ship, 
&c: — and as poor Gilbert returns with the Ship, I leave him 
to give the further account of matters. My chariot, though 
it might befit to visit Pine Street meeting in, must once more be 
landed in Brittain, and thereby share the same fate with 
every other article on board the ship. I have enclosed the 
bill of lading therefor with the receipt for thy box to our 
friend Walpole, should thou be on the spot I doubt not 
thou'l order them as thou'l think best. 

I have now the great satisfaction of acknowledging the 
receipt of thy favor of November 3 rd and most siiuerely 
congratulate thee on surmounting the new difficulty started 
by the Attor 7 General and most ardently wish thou may be 
in possession of the grant, before the arrival of the full 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1118-1783. 325 

accounts respecting the conduct of the Americans touching 
the tea, as I fear it will strengthen our enemies to oppose 
the completion thereof. I hear the Doct. has wrote J. G. 
(which I shall as soon as I can see him know the truth of) 
that if the Americans refuse to receive the tea, but send it 
back, it will more over-sett the ministry than any thing that 
could happen, but if they tamely receive the same and 
thereby submit to the duty, it only is the beginning of their 
trouble &c : — He does not mention one word to him respect- 
ing Yandalia, therefore I suppose he had not heard of your 
last move. 

I beg thou'l excuse the roughness of this letter, as its not 
possible for me to copy it, my present engagements public 
k private deprive me of suitable time to do it. Thy family 
are well & I remain 

Thy affec : Brother 

Thomas Wharton. 

To Samuel Wharton. 

Phila» January 4, 1774. 
Dear Brother, 

I wrote thee per packet and under cover to the IIon* bU 
T. Walpole on the l rt instant which will naturally make 
this epistle short, yet I thought I could not let the oppor- 
tunity slip without saying thy connections are well. 

By a vessel from Charlestown their appears some reason 
to apprehend the people there will receive the tea, notwith- 
standing the resignation of the Agents & positive agreement 
of the people who met together to oppose the receipt of it. 
It here is alledged that the cause of the alteration is, their 
fear of losing the bounty on Indigo and that the exports of 
their rice to foreign ports may by Act of Parliament be 
forbidden. This intelligence is not yet reduced to a cer- 
tainty, but I fear as they have admitted the vessel to an 
entry, that, if the opposition to the landing continues, it 
will cause the tea to fare the same fate as at Boston. The 
tea ship for New York was not arrived when last post left 

326 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 

that place ; but there is no reason to believe it will be 
landed. We have the disagreeable news, that the Gov- 
onor's house within the Port of X York is destroyed by 
fire, and it was with much difficulty that, the family escaped. 

I shall be much obliged if thou can bring me over a 
single man who understands the care of horses, and that of 
driving a carriage with a box, as I stand in need of one. 
I would contract with him for 5 or 6 years and give him 
£15. curr 7 . per anum with his accommodations; I would 
not have too tall and lusty, but should prefer a light person, 
I doubt not thou'l attend to his character for honesty and 

As Capt Ayres in the tea ship sett sail from hence on the 
28 th ult with his whole cargo a board to return for London, 
I did myself the pleasure of writing to Tho s Walpole by 
her, who I doubt not communicates the contents to thee, I 
shall not now enlarge on that subject. 

I have seen Geo. Morgan and read to him that part of 
thy letter relative to the accounts against the Crown and 
Col. Wilkin which he has been preparing, but this vessel 
sailing before it was expected, hinders us now of forward- 
ing them. But its right for mo to mention that G. Morgan 
said that those accounts which were delivered to Col. 
Wilkin and by him (he supposes forwarded to Gen rl Gage) 
do not contain by a great deal the amount of your demand 
on the Crown, it will therefore be right for thee to mention 
this at the proper Office, least when those aecountts from 
York should get home, they may be passed to your great 


I remain thy aftec* Brother 

Thomas Wharton. 
To Samuel Wharton. 

PiiiLA d January 31, 1774. 
Dear friend, 

I did myself the pleasure on the 27 lh Dec* to write thee 
a few lines, since when I am not favored with any of thy 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-17 88. 327 

letters ; as I do not think it right to suffer a transaction to 
take place, which in its nature has some connection with 
the country we expect to possess, is the reason of my troub- 
ling my honoured friend at this time. 

About a week since an Express arrived from Fort Ligonier 
(53 miles on this side Pittsburgh) to our Govonor acquaint- 
ing him that one Dr. Connelly had published an advertise- 
ment there, requesting all the inhabitants of those parts to 
meet him at Fort Pitt on the 25 th January in order that he 
might muster the people, and enrole the Militia, having 
received a commission from Lord Dunmore for that purpose, 
and at which time the inhabitants should be further informed 
of what was intended. The Express added that it was given 
out that L d Dunmore had appointed Major Ward, Campbell 
and another person as Magistrates, and that he was deter- 
mined to keep possession of that country as Virginia. This 
account has a good deal alarmed our people; they immedi- 
ately appointed three more magistrates to strengthen their 
party; but do not know how to view this affair, for they 
cannot suppose that L d Dunmore would take this measure 
solely at his own risque, and if it be in consequence of 
orders he has received from home, they conclude a serious 
affair, aud that its done by you to keep them from 
possessing the country; others say its a maneuvor of L d 
Hilsborough to grant this part of the country, that, the 
new proprietors may not have it. The last suggestion 
gives us no concern, as we suppose that nobleman has 
nothing to do with American affairs; but we find our 
property officers look on the matter in so serious a light, 
that an Express went of to L d Dunmore with letters from 
them, in which its said, they very seriously expostulate 
with him on the subject. 

We conclude that about this time Capt Ayres is arrived 
with you, with his cargo of tea &c : and be assured the 
people are anxious to know how this transaction will be 
viewed by our Superiors. A living report is propogated, 
that the tea is destroyed at South Carolina but I cannot 

32S Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 

credit it. You no doubt will be informed before tlii3 can 
reach you that the tea put on board Capt Lorings Brig' 
(which vessel was lost on Cape Cod) is safely stored at Castle 
William; by a letter lately rec d from the Boston agent by 
us, we find they were still confined at the Castle. 

I cannot help being desirous to know how Dr. F. will 
stand his ground, and support the measure of the Bostonians, 
as I presume the ministry can never suffer him to justify, 
and he with his son, at the same time to hold two such 
lucrative offices under the Crown, and if he does not justify 
the measure it may lose him his agency. If some affairs 
happen, which I think there is a probability of, I doubt hie 
being again appointed for this Province. 

I remain with the sincerest desire to render thee any 
acceptable service thy real friend 

Thomas Wharton. 

Philad a May 2, 1774. 
Dear Friend, 

Thy favor of the 3 rd Feb rjr I had the satisfaction of receiv- 
ing by the packet for that month, and am glad to find that 
my several letters mentioning the transactions relative to the 
India Compa ys tea were got to hand, and that thou had 
been so obliging as to communicate the necessary parts to 
the Directors: my regard to justice and the rights of that 
company influenced me to be as early as possible in trans- 
mitting my sentiments, that if possible a stop might have 
been put to the adventure if subject to the payment of a 
duty on this continent, but as that was not effected, I should 
be extremely glad, could our Assembly or the inhabitants 
of this city be prevailed on to make a tender of such a sum 
of money as would reimburse the East India Company for 
the amount they were subject to for the freight of those 
teas, but notwithstanding I have with some others (Urged 
both the Justice and Policy of this measure, I can not 
see at present a probability of its taking place by a subscrip- 
tion among the people, and as our Assembly stand adjourned 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 329 

till September they will scarce have more time (before the 
new election comes on) than will be sufficient to settle the 
public accounts; what maybe the resolutions of the new 
llouse in their Winter Sessions time must tell us — but I may 
venture to assure thee and ever}- person in administration, 
that the last resolve which was entered into by those who 
met at the time of Capt Ayre's arrival, was at that period, 
and has ever since continued to be very inconsistent with 
the sentiments of the substantial thinking part of our inhabi- 
tants. I have been well assured that this same resolve to 
justify the conduct of the Bostonians was attempted to be 
carried in the Committee (appointed to attend the tea con- 
signment) when 10 Gentlemen out 12 of the Committee 
absolutely refused to have it inserted with the other resolves, 
but two of their body determining to involve as far as they 
could the whole continent in the unjustifiable conduct of the 
Bostonians, concluded that at the general meeting one of 
them should call for such a resolve, and the other should 
both put it and support the same, thou art too good a judge 
of mankind to want any further explanation on this head. 
A number of men met with a view to determine a measure 
generally esteemed salutary (which the sending back the tea 
was) are easily led to assent to a 10 th resolve, after 9 had 
been unanimously entered into, without considering the 
force & effect of such a resolve, and I really believe this to 
have been the real case as to that resolve,- because I have 
heard almost every man who has conversed with me on the 
subject, disapprove thereof and declare that the Bostonians 
must and ought to pay the India Company for the tea ; 
clear I am that had the property on board Capt Ay res 
belonged to private merchants instead of the India Com- 
pany, it would have shared the very fate it did undergo, 
and that the sending the property back was not occasioned 
by any primary consideration but that of preserving their 
rights and liberties as Englishmen, as the Colonists do con- 
tend that no man or body of men can take their property 
irom them, but their own Representatives in Assembly. 

330 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1173-1188. 

How long this bone of contention may last its not easy to 
determine, but I wish with the utmost degree of good will 
and sincerity towards Great Britain and the Colonies, that 
we might to the latest day keep up and preserve that anion 
and happy connection which subsisted before the late un- 
happy Stamp Act; but who will undertake and adjust the 
necessary points I cannot tell ; but when its considered how 
extensive the Colonies are; how different in their various 
jurisdictions, and how unhappy a disunion between the 
parent state and them must render every thing — I could 
wish that a Superior Magistrate to that of Governor might 
be appointed by the King to reside on the continent, whose 
duty alone it should be to act in Legislation with a certain 
number of members to be appointed out of and by each 
House of Assembly, composing an Upper house which body 
in conjunction with the King's representatives should have 
power to make laws relative to the General Police of 
America, this I conceive would have a tendency of checking 
a turbulent spirit in any one of the Colonies and give Eng- 
land as well as the. Colonies a greater security than they can 
otherwise have. — This may be looked upon by our Superiors 
at home as granting the Colonists too much, yet I believe 
some such measure will be found necessary to be adopted. — 
About the time this letter will reach thee I suppose the 
New York tea ship will be returned with her outward bound 
cargo of teas, as she sailed from hence about a week since, 
and its said returned Capt Chambers the late Mr of one of 
the York ships. — The enclosed paper will inform thee rela- 
tive to the fate of his property (tea) and in some measure 
justifies my declaration that, had the East India teas been 
private property it would have undergone the same or a 
worsefate; should Parliament conclude to pursue compul- 
sive measures, I fear in the end you will have t<> repent 
thereof; and ardently wish, both for you and us, that it may 
not be the case. — The severe attack made upon Dr. Frank- 
lin with his conduct on that occasion, lias gained him the 
greatest number of admirers. Its given our, that notwith- 

Letters of Thomas }Yharton t 1778-1788. 331 

standing he has resigned his share in the Ohio Colony, yet 
when all's finished he is to be reinstated, you best know how 
this affair stands. — 

Since I had the pleasure last of writing thee, some very 
extraordinary transactions have taken place, founded upon 
an assertion made by Lord Dunmore that Fort Pitt was 
within the limits of Virginia, and the Penn family alledging 
it to be within the line of this province, the proclamation 
of Jn°. Conolly in January last first gave the public an 
account thereof, tho' the Court of Westmoreland having 
exercised jurisdiction about 100 miles below Penn's line, 
first gave rise to complaints against them, and caused (its 
said) L d Dunmore to give Conolly a commission. — About 
the time appointed for the meeting at Fort Pitt, one Sin- 
clair a magistrate under Penn, seized J. Conolly and con- 
fined him in goal — this caused an express to be sent to L d 
* Dunmore who returned a very severe and grating answer 
to our Govornor of which the enclosed is a copy, he at the 
same time wrote to J. Conolly agreeable to the copy here- 
with. — On Gov r Penn's receipt of those letters, orders were 
6ent up for the releasing of Conolly from Westmoreland 
goal, which was done on his parole, that he would appear 
at the next County Court, which he accordingly did, but 
attended with near 200 armed men, and then told the Mag- 
istrate, that they had no right to hold a Court in that pluee 
(about 35 miles on this side of Fort Pitt) as he said it was 
within the limits of Virginia; and on some altercation 
seized three of the Magistrates, and has taken them to Fin- 
castle County where (as far as we know) they yet remain ; 
this has caused so great a ferment with our prop' 7 people, 
that it* said, they are going to send an Embassy to 
L d Dunmore on the subject. I have also enclosed a printed 
advertisement signed by J. Campbell and J. Conolly tor the 
settling of lots and establishing a town on the Ohio below 
the line, of Vandalia, its said a great number of lots will be 
sold, — Is it possible when our great people come to consider 
the Annarchy & Confusion that now prevails on our 

332 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1178-1788. 

frontiers, and that increasing numbers will multiply the dis- 
orders, that they will any longer delay the completion of 
the Ohio grant, — I confess I cannot unravel the conduct of 
the Attor 7 Gen* 1 — but should rather fear its sinister, than 
arising from an apprehension that the boundary is not suf- 
ficient and clearly expressed. — 

I am just now assured that James Hamilton, W" Allen 
with others here and in New York have thro' the interven- 
tion of Sir W. J. purchased of the Indians a tract of coun- 
try containing its supposed 20 Millions of Acres situate 
about the Lakes in New York Government, and its said 
they have L d Mansfields opinion that such a purchase from 
the Indians is valid. — 

I am not able to furnish at this time the vouchers for the 
£160. but will do it as soon as I can get it from Col. Crog- 
han, the money was sent by us for no other end but to pay 
*Tpr the provisions of those Indians who had been summoned 
in consequence of your directions, and for want of which 
Col. Croghan complained to me; If you think right, it may 
be settled so as to let Bro. Samuel account to us for it when 
he returns. 

I gratefully acknowledge the assurances thou art pleased 
to give me, relative to the East India Company's consign- 

I remain with great respect thy real friend — 

Thomas Wharton. 
To Tho* "Walpole Esqr. 

Philada May 17 lb 1774. 
Dear Brother Saml Wharton, 

I wrote thee per packet on the 3 rd and per Capt All on 
the 5 th inst: to which please to refer. G. Morgan the other 
day returned from viewing your land bought of Budd, and 
informs me its a pity they had not been disposed of some 
years since, as they have not risen in value, and that they 
will scarce now pay more than the interest due to John 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783, 333 

Trell; he also informed me that as J. Trell lived at no great 
distance from them, he went to him to consult him about 
their value, and whether it would not be best to dispose of 
them, and he told me he was exceeding glad that he had 
seen Trell because he had by his representation put him oft* 
from sending a power of Attorney to England against thee. 
Trell assured him that all his friends in N York had con- 
stantly blamed him for not doing it, as they said he would 
certainly thereby get his money but G. M assured me that 
he satisfied John Trell of the contrary, and that such a step 
might have the very contrary effect; — On the whole Trell 
promised he would wait to see the issue of thy negociations. — 
It does appear to me that G. M. is abundantly altered in his 
conduct, perhaps the Doctor's loss of office may convince 
him that his dependence is more on thee, than before he 
was willing to believe. We were together 4 days since 
pressing D. Franks for payment of the award and judg- 
ment obtained about 12 months since against him of which 
he has not paid one shilling though the debt is about 
£10,000. We told him unless he paid a considerable part 
this week we should be compelled to take an execution out 
against him. We settled the other account with Ramsay, 
Murry & Co and got bonds for between £3 & £4000 pay- 
able some time hence and G. Morgan lias sold to two other 
men the remainder Of your property at the Illinois for 
(I think) about £1500 to be paid this year, a considerable 
sum in silver — &c : remains with A. James then this ex- 
tensive affair is near wound up. G. M. the other day asked 
me if I had received any letter from thee acknowledging 
the receipt of Willdns papers. He no doubt was desirous 
of knowing whether his letter had come to hand and what 
effects it had — but this matter is kept to ourselves. 

I have now enclosed thee a proclamation issued by Lord 
Dunmore, the mention he therein makes of the Indians is 
only a colour, the whole is levelled against the Penn family, 
and so very serious an affair it is to them, that they have 
sent James Tilghman and And r Allen down to his Lord- 

334 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 111 3-1 7 88. 

ship to try to mollify him and settle matters, but I have 
good reason to believe that will not be effected; the Vir- 
ginians keep possession of Pittsburgh and the copy of the 
letter Lord Dunmore wrote to J. Penn will satisfy you in 
what point of light he puts this matter ; this letter I en- 
closed to Thomas Walpole by Capt All, by which oppor- 
tunity I also sent thee a letter I had received from Capt 
Callender. — On the 14 th inst. the post from N. York brought 
us the Act of Parliament which so effectually put a stop to 
the trade and commerce of Boston, Capt Cowper by whom 
it came had but 26 days passage; thou can scarce conceive 
the effect it had upon the people, those who wish to have 
the union with Great Britain continued, were told to 
declare that it was but just and that the Bostonians ought 
to pay for the tea, kc : the other party declaimed against it 
but their topsails were much lowered, and they acknowl- 
edged that it is of such a nature, that it would force its own 
way, and its the general opinion among those I converse 
with, that, as Hutchison is removed the Bostonians will avail 
themselves thereof and pay for the tea; I cannot help being 
of the same sentiments should General Gage but take a 
proper method at his first landing, which W. hourly expects 
to hear of, but its apprehended among us that if an Act of 
Parliament should pass to alter their constitution it will be 
attended with difdculty to execute the same. 

As for the loss which the East India Co suffered in the 
payment of Capt Ayres freight, it looks to me, that if they 
would read the 14 th and 20 th section of their charter, to W° 
Penn they will find it very easy to obtain it of J. Penn as he 
is on the spot, and let him if he chooses make application to 
our Assembly for a reimburse. By Capt. Cowper letters are 
received that mention Col. ftalrymple being appointed to 
the Government of New Jersey — should this be true the 
Delaware crossing gentlemen must go to the plough, and 
may rue the day he has treated particulars so unjustly, the 
report has thrown the family into great trouble. 

I have not heard from R. N" about the chariot, if its not 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1788. 335 

shipped I could wish it might be to this port on the beet 
terms he could get, and if thou'l let me know the coat I 
shall be glad. 

A report prevails here that the Dean of Bristol baa 
charged Dr. Franklin with being the original proposer of the 
Stamp Act — should he prove that it will be a cutting stroke 
to the Doctor's popularity. 

Strahan has never had the manner to acknowledge my 
last letter informing him of my having secured Reads debt, 
had it not been for thy recommendation I would not have 
taken the abundant pains I did, and I cannot but be sur- 
prised what has altered his conduct towards me, as no mans 
letter could be more expressive of regard than his used to be. 

Some of our warm politicians talk of again entering into a 
nonimportation agreement, but this I am satisfied they can- 
not effect, as most of our merchants are dissatisfied with the 
former conduct of the Bostonians. Its not improbable that 
an attempt will be made to get a Congress established of a 
deputation from all the Assemblies on the continent. A 
hopeful figure we shall make for it may be said tbat our 
house never was so thin of men of understanding as at this 

Since writing the foregoing part of this letter a person has 
arrived here and brings us such intelligence from the banks 
of the Ohio that is of the utmost importance to the future 
w r ell being of not only the new province, but of all these 
provinces, and fully shews the absolute necessity of a Civil 
establishment in that Quarter, indeed if its not soon done, 
these colonies will be involved in the most distressing war; 
the account says that one Black and others being together 
at his house about 70 miles below Fort Pitt saw some 
Indians on the opposite side of the river, they gave them 
an invitation to come over to the house which the Indians 
did, and they soon after killed every one of them, that next 
day two Indians were at the house of a son of Col. Cressup 
and told him, that there was war. He said ho did not 
know it, they told him it was, and said they would have hie 

336 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 

things, on which he pulled pistols out of his pocket and 
shot one or both of them, that leaving one man in his house, 
he took to his canoes with several others and proceeded 
down the river to an Indian settlement, and then killed a 
number of men, women and children, so that our account 
say 49 Indians have been massacred, on this occasion. An 
account was sent up to Fort Pitt when there were two 
Indian chiefs with their families there, who were for imme- 
diately posting off to alarm the nation and spread destruc- 
tion over our frontiers, but I am told that Col. Croghan ha3 
persuaded them to take a belt with them, and is doing all 
he can to restore peace, but its scarce believed he will effect 
it, and the people are leaving the frontier. Its needless for 
me to attempt to say anything more on this tragical and 
distressing event, sure we are, that if a government is not 
soon established on those lands, destruction awaits the inte- 
rior Colonies. I must close this letter by telling thee that 
all thy connections except father are well. He seems much 
on the decline and I fear his remaining long with us. 

I am thy affec' Brother, 

Thomas Wharton*. 

Philad May 31, 1774. 
Dear friend, 

• On the 2 ad inst : per Capt All I did myself the pleasure 
of writing thee, since when thy favor of the 5 th April 
came to hand, for which I very sincerely thank thee. — 
The Act of Parliament (which it contained) relative to Bos- 
ton has spread such general uneasyness thro* this continent 
that I wish the consequences may not be of the most serious 
kind, and unhappily tend to widen the breach rather than 
conciliate matters. The enclosed newspaper will give thee 
some idea of the situation of matters. As soon as the 
Bostonians heard of their fate it threw them into a deep 
consternation but they soon called a large town meeting, 
and dispatched an express to New York and this place with 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 337 

alarming letters, endeavouring to arouse all the Colonie3 by 
pointing out that their present suffering was the common 
cause of America; some of the warm partisans in this city 
immediately got together, and were for entering into 
resolves as pointed out from Boston, that we should neither 
export nor import any commodities to or from Great Brit- 
tain or the West Indies; this or any other measure was sett 
aside for that time, and a more general meeting was ap- 
pointed two evenings after, when about 250 or 300 respect- 
able citizens attended, and after communicating the letters 
and papers rec d from Boston and 1ST York two persons very 
strenuously insisted that the city should enter into the pro- 
posals of nonexportation and nonimportation, and that we 
should aid and support the Bostonians in every respect, as 
they were now suffering in the American common cause. 
Several persons who had never before met at any of their 
meetings thought it quite time to interpose, and not suffer 
those warm and violent men to carry measures as they 
pleased, attended that evening, among whom I was one, and 
we entered the lists and opposed their measures with so 
much resolution and firmness, that every step which ap- 
peared to have a tendency to inflame was entirely set aside; 
and only two resolves entered into; the first was, that a 
committee should be appointed to answer the Boston letter, 
— the second, that the same committee should wait on the 
Govornor and request him to call the Assembly that they 
might unite with the other Assemblies in a decent but firm 
application to the Crown, for redress of our complaints, 
thus after the warmest and greatest expectation by particu- 
lars, we were capable of quickly (for the present) putting 
aside any rash resolutions, and we very sincerely hope, that 
Govornor Gage will be enabled to accommodate matters 
with that people, and that harmony may again be restored 
between you and us. It does not remain as any doubt witli 
me, that they will tender the money for the tea; and its 
now sincerely wished that the advice T. and I. W. gave to 
our committee, of landing and storing the tea hail been 
vol. xxxiii. — 22 

338 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-178S. 

adopted. I have enclosed the copy of our committee's letter 
to the committee of Boston in answer to theirs by the 
express. The New Yorkers have appointed a committee 
consisting of 50 very respectable men, to attend to this im- 
portant affair, being determined to support their rights, and 
at the same time not to suffer a few rash men to involve 
their Colony in difficulties, we shall shortly know the senti- 
ments of the Virginians, as their Assembly is sitting, they 
are certainly a sensible and wealthy people, and the part 
they shall take in this affair will have great influence on 
their sister colonies. The committee appointed by the New 
Jersey Assembly are to meet this day at Brunswick to take 
the matter into their deliberation ; and it does appear to me 
that a Congress of the Committees from all the Assemblies 
on this extensive continent will now take place ; I believe 
you'l find that some constitutional plan must and will be 
attended to, and altho' the fears of some with you may for 
a time obstruct it, yet I do give it as my sentiments, that 
nothing I know of can take place which will so long con- 
tinue you and us as one people, as the establishing an Upper 
House to consist of deputies for every Assembly to act in 
Legislation with a Lord Lieutenant. 

We cannot get to the bottom of the report, relative to the 
killing of those Indians on the Ohio, near the Great Ken- 
hawa, but it does appear to us from every circumstance we 
can collect that Michael Cressup was in that quarter locat- 
ing a large quantity of lands to be confirmed to him either 
by the Government of Vandalia or Virginia, and that 
some altercation happened between his company and some 
Indians, that he have acted in a manner unwarrantable 
both to the laws of nature and natives. I wish that this 
step is taken to hinder the settlement of that Colony, 
but surely it must have a contrary effect with our Xing 
and his ministers, as it cannot be supposed they will Buffer 
their subjects to kill and destroy those Indians, whom 
we are in friendship with, and this certainly will be the 
circumstance so long as that extensive frontier is without 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-17SS. 339 

the jurisdiction of any Colony, which surely it at present 
is, as no laws made in Virginia is of any effect there. 

An account has just reached us that the Charter of 
Boston is taken away hy Act of Parliament, but we as yet 
know not how matters will settle. 

If my Bro : is with you be pleased to inform him his 
family and connections are well, & that I beg his excuse for 
not writing at this time being extremely engaged. I remain 
with the sincerest regard and esteem thy 

obliged friend 

Thomas Wharton, 
To Tho s Walpole Esq. 

(To be eontmued.) 

340 William Parsons. 

Surveyor General, and Founder of Easton, Pennsylvania. 

by john w. jordan. 

In the Manuscript Department of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania is preserved a letter from Thomas Penn to 
Governor Hamilton, dated September 8, 1751, in which he 
states : " Sometime since, I wrote to D r Graeme and Mr. 
Peters to lav out some ground in the Forks of the Delaware 
for a town, which I suppose they have done, or begun to do 
so. I desire it may be called Easton, from my Lord Pom- 
fret's house, and whenever there is a new county, that shall 
be called Northampton." William Parsons was selected to 
lay out the projected town, on the wedge of land between 
the Lehigh River, Bushkill Creek, and Delaware River, and 
on May 9, 1750, Surveyor General Nicholas Scull joined him 
on the site, and w r ith a corps of assistants the survey was 
soon completed. The county of Northampton was erected 
under Act of Assembly approved March 11, 1752. 

William Parsons was born in England, May 6, 1701, 
where he learned the trade of shoemaking, and before 
attaining his majority, came to Pennsylvania. While 
carrying on his trade in Philadelphia, he devoted all his 
spare time to study, so that in the course of time, he became 
acquainted with persons of education, and gained the repu- 
tation of "a man having a profound knowledge of mathe- 
matics." He became a member of the famous " Junto," the 
club formed by Franklin, soon after his return from 
England in 1726, to discuss ethics, politics, and natural 
philosophy. Franklin mentions Parsons as a Gsoyraphrr, 
in a letter of April, 1744. From 1734-1746 he served as 
librarian of the City Library. 

On August 21, 1741, Parsons was appointed Surveyor 
General of the Province, to succeed Benjamin Eastburn, a 

William Parsons. 341 

position which called his peculiar qualifications into exercise, 
but the physical hardships connected with it caused him to 
present his resignation to the Provincial Council, which was 
accepted June 10, 1743, and Nicholas Scull was appointed 
in his place. He then became a resident of Lancaster, was 
commissioned a Justice of the Peace, April 22, 1740, and 
also filled the offices of Prothonotarv, Register, and Re- 
corder, and continued to survey at intervals. 

After the erection of Northampton County out of the 
upper part of Bucks County, Parsons wrote to Secretary 
Peters, in December of 1752, that he had removed with 
part of his family, servants, and household effects, and 
established themselves at the " Point of the Forks "; and 
here the most eventful years of his life were passed. The 
first County Court was held at Easton, June 16, 1752, and 
the first County election for Assemblyman, Sheriff, and three 
County Commissioners, October 1, of the same year. Par- 
sons served three terms as Justice of the Peace between 
1752 and 1757; one term a3 an Assemblyman, 1753; and 
filled the offices of Prothonotarv, Clerk of the Court, Re- 
corder, and Clerk of the Commissioners. He also acted as 
the agent of the Proprietaries, looking after their interests, 
and promoting the sale and settlement of lands. Through 
his personal efforts, the first building for school and worship 
was erected by subscription. Parsons contributed £5 and 
w r as a Trustee. 

During the Indian troubles, Parsons was appointed Major 
in the Provincial service, in 1755, and the following year 
assigned to the First Batallion, commanded by Lieut. Col. 
Conrad Weiser. On December 29, 1755, he was appointed 
Major in command of all the troops raised in Northampton 
County, and for a time supervised the defences of that 
region. At all the Conferences held at Easton prior to 1758. 
between the Provincial authorities and the Indians, Major 
Parsons attended in his military capacity, and Governors 
Morris and Denny were his guests, the last named, however, 
found that the Major was at the seashore for the benefit of 

342 William Parsons. 

his health. Parsons died at Easton, December 17, 1757, and 
is justly entitled to the honor given him, "The Father of 

William Parsons, in many respects, was a man of per- 
verse disposition, that marred his relations with people 
without real occasion. His anti-German position, which he 
thought the Proprietary interests he represented demanded, 
was intensified by being outvoted at several elections in the 
new county, and his prejudices against the Moravian settle- 
ments — a prejudice which he tried unsuccessfully to impart 
to the Proprietors — all injured his popularity. His old 
associate Nicholas Scull said of him: "Parsons is a man 
that is not apt to forget any old differences. " The first 
election held in the new county, October 1, 1752, resulted 
in the election of James Burnside as first Assemblyman, he 
being a Moravian living near Bethlehem, and representing 
the elements which Parsons spoke of as the Quaker Party 
at variance with the Proprietary interests. At the election 
of 1753, he was successful, but in 1754 and 1755, two 
Moravians, James Burnside and William Edmonds, were 
again elected. 

Later his prejudices against the Moravians changed, and 
his attitude became friendly; he embraced the evangelical 
faith; and a3 his end drew near, he desired to have all his 
family gathered around him, but in that pathetic hour, it 
was too late for his wife to come from Philadelphia. He 
died December 17, 1757, and at his request a simple 
funeral service was conducted by his son-in-law, the Rev. 
Jacob Rogers, of the Moravian Church. 

The substantial stone house which Parsons built as his 
second residence in Easton, is still standing at the north- 
east corner of Fourth and Ferry streets. After his death 
it was occupied by George Taylor, one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, who died there in 17S1. It 
is now the property of the George Taylor Chapter, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, who have restored 
it and placed a memorial tablet on its wall. 

William Parsons. 343 

It so happened, that the year and month — May, 1901 — 
which marked the bi-centennial anniversary of Parsons' 
birth, brought the announcement that the spot where his 
remains rested on Mount Jefferson was to be sold fur a 
site of a free library, a more pretentious undertaking 
than the first institution in the interest of popular education 
which he succeeded in erecting at Easton. His remains 
were not disturbed, and are marked by an appropriate 

The will of William Parsons is dated December 15, 1757 
(two days prior to his death), in which he bequeaths to the 
children of his sisters Mary and Sarah £50 each; to his 
son-in-law James Worrell his watch and £40, with which he 
is "to make up and decorate the graves and tombs of my 
late dear mother," and his own children, Robert, Susannah, 
and Hannah; to his nephew, Dr. Stephen Woolley, £100; 
to his niece, Rebecca Woolley, £20, for the great care and 
attention shown him; to his niece Elizabeth Cummins, £50; 
to a servant girl, Elizabeth Kristman, £20 ; to the " Poor 
Scholars of the Academy of Philadelphia," £200; and the 
residue of his estate to his wife during her life, and after 
her death to their three children. His executors were his 
"very good friends" William Coleman, and Evan Morgan 
of Philadelphia, and Timothy Horstield of Bethlehem. 

William Parsons was married at Philadelphia in 1722, to 
Johanna Christina Zeidig, born May, 1699, a daughter of 
John Julius Zeidig and Salome Margaret Sprogel, a 
daughter of the 'Rev. John Henry Sprogel, a widely known 
clergyman and educator of Quedlinburg, in the Saxon 
province of Prussia. A sister was the wife of the Rev. 
Gottfried Arnold, church historian, a professor at the 
Universitv of Giessen, and a man of sreat learning Two 
of her brothers were John Henry Sprogel and Ludwig 
Christian Sprogel, names familiar to the students of early 
Pennsylvania history, with one of whom Miss Zeidig came 
to Philadelphia, where she first affiliated with the Dunkards 
under Alexander Mack. Parsons, about the date of hi- 

344 William Parsons. 

marriage, was in nominal connection with the Lutheran 
Church, hut was so absorbed in studies and plans in the 
direction of his personal inclinations and ambitions, that he 
had no sympathy with the fervent piety of his German wife, 
and at times was indifferent and harsh towards her. She 
withdrew from all religious associations and became a 
Separatist, and next found satisfaction in a kind of Agnos- 
ticism. She next came in contact with certain " French 
Prophets," who gave her books to read, in which she 
thought that she had found light. These enthusiasts are 
not commonly mentioned among the sects which pre- 
sented such a motley array in Pennsylvania in those days. 
When Whitefield visited Philadelphia she attended his 
preaching, and when the Moravian evangelists came, she 
was constantly at their services. To this her husband 
objected, and forbade his children to attend their meetings; 
and when his wife seemed disposed to do so nevertheless, 
he threatened to forsake her, if she did not follow his wishes. 
In 1745, Parsons really carried his threat into execution 
and the couple were never re-united. Leaving his wife in 
Philadelphia, he took his two youngest daughters to the 
Swatara, where he owned a tract of land, but later he 
yielded to their wishes and permitted them to return for 
awhile to their mother. In 1751 she was admitted to 
membership in the Moravian Church, and in 1769, removed 
to Bethlehem, where she died March 10, 1773. Six chil- 
dren were born to them : 

Susanna, who died unmarried, Oct. 17, 1746. 

Robert, who died April 27, 1746. 

Hannah, who married James Worral, and died Jan. 20, 

Ann Mary, married, March 31, 1756, the Rev. Jacob 
Rogers. He had been a clergyman of the Church of 
England, but joined the Moravian Church at Bedford 
o. e. in 1741. She died at Dobbs' Parish, North 
Carolina, where her husband was stationed, July 19, 
1759. They had issue: 

William Parsons. 345 

Johanna Salome, born Dee. 10, 1750; died Sept. 14, 
Johanna Grace, born Nov. 28, 1736, was named after 
her grandmother, Grace Parsons. She married at 
Bethlehem, July 29, 1758, Nicholas Garrison, Jr.. son 
of Capt. Nicholas • Garrison, of Staten Island, New 
York, who possessed some skill in drawing and sketch- 
ing, and executed several noted views of the Mora- 
vian settlements, which are much sought after by 
collectors. In 1762 they removed to Philadelphia. 
where Garrison engaged in business on Race Street. 
Just before the occupation of the city by Howe's army, 
they fled to Oldman's Creek, New Jersey, where they 
remained until the following summer. After 1780. 
they became residents of Berks County. They had 
issue : 

John Nicholas, born Oct. 26, 1760. 
Juliana Sarah, born at Philadelphia, Nov. 19, 173S; 
married, Oct. 14, 1766, Timothy Horsfield, Jr., son 
of Justice Timothy Horsfield, of Bethlehem. He died 
April 11, 1789, and she, Jan. 17, 1808. They had 
issue : 

Timothy, died young. 

William, born 1770; died Feb. 8, 1845. Married 
Rebecca Weiss, daughter of Col. Jacob Weiss, 
• the founder of Weissport, Carbon County; and 
died Feb. 14, 1845. Descendants living. 
Thomas, born May 12, 1773; died in London, Eng- 
land, July 24, 1859. He received his early educa- 
tion in the Moravian schools at Bethlehem and 
Nazareth; pursued a course in pharmacy with 
Dr. Otto of Bethlehem, devoting special attention 
also to botany; and later attended lectures at the 
University of Pennsylvania, where he took his 
degree of M.D. in 1798. Some years afterwards 
he went to England, and thence to the East Indies 

346 William Parsons. 

in the service of the East India Company. He 

attained a reputation in scientific circles, both as a 

practitioner and as. an author. His extensive 

researches as a naturalist, particularly on the 

island of Java, are known through his Zoological 

Researches in Java, 1821-1824- ; Lepidopteroua 

Insects; and Planted Javaniete Rariores. He was 

the first librarian of the East India House in 

London. He had issue; a son, Charles Cooper 

Horsfield, and a daughter. 

The " Parson Papers " in the Manuscript Department ot 

the Historical Society of Pennsylvania comprise a large and 

valuable correspondence, and surveys; his Day Book, 1723 

-1727 (shoe and slipper making); Index to Surveys made 

in 1730; Field Book, 1734; Receipt Book, 1738-1749; 

Common Place Book, 1741. 

Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 347 


[The following interesting letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn is 
in the Logan Papers, Manuscript Department of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania.] 

Philad ia 1. ll nQ *T2f 
Honoured Mistress, 

Tho I have wrote very largely to thy ffamily of late by 
sundry Conveyances, yet I cannot lett this opportunity pass 
without addressing thee in particular in regard to y e Trans- 
actions of the last year in thy Province, on which I must 
be<> leave to observe That notwithstanding: I have led a 
Life, for about 25 years past fill'd w th a continued Series of 
anxiety & trouble on acco 1 of yo r affairs (while my own, by 
which I principally gett my Living flow'd as smoothly and 
easily as mo3t other mens) yet nothing ever more deeply 
affected me, than the unhappy Success of those Instruction* 
I brought over from thee to W ra Keith, for w ch I well know 
I am in no small measure accountable to you and I have 
only this to say for my self that the fatal step was wholly 
owing to my Weakness in not believing after so long an 
Experience of Mankind there could be any of the Species 
found bearing y e Character of a Gentleman, & endued with 
but a common share of good sense, who could be so insen- 
sible to all the Obligations of Duty, as to make the use of 
them that S r Wm. has done of these rational and justitiable 
Ord" another wrong Step, I doubt was my writing the 
Memorial which I did not then expect to see published, for 
that gave the Gov r and D. LI. a handle to work up to 
themselves a kind of Merit among the weaker Sort that is 
the greater number of the People. To the Govern™ answer 
to that Memorial I drew up a Reply w ch I presented to the 
assembly but would not suffer it to be printed, nor did I 
design to take further notice of D. Li's till drove to it by 
the uses he made of Lis, as well as by the persuasions or' 

348 Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 

your best friends who insisted on it as my Duty. These at 
length produced the Antidote which has generally given 
the well affected full Satisfaction. A dozen of them only 
were printed off (but with too many Errors) the night 
before Annis sailed. In y e last page I made some altera^ 
tions but hesitated near 2 months longer about their 
Publication being then unseasonable, besides that I was 
really ashamed of y e Contest as a Reproach both to the 
Province and the Profession. But D. Li's Paper being 
spread all over the Countrey had done much mischief gott 
him into y c Assembly (is our further Scandal) and perverted 
the Understanding of many, who from my silence accounted 
it unanswerable. I therefore sent mine abroad & a few 
dayes after reev'd a Lett r from the Gov r intended by him 
for the Press w ch it has since pass'd. You will judge of it 
there by y e Copies now sent. He is privately sollicking 
(I find) to have the Governm* of New Jersey under Coll. 
Burnett to which his fine Syllogisen if presented to the 
Ministry, will not I believe very much recommend him. 
I have noted some of its Errors and with these I send a 
Copy or two of the Antidote as it was published which I 
design shall be the last of that kind from me that shall ever 
see the light. 

I hear further from Engl d that the E. of Southerl d is 
renewing his application for our Lower Counties w cb tis 
believed is owing to your Division and astonishing neglect 
of your own affairs which will naturally lead People to 
believe there is no absurdity in conveying them into other 
hands. For my own part I am overwhelm'd with the 
thoughts of them, while I see nothing but trouble following 
trouble, as Waves roll after waves in the Sea, the cause of all 
which is plain is owing to those fatal Mistakes in the 
Beginning. In taking a Title at first to those Counties 
that was not legal and then not perfecting it while practi- 
cable. In not fixing the Line with the L. Baltimore when 
it might, easily be done and in heaping things called 
Privileges on a People who neither know how to use them, 
nor how to be grateful for them. I must however here 

Letter of James Logan to Hannah Pcnn. 340 

note the Consequence of those Counties being alienated from 
your ftamily especially by an absolute Grant of the Interest 
without regard to the Grants formerly made viz. The 
Trade of the Province will sink, It will create inextricable 
difficulties in Answering the Peoples Demands for what 
they formerly paid in their Wrong, as it will then be called, 
and your Receivers when molested must come again upon 
you for Satisfaction & finally it will fix an Indelible Reproach 
&c. I can scarce however believe it possible that it should 
be brought to such an Extremity. The Courts are not to 
be depended on without Money and Interest. The address 
from the Assembly of those Counties to our present Gov r 
immediately after his first Accession, if properly applied 
may very much Strengthen you. You have the Original 
Compleat and I hear enclose a Copy of it. His Behaviour 
in that affair (which was press'd on principally by two or 
three of y e Council) gave cause to suspect what afterw* 
more fully appear'd, viz his holding with the hound & 
running with the hare, & nowtis probable he is at y e bottom 
or in concert w rth the other in his motions. Two thing.-" I 
desire may be remembred viz. that Xew Castle and a 
Circle of 12 miles round it was granted by the D. of York 
absolutely without any other Reservation than (I think) a 
Crown piece or 5 shills. Yearly, ffor all y c Rest below half 
y e Rents & Profits were reserved to the Duke & at least one 
half of them is now due in Arrears so that the Bargain in 
that part might without refunding be complied with. 
What else relates to the Title you have formerly had it from 
me very largely. 

Money I know is wanting to bring on a Settlem* of those 
affairs (I speak not of your family Dispute) to gett which, 
since it equally affects both sides, If you would juyntly 
agree in an Authentic Power to raise and remit some for 
that particular purpose, You might, tho' with a disadvan- 
tageous exchange, have sufficient to carry on what is to be 
done in that way. 

Our Assembly last month granted the Govern' 400 lb. 
and being to meet again next week he expects (& will 

350 Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 

labour hard for it) to prevail on them for the usual yearly 
allowance. They have drawn up two addresses, which goe 
home by this Vessel, One to the King to thank him for His 
Sanction to our late Affirmation Act. It is to be sent I 
suppose to Joshua Gee & Jos: Wyeth who tis probable will 
scarce give themselves much trouble about it. The other 
is for your Family in behalf of S r William who has been at 
great pains to obtain Recommendations. After his ill success 
with the last Assembly who could never be prevailed on to 
say one word in his favour He applied last 7 th mo* to our 
Yearly Meeting in this place for a Certificate, but failing ot 
that also. You will find by the inclosed votes how the House 
was drove to epeak for him. This address was at first in- 
tended for Springet only, but they soon discovered their 
Mistake & therefore send it to both, I have never yet seen it. 
I have so often spoke & have said so much of the extream 
Confusion All Proprietary affairs are & must be in till the 
ffarnily Dispute is ended & proper Measures are taken there- 
upon that I shall not attempt to add any thing here. We 
expect another Govern 7 but that will not avail much in this 
case. Ti9 a final and absolute settlem* of the Right that is 
wanted, and the Presence of the Proprietary himself to 
direct how his Lands shall be disposed of, ffor I doubt not 
but there are at this time near a hund d thons d Acres pos- 
sess'd by persons who resolutely sitt down and improve 
without any manner of Right or Pretence to it. Some, tis 
true have had a permission to prevent worse from coming 
into the place, yet most of them are so poor that they have 
nothing to pay with, & therefore will expect or endeavour 
to be allowed as Renters. An unruly sort oi' Palatines have 
by encouragem 1 from the Gov r entred upon (as I formerly 
mentioned) about 20 thous d Acres in one Tract, the best 
that was left undisposed of in his Province and how they 
are to be dealt with is beyond my skill to judge nor can it 
be to any purpose to treat with them, till Terms can ho 
absolutely proposed and Titles be made to them, hut I 
question whether this ought to be done, for ten thous' 1 acres 
wero laid out there by young Rees Thomas (without any 

Letter of James Logan to Hannah, Penn. 351 

authority tis true) for his Uncle Wm. Aubrey in Right of 
Latitia's Legacy in the Will which he has sold at a groat 
price to a Member of Parlm* who expects to enjoy it there. 
But it would be endless to enter into the Detail of these 
things, I shall therefore only proceed to say That being 
quite tired with the perplexities arising from y e Unsettled 
State of your affairs and the Embarassment of the Powers 
of Governm* by the Will I have for some years past believed 
<fc have mentioned it in two Letters to thy Uncle that as it 
would be for the Peace, so it might be for the Interest of 
thy family to compound with Springet for a handsome Sum, 
for the whole Interest here and in my last to thy Son was 
particular on that head, but lest I should be thought partial, 
I must here observe that some Lands w ch lately was thought 
would scarce ever be accounted worth taking up, are now, 
notwithstanding their Rocks and Hills of some value for the 
wood to make Charcoal for the Ironworks which within 
these last 12 Months are in divers places vigorously carrying 
on and may beyond expectation become an advantageous 
Improvem 1 of this Country. Inquiring diligently of Jos. 
ffarmer who lirst sett the Work on Northeast on foot, he 
represented the Charge of a Furnace & finishing the first 
Blast with the frbrges to be 12000 kts sterl, but tis now believ'd 
it may be done with about a third of the Money. Divers 
Companies are now going on with them, and as the 
Countrey abounds w th ore, we might with the convenience 
of Water Carriage in time almost Supply Engl d with. Iron. 
But alas we have but one side of but one River that is navi- 
gable. We may however have some advantages of making 
Returns more easily by that method if the Success proves 
answerable to the Vast Charge. This I thought necessary 
to hint here, I mentioned also my design to take over my 
family next thill to Bristol but know not how my Wifes 
Resolution may hold out. She brought me a Son the 12* 
of Nov br last named Charles after her lather & brother, and 
presents her most hearty Respects to thee. Hannah Hill 
has long kept her bed through a heavy Indisposition, but 
tis hoped She is recovering. 

352 Letter of James Logan to Hannah Penn. 

One thing deserving your Notice I had omitted to remark 
on the head of the Lower Counties w eh is that the Gov r 
having while I was absent granted a Charter of Incorpora- 
tion to the City of Newcastle (as tis now called) of w ch you 
were then informed by R. Hill and I. Norris, the notion 
propagated among the People was that these Counties 
belong'd solely to the King, for there was not the least 
notice taken or mention made of y e Propriet" in that 
Charter, and all frriends were excluded by it. Soon after a 
Dispute arose about the Boundaries of Newcastle and 
Chester Counties. Those of the Province insisted on the 
Circular Line of 12 miles from Newcastle run in 1701 by 
the Proprietors Ord r but others urged that Newcastle now 
(by their Charter) extended to 5 miles distance from y e Town 
and therefore that these 12 miles should be measured from 
that Extent which would take in a King of 5 miles more out 
of the Province and throw even the Town of Chester into 
Newcastle County, of w ch Endeavours are now used to 
deprive you. That this was a form'd Design at that time 
and that it was resolved to quarrel with you and therefore 
with me in course I think is not to be doubted. 

15 th 12 mo - The fore^oins; having been wrote above Six 
weeks since, has by y e Shutting up of our River (now 
opening again) lain till this time for a Conveyance and I 
must here add from y e experience of this Winter, that I find 
the severe effects of that cruel Distemper (w th so violently 
seized my head soon after my last arrival) to a degree that 
nothing but a retirem' from business will preserve me 
capable of being much longer useful to my family of w ch 
my wife is so sensible that nothing short of it will make her 
easie. If any Lines however are to be run on the Settlem* 
with Maryl d you may I hope depend on my assistance. 
That you may finish that and all your affairs to Satisfaction 
& ouce come to know y e comforts of Peace and a quiet 
Establishm 1 is the most earnest Desire ot 

Thy faithful friend & Servant 

Reed. 3 d May 1720. Jambs Logan. 

Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 353 


[Originals in the Manuscript Department, Historical Society of 

Minisink 5th April 1779. 

Agreable to the Orders you Yesterday ree' 1 you will 
proceed to Wyoming on the Susquehannah Eiver with 
the Regiment under your Immediate Command, Colonel 
Armands, & Capt a Schotta Corps, the former is commanded 
at present by a Major Lomaign and the latter by Capt* 
Selin, these Corps will join you at or before you retch Col. 
Strouds at Fort Penn, as you will see by their Orders left 
open for your perrusal. & which you will haye delivered — 
you must take with you from here all the flonr now left in 
store and Beef sufficient to carry the Detachment thro' to 
Wyoming, you will receive additional supply of Flour at 
Col. Strouds, take care that each Corps takes with them the 
Provisions they have respectively drawn, you will receive a 
few Camp Kettles for the Detachment at Colonel Stroud's 
and may draw 20 Axes for your Regiment, 6 for Armands, & 
3 for Schott here. It will take you four days from Col. 
Strouds to Wyoming, you will therefore regulate your Pro- 
vision accordingly. Capt. Alex r Patterson A.D.QMG will 
Provide you with a guide from Fort Penn, and an Express to 
send to Col. Zebulon Butler commanding at Wyoming with 
notice of your approach from Fort Penn you will march to 
Lardners thence to an Incamping Place in what is Commonly 
cal'd the great Swamp, the third day to Bullocks which is 
within five miles of Wyoming Garrison where for the present 
you will put yourself under Col. Butlers directions. 

I am thus Particular a3 It will be necessary to make 
ea3*ie Marches in order to reconnoitre the Country well, A 
vol. xxxiii. — 23 

354 Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 

examine every thicket & hhollow way or Swamp before you 
enter it, which I desire you may be very Particular in doing, 
to prevent being Surprised, led into an Ambuscade, or 
attack'd without previous knowledge of the Enemys being 
near, you will be particularly Attentive to keep the Body of 
the Troops Compact, Suffer no stragler on Any account, 
keep a proper advance & Eear Guard, tho' not at too great 
a distance, and also small parties on your Flanks observing 
the same Caution. Should any Enemy appear, you must 
take care not to advance on them precipitately before you 
know their numbers, or untill you have sufficiently extended 
your front to prevent being out Flanked, by a Steddy 
adherence to the Above directions you will have little danger 
to apprehend, double your attention as you approach the 
Fort, as the badness of the Roads at present & the Scarcity 
of horses will prevent your carrying your heavy Baggage, 
you must leave it at Fort Penn with a Guard untill you 
have a more favourable opportunity. 

- Relying much on your Steddyness, Industry Zeal & 
Activity. I wish you a good March, 

& am sir 

Your Obed' Servt. 
Major Daxl. Burehardt EDw d Hand. 

German ~Reg t 

Minisink 5th April 1779 

D r Sir:— 

By the time this reaches you, there will be a Detachment 
from this place consisting of about 550 men including 
Officers, under the command of Major Burehardt of the 
German Reg* on their March to join you be pleaded to 
make the best prepc ration in your power to cover them on 
their Arrival, and send a person to meet and conduct Major 
Burehardt, and give him any Intilligence that may respect 
his March, he goes by the way of Strouds, least ho should 
be stoped by Walenpapack, as there is not a Boat there. 
I have rec d your favours of the 28th Ultimo of first Inst. 

Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 355 

I am sorry for the devastation committed by the Enemy. 
Lt. Jenkens is gone to head Qrs. where I shall goe as soon 
as Major Burehardts Detach* is fairly on the March, and 
expect to be soon with you, untill then, you will please to 
give the Necessary Orders. 

I am D r Sir 

Y r Ob* Hhble Serv' 
Col: Zebulon Butler. Edw. Hand. 

Dear General, 

Just this moment a party of Indians on the opposite side 
of the Kiver from us kilPd a family of people who lived 
about one mile from this, but unknown to me, & burnd the 
House I immediately sent a party after them, they found 
tho' dead lying scalp'd two men, one woman & 2 Children, 
from their tracts it is thot there is Better than 30 of them & 
we are not able to send a sufficient party after them, if some 
men where to come from Wyoming on that side the River 
with a good guide they might be met with, the way the 
tracts went, makes me believe the intend making a Stroke 
on Cattawissey. I have sent a Eunner to give them intelli- 
gence as a number of Inhabitants live there, they have 
taken some Horse3 from this family. I believe the saw the 
Guard that left us this morning with the Boats, as it was 
soon after that they done the Mischief. 

I wish we 'were strong enough to send out a strong party, 
I would fain think I could intercept them in their marches. 
I am sir 

With due Eespect 

Your Very Humb 1 Servt. 
Geo Bush. 
Fort Jenkens 
May 17-1779 

11 O'clock A.M. 

To Brigadeer Gen 1 ED\v d Hand 
Commanding in Susquehanna. 

356 Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 

Dear Sir: — 

I am favor'd with your second Letter of this date. 

Be assured Sir there is nothing I more earnestly wish for 
than a friendly intercourse with every officer in the Army 
I have the Honor to serve in, yet I cannot submit to indig- 
nities from Col Lutterloh or any other person. I have as 
often as any officer in the Service put up with inconveni- 
ences when necessary, and mean to do so still. I believe you 
misapprehend the Spirit of the order of the 28 th it does not 
in my opinion authorize Col Lutterl oil's depriving me of 
what I am justly entitled to, especially as he has pasturage 
elsewhere equally near your Quarters, for instance Mr. 
Beekm an's Large Pasture. 

Your Obed e Serv 1 
Camp June 30—1781. E. Hand. 

To Colo. Pickering Q. M. G. 

Camp near York 24 th Oct. 1781 

I am ordered bv his Ex y to inform you that it is his 
Pleasure you immediately proceed to Gloucester with your 
Regiment, where, when arrived you are to take the Com- 
mand. He expects you will pay particular attention to the 
Establishment of Good order and discipline at that Post 
and that you give every possible assistance to the Officers 
of the Several staff Departments at Gloucester in Collecting 
and removing their Stores. 

I am Sir 

Y r Ob f Hble Serv 1 
Colo. J. Olney E. Hand Ad. Gen 1 

Command Rho. Isl d Reg 1 

Camp June 30 th 1781 

I am just favoured by the rec r of your note of thia date, 
don't wish to be possessed of any article that I am not 

Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 3o7 

entitled to, or more than I want, as Brigad r I am entitled 
to a Marque, there must also be one to Issue Orders as I 
look upon it also that the Gentlemen of the Office should 
have one to cover them, but if that be not the case, any 
person better entitled to one shall have it. 

There is no person in the Army has more use for their 
horses, or wants them nearer hand than myself, the pasture 
I now have is convenient k no more than I want, no person 
shall occupy it except by order of the Commander in Chief, 
it would not be more than compliance to have informed 
me previous to freeing my Guard. 

Y r Hble SerV 
Colo Pickering Edw. Hand A. G. 

Q r M s Genl. 

At a Meeting of sundry Officers of the late Penn* Line 
held at the City Tavern in Philad" the 24 th of April 1784 
pursuent to Public notice given Colonel Francis Johnston 
in the Chair. 

Whereas the United States in Congress assembled did on 
the 3 r>1 day of Xov. r 1783 Resolve "That the Pay Master 
General deposit in the hands of the Regimental Agents the 
Certificates for the arrears of pay due to the Officers and 
Soldiers of the respective Lines to be by them delivered to 
the individuals to whom they belong, or deposited for their 
benefit as the Supreme Executive Power of the State to 
which the respective Agents belong shall direct." 

And Whereas iu the present dispersed state of t)io lata 
Pennsylvania Line it is found impracticable to appoint 
Regimental Agents as directed by the above Resolution 
Nevertheless it being absolutely necessary to appoint some 
person or persons to receive from the Pay Master General 
the Certificates of pay Ac* due to the said Line and dis- 
tribute or deposit the same agreeably to the said Resolve I 
do therefore hereby Certify that Major Thomas B. Bowcn 
and Captain Ercurius Beatty are unanimously elected 

358 Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 

Agents for the purposes aforesaid: And that it is the desire 
of the said Meeting of Officers that the said agents do wait 
on the Supreme Executive Council as well for their confir- 
mation of the said appointment as for their directions con- 
cerning the Execution of the Trust reposed in them. 
Given under my hand this 24 th day of April 1784. 

Francis Johnston. 

Letter of Chas. Stewart Esq r to 
the Noble Major Genl. Sullivan 
dated Easton 3 d June 1779. 

As it may be possible I cant accompany you from Wyo- 
ming to Tioga, I thought by giving you in writing wat 

O O ' ^> */ CD CD t, O 

Places are propper for Encampm* on your March might be 
of some use. They are as follows Yizt. from — Wyoming 
to the mouth of Lahawanack is good Road Both sides of 
the River but best on the west side, opposite the mouth of 
Lahawanack is a pretty Island for the Boatmen & Cannoea 
to lay very Safe at, at this Place you will I think Encamp 
the first night. 

The second days march will be over a mountain And 
your Ground for Encampment will be at a place cal'd Quil- 
utimack, where you will find an old Indian field & Good 
Water & the Ruins of a settlement made by our People. 

The next day will with great ease carry you to Tank- 
hanack where you will find plenty of good Grass, a fine 
stream of water & good ground to Encamp on, with open 
Woods North side of the Creek. 

The next day if possible I would get as far as the place 
on which one Frederick Vanderlip lately dwelt here you 
will find Good Ground to Encamp on & Good Water — but 
if you cant get so far you will stop at the mouth of 
Mashapen, which is not a very good place as it is Scarce of 

The next day will bring you to Wyaloosing and this days 
march will require particular attention as the Ground is 

Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 359 

favorable for the Enemy to contend, between Vanderlips 
& the mouth of Tuscarora Creek is a remarkable ridge 
of Hills k a very narrow Pass, at Tuscarora Creek the 
Country opens, k caution will be necessary in ascending the 
Hill between Tuscarora Hill & "WYaloosing. 

I think it Probable you will Halt at Wyaloosing one day 
or two, and that your first days march from there will 
carry you to a place Called Veesangtring or Rush meadow 
Creek here you will find plenty of Good food k Good 
Water k open Ground to encamp on. 

The next day will bring you to Towandani where you 
will find plenty of Good Grass k Good Ground. 

The next day will bring you to She^hequenung a place 
of Plenty k safe Encampment, after you cross the River 
but Crossing will require a little Attention. 

From Sheshequenung to Tioga is in part good k part 
Bad ground to march over there is a Hill on the way but 
at Queen Esters palace at Tioga you will find a long body 
of Cleared bottom k Grass in Abundance. 

Col. Zebulon Butler of Regg's Reg' will be a proper 
person to give you information of the Grounds over which 
you are to march, there is a jSTew England Lad named Sam 1 
Gray at Blinker's Mills that knows that Country very well 
k will readily go with you I believe you will find him a 
Trusty fellow 

I am k c a 

A Description of the Road from Weyoming to Wyeluaing 
and the distance from one Sta^e to another. 

From Weyoming to Lackawaney ten miles the road 
tollerable good pas-able for any kind of Carriages from 
thence to Gardners 3 miles the road good except one mile 
where the road goes between the End of a Mountain and 
the River but passable for pack-horses when the river is low 
from thence to Wyelutimunk 4 miles the road good. Except 
one mile where the road £oes between the end of a Moun- 

360 Correspondence of Gen. Edward Hand. 

tain and the River but passable at all seasons of the year 
from thence to Tankamack 10 miles the road tollerable good 
from thence to Merhoping 12 miles the road tollerable good 
except one bad mile about 3 miles from Tankamcock where 
the road leaves the river from thence to Vanderlisst 4 miles 
the road good from thence to Depews 3 Miles the road good 
except half a mile where the road goes between the end of 
a Mountain the River which is passable at all seasons of the 
Year from thence to Wychwink 7 miles the road good. 
The whole distance 53 Miles. 

Notes and Queries. 301 



James Logan's Opinion on Certain Land Titles in Pennsyl- 
vania, 1734. 

Being desired to give my Sentim 1 * on the case of Anne Frown, 
Daughter to Coll. William Markham as she has presented it to our 
Proprietor Thomas Penn Esq. I shall here give what I know of that 
affair being probably better acquainted with it than any other person now 
living with all the Truth and exactness in my power. 

Coll Markhams name being by some means entred amougst the List 
of the first Purchasers of Lauds in this Province for y e quantity of five 
thousand acres tho I could never learn that he had any Grant by Deeds 
as all other Purchasers had presuming on that while he was Secretary 
of the Province to cause Some Tracts of Lands in the Countrey and Letts 
in the City to be survey'd to him. The late Proprietor coming over in 
the year 1699 with whom I also at the same time came as his Secretary, 
being offended with that Gentleman for some part of his Conduct aa 
Gorern r which he then was, objected also to him that he had presumed 
to make those surveys without any right, and therefore declared them 

Jacob Regnier with whom I had an intimate acquaintance having 
married Govern 1 " Markham's wife's daughter in his frequent journeys 
between New York & Maryl* applied to me to know whether on a 
Grant to him from his father in law he might not have some of that 
Land, I told him the case, and so it lay for many years after. 

One Theodore Colby Nephew to Govern 1 Markhams' Widow upon 
some encouragern* from his Aunt came over to her from London . 
the year 1717 or 1718 to New York, where great notice was taken of 
him for his Integrity and some other qualities by Brigadier Hunter then 
Govern r of New York who was known to express a particular friec 
for me. He in discourse with T. Colby found y* Gent was under some 
disappointm 1 * in his expectations from his Aunt, but understood that 
she had offered him between 2 & 3 thous d acres of the Land her deci 
husband had Claimed in Fensilv 1 * which might be of some value to him 
if he could procure it. The Brigadier hereupon as the Widow exp 
made use of his Interest with me while I was at N. York on 
public business in y* Month of May & June, 1719 & to try to obta Q a 
Grant of the Land for him. I answered as I could not find Coll. 
Markham ever had any Right it was not in mine or ourCommis 
Power to give the Land and if he ever obtain'd it, it nui*t be by a Grant 
directly from the Proprietor's Heirs or Exet. The Brigadier being then 
extreamly afflicted with y« Sciatica had some thought ol taking a Voyage 
to Britain to try for a Cure & desired that in case he went I would g re 
him a Lett to the Exec r ' in Colbv'e favour and he would himself 

362 Notes and Queries. 

Sollicite it I desired to See the Right that he claim 'd by, upon W= h before 
I left N. York T. Colby produced some an Authentic Deed from hi3 
Aunt for 2400 Acres of it, and at the Same time a Copy of it Sign'd as 
I remember by the Same Witnesses that had sign'd the Original. He 
also gave me a Petition to the Commissioners which he begg'd me to lay 
before them in case the Brigadier should not embark for England. But 
he did embark the following July and forwarded my Lett 1 " as directed. 
Yet nothing was done in it till Colby in the year 1722 went over him- 
self and then waiting on M rs Perm with a Lett r from the Brigadier, he 
procured her Letter to me of ye 25 tb of febry 172£ directing that Thcod. 
Colby should have the sd 2400 Acres of Land & also that the Remaind 7 
of the 5000 Acres should be granted to such as had the right of claim 
under W m Markham w ch Lett r I have, he also obtain'd a Duplicate of 
it directed to y e Widow Markhaui that by vertue of those who claim'd 
the Remaind r might obtain it Theod. Colby inclosing this Lett r to me 
in his own of the 8 March following viz 172J desired I would help him 
in the disposal of the Land, an opportunity for Engl 1 presenting very 
soon after my Receipt of it I told him I design' d to embark myself for 
Engl'd the Same Summer accordingly I did embark and arriv'd in 
London ye Noy cr following where T. Colby soon met me & earnestly 
press'd me to buy his Land but he was in so weak a State of health that 
he appear' d to me unfit for business & his distemper grew so fast on him 
that the next Spring it terminated in Distraction w ch brought him up to 
one of those houses provided for persons in that Condition where not 
long after he ended his Life. 

i James Steel being at N. York in the year 1726 he purchased of the 
Widow Brown and her Daughter 2000 xVcres of the Remainder of Coll. 
Markham's for w ch on his Return he produced to the Coram" her 
Daughter Joannah's Deed as also that other Duplicate of M ri Perm's 
own Lett r to make good the claim, and he then told me the Widow had 
given him an Instruction where Theod. Colby's heirs might be found in 
Lond if he had any Inclination to purchase his Land. Accordingly 
going over himself to EngP in 1729 he made the Purchase. 

It therefore appears to me somewhat Surprizing how the Widow 
Brown could possibly be persuaded to represent her case as She calls it 
in a Manner so inconsistent with common Justice and in some part frith 
her own knowledge, but probably she knew not the whole. The 
Widow Markham's Original Deed to her Nephew \\ ih as I have said was 
produced to .me it seems is not now to be found. 

Theod. Colby as appears by his Lett" to me of w ch I have Several, 
when he left New York in 1722 fully intended to return thither within 
one year, & therefore probably not expecting an opp' 7 of disposing ot 
the Land in Engl d if he should obtain it, for w ch he depended on my 
Lett 1- to Mrs. Penn and not on his Deed from his Aunt, he might 
probably I say leave the Deed in N. York and if so some there mi?ht be 
the most capable of accounting for it. But Coll Markham had no Deeds 
and the Grant depends wholly on Mrs. Penns Lett 1 which expressly 
gives those 2400 Acres to Theodor Colby therefore if there never had boon 
a Deed to him from his Aunt the Right from him is ^o.o^. But that 
there truly was such a Deed of which 1 had and brought with me a true 
Copy still in being I am an Evidence which I here certify under my 
hand this 25 th of June 1734. 

J. L. 

Notes and Queries. 363 

Letter of David Powell to Jame3 Logan, 1725. — 
Lov : ffriend 1 

James Logan. } 

I have So many Times Attended & desired the Meeting of the Comis- 
sioners (of which thou Art chiefly concerned) That I have almost 
wearied my Self But my Interest so very much now Stiffening and I 
being Aged and weak and not knowing how soon I may be Seized with 
Sickness and so not be able to Attend my own Affairs of any kind. I 
Therefore with due Submission for the Considerations ails' 1 Begg thou 
wilt be pleased to favour me with Appointing Some Speedy time of 
hearing & considering of my Acco u . I have that Confidence that I can 
prevail with my fr 45 Hill & Xorris if thou please to Appoint But know- 
ing that thou art best Acquainted with Acc u of that kind Therefore my 
Chief Dependance is on thee for Justice And therefore Desire thou 
wouldst be pleased to favour me so far as not to occation me to Give 
thee farther trouble in this affair. 

Thy Speedy Answer and Complyance with 
My request will much oblige 

Thy friend 
Philad a 8 br y e 28 th 1725. ■ David Powel. 

Letter of Joseph Watson to Thoma3 & Joseph Wharton, 

Alexandria, 13 th June 1764. 
Mess" Thomas & Joseph Wharton, 

I was favoured with your very oblig- 
ing Letter of the 7 th of April To which you wou'd have Received an 
Answer long before this but that I hoped by delaying I shou'd be en- 
abled to write still more to your satisfaction relative to several particu- 
lars you were desirous of being made acquainted with & which wou'd 
have given me great satisfaction to have communicated to you. 

A Survey of the increase of the Numbers of People A Value 
of Lands of our Frontier and adjacent Counties for some years pa^t 1 
thought might be both Useful and interesting. A Gentleman will quali- 
fied for the Purpose from his having successively til I'd a Variety of 
Public Posts in one of the Remote Counties engaged to furnish me frith 
all the materials necessary. I make no doubt he has them in readine-s. 
But of Late the Savages have cutt off almost all Communications 
between the back Inhabitants and us. 

The Deeds for the Land upon Potomack in Frederick County I will 
6end to you by the first good Opportunity after I have been in that 
County (being there lodg'd in the Clerk's* Office), which I expect will 
be in a Week or ten Days. If the Indians will give me Leave. 

The 400 Acres of Land Adjoining the Lands for which you have 
Deeds already would have been Survey'd and deeded before this Time 
but through a Neglect of the Surveyors to take from the Offic Booka the 
Courses of the pre survey'd Tracts.' I think there is no Sort of Dotlbfl 
of its being done next Winter sooner I'm Apprehensive it cannot he 
done with Safety however I shall take particular care by re. 
renewing the Warrant to prevent its falling into the Hands tl 
Person else. 

364 Notes and Queries. 

You may Assure yourselves, My much valued Friends ! that I will 
neglect nothing in my Power that may redound to your advantage. If 
the dede^table Savages had not prevented us you wou'd have had the 
Lands you requested taken up for you before this Time. 

But as Col W Castin (The Proprietors Agent) has determined Not to 
receive any Entries or grant any Warrants for these as yet untouched 
Lands Before He has first of all survey 'd for himself 10,000 Acres He 
intended it last Spring & I was to have been of the Party. (If the 
Indians had not interposed) After having done which he designed to 
give leave to any Person asking it to make 2 Entries of 400 or 500 acres 
each. I should Necessarily have had the first Chance and depend upon 
it my worthy Friends wou'd not have been forgot. I expect we shall 
get it done next Winter if the Season is att all Favourable. 

I was going to send you (unconsiderately) a Paltry Survey of Lord 
Fairfax's Grant commonly called the Northern Neck But as it was by 
no means worth your paying postage for, I Resolved to postpone it till 
I wou'd meet with a better. The Mapmaker had not even so much as 
taken Notice of the South Branch of Potomack or as the Indians call it 
the great Wappacomo. Though it is much longer & larger River than 
the North Branch before their Conflux. Nor has he mentioned Patter- 
son's Creek so famous for its fine Lands & the great Extent of Country 
it runs through. 

Lord Fairfax prom is' d to send me a large & well finished one But I 
imagine he has forgot it 

Col George Washington tells me that you will Receive more Satisfac- 
tion from Jeffersons & Fry's Map of Virginia than from any other it is 
probable you may have of them in Philadelphia If there had been any 
Here I wou'd have contrived you one. 

Whatever Relates to the Lands I purchas'd for you since I had the 
Pleasure of seeing you will be mentioned in my Letter to Mr. Joseph 

A good part of the Wines turn'd out very indifferently in Spite of 
good Cellars and all the Pains I cou'd take, They were not to be pre- 
vented from becoming Sour. 

The Pipe of Wine I had from Mr. Tho s Wharton though I cannot say 
it is prick d yet neither its Flavour or Colour by any Means Please. I 
have not been able to sell it for near what it cost me. Perhaps it may 
have been used 111 on Board the Vessel. 

Pray let me be remembered in the most respectful manner to Both 
your Ladies & believe me to be with great Affection and Esteem 

Your Sincere Friend & Hble Serv 1 

Joseph Watson. 

Letter of John Hughes to Thomas Wharton, 17G9. — 

L'pper Merrion, June 1* 1709. 

I have now waited a long Time expecting that a little cool Reflection 
would bring you to Reason and Justice, I therefore once more call 
upon you by the Bearer my Son John to pay your Note of Hand. 
And I also request that you will by Letter delivered him let me know 
when you will pay it, and also what Time I shall call to leave the 

Notes and Queiics. 365 

Article sign'd relative to the Residuary Sura that may become due, there 
being already a Part of the Land sold and the Money or at leaBt the 
Bonds for my Part now due to me. If my Son did not take you wrong, 
you once express' d a Pleasure in having it in your Power to expose me 
in Open Court. If Justice is not done me immediately on the Receipt 
of this, I will apply to the Meeting for it, and if that proves ineffectual 
the Law shall take Place. It is no pleasure to me to expose you or any 
of my former Friends But if you oblige me to it, tis not my Fault. 
Therefore please to remember that you gave Mr. Reed a Letter in which 
you say you are Ready to execute the Article if I would execute the 
Release, I did the latter, & if the former is refused or further delayed, 
I shall not only be justified in saying but will publicly declare that the 
Release afores d was basely and surreptitiously obtain'd by you. I have 
neither injured you nor yours in any Thing whatsoever & therefore am 
not fearful of any Thing you can justly charge me with, But perhaps it 
may not be amiss in you to recollect that you have said some Things of 
me that you cannot juatifie by any means therefore if Recrimination is 
brought, forward it shall be your own Act, and not mine. 

I am your illused Friend 
Jo N Hughes 
To M r Thomas Wharton. 

Letter of Mary Siddons to Thomas Wharton, 1758. — 

Salem June 28, 1758. 
ffriehd wharton pleese to send me by the bearer one doson of prityes 
like the patran and three pounds of good french indego and I have sent 
by thee bearer three pounds ten shilling let the indego be good or none 
thy complyence will oblige thy friend 

Mary Siddons. 


to 6 pds of chacolet I forgot before to mention, 

A School Bill of Charles Mifflin, made out in blank by the 
scholar, and filled in by his Master. 


Quarter Bill for Preceding Quarter. 

Dr. Cha* Mifflin to Board & Lodging © £30 per ann. 
Cloathing at £12. per Ann 
Books 9/ paper, Quills, ink, &c 3/4 
Pocket Money at 6d per week 
Time wou* have been worth 


Whole Cost £12 . 16 . 4 

Cr. Began to Keep a Diary, June 26 in which Time I said 64 morning 
Lessons ; Read Eng. History, 59 times, Read Poetry 26 time?, Read 


10 . 



12 . 


6 . 


10 . 


18 . 


17 . 


366 Notes and Queries. 

Roman History 24 times, Attended Lecture on Latin Gram. 62, At- 
tended Lecture on Eng. Gram. 4$ times, Said 82 Lessons in Corn. 
Nepos, Made 43 Latin Ex r Had Tryals for Places at the Table 12 timei, 
Place in I s * Class Head 3 times, Foot none, Absent none, Read 113 
Chapters in the Holy Bible, Attended Divine worship at the Friends 
meeting 12 times, Had 8 Lectures on Geog. Maps. Wrote 8 Copies. 

Masters Certificate that Charles Mifflin has performed his Ex r well, 
Studies diligently makes a Very Desirable progress in Learning. 

P. Webster. 
To Mr Thomas Wharton (his Guardian). 
Sep. 24, 1764. 

Cost of Mahogany Furniture, one hundred and fifty years ago. 

Thomas Wharton 

To James James Dr. 


Nov r 10 To Mehogony Desk & bookcase 

11 Half Doz Mehogony Compass Chears 

" Seats for same 

11 Mehogony Tea Table 

" 6 Eyes for looking glasses and fixing 

" half Doz. plain Chears & and one low do 

11 6 brass handles & 2 Escutchions 

11 a sett of brass Castors 

" fixing 2 Cornishes & repairs 

" 1/2 Doz Chears Clav* & Stretchers 

" Sundry Jobs by the boye 

'■• a p r of blinds 

An Echo of Germantown Academy. — 

Germantown Dec r 24 1762 

I thought it incumbent on me to acquaint you, that my Usher has 
got the 'smallpox, that you & Mr. 'Lewis may consult what Measures are 
to be taken with Mr. Charley [Mifflin]. 

If you desire he should come to Town your Brother's Chair will be 
here to Dav for little Joe. I am, 

Your Oblig'd humble Ser 1 

D. Jam. Dove. 
To Thomas Wharton. 

22 . . 

13 . 10 . 

1 . 10 . 


7 . 



9 . 


6 . 

3 . 

9 . 12 . 

5 . 


£59 . 11 . 


■* 176S. 

In Memoriam. — 

Respected Friend ) 
Thos. Wharton, j 

This is to desire thee to lay out £20 on a piece of Plate for my kind 
friend, Thy Sister Wharton, please to give my Dearest Love to her and 

Notes and Queries. 367 

tell her I request it as a favour she will accept it not as an adequate for 
her affectionate regard to my Dear Husband, but as from the hand of 
her Dear friend and in Remembrance of him. Thou'l please to put this 
to my private Ace 1 and not mention it to any person. 

I am very Respectfully 
Thou'l be so kind as not Thy much oblig'd friend 

to let W. P. see my Letters H. Laycocke. 

but let them be return' d. 

Letter of Thomas Livezey to Thomas Wharton. — 

June 29th, 1764. 

Respected Friend I've Sent thee bran 

As Neat & Clean as any Man 

Pve took Great Pains for fear of Loss 

to thee in foundering of thy Horse 

It's Ground With Bur. and Ground so nice 

it Looks as t'was bolted twice 

But that's Nornatter Since it's Such 

thy Man Can't ever feed tomuch 

I mean Can't founder if he wou'd 

I've took Such pains to Make it Good. 

Nor will it Ever Dust his Cloaths 

Nor Give thy horse a Mealy Nose 

And further in its praise Pie Say 

t'will Never Make him Runaway 

but if on this alone he's fed 

a Child may hold him with a thread 

feed freely then Nor be in Doubt 

Fie send thee More when this is out. 
It is 30 bushells I have sent thee, and Notwithstanding the Labour 
& Care I have taken to oblige thee which the bran itself will testify to 
any one Who is a Judge I have Charged only 15 pr. bushell — Lower 
then Can Well be aforded ; but I shall not Regard that as it is to a friend 
— it May appear to thee perhaps that I have Said Rather tomuch in praise 
of the bran yet upon Examination I think it will appear [illegible] 
for if it Don't fully answer the Discription I have Given it I should 
"Not be unwilling to make some abatement in price — this from thy Most 
Respectfull & Sincere friend 


Tonsoiual Charges in 1774. — 

PniLAD*Oct r 4 1774 
Mr Thomas Wharton 

To Bryan Hara D r 
To one years Sheaving & dressing vour Wigs £2.0.0. 


I take this method of informing you, that I think the above too little 
for doing your business 2/3 d of my Customers pays me three potmda a 
year and does not get quite so much done, for instance Messrs John 
Reynell & John Bringhurst pays it, wou'd be much obliged to you to 
consider it, for the Ensuing year, I am Sir Your H'ble Serv 1 

Bryan Hara. 

368 Notes and Quetnes. 

Letter of Thomas Cadell, of London, to Thomas Wharton, 
Sir :— 

I did myself the pleasure of writing a few lines to you by the Packet 
dated Nov. 2S 1772 concerning the Ballance due me from Mess* Brad- 
ford requesting you to recover that Ballance without further delay. 
Since this I have not heard from you which makes me trouble you with 
this earnestly begging you will act in this affair with all possible 
dispatch. In expectation o( hearing from you soon I remain Sir, 

Your most Hble. Serv. 
London, Thos. Cadell. 

August 20, 1773. 

I saw your Brother a few days ago in good health and spirits. 

Letters of William Aubrey, of London, to James Steel, 
Philadelphia, with power to settle account with James Logan, 

London y e 9 Aprill 1730 
James Steele 

Esteemed Friend. 

The other side are a few Queries which relate to our affaires in the 
Mannr* of Steining & Mountjoy in Pennsilvania which I earnestly In- 
treat thee to prevaile with my friend James Logan to answer Pticulary 
for I have been Kept in the darke a great many years I hope that James 
will explaine these Queryes wth trouble to thee and that thee will 
speedily after it will please God that the arrives send me an account 
there of and Excuse this trouble from me who am 

Thy Assured faithful friend 
W M Aubrey. 

London y fl 4* May 1730 
James Steele. 
Respected friend. 

The Inclosed is a Bond of my Brother in Law Ree3 Thomas who for 
7 years past & more I have sollicited to setle account but could never 
prevaile with him to do it therefore I Desire thee to putt this Inclosed 
Letter of Attorney in Execution and receive the money arising from the 
Bond for my use fforthwith & pleass to pay thy self Comission and all 
other Expenses which will very much oblidge 
In hast 

Thy assured Friend 
W* Aubrey. 

1701. The Man r of fleming laid out in 1701 & surveyed by Henry 
Hollingsworth in 1707 was 15000 acres of Land as appears by ye Pattent 
for which I allowed J: Logan £10.15' for surveying at 25* V* m. as 
appears by his account. 

In 1723 James Logan sends me an account wherein it appears that 
then he had sold But 59G4 Acres of it att the same time he alsoe sends 
me Isaac Taylers Letter to him which gives J* pticular* of about 7000 

Notes and Queries. 369 

acres which were then unsold as appears by the Draught of y' same for 
which Draught & Survey I paid J : Logau £20. as appears by hi3 
account sent me then. 

Q: 1. What become of 2000 acres missing in y* above account and 
alsoe what become of y e 7000 acres which appeared then to be unsold if 
any of it is sold when sold, to whom sold what price it is sold for and 
what is become of the money for I have not received above £600 on y 1 
account for 7 years past and on y e account of Bonds due to me att that 
time as appears by J. L. account to be about £430 besides Interest on 
said bonds ever since. 

In 1707 there was 5000 acres of Land surveyed in the County of 
Chester as I doe aprehend for my Dear wife in S r Jn° Fagg's name for 
which Survey I allowed James Logan as appears by his account £8.1.8. 
and to Tho. Storey for Registring 3 pattents £3.5.4. 

Q: 2 d . What is become of that 5000 acres alsoe I hope tbat James 
Logan will not suffer us to be wronged of it our Father Penn Left Land 
Enough to make good his pattents especially to y- Child of her that 
brought him twenty thousand pounds fortune whose Estate Layd y e 
foundation of the province. 

The Man 7 of Mountjoy as appears by the Pattent was 7000 Acres. I 
never had an account but of 600 acres of it Sold. <fc y* was before 1723. 

Q: 3 d . Wliats become of y e rest of that Man r how much sold, when 
sold, what price sold for and to whom sold what Quitt rent is paid & how 
much Land is Liable to pay Quitt rent and what reason Can be given 
that the Liberty Land belonging to it was not taken up which I am sure 
was Intended my wife by her father and is our Due yett why I have not 
a Draught of it tho' soe often desired and how much of y e High Street 
Lott and the other Lotts belonging to that man r is there unsold. 

Q. 4. What Reason can be given that Rees Thomas his account 
(which I have soe often pressed & been very uneasy about) cannot be 

Q. 5. Why Ralph Ashton is suffered to abuse me soe long in not 
paying me my money Laid out for him soe long since. 

James Logans Letters of y e 7 & 18 Sbr 1723 writes that our L3nd in 
y* Man r of Steining are claimed by y e Crown & Lord Baltimore and that 
he will not endanger himself to Lye in a jayle In making Sale of them. 
James Logan in his Letter of y e 3 d 8br 1729 writes to y e same effect and 
that noe Attorney in his senses will warrant y e Sale of Steining Land 
and that he was to meet Resse Thomas y e week following to Settle with 

J. Logan his Letter of y e 15 9br 1729 to y e same effect Butt noe ac- 
count that Rees Thomas had settled with him. 

Letter of James Steel to Thomas Story of London, Relat- 
ing to Lands in Pennsylvania. — 

Philada. 30 u ' S tr 1718. 
Esteemed ffr d ) 

Tho: Story ) 

I have thine of y e 14 th 5 m0 lust p Jehu Curtis who arrived here about 
two weeks since. In answer whereunto please to take the (following 
acco* (viz) 

I finde in the list of ffirst purchassers one John Jones of London for 
500 Acres of Land and that two warrants were granted for the laying of 

VOL. XXXIII. — 24 

370 Notes and Queries. 

it out one of which was granted to Henry Waddy for 250 a's dated y* 
14 th 5 mo 1G84 the other to John Rush dated y e 24 th 7 mo in y e Same year 
for 240 acres together with the Lot & Liberty Lands the Lott falls on 
Schuylkill Side of the City. 

To the "Warrants there are noe Returns in the office but in the Map 
of the Province there is a Tract laid down for 500 acres in Warminster 
Township, Bucks County and in my hands a Draught of the like quan- 
tity located by T. ftairman as he Saves in the Same place for John Jones 
and yet lies without any other claim to it as I can understand by any 
person I have enquired of. The Writings in my hands concerning it, 
are only the afh'dvits of two psons taken before the Mayor & Alderman 
of London certified under the City Seal Testifying that Eliz. Hilton was 
the only Sister & Heir of John Jones and her Power of Attorney to Gilb. 
ffalconar to Sell the Land, and also Gilbt. Mollesons Letter to GitT. in 
favour of the Widow, & the above Draught from T. ff. 

The original Deeds (or Copies) I have never Seen nor any other writ- 
ing concerning it more than I have mentioned. 

As for the Sale thou mentions made to Jn° Hart I know nothing of it 
but soon after the papers were put in my hands I agreed with one Henry 
Comly who lives near the Land that he should have it for 100 Sterl. 
upon payment whereof he was to take his Title from the Woman but he 
soon after declined his bargain, since which several persons has orTered 
to buy but cannot pay as I would have them, but one Isaac Knight was 
with me yesterday to treat about it who inclines to have it and says he 
can pay in some short time, he is gon to view it & is then to give me his 
answer : with kinde love and respect I am 

Thy Assured I/>. rTr ,d 

James Steel. 

Marcus Htjlings Leases a Tract of Land in Manatawny 
Township to Mining Company, 1723. — 

Articles of Agreement made the fourteenth day of January Anno 
172^ Between Marcus Huling of Manatawney in the County of Phila- 
delphia yeoman of the one part and Jonathan Robeson of the Same 
County William Branson of the City of Philad % Thomas Shute of y e 
Sd County of Philad* Nicholas Scull & James Steel both of y* said City 
of the other part Witnesseth that the said Marcus Huling for the 
Considerations herein after mentioned doth Covenant & agree to & with 
the said Jonathan Robeson William Branson Thomas Shute Nicholas 
Scull & James Steel that they with their Servants Shall Enter into & 
upon the Tract of Land belonging to the said Marcus Huling Scituate 
in the Township of Manatawney aforesaid Containing two hundred 
Acres and thereon to digg & Sinlc^proper Pitts <fc Wells for the finding 
of Mine Oar and after the same shall be found & discovered that the 
said persons Shall have free Liberty to carry away the same and also 
be allowed to cut & fell such Timber and Wood on the said Tract vi 
Land as shall be Needfull for the Carrying on & Supplying this present 
undertaking and Agreement which is to Continue & be in force for the 
Term of Thirty years next ensuing ye date hereof. In Consider 
whereof the said Jonathan Robeson William Branson Thomas Shute 
Nicholas Scull and James Steel doe hereby promise & agree to pa; unto 
the said Marcus Huling or to his Assigns One Clear Sixth part of all 
the Oar that shall be found by them or their Servants on the said Tract 

Notes and Queries. 371 

of Laud free of & from all Cost & Charge in Digging the same and Also 
the first Ton <fc half of Oar that shall be digged to his own proper use, 
And further the said parties do mutually agree to make & Execute such 
further Articles Covenants & Writings as from time to time shall be 
found needfull for the more effectuall carrying on this undertaking and 
for the true performance hereof Each party hereby becomes bound unto 
the other in the Sum of one Thousand pounds of Lawfull Money of 
America "Witness their hands & Seals the day & year first above 

Nich Scull j l. s. t 

James Steel j l. s. I 

Jonat Robeson j l. s. [ Marcus Hr lings j l. 8. | 

Willi Branson J l. s. [ 

Thomas Shtjte 


The within Instrument was Sealed & Delivered in the presence ot 
John Willmerton, 
P Lesher. 

Memorandum The within named Jonathan Robeson William 
Branson Thomas Shute Nicholas Scull & James Steel Do hereby Con- 
sent & Agree to associate & take into their part of the within agree- 
ment, John Warder Barnabas Roadcs John Ball John Scull and William 
Shute Who Do promise & engage in the same penalty the within named 
persons have subscribed to, that they will together with them promote 
& prosecute the within undertaking according to the Articles already 
executed or which shall hereafter by them Signed & Executed, on the 
same Terms and Shares therein Expressed or which may hereafter be 
further agreed to Witness their hands & Seals the 19 1 " 1 day of y* first 
Month 172£. 

Sealed & Delivered in John Warder < l. s. I 

ye presence of ' ^^ ? 

Thomas Sharp. Barn-abas Roams f Zl } 

Mary Boyden. ' ^^ ' 

JonN Ball j l. s. | 

A Copy of Will of Samuel Richardson, of Philadelphia, 

I Samuel Richardson of the City of Philad* In the of Pensyl- 
vania, Gent, being Aged and Infirm in Body but of Sound Mind and 
Memory and Considering the tTrailty of Life and that all flesb must I>ye 

372 Notes and Queries. 

Do make and ordain this my Last Will & testament as follows revoking 
all former & and other Wills Legacys and Bequests. 

First I will that all my Just Debts and funerale Expenses be Duly 
Paid & Discharged 

Also I Give Devise & Bequeath unto my Dear Wife Elizabeth during 
her Natural Life the Yearly Rent of three Pounds one shillings 6c three 
Pence payable from Hugh Lowdon & his Heirs — Three Pounds Yearly 
Rent due from Abram Bickley — Five Pounds seven Shilliugs & three 
Pence due from James Jacob yearly — Two Pounds yearly due from 
Thomas Tresse — One Pound yearly Rent due on Ace* of the House & 
Lott Mary Pain widow Lives in & thirty shillings yearly Rents due from 
Stephen Stapler and Mary Appleton all which said Sums being Ground 
Rents my Exc tr3 shall yearly Pay to my sd Wife for her own Use and 
Support every year so long as she Lives. 

Also I give and bequeath unto my Son in Law William Hudson ot 
the City of Philada Tanner one Pound ten Shillings & eight Pence 
Yearly Rents due from John Jones — three Pounds twelve Shillings due 
from James Tutthil — one Pound sixteen Shillings due from Anthony 
Morris for the White Hart — three Pounds twelve Shillings due from 
Hannah England — one Pound sixteen Shillings due from Penticost 
Wayne — three Pounds twelve Shillings due from Nathaniel Edgcomb, 
and two Pounds five Shillings from Mary Cooke All which sd sums are 
yearly Ground Reuts issuing out of certain Lotts of Land on the North 
Side of High Street in Philad 1 held of me for a term of years part un- 
expired he the sd William Hudson shall yearly receive and take during 
the Natural Life of my Daughter in Law Elizabeth Richardson after 
whose Decease all the sd Ground Rents in High Street I hereby give 
devise & bequeath unto my son Joseph Richardson & his Heirs forever — 
and I also do give and bequeath unto William Hudson during the 
afores'd Elizabeth Richardsons Life four Pounds two Shillings Sc six 
Pence yearly due from Randel Speakman — also I give and bequeath 
unto my afores'd Son Joseph my Great Copper and Great fryiug Pans — 
also I give and bequeath unto the afores'd Elizabeth Richardson my 
Great Silver tankard which shall be wholly & for her own use <k at her 
disposal only — Also I give devise & bequeath unto my Daughter Ann 
Cartlidge twenty Pounds Lawful Money of America & to each of my 
sd Daughter Ann's children by Edward Lane being six in number 
namely William, Samuel, James, Eleanor, Elizabeth and Anne the Bam 
of five Pounds a piece & to each of her the sd Anns three children by 
Edm d Cartledge eight Pounds a piece & I do also hereby give & be- 
queath unto each of my son Josephs seven Children Aubrey, Edward, 
Richard, William, Eleanor, Barbara & Elizabeth, ten Pounds apiece 
and I do also give and bequeath unto my Great Grand Daughter Hannah 
Cockfield daughter of Joshua Coekfield the sum of four Pounds all 
which Legacies my Exe" after my Wifes decease shall unto each of the 
afores'd Legatees out of my Estate on the Banks of Delaware in Philada. 
A3 the sd Legetees respectively attain unto the age of one ft twenty 
years or day of Marriage which shall happen first for Paying ft towards 
Discharging whereof I do hereby fully Impower & Authorise my Eiec r * 
herein after named after my sd Wifes decease to sell grant & convey all 
my sd Estate on the sd Banks afores'd unto any Purchaser or Purchasers 
and their Heirs and As ? igns forever as fully to all intents as I could do 
in person And one of my Exec ri dying the survyo r shall have full Power 

Notes and Queries. 373 

to P^xccutc the same as fully as if the other were Living Alto I give 
devise & bequeath unto my son in law W m Hudson aforesd his Heirs & 
Assigns forever All that front house & Lott where Tho" Tresse now lives 
he paying unto each of his eight children Samuel, William, John. 
Mary, Elizabeth, Susannah, Hannah & Rachel the sum of five Pounds 
apiece Also I give & bequeath unto my Wife aforesd my Lea.-t Silver 
tankard, one Silver porringer one Silver spoon & my Warming Pan 
together also with one half part of all my household* Goods Bedding 
and furniture Also I give and bequeath unto my two Grandsons Samuel 
Richardson & John Richardson all my wearing apparel] to be equally 
divided between them share &: share alike And I do hereby also give & 
bequeath unto the said Samuel Richardson my grandson one full half 
part of all my household Goods Bedding and furniture Also I give and 
bequeath after my Wifes decease my Negro Woman Dinnah unto my 
daughter Ann Cartledge aforesd And I do hereby nominate William 
Hudson aforesd and his son Samuel Hudson Exc™ of this my Last Will 
& testament unto each of whom I give five Pounds. In Witness whereof 
I the said Samuel Richardson have sett my Hand & Seal unto this my 
Last Will & testament dated the six Day of the fourth month called 
June in the fifth year of the Reign of King George over Brittain &c 
and in the year of our Lord God 1719 

Samuel Richardson. 

Signed Sealed & Delivered by the sd Samuel Richardson as his last 
will & testament in the Presence of the Interlination on the other side 
of four Pounds two Shillings & six Pence yearly due from Randel Spaek- 
man being made before signing. 

Abraham Bickley, 

John Ogdon, 

John Cadwalader. 

Isaac Norris on Pirates, 1699. [Norris Manuscripts, Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania.] — 

Philadelphia the 9 vb 4 mo. 1699. 
My Dear ffrd. 

Jonathan Dickinson. 

These comes via N. York at uncertenty soe write a few lines for cover 
to thy W T ivcs giveing the account of our Continued health and mercyes — 
wee count y e Days of thy absence and begin now to hope thou art a 

Norman put up for Jamaicai but wheu all most full altered his voyage 
and turned of again the 4 barrells of Flower for ad : Cohen by thy order 
Miller In New-Castle as cleared for Jamaicai but Refused fir 1 and I 
beleive it Is but a cover for Caladonia tho our Govornours Proclaima- 
tion by the Kings order has bin out against all Trade with them. 

Thomas Storry and Roger Gill yester day came up — Aron Is comeing 
up a Gain. 

We have 4 men in prison taken up as Pirates supposed to be KMds men. 
Shelly of York has brought to those parts Some Scores of y rj and there 
Is Sharp a looking out to tako y m we have various Reports a bo' their 
Riches and Some talk of much Money hid between this and the capes, 

374 Notes and Queries. 

there was Landed abo* 20 men as we understand at Each Cape and 
Several 1 gone to York. 

We hear a Sloope has bin seen Cruissing of the capes this consider- 
able Time But has not medled with any vessells yett. Tho 1 Spoke with 
Severall Inward Bound Hitchins and Lutterworth sailed last week If 
they be Bogue3 outward bound I fear thy'le plunder them thy wife and 
children well with flrds. Generally -with Dear Love conclude thine 

Isaac Norri.s. 

My wife and sisters and all Love to thee My Sister mightely plea-ed 
and Satisfied in thy wifes Company and Society as well as wee In her 
near Neiboured And I hope ours is not uneasy to her. 

Deare flrd, Philad* ye 6-5 Mo. 1699. 

Abra. John. 

It being Some time Since I wrote to thee, my friend Ship & Love 
makes me Embrace the Conveyancey by Jn° Cropp, haveing noe other 
Buissniess but y c Dutey of Corresponding, and to Eemitt the of y e 
prommice of Seeing U3 at our Yearly metting Tho. Storey & Koger 
Gill are Gone for New Eugland — Aron is Gone for Shrosberrey we sup- 
pose they all Intend to be at or : Meeting I am oblidged & Gratefully 
acknowledge thy Eememberance of me Verbally by our Frd 3 Tho thou 
could not Daigne to w r rite. 

The Earle Galley from Bristoll arrived here y e 28 Ultimo w th ab 1 150 
passengers wee Expect Thomas Musgraye In a Ship from Liverpoole 

Governer Penn has haired a Ship So y l we have how Greater hopes of 
of Seeing him y a Ever. Coll. hamilton Is at Seay tis Supposed & is 
Gover r of y e Jerseys. 

I need not advise the that Kidd and his men have been on these 
Coasts — hereing that Some of y m are Taken up w th you — But it may be 
proper to tell the y l Kidd Landed on Long Island from whence he Took 
of Ja. Emmot a Lawyer of New York. And Carryed him Towards 
Boston the Acco 1 of his Negotiation there thou hast by the Inclosed St : 
from the Earle Bellamont Some say Kidd Is Gone In Upon it w ch I Ques- 
tion for the Letter Seems to me Either a Decoy or a hook bated & heav'd 
out for a Little of that Same, tho' we must not Judge y e Action of great 
men this being but a flash of opinion on the first Keading for I just 
now Eeee d it by the post. All west Indies Goods verry deare nr* u-. aa 
In Barbadoes too I have advise 4 th 3 mo. Tobacoes Scarce worth fr l & 
Custome at Bristoll but no newse of this Kind can be Sent you I Know 
not what wadd further nor how far this Rambling Stutf may be accept- 
able Yett having Comitted it worth my while to write thou May account 
it worth y e Receiving from thy Assured frd. I. Norris. 

I hope thou had thy bread Safe, our family all well & thires Loves 
W tt mine to thy father mother & wife &c Richd. has bin out of ord r 
w" 1 a sore-throat but Prettey well a Gaine. 

A Bit of Germantown School History, 1763. — 

Germantown Sept r 26' h 1763. 
Gentlemen — 

After Meeting this Morning at Seven o'clock we sent a Letter Request" 
ing your Meeting us at Three in the afternoon When our Messenger 
Inform'd us one was gone out of town and the others BO Engaged in 

Notes and Queries. 375 

their own privet affairs that they Could not attend. Therefore wee take 
this second Oppertunety (in one Day) to Let you Know that wee have 
Done Nothing, but adjurn'd till tomorrow at Ten o'clock at which time 
wee Ernestly Request you Will Meet us to Take Possession of the 
Schoolhouse that Webster may Enter Agreeable to our contract with 
him. Wee pay so much Respect to you Cityzens that wee are Deter- 
mined to Do Nothing in the present affairs without you Except you 
Which wee Cannot Suspect Should prove Cowards in the Day of Battle 
Until! which time wee Shall Subscribe our Selves your Real friends 
My fr* George Absetnz, 

I will waite on Thos Wharton Christopher Sower, 

tomorrow Morning 9 o'clock, John Jokes, 

if he goes in a Chair I'll Rich Johnson, 

take a Seat, if not attend Jacob Naglee, 

him on Horseback, & Convince Niclaus Rittinghouse, 

those Gent, at Germt. we are not John Vandiren, 

cowards. J. G. Tho Livezey. 

, — « — , William Markham to Surveyor General 

I ^ rA1 ) Thomas Holme, 16S9.— 

{ ' } Whereas there was ft'ormerly a tract of Land of three 

v— - y — ■ thousand acres Lay'd out on ye Skulkill ffor Wm. Mark- 
ham Purch 4 adjoyning to ye Proprietory Mannour of Gil- 
berts as it now stands in y e printed Mapp of y e Improved part of Penn- 
silvania fTor y e Laying out of w ch tract there was no warr 1 but only a 
verball ded e to y c Survey 03 Deputy And whereas there is ffive hundred 
acres of Land Contiguous unto y e aforesaid tract w ch was rlbrmerly layd 
out unto Jacob Pollisson by vertue of a warr' fironi y° Commissioners 
bearing date y e 7 th day of y e 12 th month 168?- upon Rent and y- Said 
Jacob Pollisson being absent out of the Province and hath been about 
Two Years and no Improvement being made thereon according to 

These are therefore in y e Proprietors name to will and There to Make 
returne toy e Secretarys office of both the aforesaid tracts of Land in one 
tract in y e name and for y e aforesaid W m Markham as part of his purchase 
w th y e Exact bounds and time tkev were lay'd out Dat at Philadelphia 
y c 9 th day of ye Third mo 16S9 

To Capt. Tho. Holme Wm Markham 

Survey e Gen e11 

Accounts Concerning the Building of the Stone Meeting 
House at German-town, A.D. 1705. — 

This Meeting House stood in the East corner of the Burying Ground 
on the Southwest side of the Germantown Main street, about 125 feet 
Northwest of the present Coulter Street. The following abstracts are 
made from the "Account," in the custody of Germantown Preparative 
Meeting of Friends, written on Rittcnhouse Mill paper, in the hand- 
writing of Francis Daniel Pastorius. 

"Anno 1705 the 20th of 4th month, Friends of Germantown bo't of 
Heivert Papen a Lott or fifty acres of land for the sum of Sixty Pounds 
Curr't silver money of Pensilvania." 

"Subscription of Friends belonging to Germantown Meeting and 
paid as followeth," by Aret Klincken, John Luken, William Stiepers, 

376 Notes and Queries. 

Dcuis Kunders, Lenert Arets, Peter Shoemaker, Paul Wolff, Thomas 
Potts, Sen'r, James Delaplaine, Isaac Shoemaker, Jacob Shoemaker, 
Matthew Milan, William Wilkinsen, Abraham Tunes, Francis Daniel 
Pastorius, Peter Clever, Johanes Kuder, Dirk Jan sen, Wolter Simens, 
Simon Andrew, John Griffith. Paul Kastner. Andrew Kramer, Elias 
Burley, Mary Doeden, Anthony Loof, Cunrad Cunders (in all £48. 15s. 
in cash and £70. 5s. 2d. in work and materials). 

"Subscriptions by Friends belonging to the Monthly Meeting at 
Philadelphia." Paid by Anthony Morris, Samuel Carpenter, Nathan 
Stanbury, John Jones, Thomas Masters, George Gray, William For- 
rest, Edward Shippen, John Persons, Richard Hill, Thomas Griffith, 
John Goodson, Nicholas Wain, William Wait, Hugh Derborough, 
Ralph Jackson, Stephen Stapler, David Brintnall, Elias Hugg, Griffith 
Owen, Mary Badcock, Thomas Bradford, Daniel Radley, Matthias 
Ballis, James Cooper, Nath: Puckle, John Fisher, Elizabeth Hill, 
Arthur Starr, Thomas Lyford, Isaac Morris, William Fishbourn, George 
Painter, Peter Stretch, Anne Budd, Stephen Jackson, Clement Plum- 
sted, Francis Richardson, Alice Guett, George Guett, Caspar Hood, 
Randall Spakeman. Rich Peters, Benjamin Chandlee, James Atkinson, 
John Jones, Jun'r, Thomas Pryor, William Yetty, John Gilbert, 
William Fisher, John W r arder, Richard Warder, Joshua Tittery, 
William Southebee, John Austin, George Fitzwater, John Webb, John 
Barns, James Eitaugh, William Dilwyn, Thomas Miller, Jacob Durery, 
Thomas BroSvn, John Piggs, Abel Cottey, Nathan Faucit, George 
Claipoole, John Cadwallader, George Harmer, Henry Cliftton, William 
Corcker, Nathaniel Edscome, William Carter, Thomas England, William 
Ballay, Samuel Borden, John Davis, Pentencott Teague, Mary Cook, 
Joshuah Johnson, Abraham Bickly, John Haywood, Richard Robinson, 
Daniel or Mary England, Levin Harberdinck, Michael Walton, John 
Palmer, William Powell, Christopher Blackburn, Christopher Tupham, 
George Emlin, William Powell, Jr., David Williams, Thomas Eldridge, 
William Till, Solomon Cresson, Richard Parker, John Yaughan. John 
Brown, Thomas Worrellah, Thomas Wharton, Edward Evans, Samuel 
Powell, Nehemiah Allen, William Rakestraw, Joseph Smith, Samuel 
Preston, David Lloyd. John Otter, Jacob Usher, James Kite, Robert 
Burrow, John Wardner, Abraham Scott, Ellis Jones, William Hud 
Wolter Long, Thomas Shute, Abraham Carliel, James Steel. John 
Hendricks, Arnold Cassel, John Mifflin, William Laurence, Richard 
Armitt, Humphry Morry, Anthony Morris, Jr. 

"Subscription of Friends belonging to Francfort Meeting." William 
Preston, Edward Orpwood, Edward Buzby, Thomas Persons, Joseph 
Paul, Richard Buzby, John Worrals, Robert Heath, Samuel Richardson, 
William Buzby, Howel James, Geo. Gillingham, Christopher Sibthorp. 

"Subscription of Friends belonging to the Meeting at Abington.''' 
Samuel Cart, William Clinkins, Stephen Clinkins, Joseph Philip*, 
Evan Morris, Morris Morris, Everhard Boulton, Thomas Cmtbee, 
Robert Fletcher, John Cadwallad., Thomas Kenderdine, Isaac Knight, 
Reiner Tysen, James Williams, John Morgan, John Hurford, Thomas 
Tustin, George Gottschick, John Holcomb, Jacob Holeoinb, David 
Powell, Joseph Mather, John Jerrot, Geo. Shoemaker, Richard Martin 
William Howell, John Linton, Robert Hugh, William Ron:: 
Thomas Powell, Richard Bidgood, Henry Bennet, Samuel Powell. 
Pavid, David Potts, Isaac Cook. (Also) Nicholas Wain, Lenert Arets 

Notes and Queries. 377 

& Thomas Pott* for lime sold and John Stacy "the hair which was used 
in the plaistering of the house, gratis." 

The subscriptions in cash and materials were as follows : — 




German town Meeting 






Frankford " 



Abington " 



By berry " 



and in addition in materials, £1. 2. 6, being a 

total of £2 


6. 8, of 

which was disbursed for 




Conveyancing, &c. 




Digging of stone and sand 




Lime at 8d per bushel 




Timber, boards, &c. at £5 per 1000 ft. 




Shingles at 50s per 1000 







Mason & Plastering 


Carpenter work, &c. 



Workmen's "dieting," drink, &c. 


Nails and other iron work 




Glass windows, 63 feet 




Iron Stove 


Making fences 


In the above account of payments, the following prices of labor and 

materials are given. 




Carting of stones or sand 



Digging of " " " per day 



Nails per lb. 


Brandy per quart 



Beer per quart 


Linseed Oil per gallon 



Wheat per bushel 



"Rhy" per bushel 


Lime per bushel 


Boards per 100 


Shingles per 1000 



Apples per bushel 



Mason work & Plaster'g per perch 


Labor per day 



Rum per gallon 



Pasturing per night 


A spade 


Spinning Wheel for Smith's work 




B. W. 


Bennett-Shockley Genealogical Notes. — Records copied from 
Family Bible in possession of Mrs. Shockley. Milford. Del. — 

Harriot Bennett daughter of John Bennett and of Eliiabeth his wile 
was born the lGth. dav of March in the year of our Lord 1816, 

378 Notes and Queries. 

John Bennett son of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester his wife was born 
Sept. 10th day in the year of our Lord 1785. 

Elizabeth R. Bennett daughter of Geo. Rickards and Patience his wife 
was born Dec. 15th. day in the year of our Lord 1795. 

John Bennett and Elizabeth 11. Bennett were married Jan. 18th. day 
in the year of our Lord 1S15. 

Nehemiah Bennett son of John Bennett and Elizabeth his wife was 
born Jan. 31st. 1S19 about the break of day Sunday morning. 

Nehemiah Bennett born the 15th. day of April in the year of our 
Lord 175S. 

Hester Bennett born the 31st. day of Dec. in the year of our Lord 

Abigail Bennett born the 12th. [?] day of Nov. in the year of our 
Lord 17S0 the daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester. 

Aaron Bennett the son of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester born the 
11th. day of Dec. in the year of our Lord 17S2. 

Patience Bennett the daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester born 
the 6th. day of May in the year of our Lord 1788. 

Hester Bennett the daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester born 
the 22nd. day of Feb. in the year of our Lord 1700. 

Elizabeth Bennett daughter of Nehemiah Bennett and Hester his wife 
was born in the year of our Lord July 6th 1796. 

Elizabeth the wife of Jno. Bennett departed this life Nov. the 23rd 
day in the year of our Lord 1819 Tuesday about 5 oclock in the morn- 
ing aged 23 years 11 months and eight days. 

Nehemiah son of John Bennett and Elizabeth his wife departed this 
life Aug. the 12th. 1820 at three oclock in the morning aged 18 months 
and 12 days. 

Aready S. Robinson daughter of John Robinson and Sarah his wife 
was born 30th. of Nov. in the year of our Lord A.D. 1804. 

John Bennett and Arcadv S. Robinson were married 5th of Sept. 
1821 about 5 oclock P.M. Wednesday. 

Joseph Smith Bennett son of John Bennett and Arcadv his wife was 
born the 10th. of Oct. A.D. 1822 Thursday about 1 oclock p.m. 

Elizabeth Rickards Bennett daughter of John Bennett and Arcadv 
his wife was born 1st. of Feb. A.D. 182-1 about 2 oclock r.M. on Sunday. 

Sarah Bell Bennett daughter o^ John Bennett and Aready his wife was 
born the 6th. of Aug. A.D. 1825 about 3 oclock P.M. on Saturday. 

Hester Bennett the wife of Nehemiah Bennett deed, departed this life 
Feb. 11th. in the year of our Lord 1S45 about 6 A..M. aged 85 yrs 1 
month and 10 days. ■ 

William Shockley and Elizabeth Bennett were married Oct. the 11th. 
day in the year of our Lord. 1S26. 

William Shockley son of W a Shockley and Elizabeth his wife was 
born Sept. the 10th. in the year of our Lord, 1827. 

Elizabeth B. Shockley daughter of William Shockley and Elizabeth 
his wife was born May the 24th. day in the year of our Lord 1829. 

The following records are in the back of the book : 

William Lofland was born Feb. 13th. in the year of our Lord 1771 
his hand and pen witnessing. 

[The above was the only entry on its page.] 

Notes and Queries. 379 

Entries of the Shockley Family. 

William Shockley son of William Shockley and Elizabeth his wife 
was born in the year of our Lord 1S06, Sept. the 17th day. 

Elizabeth Bennett daughter of Nchemiah Bennett and Hester his wife 
was born July the Cth. day 1796. 

William Shockley departed this life at 10 min. after 2 oclock p.m. on 
Wednesday Dec. the 30th. in the year of our Lord 1S63 aged 57 yrs. 
3 months and 13 days. 

Elizabeth Shockley relict of Wm. Shockley deed, departed this life at 
15 min. after 2 oclock a.m. on Wed. May 19th. in the year of our Lord 
1869 aged 72 years 10 months and 13 days. 

Elizabeth B. Shockley daughter of Wm. Shockley and Elizabeth his 
wife departed this life Dec. the 30th day in the year of our Lord 1833 
aged four years seven months and five days. 

Snow Genealogical Notes, from a Bible belonging to Mr. Thomas 
Curry, near Greenwood, Del., dated London, 1747. — 

Sarah Snow, daughter of William & Mary Snow, was born ve 1 st May 

Rebeckah Snow, daughter of William & Mary Snow, was born first 
day of December 1765. 

Thomas Snow, son of William & Mary Snow, was born 3 d October 

Henry Snow, son of William & Mary Snow, was born 19" October 

John Snow r , son of William & Mary Snow, was born 29' September 

Bengaman Snow, was born August 29. 1772. 

Oxford Furnace, New Jersey, 1764. — 

This to Certifie whom it may Concern that I the subscriber hereof 
have been requested by Doctor William Shippen some time In the year 
1761, to assist in appraiseing and valuing the Utensils, Horses, Car- 
riages, Household furniture, & some dry goods &c that were at Oxford 
Furnace in the Province of New Jersey, and Conformable to the 
Doctors request I attended several times and at last valued and apprais'd 
all things shew'd unto me for that purpose (the dry goods excepted) 
which appear'd in small Remnants, and had been some time before, 
valued by Richard Shaekleton, and that at such an extravagant price, 
as Induced me to defer entering them in the Inventory untill the Origi- 
nal Invoice was produced. 

Witness my hand this 13 th day of Jan r ' 1764. 

John Hackett. 

Notes Genealogical, Extracted from The Town and Country 
Magazine, London, 1783. — 

Died, Febry 27, William Clifton Esq. of Tower Hill, one of the 
Loyalists of Philadelphia. 

Died, Aug. 10, Mr. David Barclay, late of Cateaton Street, grandson 
of Mr. Robert Barclay of Uriel, in Scotland, author of the famous 
Apology of Quakers. 

380 Notes and Queries. 

Hokfener-Surer Xotes. — Extracts from the Baptismal Register of 
Nicklashaus and Hdhefelder, Germany. — 

1701, April 2f t . — Anna Eva, daughter of John George and Apollonia 
Ilotffner. Godmother, Anna Eva, daughter of Wendel Woekenweins 
of Hohefelder. 

Marriage Register. — 1730. Aug. 29. John William Surer, son of John 
William Surer, and Anna Eva Hoeffner, daughter of John George 

Baptismal Register, Obcrbeineldsches Church. — 1731, May 2.' t . Maria 
Barbara, daughter of John William and Anna Eva Surer. Godmother, 
Maria Barbara, daughter of John William Hoeffner. 

17/i-U Oct. 16. — Ottilia, daughter of Anna Eva, widow of John Wil- 
liam Surer, and named after Ottilia, single, daughter of Martin Endre-sen. 

Five Trees Make One Cord of Fire Wood. — 
At the request of Benjamin Mifflin we the Subscribers have Counted 
all the Trees that we could come at on the West side of Wissahicon 
road On the Land in Dispute between Mifflins & Shute & find at least 
Eleven Hundred & Twenty Two Cut Down within the space of Three 
Years, as i* nppears to us, which at an under Computation will make 
Two Hundred Sc Thirty Four Cord, allowing Five Trees to a Cord. 

^ 1S UoS ' Adam Gater. 

Note of General Washington to Col. Clement Biddle, writ- 
ten at headquarters, Morristown, N. J., March 20, 1780. Original in 
Manuscript Department, Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

General Washington's compliments to Col Biddle. He would have 
done himself the pleasure to have dined with the Col today without 
the Ceremony of an Invitation in form, would his engagements have 
20 Minutes after 
4 P.M. 


Patterson. — Since sending the inquiry about John Patterson, which 
appeared in the January issue of the Pennsylvania Magazine, I find 
that he and his wife and three children are buried in Christ Church, 
Philadelphia. He died Feb. 22, 1798; and his wife Catharine, daugh- 
ter of Robert Livingston, third and last Lord of the Manor, survived 
him nearly thirty-five years. They had at least eight children — five 
eons and three daughters. Of the sons, Daniel T. Patterson was com- 
modore in the U. S. Navy, and Walter (d. 1S52) is buried at Christ 
Church. Was it this Walter Patterson who represented Columbia Co., 
N. Y., in the Legislature and Senate, 1S1S-1823? What is known of 
his life? 

John Patterson's eldest daughter Maria (or Mary) Thong became 
Mrs. R. E. Griffith of Philadelphia. Rather curiously her portrait by 
Gilbert Stuart, (reproduced in Century Magazine, May, L 899) is referred 
to on page 40 of the Pennsylvania Magazine for January. When 
and where was John Patterson married? When was he born? In the 

Notes and Queries. 3S1 

Century Magazine he is referred to as "Major" Patterson an aide to 
General Abererombie when lie made the disastrous attack on Fort 
Ticonderoga, on July S, 175$. Can these statements be verified? His 
name does not, apparently, occur in Ford's List of British Officers, 1755- 
177$ {N. E. II. & G. He'/., 49); and Claypole's American Daily Advertiser 
(Feb. 22, 179S) states that he died in his tifty -seventh year. Bat would 
this not make him too young to act as aide? 

I should like to get in touch with any descendants of John Patterson. 

Who was the Walter Patterson who died at Baltimore, £ept. 20, 1832, 
■" in his 77th year," and whose funeral was from the " residence of John 
Clay, 10th St, below Locust," Philadelphia? 

R. C. Archibald, 
Brown University, Providence, R. I. 

McPike and Pike Families. — The surname McPike occurs several 
times, circa 1775-1761, in the Pennsylvania Archives, and a list of those 
references was published in The Celtic Monthly (Glasgow), vol. xiv, 
page 170. The name seems to be quite uncommon, however, both in 
America and Great Briiain, although a few members of that family 
still reside in Scotland and Ireland. The name "McPeake" (perhaps 
allied to McPike) is less unusual. (See the London Notes and Queries, 
tenth series, vol. x, pages 105, 314.) One James McPeak, of Henry 
County, Virginia, appears in the " lists of persons renouncing allegiance 
to Great Britain and swearing allegiance to the Commonwealth of 
Virginia" (see Virginia Magazine of History and Biography , Richmond, 
1902, vol. ix, page 12). He may or may not have been identical with 
the writer's ancestor, James McPike, who, according to traditions, 
served under General Anthony Wayne and others and whose military 
services were mentioned in the New York Genealogical and Biographi- 
cal Record, for January, 1903, vol. xxxiv, page 55; also (with now 
facts) in the Magazine of History (New York), March, 1908, vol. vii, 
pp. 167-168. 

The writer would be very grateful for any information concerning the 
marriage of James McPike, circa 1789, to Martha Mountain, daughter 
of J. Mountain, ''from New Jersey. " A new collection of unedited 
"Extracts from British Archives on the families of Halley, llawley, 
Pyke, etc.," will be published, in pamphlet form, late in the present 

Eugene F. McPikk. 
1 Park Row, 

Chicago, Illinois. 

Margaret Shippen Arnold. — Where is '• Peggy" Shippeu, wife 
of Benedict Arnold, buried? Name of burial ground and location 
requested. V. C. EL 

A Com:uittee of the Alumni of all Departments of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania is Preparing a Catalogue to contain 

all of the graduates and non-graduate matriculates of the University. 
We append a list of the Medical graduates of whom the committee ban 
no information. Our readers will lighten not a little the difficult labors 
of the committee in collecting data of these graduates, some of DON 


Notes and Queries. 

than a century ago, if they send at once whatever information they may 
have to D T Ewing Jordan, 1510 Walnut St., Philadelphia. 

Information is especially desired as to full name, parents' name-, full 
date and place of birth and of death, if married, wife's name, academic 
degrees received, prominent positions held, and any printed reference to 
the men named. 


Atkinson, Thomas P. Ya. 

Barton, Edward H. Va. 

Baxter, John, Jr. Mass. 

Blackford, Thomas Thornberg Pa. 

Boutillier, Thomas 


Branch, John 


Cadwallader, Peter 


Carter, John 


Charlebois, Basile 


Clark, William Jones 


Clarkson, Henry 


Coleman, George Wash in 

gton Va. 

Coxe, William II. 


Cuyler, William Howe 


Drish, John 


Evans, Thomas B. 


Feild, George 


Gregory, Azor L. 
Harper, William Frankli 
Harrison, Nathaniel 


n Md. 


Hay dock, Edward 
Hume, Alexander 

S. C. 

Kemp, Samuel T. 
Kirkland, William L. 

S. C. 

McCall, John Ward 

s. c. 

McPherson, William Smi 

th Pa. 

Malcomson, James H. B. 

s. c. 

Martin, Thomas Va. 

Mendenhall, Charles Del. 

Minor, Hubbard Taylor Va. 

Moore, Jacob Del. 

Paxton, James Walker Va. 

Payne, Charles J. Va. 

Peete, Thomas Va. 

Perry, Wvlie N. C. 

Pope, William H. Ga. 

Price, William D. Va. 

Eandolph, Jacob Pa. 

Ross, Thomas R. Ky. 

Sappington, John K. Md. 

Shore, R, Robert Va. 

Smith, George W. Ky. 

Smith, Henry Md. 

Street, John'Parke Va. 

Sumner, George Conn. 

Thackara, James A. Pa. 

Thum, George Pa. 

Thweatt, B. Philip Va. 
Tompkins, Samuel Waddy S. C. 
Tunno, John Champneys S. C. 

Warren, Winslow Mass. 

Whitesides, Thomas Pa. 

Wiles, Samuel Va. 

Withers, William Va. 


Atkinson, John H. N. C. 

Beale, Charles Va. 
Berrien, Richard Macpherson Ga. 

Boyd, Thomas James Pa. 

Broughton, Thomas S. C. 

Burgin, George Horatio N. J. 

Butler, Isaac N. C. 

Call, George Walker Ky. 

Campbell, Hugh Pa. 

Carothers, John Pa. 

Clanton, John T. N. C. 

Clark, John Y. N. J. 

Cobean, Thomas B. Pa. 
Coleman, John R. 

Coles, William D. Va. 

Condie, David Francis Pa. 

Cornick, James 
Craufurd, David 
Dewccs, Jacob 
Dill, Joseph M. 
Dixon, James 
Dunbar, William 
DuVal, John 
Forster, Patrick Henry 
Gallaher, David 
Gilliam, Theophilus Field 
Graham, William P. (or A. 
Gregory, Fendall 
Hobbs, David 
Holcombe, William J. 
Hutchinson, David 
James, Thomas .'. 


S. C. 












Notes and Queries. 3S3 

Jiggitts, Louis Meredith 
Johnson, John 
Jones, Benjamin A. 
Kirkpatrick, David M. 
Lacey, James Horace 
Legare, Thomas, Jr. 
Lewis, Ellis 
McCulley, John 
McDowell, William Adair 
Magill, John D. 
Marlow, Thomas 
Mason, John H. Md. 

Merritt, John F. W. 
Miller, Nathaniel M. 
Morton, John Blair 
Mosely, William P. 
Osborne, Nathaniel Mont 

Peckworth, John R. 


Pegram, Edwin 



Ramsay, James 

s. c. 


Randolph, Richard Ryland 



Rich, James S. 



Rogers, John Coleman 


S. C. 

Roy all, James T. 



Scott, James P. 



Seaman, William Ferris 

N. Y. 


Sibley, Robert Henry 


S. C. 

Smith, Anthony W. 



Spencer, Pitman Curtius 


. Va? 

Strein, Ferdinand 



Tompkins, Benjamin 



Van Valzah, Thomas 



Watkins, Samuel Venable 



Webb, Samuel 


Wharton, William H. 



Woods, John 




Broad and Cherry Streets Hospital — [Penna. Mag., vol. 
xxxii, p. 512]. — Through the courtesy of Dr. Samuel A. Green, of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, the letter of a correspondent gives the 
identity of "S. E. B.," who sent the verses, with a bundle of socks, 
donated by a "Lively Old Lady" of Amherst, N. H., in 1862. to the 
sick and wounded in the U. S. Hospital at Broad and Cherry Streeis. 
She was Sarah E. Barron, daughter of Solomon Rice and Dolly Channel 
Barron, born in 1847. Later she married Charles Longe, and is now 
deceased, but surviving friends remember the circumstance. Thus after 
many years, an interesting incident of the Civil War has been developed. 

;fl3ooft Notices. 

Publications of the Pennsylvania History Club. Vol. I. 
1909. Svo, pp. 58. 
The Pennsylvania History Club, while primarily designed to encourage 
the investigation and exploitation of the original sources, also aims to 
aid all existing agencies fur collecting, preserving, or rendering accessi- 
ble the materials relating to the history of the Commonwealth. The 
present publication has been compiled by the Secretary of the Club ; 
and although intended mainly to be useful to its members, it is believed 
it will serve as a helpful contribution to Pennsylvania historical bibli- 
ography. Contents: Introductory; Constitution and By-Laws; Officer! 
and Committees; Meetings and Pilgrimages, 1905-1908 ; List of the 
Members, with their Historical Bibliographies. 

Publications of the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania. 
Vol. I, No. 1. 1909. 8vo, 120 pages. 
The contents of the present number are *' Gleanings in Sussex County, 
Delaware," by Rev. C. H. B. Turner ; " Claas Bible Record/' translated 

384 Notes and Queries. 

from the German by Hon. S. W. Pennypacker : " Dutton Records of 
Deaths, Marriages, ete., 1770-1870," arranged by Gilbert Cope; 
"Marriages by John Graves, Esquire, West Chester, Pa.," and the 
"Seventeenth Annual Report of the Board of Directors," from which 
we learn that the work of collecting 1 and preserving church and meeting 
records of value has been going on steadily, and the following additions 
made to the Collection during the past year : Records of Reformed 
Church, Whitpain Township, 1764-1860; St. Peter's Church, Phila- 
delphia, Baptisms, 1331-1834. Marriages, Burials, Confirmations, and 
Communicants, 182S-1SS4; Records of Abington Presbyterian Church ; 
Records Salem, N. J. Monthly Meeting. 

Proceedings and Collections of the Wyoming Historical and 

Geological Society, for the years 190S-1909. Edited by Rev. 

Horace Edwin Harden. Vol. X. Wilkes-Barre, Penna., 8vo, 

pp. 256. Illustrated. 

This volume is largely devoted to accounts of the celebration of the 

centennial of Jesse Fell's successful experiment with Wyoming coal as 

a domestic fuel, and also semicentennial of the founding of the Wyoming 

Historical Society ; the addresses made by Rev. Horace E. Harden, Dr. 

John W. Jordan, William Grirrith. C.E., and others. The Muster Roll 

of Capt. Henry Shoemaker's Company of Northampton Co. Rangers, 

1781 ; the Capture and Rescue of Rosewell Franklin's Family by 

Indians, 1782; Revolutionary Pensioners in Bradford and Luzerne 

Counties in 1835 ; and Marriages and Deaths, Wyoming Valley. 1810- 

1818, are valuable local historical contributions. Biographical sketches 

of deceased members will aid genealogists. The volume is neatly 

printed on good paper, and the numerous inserts add value to the text. 

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The Standard Version. — President Lincoln's Final Revision. 

Photographed from the fac-simile first published in "Autograph Reaves of Our 
Country's Authors," Baltimore, 1S64. 





Vol. XXXIII. 1909. No. 4 



[Read before the Commaudery of the State of Pennsylvania, Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, February 14, 190G ; 
and before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, February 8, 1909.] 

The most notable of the series of speeches made by 
Abraham Lincoln after leaving- Springfield, and while on 
his way to Washington for his inauguration as President, 
was that made in this city in Independence Hall, and in- 
spired by its sacred memories: and the most famous of his 
addresses as President was delivered at the dedication of the 
Soldiers' National Cemetery on the battlefield of Gettysburg. 

Consideration of these remarkable utterances upon the 
soil of our State would seem appropriate by the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania at this time of commemoration ol 
the centenary of Lincoln's birth; and your attention is in- 
vited to the circumstances attending the delivery of the 
Gettysburg Address, as described in some ot the accounts 
of the dedication, which I present in an endeavor to de- 
termine what was the origin of the address, how it was 
received, and what is its true form, for, strange as it may 
vol. xxxin, — 25 (385) 

386 The Gettysburg Address. 

appear, widely differing answers are given to these several 

President Lincoln left Washington for Gettysburg at 
noon on Wednesday, November 18, 1S63, in a special train 
consisting of four passenger coaches; he was accompanied 
by a large party that included members of his Cabinet, 
several foreign ministers, his private secretaries, officers of 
the Army and Xavy, a military guard, and newspaper cor- 
respondents; the train arrived at Gettysburg about dark. 
Mr. Lincoln spent the night at the house of David Wills, 
Governor Curtin's representative and the active agent in 
the establishment of the Soldiers'* Cemetery. 

Arnold, in his "History of Lincoln and the Overthrow 
of Slavery," asserts that the President "while on his way 
from the White House to the battlefield was notified that 
he would be expected to make some remarks," and that 
asking for some paper a rough sheet of foolscap was handed 
to him; "retiring to a seat by himself, with a pencil he 
wrote the address.'* 

Similarly Ben Perley Poore says in his "Reminiscences 
of Lincoln *'* that "his remarks at Gettysburg * * * were 
written in the car on his way from Washington to the 
battlefield, upon a piece of pasteboard held on his knee.' 1 
In the beautiful story by Mrs. Andrews entitled ' k The 
Perfect Tribute,' ' which, because of its wide circulation in 
the magazine in which it first appeared, and subsequently 
as a daintily printed book, has done much to form popular 
opinion of the composition and delivery of the Address, it 
is said that the President after gazing wistfully across the 
ear at Edward Everett — who was not in it, having pre- 
viously gone to Gettysburg by another route — appealed to 
Secretary Seward for the brown paper he had just re- 
moved from a package of books: "May I have this to do 
a little writing V and then with a stump of a pencil labored 
for hours over his speech. 

On the contrary, General James 1>. Fry, who was present 
in the car as one ot the escort, savs that he is confident that 

The Gettysburg Address. 3S7 

the assertion that the Address was written in the train en 
route to Gettysburg is an error, and states, " I have no 
recollection of seeing him writing or even reading his 
speecli during the journey, in fact there was hardly any 
opportunity for him to read or write." Xicolay, the senior 
of the President's private secretaries, in an interesting and 
highly valuable paper on the Gettysburg Address, says, 
" There is neither record, evidence, nor well founded tradi- 
tion that Mr. Lincoln did any writing or made any notes 
on the journey between Washington and Gettysburg," 
the many interruptions incident to the journey, together 
with the rocking and jolting of the train, made writing 
virtually impossible. 

In Mowry's " History of the United States for Schools/' 
published in 1896, it is said : "There is conclusive evidence 
that the words of the address were not written out until after 
the Presidential party had arrived upon the ground" ; and 
in an appendix it is stated : " The following account of how 
the address was written was received directly from the lips 
of ex-Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, who was present 
on the occasion and knew whereof he affirmed. Governor 
Curtin said that after the arrival of the party from Wash- 
ington, while the President and his Cabinet, Edward Ever- 
ett, the orator of the day, Governor Curtin, and others were 
sitting in the parlor of the hotel, the President remarked 
that he understood that the committee expected him to say 
something. He would, therefore, if they would excuse him, 
retire to the next room and see if he could write out some- 
thing. He was absent some time, and upon returning to 
the company had in his hand a large-sized, yellow govern- 
ment envelope. The President sat down, and remarked 
that he had written something, and with their permission lie 
would like to read it to them, and invited them to criticise 
it. After reading what he had written upon the envelope, 
he asked for any suggestions they might make; Secretary 
Seward volunteered one or two comments, which Mr. Lin- 
coln accepted and incorporated. Then he said, 'Now, gen- 

38S Hie Gettysburg Address. 

tlemen, if you will excuse me again, I will copy this off,' 
and returning again made a fresh copy to read from." 

A somewhat different account of Governor Curtin's 
recollection is given by Hon. Horatio King in his " Turning 
on the Light," wherein he writes that in 1885 at Gettys- 
burg the Governor said: U I saw Mr. Lincoln writing this 
address in Mr. Wills' house on a long yellow envelope. He 
may have written some of it before. He said i I will go and 
show it to Seward,' who stopped at another house, which 
he did and then returned and copied his speech on a fools- 
cap sheet" Mr. King adds that the Governor expressed 
extreme regret that he had not secured that envelope on 
which he most positively declared he saw Mr. Lincoln writ- 
ing his Address as above described. 

The Hon. Edward McPherson of Gettysburg, for many 
years Clerk of the House of Representatives, said in 1875, 
in a newspaper communication, that after Mr. Lincoln had 
retired to his room on the ni^ht of the 18th he sent for his 
host and " inquired the order of exercises for the next day 
and began to put in writing what he called some stray 
thoughts to utter on the morrow." Mr. Wills believed that 
the Address was written in his house and said in 1893, as he 
had earlier, that the President read " from the same paper 
on which I had seen him writing it the night before." 

Prof. Draper in his "History of the American Civil 
A\ r ar," one of the most scholarly and philosophic of the his- 
tories of the Rebellion, asserts that when the President rose 
to speak " he unpremeditatedly and solemnly said. 4 It is 
iutimated to me that this assemblage expects me to say 
something on this occasion.' " 

Noah Brooks, newspaper correspondent at Washington 
during the war, who, having been acquainted with Mr. Lin- 
coln in Illinois, was on terms of friendly intimacy and has 
written much about him, declared that a few days prior to 
the 19th of November, 1863, Mr. Lincoln told him that 
Mr. Everett had kindly sent him a copy o( his oration in 
order that the same ground might not be ^^w^ over by 

The Gettysburg Address. 389 

both; the President added, "There is no danger that T 
fihall, my speech is all blocked out — it is very short." In 
answer to the question whether the speech was written, he 
said, " Not exactly written — it is not finished anyway." 
Brooks further asserted that the speech was written and re- 
written many times, and revised somewhat after Mr. Lin- 
coln's arrival at Gettysburg. 

Ward H. Lamon, a personal friend and associate of Mr. 
Lincoln before the war, accompanied him from Springfield 
to Washington, was appointed Marshal of the District of 
Columbia, and had confidential relations with the President 
throughout his administration, and was the Chief Marshal 
of the ceremonies at Gettysburg; and lie devoted a chapter 
of his "Recollections of Abraham Lincoln, 1847-1865,'' to 
the Gettysburg Address, in which he writes: "A day or two 
before the dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettys- 
burg, Mr. Lincoln told me that he would be expected to 
make a speech on the occasion; that he was extremely 
busy, and had no time for preparation ; and that he greatly 
feared that he would not be able to acquit himself with 
credit, much less to fill the measure of public expectation." 
Lamon says he was shown " a sheet of foolscap, one side of 
which was closely written with what he informed me was a 
memorandum of his intended address. This he read to me, 
first remarking that it was not at all satisfactory to him. It 
proved to be in substance, if not in exact words, what waa 
afterwards printed in his famous Gettysburg speech." 

A newspaper paragraph, the original date and source of 
which are unknown to me, alleges that Senator Cameron 
had asserted that he had seen a draft of the address in the 
White House before the President left Washington. 

Such are the divergent testimonies concerning the prep- 
aration of the Address. Fortunately there exists documen- 
tary evidence to substantiate the statements of Brooks and 
Lamon and Cameron, and to establish conclusively that 
the Address was the outcome of deliberation and careful 

390 Th c Gettysburg Address. 

The formal invitation to the President was written on the 
2nd of November and specifically stated that " it is the 
desire that you as the Chief Executive of the Nation for- 
mally set apart these grounds to their sacred use by a few- 
appropriate remarks." In the article before referred toNic- 
olay says that Mr. Lincoln carried in his pocket the auto- 
graph manuscript of so much of his Address as he had 
written at Washington, and a facsimile reproduction of the 
original draft is given. The first page of the manuscript is 
written in ink and ends with an incompleted sentence, facts 
which justify Nicolay's inference that at the time of writing 
it in Washimrton the remainder of the sentence was also 
written in ink on another sheet of paper. On the morning 
of the 19th when, in Nicolay's presence, the President fin- 
ished writing his Address he used a lead pencil with which 
he crossed out the last three words of the first page and 
wrote other words above them and on another sheet wrote 
the remainder of the Address, in substance about one-third 
of the whole ; this second page is also produced in facsimile. 
This manuscript consisting of two pages was in Mr. Lin- 
coln's hands when he delivered his Address. Undoubtedly 
the first page of this manuscript was part of the original 
draft of the Address and the second page was the new draft 
substituted for the cancelled original, there being probably 
some immaterial differences between the two versions. 

Another manuscript exists, which is now in the possession 
of the family 'of the late John Hay, who as one of the Pres- 
ident's private secretaries was present at the dedication. 
This manuscript, which is in the President's autograph, 
is reproduced in facsimile in Putnam's magazine for Feb- 
ruary, 1909, in connection with "Recollections of Lincoln" 
by Gen. James Grant Wilson, who believes the manuscript 
was written after the President's return from Gettysburg. 

The Hay manuscript is undoubtedly the second existing 
draft of the address, but because of information obtained 
from Col. John P. Nicholson, to whom it was imparted by 
Secretary Hay, I am convinced that this manuscript was 

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The Gettysburg Address. 391 

written before November 19, 1863, and tbat it was inad- 
vertently left at Washington. This opinion is further 
strengthened by the internal evidence of the manuscript 

The second page of the Xicolay manuscript is almost 
identical with the corresponding page of the Hay manu- 
script, but the latter in its entirety conforms much more 
closely to the Address as actually delivered than the Nico- 
lay and justifies the belief that the Hay was the final draft 
of the complete Address before it3 delivery. Neither man- 
uscript was written after the delivery of the Address, for 
neither contains the notable addition of the words " under 
God," that were interpolated by the President when he 
spoke, and which he would not have omitted from any sub- 
sequent transcript. 

Whatever revision may have been given to the Address 
en route to or at Gettysburg, whatever changes or additions 
may have been made in its delivery, the Address existed 
in substantially completed form before the President left 

There can be no doubt that he had given prolonged and 
earnest thought to the preparation of this Address; he had 
had more than two weeks' notice that he was desired to 
speak; and although the demands upon his time and atten- 
tion were such as to allow him little opportunity for unin- 
terrupted thought, he appreciated the momentousness of 
the occasion, he knew how much was expected of him, and 
what was due to the honored dead, and he did not trust to 
the inspiration of the moment or rely upon his readiness as 
an impromptu speaker when he dedicated the Soldiers* 
Cemetery at Gettysburg, for lie had wrought and rewrought 
until there came into perfect form the noblest tribute to a 
cause and its heroes ever rendered by human lips. 

The Address has been so long and so generally accepted 
as the highest expression of American oratory, thai it is 
difficult to realize that it ever had less appreciation than 

302 The Gettysburg Address. 

now. The testimonies of those who heard the Address 
delivered differ widely as to the reception given it and as 
to the impression it made. 

In the "History of the Battle of Gettysburg" (published 

in 1875) Samuel P. Bates in giving an account of the dedi- 
cation ceremonies quotes the Address and says : " Its de- 
livery was more solemn and impressive than is possible to 
conceive from its perusal. Major Harry T. Lee, who was 
one of the actors in the battle and who was present upon 
the platform at the dedication, says that the people listened 
with marked attention throughout the two hours that Mr. 
Everett spoke ; ***** l^iat that when Mr. Lincoln 
came forward and, with a voice burdened with emotion, 
uttered these sublime words the bosoms of that vast audi- 
ence were lifted as a great wave of the sea: and that when 
he came to the passage, ' The brave men living and dead, 
who struggled here,' there was not a dry eye.* * * * - 
Arnold in his life of Lincoln (1885), after citing the 
Address, states: "Before the first sentence was completed, a 
thrill of feeling like au electric shock pervaded the crowd. 
That mysterious influence called magnetism, which some- 
times so affects a popular assembly, spread to every heart. 
The vast audience was instantly hushed and hung upon his 
every word and syllable. Every one felt that it was not the 
honored dead only, but the living actor and speaker that 
the world for all time to come would note and remember, 
and that the speaker in the thrilling words he was uttering 
was linking his name forever with the glory of the dead. 
* * * All his hearers realized that the great actor in the 
drama stood before them, and that the words he said would 
live as long as the language; that they were words which 
would be recollected in all future ages among all peoples, 
as often as men should be called upon to die for liberty and 
country. As he closed, and the tears and sobs and cheers 
which expressed the emotions of the people subsided, he 
turned to Everett and, grasping his hand, said, • I congratu- 
late vou on vour success.' The orator gratefully replied, 

The Gettysburg Address. 393 

•Ah! Mr. President, how gladly would I exchange all my 
hundred pages to have been the author of your twenty 
lines.' "■ 

Major Nickerson, of the 8th Ohio, who had been severely 
wounded in the battle, was present at the dedication and 
had a seat on the platform within a few feet of the speak- 
ers, gave an account in Scribner's Magazine, July, 1893, of 
his " Two Visits to Gettysburg." He says: "Others, too, 
have differed as to the immediate effects of the President's 
remarks. I give the impressions received at the time, 
which were also identical with those of all with whom I 
spoke. I thought then and still think it was the shortest, 
grandest speech to which I ever listened. * * * My 
own emotions may perhaps be imagined when it is remem- 
bered that he was facing the spot where only a short time 
before we had our death grapple with Pickett's men and 
he stood almost immediately over the place where I had 
lain and seen my comrades torn in fragments by the 
enemy's cannon-balls — think then, if you please, how these 
words fell upon my ear." Then, quoting a portion of the 
Address, the Major adds: " If at that moment the Supreme 
Being had appeared with an offer to undo my past life, 
give back to me a sound body free from the remembrance 
even of sufferings past and the imminence of those that must 
necessarily embitter all the years to come, I should have 
indignantly spurned the offer, such was the effect upon me 
of this immortal dedication." 

Robert Miller, who had been the Adjutant of an Ohio 
Regiment of 100 days' volunteers, was a member of the 
Ohio Legislature and attended the dedication ceremonies, 
stated in a letter published in the Eaton, Ohio, Register, 
November 30, 1863: "The tall form of the President ap- 
peared on the stand and never before have I seen a crowd 
so vast and restless, after standing so long, BO soon stilled 
and quieted. Hats were removed and all stood motionlea 
to catch the first words he should utter, and as he slowly, 
clearly, and without the least sign of embarrassment read 

394 The Gettysburg Address. 

and spoke for ten minutes you could not mistake the 
feeling and sentiment of the vast multitude before him. 
I am convinced that the speech of the President has fully 
confirmed and I think will confirm all loyal men and 
women in the belief that Abraham Lincoln, though he 
may have made mistakes, is the right man in the right 

The Commissioners representing Massachusetts at the 
dedication, in their report to Governor Andrew, say, " The 
brief speech of President Lincoln * * * * made a 
profound impression " ; and that it was spoken with great 
deliberation. The correspondent of the Boston Daily 
Advertiser, who was probably one of the Commissioners, in 
his letter to that paper expressed a similar view and added 
that the remarks " seemed to be emphaticallv the right 
words in the right place." ] 

A committee from the city of Boston attending the dedi- 
cation reported : " Perhaps nothing in the whole proceed- 
ings made so deep an impression on the vast assemblage or 
has conveyed to the country in so concise a form the lesson 
of the hour, as the remarks of the President, their sim- 
plicity and force make them worthy of a prominence 
among the utterances from high places.*' 2 

The opinions of these Commissioners and of Lieutenant 
Miller are especially valuable because expressed and recorded 
immediately after they had heard the address. 

John l£ussell Young, who was present on the speaker's 
platform as representative of the Philadelphia Press, in an 
article published in 1891, based upon his recollections and 
memoranda made at the time, says that the report made by 
the Associated Press " was studded with applause, but I do 
not remember the applause and am afraid the appreciative 
reporter was more than generous — may have put in the ap- 
plause himself as a personal expression of opinion. * 

1 Bur-rage: " Gettysburg and Lincoln," p. 1*24. 
'Bun-age: " Gettysburg and Lincoln." p. 125. 

The Gettysburg Address. 305 

I have read * * * of the emotions produced by the 
President's address, the transcendent awe that fell upon 
every one who heard those most mighty and ever living 
words, to be remembered with pride through the ages, I 
have read of the tears that fell and the solemn hush, as 
though in a cathedral solemnity in the most holy moment 
of the Sacrifice. * * * There was nothing of this, to 
the writer at least, in the Gettysburg Address." 

In Lam oil's account he professes to quote Mr. Lincoln's 
own opinion of his Address and says that, " After its delivery 
on the day of commemoration he expressed deep regret that 
he had not prepared it with greater care. He said to me 
on the stand immediately after concluding the speech : 
1 Lamon, that speech won't scour ! It is a flat failure and 
the people are disappointed.' He seemed deeply concerned 
about what the people might think of his address, more 
deeply, in fact, than I had ever seen him on any public 
occasion. * * * The occasion was solemn, impressive, 
and grandly historic. The people, it is true, stood appar- 
ently spell-bound; and the vast throng was hushed and 
awed into profound silence, and attention to his words arose 
more from the solemnity of the ceremonies and the awful 
scenes which gave rise to them than from anything he had 
said. He believed that the speech was a failure. He 
thought so at the time and he never referred to it after- 
wards in conversation with me, without some expression o! 
unqualified regret that he had not made the speech better 
in every way. On the platform from which Mr. Lincoln 
delivered his address and only a moment after it was con- 
cluded, Mr. Seward turned to Mr. Everett and Miked him 
what lie thought of the President's speech. Mr. Everetl 
replied, 'It is not what I expected from him, I am disap- 
pointed.' Then in his turn Mr. Everett asked, ( What do 
you think of it, Mr. Seward?' The response was, ' He has 
made a failure and I am sorry for it. llis speech is not 
equal to him.' Mr. Seward then turned to me and asked, 
'Mr. Marshal, what do vou think of it?' I answered, ' 1 

396 The Gettysburg Address. 

am sorry to say that it does not impress mean one of his 
great speeches.' 

"In the face of these facts it has heen repeatedly pub- 
lished that this speech was received by the audience 
with loud demonstrations of approval; that amid the tears, 
sobs, and cheers it produced in the excited throng, the 
orator of the day, Mr. Everett, turned to Mr. Lincoln, 
grasped his hand and exclaimed, 'I congratulate you on 
your success,' adding in a transport of heated enthusiasm, 
'Ah ! Mr. President, how gladly would I give my hundred 
pages to be the author of your twenty lines ! ' 

"As a matter of fact, the silence during the delivery of 
the speech, and the lack of hearty demonstration of 
approval immediately after its close, were taken by Mr. 
Lincoln as a certain proof that it was not well received. 
In that opinion we all shared. If any person then present 
saw, or thought he saw, the marvelous beauties of that won- 
derful speech, as intelligent men in all lands now see and 
acknowledge them, his superabundant caution closed his 
lips and stayed his pen. * * * * I state it as a 
fact, and without fear of contradiction, that this famous 
Gettysburg speech was not regarded by the audience to 
whom it was addressed, or by the press and people of 
the United States, as a production of extraordinary merit, 
nor was it commented on as such until after the death of 
the author," 

While there maybe some truth in Lamon's narrative, and 
the language ascribed to Lincoln seems natural and char- 
acteristic, allowance should be made for the author's idio- 
syncrasies as exhibited in the " Life of Lincoln M published 
in 1872, that, purporting to have been written by Lamon, 
and was based upon information that had been secured by 
him, was really written by Chauncey F. Black, son of Presi- 
dent Buchanan's Attorney-General. Certainly Lamon's 
assertion concerning Everett's criticism of the Address is 
not consistent with his letter to the President on the follow- 
ing dav, in which, after thanking Mr. Lincoln for the kind- 

The Gettysburg Address. 307 

ness shown himself and his daughter at Gettysburg, Mr. 
Everett said: " Permit me also to express my great admi- 
ration of the thoughts expressed by you with such eloquent 
simplicity and appropriateness at the consecration of the 
Cemetery. I should be glad if I could flatter myself that 
I came as near the central idea of the occasion in two hours 
as you did in two minutes." 

The President's reply was characteristically modest; I 
quote the reference to himself: "In our respective parts 
yesterday you could not have been excused to make a short 
address nor I long one. I am pleased to know that in your 
judgment the little I did say was not a failure." 

Mr. Clark E. Carr, who was present at Gettysburg as a 
Commissioner from Illinois, is the author of an address, 
" Lincoln at Gettysburg," in which he quotes liberally 
and with approval from Lam on and from Xicolay, and 
also gives his own impressions concerning the President's 
Address, saying: "His expressions were so plain and 
homely, without any attempt at rhetorical periods, and his 
statements were so axiomatic, and, I may say, matter-of-fact, 
and so simple, that I had no idea that as an address it was 
anything more than ordinary." But he adds, " Every one 
was impressed with his sincerity and earnestness," and. 
" There was one sentence that did deeply affect me — the 
only one in which the President manifested emotion. With 
the close of that sentence his lips quivered, and there was 
a tremor in his voice which I can never forget. * * * 
The sentence was, ' The world will little note, nor long 
remember what we say here, but it can never forget what 
they did here.' " 

This sentence that so impressed Mr. Carr attracted the 
attention of George William Curtis, who, in Harper's IFeetfy, 
December 5, 18G3, said of the Address, but with special ref- 
erence to the sentence quoted: "The few words of the 
President were from the heart to the heart, they can not 
be read even without kindly emotion. It was as simple 
and felicitous and earnest a word as was ever spoken." 

398 The Gettysburg Address. 

However the various narratives may differ as to the degree 
of appreciation of the Address, all agree that the Presi- 
dent was accorded most respectful attention and that his 
bearing and demeanor were appropriate to the solemn occa- 
sion. I have found no evidence to justify the statements in 
" The Perfect Tribute" that the effect on the audience of the 
President's voice was ghastly and with his gaunt figure too 
much for the American crowd's sense of humor, and that 
a suppressed yet unmistakable titter caught and ran through 
the throng. It is unfortunate that this popular story should 
promulgate such a travesty of fact. 

The circumstances attending the delivery of the Address 
were not such as to conduce to its full appreciation. The 
procession that had escorted the President to the field had 
been greatly belated, and after his arrival upon the plat- 
form the proceedings were still further delayed, awaiting 
the arrival of the orator of the day. Mr. Everett's oration, 
that had been preceded by a prayer of some length and by 
music, w T as of two hours' duration, so that when the Presi- 
dent spoke it was to an audience that had been standing for 
nearly four hours. 

The brevity of the speech, the absence of rhetorical 
effort, and its very simplicity prevented its fall appreciation. 
Nicolay's statement seems to accord with the facts, and as a 
devoted admirer of his Chief he would naturally incline to 
enhance rather than to minimize the effect of the Address 
upon the audience. 

" There is every probability that the assemblage regarded 
Mr. Everett as the mouthpiece, the organ of expression, ot 
the thought and feeling of the hour, and took it for granted 
that Mr. Lincoln was there as a mere official figurehead, 
the culminating decoration, so to speak, of the elaborately 
planned pageant of the day. They were therefore totally 
unprepared for what they heard and could not immediately 
realize that his words, and not those of the carefully 
selected orator, were to carry the concentrated thought ot 
the occasion like a trumpet-peal to farthest posterity.' 1 

The Gettysburg Address. 399 

Undoubtedly there were many in the audience who fully 
appreciated the beauty and pathos of the President's Ad- 
dress, and many of those who read it on the following day 
perceived its wondrous character; but it is apparent that 
its full force and grandeur were not generally recognized 
then, either by its auditors or its readers. Not until the 
war itself had ended and the great leader had fallen did the 
Nation realize that this speech had given to Gettysburg 
another claim to immortality and to American eloquence 
its highest glory. 

The variations between the several contemporary ver- 
sions of the Address and its many subsequent reproductions 
are remarkable, particularly in view of its brevity and im- 
portance. Attention has more than once been attracted to 
these variations; and because of the differences between 
the earlier reports and the version published in autographic 
facsimile in 18 64, it has been assumed that the discrepan- 
cies were due either to blunders on the part of reporters, or 
to their attempts to improve the President's composition. 
But examination of a number of versions forces the conclu- 
sion that while some of the minor variations in the news- 
paper reports were caused by typographical or telegraphic 
errors, the rhetorical differences between these reports and 
the later version were plainly the result of the author's 
own revision. 

The reports of the Address, published November 20, 
1863, in the Ledger, the North American, the Press, and the 
Bulletin of this city, in the Tribune and the Herald o( New 
York, in the Adcertiser and the Journal of Boston, and in 
the Springfield Republican, and on the 23d in the Cincinnati 
Commercial, were furnished by the Associated Press. The 
reports printed in the Philadelphia papers named agree- 
with the exception of obvious misprints. The New York 
papers agree with a single exception, probably a typo- 
graphical error; the Boston papers also agree substantially 
with but three verbal variations. But the respective ver- 

400 The Gettysburg Address. 

sion3 of the several cities differ from each other in a number 
of details, probably because of errors in telegraphing the 
reports from Gettysburg. 

The reports of the Address published in the Philadelphia 
Inquirer and in the Cincinnati Gazette, November 20 and 
21 respectively, differ materially from each other and from 
the Associated Press report, and are apparently independent 
in source; lacking in completeness, they seem to be para- 
phrases rather than literal reports, and are probably free 
renderings of notes made at the time, but are valuable so 
far as they go, in aiding to determine which of the other 
reports most nearly represents the words actually spoken. 

Another independent report of greater value is that made 
by the Massachusetts Commissioners, which they assert is 
" in the correct form as the words actually spoken by the 
President, with great deliberation, were taken down by one 
of " themselves. The differences between their report and 
that printed in the North American, which is freer from 
obvious errors than any other version of the Associated 
Press report that I have seen, are slight. 

Nicolay says that the President did not read from the 
written pages, and that he did not deliver the Address in 
the form in which it was first written, but from the fulness 
of thought and memory rounded it out nearly to its final 
rhetorical completeness. Brooks states that as Mr. Lincoln 
read from the manuscript he made a tew verbal changes. 

Comparison of the several reports named leads to the con- 
clusion that the President, remembering what he had written 
in the Hay manuscript, delivered his Address in closer 
accordance with it than with the Nicolay manuscript which 
he held, but to which he referred little. The Xorth American 
report, which in my judgment reproduces the words Bpoken 
more accurately than any other, and more closely than the 
President's final revision, differs from the Hay manuscript in 
several instances, but materially only in the words k * under 
God," which were interpolated by the President as he spoke, 
for the phrase does not appear either in the Xieolay or the 

The Gettysburg Address. 401 

Hay manuscript, and in the use of " the " instead of u this " 
before " government of the people." 

Nicolay says that a few days after the visit to Gettysburg, 
upon receipt from Mr. "Wills of a request on behalf of the 
States interested in the National Cemetery for the original 
manuscript of the Dedication Address, the President re- 
examined his original draft and the version that had ap- 
peared in the newspapers, and he saw that because of the 
variations between them, the first, that is, the Xicolay, 
seemed incomplete and the others imperfect; he therefore 
directed his secretaries to make copies of the several reports 
of the Associated Press and, " comparing these with his 
original draft and with his own fresh recollection of the 
form in which he delivered it, he made a new autograph 
copy, a careful and deliberate revision." 

What became of this first revision is unknown, it was 
not received by Mr. Wills, who wrote me years ago: U I 
did not make a copy of my report of President Lincoln's 
speech at Gettysburg from a transcript from the original, 
but from one of the press reports. I have since always 
used the revised copy furnished the Baltimore fair, of which 
I have a facsimile in lithograph." 

Other copies were made, one in February, 1864, at the 
request of Mr. Everett, to be bound, with the manuscript of 
his oration and Mr. Lincoln's letter to him of November '20, 
in a volume to be sold at the Metropolitan Fair for the 
benefit of the United States Sanitary Commission. Still 
another copy was made at the request of the Hon. George 
Bancroft for the benefit of the Soldiers and Sailors Fair in 
Baltimore; this, having been written on both sides of a letter- 
sheet, was unavailable for purposes of lithographic produc- 
tion in facsimile, and Mr. Lincoln, in March, made another 
copy, which was reproduced in " Autograph Leaves o( Our 
Country's Authors" — a volume published for the benetit 
of the fair. 

This version exhibits the result of the author's final revi- 
sion, and, except in punctuation and in the use o( M on " 

VOL. XXXIII. — 26 

402 The Gettysburg Address. 

instead of "upon" in the first sentence and in the omission 
of " here" between " they" and " gave" in the last sentence, 
is identical with the version made at Mr. Everett's request, 
which is the earliest of the several existing revisions of 
which I have been able to learn. 

In an address so brief, but so momentous, every syllable 
tells; and though the differences between the final revision 
and the speech as actually delivered are few and seemingly 
immaterial, the changes intensify its strength and pathos 
and add to its beauty, and as so revised the speech cannot 
be too jealously preserved as the ultimate expression of the 
author's sublime thought. Increasing appreciation of Lin- 
coln's character and of his fitness for the great work to 
which in the providence of God he was called enhances 
the value of his every word, and surely the form by which 
he intended this utterance should be judged is that in which 
we should perpetuate the Gettysburg Address. 


Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth 
on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and 
dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether 
that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, 
can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that 
war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as 
a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that 
that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper 
that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not 
consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave 

1 From facsimile of the final revision published in -'Autograph Leave- 
of Our Country's Authors," 1864 (see photographic rep: 

The Gettysburg Address. 403 

men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated 
it, far above, our poor power to add or detract. The world 
will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it 
can never forget what they did here. It is for us the liv- 
ing, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work 
which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. 
It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task 
remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take 
increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the 
last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve 
that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this 
nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and 
that government of the people, by the people, for the peo- 
ple, shall not perish from the earth. 

Abraham Lincoln. 
November 19, 1863. 



Four versions compared. The first draft, the Nicolay MS. ; the second 
draft, the Hay MS.; the Associated Press report from the North Ameri- 
can, Philadelphia, Nov. 20, 1SG3 1 ; the final revision, Baltimore, 1So4. 

Nicolay. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought 

Hay. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought 

North American. Four score and seven years ago our lathers brought 

Baltimore. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought 

N. forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, 

H. forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, 

N. A. forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty 

B. forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, 

N. and dedicated to the proposition that " all men are created equal " 

//. and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

N. A. and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. 

B. and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal 

1 Notes of applause omitted. 

404 The Gettysburg Address. 

A". Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 

//. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 

JV. A. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 

B. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that 

N. nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long 

JET. nation, or any nation, so conceived, and so dedicated, can long 

3 r . A. nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long 

B, nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long 

N. endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. 

H. endure. We are met here on a great battle-field of that war. 

N. A. endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war; 

B. endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. 

N. We have come to dedicate a portion of it, as a final rest- 

H. We have come 1 to dedicate a portion of it as a' final rest- 

N. A. we are met to dedicate a portion of it as the final rest- 

B. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final rest- 

N. ing place for those who died here, that the nation night 

H. ing place for 3 those who here gave their lives that that nation might 

N. A. ing place of those who here gave their lives that that nation might 

B. ing place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might 

N. live. This we may, in all propriety do. 

H. lire. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

N. A. live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this, 

B. live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

K. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not con- 

H. But in a larger sense we can not dedicate — we can not con- 
N. A. but, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot con- 

B. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not con- 

N. secrate — we can not hallow, this ground — The brave men, liv- 

I£. secrate — we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, liv- 

N. A. secrate, we cannot hallow this ground. \ The brave men, liv- 

B. secrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, liv- 

JV. ing and dead, who struggled here, have hallowed it, far above 

H. ing and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far abort 

N. A. ing and dead, who struggled here have consecrated it far I 

B. ing and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far abort 

1 In the Hay MS. Mr. Lincoln first wrote are mat, See facsimile; 

1 In the Hay MS. Mr. Lincoln first wrote the See facsimile. 
■ In the Hay M8. Mr. Lincoln first wrote <</. See facsimile, 

The Gettysburg Address. 405 

N. our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, 

H. our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, 

N. A. our poor power to add or to detract. The world will little note, 

B. our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, 

N. nor long remember what we say here; while it can never forget 

II. nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget 

N. A. nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget 

B. nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget 

N. what they did here. 

JET. what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather to be dedi- 

N. A. what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedi- 

B. what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedi- 


H. cated here to the unfinished work which they 

N. A. cated here to the unfinished work that they 

B. cated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here 

JV". ^f It is rather for us, the liv- 

//. have, thus far, so nobly carried on. It is rather for us 

N. A. have thus far so nobly carried on. It is rather for us 

B. have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us 

iV. ing, we here be dedicated to the great task remaining before 

II. to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before 

JV. A. here to be dedicated to the great task remaining before 

B. to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before 

i\ r . us — that, from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

H. us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

N. A. us; that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

B. us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to 

N. that cause for which they here, gave the last full measure of 

//". that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of 
N. A. that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of 

B. that cause for which they gave the last full measure of 

N. devotion — that we here highly resolve these dead shall not 

H. devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not 

N. A. devotion; that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not 

B. devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not 

N. have died in vain; that the nation, shall 

H. have died in vain; that this nation shall 

JV. A. have died in vain. That the nation shall, under God, 

B. have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall 

400 The Gettysburg Address. 

jY. have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the 

II. have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the 

jiV. A. have a new birth of freedom, and that the government of the 

B. have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the 

TV. people by the people for the people, shall not perish from 

//. people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from 

N. A. people, by the people and for the people, shall not perish from 

B. people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from 

N. the earth. 
IT. the earth. 
N. A. the earth. 
B. the earth. 

From Report of Vie Commissioners representing Massachusetts at the 
Dedication of the National Cemetery. 

Dedicatory Speech by President Lincoln-. 

Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth upon this 
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the propo- 
sition that all men are created equal. 

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation 
— or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated — can long endure. 

We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We are met to dedi- 
cate a portion of it as the final resting-place of those who have given 1 
their lives that that nation might live. 

It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we 
cannot hallow, this 6 round. The brave men, living and dead, who 
struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our power 1 to add or 
to detract. 

The world will very 3 little note nor long remember what we say here; 
but it can never forget what they did here. 

It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated, here, to the unfinished 
work that they have thus far so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to 

1 North American (Associated Tress) : here gave, and so other papers, 
except Boston Journal, Boston Advertiser, and Cincinnati Gazette, which 
have have given, and Inquirer, who gave. Hay and Baltimore : here 
gave. Nicolay : who died here. 

'North American (Associated Tress) : poor power, and so Nicolay, Hay, 
and Baltimore. All but Philadelphia papers omit ; 

' North American (Associated Tress) omits very, and so all other papttl 
and Nicolay, Hay, and Baltimore. 

The Gettysburg Address. 407 

be here 1 dedicated to the great task remaining before us; that from these 
honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they 
here gave the last full measure of devotion ; that we here highly resolve 
that these dead shall not have died in vain ; that the nation shall, under 
God, have a new birth of freedom, and that' government of the people, 
by the people, 3 for the people, shall not perish from the earth. 

Report in Philadelphia "Inquirer" November 20, 1S6S. 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this 
continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the propo- 
sition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great 
civil war, testing the question whether this nation or any nation so con- 
ceived, so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on the great battle- 
field of that war. We are met to dedicate it, on a portion of the field 
set apart as the final resting place of those who gave their lives for the 
nation's life ; but the nation must live, and it is altogether fitting and 
proper that we should do this. 

In a larger sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot 
hallow this ground in reality. The number of men, living and dead, 
who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor attempts to 
add to its consecration. The world will little know and nothing remem- 
ber of what we see here, but we cannot forget what the?e brave men 
did here. 

We owe this offering to our dead. We imbibe increased devotion to 
that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion ; 
we here might resolve that they shall not have died in vain ; that the 
nation shall, under God. have a new birth of freedom, and that the Gov- 
ernment of the people, for the people, and fur all people, shall not 
perish from earth. 

— Same report in " The Compiler" (Gettysburg), November 2-'>, 1 S63. 

1 North American (Associated Press): here to be, and 60 other Philadel- 
phia papers, except Inquirer, which has neither phrase, and Cineinnati 
Gazette. All other papers and Hay and Baltimore to be hrre. Nic 
here be. 

2 North American (Associated Press) inserts the, and so other Philadel- 
phia papers and Cincinnati Gazette. Hay Inserts thi*. Other papers 
and Nicolay and Baltimore agree with Massachusetts. 

3 North American (Associated Press) inserts <in<l, and BO all other 
papers. Nicolay, Hay, and Baltimore agree with Massuchu-. 

408 The Gettysburg Address. 

Report in Cincinnati "Daily Gazette" November 2 l y J863. 

Four score and seven years ago our fathers established upon this Con- 
tinent a Government subscribed in liberty and dedicated to the funda- 
mental priuciple that all mankind are created free and equal by a good 
God. And now we are engaged in a great contest deciding the question 
whether this nation or any nation so conserved, so dedicated, can long 
remain. We are met on a great battle-field of the war. We are met 
here to dedicate a portion of that field as the final resting place of those 
who have given their lives that it might live. It is altogether fitting 
and proper that we should do this. 

But in a large sense we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we 
cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, the living and the dead, 
who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our power to add to 
or detract from the work. Let us long remember what we say here, 
but not forget what they did here. 

It is for us rather, the living, to be dedicated here to the unfinished 
work that they have thus far so nobly carried forward. It is for us here 
to be dedicated to the great task remaining before us, for us to renew our 
devotion to that cause for which they gave the full measure of their 
devotion. Here let us resolve that what they have done shall not have 
been done in vain ; that the nation shall, under God, have a new birth 
offered ; that the Government of the people, founded by the people, shall 
not perish. 

— Apparent typographical errors are as in original reports. 

Colonel llublei/s Journal, 1779. 409 

MING, JULY 30th, 1779. 


(Concluded from page 302.) 

Tuesday September 11^ 

Previous to oar March, this morning parties were ordered 
out to destroy the Corn, which they did plucking and 
throwing it into the river. 

About 11 o'clock we took up our line of March and pro- 
ceeded for Jenisie, the last & Capitol settlement of the 
Seneca Country. The whole cross'd a branch of the Jenisie 
river and moov'd thro' a considerable Swamp and form'd on 
a plain the other side, the most extensive I ever saw, con- 
taining not less than Six Thousand Acres of the richest soil 
that can be conceived, not having a Bush standing but nll'd 
with Grass considerable higher than a Man. We moov'd 
up this plain for about three miles in our regular line of 
March which was a beautiful sight, (as a view of the whole 
could be had at one look) and then came to Jenise River 
which we cross'd being about 40 yards over and near midle 
deep, and then asscended a rising Ground which afforded a 
prospect which was so beautiful that to attempt a Compari- 
son would be doing an injury, as we had a View as tar as 
our Eyes would carry us of another plaine besides the one 
we cross'd through which the Jenisie river form'd a most 
beautiful Winding and at intervals Cateraets which rolTd 
from the Rocks & emptied into the river. 

We then march'd on thro' a rough but rich Country, 
untill we arriv'd at the Capitol town which is much the 
largest we have yet met with in our whole rout, and en- 
camp'd about the same. 

410 Colonel IluhUy's Journal, 1770. 

At this place we found the Body of the Brave but unfor- 
tunate Lieut. Boyd and one Rifle-man Massacred in the 
most cruel & barbarous manner that the human mind can 
possibly conceive. The savages having put them to the 
most excrusiating Torments possible by first plucking their 
nales from hand & feet then Spearing, cutting & whipping 
them and mangling their Bodys, then cutting off the flesh 
from their shoulders by pieces, tomahawking & severing 
their heads from their Bodys and leaving them a prey to 
their Dogs. TV r e likewise found one House burn'd in which 
probable was a scene as cruel as the former. 

This evening the remains of Lieut. Boyd and the Rifle- 
mans corps were intered with military honors. Mr. Boydfi 
former good character as a brave soldier and an honest 
man, and his behaviour in the skirmish of yesterday (several 
of the Indians being found dead & some seen carried off) 
must indear him to all friends of mankind. May his fate 
await those who have been the cause of his — Britain — 
Behold — and blush ! — 

Jenise-town,the Capitol of the Seneca nation, is pleasantly 
situated on a rich and extensive flat, the soil remarkable rich 
and great parts well improov'd with fields of Corn, Beans, 
Potatoes and all kinds of Vegetables. It contained 107 
well finished houses. 
f This days march com pleated 6 1 Miles. 

Wednesday Sep? 15*. 

This morning the whole Army excepting a coveting party 
were en^asred in destroying the corn, beans Potatoes & other 
vegetables which were in quantity immense and in goodness 
unequal'd by any I ever yet saw, agreeable to a moderate 
calculation there was not less than two hundred acres, the 
whole of which was pull'd & piled up in large heaps mix'd 
with dry wood taken from the houses and consum'd to 
Ashes. About 3 o'clock a.m. the business was linish'd and 
the immidiate objects ot % this Expedition accomplish'd vizt. 





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Colonel Hublcy's Journal, 1770. 411 

the total ruin of the Indian settlements & distraction 01 
their crops. 

The following is a part of the orders issued this day, Vizt — 
" The Commander in chief informs his brave and resolute 
Army that the immediate objects 01 this Expedition are 
Accomplish'd viz. the total ruin of the Indian settlements 
and destruction of their Crops which were design'd for 
the support of those inhuman Barbarrians while they were 
desolating the American Frontiers. He is by no means 
insensible of the obligations he is under to these brave 
officers & soldiers whose virtue and fortitude have enabled 
him to complete the important design of the expedition, 
and he assures them he will not fail to inform America 
at large how much they stand indebted to them. The 
Army will this day commence its March for Tioga and pro- 
ceed in the following order — first an advance Guard of one 
hundred Men, advanc'd about one hundred yards in 
front, — Second Gen { Clintons Brigade advancing in four 
Columns from its front, third the Pack-horses and Cattle, 
fourth Gen ,s Maxwells & Poor retiring in Columns as they 
advanc'd ready to form a front in the rear of the Army. 
Sixth the Kifiemen in a line retiring in the rear of the 
whole at Seventy rods distance from the Light-corps, two 
pieces of Artillery well loaded are to goe between Gen' 
Hand & the Rifle corps, one piece is to be immediately in 
rear of Gen 1 Clinton & centre Columns and the small How- 
itzer to proceed with the advance Guard, these pieces also 
to be loaded, the flanking divisions will each be formed in 
two divisions, one Division of each flanking Gen^ Clinton, 
the rear of the other Divisions will be in a line with the 
Light Corps, their duty will be the same as when advancing 
with this difference only, that whenever a firing may com- 
mence, the division next the enemy will indeavor to gain 
their flank the other Divisions by mooving rapidly in a large 
Circle will endeavor to gain their rear, the duty o( the cov- 
ering party & select flanking companies will be the same m 
in advancing." 

412 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1770. 

About 4 o'Clock p.m. the Army took up their line ot 
march in the above order and arrived sometime after night 
near Gaghuiguilahery town were they encamp'd in a wood 
but without observing any regularity, as it was impossible 
owing to the late Season of our arrival. 

Previous to our leaving Jenise, a Woman with a Child 
came in to us, who had been taken prissoner last year near 
Wyoming, and fortunately made her escape from the Sav- 
ages. She with her handling was almost etarv'd for want 
of food, she informs us that the Indians have been in 
great want all that spring, that they subsisted intirely on 
green Corn this summer, that the Squaws were freting 
prodigiously and continualy teazing their Wariors to make 
peace, that by promisses from Butler & his Minions they are 
fed up with great things that should be done for them, that 
they seem considerably cast down & frightened, and in short 
she says distress and trouble seems painted in their Counte- 

Distance of March this day 6 Miles. 

Thursday September 16 th . 

After destroying several Cornfields we took up our line 
of March about 11 o'clock a.m. and proceeded towards 
Kanaghsas : previous to our arrival there, parties wore 
ordered out to reconoitre the Woods, and gather the Bodja 
of those soldiers who fell in the Skirmish of the 13 th , four- 
teen including those six mentioned in my Journal of the 
13 th were found and buried with Military honors, the sight 
was most shocking as they were all scalp'd, tomahawk'd 
and most inhumanly mangled. Amongst those unfortunate 
men was Hans Jost the volunteer Indian who paid equal}' 
with the rest. 

About 6 o'clock we arrived at Kanaghsas and encamp'd, 
we found several Cornfields which were immediately laid 
waist. Our March this day 9 Miles 

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Friday September 17 th . 

About 5 o'clock this morning the General beat, the Tents 
"were struck and the line of inarch taken up about 6 o'clock. 
We arriv'cl at Anyeaya about 12 o'clock being the place 
our Stores with a Garrison was left; it was with not a little 
satisfaction we found everything safe. We were not with- 
out our apprehensions about them on Account of the intil- 
igence we were fearful the enemy might have collected 
from the unfortunate prissoners who fell in their hands on 
the 13 th . We encamped in the same order, and on the 
same ground as of the 11 th Instant. 

Saturday Scpl r 18 th . 

This morning about 8 o'clock the Army moov'd, the Hear 
was ordered (before they left the ground) to kill all such 
horses as were unable to moove along least the should fall 
in the enemys hands. On our rout we fell in with several 
Onida Indians (our friends) who seem'd much rejoie'd at 
our great success against the Seneca Nations. We arrived 
about 6 o'clock p.m. at the East side of Kanadaaqua Lake 
were we encamp'd after compleating a march of 13] Miles. 

Sunday September 19 th . 

The Army moov'd 8 o'clock this morning in the usual 
order, excepting a few obstructions they met with passing 
thro' several Swamps they march'd remarkable steady. 
On our rout we were met by an express from Tioga who 
brought a number of Letters & Newspapers informing us of 
Spain declaring War against Great Britain, they likewise 
brought us the agreeable intilligence of a good supply for 
the Army having come on to New-town (about 20 Miles 
above Tioga) to meet us. This agreeable intilligence con- 
spired to make us exceeding happy, as we had not only been 
a long time intirely in the dark with respect to Home-news, 
but the disagreeable reflection of half allowance was in- 
tirely dispell'd. 

411 Colonel Hublci/s Journal, 1779. 

We persucd our march until] we arrived at Kanadaaaga, 

which was about dusk when the Infantry got up, we 
Eucarap'd in the same ground and in the same possition as 
on the 7 th Instant after compleating a march of 15 Miles. 

Monday September 20 th . 

The greater part of this day was imploy'd at Head- 
quarters in holding a Council in consequence of the inter- 
cession made by some Oneida Indians (our friends) in favour 
of the Cayuga tribe, who have been for some time past in 
alliance with the Senecas, and Acted with them and are 
now desirious to make peace with us. The Council deter- 
min'd no treaty should be held with them, and a Command 
of 500 Infantry with Major Parrs Rifle-corps were immidi- 
ately detach'd and sent to the Cayuga Lake on which their 
settlements lay, with orders to lay waist and destroy their 
Towns, Corn &c. and receive none of them but in the char- 
acter of Prissoners of War. 

Colo 1 Smith with 200 Men was also detach'd down the 
North side of Seneca Lake in order to finish the destruction 
of Gensiunque, an Indian A^illage about 8 miles below Can- 
adasaga. Colo 1 Ganseworth with 100 men was likewise 
detach'd & sent to Fort Stanwix for some business from 
whence he is to proceed to Head-quarters on the Xorth- 
river and join the Alain Army. 

About 4 o'clock p.m. the Army took up their line of 
march and moov'd steadily, about half past live they reach'd 
& cross'd the Out-let of Seneca lake and Encamp'd about 
one mile beyond the same. 

Tuesday September 2V l . 

The Army march'd this morning about 8 o'clock, and 
continued mooving steady untill we pass'd Candai abool 
2 miles were we Encamp'd near the Lake. Previous to 
our Marching this morning, Colo 1 Derbouro with a C-^m- 



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m and of 200 men, march'd to destroy a Town on the 
North side of Cayuga Lake. Distance of march this day 
13 Miles. 

Wednesday September 22 nd . 

The General beat and tents were struck about 6 o'clock 
this morning, but on account of some unavoidable obstruc- 
tion we did not moove untill 9 o'clock when we took up our 
line of march and moov'd steadily and in good order. We 
had several very difficult Ravines to pass on our rout. 
After compleating a march of 16 [Miles we encamp'd in the 
Woods near Sunset. 

Several fine Indian horses were taken at our arrival on 
this ground. 

Thursday September 23 d . 

About 8 o'clock this morning the Army march'd and 
arriv'd at Katherines-town about 2 o'clock p.m. were we 
made a small halt, We found at this place the old Indian 
Squaw which was left here, on our march up the Country, 
Gen 1 Sullivan gave her a considerable supply of flour k 
Meat for which, with tears in her savage Eyes she expre.-s*d 
a great deal of thanks. During our absence from this 
place, a young Squaw came and attended on the old one 
but some inhuman villain who pass'd thro' kill'd her. — 
What made this crime still more henious was because a 
Manifesto was left with the old Squaw positively forbiding 
any violence or Injury should be committed on the Women 
& Children of the Savages by virtue of which it appears 
this Young Squaw came to this place, which absolutely 
comes under the notice of a breach of faith, and the 
offender ought to be severely punish'd. 

I went to view in Company with a number of Gentlemen 
a very remarkable fall of Water, which is about one mile 
above this place, its beauty & elligance surpasses almost 
anything I ever saw, the fall is not less than 200 feet 
About 3 o'clock the army moov'd about 3 Mile further. 

416 Colonel Hublcy's Journal, 1779. 

and incamp'd on a plain, at the entrance of the great 
Swamp, after compleating a march of 13 } miles. 

Friday September &£**• 

This morning precisely at 8 o'clock the Army moov'd 
and continued this rout through the Hemlock Swamp, 
mentioned on the 1 st Ins* meeting with much fewer obstruc- 
tions than we expected owing to the very dry weather, 
which we have had for this month past. After passing 
through the same, we came to a fine open Country, and soon 
arrived at Kanawaluhary where there was a post established 
with a reinforcement of Stores which was a most pleasing 
circumstance as the last was issued, and that at half allow- 
ance at Kanadasaga, on our arrival the Garrison saluted us 
with the discharge of 13 cannon which compliment was 
return'd them by the Army. 

Saturday Sej)tember 25 th . 

In consequence of the Accession of the King of Spain 
to the American Alliance and the genrous proceedings of 
the present Congress in Augmenting the subsistance of the 
officers Sc Men of the Army, General Sullivan ordered five 
head of the best cattle viz 1 one for the use of the Offieers of 
each Brigade with five Gallons of Spirits each to be deliv- 
ered to them respectively thereby giving them an oppor- 
tunity of testitying their joy on the occassion. 

In the evening the whole Army was drawn up and fired 
a few de-joy, thirteen Cannon being first discharged, the 
Infantry then commene'd a running fire through the whole 
line, which being repeated a second time the whole Army 
then gave three cheers vizt. One for the United States ot 
America, one for Congress and one for our New Ally the 
King of Spain. 

The Army being then dismissed Gon 1 Hand with the 
officers of his Brigade attended by the Officers ot^ the Park 
of Artillery repaired to a bowery errected for that pur- 






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Colonel Hublcy's Journal, 7 779. 417 

pose, when the fatted Bullock was scrv'd up (dress'd in dif- 
ferent ways) the whole seated themselves on the ground 
around the same which afforded them a most agreeable 
repast. The Officers being very jovial and the evening was 
spent in great Mirth and jolity. 

After dinner the following toasts were drank, the Drums 
& fifes playing at intervals vizt. 

1. The thirteen Sisters and their Sponcers. 

2. The Honorable the American Congress. 

3. Gen' Washington and the American Army. 

4. The Commander in chief of the Western Expedition. 

5. The American Navy. 

6. The faithful allies the United House of Bourbon. 

7. May the American Congress and all her Legislative rep- 
resentatives be endowed with virtue & wisdom and mas- 
her independence be as firmly establish'd as the pillars 
of time. 

8. May the Citizens of America and her Soldiers be ever 
unanimous in the reciprocal support of each other. 

9. May altercation, discord and every degree of fraud, be 
totaly banish'd the peaceful shores of America. 

10. May the Memory of the brave Lieut. Boyd & the sol- 
diers under his Command who were horridly Massacred 
by the inhuman Savages or by their more barbarious & 
detestable Allys, the British and Torya the 13 th Instant,— 
be ever dear to his country. 

11. An Honourable peace to America or a perpetual War 
with her Enemies. 

12. May the Kingdom of Ireland merrit a stripe in the 
American Standard. 

13. May the Enemies of America be metimorphoe'd into 
pack-horses, and sent on a Western Expedition against 
the Indians. 

An Express with dispatches for General Sullivan from 
Philadelphia arrived this evening, by whom 1 received a 
packet inclosing the Commissions for my Officers. 

418 Colonel HuUey's Journal, 1779. 

Sunday September 26 th . 

A detachment was ordered out this morning to proceed 
up the Tioga branch, but a heavy rain coming on prevented 
their Marching. _ 

About 11 o'clock a.m. the Command under Colonel 
Derbourn who left us 21 sk for to proceed to the Cayuga 
Lake, return'd bringing two Squaws prissoners, he having 
in his rout destroy'd several towns and a great quantity of 
fine Corn. 


Monday September 2 

The detachment ordered to march yesterday moov'd this 
morning up Tioga branch to an Indian Tillage about 12 
miles from this place with orders to destroy the same. 

Coleman & Caldwell two of my Soldiers who by some 
means lost the Keg* at Kanadasaqua Lake on the 18 th Ins 4 
after Wandering for 7 days in the "Wilderness, found and 
join'd us at this place, they subsisted during their absence 
on the Hearts k livers of two dead horses which the found 
on the path along which the Army had march'd. 

At dusk this evening the detachment which march'd this 
morning, return'd after destroying a considerable quantity 
of Corn, beans and other Vegetables, 16 boatloads of which 
they brought with them for the use of y* Army, the also 
burn'd a small village. 

Tuesday 'September 88 th . 

Several Commands were ordered out this day viz 1 . One 
up and the other down the Tioga branch for the purpose of 
destroying Corn &c of which there was a quantity left on 
our March towards the Seneca Country. 

All the Lame & sick soldiers of the Army were this dftj 
ordered to go to Tioga in boats, and the Pack-horses least 
able for other duty. 

Colo 1 Buttler with his Command after laying waiel A 
destroying the Cayuga settlements and Corn ftc of which 

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there was a very great quantity, returned and join'd the 
Army about ten o'clock this morning. 

Wednesday September 29 th . 

The Army marched this morning about 8 o'clock and 
continued mooving steady until! we pass'd Chemung about 
one mile, were we Encamp'd on the same ground and in 
the same possition as on the 27 lh Ulto. The two Com- 
mands ordered out yesterday morniug return'd and joiu'd 
the Army at this place about 9 o'clock p.m. after destroy- 
ing large quantities of Corn, beans and other vegetables. 

Thursday September 30 th . 

This morning about 9 o'clock the Array moov'd about two 
o'clock they arrived on Tioga plains near Fort Sullivan, 
where the whole form'd in regular line of march and 
moov'd into the Garrison in the greatest order when we 
were received with Military honours, the Garrison turning 
out with presented Arms and a salute of thirteen rounds 
from their Artillery, which Compliment was return'd them 
from the Park of Artillery with the Army. 

Colonel Shrieve, Governor of the Garrison had an elegant 
Dinner provided for the Generals and Field Officers of the 
Army, we regol'd ourselves and great joy & good humour 
was visible in every Countenance. Colo 1 Proctors Band £ 
Drums & fifes played in Concert the whole time. 

Friday Oetober l sl . 

This morning the Horses, belonging to the officers of the 
Brigade, were forwarded to Wyoming. VTe also sent our 
Cow which we had along with us the whole expedition, And 
to whom we are under infinite obligations tor the great 
quantity of Milch she afforded us, which rendered our situ- 
ation very comfortable and was no small addition to our half 

•±'20 Colonel Hublcy's Journal, J 779. 

This Afternoon Colo: Brewer (Gen' Sullivan's Secretary) 
Set of to Congress with the dispatches which contain'd a 
relation of the great success of the Expedition. 

Saturday Octo r 2 nd . 

This day the Commander in chief made an elegant En- 
tertainment and invited all the General & Field officers of 
the Army to dine with him. 

In the evening to conclude the mirth of the dav, we had 
an Indian dance. The officers who join'd in it puting on 
Visiors (alias) Monetas. The dance was conducted and led 
off by a Young Sachem of the Oneida Tribe, who was next 
followed by several other Indians, the whole led off and 
after the Indian custom, dane'd to the Music which was a 
rattle, a knife and a pipe, which the Sachem continued 
clashing together and singing Indian the whole time. At 
the end of every Dance the Indian whoop was set up by the 

Sunday October 3rd. 

Atrreeable to the orders of Yesterday the Garrison of 
Fort Sullivan this day join'd their respective Corps and the 
Fort was demolished. The Stores & other baggage with the 
Park of Artillery were put on board the boats and every other 
matter put in perfect readiness to moove with the Army on 
their rout to Wyoming to morrow morning G o'clock. 

The Young Sachem Warior with several 'Oneida Indians 
(Relatives & friends of the unfortunate Indian Har.-jost, who 
bravely fell with the party under the Command of the much 
lamented Lieut. Boyd:) who have faithfully acted as Guides 
to the Army, left U3 this day well pleas'd (after bestowing 
some presents on them) for their native plaice, The Oneida 

The German Regiment who compos'd a part o{ the 
flanking divisions of the Army, were this day ordered to 
join k do duty with the 3 d Penn* Brigade commanded by 
Gen 1 Hand. 

J V 73 






1- - 

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Colonel Ilublcy's Journal, 1119. 421 

Monday 4 th October. 

This day about 8 o'clock the Army took up their line of 
march & proceeded steady & in the same order as when 
marching to the Jenesi Country with this exception only, 
that the two flanking Divisions of the Army be joiu'd k 
compose one, and march on the left flank of the Army. 

The Pack-horses with the greatest difficulty, pasa'd the 
mountain (call'd Breakneck hill) Six of them by making 
miss-steps, tumbled down & were mash'd almost to a jelly. 
(This Hill is describ'd in my journal of the 9 th of August 

"We arrived at TVeusakin about 6 o'clock in the evening 
after compleating a march of 15 miles. On acco* of the 
rain marching was rather disagreeable this day. 

Ou my arrival at this place I received a Letter with some 
News papers &c. from his Excellency President Reed, which 
contain'd agreeable News &c. 

Tuesday October 5 th . 

The Army received orders this morning to embark on 
board of the boats which was effected about 11 o'clock after 
which the whole moov'd, (but paying little respect to order) 
about dusk the Troops landed & struck up fires, every boats 
crew choosing their own ground, the night sett in with rain, 
which continued untill morning. A number of the troops 
not having any tents, suffered considerably by the rain. 

Wednesday October 6 th . 

About 8 o'clock this morning the whole embark'd again, 
and moov'd (paying no attention to order) down the river, 
about 6 o'clock the landed and Encamp'd, the weather being 
exceedingly cloudy k look'd likely for rain. 

Thursday October 7 th . 
Embark'd about 6 o'clock and kept on steadily untill we 
arriv'd at Wyoming about 3 o'clock P. m., the whole Army 

422 Colonel Hubley's Journal, 1779. 

landed and Encamp'd on the same ground and in the same 
order as on the 30 th July. 

Thus by the perseverence, good Conduct and determin'd 
resolution of our Commander in chief, with the assistance 
of his council and the full determination ot his troops to 
execute have we fully accomplish'd the great end & inten- 
tions of this important expedition, And I flatter myself we 
have far more than fully surpass'd the most sanguine expec- 
tations of those whose Eves were more immediatelv looking 
to us for success. 

The glorious achievements we have exhibited in extending 
our conquests so far, and at the same time render them so 
very compleat, will make no inconsiderable ballance even 
in the present politicks of America. Its future good conse- 
quences I leave to the eloquence of time to declare, which 
will in Ages hence celebrate the memory of those brave 
Sons, who noblv resi^n'd their lives disdaining everv fatigue 
& hardship, to compleat a conquest, the real good effects & 
advantages of which posterity will more particularly enjoy. 

Whilst I revere the merit and virtue of the Army, I am 
sorry I am under the necessity of mentioning that there 
was an unparallel'd and unpardonable neglect (and which 
ought not to pass with impunity) in those whose business 
it was to supply them with a sufficient quantity of n< 
saries to carry them through the expedition, instead of 
which not more than 22 days of flour & 16 days meat was 
on hand when it commenc'd. And altho 1 the Army pos- 
sess'd a degree of Virtue perhaps unparallel'd in the Annals 
of History, in undertaking an expedition on half allowance 
which was in every instance hazardous and injurious, Yet 
had we not been favoured with the smiles of Provident 
a continuation of good Weather, the half allowance itself 
would not have enabled us to perform what from that 
circumstance we have. 


Letters of William Penn. 423 


[Originals in the Manuscript Department of the Historical Society of 

(Continued from page 318.) 

y ll-7 ra 1691 


I have Rec d your Divided packett w cb show yo" Di- 
vided Governm* and surely y e Cause of it will early or late 
meet with its Reward whereever it lives. In y e mean time 
your Division has torne me to peices and opend those 
wounds that Malice gave me here, and time & patience had 
Closed up and almost Cured. No puhlick frowns have given 
me that trouble or Concerne, and I am Greived that what I 
thought y* highest mark of a lowlv and loving minde has 
had no better Effect. "Wliat i3 next to be don to gaine you 
or quiett you, to perswade you to your owne Interestt before 
yo" Disorders spoyeld you and Devour y e Country ? you 
Cannot Imagine what use is made by all sorts and Eepeciall 
those at Helm of your Divisions. ffriends I Came to you 
in love, I left you in love and with Resolutions of Returning 
to you with all that was Dear to me in this AVorld and my 
letts and Disapointments y e Righteous God knows were 
neither what I Desired nor Could overcome, but y* Course 
you take will ever make it Impracticable. I am a man of 
Sorrows and vou Augment my Griefs, not because you dont 
concerne, but because you dont love one another. Though 
you are not of one Judgment in Religion, vou are of 
one flamily in Civiles and should aime at y* puhlick 
good, and your owne private Interests only in that, and if you 
Cannot Deny your selves, your private humour & Resent- 
ments I must Expect ffrom your strifes y Loss of the whole 
to me and mine and as uneasie as the administrations bare 
been to all sides under my Deputations, you will ilmde the 
change worse then you are able to Imagine or Mend. 

424 Letters of William Penn. 

I write this therefore and Dedicate it to you all before 
any resolutions are taken (from Your Division) here, to your 
and my prejudice. Shall your Disatisfaction about David 
Lloyd and Jo n White, their usage mine us all ? Cannot you 
bear a little ffor y e good of y e whole at least till it please 
God to bring me among you. One party Complaines of a 
surreptitious Couneiie, the other of an Incompetent Election 
of a Deputy. Before you part I oblige you in y* ffear and 
name of God. by w 1 power I have with you in ffriendshipp 
or Office that you fforgive and pass by yo r respective heats 
& objections & studdy peace and love and whoever is most 
in the right will I hope show most of that Disposition and 
by y l Convince y e opposite party. I call upon you all my 
Loving ftriends, Tho. Lloyd, Wm. Markham Arth" Cook, 
Jo s Cain, Jos. Growdon, Win. Clark &:c to hear what I say 
and to remember yo r Gover r , your ff'riend and your affec- 
tionate one too, asks this at your hands. I Can fforgive you 
in what any of you have thoat or done at anytime ag* me. 
Can you not ftbr my sake and your owne fforgive one 
another? And wherein you have served me, I am, and 
hope to be ffurther thankful to you. Strive not, read y e 5 th 
Mat. y* 12 Rom. 3 of y e Coloss* 1 Tim : 3, 2 Tim 2 : 14 2 
of Tim. you will see what becomes Christianity, even in 
Government, the matter is Easily Convertible to Cunchule 
if Petitions were Rejected it was not well, if the assemblya 
Clark was knowingly, or as such arrested it was not D - 
creet but I must tell you they have none by Charter, but y* 
Proc 1 Councills, tior he whoever he be is y e Clark to y* 
Gen Tl Assembly and the assembly but an additional] to j* 
Prov. Councill who is the true Representative wh'uh answers 
to y c Commons not y e Lords of England, being Eh 
which ye Lords are not and ffor that reason Least Council- 
lors, tho the peoples ehoyce may miss it, by AVeakiu-^ or 
Corruption, yett they shall have an I or an no ffor it but 
not a r d Debating power as hath y* Prov Councill which 1 
have more than once hinted to you. Agaiue if the N\ -a- 
Castle £c councillors surprised y e board it \\ M not well y' 

Letters of William Pcnn. 425 

president and all in Towne should have been summoned 
and if the Pro v. Councill Choose a Deputy without a Charter 
Quorum, it was also reprehensable. I therefore require y* 
Meeting of y e Councillors that could meet, whoine sick:... ■- 
or absence did not hinder, that you might together hear 
my minde and my desires and by answering which I shall 
see whether you remember, love or desire your ffriend k 
Gover r againe. You of the Lower Counties Call to minde 
how you desired to be joyned to y e uper, and you of 
y e upper Counties how much you were pleased at y e union 
of y e Lower and both at Chester (then Upland) and after- 
wards at Philadelphia, y e solemn presence that union was 
blest with. I can better fibrin ve those that were not wit- 
nesses of it. It is never to be forgotten of those that will 
remember that w ch is good. Take that Hono* from me be 
united before I come that I may ffinde you as I left you to 
Gods Glory and our Mutuall Comfort. 

I had y e Xew Castle packett 10 days agoe that of y* 
Province but G days since have had but an hours time given 
me to send you this and not an hour before came y* Laws 
&c from ffrance that Came by y e Trvall as I suppose with 
Divers Letters but none ffrom any publick person but a 
short one from Cap* Markham of the 3 d mo. 90, if more 
they may follow ffriends I conclude with this chuse again e 
in a ffull Councill, be Kinde and yeilding, that your Neigh- 
hours may see you Can fforgive as well as resent and he 
wise as well as Jealous of your Rights, and Lett no man be 
turned out nor make Changes but upon misdemeanour 
ftarely proved. And ffor all Xew Towns or Charters or 
Counties &c Nothing to be done but by my Knowledge and 
Consent Especially no alteration in the Towne- or Settle- 
ment already made. The Messengers stays and I have only 
time to salute you all, and by you y* people, that am your 
reall ffriend 

YVm. Pur*. 

W. P. P. G. 

To my trusty and well beloved ftriende Tha Lloyd, Jo m 

426 Letters of William Penn. 

Syncock, Jos. Growden, Wm. Markham Jo n Cann, Wm. 
Clark, Arth. Cook, Sam Richardson Jo 11 Curtis, Thomas 
Duckett, Grif. Owen, Jo n Bristow Win. Jenkins, Wm. 
Stockdale, Jo n Delevall, Griff. Jones, Wm. Yardly and y - 
rest of the Prov Councill of Pennsilvania and Territorys, 
not to be opened before all be present unless hindered by 
sickness or unavoydable absence. 

Endorsed on the letter is the following : 

This Lett r was und r Cover Directed to Tho. Lloyd and 
W m Markham w tb ye* Proprietors owne hand. It came by 
way of Maryland enclosed to Rich d John and sent hether by 
Ralfe frishbourne y e 12' b of Ap 11 1692. Tho. Lloyd brought 
it to me Wm. Clark was then with me, wee open'd y* ffirst 
Cover and ffound inclosed this Letter sealed, and open'd it. 

WORMINGHURST 25 10 m 96 

Rob. Turner 

I cannot complain of thy silence, tho more of laite then 
formerly & must own I have had more letters from 
y* than any one in y e Province except my Cos. Mark- 
ham. But y* ill favour'd Jumble of G. K agst which the 
life of God in frds has risen throughout this nation, Scot- 
land & Ireland has I beleive hindered y e of late; Thou 
going in too far with him in Counteuanceing, or not 
enough discountenancing his violences, and managem 1 
Tho I have sayd thou hast to me disliked them. Rob. the 
ancient, noble, Glorious truth turns agst his work & he is 
fallen in with y e dreggs of aposttacy ft enmity of all sorts 
of Professions agst. us ft not 5 people in y e unity before he 
came over adhear to him as I can learn he dwindles away, 
depend upon it. Thou knowst I was kinds & plain too, but 
I of all men, he runs at, ft has most unworthily used, the 
Lord rebuke him & restore him. 

Now for w* thou hast writt in thyn of y e 6. 6 m 96. I take 
it kindly, for there are good hints ft sights of things, ft 1 
shall make use of them accordingly, as thou mayst Boon see. 
But Robert, If truly thou lovest me £ one whose slices 

Letters of William Perm. 427 

lachet I am not worthy to unloose, then let me prevale with 
thee not to strengthen y* Int. & Party w ch runs agst y e an- 
cient unity & frds. as we were a People when I was among 
you. I will not say they have not their weaknesses ; some 
may be high, some selfish, some hote, yet they are a people 
called and In measure saved by the Lord. They have 
known & do know & measurably enjoy the Lords love & 
presence which is beyond words & speculations and doubt- 
ful disputations. I beseech thee as an ancient professor 
of y c ever honourable truth & an acquaintance of the 
nobles of Israel in y e begining, y* thou come forth 
clearly from any privat dissatisfactions, or singularitys & 
thou wilt soon feel the comfort & encrease of it to thyselfe 
in thyn own bosome, none knows of this but my selfe. I 
know thou art a secret man & therefore to y e I ease my 
minde next, for my own poor languishing Interest I am 
enough a beleiver of y e ill estate of it, but alas who will 
help me. I have not seen sixpence these twice six years, 
my Plantation expensive & yet ruinous, a lovely place & 
good begining but every one mindeing their own thing?. 
But my eye is to the Lord y' from my youth has preserved 
me & from my mothers womb seperated me to see his won- 
drous works in y e great deeps of my day k in my voyage 
to eternity for which my soul blesseth his holy name. 

I hear vice raigns to y e reproach of the Province — thou 
wilt be heard by Gov r Mar. & used to write to me about it 
in T. K's time,. urge him to suppress it with an high hand. 
I have suffered much formerly on his account ft others M 
P. IV s &c. for being over them y* made it a country, ft ex- 
pected under me the chiefest Administration and came with 
y* hope, & if they see no better conduct than in other 
Goverm ts they will be under a very troublesome dis- 
apointmt. I cannot but acknowledge they have some reason, 
wherefore pray let thos y l Govern, represent me ft my 
strictness, all they can for every body here &c expect it ft y" 
Contrary is my reproach ft our Professions. 1 Bhall n< x 
thee that I shall shortly nominate a sun" Qen u Deputy,*)*) 

428 Letters of William Penn. 

com" of Propriety & 6ome other new measures, what thou 
canst pray be helpful] that my affaires sinck not, my poor 
daughter now by me,beggs yMier liouse may not sinck, but 
if needfull be repaired the best way to improve it for her 
would be a reall kindness to her & to me. I will not say she 
wants it, but it would be a requisit conveniency to her, give 
my love to thy wife & mo r & fi'riends as free I am 
Thy assured Frd 

Wm. Penn. 

Lett me hear first <fc about 
my concerns & Daughters k 
sons lott, now my only 
one for y e Lord has taken 
from me my excellent 
childe, to my deepest grief 

London 5 th 7 m 97 


The Accusations of one sort & the reports of another that 
are come for England against your Goverm* not only tend 
to our mine but our Disgrace. That you winck at a Scotch 
Trade k a Dutch one too receiveing European goods from 
the latter, as well as sufTerinor yours agst law & \ e English 
Interest to goe to the other, also that you do not only winck 
at but embrace pirate, ships & men. Thes are your Accusa- 
tions, and one Francis Jones of Philadelphia has complained 
of it to Gov r Nicolson because It was not redrcst in y r 

The Keports are & a nameless letter is come to me be- 
sides from Philadelphia to y e same purpose, that there is no 
place more over run with wickedness, sins so very, scandal- 
ous openly Committed in defiance of law & virtue, facts so 
foul, I am forbid by common modesty to relate them. I 
do therefore desire & charge you the Gov r & Council for 
y e time being to issue forth some act or acts o\" state, forth 
with to suppress both forbidden Trade and piracy A also 
y e growth of vice & loosness, till some severe laws be nuule 

Letters of William Petm. 420 

agst them. And I doe hereby Charge that no licences be 
granted to any to keep publick houses y* do not give great 
security to keep civil houses, & are not known to be of a 
sober convirsation & y* the Courts of Justice in each County 
have the approbation of not licenseing of them in order to 
prevent much of the occasion of such Lewdness & Idleness 
as are too often seen in such places. And that you take 
care that Justice be Impartially done upon Transgressors, 
that the wrath and vengeance of God fall not upon you to 
Blast your so very flourishing begining. I hasten to you 
so fast as the Complaints here agst you will give me leave, 
j* make my presence now but too necessary. Lett neither 
base gain nor a byass affection, byass or make you partiall 
in these cases. But for my sake, your own Bakes & above 
all for God's sake, lett not the Poor Province longer suffer 
under such grevious & offensive Imputations, and you 
will oblige him y* loves you, prays for you & prays to be 
with you, & is with true love 

your reall Friend & aff. Proprietary 

¥m. Pern. 

Letters of Hannah Penn. 

bath y e 11 th of a 1 mo. 1715 

Dear Child. 

This brings mine & thy fathers Dear Love to thee & thy 
Brothers Richard & Dennis, who I hope mind your Books 
& do as Master orders. Xeglect not to read in the Bible 
or in some Good frds book the Value of 2 Chapters every 
day, and hear thy brothers also a small pettiton out o{ 
y e bible or J. Frames book some of which I would thee at 
thy Leacure hours. Learn them by heart and be a good 
Example to them. I have the satisfaction to hear you wore 
well first day from Hannahs Mother who also brought the 
account of Honest Marg* Rawles death at which I have 
much Consern'd but wish to know of what & with whom she 

430 Letters of William Penn. 

dyed. I shall lett thee know that thy poor father holds 
through the Lords mercy as well as at home he drinks about 
a q 1 of y c Bath Water and has a good stomach after it. I am 
at present also pretty well as is thy sister & sister Aubrey, 
Mary Chandler & M. Wells Indiferent, as is Hannah this 
day, But she has been very ill for the most part ever since 
she came here so was not able to attend thy father but rather 
wanted attendance herselfe having had a severe feavour it- 
ague but mist her fitt yesterday and has been better to-day 
y n any day since she Came. I am at a loss for several things 
she should have remembred and w ch I would have sent by 
flying coach 6 th day if this comes time enough to hand, viz. 
thy fathers slippers, 2 pair of New Gloves in the sheet 
Trunk, his old thin Wascoat of striped silk druggett, 
Johncs thin surtoot if not toren, if tis then send thy fathers 
short one to make one for him. We also want Pegges Blue 
shoes. Johnes new silk Hankercher & mine from Mary 
little worths send it by the man that meets II. Pratt for 1 
fancy they will be most reasonable, but if Extortions then 
send by the Wasrsron, who will bring for 7/ a hundred but 
I much want thy fathers thin wascoat & Johnes Coat, he & 
thy sisters gives their kind love to you all. Give mine to 
Thomas Kent & to thy Master, if either of them desire an) 
books out of thy fathers Closett thou may help them to the 
key & when done lett Rachell lock it up with the rest in 
the drawer I left it. Give my Love to Rachel] to whom be 
ye all kind Si easy & if her mother Inclines to come as I 
ofered rachell, Lett her be kindly used, and tell her I would 
have The Rent accomodated to his satisfaction. I have not 
as yet heard from you since Thomas went hence, I desire 
sometimes to hear from thy Master and sometimes from 
thee how you go on & are in health and how poor Manda 
does, if thy Master has not made more Balsamack sirup lett 
Thomas Get 2 or 3 ounces of it from Rob' Deans ft if it 
does her good lett her have more; or anything else y' may 
turn to her advantage, for I am in concern tor her. but I must 
say no more now, but with my best desires tor good and 

Letters of William Penn. 431 

Comfort and hearty salutes of dear Love to you all my dear 
Children I end and am thy Dear brothers &c 

Thy affectionate Mother 

To Thomas Pesn. II. Penn. 

My love to our frds. at 

Reding. I would have Rachell 

bottle 6 or 8 bottles at least 

of Gooseberry when they are fitt k 

Candy some Angelha if any 

is fitt else make some cake 

or of which is in my 

receite Book which John has and 

which I desire w th the Loose receits 

may be kept very Carefully. I 

wish for a buttin book or 2 y* Johne Imploy his 

time in here if John thinks any he has proper. 

29 th of 5 mo 1718 
My dear Child 

This is to bring thee the sorrowfull act. of thy fathers 
being worse than ordinary, I refer thee to H. Gouldney & 
thy sister Aubrey for more particulars I am 

Thy afflicted but 
affec. Mother 

11. r. 

I think thou was best write to thy 2 poor brothers ft lett 
them know a little of our care least the next may be too 
surprising to them. Tho' Rob* Dean this morning did not 
seem to see an aparent danger sudanly but I do fear it. 

432 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 


(Continued from page 339.) 

Philad June 10. 1774. 
Dear friend, 

I had the pleasure of communicating a few lines to thee 
on the 31 st ult ra packet, since when none of thy favors have 
come to my hands; the murder of those Indians on the 
Ohio has been since fully ascertained, and the enclosed copy 
of a letter from John Irwin will give thee a pretty clear 
view of that horrid transaction; he is a man of irood char- 
acter, and his account is therefore much to be depended 
on. It is ascerted that an express went to the Govornor 
of Virginia with the account, but he has taken no notice 

What I mentioned in one of my former letters, is now 
dailv verifying; all this extensive Continent considers the 
port bill of Boston as striking essentially at the liberties of 
all North America, and the enclosed newspaper will give 
thee a specimen of their sentiments, in the resolution of 
the Virginians who have determined (tbo 1 not public) to 
break off the rearing of more tobacco unless the grievances 
are redressed, and every man knows how this will affect 
the revenue of England; Maryland has followed the exam- 
ple, and almost all the counties of that province have 
entered into resolves. Pennsylvania is following on, ami 
on the 15 ch a general meeting is to be held in this city, when 
its not doubted, that the greatest numbers will attend that 
was ever known on any occasion, a body of about 40 per- 
sons were together yesterday to propose the resolves for 
this grand meeting, — Our Govornor has been petitioned I y 
a large number to call the Assembly that they might unite 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 433 

with the other Assemblies in forming one General Con- 
gress, which he has refused to do: notwithstanding which 
I am clear, that a General Congress of Deputies from all 
the Colon vs. will take place this fall, and thereby will begin 
the formation of an union, which I am clear it will become 
Great Brit-tain so far to unite on as to form a constitu- 
tional connection between you and us, whereby a lasting 
cement will be effected. 

We yesterday were informed by a coasting vessel that 
he had seen the fleet of men of war and soldiers ^oimc to 
Boston where no doubt they are arrived before this. — 

I beg the favor of thy informing my Brother, that his 
connections are well (except our honoured father whose 
health seems much on the decline) and that I propose to 
write him by next packet if I find he is like to continue. 
I remain with the sincerest esteem 
thy obliged friend 

T. Wharton. 

Xewingtox July 5, 1774. 
Dear Brother, 

My last to thee per Capt F. ot the 17 th May I hope thou 
hast received, since when thy favor of the 6 th April came to 
hand for which I thank thee, and we were pleased to find 
you had hopes soon of setting in motion your own affair, 
and we were confirmed in the prospect by a confirmation 
of the assurance given you by Lord Dartmouth, that he would 
write in His Majesty's name to L d Dunmore forbidding 
the sale &c. of the Ohio lands. I mentioned that J. Tilgh- 
man and A. Alleu were gone down to Virginia to try if 
possible to settle matters with Dunmore respecting the 
conduct of Dr Conolly, and they happening to be at Wil- 
liamsburg when the dispatches by the April packet got 
there, his Lordship, (as A. Allen told me) could not help 
expressing with much warmth the receipt of those prohib- 
itory orders, and it appeared that ho was much disap- 
pointed in not being able to serve himself and some others 
vol. xxxiii — 28 

43-i Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1778-1788. 

by locating a large track; and when they found their schc 
were thus frustrated, they openly denied the quality of the 
land, this however could avail but little with any judicious 
man; but the consequences flowing from the barbarous 
murders committed by Michael Cressup and Baker are 
likely to have the most serious tendency as the Indians 
have taken up the hatchet against the English, and killed a 
number of people; its said that upwards of 200 families 
have already left their settlements, with all the prospect of 
fine and plentiful crops, and in the utmost confusion fled 
to the interior parts of Virginia and this province; by these 
most wicked acts of Cressup, Baker and some others, the 
rapid settlement of Vandalia is greatly checked, and great 
numbers of industrious, usefull people driven to the utmost 
despair. — Some do not hesitate to say that, a certain Lord 
must have been at the bottom, in order if possible to drive 
thy friends from our scheme, that he with a few others might 
step in and get the prize, as it was conceived that our great 
friends at home would not think a country worth obtaining 
wdiich lay constantly open to the attacks of a wild ferocious 
enemy, and thou'l find observation hinted at in a letter I 
lately enclosed to Thomas Walpole from John Irwin to 1\. 
Callender, so serious is this important affair grown, that 
notwithstanding L d Dunmore dissolved his Assembly some 
weeks since, to hinder them from taking the affairs of the 
Bostonians into their consideration, yet he has on tl 
Indian allarms, issued writ for a -new election, which 
comes on in as short a day as possible. — Our Govornor 
has also summoned our Assembly to meet the 18 th inst : to 
take Indian affairs into their consideration, and thou may 
be assured, that at a time he wished to do nothing that 
mi^ht offend administration he would not have called the 
house, and thereby given them an opportunity constitution- 
ally to unite with the other Colonies, had not this most 
pressing necessity obliged him to it, and I am therefore 
very unhappy in being necessitated to inform thee o\ mat- 
ters so very disagreeable as the certainty of an Indian war 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1113-1183. 435 

must be to us. — There were about 50 traders with all their 
property in the Indian country just ready to depart from 
thence when these wretches Cressup and Baker committed 
these murders, the consequence of which is the immediate 
loss of those traders lives with about £20.000 property 
belonging chiefly to some merchants in this city. — I have 
not received a letter from Col. Crosdian for some consider- 
able time, tho' I hear he is doing what he can to pacify the 
Indians, but all seems to little effect. Can it be possible 
that Government will let such men as Cressup and Baker 
go unpunished. Its said (and I believe with great truth) 
that Michael Cressup was making of large surveys at the 
time of this cpiarrel, and some do not hesitate to say, for a 
certain Lord; but whether true or not I cannot tell, I can 
assure thee that every information we can get very clearly 
proves the friendly disposition of the Indians, but it cannot 
be expected they will put up with such attrocious acts of 
vilany. — 

Since my last, great have been the commotions on this 
continent, occasioned principally by the act of parliment tor 
shutting up the port of Boston, and the prospect of other 
acts relative to that unhappy place, and be assured the whole 
continent will hereby be united in a stronger and more firm 
union than any thing which has heretofore happened could 
possibly effect, as thou no doubt peruses the several papers 
of this continent, they will inform thee of the general steps 
persueing to effect this grand measure. Virginia took the 
lead, and they fixed the 1 st of August to meet in order to 
appoint deputies to attend the Congress, but as L d Dunmore 
has called a new election, he no doubt means the House 
shall meet in a legislative capacity to do something relative 
to Indian affairs, when they will authoritatively appoint 
deputies for the Congress. The Carolinas ami Maryland 
will do the same, and our Assembly, it cannot remain as ;i 
doubt will comply with the desire of their constituents in 
this point; the Jersey and New York have engaged to he 
ready; Rhode Island and Massnchusets have appointed their 

436 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-17SS. 

deputies, and the latter fixed on the first of September to he 
the time of meeting and that the Congress sit in Philadel- 
phia, hence thou sees the great probability of an American 
Union taking place, and I dare say thou'l join with me in 
believing it would be happy could our parent state assist us 
in thus establishing a Constitutional Union betwixt her and 
us, she appointing a supreme magistrate to reside on this 
continent, who, with a fixed number from each House of 
Assembly should form an upper legislature to control the 
general affairs of this continent, and who would be a proper 
check to the forward or ambitious views of any one colony. 
— The intent of this congress, is to endeavour to form a con- 
stitutional plan for the government of America, dutifully to 
petition the King, and remonstrate to parliament relative to 
various acts of trade, the several acts respecting the Massa- 
chusets government, and if possible to point out such heads 
that we may unite with the mother country in a constitu- 
tional Union; and I suppose it will then be considered how 
far a general nonexportation, and nonimportation will be 
proper for the Colonies to engage in, should relief not be 
granted to the prayer of the Americans. — 

Thou may somewhat admire to see my name among the 
Committee lately appointed at a grand meeting of our citi- 
zens, as thou knows I have for some years declined taking 
an active part in public measures, but I shall freely say that 
the inducements to me on this extraordinary occasion were 
the solicitations of great numbers of my fellow citizens, and 
a sincere desire in myself to keep the transactions of our 
city within the limits of moderation and not indecent or 
offensive to our parent state. — VThen the affairs of Boston 
became very serious by the passing of the porthill the com- 
mittee consisting of 19 who were chosen some time since, 
thought it not prudent of themselves to prepare resolves 
&e. for a general county meeting (which was strenuously 
insisted on) they selected 6 persons from each society in 
this city, to unite with them in considering and preparing 
those resolves, when as many attended, increased the nuin- 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 177S-17SS. 437 

ber to about GO persons; at this meeting J Dickenson (uiie 
of the committee) produced a number of resolves, some of 
which were expressed in terms we could not upprove of, 
and therefore after debates which lasted for 10 or 12 hours, 
we took off all the acrimonious parts and reduced them to 
the printed ones enclosed; but thou'l find that those pub- 
lished in our newspapers as agreed at the general meeting 
is somewhat different; on the whole as I cannot pretend to 
give in the course of a letter a circumstantial detail of those 
transactions let it suffice, that, I say, our only motive for 
meeting was to keep the peace of the city and as much as 
possible to hinder any thing from being done that could 
tend to influence or insense Great Brittain against us, as we 
are abundantly convinced that our happiness depends on a 
strict union with her on constitutional principles, and we 
hope the great among you will be convinced of the pro- 
priety of this union, and grant their assistance to a measure 
which if well executed, must tend greatly to the prosperity 
of both countries. 

Thy family are well — our honoured father continues 
very low and I very much fear his continuance with us. 

I am thy affe c Brother 

T. AVharton. 

P. S. Thy letter of 6 th May with the act of Parliament 
respecting Quebec and that to J Dobson and Co is just 
come to hand — the packet not yet arrived. Where will 
matters terminate. 

Newington Aus:: 2. 1774. 
Dear friend, 

My last of the 10 th June I hope came safe to hand since 
when I had the pleasure of thy favor of May 4 ,h for which 
I thank thee. — The sentiments it contains do honour to 
the author, and I hope the day is not far off when the 
foundation will be laid whereon a substantial and perma- 
nent union between Great Brittain and her Colonies will Ik- 
established, as this union cannot be durable unless fixed 

43S Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1113-1183. 

on constitutional principles, I trust our great ones with 
you will not take umbrage at the Congress which has been 
formed to collect the united sentiments of all America on 
this great point and in which the utmost degree of har- 
mony prevails among us; and I cannot entertain the most 
distant doubt but that it is the desire of this continent and 
will be one principal object of that body to manifest to 
onr parent state the most sincere disposition to continue 
with her in the strictest harmony and friendship, notwith- 
standing some very violent and base publications have 
issued from the pen of men who are unworthy of the con- 
nection we bear with you, but I know I am writing to so 
good a judge of mankind, that he will not blend the vir- 
tuous of an extended continent with a few whose [illegible] 
prove them unfit for the members of civil society. The 
Boston portbill with the other two acts of parliament rela- 
tive to that place, have aroused this whole continent and 
thou'l find by all their proceedings that they consider Bos- 
ton as suffering in the common cause of America, these 
sentiments have naturally produced the several measures 
which have been pursued, and by the accounts received we 
find that South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, the three 
lower counties on Delaware, Pennsylvania, Xew Jersey, 
New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay and New 
Hampshire have all actually appointed deputies to attend 
the Congress to be held in this city the beginning ot' Sep- 
tember next, and we can have no doubt but that North 
Carolina and Georgia will also attend by their depu 
Hence thou sees, that what I sometime since mentioned 
will clearly take place, and I am sure as I can be 01 any 
thing not perfected, that if our parent state will but meet 
us on such grounds as becomes her dignity and our affinity 
to her, all will be happy, and perhaps through a union of 
counsels difference in sentiment which for some part has 
subsisted, may have the happy tendency of striking out a 
path of proceedure for both countries which may not 
secure their future <rood will towards each other but con- 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1113-1183. 439 

firm to all the world that we are bone of your bone, and 
consider the freedom of one country as the sure pledge of 
the other. 

By a vessel belonging to R d Neave which I expect will 
sail in 10 days I intend to forward for thy amusement and 
information a number of our papers as thou'll thereby be 
fuller informed of what has been doing on this continent than 
the limits of a letter will admit of, thou'l no doubt see my 
name in the list of our Committee, and I can truly say, 
that, the only motive I had in undertaking a service which 
I knew would be very arduous and therefore disagreeable, 
was that I might contribute as for as possible in keeping 
my fellow citizens from proceeding to declarations and 
measures inconsistent with their duty and true interest, 
and I do not repent the time I spent therein, although I 
cannot approve of all of the resolves entered into, nor of 
the instructions delivered to our members of Assembly; 
a few of us on that committee protested against the violent 
and therefore unworthy parts of them, and the opposition 
to which cost many hours, for altho' we are satisfied, it the 
freedom of America is taken away, that of England will 
not continue long; yet we are equally convinced that 
decent and loyal expressions, with a firm attachment to the 
Constitutional principles of an englishman, would better 
become us, than any other mode that could be adopted ; 
and indeed I know the general sentiments of the people on 
this continent, is that of true and faithful subjects to our 
Gracious Sovreign George the Third, and who in the most 
ardent manner wish a preservation of that ancient harmony, 
which subsisted between you and us, but yet they cannot 
admit of the possibility of our being represented by the 
Commons of Great Brittain, and therefore, that, constitu- 
tionally they can have no right to take our money from us. 

Among the papers I shall send thee will be the votes 
of our Assembly, herein thou'l perceive the sentiments 
respecting the unhappy differences which have taken place 
between the Virginians and Indians, owing, we have too 

440 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1173-1783. 

much reason to believe to the disposition of L J D. to get 

possession of the lands on the Ohio, that he and a few others 
•might garble up what quantities they thought proper; but I 
have the happiness to believe they will be disappointed 
therein. L d Duumore (as published in the Virginia papers) 
left Williamsburg on the 11 th ult° for Fort Pitt, in order, 
(as its said) to settle with the natives, and if possible to 
restore peace and tranquility to the unhappy but indus- 
trious poor who have settled along the banks of the Ohio, 
he will, if he is sincere in the measure, very easily accom- 
plish the necessary work, as there has been treties held by 
Col. Croghan and Capt McKee with the several tribes of 
Indians in that quarter, all of whom have engaged to con- 
tinue their friendship with us, except the Shawanese, who 
were the tribe that suffered by the baseness and horrid 
murders committed by Michael Cressup and his party, yet 
its not doubted but a present to them will effect the salu- 
tary purpose, and restore peace along our extended frontier. 
Col. Croghan forwarded me the copy of a treaty, which 
tho' several sheets of paper, I thought might be acceptable, 
and therefore have caused the same to be transcribed, and 
which shall be forwarded to thee. 

This packet will convey to you an account of the irrep- 
arable loss the nation has met with in the sudden and 
unexpected death of that great man Sir W m Johnson about 
the 11 th of last month. It seems he had just had a con- 
ference with a lar^e bodv of Indians on the murders com- 
mitted by Cressup &c: — and that he happily induced them 
to remain in quiet with us, but just as they were taking 
leave of him, he was seized with the Bilious Cholie, which 
in a few hours put a period to his stay in this life. 

I remain kc eve 

T. Wharton 

Newino.ton August 20. 1774. 
Dear friend Thomas Walpolk, 

I did myself the pleasure on the 2 nd inst. per packet to 
write thee, and a few days after (by a vessel from hence to 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 441 

London addressed to Hartford k Powell) I sent thee a 
number of newspapers with the Votes of our Assembly and 
the proceedings at Fort Pitt relative to an accommodation 
with the Indians, these papers were directed to the Captains 
particular care, to be delivered to those gentlemen without 
cost of postage, which I hope as well as the one per packet 
will soon reach thy hands; altho' I have not had the pleas- 
ure of any of thy favors since that of May I could not avoid 
transmitting thee, the extraordinary resolves and instruc- 
tions of the Virginians. And it appears to me they have 
proceeded further in this declaration than any of the other 
Colonies, and indeed much further than, I think, was pru- 
dent or just for them to do, but who shall say, thus far 
you shall proceed and no further, yet I trust when the 
wisdom of this continent is united in Congress they will 
pursue such measures as shall convince you of our firm and 
sincere attachment to a Constitutional connection with the 
parent state, both parts supporting its legal and just rights. 
— Some of the delegates from South Carolina are already 
arrived, and I doubt not by the 10 th September the Con- 
gress will sit, when I shall have it in my power regularly to 
inform thee of the step3 they shall take. 

As I find a disposition is strongly prevalent in most oi 
the Colonies, that a nonimportation from Great Brittain 
6hall take place, I am very jealous that the Congress will be 
compelled to adopt this measure, perhaps to commence the 
1" January 1775, and I do believe it will be attended 
with the most positive and strict observance, you best know- 
how far this will aflect your true interests and perhaps our 
great ones may find they had better never have compelled 
the Americans to adopt this measure. — 

Let those who write to please ministers of State, say what 
they may, be assured of a truth, that the Colonies from one 
end of the continent to the other, consider the proceedings 
against Boston as levelled at each of them, and they do also 
consider the act (in its present form) for establishing the 
Govornment of Quebec, as the greatest departure from the 

442 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 

English constitution of any ever yet attempted ; and fear 
that its meant and intended to keep the body of inhabitants 
of that province, as auxiliaries, to reduce both the laws and 
people of every other Colony; some of our politicians ask, 
how comes it that this act should comprehend a territory so 
much larger than that which was ceeded by France; when 
by a reverse of the chances of war to that of the last, that 
country may be taken by the French, who then will not be 
content with the limits she surrendered to us, but will insist 
upon the limits ascertained and fixed by this very act of 

A report strongly prevails here that Gen 1 Gage has re- 
quested leave to return home or resign his commission. — I 
am told that upwards of £20,000 is and will be sent to 
Boston for the relief of her distressed inhabitants 

I am with the sincerest esteem and regard 
thy real friend 
(N. B. I did not sign this letter.). 

Philadelphia Sept 3. 1774. 
Dear friend, 

Since my last of — ult° none of your favors has reached 
me. — 

I had the satisfaction a few days since of receiving per 
Brother Samuel a letter, and agreeable to which I have 
sent Joseph Dobson to Georgetown on Potomaok with 
instructions to remain there and take care of the goods; 
I have not as yet heard of their arrival, nor will it be 
prudent to send them to the westward until a peace is 
established between the Virginians and Indians. Its cer- 
tain that Lord Dunmore has gone to the westward, and its 
said with desire to restore peace, but as yet no proceedings 
of his which have such a tendency, has come to our hands; 
a few days since I delivered to one Mat bias Hush (who will 
be heard of at Moses Franks) a packet for an America 
pamphlet and an account of the proceedings of some of the 
Virginia troops against the Indians. — 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 17 73-1783. 443 

I now enclose the extract of a letter which I received 
from Col. Croghan by which thou'l perceive the horrid 
situation which the base acts of some of the Virginians has 
thrown the western country into, and on receipt of which 
letter I applied to the Governors Secretary and endeavoured 
to convince him of the necessity that some goods should be 
sent, but he replied that they had sent several belts to the 
Indians and had reason to hope that they would be pre- 
vailed on not to join with the Shawnese in the war, but as 
Col. Croghan writes in such strong terms that a general 
war would absolutely follow if some step3 were not taken, 
and that if I would send him 50,000 of black and white 
wampum he would do his utmost to prevent the spreading 
of the war, I consulted my father and we were of opinion 
that the proprietors of Vandalia would not hesitate one 
moment in approving the propriety of the measures; I 
therefore purchased the quantity of Wampum and sent it 
by John Campbell as he requested, the cost being £75 is 
charged with the £160, advanced in January last to the pro- 
prietors, and so those informed me that I might reimburse 
myself by a draft on thee, therefore I shall in a few days 
sell a Bill on thee for about £135 sterling for that purpose 
and which I doubt not thou'l answer and that my conduct 
herein will be agreeable to the proprietors with you. 

I have now enclosed thee a list of the delegates for the 
several provinces all of whom are arrived, and in a few 
days a piece will be published pointing out more strongly 
the reasons why the Americans are not represented in par- 
liament, than any piece yet printed has done and which I 
shall endeavour to forward for thy perusal, some of the 
members attending were very warm, others more moderate 
and I should conclude after certain resolves they will pro- 
ceed to what they conceive the -Constitutional rights of 
America, and appoint certain persona to accompany those 
performances to Great Brittain and lay the same before the 
King and Parliament hereby endeavouring to begin t lie 
establishment of that harmonv which we sineerelv wish was 

444 Letters of Thomas Wharion, 1113-1783. 

restored between you k us. I am at a loss to determine 
whether the Congress will advise the entering into a gen- 
eral non importation agreement immediately, or whether 
they will advise the waiting the issue of our application for 
redress, provided a final answer should be given within a 
few months; severe & disagreeable indeed are the circum- 
stances attending those measures and those who wish well to 
both countries lament the bad policy in Agitating this mat- 
ter; however its generally thought that the principles of the 
Quebec law as its so abhorrent to the English constitution 
will tend to raise us friends with you especially if it should 
appear that our requests are not derogatory to your just 

I remain &c. — 

Tnos AVharton. 
To Thomas Valpole 

Philadelphia Sept 23 rd 1774. 
Dear friend, 

It is truly very disagreeable to fiud with what determined 
obstinacy the crown lawyers have delayed their report on 
the papers establishing the Government of Vandalia. AVe 
think it impossible but that their conduct must be influ- 
enced by some secret and weighty opposers or they would 
not thus long have kept us from the completion of so just a 
contract, but it has afforded the proprietors here the high- 
est satisfaction to peruse the just and spirited memorial you 
have presented to His Majesty. The weight of the person- 
ages who presented it, with the strong and pointed facts it 
contains will certainly effect what we wish, or drag into 
view the secret opposer to it, whence you will be enabled 
to determine with precission what steps next to pursue. 

As I am on the subject of Vandalia, 1 cannot omit to 
give thee a detail of a very singular annecdote which 1 yes- 
terday was favored with by Mr Henry one of the delegates 
from Virginia attending the Congress, he is a gentleman of 
the fairest character, an eminent lawyer, and man v{ great 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1113-1183. 445 

abilities ; he called at my house to breakfast with me, and 
we soon entered into conversation respecting the new Col- 
ony, as he was very desirous of knowing the general tenor 
of the Constitution I gave him, to which he said, that on 
those general and catholic principles there could not be the 
least doubt, but that it would settle at a most rapid rate; 
I told him it certainly would had not their Governor (L d 
Dunmore) taken up arms against the Indians, which created 
war between them and us, and consequently drove the 
inhabitants from the new Colony, who were making very 
great improvements. lie replied, L d Dunmore is your 
greatest friend, what he is doing will forever hereafter, 
secure the peace of your colony, by driving the Indians to 
an amazing distance from you; I opposed this by such 
arguments as occurred, and put some leading questions to 
discover if possible the real intentions of Dunmore for pros- 
ecuting this unjust war, and was happy enough to succeed; 
he replied that he was well acquainted with the secret 
springs of this affair, and knew it would ultimately tend in 
the greatest happiness to the proprietors of Vandalia. I then 
begged him to explain himself as we were really ignorant 
thereof; on which he said, that he was at Williamsburg 
with L d D. when Dr Conolly first came there, that Conolly 
is a chatty, sensible man, and informed L d Dunmore of the 
extreme richness of the lands which lay on both sides the 
Ohio; that the prohibitory orders which had been Bent him 
relative to the land on the hither side (or Vandalia) hail 
caused him to turn his thoughts to the opposite shore, and 
that as his Lordship was determined to settle his family 
in America lie was really pursueing this war, in order to 
obtain by purchase or treaty from the natives a tract of ter- 
ritory on that side; he then told me that he was convinced 
from every authority that the law knew, that a purchase 
from the natives was as full and ample a title as could he 
obtained, that they had Lord Camden and Mr York's opin- 
ion on that head, which opinion with sonic others that 1/ 
Dunmore had consulted, had with the knowledge Conolly 

446 Letters of Thomas Wharton, J773-17S3. 

had given him of the quality of the country and his deter- 
mined resolution to settle his family on this continent, were 
the real motives or springs of the present expedition. This 

gentleman then asked me, if I knew where he could huy 
some Indian goods, I told him where, hut said, its not pos- 
sible you mean to enter the Indian trade at this period. 
He laughingly said, the wish-world is my hobby horse, from 
whence I conclude, he has some prospect of making a pur- 
chase of the natives, but where I know not. It seems he 
has a survey on the Ohio, just below the Scioto; he also 
said, that he with other lawyers had been consulted on the 
riglit the crown had to make our grant, or it was within 
the limits of Virginia their grant was, that the crown had 
an undoubted right to grant the territory of Vandalia and 
that we should have no opposition he believed from Vir- 
ginia. I believe it will be best to keep this gentleman's 
name private, lest this free communication should injure 

The just and affectionate sentiments thou art pleased to 
express both with respect to Great Brittain and her colonies 
affords me the most sensible satisfaction, and I am happy to 
find my sentiments on the propriety of an established & 
constitutional union between both countries, supported by 
the great abilities of my worthv friend, and I trust that the 
determinations of this congress will meet the approbation 
of the good and wise among you. — By a rule established a- 
the opening of the Congress, we cannot get copies oi" their 
proceedings, but my intimacy with the leading members o\ 
most of the colonies, gives me an opportunity in eonv. 
tion of knowing their daily results, and as they by a grand 
committee of 24 members, have for 10 days past I 
dijesting and framing the rights of American liberty 
having not yet reported it to the body of the Congres, 1 car. 
only say that so far as they have proceeded gives mo >ati>- 
faction,as they step along on principles founded in the Bru- 
tish rights ; and I do expect, that, before they break up, they 
will form the rights into a system, and present them to the 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 447 

Xing and parliament, supported by gentlemen named by 
them, and perhaps confirmed by each Assembly, these gen- 
tlemen will, I trust arrive with you before Christmas; this 
mode I find was anciently and successfully practised by the 
Roman colonies. — Its strongly insisted on that we should 
immediately proceed to a total stoppage of trade with 
England, Ireland, and the West Indies, but its not possi- 
ble to say what will be the result of the Congress on that 
head, hut I may venture to conclude it will be either the 
precceding mode, or that of a total stoppage, should not 
American grievances be redressed within some limited time 
after the Continental delegates shall have presented their 
remonstrance ; the enclosed papers from the congress relative 
to the merchants delaying their orders for goods, will justify 
the above conjectures. 

I will just mention a word or two respecting Boston, it 
appears to us from every circumstance that the people con- 
duct themselves with great moderation and firmness, and 
the enclosed papers will full satisfy thee, that their Gov- 
ornor is in fear, and indeed well he may, considering he has 
undertaken to distroy their liberties. Its said he will nut 
have above 2500 or 3000 troops with him to oppose amaz- 
ing numbers, I am well informed that within 3 days after 
the alarm raised by Col. Putnam there was 40,000 men in 
arms from Massachusetts and Connecticut colonies only. — 

What shall I say with respect to Gov Franklin r he cer- 
tainly must be lost to every principle which his aged and 
honoured father has been for years supporting, and as it's 
said the substance of his letter to\V m Strahan of May 2V' is 
written to others, it is become very much known in this 
city, and in proportion thereto, his character is treated with 
great freedom, and it must be supposed that, as the minister 
will find both his and Hutchison's information not turn oat 
true, Gov Franklin cannot receive any permanent advantage 
from thus imposing on them, and betraying the place of 
their nativity. 

The vessel staying longer than expected enabled me t.> 

443 Letters of Thomas Wharion, 1773-1783. 

add under the 28 th that vesterdav the Congress went into 
the consideration of the propriety of a nonimportation from 
Great Brittain and Ireland, when it was agreed to stop all 
manner of imports from those kingdoms until our griev- 
ances are redressed, and I should imagine that as its the 
result of delegates from every province on the continent 
(Georgia excepted who has always engaged to observe the 
resolution of the body) that, there is the utmost reason to 
believe it will be strictly adhered to. The newspapers I 
have enclosed will give some general prospect of matter, 
but when and where things will terminate is beyond my 
sight to determine. I most ardently desire that the well 
wishers of both countries may be enabled to unite in such a 
manner, as to restore aiul preserve the peace and happiness 
which once subsisted. 

I remain with greatest esteem & regard 
thy real friend 

Tnos Wharton. 

Philad Sept 23. 177 4. 
Dear Brother, 

Thy several favors about the 23 d July by Capt All I had 
the satisfaction of receiving a few days past, with the Memo- 
rial to the King &c for all which I thank thee and as I am 
much engaged, and almost hourly called upon by some ot 
the delegates, it will hinder me of answering by this oppor- 
tunity the particular parts of thy several letters, and thou 
must take this as only flying hints. I have now wrote our 
friend Thomas Walpole pretty fully which letter I doubt 
not he will freely communicate to thee, the annecd 
respecting L d Dunmore is I think curious and worthy of 
your attention, tho 1 perhaps it may be best to keep the gen- 
tlemans name from whom I got it a secret. 

That letter respeeting G. F. is truly a very extraordi: 
one, and as the substance of it has by other letters been 
brought to this place, that he wrote to W" Strahan is much 
known and talked of. It has reached Qovornor Franklins 

Letters of Thomas 1 \Yharton, 1773-17S3. 449 

ears, who has sent down here to know from whom such 
letters come, and I have seen one he has written to J. G. 
wherein he says, he has only wrote a letter to Mr Strahan, 
and that it was a confidential letter not to be shown to any 
one, and refers to a more particular letter he had wrote to 
his Brother Bache for an explanation of his conduct, but I 
am not quite clear whether its in the letter to Bache or 
J. G. that he says the letter was entirely confidential, and 
that he had forbid Mr Strahan to shew it to any person 
whatever. He no doubt has done his business here, but 
certainly our friend Strahan will be obliged to justify him- 
self against the Gov" declaration that it was a confidential 
letter See. — and may be under the necessity of giving a copy 
thereof to exculpate himself from the publishing this letter ; 
be that as it may it affords a severe sting to the author, and 
I am assured that the Doctor has wrote his son about it, 
and do not know what he may say more than that Mr Stra- 
han had never shewn it to him, tho' he found it was very 
public. — 

We are very uneasy about thy absence, and the cruel 
disappointment thou has again witnessed, and cannot help 
concluding that some forcible cause hinders the Att' General 
from reporting, and that stronger than his own sentiments ; 
the measure you have adopted of presenting a Memorial to 
the King, especially as its headed by such great men, it 
will undoubtedly bring into view your secret enemies or 
complete your contract; its here generally believed that 
Gage is and has been your fixed enemy, but I should think 
it impossible that he could have sufficient weight there 
essentially to injure you. 

The very cruel and unjust attacks made by Rawle and 
Footman gives us great anxiety. I have shewn thy letter 
to several of the Trustees, and they declare it a shame, and 
as soon as this vessel is gone J Reynell & myself will go into 
the country to B. Rawle (where he now lives) ami erid< 
to get him to withdraw the action if not already done as he 
promised me on my first application; I have been with IV 
vol. xxx in. — 29 

450 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-17 S3. 

Footman, who is much concerned at the affair, but said it 
was not in his power to help it; they were greatly indebted 
to J. Samuel whose affairs were in the hands of assignees, 
and they declared thev could get the money of thee and 
compelled him to deliver the accounts. We shall I expect 
in 10 days have a meeting of the Trustees to settle what 
money is in the hands of Abel James, and to make a divi- 
dend thereof, when I shall not fail to lay before them the 
state of those matters, and to do every thing in my power 
for thy safety, but I have never had the least help from any 
of thy connections and therefore at times lays very heavy 
on me, but I am willing to do all I can for thee. 

I have the satisfaction to tell thee that by a letter I re- 
ceived from Thomas Richardson of the 15 th instant I rind 
the Brig 1 Rogers was arrived and that they had got near 
one half the goods stored, but that the packages were so 
numerous, that it was with difficulty he could find sufficient 
stores for them, unless I should receive other orders from 
thee. — 

That part of my letter to T. Walpole relative L d Dunmore 
will satisfy thee that the Indian goods must remain in store 
for some time, as we have as yet no certainty o^ peace. 

About a week since the Indian King Kayasuta was with 
me, and told me he had been as low as the Illinois in order 
to settle and preserve the friendship ol the Indians with us; 
he is now gone to Johnson Hall with belts from the nati 
for order to holding of a grand treaty with the Indians in 
the spring, at or near which time it may be best perha) 
present your gifts, and before which I sincerely pray thy 
business may be effected and thyself arrived. 

It is with abundant pleasure that I received the copy oi 
the note from L d Chatham to thee, as it evinces us o{ the 
great connections thou hast formed. We have as yet no 
account of L d Pitts arrival at Quebec but whenever he 
approaches this city, I shall not fail to wait on him, and 
render him all the services in my power, and I dan Baj 
that every true American will try to BUrpaaa hifl fellow 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 451 

country man in showing to the son of the greatest patriot 
and friend to the liberty of both Brittain and her colonies, 
every possible mark of esteem & regard. 

The Congresg yesterday agreed to an absolute and full 
nonimportation agreement from England, Scotland and Ire^ 
land to take place the tirst of December. In this measure 
the whole continent by their delegates have agreed unani- 
mously to continue until our grievances are redressed. — 
I can only hint at matters a3 I am much pinched for time, 
the principal part of Congress dining with me this day. 
I remain thy affec e Brother 

T. Wharton. 

Philadelphia Decern*. 21, 1774. 

Dear Brother Samuel Wharton, 

I refer thee to my last of the 10 th per Capt Ward to 
London, yesterday the November packet arrived but to our 
mortification not a line was received from thee and had 
it not been for the kind letter from our friend Thomas 
Walpole, we should have feared that something very dis- 
tressful had attended you. 

This day the remains of Deborah Franklin the wife of 
our greatly esteemed friend B. Franklin will be interred. — 
She died on the 19 th having lately been struck with a lit of 
the palsey, which deprived her of the use. of her speech, 
tho' not of her senses. As the family will be distressed at 
this unexpected event, perhaps they may not write by this 
conveyance; it will be but kind and right for thee to con- 
vey this intelligence to our friend. 

It seems to be the expectation of a number of our sen- 
sible fellow citizens, that this port as well as all the rest en 
this continent will be shut up. Indeed last night a report 
prevailed here that orders for that purpose were arrived to 
Gen rl Gage which caused our oilices to be open very late 
last night, as the harbor is full of shipping, but what will be 
the issue time must tell us. As I pretty well know the 
disposition of the colonists, I fear the worst. Thifl days 

452 Letters of Thomas Wharton, 17 73-1 783. 

post brought us an account, that one of the men of war 
from England destined for Boston was drove ashore in a 
snow storm as she was approaching the coast, and its sup- 
posed will be losfr I have the clearest account from Boston 
that the people of property are doing every thing in their 
power to keep things from coming to extremity, and, as 
for the laboring poor, they have not known such plenty 
of money among them for many years, which is occasioned 
by the sums daily spent by the Army & Navy. 
I remain thy aflec e Brother 

Thos. "Wharton. 

Philadelphia, January 18, 1775. 
Dear friend, 

I have the satisfaction of receiving thy favor of the — 
last, accompanying the books for our Hospital all of which 
were received in good order, except that on examining 
them we found you had omitted sending one which the 
invoice mentions, and if I mistake not about 4, value. 

I should by this conveyance have forwarded thee a certifi- 
cate under the seal of our corporation, but thy leaving the 
donation to my judgment, and it rather appearing from the 
face of thy letter, that thou supposed it to be an annual con- 
tribution, I was totally at a loss to conclude what sum 
might be agreeable, I would just mention that by the con- 
stitution of our hospital all persons contributing £10, and 
upwards, are entitled to all the privileges and immunities 
thereof. I assure thee great have been the advantages 
which English seamen & others have received from this 
institution without fee or reward. So sensible of its im- 
portance have been D. Barklay and a number of others oi 
thy fellow citizens that they have contributed jCIOO sterling 
each to this charity. I shall therefore wait thy further direc- 
tions on this head. The enclosed letter from Ed Biddle 
will satisfy thee that I have not been unmiiully o( that part 
of thy interest, Sc I expect it will not be long before I shall 
receive it. 

Letters of Thomas Wharton, 1773-1783. 453 

By some of the English papers I had the particular sal 
faction to find that the public had called upon my friend 
Strahan to afford his assistance in the public cause, and as 
I have no doubt that the exertion of thy extensive abilities 
wilUbe greatly useful to the parent State so I entreat thee 
to turn thy attention to her children, to believe that the 
good people of this continent do not wish a separation 
from you, but their most ardent desires are for the restora- 
tion and continuance of that harmony which a few years 
since subsisted between you and us. A difference in our 
local circumstances there certainly is and if a plan can now 
be proposed by the wisdom of parliament to call forth in 
cases of emergency the strength ot the whole body or 
empire, preserving the freedom of its respective parts it 
will give a vast majority on the Continent the most com- 
prehensive joy. 

Thos. Wharton. 

T. Walpole. 

(To be continued.) 

454 General Muldenbcrg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 


(Continued from page 278.) 

G. 0. Head Quarters June 6 th 1777 

Major Gen 1 for tomorrow Lord Sterling 

Brigadier — Conway 

Field Officers Col E. Stephens & Maj r Taliaferro 
Brig r Major Smith. 

Gen 1 Lincolns division is to furnish the Guards for the 
Quibble Town & Lincolns pass (or mount pleasant) and to 
be excused from furnishing men for the other Guards and 
as it would be inconvenient for the Gen 1 field Officers ot 
the Day for the line to visit these Guards, Gen 1 Lincoln and 
his Officers are excused from doing duty by rotation with 
the other divisions of the Army. Gen 1 Lincoln is to estab- 
lish a grand parade for his division to assemble his Guards 
at, & appoint Field Officers to visit the Guards by day and 

He is to send a daily report of all extraordinary Occur- 
ences in his division to the Major Gen 1 of the day. 

When Quarter Masters or Commissaries are guilty ot a 
neglect or breach of duty if they are attached to the 
Brigades a report to be made to the Brigadier — who is to 
order a Court of inquiry k report the proceedings if the 
charge is supported to the Maj r Gen 1 of the day, if they are 
not so attached the complaint to be lodg'd with the Maj r 
Gen 1 of the division who will order a Court of inquiry and 
receive a report of their Proceedings. The report in both 
Cases to be submitted to the Com r in Chief who will take 
care that all offenders do not go unpunished, Regm 1 Q" 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 455 

Masters not included in these orders who are subject to the 
same rules with the other Pe^rm 1 Officers. The morning 

Gun at day break to be a signal for the Pevelle and the 
Evening Gun at Sun set a signal for the retreat. The 
Officers of the Q r Guards are to March immediately after 
beating in each Peg ts in the order heretofore prescribed. 
M r Hezekiah Stoakes by recommendation of the held 
Officers of the 8 th Virg* Reg 1 is appointed Paymaster thereof. 
A fatigue party of 100 Men with a Proportion of Offi- 
cers to parade tomorrow morning at G o'clock at the Q r 
M. Gen 1 Quarters to take their orders from Maj r Gen 1 

Maj r Gen 1 Green's division to practice by actual firing 
this afternoon at 4 o'clock, in this and all like cases, before 
the men begin to fire their Arms to be critically examined 
by the Officers to see that they are not loaded with Pall, 
also attention to be paid to their having their Catridges so 
disposed as to be in no danger through hurry of their mak- 
ing up of their Catridges charg'd with Ball instead of the 
others. Accidents will be imputed to the carlessness of the 
Officers and they made to account for it. Lieut Myers 
tried by a Court Martial of the 3 rd Instant for behaving in 
a scandalous & infamous Manner unworthy of the Character 
of an Officer & Gent m in Getting drunk and abusing the 
Col & the rest of the Officers of the Peg 1 he belongs to & 
acquitted. The Comm r in Chief is sorry he i^ obliged to 
descent from the sentence but as he cannot conceive from 
the face of the evidence what reason could influence the ac- 
quittal, he is under the disagreable necessity of desiring a 
reconsideration of the matter. 

G. 0. Head Qtahteks June 7 th 1777 

Maj r Gen 1 for tomorrow Stephens 
Brig r for the day tomorrow Maxwell 
F d Officers Qol° Spencer £ Mar Nicholas 
Brigade Major Wetherspoon. 

456 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 

As the Army is now on a permanent A- hofible footing & 
as the Gen 1 has the Credit of it very much at heart, he ex- 
pects that every Officer on whom the importance of this 
Contest and a regard to his own honour or duty are suffi- 
ciently impress'd will lend their aid to support the character 
of it. To this end nothing can be more effectual than a 
close attention to discipline & subordination and particularly 
in an exact obedience to G. O. which is the Life of an 

Officers should consider that a repetition of orders is the 
highest reflection on those who are the Causes of it. An 
orderly Book is a record in the hands of thousands of the 
transactions of the Army and consequently the disgrace ot 
those whose insensibility of the obligations they are under 
and want of a manly emulation of temper oblige the 
Comm r in Chief to publish their misconduct by repeating 
his calls upon them to discharge their duty. The Gen 1 ap- 
peals to the understanding of every Officer and earnestly 
recommends to serious Consideration of these matters. 
Their enowement with the Publick their own honour & 
Salvation of their Country demand it. The Gen 1 wishes it 
on these ace 15 and for their own ease and satisfaction, for as 
nothing is more easy to conduct an Army, where a chear- 
ful & ready Obedience is paid to every order, so nothing is 
more difficult and embarrassing where a careless licentious 
& disorderly Spirit prevails. This much is said to load 
Gent n into a proper train of thinking on the subject A to 
engage their Judgment & feelings on the side of their duty. 
But it is at the same time necessary to subjoin that punish- 
ment & disgrace will attend those who will not be influenced 
by more honble means. 

Cap ta should make it a point that every order respecting 
their Comp y is complied with, Col 0! should do the same in 
their Keg ts , Brig r< in their Brigades, Maj r Gen 11 in their Di- 
visions. No officer should implicitly trust to another, but 
each perform his own Bart, & see that those under him do 
theirs, this being the case every thing would go on smoothly 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 457 

& well, but while the Contrary is practiced, and every Officer 
is glad to throw the irksome drudgery of obedience upon 
his inferior, nothing but disorder and ruin can ensue. Xo 
Officer to be absent from Camp without a Furlough from 
his Brig r nor in that case for more than ten days at a time. 
The Adj* Gen 1 will furnish each Brig r applying with printed 
furloughs for the purpose which alone are to be used. De- 
serters are to be immediately sent to the Maj r Gen 1 of the 
Day, the person conducting them not to permit them to 
stop any where, to answer any Questions shall be made 

The Comm r in Chief approves the following sentences 
of a Court Martial held the 4 th Itts* and Orders their im- 
mediate execution, the Prisoners mentioned in the above 
as well as in former orders who are Yet in the guard house 
to be taken out by their Respective Reg 18 and receive their 
punishment on the Brigade Parade. 

An orderly Serg' from each Brigade to attend at the 
Gen ls Quarters they are to bring their provision with them. 

D. 0. The Brig Major to make a weekly return to the 
Gen 1 the same time they do to the Adj* Gen 1 . M r . Brown 
being assigned Commissary to this Division the different 
Reg* will draw their Provision from him accordingly. A 
corporal and 6 Privates to be furnished from the two 
Brigades daily for the Commissary's Guard, one day by 
Gen 1 Muhlenburghs next by Gen 1 Weedons. 

After Orders. 

Three men from each of the following Brigades Viz 
Maxwells, Muhlenburghs, Weedons, Woodfords, Scotts 
& Conways, to parade tomorrow at Guard Mounting at 
the Q. M. G. s as a guard for the CommW Cattle, the 
party to be commanded by a Subaltern Officer and re- 
lieved daily till further orders, the Officers to be fur- 
nished in rotation from the different Brigades begtniug 
with Maxwells. 

4:58 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1111. 

Head Quarters June 8 th 1777. 

Maj r General for tomorrow . . . Green 
Brig c Muhlenburgh 

Field Officers Col Ogden L* Col Seajera 
Brig* Major Piers 

Guards and Fatigue as Yesterday. 

By intelligence from different Quarters there La much 
reason to believe the enemy are on the eve of some im- 
portant Opperation. This makes it absolutely necessary 
that the whole Army should hold themselves in readiness to 
move at a moments warning and for that purpose they are 
to be always furnished with three days Provision ready 
cook'd. Officers to take care the men cary their own 
packs and to suffer none but invalids to put their arms or 
packs into the "Waggon, the Q. M. G. to settle with the 
Brigadiers the proper allowance of Waggons for their re- 
spective Brigades and to furnish them or make up any De- 
ficiency immediately. All arms delivered out of the Public 
Store or purchased by Officers for the use of the Continent, 
to be branded without loss of time agreable to former orders, 
for the future none. but printed Furloughs to be given to 
Soldiers, any Soldier absent from his Corps, with only a 
written furlough, will be taken up, his furlough deenrd a 
forgery this to be advertised in the Public papers of each 
State. A return to be made tomorrow of the Captains in 
each Brigade specifying where they are. 

G-. 0. Camp at Middle Brooke June 9* 1777 

Parole Newcastle Countersign 

Maj r Gen 1 for tomorrow . . . Sterling 

Brigadier Weedon 

Field Officers Col Lewis ft L' Col' Debar* 
Brigade Major Pay 

The Comni' in Chief approve- the following Sentences 
At a Gen 1 Court Martial held the 6* Ins' and or.lers 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 459 

them to be put in Execution Immediately, taken out of the 
Guard House & punished on the Brig" Parade to which 
they belong Viz* Will" 1 Nicholson of the 15 th Virg* Reg 1 
charg'd with desertion to receive 25 Lashes. Abraham 
Still of the 15 th Virg* lies: 1 charg'd with desertion to receive 
25 Lashes. John King of the 1 st Jersey Reg 1 charged with 
desertion to receive 50 Lashes, Tho 8 Banks of the 15 h Virg* 
Reg* charg'd with desertion to receive 20 Lashes. Anthony 
Payne of the 15 th Virg a Reg* charg'd with desertion to re- 
ceive 20 Lashes. John Lowrv of the 9 th Yirs;* Recr* charg'd 
with Damning the General and his orders to receive 50 
Lashes. James Daughty of the 3 rd £Te\v Jersey Tle^ charg'd 
with desertion to receive 100 Lashes. Dan 1 Hay ley of the 
3 rd E"ew Jersey Reg* charg'd with deserting from his Tieg 
and Inlistin^ into the 10 th Pensilv* Reii* to receive 25 

Sam 1 Allison of the 3 rd Virg a Reg* charg'd with deserting 
from his Re^ & Enlisting into the 10 th Pensilv a Regt' to re- 
ceive 20 Lashes. John Bybricker of the German Battalion 
charg'd with desertion & inlisting in another Reg* the sen- 
tence postponed for further evidence. 

The duty of the Maj r Gen 1 to begin at the mounting ot 
the Guards and to end at the same time next day. The 
Coram g Officer of each Corps, to keep an Ammunition Ace' 
with their Men & make them pay for all that is wantingly 
wasted. Cap* 5 of Companies to keep a List of their Mens 
Clothes and have them carefully exam d every Saturday. A 
Soldier shall not presume to sell any part of his Clothes 
upon any pretence whatever. The Prisoners under -entence 
of death to prepare for Execution tomorrow at 12 oV: 
The whole army except Gen 1 Lincolns Division is to ho ib- 
eembled for this purpose near the Artillery Park. The 
Criminals is to be attended with such Chaplains as they 

As there is plenty of French and common Sallid, Lambs 
Quarter & Water Creeses growing about Camp, ami as 
these Vegetables are very conducive to health, and to pro- 

460 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

vent the scurvy and all putrid disorders, the Gen 1 rec- 
ommends to the Soldiers, the constant use of them, as 
they make an agreeable Sallid k have the most Selectary 

The Eegm 1 Officer of the day to send to gather them 
every morning & have them distributed among the Men. 
A Detaehm 1 of 3 Cap*, 6 Sub. 6 Serg ts k 150 men to 
parade this afternoon at 5 o'clock at the Artillery park 
with three days Provision, to be commanded by Maj r 
Wiltner who will receive his orders from Brigadier Gen 1 

Camp at Middle Brooke, June 9 th 
After Orders. 

One field Officer 4 Cap* & Subalterns & 200 Privates 
from Gen 1 Stevens division to parade immediately with 
their arms &c a and march to Steels Gap to Execute a Piece 
of work, the Comnp Officer will send to the Q. M. G. for 
200 Axes. One Cap* 2 Sub. & 50 Privates from each Gen 1 
Mughienburghs & AVeedons Brigade to parade for the same 
purpose and march with axes to the same place. 

G. O. Head Quarters Middle Brook June 10 th 1777 
Parole Oakhampton Countersign 

Maj r Gen 1 for tomorrow .... Stephen 

Brigadier Woodson 

Field Officers CoPPayton, & Maj r Richardson 
Brigade Maj r Johnson 

Such Reg* as have not already drawn Tomhawks, are 
Immediately to provide themselves with at least one or 
two to a Mess. The Q. M. G. is to charge those to the 
Reg 1 and each mess to be charg'd with what is delivered 
to it that they may return them when call'd for, or pay for 
them at least. The Q r M. G. is to famish each Brig' wit!: 
an assortment of entrenching tools which arc alwayi 
accompany the Brig c under the care of the l»rig c Q. M. and 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 461 

to be delivered to the order of the Brigade as occasion may 
require. The tools already delivered to the Reg* s are to be 
accounted for, the Comm s Officer of every Corps is to keep 
an exact acco r of all the arms ree'd and delivered for the 
use of it as there will be a careful enquiry into the matter 
and a satisfactory acco* expected from them. The move- 
ments of this Army either for offensive or defensive meas- 
ures will be sudden whenever they happen consequently no 
time can be allowed to draw or Cook provision it may not 
be amiss therefore to remind the Officers of the necessity 
of having the men provided agreable to the order of 8 th 
Ins*, and the Commissary is desired if possible to furnish 
Biscuits and salt provision for this purpose which the men 
may keep by them, and continue to draw their usual allow- 
ance, it has been so pressingly recommended to the Officers 
to have no unnecessary baggage with them, Though it is 
hoped the Army is entirely unencumbered with it, but if 
the case should be otherways the Gen 1 desires that the 
Brigadiers will have it immediately moved, the Adj 1 Gen 1 
will direct to what place after this notice. Officers are not 
to be supprised if heavy Boxes, great Bedsteads &c are left 
in the field, a very small Escort from the whole line will be 
necessary to guard the Baggage sent of persuant to this 
order to be composed of the most indifferent, but under 
the care of a careful Officer. The Gen 1 is informed that 
Complain 9 are made by the inhabitants nearest to the Ene- 
mies lines of Soldiers taking away their horses and other 
property, and that in many instances they are countenanced 
by the Officers under the idea of the Inhabitants being 
Tories. The Gen 1 expressly orders a stop to be put to 
these proceedings, or those who are convicted of them will 
be brought to Exemplary punishment. 

Such Inhabitants as are proper objects of Punishment 
will be dealt with in a Legal way, But no Officer or Soldier 
is to judge for himself and appropriate their property to 
their own use, or to seize it without proper orders. 
Comm r in Chief approves the following sentence- oi ;i 

462 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 

Court Martial held the 7 lh Ins 1 of which Col - Tho J Marshall 
of the 3 rd Virg* Reg 1 was Presid\ Lieu 1 Keely of the 8* 
Virg* Reg 1 charg'd with disobedience of orders, and absent- 
ing himself 3 months beyond the time allowed him to join 
his Reg 1 found not Guilty of being absent from his Reg' 3 
months beyond the time allowed him but Guilty of disobe- 
dience of orders, sentenced to be discharg'd the service, 
Lieut. Tullv Robertson of the 4 Vire 8 Reg 1 charged with 
absenting himself from his Reg 1 without leave to be dis- 
charged from the service and to forfeit his pay from the last 
till he joiivd his Reg 1 again, Lieut Ford of the 4 th Virg* 
Reg* charg'd with disobedience of orders, in the instance 
of firing a Gun without permission in Camp, sentenced to 
Receive a Repremand from the Comrn' of the Reg 1 in the 
presence of the Officers of the same. John Smith of the 
7 th Pensilv a Reg 1 formerly the 6 th charg'd with inlisting into 
the 9 th Pensilv a Reg 1 without a discharge from the 7 th sen- 
tenced to receive 20 Lashes on his bare back and the 
bounty of 20 Dollars which he received of the 9 th Pensilv* 
to be stopp'd out of his pay. Peter Burney of the 3 rl 
Jersey charg'd with Desertion, sentenced to be disci targM, 
Will m Shaddock of the 9 th Pensilv* tryed by the same Court 
Martial 2 nd June for Desertion omitted in former order sen- 
tenced to receive 20 Lashes on his Bare Back the picquet 
Guard to assemble in the rear of the Artillery Park at 
Guard Mounting, this place to be Considered as the Grand 
Parade till further orders. The Comm r in Chief orders 
that the Baggage and Camp Equipage of the whole 
Army except the Tents which are not to be struck until 
further orders be loaded this Evening and every thing in 
Readiness to move at a moments warning, the troops to 
be supplied with Provision agreable to the order of the 
8 th Ins 1 . The Q r M. G. Commissary Gen' & Commissary 
of Stores to see that every thing in their Respective de- 
partments be in moving order, all Horses to be fixed to 
their Waggons. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 403 

Head Quarters June 11 th 1777. 
Parole Peterborough C. S. Plimouth Pumption 

Maj* Gen 1 for the day tomorrow . . Grant 

Brig r Scott 

Field Officers Col Martin & L 1 Col Nelson 
Brig 6 Major Farling 

The Commissary Gen 1 to deliver no Rum for Guard or 
fatigue Service but in the following manner a Gill per man 
for all out Guards and Picquets the order for it to come 
from the Brig 1 " of the Day, the same allowance for all fatigue 
Parties either from the Line, division & Brigade, the order 
of it to come in the first Instance from the Maj r Gen 1 of the 
Day, in the second from the Maj* Gen 1 of the Division in 
the third from the Brigadier of the Brigade. All Detach- 
ments and Scouting Parties to have a Gill per man for 
every Night they are out, the Maj* Gen 1 of the Day to give 
the order for it. A Gill a day to all fatigue Parties iu the 
Commissary or Q r M G 3 Department, no other Guard or 
fatigue to have any allowance of Rum, the Rum for Guards 
not to be issued till the duty is over, all Stroling or sus- 
pected Persons taken up to be brought before the Maj 1 Gen 1 
of the Day. All Guards or detachments going towards the 
Enemv or coming from them to march in the same order 
as if they expected an Attack for the purpose the Officers 
to be at their proper posts and the men to march with 
Regularly advanced & Rear Guards to be sent out in pro- 
portion to the strength of the party and at a greater or 
Distance according to the Nature of the Ground as in ad- 
vancing towards an Enemy or coming from them there is 
always danger of surprise & attack. Precaution should be 
always taken to be prepared for them, and were not the 
case good habits Will be introduced by acting in this 
manner when there is little or no occasion which will be of 
service when there is, and both Officers and Men will be 
taught their Duty. All Stroling Sutlers immediately to quit 
the Camp or their Liquors &C 1 will be taken from them and 

464 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

distributed among the Soldiers, without any compensation. 
Each Brig r to notify them about his encampment with this 

Gen 1 Lincoln has Liberty to clear the loaded pieces of 
his Division by Discharging them this evening at Retreat. 
All Regem 1 Paymasters are to attend the Paymaster Gen 1 on 
Friday at 10 o'clock at his Quarters Col De la Levere is ap- 
pointed to the Comm d of the Corps under the Coinin* of 
Maj r Ollendorf. The Comm* Officer of each Corps is to re- 
port every deserter from it immediately to his Brig r who is 
to pursue the Most Vigorous measures for Apprehending 
them and is to give an Acco* of the matter to the Maj' Gen 1 
of the day who is to draw the whole in his report of occur- 
ences to the Comm* in Chief, strict attention will be paid to 
this order. The order some time ago issued at Morris 
Town forbidding waggoners to Gallop and strain their 
Horses is little attended to. The Q. M. G. will therefore 
inform those people of the consequence of disobedience. 

The Brigade Maj re Are to meet the Adj 1 Gen 1 at 6 o'clock 
this afternoon at his Tent, the Guard for the Commissary*! 
Cattle is to be furnished in rotation by the different Bri- 
gades and to be relieved every 3 days, Gen 1 Muhlenburghs 
Brig e will furnish it to-day the men to carry 3 days Provision 

B. 0. June 11* 1777. 

The Q r Masters of the different Rcg ts belonging to the 
Brigade are to make returns immediately to Gen 1 Muhlen- 
burgh of the Entrenching tools each Reg : have been fur- 
nished with by the Q. M. G. 

The Commanding Officers of the different Reg" are to 
see that their men are provided with the Number o( Tom- 
hawks mentioned in Gen 1 orders of Yesterday if there is ■ 
difliciency they must immediately draw on the Q. M. G. for 
the number wanting. 

The Officers Commanding Company*' are to send out 
two or three men every morning to gather greens within 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1111. 405 

the Limits of the Camp which are to he equally Distributed 
among the Company the Commanders of the Keg" arc to 
see this order is strictly complied with. 

If there be any Strolling Sutlers with the Brigade the 
Adjutants are to give them notice to depart immediately on 
pain of having their Liquors taken from them. 

The following Gent a Yiz : Elisha "White, Sam Hogg, 
Marks Vanduval, Ballard Smith, & Sam 1 Seldon, are ap- 
pointed to act as second Lieu* also David Allen £ Will- 
Cocke Ensigns in the 1 st Virg* Reg 1 till the pleasure of his 
Excellency is known. 


Peter Muhlexburgh B. G. 

Head Quarters Middle Brooke June 12* 1777 
Parole Countersign 

Maj r Gen 1 of the Day tomorrow . . Sterling 

Brigadier Conway 

Field Officers Col Bowman Lt. Col Parker 
Brig e Major \Vetherspoon 

The Gen 1 thinks it necessary to establish the following 
regulations for Guards and hopes that Officers will consider 
them as the Rule of Practice and make themselves well 
acquainted with them, when any Guard arrives at the Post 
assigned it the Officers first care must he to plant his Sen- 
tries properly according to Circumstances, the Guard should 
remain under arms while this is doing, and if it he at an out 
post or anywhere near the Enemies Camps Temporary Son- 
tries should he placed, at a small distance to prevent Burpriie, 
while the Commis 9 Officer Reconnoiters the situation of the 
Post to know where his Sentries should he plae'd for a con- 
tinuance this is to he done in case the Ground has not he- 
fore heen Examined and Particular directions given about 
the matter, or in case lie does not relieve some other Guard, 
but if he relieves another he is to receive all the orders 
given to the Officer of the guard in writing, which together 
vol. xxxnr. — 30 

466 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 

with those he may have rec'd from the Brig f k FieM Offi- 
cers of the day, he is punctually to observe if any difference 
between them arise he is to obey the latter in preference, 
he is immediately to send a party under a trusty Officer 
conducted by an Officer of the old Guard to relieve the 
Sentries thereof who are to return to the Guard they belong 
to, if the guard be of such a Nature as that other matters 
than the security of the Post are intrusted to it, they must 
be Continued in a written Eeport, and the Officer of the 
new accompanied by an Officer of the old must be sent to 
them in charge, comparing the things themselves with the 
report, and seeing that all is right the sentries of the old 
Guard having join'd it, the Officer to march it back to the 
Parade, from whence it came with the greatest order and 
Decorum and thence send of the Detachments composing 
it under an Officer to each to join their Corps preserving 
Eegularity on the way, after placing his Sentries the Officer 
of the new Guard is to make the men lodge their arms first 
giving them the orders necessary to govern their conduct, 
care must be taken to lodge their arms in such a manner, 
that each man may have a recourse to his own in a moment 
without Bustle or Confusion in most cases it is best the 
arms w T ere grounded on the grand Parade during the day 
no man is to put of his accountriments on any pretence, 
this done the Comm g Officer attended by n couple of men 
is to visit all his Sentries to see that they are posted right 
and instruct them in the line of their duty, his next care 
is to take such precaution for the security of his Post, In- 
forming Abbitus, digging Diches, raising parapitfl as Cir- 
cumstances require to guard again surprise, or repel any 
sudden attempt he sinful d make himself acquainted not 
only with all the Great Roads leading to the enemy or to 
the Army he belongs to, but he should seaivh out every 
bye path and Avenue by which he may the more MCUrly 
send his parties to Reconnoiture the Enemy or make his 
retreat good in any Emergency. 

lie should have scouting Parties all dav ami Tatroles all 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 467 

Night going toward the enemy in his rear and upon Li- 
flanks to gain Intelligence of their Motions and timely 
notice of any attempt they may be making if this notice 
can be given without firing it will be best if not it must be 
done by iiring the Scouts & Patroles retreating by way 
of the Sentries to alarm them. Visiting rounds should 
be going all night to see that the Sentries are at their 
Post alert & acquainted with every particular of their Duty. 
The break of day being the most favorable time for an 
attack or surprises, a Good Officer will be careful to turn 
out his Guards under Arms till an hour after sun rise and 
to have his visiting rounds and Patroles ^oimr then more 
than ordinary from watching through the Camp, men 
towards morning grow drowsy, numb and Listless and are 
the more liable to a surprise, an Officers reputation calls on 
him to Guard against this evil, a guard is bound to main- 
tain their Post as long as possible, but if likely to be over- 
power'd with numbers it is at least to make Skirmishing 
retreat firing all the way it goes to give the alarm and 
taking advantage of every defile, Morass wood or advan- 
tageous post it can find to delay the enemy, if the enemy 
do not pursue but retreat after having dislodg'd the Guard 
it is to resume its post, first taking measures to be sure all 
is safe, if two Guards are so placed as to have the same 
object in view and depend upon each other they must he 
attentive to everything that befalls one another, and act in 
concert if either is attack'd the other must not only put 
itself in a posture of defence but must keep Patroles con- 
tinually going to bring intelligence of what is doing if the 
one attack'd retreats the other must retreat also, it" it re- 
turns the other must return also, these things depend on 
circumstances and the order of the Brigad' and Field Officers 
of the day, any Parties of whatsoever kind, coming towards 
an out Guard, are to be stopp'd by the out Sentry's and no- 
tice given to the Guards which is in most eases to be turnVi 
out and the Officer in most eases to send a proper person to 
examine such party and give his orders accordingly. 

4GS General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool', 1777. 

All flaggs to be stopp'd at the out Sentries, tlie Officer ot 
the Guard to meet them there and know their business, if 
they are charg'd with Letters or any other matters that can 
be communicated to him he is to receive and transmit them 
to the Maj r Gen 1 of the day, othcrways the flag must wait 
till information can be sent to the said Maj r Gen 1 of the day 
and his orders received. Xo Officer or Soldier to sleep a 
single moment on Guard, no cooking to go on while on 
Guard, the men must either carry their Provisions ready 
dress'd, or have them sent to them, the former preferable, 
no man presume to be out of call without permission from 
the Officer who is not to suffer more than two to be absent 
at a time, nor them at the out posts, in Case of desertion 
from the out posts the Officer from whose party it happens, 
immediately to change the Countersign advertising the 
other out Guards of it who are to conform thereto, he is 
also to send in instantly aud acquaint the Brig r of the day 
of it; all Guards to turn out to the Brig r & Field Officers of 
the day, and except the out Guards to all. Gen 1 Officers, 
paying them the Honour due to them according to their 
rank and the usuage of war, the out Guards to turn out to 
the Brig r and Field Officers only. The honour of the 
drum never to be paid by them, all Guards to turn out to 
receive the Grand rounds, the Officer of each to prepare an 
evening report for the Officers of the rounds, all Guards at 
a time when releivcd to make a report of every occurence 
that may have happened to one of his Field Officers o\" the 
day, who is to attend at or near the Guard Parade to receive 
it when the Guard returns, arms after this whet weather to 
be carefully inspected and put in the best order possible for 
use. ; .. 

After Orders. 

The Brigade Commissarys are to receive their orders 
from the Commissary Gen 1 this afternoon respecting the 
mode of supplying their respective Brigade in case o( a 
sudden move, the Assis 1 Q r Masters are to do the same with 
Col Biddle that no Complaint or Confusion ma) I 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Bool', 1777. 4C9 

march. Instead of delivering spare Ammunition to each 
Brigade, Gen 1 Knox will furnish the divisions with it in 
order to lessen the number of Carriages and Conveying it 
more securely, if the Q r Master Gen 1 could furnish each 
Brigade with a proper number of Scythes for foraging the 
Horses, might be better Provided for. 

G. 0. Head Quarters Middle Brook 

13 ,h June 1777. 

Parole Countersign 

Maj r Gen 1 for tomorrow Stephen 

Brigadier Maxwell 

Field Officers Co? Barron Shends & Maj' Morrell 

Brig* Major Swaine. 

At a Gen 1 Court Martial held the 9 th Ins 1 whereof Col 5 
Marshal was president, Cap* Jesse Eowe was tried for in- 
sulting and ill treating M r Caleusrh Conductor of Waggons 
upon the March from Morris Town acquitted and Justified 
by the Court, the Gen 1 approves the sentence of the same 
and orders Cap* Howe to be releived from arrest with 
Honour, he also approves the sentence of the same Court 
Martial held the 12 th Ins 1 before which Alex r Brandon of 
the 1 st Pensilv* was tryed for horse stealing and Acquitted, 
the Prisoner to be immediately released from Confinement 
different modes of Promotion having prevailed in the Army 
productive of confusion and discontent the Comni 1 in Chief 
thinks it necessary to establish the following Gen 1 rule to 
prevent all further disputes and inconveniences on this 
head, all Comm d Officers to rise Begi mentally and accord- 
ing to seniority till they arrive to the rank oi Cap 1 and from 
that in the line of the state they belong to by Seniority also 
till they attain the Bank of Col this rule however to admit 
of exceptions where particular Officers Signalize themselves 
by a Conduct of Extraordinary Spirit, or where others 
prove themselves unworthy of Preferment, by the want or 
neglect of Cultivating any Quallifieation Requisite to Con- 

470 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 

stitute the Good Officer. Ten men for the Purpose from 
each Brigade to Parade this Evening at 6 o'clock to Parade 
at Col Biddies Quarters to form a Company of Pioneers he 
is to provide them with a sufficient number of Officers and 
with every thing necessary to Qualify them for doing their 
duty immediately in case of a march of the Army, they are 
to encamp near his Quarters the following men belonging 
to Cap 1 Hallerts independent Comp v hav s been sent to Camp 
some time ago, and anexed to same Corps. The Officer 
Comm g the Corp in which these or any of them are now 
doing duty is required to send a return of them to the 
Adj* Gen 1 tomorrow morning. 

Tho s Buckers, Sam 1 Brown, Joseph Pirtle, Isaac Green, 
Ch r Ourr, Saban Cander, Wm. Caldwell, Joseph Codington 
& Win. Thomas. 

His Excellency the Comm* in Chief directs that all Was:- 
gons with Officers baggage Commissary or Q r M. G. stores, 
be immediately ordered to the Waggon Park between head 
Quarters & the D y Q. M. G. where they will be form'd in 
their order by taking up their line of March and receive 
their Instructions from Col Mifflin. The Tent Poles and 
Camp Kettles to be loaded Separately from the Baggage for 
which each Beg* is to receive waggons in Proportion to their 
Strength allowing a four horse Waggon to not less than one 
hundred and Twenty or more than one Hundred and Fifty 

The Waggons with intrenching tools and axes alloted to 
each Division to remain with them. 

Camp at Middlebrook 14 th June 1777 

I am Commanded by his Excellency the General to trans- 
mit the above order to you that it may be immediately 
Issued to Your Brigade 

Your &c 

Clem 1 Briddli 
D Y Q. M. G. 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Boole, 1777. 471 

Order of March. 
The whole Army to be under Anns at — o'clock. The 
tents to be immediately struck and the Waggons loaded, 
the Reg ts to be told off in Sub & Grand Divisions and to 
march at half distance and Officers placed at their proper 
places. The Brig rs at the head of their Brigades, the Maj a 
Gen 1 at the head of their Divisions, the whole of the Army 
to be in readiness to March Exactly at the time appointed 
in this Position to wait the orders of the Maj r Gen 1 of the day 
that the whole may march together. The Vanguards to 
Consist of fifteen Light Dragoons and one Brigade of foot 

CD CD «_/ 

under the Comm d of Brief Gen 1 Muhlenburffh to advance 
abo* 2J Miles in the front of the Army to march abo* an 
hour before the troops are ordered to be in readiness. 
Reconnoitering parties to be sent some distance in front 
and upon the flanks to Examine all the Roads and sus- 
pected places where ambushes may be concealed. The 
Pioneers to march between the Light parties, in the front 
of the Vanguard & to make such repairs in the Bridges and 
Roads as are necessary to afford a safe and easy passage to 
the Army, the Vanguard to take their Artillery with them 
and advance from the right by Subdivisions Gen 1 Weedons 
Brig c First, Then Woodfords, Scotts, Haines, Dehursts, 
Conways & Maxwells. The Artillery annexed to the Bri- 
gades to march in the order that is now posted in the Line, 
Maxwells Brigade to form the Rear Guard a Quarter of the 
strength of which to march in the rear of the remainder 
abo* half a mile to pick up all Strolcrs. A Detachment 
of about 30 Dragoons to form a part of the roar guard. 
Col Morgans Light Infantry to cover the left Hank o( the 
Army Exclusive of which each Brigade to furnish a party 
of 50 men properly ofrlcer'd to keep on the enemies Banks 
& to be under the Coram 1 of the Officer of the Day, the 
park of Artillery to march in the center o{ the reserve or 
second Line. No Soldier during the march to leave his 
ranks to fetch water, But if necessity should oblige any to 
quit the Ranks they are obliged to leave their Anns with 

472 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

the Battalion, A non Comm/ 1 Officer to go with them to 
see they return to their Proper place. Great attention 
must he paid in passing Difficult Defiles, that the men 
pass them briskly if necessary by files, and then form by 
Subdivisions as soon as the road will admit, the head of 
the Column to move slow after passing the defile until the 
rear has pass'd it also, if it should be necessary to halt the 
troops to refresh the men, the Maj* Gen 1 leading the Column 
to fix upon a proper piece of ground, when the Battalions 
are drew up in the row of one another in the order they 
march, the arms and packs to be grounded and the rolls 
call'd, the signal for marching to be a ruff beat by the 
drummer of the 1 st Battalion at the head of the Column 
from front to rear the packs to be taken up, and the arms 
shoulderd and the Rolls call'd the Battalion to march off in 
the order before mentioned the Officers always to march 
with the divisions allowing the men to shift their arms from 
Shoulder to Shoulder to ease them, but keep the muzzels 
up to prevent accidents, the Major Gen 1 of the day will fix 
upon the ground to encamp in, the Q. M. G. with Regi- 
mental Q. Masters to mark out the Ground for each Brigade 
& Battalion, the Army to encamp in two lines. Gen 1 
Greens division on the Riodit, Lt. Sterlings on the left of 
the front Line. Gen 1 Stephens on the Right k Gen 1 Lin- 
colns on the left of the 2 nd Line, the Scouts to Reconnoitre 
3 miles round the Camp. The Brig r of the day to fix the 
places and post the out Guards, which are to be given by 
Brigades, instead of the Line, the park of Artillery to form 
in the center between the 1 st & 2 ad Line each Reg 1 to be 
furnish'd with waggons according to their strength to carry 
their Tents, poles & camp Kettles, 1 Waggon and 4 Horses 
to be allowed for this purpose to not less than 120 or more 
than 150 men, all the other Regimental Waggons to go 
with the Column of Equipage the Regim 1 women to go 
with these waggons, the Waggons loaded with Tents to 
march in the rear of each Brigade to which they belong. 
Upon the approach of the Enemy on the march the B.ig- 

General Muhlenberg's Orderly Booh, 1777. 473 

gage Waggons into the rear abo 1 300 or 400 Yards their 
wait for further orders, all the waggons of the Army except 
these employed in carrying the tents to Parade near the 
Q. M. G s Quarters to be form'd into a Park in the follow 
manner, the Comm" in Chief form the front of the Column, 
the Adj 1 Gen 1 pay master Gen 1 & Mast' M. G l next in order, 
the Baggage of the divisions in the order the Line inarches, 
the.Maj* Gen 1 in the front, the Brig r in front of the bagsracj-e 
of each of their Brigade the Regimen 1 Waggons to have a 
Comm' 1 of a Serf & 6 Privates these to be the least tit for 
duty in the Reg* Each Brigade to appoint a Subaltern to 
comm d all the Reg 1 Guards, each Division to appoint a 
Cap 1 to escort the baggage of their division including the 
Maj" 3 and Brig r Gen 1 Baggage the Maj™ Gen 1 of the day to 
appoint a Commis r Officer to Comm 1 the whole Guard for 
the Escort to the whole Column of Baggage. The Q. M. G. 
the Commiss 7 Gen 1 of Military Stores & Commiss 7 Gen 1 
each to be furnished with a Subaltern Serj 1 & 20 Privates as 
a Guard from the line. The Hospital Department to be 
furnished with a Serj 1 and 15 Privates as a Guard from the 
Line, the Waggons of the Q. Mas r# Department to march 
next the Ba£<xao:e, the Military Stores next, then the Pro- 
visions and the flying Hospital in the rear, if it marches 
in the same Column with the baggage this Column to be 
under the direction of Col Mifflin to halt at such places as 
the Q. M. G. directs, No waggoner on any pretence to go 
out of the line or Rank to which he belongs or assign'd 
him nor stop his Waggon to water his Horses unless the 
Comm g Officer of the Column gives orders for an halt, if 
any Waggon happens to break down on the march it most 
be moved out of the Line immediately. The Q. M. <i. 
should have spare waggons to take the load of such broken 
waggons. Wherever the Waggons and Baggage i>t' Stores 
halt they are to be drawn up in several lines in the rear of 
each other, in the order they march. Xo Waggoner to 
leave his Waggons or untackle his Horses to be in readi- 
ness to receive the order of the Comm 1 Officer of the 

474 General Muhlenberg's Orderly Book, 1777. 

Column, the Waggon Master must attend to the orders of 
the several divisions & pay due attention to the orders given 
by their Superiors, when the baggage Waggons of the 
army arrive at the Ground which the Q r M. G. has pre- 
viously directed they are to be drawn up in the following 
Order. 1 st His Excell y the Coram' in Chief on the right of 
the whole, Then Gen 1 Greens Division, L l Sterlings, Gen 1 
Lincolns, Gen 1 Stephens. The Q r Master Gen 1 , the Com- 
missary of Military Stores. The Commissary Gen 1 & Hos- 
pital, taking care to leave proper intervals between each 
division where the Ground will admit of it, so that they 
may move off to the right or left without confusion. 
Should the Enemy March to the right instead of the left, 
this order of march to be Reversed. 

(To be continued.) 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 


MAY 21. 


DECEMBER 5th. 17; 

[Compiled from the original Record Book, in the Manuscript Depart- 
ment of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.] 

List of Immigrant Vessels. 


VesseV s Name. 






Brig Connoly 





Snow Brittania 





Brig Matty 





Ship Phenix 





Brig. Dolphin 





! 4 

Ship Sally 





Ship Rosanna 





Ship Carolina 





Ship Minerva 





Brig. Charlotte 





Brig Peggy 






Ship Jenny 

M C I lvalue 




Snow Charlotte 

Cap. Curtis 

Water ford 



Brig. Agnes 

Cap. Living 






New Caatle 



Ship Bettsey 

Cap. M c Cutcheon 




Snow Perm 

Cap. M c Caddon 





Ship Newry Assistance 


New ry 



Ship Jupiter 

Cap 1 Ewing 




Ship Alex r 










Brig Sam 





Ship Sally 





Ship Caesar 






Snow Sarah 





Snow Sally 

Stephen James 




Ship Rea Galley 

Robert Hunter 

lele Lewis 



Brig Loniser 





Ship R d Penn 

T. All 




Record of Servants and Apprentices. 


VesteTi Name. 




Sep. 17 

Ship Rose 

Robert George 




Ship Pennsy 1 Packet Cap 1 Osborne 




Ship Catherine 

s James Sutton 




Snow Peggy 

William Hastie 




Ship Brittania 

James Peter 



Ship Union 




Oct. 4 




December 5th 1772. 

t < 


Robert George son of Joseph, apprentice to James Dickinson 

of Philadelphia. 
Jbhan Casper Breadbaur last from Rotterdam, servant, to 

Jacob Barge, and by him assigned to Michael Swope of 

Sophia Jlehlman [April 18 th 1772] assigned to John Snyder. 
John Dickey son of Mary Ilerford, apprentice to James 

Cooper of Philadelphia. 
Catherine Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Amos 

"Wickersham of Philadelphia. 
Johan Adam Fink last from Rotterdam, servant to Philip 

Flick of Philadelphia. 
Johannes Romp last from Rotterdam, servant to Luke Mor- 
ris of Southwark. 
Elizabeth; Prugel last from Rotterdam, servant to Christo- 
pher Sower jun r of German town. 
Henry Scowp\ servant assign'd by John Jones to AquiUa 

Jones of New Town Township. 
George W m Baker last from Rotterdam, servant to Benjamin 

Shoemaker of Philad 1 
Johannes Benner last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry 

Fancy of Providence Township, Philad 1 County. 
Maria Saltes last from Rotterdam, servant to John Tesl oi 

Woolwich Township. 
John Kerlack Cooper last from Rotterdam, servant to Peter 

Pnrkus of German Town. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 477 

Jacob Henry Hemp last from Rotterdam, servant to Charlefl 

Priors of Philad 1 
Barbara Etler last from Rotterdam, servant to Joseph 

Luken of Whitemarsh Township. 
Johan Philip Kaltwasser last from Rotterdam servant to 

Patrick Gordon of Xew Providence Township, 
Carolina Be Pool last from Rotterdam, servant to Joseph 

Kaighin of Xew Town Township. 
Jn° Zakerias Longebin last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob 

Hinkle of Radnor Township 
Nicholas Trautwine last from Rotterdam, servant to Charles 

Syng of Philad 1 and by him assigned to serve George 

Hinkle of Earl Township. 
Weynand Bony last from Rotterdam, servant to John Black- 
ledge of the Manor of Morel and. 
Levi Burke [Feb. 20 th 1771] assign'd to serve William Xiles 

of Philad 1 
George Kerchner last from Rotterdam, servant to Thomas 

Moore of Philad 1 and by him assign'd to serve John 

Price of Lower Chichester. 
James Yeaten assign'd by Cap 1 Seymour Flood to serve Ieh- 

abod Wilkenson of Salisbury Township. 
Peter Sehoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob Sny- 
der of Worcester Township. 
Maria Elizabeth Legfer last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Rachel Graydone of Philad 1 and by her assign'd to serve 

Jennet Marks of Philad 1 
Catherine Pepfhcr last from Rotterdam, servant to Rachel 

Graydon of Philad 1 
Barbara Sex last from Rotterdam, servant to Theodore 

Meminger of Philad 1 
John Phillips Miller last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Pierce of Concord Township. 
Murdoch Patterson redemptioner, by Cunningham Sample of 

Fawn Township. 
Michael M'M<innis redemptioner, servant to Cunningham 

Sample of Fawn Township. 

478 Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

December 7th. 

Henry Shuler last from Rotterdam, servant to George Cly- 

mer Esq r of Philad' 
Anna Catherine Elgert last from Rotterdam, servant to 

George Clymer Esq r of Philad 1 
Edmond M° Daniel last from Liverpool, servant to John Cot- 

tringer of Philad 1 
John George Knobloch last from Rotterdam, servant to Rich- 
ard Wister of Philad 1 
Thomas Hall apprentice of William Davis Cooper deced. 

assigned with consent of the said Thomas Hall by Charles 

Rish administrate!-, to John Hall of Wilmington. 
Daniel Cooper last from Rotterdam, servant to Martin Crider 

of the City of Phil 3, and assign'd by him to serve Milchor 

Shultz of Hereford, Bucks Co. 
Mary Micklen with consent of her mother Mary bound an 

apprentice to John Druckenmiller and his wife Catherine. 
Yost WiUhelm Osterdaugh last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Adam Frischbach. 
William Birch with consent of his Grand Mother Elizabeth 

Jackson bound an apprentice to John Patterson of Philad 

Maria Tomer last from Rotterdam, servant to Robert Bass 

of Philad 1 
John Strautz son of Peter, apprentice to Jesse Row oJ 

Philad 1 , House Carpenter. 
Anna Eliz a Habach last from Rotterdam, servant to Law- 
rence Bast of the Northern Liberties. 
Christiana Tomer last from Rotterdam, servant to Joseph 

Moulder of Philad 1 
John Freymouth last from Rotterdam, servant to Christopher 

Myrtetus of Philad 1 
Arnold Peters last from Rotterdam, servant to John Dehuff 

of the Borough of Lancaster. 
Philip Hortman last from Rotterdam, servant to John H< k- 
iswillor of the Borough of Lancaster. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 479 

December 8. 

Eliz a Catherine Helman [Nov. 5th 1771] assigned by Jacob 
Rote to serve John Fault of Vincent Township. 

Coll M c Donald with consent of his mother Henrietta ap- 
prentice to Jacob Binder of Philadelphia — Taylor. 

Andrew Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Township. 

Conrad Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Township. 

Henry Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Township. 

Mandelena Schoulgas last from Rotterdam, servant to Michael 
Bishop of Lower Millford Township. 

Solenia Sweitzer last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob Fries 
of Upper Alloways Creek. 

Catherine Elizabeth Mlgert last from Rotterdam servant to 
John Wilcoeks of Philad 1 

Johan Martin Koentzin last from Rotterdam, servant to Ben- 
edict Dorsey of Philad 1 

Martin Keylhauver last from Rotterdam, servant to Daniel 
Burhhard of Passyunk Township. 

John Fritzingcr last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry Funk 
of Philad 1 and assign'd by him to Jacob Miller of Sftds- 
bury Township. 

Henry Thicss last from Rotterdam, servant to Andrew For- 

svth of Phila 

Christiana Wilhelmina lliiess last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Andrew Forsyth of Philad 1 

Ernest Fritzenger and Mary Elizabeth his wife last from Rot- 
terdam, servants to Benjamin Shule Malbro' Township. 

December 9. 

John M c Kec [Nov. 23 r1 1771] under Indenture of Servitude 
to Jonathan Paschall now cancelled, servant to Hugh 
Torance of Xeils Settlements, Rowan Co.,X. C. 

Mary Hymen [March 16 th 1773] last from Rotterdam, ser- 
vant to John Rub of Philad 1 

4S0 Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

Christian Rasor and Elizabeth his wife last from Rotterdam, 
servants to Jacob Fries of upper Alloways Creek, Salem 
Co., West Jersey. 

John Iloltz last from Rotterdam, servant to John William- 
son of Xewton Township. 

John Smith with consent of his mother Deborah Poor, ap- 
prentice to Ralph Moore of Phil ad 1 Mariner 

John William Meyer last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob 
Winey of Philad 1 

Henry Hartman last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob AVin- 
ney of Philad 1 

Daniel Milter under Indenture now cancelled, last from Ire- 
land, servant to John Rees of Pencaden hundred, New 
Castle Co. 

Henry Wcirihtimer son of Henry, apprentice to Henry Kep- 
pele of Philad 1 

Lena Samolt last from Rotterdam, servant to Bedim us 
Lewis of Xew Town. 

John Miller last from Rotterdam, servant to John Yanlashe 
of Westna&tnrill. 

Christopher Luger, servant to Wandel Zarban of Philad 1 

Daniel Rise and Ann Catherine his wife last from Rotterdam, 
servants to Nicholas Burghart of Bristol. 

Catherine Louks last from Rotterdam, servant to Thos. 
Nedrow of Bristol Township Philad 1 

Juliana Louies last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob Miller 
of Cheltenham Township 

Anna Margaret Sonman last from Rotterdam, servant to 
I)oc tr Frederick Phili of Philad 1 . 

Jacob Hyer last from Rotterdam, servant to James Templin 
of East iSantmill. 

Peter Powell last from Rotterdam, servant to Richard Temp- 
lin of East Cain Township. 

Eleanor Mubryan assign'd by James Taylor to Levis Peu- 
nock of West Marlborough. 

Peter Rotenbergh last from Rotterdam, servant to Able Lip- 
pincott, Eavsham Township 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. LSI 

December 10th. 

Philip William Smith last from Rotterdam to Frederic Deeds 
of Philadelphia. 

John George Plcifer last from Rotterdam, servant to William 
Hodge of Philad 1 

Catherine Foals last from Rotterdam, servant to Jacob 
Franks of Philad 1 

John Sturgeon with consent of his Guardians Joseph Donald- 
son & Benjamin Fuller, apprentice to John Robertson ot 
Southwark, mariner. 

John Jacob Ball last from Rotterdam, servant to William 
Rogers of Evesham Township. 

Paul Huber, 

last from Rotterdam, servants 
to John Old of the Western 
Districk, Berks County. 

Joanna Teresa his wife 

Anthony their son & 

Joanna Mira their Daughter 

Jacob Ludwig Dise last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Shafer of Philad 1 . 

Thomas Woollen apprentice [May 14 th 1770] assign'd by Sol- 
omon White to Stephen Phipps of the City of Philad 1 . 

William Skinner with consent of his mother Rachael Warner 
apprentice to Jonathan Meredith of Philad 1 Tanner .V 

Jacob Ludwick Kershaw last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Philip Wager of Philad 1 . 

James Oliver last from Ireland, Indenture now cancelled, 
hound a servant to James M c Dowell of Oxford Town- 

Neal Crossan last from Ireland, Indenture now cancelled, 
bound a servant to James M c Dowell of Oxford Town- 

December 11th. 

Frederick Steinhanr last from Rotterdam, servant to Mary 

Jenkins of Philad 1 
John George Buple last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Carman of Northampton Township. 

VOL. XXXIII. — 31 

482 Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

Jacob Fink last from Rotterdam, servant to Philip Mouse of 

Philad 1 
Catherine Vandam last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Luken, Surveyor General. 
William Maxficld bound an apprentice by the Managers ot 

the House of Employment to Jonathan Jones of Phila- 
delphia, Saddle Tree maker. 
Johann Gottlib Graff 'last from Rotterdam, servant to Samuel 

Howell Merchant of the City of Phil* 
Jeremiah Driscoll [May 13 th ] Indentured to Abram Shelly 

now cancelled, by Thomas Tisdell of Philad 1 
Hugh M e Donald [May 7 th 1770] apprentice assngn'd by 

George Sharpless to Michael Canes of Philad 1 
Peter Keller last from Rotterdam, servant to Dieteriek Reise 

of Philad 1 . 

December 12 th. 

Johan Tyce Schnell last from Rotterdam, servant to William 

Staddleman of Lower Merion Township. 
Jacob Diamond, last from Rotterdam, servant to Godfrey 

Haga of Philad 1 . 
John Peter House last from Rotterdam, servant to Isaac 

Dprsten of Rock Hill Township. 
John Roberts with consent of his next Friend William 

Burton, Bound an apprentice to Peter January of Phil*, 

Wamert Oahcain last from Rotterdam, servant to Thomas 

Sinnickson, of Salem, Salem Co. Western Division of the 

Province of Xew Jersey. 
Johan Yost Tamer last from Rotterdam, servant to Allen 

Moore of PhiK 
Maria Catherine Miller last from Rotterdam, a servant to 

Henry Haines of Phil*. 

December l^th. 
John Ulrick Lyell a servant to John Nixon of Philad*. 
Mary Levers with consent of her mother Mary an appren- 
tice to James Glenn of Philad*. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. l c 3 

John George Tiger last from Rotterdam, servant to Christ 

Forrer of Lampiter Township. 
Aiwa Christiana Yeger last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Breekbill of Strasburg Township. 
Magdalen Yegar last from Rotterdam, servant to Christian 

Forrer of Lampiter Township. 
Elizabeth Saneftien last from Rotterdam, servant to Hugh 

Roberts of Phil ad 1 . 
Theobald Clinc [June 9 th past] servant to George Wert of Fhila. 
Elizabeth Easman last from Rotterdam, servant to Charles 

Wist of the Xorthern Liberty 
John Falconer apprentice, assign'd by William Ross to 

serve Richard Collier of Philad* Cordwainer. 
Margery Broadley [Xov. 7 th 1772] assigned by William 

Cochran to Robert Carson of Southwark. 
Frederica Megina Hubner last from Rotterdam, servant to 

John William Hoffman of Philad 1 
Mary Martin redemptioner now cancelled, last from Ireland, 

a servant to William Weston of Philad 1 

December loth. 

John Sickfreid with consent of his mother Catherine signi- 
fied by Andrew Kesler her son-in-law, apprentice to Henry 
Cross of Philad 1 cordwainer. 

William Green who was under an Indenture of apprentice- 
ship to Cornelius Cooper, now cancelled with consent of 
Parties & with consent of his Father Peter an apprentice 
to John Hannah of Philadelphia, Brush maker. 

Henry Whitestick last from Rotterdam, servant to John 
Breekbill of Strasburgh Township. 

Henretta Tick last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Goodwin of Philad 1 

Catherine. Will [Oct. 2' 1 1769] assigned by Charles Cham- 
berline to William Simpson lYxtang Township. 

John Rabjohn with consent of his Father bound an appren- 
tice to Philip Sinclair of Philadelphia, Taylor. 

4S4 Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

William Stevens [January ll tt 1773] last from England ser- 
vant to Ellis Xewlin of Christiana Hundred. 

December 16 th. 

Edmund Easy aged fourteen years, apprentice to Michael 
Dawson by Managers of the House of En 1 ploy m' 

Catherine Tarniss with consent of her Father George ap- 
prentice to Adam Deshler of Whitehall Township. 

Johan Adam Matzenbacher last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Jacob Brown of Philad 1 , Black Smith and assigned by 
him to Adam Carver of Heidelberg township. 

Margaret Maldrom with consent of her Father John, appren- 
tice to Michael Davenport of Southwark, Cooper, and his 

George Garnets servant bound before Tho 3 Lawrence assigned 
by Peter Reeve to serve James Wharton of Phil* 

Jacob Able with consent of his Father Matthias apprentice 
to William Stots of Southwark. 

December 17 th. 

Cedlieiine Shaffer apprentice of Francis Lether [Jan. 10* 
1772] by him assigned to George Myers of Reading. 

Mary Shiekell with consent of her Father William apprentice 
to Stephen Carmuk of Philadelphia. 

William Sieving with consent of his Father Patrie Sieving 
apprentice to Samuel Wright of Philad 1 mariner, 

December ISth. 

Mary Racket [May 14 th 1770] servant assingn'd by Abraham 

Shelly to Presly Blackiston of Philad* 
Jacob Weiscop last from Rotterdam, servant to John Btoner 

Union Township. 
John Duff with consent of his Father Michael, apprentice 

to Robert Morris of Philad 1 merchant. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 4S5 

Margaret Betts last from Rotterdam and with consent of 
her husband John Fred k , servant to Johan Geo. Fishback 
of Manheim Township and by him aasign'd to Abraham 
Rife of Manheim Township. 

Johan Fred k Belts last from Rotterdam, servant to John 
George Fishback of Manheim Township, and by him 
assigned to Abraham Rife of Manheim. 

John Justice Boltenfeld last from Rotterdam, servant to John 
George Fishback of Manheim Township and by him 
assign'd to Eronimus Ilensilman of Manheim Township. 

December 21st. 
Arthur Caldwell aged eleven years, with consent of his 

Father David, servant to Thomas Shields of Philadelphia. 
George Peddle with consent of bis Father Joseph, apprentice 

to Joseph Master of Philad 1 cooper. 

December 2 2d. 

Thomas Knox last from Ireland, servant to Willian Carson 
of Philadelphia. 

WtMiam Wells with consent of his Father Philip, servant to 
Robert Harper of Xorthern Liberties. 

Philip Cake with consent of his Father Adam, apprentice to 
Matthias Cake of Philad 1 , Cooper. 

James Hollen with consent of his Father John, apprentice to 
Benj m Town of Phil* Coppersmith. 

David Carr apprentice [Aug. 11 th 1764] bound before Tho" 
Willing Esq r , assign'd by Margaret Hanson in Virtue of 
a Power of Attorney from her husband Jonathan to 
Thomas Penrose of Southwark. 

Benjamin Smith to William Hay of Nottingham Township. 

Maria Elizabeth Seibcll last from Rotterdam, servant to Rich- 
ard Wistar of Philadelphia. 

December 83d, 
John Cramp Jun r with consent of his Father, apprentice to 
Michael Kamper of Philad 1 Cedar Cooper. 

48 G Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

3Iichael Harmon last from Rotterdam, servant to Wil- 
liam Will, Pewterer of Phila and by him assign'd to 
John Honts, Tanner on the other side Cunnewago Creek 

Mary Fowlo last from Ireland, servant to Robert M'Curley 
ofllallem Township. 

Ann Scanlan [Oct. 20 th 1772] servant assigned by William 
Ledtie to John Frazier of Philadelphia, mariner. 

Elizabeth Margaret Hartman last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Henry Kepple Sen r mereht' of Phil* and by him assigned 
to Martin L an man of the Borough of Lancaster. 

Edward Swaine [August 5 th 1772] servant assign'd by John 
Facey to Cornelia Cooper, Brushmaker of Phil*. 

December 24-th. 

Maria Elizabeth Folch last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Fritz of Southwark. 
Mary McQreary [May 15 th past] assign'd by Thomas Nel- 
son to Robert Nelson of Fair Manor. 
Ludwig Tamer with consent of his mother Anna Elizabeth 

Tamer, apprentice to Nicholas Miller of Phil*, Taylor. 
Johannes Weighel last from Rotterdam to William Lawrence 

of Bebtford Township. 
Conrad Lambach last from Rotterdam to John Heister o( 

Coventry Township 
Anna Catherine Thii.lcn last from Rotterdam, servant t>> 

Thomas Pryer of Philadelphia. 
Eve Catherine Heifer last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Musser of the Borough of Lancaster and by him assign'd 

to Christian Forrey, watchmaker, of Lampiter Township. 
Clary Jongerbloed last from Rotterdam, servant to William 

FoiWof Philad 1 
Anna Maria Miller last from Rotterdam, servant to Thomas 

Prior of Philad 1 
Elizabeth Margaret Albach last from Rotterdam, servant t.» 

Daniel Burkhart of Passvunk Township. 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 1^7 

Catherine Albach last from Rotterdam, servant to Rudolph 

Feel of Moyamensing Towns 1 '- 
Barnard Michell last from Rotterdam, servant to Nathan 

Garret of Upper Darby Township. 
Jacob Nannetter last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Duncan, Hatter, of Phil*. 

December 26th. 

John Jacob Spider last from Rotterdam, servant to Nathan 
Levering of Roxbery Township. 

And w Stilling last from Rotterdam, servant to Ristore Lippin- 
cott of Greenwich Township. 

John Peter Utrich [Jan- V 27 th 1773] last from Rotterdam, 
servant to Henry Keminerer of Philad 1 and by him 
assign'd to Catherine Shetz in Lower Merion. 

John Jacob Pifer last from Rotterdam, servant to Job 'Whit- 
tell of Debtford Township. 

James Reily last from Rotterdam, servant to Samuel Howell, 
merchant, of Philad 1 

John William Finges last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Cooper of Philad 1 and by him assign'd to Christian I\ 
of the Borough of Lancaster. 

John Peter Finges last from Rotterdam, servant to Philip 
Cauble, of Oversalford Township. 

John Jacob Yerm last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry 
Haines of Phil* 

John Ward last from Ireland, redemptioner, to Thomas 
Brown now cancelled, servant to Philip Price of Kingsess 

Margery Breadley [November 7 th & December 14 th ] to Wil- 
liam Laidley of Philadelphia. 

Thomas Prendergast last from Ireland, redemptioner, servant 
to James Ross of Kingsess Township. 

December 28th. 
Charles Herter last from Rotterdam, servant to Matthias 
Lendenbercrher of Philad 1 

4SS Record of Servants and Apprentices. 

Jacob Klcdi with consent of his Mother Mary Jukcr ap- 
prentice to Henrv Oxbeeker of Stow Creek. 

Michael Levy apprentice to Joseph Gavin of Phil* cord- 
wainer, by the Managers of the House of Employment. 

Archibald Brian [May 7 th 1772] a negro assign'd by James 
Delaplaine to Mary Sindray of Phil* 

Elizabeth Uaxzeymour last from Rotterdam servant to John 
Vanderin of Roxbury. 

Elizabeth Jung last from Rotterdam, servant to John Van- 
derin of Roxbury. 

Leonard Hartranfth with consent of his Mother Susanna, 
apprentice to Henry Hyman of Philad 1 , Taylor. 

Henry Keyuts &llast from Rotterdam, servants to \V m 

Baltzar his son j Bryant near Trenton. 

Catherine Eliz e Germane last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Christian Shade of Malborough. 

John William Maxzeymour last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Leonard Karg of Lancaster and assign'd by him to Lud- 
wick Lauman. 

Philip Sarell aged seven years 20 th November last, appren- 
tice to Francis Springer of Phil a cordwaincr, by the Man- 
agers of the House of Employment. 

Maria Elizabeth Pfeifer last from Rotterdam servant to 
Jacob Hiltzheimer of Phil a 

Christian Elh e Pfeifer last from Rotterdam servant to 

Charles Lyan of Philad 1 
Valqitine Finyar last from Rotterdam, servant to Nathaniel 
Donald of Philad 1 . 

December 29th. 

Ann Scanlan [October 20 th 1772] servant assign'd by John 

Fraser to John Brown of Willis Town. 
Thomas Eood with consent of his mother Mary, apprentice 

to Samuel Simpson of Philad 1 Cordwainer. 
Elizabeth Becker last from Rotterdam, servant to John 

Peter of Phil*. 
Phecbc Wittis servant to John Burrongh of Newtown, 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 4R1) 

Jane Williams last from Ireland, indenture of servitude now 

cancelled, servant to Thomas Hale of Phil* 
Honor Sullivan last from Ireland, indenture of servitude 

now cancelled, servant to John Willson of Phil*. 
Richard Newman last from Gal way, redemptioner to Thomas 

Brown now cancelled, servant to Michael Robinson of 

John Heits last from Rotterdam, servant to Henry Kugger 

of Piles Grove. 
John Matthias Dingas last from Rotterdam, servant to Dan- 
iel Drinker of Phil* 
George Stcarlz last from Rotterdam, servant to Peter Dick ot 

Charles Miller bound before Tho 3 Willing Esq 1 ", apprentice 

assign'd by William Xiles to David Jones of Philadelphia, 

cord wain er. 
Maria Elizabeth Meyer last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Benjamin Olden of Phil*. 
Anna Margaret Konckerl last from Rotterdam, servant to 

Thomas Proctor of Phil*" 
Adam Stoll last from Rotterdam, servant to Charles Cham- 

berlayne of Philad a 

December 30th. 

Anna Catherina Dingaseg last from Rotterdam servant to 

Levi pollings worth of Phil*, and by him assigned to 

Henry "Weaver of Strasburgh. 
Got/rid Pistei' last from Rotterdam, servant to Ludwig Kuhn 

of Phil* and assign'd bv him to Henry Shoemaker of 

Ann Hall [Dec. 18 th 1769] to William Walker of Warwick 

assigned by William Graham. 
Ghorge Kisler last from Rotterdam, servant to Ludwig Kuhn 

of Phil*., ashigned by him to Charles Shoemaker. 
Hans George Sehenediffcr ^ last from Rotterdam, servants 

and Dorothea his wife J to Samuel Howell of Phil' 

400 Record of Servants and Apprentice-. 

Adam Schenediffer aged two years with Consent of his Father 

John George, servant to Samuel Howell 
Anna Maria Sehcnediffer aged four years with consent of her 

Father, servant to Sam 1 Howell of Phil" 
Adam Skaferlast from Rotterdam, servant to Ludwig Kuhn 

of Phil* and assigned by him to Henry Mullin of 

Simon Erickaver with consent of his mother Catherine 

apprentice to Peter Schreiver of Phil*. Butcher. 
Michael Bonus under indenture of servitude to John M c - 

Connell now cancelled, servant to Thomas Badge of 

Jacob Shearer last from Rotterdam, servant to John Bentler 

of Union Township. 
Catherine Eli* Helfrigen last from Rotterdam servant to 

Charles Syng of Phil* and assigned by him to George 

Musser of Lancaster. 
John Godfred Grafmayer last from Rotterdam, servant to 

William Lamburn of Kennet 
Anna Juliana Brey last from Rotterdam, servant to William 

Lamburn of Kennet Township. 
John Bark under indenture of servitude to Thomas Brown 

now cancelled, to John Suber Middle Township. 
William^ Short last from Ireland, servant to Saml. Talbot oi 

'New Town. 
Loft Began [Xov. 21 st 1772] assigned by Samuel Caldwell 

to Zebulon Rudolph of Maryland. 
Fred" Fogle and -> ^ {nm RottcrdMni serv . IIlts t0 , 1;l . 
Cathmn Barbara his V b pamu rf the Xorthern LiK , rtvs 
wite J 

Ludwig Henry Tiscman last from Rotterdam, servant to Ben- 
jamin Coultney of Phil" and assigned by him to Robert 

Park of Chester County. 
Simon Jacob Bess last from Rotterdam, servant to Mary 

Jinkins of PhiJ' 
Anna Elizabeth Pifer last from Rotterdam, servant t-> John 

Field of Phil* 

Record of Servants and Apprentices. 491 

Johan Henry Miffct last from Rotterdam, servant to Adam 
Foulke, and by him assigned to Adam Reigard of Lan- 

December 31st, 

Jacob Fress last from Rotterdam, servant to James Sparks 
of rhilad 1 

Henry Adam 31azzuymour last from Rotterdam servant to 
Anthony Groff of Phil 1 

Maria Catherine Meyer last from Rotterdam, servant to 
Richard Bache of Phil a 

Mary Barn servant assign'd by Joseph Price to Martin 
Juges of Phil 1 [July 20 th last] 

Anna Margaret Meyer last from Rotterdam servant to Jere- 
miah Warder of Philad 1 

Nicholas Lcderigh last from Rotterdam servant to John Bald- 
win of Phil\ 

Peter Ilenrickson [Feby. 6 th 1772 Oct. 3 rd ] assigned by 
' Christopher Senclair to Frederic Burd. 

John Frederic Orbel last from Rotterdam, servant to George 
Henry, at the same time assigned by him to his Father 
William Henry. 

(To be continued.) 

492 Pennsylvania Gleanings in England. 



William Dyer of county Sussex, Province of Pennsilvania 
Esqr. Will 20 February 1687; proved -1 September 1690. 
To my eldest son William Dyer now at Boston in New- 
England my plantation in the Broad Kill now called Rum- 
bley place in Sussex county, 2000 acres with 10 cows and 
4, 2 year old heifers and 6, 2 year old Steares. To my 
second son Edmund Dyer one plantation on Lewes Creek 
formerly called Sundials but now Beavorwick and 400 
acres formerly in Partnership with Stephen Whittman 
bounding on lands of Jeremiah Scott and Thomas Brans- 
comb and to the Southward partly on lands of John Roads 
and William Roads and Eastward on the Town Creek. To 
my youngest son James Dyer 400 acres upon Mispillen 
Creek and 300 acres upon the Beavordam and upon Prince 
Hooke Creeke and 200 acres in Newcastle County, 6 miles 
from the Town. To my eldest daughter Sarah Dyer 
500 acres between the Cold Spring and the Sypresa Bridge 
in county Sussex, and to my youngest daughter Mary Dyer 
300 acres known as White Horse lately bought of Charles 
Pickering and 255 acres on Angola Neck late the land of 
Richard Shoulster. To my wife Mary Dyer 2500' acres in 
Sedar Neck near the town of Lewes and a bond of £40 from 
Hendrick Vandenborgh of Newcastle and one from Justice 
Andrieson of Newcastle £6. Samuel Curtis of Allaw ayes 
Creek, West Jersey £4, Captain William Markham £20, and 
£70 due from William Assberry on mortgage now in hands 
of Captain Stephens Van Courtland ot^ Now York and also 
my lands in Narraganset County in New England, and my 
right to the estate of my late father William Dyer dec« 
upon Roade Island within the Province of Provide net and 
also one Island called Dyers Island between Prudence ind 

Pennsylvania Gleanings in England. 403 

Roade Island, and the balance of Mr. Thomas Lloyds bond 
payable at Xew York 26 May next, and 20 acres at Reding 
in New England and two Islands called the Clafford Islands 
in Gaseoe Bay in New England. Executors: Wite Mary 

Dyer and son William Dyer. My wife to have £160 silver 
money of Xew England in hands of Sir Edmund Andross. 
Overseers: Mr. John Hill and Mr. Samuel] Gray and I 
request his Excellency Sir Edmund Andross, Governor 
Generall of Xew England to be assisting my wife. Wit- 
nesses: Charles Sanders William Podeney, who swear to 
truth of Major William Dyer, deceased, 5th day of 4th 
month called June 1688, Norton Claypoole, Deputy Regis- 
ter, county Sussex. Proved in London by William Dyer. 

Dyke, J JO. 

Sarah Eckley of Philadelphia, Province of Pennsylvania, 
widow, and sole executrix of John Eckley, late of the same 
place, merchant. Will 17 June 1692; proved 7 December 
1698. The estate left me by me husband's will dated 17 
July 1686 in Pembroke or elsewhere in England and Wales, 
and the lands in this province among my three children, 
namely William Purge, Mary Burge, and Sarah Eckley. 
To daughter Sarah Eckley £200 To mens meeting of 
Friends at Philadelphia £10 and to womens meeting at same 
place to which I belong £5. To my Brothers £1. Is. 0d. 
each. To my executors £1. Is. 0d. each. To my late hus- 
band's son John Eckley £5 5s. Od. William and Mary 
Burge to be under my executors in Pennsylvania till of age, 
and my daughter Sarah to be placed with my friend Hannah 
Delavall till of age. Executors in America : Thomas Lloyd, 
Samuel Carpenter, and John Delavall of Philadelphia. Ex- 
ecutors in England: James Lewis, Peregrine Mn -grave, 
and Richard Stafford, junior all of South Wales. Witnesses : 
John Goodsonne, Alexander Beardly, James Fox, Abraham 
Hardiman, Daniel LLoyd. 

494 Pennsylvania Gleanings in England. 

John Harris of Goaracre, parish of Hillmarton, county 
Wilts, Clothier. Will 1 April 1693; proved 9 June 1693. 
To son Samuell tenements in Hillmarton and £500. To 
John Harris £500 when his apprenticeship expires and all 
my lands in Pennsylvania. To Charlcott Meeting £10. 
Residue to my four daughters, Sarah, Jane, Hannah, and 
Mary. Executrixes: Wife Jane and son Samuell. Over- 
seers: Joanathan Scott of Bremhill, clothier, and Roger 
Cook of Calne, yeoman. Witnesses: John Phillips, 
Stephen Dangerfield, and John Ranger. 

Ooker, 96. 

Edward Perrin, City of Bristol, Merchant. Will 8 June 

1702; proved 23 December 1709. To be buried near my 

last wife in the Quaker's burial ground. Sole executor : 

son Thomas Perrin, to whom I give all my land in Virginia, 

Mary land, Pennsilvania, or elsewhere in America, also the 

house Isaac Xoble lives in in Castle Street in Bristol and 

another in Castle Street where William Nicholas lives, he 

to pay my two daughters Susanna and Anne Perrin £300 

each when 21 or married. To my three younger children 

Edward, Susanna, and Anne my messuage in which I now 

live. To son Edward two messuages in Broad mead, St 

James Parish, adjoining the house of widow Skinner, both 

now in possession of Widow Evans and John Baker and 

three messuages on Chapell Street in St Philip, and Jacob 

in possession of Robert Rookes, and my silver watch when 

of age. Overseers : Robert Ruddle, my brother-in-law, and 

Cornelius Sarjant of Bristol sopemaker, and Benjamin 

Morse, Hosier. Witnesses: Sam: Fox, Thos. Ilayne, 

John Brinsden. 

Iau< ( \ 995. 

Jane Thomas late of Philadelphia. Will 22 4th month 
1706; proved 11 February, 1711. To my Brother Mieah 
Thomas and his children £30.' To my Brother Gabriel 
Thomas £20 besides what he owes me. To sister Mary 

Pennsylvania Gleanings in England. 495 

Snead and her children £20. To sister Rachel Wharton 
£40. To Unkle James Thomas £20 a year for life. To mj 
cousins and nieces Elizabeth, Mary, and Rachel Williams 
£50 each at deceased of their uncle James Thomas and their 
brothers if living £50. To children of Thomas Wharton 
and my sister Rachell his wife £20 each. To Edward 
Shippen Senr. and his grandchildren Edward and Elizabeth 
Shippen £20. To Samuel Preston and his daughter.- Mar- 
garet and Hannah £30. To poor of Philadelphia the re- 
mainder of my estate after death of said uncle. Executors : 
Edward Shippen and Samuel Preston of Philadelphia mer- 
chants. Witnesses. Philip Kussel. Walton Killing. Jona- 
than Bailey. Morris Edwards. 

James Thomas late of Philadelphia in Pennsilvania but 
in St Margarets Lothbury London bachelor deceased. Pro- 
bate Act Book. Proved in County Sussex Delaware Bay, 
9 November, 1710. 

Baritcz, 3S. 

496 Notes and Queries. 



Centenary of Abraham Lincoln's Birth. — 

The Centenary of Abraham Lincoln's birth was observed by the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania at a Special Meeting, February 8, at 
which Major William H. Lambert, a member of the Council, read a 
paper entitled " The Gettysburg Address, When Written, How Received, 
its True Form"; and also by an Exhibition of Lincoln Autographs and 
Relics, that continued through the week. In addition to the Society's 
own treasures, the following articles from Major Lambert's Lincoln Col- 
lection were shown : 

Lock of Lincoln's Hair, cut April 15, I860. 

Cuff Button worn by Lincoln April 14, 1S65. 

Inkstand owned and used by Lincoln in his Springtield Law Ounce, 
with certificate by his partner Herndon, that from this stand the 
"House divided against itself" speech was written. 

Cane owned and used by Lincoln, and presented by him to Rev. Dr. 
Gurley, pastor of the Church attended by the President and his family 
in Washington. 

Cane presented to Lincoln in 1860, and after his death presented by 
his widow to Frank B. Carpenter, the artist. 

Boohs Owned by Lincoln and Containing his Autograph. 

A Dictionary for Primary Schools — Webster — 1833. 

Paley's Works. 

Gibbon's Rome. 

Hallam's Middle Ages. 

Angell on Limitations. 

The Illinois Conveyancer. 

Book* Presented to Lincoln. 

The Republican Party, speech by Charles Sumner, with bis autograph 

Hitchcock's Religious Truth, with autograph presentation by Herndon. 

Books Used by LAncoln, Each with Certiorate of that Fact. 

Colton's Life and Speeches of Henry Clay. 
Speech of Stephen A. Douglas. 

Books Presented by Lincoln with his Penciled Autograph 
Inscription in Kach. 

Lincoln and Douglas, Debates, 1860, with two A. L. S. of Lincoln 
and one of Douglas, relating to contest, inserted. 

Lan man's Dictionary of Congress, 1850, with A. L. S. of Lincoln to 
Lanman inserted. «• 

Notes and Quciies. 497 

Autographs of Lincoln. 

"Abraham Lincoln — His Book." — Small blank book in which Lincoln 
pasted clippings from newspaper reports of various speeches and wrote 
notes and a letter to Hon. J. N. Brown, for whom the book was prepared. 

Autograph page from ''Sum Book" signed by Lincoln and dated 1 

Soldiers Discharge in " Black Hawk War," blanks tilled by Lincoln, 
who signed as Captain, September 26, 1S32. 

Autograph Document — Notes of Survey, 1836. 

Autograph Praecipe in his first law suit. October 8, 1836. 

A. L. S. to Hon. John T. Stuart, January 20, 1840. 

A. L. S. to William H. Herndou, June 22, 1S48. 

A. L. S. to John D. Johnson (step-brother), November 25, 1851. 

A. L. S. to Hon. John M. Palmer, September 7, 1854. 

A. L. S. to John E. Rosette, February 20, 1857. 

A. L. S. to Hon. Lyman Trumbull, April 29, 1S60. 

Note signed to the Secretary of the Interior, March L5. 1 S«3 1. 

A. N. S. to Lieut. Genl. Scott, August 7, 1861. 

A. N. S. to General MeClellan, September 30, 1861. 

A. N. S. to Secretary of War, July 28, 1S62. 

A. I,. S. to Governor Curtin, Julv 25, 1S64. 

A. L. S. to Dr. W. 0. Snider, July 25, 1S64. 

A. L. S. to General Grant, City Point, April 6, 1S65. 

Nine visiting cards with Autograph notes signed on each, various dates. 

A. L. S. of Col. J. E, Peyton to the Adjt. Genl. U. S. A. with favor- 
able endorsements by several citizens of Philadelphia, and Mayor Henry, 
Governor Curtin, and President Lincoln, but disapproved by the Secre- 
tary of War. 

Proposed measures for gradual and compensated abolition of slavery 
in Delaware ; four pages in President Lincoln's autograph. 

Plan of Campaign for fall of 1861, two pages in autograph of Presi- 
dent Lincoln. 

Autograph manuscript of his Address at the opening of the Sanitary 
Fair, Baltimore, April 18, 1864. 

Autograph Manuscript — Thoughts upon Slavery. 

Legal documents in Autograph of Lincoln, the several firm names 
signed by him. 

Stuart & Lincoln. 
Logan & Lincoln. 
Lincoln & Herndon. 

Legal Documents in Autograph of Lincoln signed for himself and 
associated counsel. 

Lincoln & Lamon. 

Whitney, Davis, Swett &, Lincoln. 

Autograph judicial opinion written by Lincoln at request of the Clerk 
of the Court. 

Lincoln and Herndon Fee Book, 1847. 

Copper Medal, copy of Gold Medal given Mrs. Lincoln by French 

Lincoln Centennial Medals by Rome*, Gold. Silver, and Bran 
Lincoln Medals by Brenner, Silver and Bronze. 

VOL. XXXI11. — 32 

49S Notes and Queries. 

Original Ambrotypc, August 13, 18G0. 

Original Ambrotype. 

Original Daguerreotype. 

Twelve Contemporary Card Photographs. 

Program of Arrangements for reception of President-Elect, Philadel- 
phia, February 21, lS'il. 

Obsequies of President in Philadelphia, April 21, 1865. 

Ticket of Admission to Independence Hall, April 21, 1865. 

Ford's Theatre Play-Bill, April 14, 180.'), First I>sue. 

Ford's Theatre Play-Bill, April 14, ISC..". Second Issue. 

Manuscript notes descriptive of the last hours of President Lincoln 
and of the autopsy, written April 15, 1865, by Dr. C. S. Taft, one of 
the attending Surgeons. 

Autograph Copy by Walt Whitman of "0 Captain ! My Captain !" 

Among the exhibits of the Historical Society were the following 
original autograph letters : 

Executive Mansion 
Major General Grant. Washington, July 13, 1863. 

My dear General. 
I do not remember that you and I ever met personally. I write this 
now as a grateful acknowledgment for the almost inestimable service you 
have done the country. — I wish to say a word further — When you first 
reached the vicinity of Vicksburg, I thought you should do, what you 
finaly did — March the troops across the neck, run the batteries with 
the transports, and then go below ; and I never had any faith, except a 
general hope that you knew better than I, that the Yazoo Pass expedi- 
tion, and the like, could succeed. When you got below, and took Port 
Gibson, Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought you should go down the 
river and join Gen. Banks, and when you turned Northward East of the 
Big Black, I feared it was a mistake. I now wish to make the personal 
acknowledgment that you were right, and I was wrong. 

Yours very truly 
A. Lincoln. 

Executive Mansion 
Eliza P. Gurney. Washington September 4, 1SG4. 

My esteemed friend, 
I have not forgotten — probably never shall forget — the very impri - 
occasion when yourself and friends visited me on a Sabbath fori 
two years ago. Nor has your kind letter, written nearly a year later 
ever been forgotten. In all it has ever been your purpose to Btrei 
my reliance on God. I am much indebted to the good christian people 
of the country for their constant prayers and cOBSolatiooi ; end 
one of them, more than to yourself. The purposes of the Almighty are 
perfect, and must prevail, though we erring nortals may fail to aceu- 
rately perceive them in advance. We hoped tor a happy termination of 
this "terrible war long before this; but God knows best, and 
otherwise. We shall yet acknowledge Hie wisdom and our own error 
therein. Meanwhile we must work earnestly in the best light he 
us, trusting that so working still conduces t<> the lains. 

Notes and Queries. 499 

Surely He intends some great good to follow this mighty convulsion, 

which no mortal could make, and no mortal could stay. 

Your people — the Friends — have had, and are having a verv groat 

On principle, and faith, opposed to both war and oppression, they can 
only practically oppose oppression by war. In this hard dilemma, some 
have chosen one horn and some the other. For those appealing to mo 
on conscientious grounds, I have done, and shall do, the best I could 
and can, in my own conscience, under my oath to the law. That you 
believe this I doubt not, and believing it, I shall still receive, for our 
country and myself, your earnest prayers to our Father in Heaven. 

Your sincere friend, 
^\. Lincoln. 

Act relating to the Penn title in Delaware. — The following 
Act, somewhat in line with the policy of the Divesting Act of the 
Assembly of Pennsylvania, is found in {1 The Laws of the State of Dela- 
ware," printed by Adams, Newcastle, Del., 1797, vol. ii, p. 1174 : 

Chap. LVII. c. Passed February 7, 1704. 

A Supplement to an act, intitled : An act for opening and establishing 

a Land Oflice within this state, and for the sale of all vacant and 

unlocated lands therein. 

Whereas the rights to the soil and lands within the known anil 
established limits of this state, was heretofore claimed by the crown of 
Great Britain : And whereas by the definitive treaty between his Bri- 
tannic Majesty and the United States of America, his said .Majesty relin- 
quished all rights, proprietary and territorial within the limits of the 
said United States, to the citizens of the same, for their sole use and 
benefit; by virtue whereof the soil and lands within the limits of this 
state became the right and property of the citizens thereof, and who at 
the time of passing the act to which this is a supplement, had, and now 
have, full power and authority, by their Representatives, to dispose ot 
the same for their sole benefit, emolument and advantage. And whereas 
the claims of the late and former proprietaries of tin- state, to the Boil 
and lands contained within the same, are not founded either in law <>r 
equity ; and it is just, right, and necessary, that the citizens thereof should 
be secured in the enjoyment of their estates, rights and properties. 

Sfxtion 1. Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the state of Delaware in General Assembly met, That 
all patents, warrants, and grants, for lands within this state, made or 
granted by James heretofore Duke of York, the proprietaries of Mary- 
land, or the pretended proprietaries of this state, or their or any of their 
Agents, Oilicers or Commissioners, duly authorised to grant land- within 
the same, at any time before the first day of January, in the year of <'iir 
Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty, and all surveys made in 
pursuance of any such patents, warrants, or grants, shall he, and at all 
times hereafter shall be deemed and taken to be good and valid loth in 
law and equity, fully, clearly, and absolutely exonerated, discharged 
and exempted of and from all manner of rents, fines, and services what- 
soever; and the said patents, warrants, and grants so fully, cl< 
absolutely exonerated, discharged and exempted, are hereby ratified, 

500 Notes and Queries. 

confirmed, and established forever, according to such estate and estates, 
rights and interests, and under such limitations and uses, as in and by 
the said patents, warrants and grants, are expressed, directed and ap- 
pointed, and no other. 

[The twelve other sections of the Act are not relevant.] 

St. Clair-Ross Letters. — The following letters of Gov. Arthur St. 
Glair to Col. Mentges, and of John Ross to St. Clair, are contributed 
by C. C. Ramsey, of New York City. — 

Fort Washington May 18 lS 1701. 

An Officer and a party of hfeteen Men are ordered to repair to the 
mouth of the Kentucky River, where I expect a Detachment of Mounted 
Militia will be assembled by the 20 th instant. He will set out this day 
and you will please to go with him in order to muster the said Militia. 
Four Rolls of each Company are to be made out, one of which, after 
b?ing certified by you, is to be retained by the commanding Officers of 
the Companies respectively ; another to the commanding Officer of the 
Detach 1 ; a third to the Paymaster of the Detachment to be by him 
transmitted to the War Office of the United States, and the fourth you 
will retain yourself. 

You will please to observe that the whole number ought not to exceed 
seven hundred and twenty Privates, divided into ten Companies to each 
of which Comp. there is to be allowed a Captain, Lieutenant. Ensign 
and four Serjeants, but there is some Reason to believe that they will 
exceed the stipulated number. Should that excess amount to one or 
more compleat Companies, you will please to note below the certificate 
of the Muster (this Company supernumerary) should the excess fall 
much short of one compleat Company it must be distributed among 
the ten Companies, with such a Note as this on the M. Roles — this 
Company has men more than the compliment. 

The distribution of the Provisions and the Ammunition will probably 
take up some time, and I request you not to press the Muster until that 
is over for tho I would not seem to retard them in the least I d 
wish that the march should begin before the 24 th . The delay may be a 
little painful to you, but as I have reasons for it of a public Nature, but 
which it is not proper should appear, I am confident that you will sub- 
mit to it with cheerfulness, and manage it with delicacy, (o: 
expedient that it should not be discovered that any delay has been pro- 

I am Yr" 

Colo Mextgez. A r S* Ci.air. 

PmreBmoH 16 October, LtOl 

Dear Sir. 

On the behalf of James Galbraith one of the heirs at law of Thomas 
Galbraith late of Ligonier deceased, I have to request, that you would be 

so good as to State for what sum you sold tho Ligonier property to Gal- 
braith, how much he paid you in his lifetime, how much J. 
soninlaw & adm r paid to you or whether he paid any thing, and h m 

Notes and Queries. 501 

much remained to be paid out of the sale of the real property; — as far 
as your recollection or papers will enable you to give an account of it. 

This has become absolutely necessary, as Jameson is dead without 
having made any settlement of Galbraith's Estate, and Jameson's admin- 
istrators alledge that he made payments to you out of his own property 
for which he ought to have credit, but they can produce no receipt. 

You will oblige me by forwarding an answer to me by Post as soon 
as your business will permit you to make the neces.-ary Enquiries. 

With the highest respect I have the honour to remain 

Dear Sir 

Your most obediant Servant 

Gov R S T Clair. James Ross. 

German Families : — The following list of German families, arrived 
at Philadelphia, appears in an advertisement in Henry Miller's - v 
Bote of February 9, 1758, and will be helpful for genealogical purposes. 
The translation was made by the contributor, P. G. Swift. — 

The following German families and a couple of unmarried persons, 
are now in this city; all held for their pas-age from Holland, and 
desiring to bind themselves out lor the same ; they are in present need ; 
they hope to find their friends and would like to emigrate to free them- 
selves of indebtedness to Willing and Morris as they themselves are una- 
ble to pay. since they (W. & SI.) are willing to give credit either to their 
friends or themselves if they bind themselves out. 
Johannes Hobart, joiner, born in the Chur Maynz, town of Lembaeh ; 

wife, Maria Elisabetha Kettelin, from Langenkandel in Zwei brack. 
Johann Jacob Midler, peasant, of Dierdorf, town of Dirnbaeh ; wife, 

Margreta Elisabetha Thomas. 
Joliann Wilhelm Kaper, peasant, born in Grafschaft, Dierdorf, town 

of Potterbach ; u-i/e, Annagir Hoffman, town of W'erkbach. 
Johannes Miiller, peasant, born in Chur-Pfaltz, town of Bretzen ; ui/c, 

Anna Elisabetha Sandpoffer, from Anspach, town of Burgenhansen. 
Jolrann Miiller, peasant, born in Hesse Darmstadt, Herrschaft Itter; 

wife, Anna Maria Miiller (no town given). 
Eva Schleichart, needlewoman, born in Elsass, town of Lembaeh (single). 
Joseph Bias, tailor, Chur Maynz, town of Burtzele ; i&i/e, Dor 

Kartz, born in Elsass, town of Lembaeh. 
Bastian Dauber, peasant, Hesse Cassel district of Marburg, town of 

Leidehotten ; wife, Anna Elisabetha Litt, born in Braunselseischen, 

town of Oberhofen. 
Johan Derbald Hauck, peasant, born in Zweybruck, town of Hmnbach ; 

wife, Barbara Schunckel, town of Hassen. 
Joliann Jacob Albrech, peasant, born in Zweybruck, town of Langen- 
kandel ; wife, Anna Maria Xirland, Landau. 
Johann Philip Pott, peasant, born in Elsass, town of Eaehbarh ; k//V, 

Anna Maria Malone, born in the town of Kruszbach. 
Johann Kobbeloeh, linen weaver, Zweybruck, town of Langenkandel ; 

wife. Sevier, town of Vorlebach. 

Anna Catharina Rosz, born in Zweybruck, town of Langenkandel (sir 
Johann Georg Hoch, peasant, born in Zweybruck, town oi Ltilrlebach ; 

xrifr, Maria Dorothea Baur, born in Elsass, town of Lembaeh. 
Jeremias Algeyer, peasant and vine dresser, bom in Kirch heim on the 

Necker ; wife, Elisabetha Margaritha Schaf, born in Quglia 

502 Notes and Queries. 

Johann Nicholas Albreeh, peasant and vine dresser, born Kinhheimon 
the Necker; wife, Christina Krausz, born in Lebam. 

Johannes Westermeyer, maker of wooden shoes, Elaass, ESllendorf; 
wife, Adilga, from Fischback, Elsass. 

Johann Georg Schafer, musician, from Pfaltz, district of Lindenfele ; 
wife, Elsa, born in Clembad, Chur Pfaltz. 

R. <"r. BWIFT. 

Letter of Dr. John Morgan to John Ewoto. — 

Phi lad* Feb" ;h 1766 

Very D* Sir 

I have just Liesure Time enough to let you know the following, viz. 
that I sent you y e Oratio Valedictoria of Mr. G: Duflield, and Smith's 
Longinus, last week by the Kev 1 John Brainerd, as you requested, and 
which I hope are come to hand ere now, (I likewise wrote to Mr Jonmth: 

I should not have been so scrupulously exact in executing my 
Charge, had I known of any other Opportunity before Mr. Brainerd, 
nay, I was for a long time uneasy lest I should never see either 
him or any body else going to New Ark, & was ready to conclude 
that all Communication between that Place and this, was quite cut oil*: 
& yet I had the mortification to hear the Day I wrote by Mr. Brainerd, 
that there had been an Oppertunity some time before : I call it a Morti- 
fication not because I had it in my power to send, and would not, but 
because you might think my not sending was owing to willful! neglect 
or Laziness; but when I had made a very strict Enquiry diverse 1 
to no purpose, I deem my Ignorance not imputable. I have several 
Times had a mind of sending by the Stage Boat, but have been pre- 
vented from Fear it would be quite lost Labour, as I am fully satisfied, 
the Boat does not come within many miles of the College, & wether 
they would have a Speedy & sure Opportunity of forwarding I 
wether if they had, they would take Care to do so, I very much doul 
besides wether, I ought not to direct it to the Care of somebody at 
Amboy or elsewhere, I knew not ; so y 1 I should be glad y ; J 
let me know how I am to manage, if I should have any fur ' rO 
of sending that way ; not that I have any great Opinion <on- 

veyance by Water," or y* I intend to send that Way u hen I can send by 

As to News T have nothing very Particular to write except that M 
Washington is now in Town & has some Business with our Assembly, 
but what it is, I can't say; but conjecture that lie wants his Hands 
strengthen 1 ©! y 1 he may be enabled to distress the French A Indiai 
their Interest toward Fort Duquesne. This seems more probable, a* he 
has lately been into y e Country of the Cherokees, & 'tis said y 1 
offer'd to go out in very large Bodies, A: resolve if ; l\netrate 

even Fort Duquesne if they receive suitable Encouragement 

Mr. Franklyn came to town last Friday from Fort A! 61 .: the 
men there in high Spirits— There is a report prevailing in rown y* 
an English 40 gun-ship is taken by the French, A 
that the Western Islands Fiall. Teneriffa &c, are all s 
there is not the least vestige of any of them remaining 
Mark or Remains of the famous Peke of Tenerifl " the 

Notes and Queries. 503 

Annals of History ; this Ace' it seems is sent by one Cap 1 Ilimori. who 
was bound to Fiall, & cruiz'd off the Place where Fiall once was. tot 
several weeks, without the least prospect of any such pla 
had often been there before. & was at length oblig'd to put into I. 
but both these Acets want Confirmation; & I have &omi 
V s they will prove false. The Officers iu Town seem to do much mor.- 
Execution among the girls than ever they did among the Indian- & if 
they dont leave their Hearts quite behind them, I hope they will 
the pretty Nymphs as good Proofs of their Courage next Camp:'.". 
the Field of Mars, as they have Done here in their Feats und< 
Banner of Venus. But Business interrupts, therefore I conclude with 
repeating my wishes for your Prosperity. 
D r Sir Your loving F J 

& obedient humble aerv 1 

John Mobgas 
(Addressed) To Mb. John Ewing 

p r fav r of The Kevd ) New-Ark 

Aaron Burr j These 

Copy of Lettek from Bishop Asbury to Rev. Thomas H as- 
king, contributed by Herbert Dupuy, Esq., Pittsburgh, Penna. 

East Texxessee Frenchbroad River, Oct. IS, 1814. 

Great Grace attend us, in Great Days of distress, in the States ; and 
in the Churches : Zion Languiihcfh. The superabundant goodness of 
my dear Philadelphians and others still liveth upon my soul ; e\ 
my seeming severity, when pressed so exceedingly. I traced the I 
steps of providence, after 700 miles and 12 weeks. I had said B, 
Mcllendree must not be a man of straw ; but steel, if he wrought his 
way to Cincinnati, Ohio Conference. After all things well, to the west 
of Pennsylvania, the Bishop, was thrown from his horse; seriously 
bruised on the hip, and Bibs; he is on a Crutch. I am a rood shaken 
with the wind ! God is with me ! we have Travelled about 1 5 
incredibly bad roa>.l*, heat, drought y Dust. Wesley Bond made himself 
merry, at the thought of riding Eight or miles per day when dl 
9 days ! The pleasure we felt in disposing of the - 
the Bible Society. It was from pike to pike, from A 

venerable mother; her person put me in mind, (of our deaf Friend, and 
mother Potts, of Coventry. Long since gone to her Eternal rati ami 
reward!) The aged Mother we gave a Testament to, could DOt hide, 
but confessed her daughter sometime past wished a bowk of God to read. 
Oh the gratitude of the receiver! Oh the joy. felt by handing :•> these 
precious souls; the pure Truth of (J«>^i. sown by the waj 
spring up. A respectable couple at another Gate newly at nous - 
were poor without the Treasures of the word ofGod. The Bretheru in 
the Ohio Conference could only receive - Testam* nta p i share, when 
they, and the. Brethern of Tennessee, would have handed 1 « :r Y 
Friend, to the extremities Ohio, Kentucky, fllin 

and all the western country. The books handed to the Philadelphia 
Conference, ami sent to their western lirethern; the fp - '■ the 

female Bible Society, shall be duly honoured, and sent inl i - 

504 Notes and Queries. 

places, where few families, have any copies of the Orieles of 
conclude should there be a disposition to send hundreds to o u 
Conferences, no men are more willing, or in tucfa preparmti i 
travelling preachers to have Books. We say, know ve a spot where the 
Gospel is not preached, in the United States till qs and ire trill 
soon Missionaries there. I recommend the Societies to ticket their 
books. Perhaps some will say it is a Political trick: others will 
the books came across the Atlantic. I presume the Devile and the 
Diests, are not a Little vexed that the word of Truth prevails. If a 
man shall gain greatly by printing the Bible, "Oh it is a money getting 
thing" says the infidel. If a number of Christians of many Denomina- 
tions unite — oh there is some Political Craft: but wisdom is Justified 
of her Children. I should be pleased that the number of memb - 
the Bible Society of different religious communities, was given in M 
upon the Ticket. Amen. Dear Thomas be ye faithful, be ye dili| 
be ye holy. Our felicity was honoured to carry 100 Testaments 
Cincinati to Logan County in Kentucky, to Tennessee Conference, 800 
miles, and many carried them three and 500 miles from thence, We 
are very near perpetual motion in our Felicity. We >hall if we ride 
6000 miles, call for new wheels, and under work next Fall. I have 
bought another horse 60 dollars, how will that comport with 10 
year and 3 and 6 dollars and 25 hours Tavern Bills. But the Earth i-- 
the Lord's and the fulness there off] My Christian salutation to all 
that ask after me. Dear Michael he fell for me, I fell for him. It 
seemed to me he was near to Death, or Death near to him. Oh may I 
live, to see the [torn] and soul keep silence, pray we mightiij p - 
we may be hidden in the Day of adversity! 1 only and I continue I 
Something like preaching, when we have an opportunity; but I shall 
depend upon riding 200 miles a week. As to Conferences, I only 
direct the men, the courses. John Sale presided in the Ohio I 
ference by my appointment, and asking our pard ffl, I think lie 
made out abundantly better that I could at best, n<»r coul 1 the 
Bishop have done better; is my opinion. The help of the pre- 
Elder is great; we have a great work to appoint and Govern 5-'* 
men, our Eyes, Ears, Mouths, Hands and Ret, Farewell, if 

to thee and thine. 

F, AflBCTtY. 

Extracts from the Appraisement or the Erato of Letttia 

Aubrey, "late of Christ Church, SPlTTLEFlELDfl in thi 

of Middlesex widow deceased," 174G. — 

In the Garrett. 

A Bedstead, 4 old Curtains & Kods, 

Feather bed, Bol.-ter & one pillow, 

4 Blankets, 2 old Quilts 4 Linsev Curtain-, 

2 Arm Chairs, Cushion A Hair Line, 

A Grate, a Horse for Cloths, Ironing Board, 

2 Trays, 1 stool, a press & old Bottli I. 

In the Room tiro pair qf stairs Backward, 

A. Bedstead with blue Linsey Furniture, I 
Featherbed Bolster, two pillows, :> Blankets, 

Xotes and Queries. 505 

a Quilt, a pair of Window Curtains, 

A square Tabic, a flap Tabic, 2 Cane Chairs 

and a small Looking Glass. 

In the Stair Case, One pair of Stairs. 
Three Draughts of Prints. 

Room one pair of Stairs backward, and Boohs. 

A small Stove com pi eat, 

Brass Arms, pair of Bellows, 2 Cane Chairs and Cushions, 

A Japan Corner Cupboard, 

A flap Table, 

An India Cabinet, and 2 Shew Glasses with Curiosities, 

70 pieces of China, some cracked, some Delf, 3 China Dishes, 

A Desk & 8 prints, 

6 Jelly Glasses, a Water & flower Ditto., 

A large Family Bible, 

A blue Turkey Leather Ditto., 

A Bible with Maps, 

A Dictionary, 2 small Bibles, 

A Couch Squab & Cover. 

In the fore Parlour. 

A Stove, Tongs, Shovel, poker, Chimney Hooks vV. Brush, 

Chimney Glass and Brass Arms, Sconce & Brass Arms, 

An Eight Day Clock and Case. 

A Mahogany Table, a Tea Table, a weather Glass 

4 Walnut Tree Chairs 2 Elbow Ditto., 

A pair Harrateen Curtains and Squabs. 

2 Window Blinds, a small Turkey Carpet, a Kidderminster Do. 
Green Table Cover, an old Carpet 2 pieces floor Cloth. 

3 China Dishes & a small Bowl, 

14 blue and white plates 4 ColTl'e Cups. S Saucers, 

6 Glass Decanters, 7 Tumblers, & a Rummer, 

2 Cruets, S Wine Glasses, a Water Gla-s, 2 Bottle Board-. 

2 Japan Candlesticks, 18 Delf plates' & a Brass Lock, 

A Cistern. 

In the Bach Parlour. 

A stove com pleat and Chimney Hooks, 

Chimney Glass & Brass Anns, 

Coat of Arms 1 Draught, 1 print, 

A Japan Corner Cupboard & small Tea Table, 

A Dutch Table, an India Waiter A: Coffee Mill, 

4 Walnut Tree Chairs 3 p's floor Cloth, 
Small Mahogany Table, A Tea pot, 

51 p s of China & Delf of various kinds, 

A broken Tea Board Waiter and Sugar Dish, 

A Spice Box, A pair of Blue Curtains. 

506 Notes and Queries. 

In the passage. 
A glass Lanthorne, a Bell, a hair Cloth & 5 Map* 

In the Garden. 
A Rolling Stone & Freame. • 

In the Kitchen, Vault d' Area. 

A Range Grate, fender Shovel Tongs, poker, 
Crane and two Hooks, 

A Kettle and Grid iron, Plate Warmer 6c Pig Iron, 
Cinder Shovel, 1 Iron Candle Stick, 2 Flesh" Forks, 

2 Meat Scures. Stake Tongs, Chopper & Cleaver, 

3 Box Irons, 3 Stands G Heaters, 
A wind up Jack, compleat, 

3 Spits an Iron Frame for a dripping pan, 

2 pair of Spit Racks, Bird Spit, Bellows 6c i> Chairs, 

a pair of Brass Candlesticks 3 flat Ditto., 

1 Skimmer Ladle and Spoon, 

A Brass Warming pan & Iron, a pewter Cullender, 
A Stew pan and cover, a Copper pottage pot 6c Cover, 
A Brass Kettle, a Dish Kettle & Copper Sauce pan, 

2 brass Saucepans, Coifee pot & Drinking pot, 

A Sliding Candlestick, a bell & small Looking Glass, 

A Spice Box and Skreen, 

12 Agate handle Knives and Forks, 

6 Ivory handle Knives and Forks, 

5 old Ditto., 

Brass frying pan, 5 washing Tubs, a Water Tub and Stand, 4 ptils, - 

brass cocks, Brushes 6c Mops, 
2 Tables, 2 large pottage pots, 2 Cheese plates. 

In the Wash, house. 

A Brass Kettle, Iron Work & Shovel, 

Iron Stand & Chafing Dish, 

A plate Rack & Bottles, 

A small pair of Scales, Brass Weights, a pestle & Mortar. 

Deal Ironing Board 4 stools, Table and Hanging >he!f, 

Safe, Bread Tub & Cover, 

2 Coal Tubs and some Earthen Ware. 

Inventory of Plate. 

one Sauce pan, a porringer, 

2 Candlesticks, snuffers & stand, 

1 Punch Ladle, 

2 Salts, 1 punch strainer, 

6 Spoons, 1 Silver purse, Spring & Hook, 
1 Milk pot, 3 Casters, 1 Eland Candlestick, 

1 porringer, I Soop Ladle, 1 Skimmer, 

2 Wax Candlesticks, l Tea Canister, l Spoon B 

Notes and Queries. 507 

1 Child's Saucepan, 2 Salts, 1 Extinguisher, 
1 Scissors Chain & Scissars Case, 
1 Bobbin Case and Thimble, 
1 Snuff Box, 8 Teaspoons, Tongs & Strainer, 
1 Nutmeg Grater, 2 Inkhorns, Silver Clasp, 
1 Silver purse Spring, 1 silver Watch hook, 
1 Bodkin & Silver pencil, 
14 Medals & Coins, 

Weighing altogether 240 Ounces. 

Several Gold Toys & pieces, viz: 

1 Gold Box, 

1 pincushion Hoop & Chain, 

1 Mourning Kinsrs, 6 pieces of Gold Coin, 

1 Gold Toy and Mash'd Mouth bead, 

6 Shell spoons set in silver, 

1 Black Velvet purse, 5 purses, 

1 Ivory Rule," 2 Ivory Snuff Boxes, 
3 Cases of Instruments, 

2 pair of Spectacles in a Case, 
a blood stone, 

A parcel of Beads. 

To this is added a list of the Furniture left to Miss Christiana Gulielma 

A Bed sted with red Camblet Furniture, 

A pair of Bellows and Brush, 2 Cane Chairs, 

with Cushions and 2 stools, 

Two Olive Wood Tables, 

Two Walnut Tree Chest of Drawers, 

A Glass Book Case 2 powder Boxes a dressing Box and Stand, 

Two pair of Window Curtains & Rods, 

An old yellow Silk Quilt, * 

An Iron fender & some crack'd Earthen Ware. 

Two Elbow Chairs stuff d Backs and Cushions, 

one pair of Camblet Window Curtains. 

Some of the Silver Plate of Thomas Penn. — 
My Plate to be sent to England, T. Penn, Aug 1 23, 17G3. 

1 pair of low candlesticks for a writing table, 

1 pair of smal D°, 

2 old Square salts with my Crest, 
A silver pig tail box, 

A silver beaker, 

A small nutmeg grater, 

A silver peak for a saddle, 

1 large sauce pan, 

1 small d°, 

1 Gilt Challi. e, 

50S Notes and Queries. 

4 Table spoons with my Cre.-t, 

2 larger <J° marke<l T. P., 

1 Teapot, 

1 silver plate. — the plate has your Fathers Anns 

engraved upon it, therefore I do 

not send it. 

[The list is in the writing of Thomas Penn. The note after the 
item is written by Gov. John Penn. 


Schneidf.r-McGinley. — Charles MeGinley, born Dec. 25, 17* 
died Jan. 27. 1845. Mary Schneider, his wile, born Jan. 10, I 
died July 17, 1856. Children: (1) Elizabeth, born Sept. 4, I 

married Jones. (2) John, born June 30, 1708; died Apr. 8, IS47 

(3) Catherine, born Feb. 13, 1800; died Nov. 5, 1878; married, as hie 
second wife, Benjamin Parker. (4) Thomas, born Dec. 4, 1801. 

Nancy, born Mar. 12, 1805; married McXutt. (6) Sarah, 

Aug. 2, 1807; married Roberts. (7) Peter, bom July _'. 

(8) Mary, born June 18, 1813; married 1st, Overton. 2nd, 

Edgar. ( C J) Louisa, born July 24, 1816; married July 21. 

1816; died Nov. 27, 1852. 

Charles MeGinley and his family removed from Nbrthumb ri 
County, Penna., to the town of Manchester, Ontario Co., N. V.. 
after 1800. As Mary Schneider was twenty years younger than hei 
husband, it looks as if it was a second marriage on his side. Wi I 
any information about Charles MeGinley and Mary Schneider in I 

Mrs. Natalie R, Fkhnalp, 

217 W. UticaSt, l V V. 

Boone. — Wanted, to learn the whereabouts of desc - 

jamin Boone (wife Elanor), who bought land in North.: 
County, 1784. A brother, Samuel Boone, died there in 1811. 
Eve or Eva; children, James, Samuel, Benjamin, Rachel, ind Su- 

M. J. Rob, 

Plaint Id. N I 

A Committee of the Alumni of all DEPARTMENTS OI IBM 
University of Pennsylvania is Preparing a Catalog) 

tain all of the graduates and non-graduate matriculates of the Univt 

We append a list of the Medical graduates of whom the con, 

no information. Our readers will lighten not • little thediffi 

of the committee in collecting data of these graduates, it" t! 

once whatever information they may have to Dr, Ewing Joi ..•.-.. 1510 

Walnut St., Philadelphia. 

Information is especially desired a* to full name, parents . full 

date and place of birth and of death, it" marru I, lemlc 

degrees received, prominent positions held, and any print 
the men named. 

Notes and Queries. 



Alison, Hugh Lee, S. C. 
Alison, Robert, Pa. 
Ayres, David J., Ky. 
Bedinger, Benjamin Franklin, Ky 
Booth, Mordeeai C, Va. 
Bouldin, Robert E., Va. 
Boylston, Henry, S. C. 
Bradford, Harvey, Ky. 
Burden, Jesse R., Pa. 
Bush, G. B. L.,Ga. 
Carter, Rohert Wormeley, Va. 
Christian, Richard Asbury, Va. 
Connell, Thomas H., Pa. 
Cook, Joseph H., N. J. 
Cosby, James J., La. 
Curd, Edward, Va. 
Davies, Henry Landon, Va. 
Davis, William, Va. 
DeGrafYenried, Edwin L., Va. 
Dingee, Obadiah M., Pa. 
Eggleston, Dick H., Va. 
Fontaine, William P., Va. 
Ford, Edward M., Va. 
Ford, Stirling, Va. 
Garnett, Augustus Henry, Va. 
Gatling, John S., N. C. 
Gooch, William F., Va. 
Hamilton, Samuel N., S. C. 
Flarrison, John P., Ky. 
Hill, James P., Va. 
Hinton, Robert, N. C. 
Holt, David, Ga. 
Klingle, George F. , Pa. 
Lane, Flardage, Mo. 
La Rue, George, Canada. 
Ligon, John T., Va. 
Ligon, Littleberry N., Va. 
McConncdl, Benjamin Rush, Pa. 
McCoskry, Charles N., Pa. 
Macrae, James W. F., Va. 

, Pa. 

P., District 




Marshall, John G 
Maxwell, Jobn G. 
Miller, Warwick 

Minge, John, Va. 
Moseley, William, Va. 
Moultne, William L., S 
Murray, Alfred, Va. 
Patterson, John II., Va. 
Price, James P., Pa. 
Puckett, Samuel M., Kv. 
Purnell, Chesed., Md. 
Purnell, John Robins, Md. 
Rankin, William, Pa. 
Redfield, Chandler, Pa. 
Richmond, Frederick, N. J. 
Rives, Thomas P., Va. 
Rucker, William R., Tenn. 
Seymour, Hugh G., Va. 
Sharp, William McDowell, Pa. 
Simpson, John Wells, S. C. 
Smith, .John C, X. C. 
Smith, J. Russell, Pa. 
Snow, Frisby H., Pa. 
Sorden, Samuel, Del. 
Spragins, John D., Va. 
Svkes, William A., Va. 
Thomas, William H., Md. 
Trenor, John, Pa. 
Trimble, Cyrus W., Ohio. 
Urquhart, Charles, Va. 
Wallace, James Westwood Mason, 

Warfield, Charles Worth ington, 

AVeeks, James, Va. 
Wheatley, James, Va. 
Willeox, Edward, Va. 
Williams, Mortimer D., Va, 
Wright, Abednego, Ga. 

Anderson, Richard, S. C. 
Archer, Peter Feild, Va. 
Armstrong, Robert L., S. 
Atkins, Dudley, Mass. 
Atlee, John Light, Pa. 
Bailey, Otway L., Va. 
Bonner, Andrew, S. C. 
Boyd, John Camp, Ky. 
Branch, LeRoy, Va. 

1820 (Medical). 

Browne, Jo-eph, Mo. 
Buchanan, William Furlow, Ga. 
). Burrough, Marmaduke, N. J. 

Clarke,^ Robert J. or L, Pa. 
Clarke, William. Ky. 
Corbin, Garwm Lane. Va. 
Cuthbert, George, S. C. 
Davis, Isaac, l'a. 
Dew, William, Va. 


Notes and Queries. 

Button, Richard, Pa. 
Eklridge, Alfred, Va. 
Elliott, John, Pa. 

English, Jeremiah Smith, 
Finch, William H., Va. 
Flanner, Thomas, Ohio. 
Given, John Steele, Pa. 
Goldsborough, Francis M 
Goode, Thomas Jefferson, 
Graves, Daniel De Sausure, 
Greene, George, N. J. 
Grigg, John Ryland, Pa. 
Gunnell, James Samuel, Vs 
Hamilton, Thomas, Ga. 
Jones, Gustavus Yasa, Va. 
Jones, William, Ya. 
La Roche, Rene, Pa. 
McCall, Alexander, Tenn. 
McCallmont, John, Del. 
Mahon, David Nelson, Pa. 
May, James, Va. 
Nash, Abner, Ya. 
Oslere, Job Gaskill, Pa. 
Paxton, John, Pa. 


, Md. 

S. C. 

Payne, Americus Ve>pucius, Ya. 
Price, Jonathan David, N. J. 
Reese, Samuel P., Pa. 
Richardson, John C., Ya. 
Richardson, Robert Pryor, Va. 
Rose, Jacob Service, Pa. 
Scott, William Baker. Ya. 
Semple, John Tyler, Ya. 
Shell, Turner, Va. 
Shivers, Thomas, Jr., Del. 
Skerrett, David Christie, Pa. 
Spiller, George. Augustus, Ya. 
Stewart, William Champneys, S.C. 
Wait, Francis Dehon, Mass. 
Washington, Samuel Walter, Va. 
Watkins, William M., Tenn. 
Whilldin, John Galloway, Pa. 
White, Luke, Va. 
White, William Chapman, Tenn. 
Williams, Isaac, Ya. 
Williamson, Philip Doddridge, Ya. 
Withers, Robert Walker, Va. 
Worthington, William Henderson, 

JSoofc Notices. 

Tiie Morris Family of Philadelphia. Descendants of An- 
thony Morris, Born 1654-1721 Died. By Robert C. Moon, 
M.D., Philadelphia, 1908. Vols, iv and v. Illustrated. 
The publication of these additional records of the Morris Family of 
Philadelphia is due to the fact that much important data and illustra- 
tions could not be included in the three original volumes of the family 
history published in 1898. They are now collected together in these 
supplementary volumes, which also include new detailed and varied in- 
formation relating to the early history of the family. The births, deaths, 
and marriages which have occurred in the family since'1.898 are also re- 
corded. An interesting feature of the work is the wealth of illustrations, 
which comprise facsimiles of original documents, portraits, the homes, 
antique furniture, silver, glass, and other family relics, in the possession 
of the descendants of Anthony Morris. Dr. Moon cannot be praised too 
highly for his authoritative and monumental work; to the family it will 
be indispensable, and as a contribution to local genealogy it is invalu- 
able. A very full general index, and index of names, will be found 
helpful. Typographically the volumes are very attractive. 

John Redington of Torsfield, Massachusetts, and Some of His 
Descendants, with Notes of the Wales Family. By Cor- 
nelia M. Redington Carter. Edited by Josiah Granville Leach. 
LL.B. Boston, 1909. 8vo, pp. 86. Illustrated. 
Genealogical works have a singular attraction, for by them we are 

enabled to come close to the actual life, the labors, and the virtues of 

Notes and Queries. 511 

our ancestors. The data collected of John Reddington and some of his 
descendants, with notes on the Wales family, will interest their descend- 
ants, and the good taste displayed in the arrangement is commendable. 
Typographically, the volume is in every way pleasing. 

George "Washington- — Statement of Richard Parkinson [Lin- 
colnshire Farmer]. By Alfred J. Morrison. The Lord Baltimore 
Press, 1909. pp. 3S. 

Richard Parkinson, the scientific farmer of Lincolnshire. England, 
and the author of several works on Farming, made a tour in America 
in 1798, and visited Washington at Mount Vernon. He was among the 
first foreigners to print a general dislike to this country and to warn im- 
migrants off. However, he met with much kindness here, and is not 
chary in admiration of individuals. His impressions of Washington 
are perhaps all the more interesting from the fact of his disappointment 
in the capabilities of the latter's River Farm, as it appeared: but time 
proved that the English scientific farmer was wrong. What astonished 
Parkinson was Washington's exact justice and scrupulous habits of 

The Romance of American Expansion. Bv H. Addington Bruce. 
New York, Mofiat,Yard & Co., 1909. 8vo."pp. 246. Illustrated. 
Price $1.75 net. 

The aim of this volume is to give a brief, yet sufficiently compre- 
hensive history, of the territorial growth of the United States. In every 
stage of the growth of the country, there has been some dominant, cen- 
tral figure playing a leading role in determining the progress made. Mr. 
Bruce takes eight famous historical personages — Daniel Boone, Thomas 
Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, Sam. Houston, Thomas H. Benton, John 
C. Fremont, William H. Seward, and William MeKinley — and, inter- 
weaving their personal achievements with a more general account of the 
events in which they participated, gives the story of expansion in a form 
that makes it of the liveliest interest to the general reader and of great 
helpfulness to the student. From beginning to end, there is little to re- 
gret and much to admire, in the story of American expansion. The 
book is based upon exhaustive research, contains much valuable in- 
formation not elsewhere brought together, and the closing chapter con- 
tains a critical bibliography, for those who desire to make a more de- 
tailed study of the different acquisitions. 

A Collection of Papers Read before the Bucks County His- 
torical Society. Vols. II., III. Published for the Socitty by 
B. F. Fackenthal, Jr. 1909. Illustrated. 

A few months ago we welcomed the publication of the first volume of 
historical papers read before this Society, and now the second and third 
volumes have been issued. Taken together, they comprehend a most 
valuable contribution to the history, archeology, and genealogy of 
Bucks County, the writers being the foremost authorities in their chosen 
fields. It is quite safe to predict that they will meet with a ready sale. 
The text is generously illustrated, the tpye and paper good, and the 
binding neat and substantial. For copies addres> the Society, at 

512 Notes and Queries. 

The Pennsylvania Federation of Historical Societies. Acts 
and Proceedings. Harrisburg. 1909. Svo, pp. 40. 

In addition to the very full report of the fourth annual meeting, the 
Secretary, Dr. Heilnian, has prepared a list of the publications issued 
during the year by the societies composing the Federation, which will 
be helpful to librarians. 

Annual Proceedings Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the Revo- 
lution, 1908-1909. Edited by Ethan Allen Weaver, Secretary. 
Philadelphia, 1909. Svo, pp. 84. Illustrated. 

This attractive Year Book contains, in addition to the proceedings of 
the twenty-first annual meeting, an'historical sketch of St. Peters P. E. 
Church, by Charles Henry Jones, and the annual Sermon preached 
before the Society by the Rev. Nathaniel S. Thomas. The Necrologies! 
Roll for the year has been prepared with great care, and the illustrations 
comprise interior views of St. Peters Church; facsimile in colors of the 
Valley Forge banner; and the equestrian statue of General Anthony 
Wayne, erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania at Valley Forge, 
at the dedication of which the Society participated. 

Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, 1909. 
No. 18. 8vo, pp. 245. 

The present annual is made up in the main of papers presented to 
the meetings of the Society at Newport, P. I., and in New York City. 
It also contains three papers, "The Early History of the Jews in New 
York, 1C54-1664," by Samuel Oppenheim j "The Jews' Tribute in 
Jamaica/' by George Fortunatus Judah ; "A Memorial of Jews to 
Parliament concerning Jewish Participation in Colonial Trade, 1696," 
by Max J. Kohler, A.M., LL.B., which were presented at the meeting 
held in Philadelphia in February of 1909. The other papers are : 
" A Burial Place for the Jewish Nation Forever,' ' by Rosalie S. Phillips ; 
"Notes on the History of the Jews in Barbados," by N. Darnell Davis, 
C.M.G. ; "Notes on the History of the Jews in Surinam," by Pev. P. 
A. Hilfman. ' ... 

The Development of Hungarian Constitutional Liberty. By 
Count Julius Andrassy. (Translated from the Hungarian by C. 
Arthur and Ilona Ginever.) London, 190S. Svo, pp. 4G2. Re- 
ceived from Emil Zerkowitz, Hungarian Commercial Councillor, 
49 Exchange Place, New York. 

This volume is only part of the book projected by the author, dealing 
with the preservation and development of Hungarian constitutional 
liberty. It treats of the period from the entry of the Hungarians 
into the country now known as Hungary, say S96, down to the reign of 
Matthias II, in 1619. Hungary has been so much to the front in recent 
years that this work of Count Andrassy, the present Minister of the In- 
terior, and a son of the late Count Julius Andrassy, the Austro-llun- 
garian Minister of Foreign A flairs, which contains much reliable infor- 
mation, will be valuable for the American public. 

Officers of the Historical Society oj Pennsylvania. 513 




Hon. Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker. 

honorary vice-presidents. 
Hon. Craig Biddle, Henry C. Lea. 

Hon. James T. Mitchell, George Harrison Fisher, 

Hon. Charlemagne Tower, Hon. Hampton L. Carson, 

William Brooke Rawle, John Frederick Lewis. 

recording secretary. 
Thomas Willing Balch. 

corresponding secretary. 
John Bach McMaster. 

Francis Howard Williams. 

Richard McCall Cadwalader. 

514 Officers of the Historical Society oj Pennsylvania. 


Gregory B. Keen. 


John W. Jordan. 

assistant librarian. 
Ernest Spofford. 

assistant librarian, in charge of manuscripts. 



J. Granville Leach. 


John C. Browne, Samuel Castner, Jr., 

William H. Lambert, Edward Robins, 

Charles Morton Smith, Israel W. Morris, 

Simon Gratz, John T. Morris, 

William Drayton, Hon. William P. Totter, 

Hon. William Potter, Edward S. Sayres. 

The Council of the Society is composed of the President, Vice- 
Presidents, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, 
Auditor, and the twelve Councillors. Hon. James T. Mitchell is Presi- 
dent, and Gregory B. Keen is Secretary of the Council. 

trustees of the publication fund. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, Hon. James T. Mitch p.i.l, 

Simon Gratz. 

(John W. Jorpan, Editor of Publications.) 

Officers of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 515 


Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, Hon. James T. Mitchell, 

Simon Gratz. 


Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, John Bach McMaster, 

Gregory B. Keen. 


Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, George Harrison Fisher, 

William Brooke Rawle, Simon Gratz, 

Hon. James T. Mitchell. 

trustees of the endowment fund and the 
miscellaneous trusts funds. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, Hon. Hampton L. Carson, 

Richard M. Cadwalader. 


Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, William Brooke Rawle, 

Hon. Hampton L. Carson, Gregory B. Keen, 

Edwin Greble Dreer. 

trustees of the pennsylvania historical 
study encouragement fund. 

Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, William Brooke Rawle, 

Gregory - B. Keen. 


Hon. S. W. Pennypacker, William Brooke Rawle, 

John F. Lewis. 

516 Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 


January 10, 1910. May 9, 1910. 

March 14, 1910. November 14, 1910. 

January 9, 1911. 

Annual membership $ 5.00 
Life membership 50.00 
Publication Fund, life subscription 25.00 
Pennsylvania Magazine, per annum (to non-sub- 
scribers to the Publication Fund) 3.00 

Payments may be made to the Curator at the Hall, 1300 Locust 


(Family surnames of value in genealogical research are printed in CAPITALS; names of 

places in italics.) 

Able, Jacob, 4S4 

Academy of Philadelphia, bequest of 
William Parsons to poor scholars 
of, 343 

Act relating to the Penn title in 
Delaware, 499 

Albach, Catherine, 487 

Albach, Elizabeth Margaret, 4S6 

Allen, A., 433 

Allen, David, 465 

Allison. Samuel, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

Allumraapees, or Sassoonan, a Dela- 
ware King, 249 

Alricks, Jacob, Director General of 
New Amsterdam, IS 

American China, bill for, 253 

Amsterdam, merchants of fit out 
vessels for America, 3 

Andrews, Mary Raymond S., opinion 
of as to when and where Lincoln's 
Gettysburg Address was written, 
386; statements of, refuted, 39S 

Angel, Col. Israel, 207 

Anyayea village and lake, description 
of, 299; mentioned, 413 

Apply, Evan, sentenced by Court Mar- 
tial, 267 

Appraisement of a Negro Slave, 1752, 

Archibald, R. C, 3S1 

Armand, Col. Charles, corps of, com- 
manded by Major Lomague, 353 

ARNOLD, Gottfried, 343 

Arnold, Isaac N., opinion of, as to 
when and where Lincoln's Gettys- 
burg Address was written, 386 ; 
quoted regarding same, 392 

Arnold, Margaret Shippen, query re- 
garding, 381 

Asbury, Rev. F. to Rev. Thomas 
Raskins, 503 

Associated Press reports of Lincoln's 
Gettysburg Address, 394, 399 

Aubrey, Letitia, extracts from ap- 
praisement of the estate of, 504 

Aubrey, William, to James Steel, 368 

Ayres, Capt, of the ship " Polly," sent 
to Philadelphia with tea, 324, 326 

Baker, Edward, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 267 
Baker, George William, 476 
Baker, , murder of Indians by, 

434, 435 
Banks, Thomas, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 459 
Barber, Lieut-Col. Francis, 263 
BARCLAY, David, 379 
Barclay, David, contribution of to 

Pennsylvania Hospital, 452 
Barkley, Gilbert, 323, 324 
Bates, Samuel P., quoted regarding 

Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, 392 
Beatty, Capt. Ercurius, appointed 

agent for the Paymaster-Generai, 

1784, 357 
Bechtel, John, Rev. Abraham Reincke 

entertained by, 99 
Becker, Elizabeth, 4S8 
Belt, Emma B., Bible Records of Co!. 

William Edmonds contributed by, 

Benner, Johannes, 476 
BENNETT, 377-379 
Bennett-Shocklcy Genealogical Notes, 

Berry, Capt., 314 
Bersant, Samuel, 315 
Bess, Simon Jacob, 490 
Bethlehem, Moravian colony at, 231, 

235; first fire engine for, brought 

over in the "Hope," 248; meeting 

at, 1762, 248 
Betts, Johan Frederick, 4S5 
Betts, Margaret, 485 
Riddle, Col. Clement, Letters of George 

Washington to, 118; mentioned, 

3S0, 468, 470 
Biddle, Ed., 452 
Birch, William, 478 
Blackfan, Ed., 310. 313, 315 
Blackwell, Capt. John, William Tcnn 

to 311 ; William Penn writes re- 
garding salary of, 316 
Boehnisch, George, first Moravian to 

come to America. 1734, 228 
Boltenfeld, John Justice, 488 
Book Notices, 124, 256. 383, 510 



BOONE, 508 I 

Boston, Port Bill, 432. 435, 436, 438 ; 
Thomas Wharton writes of affairs 
In, 1774, 441, 442, 447, 452 

Bouquet, Col. Ilenry, Selections from ! 
the Military Correspondence of, 
1756-1761, by Helen Jordan, 102, 
216; Instructions for Edward 
Shippen from, 102 ; to Col. James : 
Burd, 103, 105, 114, 216, 218, 220, , 
221, 225 ; to Edward Shippen, 107, 
108, 111-113, 115, 217 ; to Richard 
Teters, 109, 216, 224, 226 ; Orders 
given by at Fort Bedford, 222 ; to 
Capt. George Schlosser, 222 ; to 
Thomas Foster, 226 

Bowen, Major Thomas B., appointed 
agent for the Paymaster-General, 
1781, 357 

Bowman, Col. Abraham, 465 

Boyd, Lieut. Thomas, killed by In- 
dians, September 13, 1779, 300, 301, ; 
410; Toast to memory of, 417;! 
mentioned, 281, 420 

Brandon, Alexander, sentenced by 
Court Martial, 469 

Breadbaur, Johann Casper, 476 

Breadley, Margery, 487 

Breakneck Hill, 140, 421 

Brewer, see Bruen 

Brey, Anna Juliana, 490 

Brian, Archibald, 488 

Brice, Lieut.-Col. John, 134 

Bristow, John, 426 

Broad & Cherry Streets Hospital, 
reply to query regarding S. E. B., [ 

Broadley, Margery, 483 

Brockden, Charles, 99 

Brooks, Noah, opinion of as to when 
and where Lincoln's .Gettysburg 
Address was written, 3S8 

Brown, Samuel, 470 

Brown, , 457 

Bruen, Col. Bryan sets off to Congress 
with account of success of the 
Western Expedition, 420 

Bryan, Henry, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 274 

Bryan, Joshua, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Buckers, Thomas, 470 

Budd, Thomas, 311 

Buford, Major Abraham, 260 

Bull, Col. John, 129 

Bull, John Jacob, 481 

Burchardt, Major Daniel, Gen. Edward 
Hand to, 353 ; orders for march to 
Wyoming, 353 ; Gen. Hand writes 
to Col. Butler regarding march of 
to Wyoming, 354-355 

Burd, Col. James, Gen. John Forbes 
to, 95 ; Col. Henry Bouquet to, 103. 
105, 114, 216. 218, 220, 221, 225 

Burk, John, 490 

Burke, Levi, 4 77 

Burn, Mary, 491 

Burney, Peter, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 462 

Bush, Capt. George, to Gen. Edward 
Hand, 355 ; mentioned, 135, 145, 

Bush, Major Lewis, 274 

Bush, Matthias, 442 

Butler, Col. William, 20S, 2S2, 2S3, 
288, 418 

Butler, Col. Zebulon in command of 
Fort at Wyoming, 133 ; Gen. Ed- 
ward Hand to, 354 ; mentioned, 353 

Bybiicker, John, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

Byrd, Major, 265 

Cadell, Thomas, to Thomas Wharton, 

Cake, Philip, 485 

Caldwell, Arthur, 485 

Caldwell, William, 470 

Caldwell, , 418 

Caleugh, , 469 

Cameron, Hon. Simon, 3S9 

Campbell, John, 443 

Campbell, Major , 273 

Candai, description of, 294 ; ment- 
ioned, 414 

Cander, Saban, 470 

Cann, Jo , 426 

Cape Henlopcn, named " Cornelius " 
by Capt. May, 3 ; mentioned. 9 

Cape May, named by Capt. May. 3 

Carbcry, Capt. Henry, wounded Aug. 
13, 1779. 146 

Carpenter, Samuel, William Penn to, 

Carr, Clark E., opinion of regarding 
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. 397 

Carr, David, 485 

Carson, Hon. Hampton L., Dutch and 
Swedish Settlements on the Dela- 
ware, by, 1 

" Catherine," Moravian immigrant 
ship, purchased in London, 230 ; list 
of colonists on, 1742, 230 ; sold, 23 1 

Catherine Town, description of, 292. 
293; mentioned, 2SS, 290, 291, 415 

Cayuga Laic, description of. 293 ; 
mentioned. 415 

Centenary of Abraham Lincoln's birth 
observed by The Historical Society 
of Penna.. 385, 496 

Chambers, Col. James. 273 



Chandler, Mary, 430 

Chemung, town of, taken by Maj.- 
Gen. Sullivan, 143, 144 ; mentioned, 
284, 285, 419 

Chukunut, 2S1 

Clark, William, 426 

Claypoole, James, 305 

CLIFTON, William, 379 

Cline, Theobald, 4S3 

Clinton, Gen. James, 279-282, 284, 
287, 302, 411 

Cobb, Samuel, 101 

Cocke, William, 465 

Codington, Joseph, 470 

Coleman, William, 343 

Coleman, ■ , 41S 

Connolly, Dr. John, commissioned by 
Lord Dunmore to enroll militia at 
Fort Pitt, 327, 331 ; in Westmore- 
land Co gaol, 331 ; informs Lord 
Dunmore of lands on the Ohio, 445 ; 
mentioned, 433 

Connor, Jefferies, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 2C7 

Continental Congress, Thomas Whar- 
ton writes of formation of, 433, 435, 
436, 437-439, 441 ; proceedings in, 
443, 446-48, 451 

Conway, Brigadier-Gen. Thomas, 2G3, 
275, 454, 457, 465, 471 

Conway, Capt. , 309 

Cook, Arth., 426 

Cook, Lieut. Thomas, sentenced by 
Court Martial, 274 

Cooper, Daniel, 478 

Cooper, John Kerlack, 476 

" Cornelius," see Cape Henlopen 

Cornish, Capt. Frank, of the ship 
" Simonds," 22S 

Correspondence of General Edward 
Hand, of the Continental Line, 
1779-1781, 353 

Corssen, Arondt, settlement on the 
Schuylkill by, G 

Cramp, John, Jr., 4S5 

Cresap, Capt. Michael, murder of In- 
dians by, 434, 435, 440 ; makes sur- 
veys, 435 

Croghan, Col. George, Thomas Whar- 
ton to, 322 ; treats with the In- 
dians, 440 ; writes concerning In- 
dians aiTalrs, 443 ; mentioned, 320, 
332, 435 

Crossan, Neat, 481 

Cummings, Capt. John Noble, 143 

CUMMINS, Elizabeth, 343 

Curry, Thomas, 379 

Curtiu, Hon. Andrew G., gives account 
of the writing of Lincoln's Gettys- 
burg Address, 3S7, 3SS 

Curtis, George William, quoted regard- 
ing Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, 

Curtis, Jo a , 426 

Daughty, James, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

David, Christian, 236, 23S 

Davis, Capt. Joseph, killed at Wyo- 
ming, April, 1779, 281 

Davis, Major William, 264 

Day, Brigade-Major, 275, 45S 

Dayton, Col. Elias, visits Bethlehem, 

Deans, Robert, 430, 431 

Dearborn, Col. Henry, sent to destroy 
Indian town, 414; return of, 4 IS 

De Haas, General John Philip, 129, 
272 * 

D'hart, Lieut.-Col. William, 458 

Dehurst, Gen., 471 

De la Levere, Col., 464 

Delamotte, Charles, arrives on ship 
" Simonds," 229 

De la War, Lord, credited with dis- 
covery of Delaware Bay, 3 

Delaicare, Act relating to the Penn 
title in, 499 

Delavsare River, Dutch and Swedish 
Settlements on, by Hon. Hampton 
L. Carson, 1 ; Dutch rule on. 1 ►>>'.>- 
1638, 1; 1655-1GC4, 17; Capt. Hen- 
drickson sails up in the " Onrust. - ' 
4 ; called South River, 17 ; Swedish 
rule on, 163S-1655, 7 

Delevall, Jo a , 420 

Denny, Thomas, Rev. Abraham Reineke 
holds service in house of. 99 

Denny, Gov. William, Gen. John 
Forbes to, announcing his capture 
of Fort Du Quesne, 97 

De Pool, Carolina. 4 77 

De Vrles, David Pieterssen, expedite a 
to the Delaware under. 5, 6 ; men- 
tioned, 11 

Diamond. Jacob, 482 

Dickey, Johu, 476 

Dickinson, J., 437 

Dickinson, Jonathan. Isaac Norris to, 

Dingas, John Matthias, 489 

Dingasey, Anna Catheriua, 4S9 

Disc, Jacob Ludwig, 481 

Dobson, J., 320 

Dobson, Joseph, 442 

Dove, David James, to Thomas Whar- 
ton, 251 

Downs, Michael. 490 

Draper, John William, quoted regard- 
ing Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, 



Drlscoll, Jeremiah, 482 

Dubois, Col. Lewis, 283 

Duekott, Thomas, 426 

Duff, John, 484 

Dunmore, Lord, commissions Dr. John 
Connolly to enroll militia at Fort 
Pitt, 327, 331 ; claims of, 327, 331, 
433, 434, 440; treats with the In- 
dians, 440, 442 ; motives of, in tak- 
ing up arms against the Indians, 
445; mentioned, 448 

Dutch and Swedish Settlements on 
the Delaware, by Hon. Hampton L. 
Carson, 1 

Dutch rule on the Delaware River. 
1600-1638, 1 ; 1655-1664, 17 ; West 
India Company incorporated, 4 ; 
expedition sent out under De Vries, 
5, 6; rights and privileges of 
settlers under, 6, 7 ; William Usse- 
lincx, projector of, 8 ; government 
In New Netherlands established by, 

Dyer, William, extract from will of, 

Easman, Elizabeth, 483 

Easton, Headquarters of Maj.-Gen. 
Sullivan at, 130, 131 ; William Par- 
sons, founder of, 340 ; extract of 
letter from Thomas Penn to Gov. 
Hamilton relating to founding of, 
340 ; surveyed, 1750, 340 

Easy, Edmund, 484 

Eckley, Sarah, extract from will of, 

EDMONDS, 253-255 

Edmonds, Col. William, Bible Records 
of, 253 

Edwards, Thomas, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Elgert, Anna Catherine. 47S 

Elgert, Catherine Elizabeth, 479 

Eller, Barbara, 477 


EVANS, Mary, 129 

Everett, Hon. Edward, address of at 
Gettysburg, 392, 395, 398 ; con- 
gratulated by Abraham Lincoln on 
address at Gettysburg, 392 ; opinion 
of, of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. 
393, 395-397 ; Abraham Lincoln to, 
397 ; mentioned, 380, 38S 

Everson, George, 260 

Ewing, John, Dr. John Morgan to. 

Eackenthal, Michael, Pension Applica- 
tion of, 255 
Falconer, John, 483 

Farling Major, 264, 463 
Fingar, Valentine, 488 
Finges, John Peter, 487 
Finges, John William, 487 
Fink, Jacob, 4S2 
Fink, Johann Adam, 476 
! Fire Engine, for Bethlehem, brought 
j over on the " Hope," 248 
j " First Sea Congregation," formed in 
Europe. 229 ; arrives at Pblla.. 
1742, 230 ; list of colonists in, 230 
Fishbourn, Ralph, 426 
Flintcreek, 297 
Foes, William, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 267 
Foglo, Catherin Barbara, 490 
Fogle, Freds 490 
Folch, Maria Elizabeth, 486 
Footman, R d , 449 

Forbes, Gen. John, Letters of, 1T5S, 
86; to David Ross, 86; to Richard 
Peters, 87, 91 ; to Gov. Horatio 
Sharp, 90; to Col. James Burd, 93; 
to Gov. William Denny, announcing 
the capture of Fort Du Quesue, 97 : 
Instructions of, to Major Joseph 
Shippen, 90 
I Ford, Lieut. Dennis, sentenced by 
j Court Martial, 462 
; Forrest, Col. Thomas, 141 
\ Fort Amsterdam, 6 
I Fort Bedford, Orders of Col. Henry 

Bouquet given at, 222 
! Fort Beversrede, 6 

; Fort Casimir, capture of by Swedes, 

12 ; recapture of by Dutch, 13 ; 

name of changed to New Atnstel, 

I 17 

I Fort Christina, capture of by Dutch. 

13, 14 ; mentioned, 9-11 
' Fort Du Quesne, account of capture 

of, 97 
; Fort Flsinqlorq, 11. 12 
| Fort Xassau, built by Cornelius Mey, 
4 ; destroyed by Peter Stuyvesant, 
• 12; mentioned, 4-6, 10, 11 
i Fort Oplandt, 5 
Fort Penn, 353, 354 
Fort Pitt, settlements near, 390 ; 
Thomas Wharton sends money for 
Indians at. 322, 332 ; order for 
inhabitants to assemble at, January, 
1774, 327 ; claimed by Lord Dun- 
more as part of Virginia, 327. 331 
-' Fort SuUivan, commanded by Col. 
I Shrievc, 2S2 ; demolished, 420 
! Foster, Thomas, Col. Henry Bouquet 

to, 226 
j Fowlo, Mary, 486 
> Frank, Moses, 442 



Franklin. Benjamin, charged with 
being proposer of the Stamp Act, 
335 ; death of Deborah, wife of, 
451 ; mentioned, 328, 330 

Franklin, Deborah, death of, 451 

Frauklin. Gov. William, correspondence 
of, with William Strahan, 447-449 

Fress. Jacob, 491 

Freymouth, John, 47S 

Frickaver, Simon, 490 

Friends' Meeting House, Second and 
Market Sts., extracts from accounts 
of building of, 250 ; at German- 
town, 375 

Fritzenger, Ernest, 479 

Fritzenger, Mary Elizabeth, 479 

Fritzinger, John, 479 

Fry, Gen. James B.. opinion of re- 
garding the writing of Lincoln's 
Gettysburg Address, 386 

Gage, Gen. Thomas,' 442, 449, 451 
Goghsiunga, description of, 297; 

mentioned, 296 
GagTisuguilahery, 301, 412 
Gr.nsevoort, Col. Peter, sent to Fort 

Stanwix, 414 
Garnets, George, 484 
GARRISON, Frederick, 345 
GARRISON, Johanna Grace, 345 
GARRISON. John Nicholas, 345 
GARRISON, Capt. Nicholas. 345 
GARRISON, Nicholas, Jr., 345 
Garrison, Capt. Nicholas, of the 
" Little Strength," 231 ; captured 
and landed at St. Sebastian, 1744, 
233 ; superintends building and put 
in command of the " Irene," 233, 
Garrison, Nicholas, Jr., master of the 

" Irene," 244 
Gcncsco, 299, 300 
Gensiunque, 414 
George, Robert, 476 
Georgia, Moravian grants in, 229 
German Families, list of. arriving at 

Philadelphia, 1758, 501 
Germane, Catherine Eliz% 488 
Gcrmantoxcn, a Bit of School History 
of, 374 ; accounts concerning build- 
ing stone meeting house at, 375 
Germantown Academy, note of, 366 
Gettysburg Address, The, When Writ- 
ten, How Received, Its True Form, 
by Major William H. Lambert, 385; 
manuscript of, 390, 391, 400 ; revi- 
sions of manuscript of, 401, 402 : 
testimonies of those who heard the 
address, 392-399 ; various versions 

of, 399-403; versions compared. 
403-408; reports of, by Commis- 
sioners of Mass., 400; in Philadel- 
phia Inquirer, 407 ; in Cincinnati 
Daily Gazette, 408 

Gibson, Hon. John, Mayor of Phila- 
delphia. Record of Servants and 
Apprentices Bound and Assigned 
before, 475 

Gill, Matthew, 100 

Gloucester, Col. Jeremiah Olney 
ordered to take command at, 356 

Goodson, John, William Penn tc, 32 6 

Gouldney, H., 431 

Graff, Johaun Gottlib, 482 

Grafmayer, John Godfred, 490 

Grant, Ulysses S., Abraham Lincoln 
to, 49S 

Grant, Major-Gen. , 463 

Gray, Elizabeth, 252 

Green, Isaac, 470 

Green, William, 483 

Greene, Major-Gen. Nathaniel. 259, 
263, 266, 276, 27S, 455, 45S, 4 72, 
! Growden, Joseph, 426 
j Gurney, Eliza P., Abraham Lincoln 
to, 498 

! Habach, Anna Eliza, 478 
i Hackett, John, 379 
j Hackett, Mary, 484 
j Hague, William, 314 
! Haines, Gen. 471 

Hall, Ann, 4S9 
: Hall, Thomas, 478 

Ilallert, Capt., 470 
j Hamber, Mehol r , sentenced by Court 

Martial, 267 
{ Hampton, William, William Penn to, 

! Ilau-jost, Indian Chief, killed Sep- 
tember 13, 1779, 412, 420; men- 
i tioned, 300, 301 

! Hand, Gen. Edward, Light Corps 

commanded by, under Major-Gen. 

Sullivan. 131-146; correspondence 

j of, 1779-1781. 353 ; to Major Daniel 

Burchardt, 353 ; to Col. Zebuicn 

Butler, 354; George Bush to. 355; 

to Col. Jeremiah Olney. 356 : to 

Col. Timothy Pickering, 356, 857 | 

mentioned, 2S2, 2S3, 2S6, 411. 416, 

, 420 

Hardy. William, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 267 
Barman, Michael, 4S6 
Harmar, Major Josiah. 271 
Harper, Brigade Major John, 205. 272 
Harris, John, extract from wlM c!. 



Hart, Charles Henry. Thomas Sully's 
Register of Portraits by, 22, 147 

Harten, Elizabeth, 233 

llarten, George, 233 

Hartley, Col. Thomas, attacked by 
the savages, 13S ; mentioned, 130, 

Hartman, Elizabeth Margaret, 4S6 

Hartman, Henry, 4S0 

Hartranfth, Leonard, 4S8 

Haskins, Rev. Thomas, Rev. F. Asbury 
to, 503 

Hay, John, manuscript of the Gettys- 
burg Address in possession of family 
of, 390 ; comparison of same with 
Nicolay manuscript, 391, 400 

Hay. Major, 259 

Hayley, Daniel, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

Heath, Major. 276 

Hehlman. Sophia, 476 

Heits, John, 489 

HeliTrr, Eve Catherine. 486 

Helfrigen, Catherine E 3 , 490 

Helm an, Eliza Catherine, 479 

Henderson. Alexander, sentenced by 
Court Martial, 267 

Hendricks, Col. James, 265 

Hendrickson, Capt.. sails from Amster- 
dam and ascends Delaware River, 
3. 4 

Hc-nrickson, Peter. 491 

Henry, Patrick, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 274 

Herrenbom, John, 99 

Herter, Charles, 4S7 

Hesselius, Gustavus, 99 

Hetncot, G., 317 

Historical Society of Penna. com- 
memoration of Centenary of Lin- 
coln's birth by. 3S5, 490; exhibit of 
Lincoln relics at Hall of, 496; 
officers of. 513 


HocrTner-Siirer Notes, 380 

Hoffman, see also Hopmann 

Hoffman, Catherine, 100 

Hoffman. Nicholas, 100 

Hogg. Sam, 465 

Hollander, Peter, Governor of New 
Sweden, 9 

Hollen, James, 485 

Holme, Thomas, William Penn to, 303 ; 
William Markham to, 375 

Holmes, George, 6 

Holstein, Andreas, 100 

Holtz. John, 4S0 

Hood, Thomas, 4S8 

" Hope," Moravian Immigrant ship, 
built at New Haven, 1760, 247 ; 

lists of colonists on, 1761 and 1703, 
247, 24S; first fire engine for Beth- 
lehem brought over on, 24S ; men- 
tioned, 230 
' Hopraan, John, 101 
1 Hopmann, see also Hoffman 
! Hopmann, A., 99 
I Hopmann, Catherine, 101 
j Hopmann, Nicholas, 101 
| HORSFIELD, Charles Cooper, 346 
; HORSFIELD, Juliana Sarah, 345 
j HORSFIELD, Rebecca, 345 
• HORSFIELD, Thomas, 345 
! HORSFIELD, Timothy, 345 
1 HORSFIELD, Timothy, Jr., 345 
; HORSFIELD, William, 345 
' HORSFIELD, Timothy, 233, 343 
| Hortraan, Philip, 47S 
i House, John Peter, 4S2 
Huber, Anthony, 4S1 
Huber, Joanna Mira, 481 
| Huber, Joanna Teresa, 481 
j Huber, Paul, 481 
! HURLEY, Col. Adam, Jr., 129 
HUBLEY, Mary Evans, 129 
HUBLEY, Michael, 129 
HUBLEY, Rosina, 129 
Hubley, Adam, Jr., Lt. Col. Comdt. 
11th Penna. Regt., His Journal, 
commencing at Wyoming, July 30, 
1779, by John W. Jordan, 129, 27S. 
409 ; Sketch of, 129 ; signer of 
Bills of Credit of Penna., 129; 
military record of, 129, 130 ; ap- 
pointed Lieut, of Lancaster County, 
130 ; serves in Assembly and Senate. 
130 ; dies of yellow fever, 130 ; 
Journal of in possession of the 
Historical Society of Penna., 130 ; 
Washington to, 139 ; Regiment of. 
order of March to Tioga, Sept. 15, 
1779, 411; mentioned. 259 
Hubner, Frederica Regina. 4S3 
Hudson, Henry, visits Delaware Ray, 

1C09, 2 ; mentioned. 3 
Hughes, John, Travelling Expenses of 
a visit to New York, Staten Island 
and Long Island, 1757, 119 
Hughes, John, to Thomas Whartjn, 

Hulings, Marcus, leases a tract of 
land in Manatawny Township, 1723. 
Huston, Adjt. William, wounded Aug. 

13, 1779, 146 
Hyer, Jacob, 4 SO 
Hymen, Mary. 479 

Indian War Bills. 1756. 252 ; Inscrip- 
tions on trees, 293 ; settlements 
destroyed by Col. Hubley's Regi- 
ment, 410, 411 



Indians at Fort Pitt, Thomas Whar- 
ton sends money for, 322, 332 ; 
tract of land purchased from, by 
James Hamilton, William Allen and 
others, 332 ; murder of, by Cresap 
and Baker, 434, 435 : treaties with 
at Fort Pitt, 440, 441 ; Col. George 
Croghan writes to Thomas Wharton 
regarding affairs of, 443 

Ingham, Benjamin, arrives on ship 
" Simonds," 229 

" Irene," Moravian immigrant ship, 
230; built on Staten Island, 174S, 
234 ; John Nitschmann Colony 
arrives on, 1749, 236; lists of colo- 
nists on, 236-244 ; brings first steam 
engine to the Colonies, 241 ; cap- 
tured by a French privateer, 1757, 
244 ; account of capture and wreck 
of, by Schoute, 245 

Irwin, John, 432, 434 

Issard, Samuel, 101 

" Jacob," list of Moravian colonists 
on, 234 

Jacobsen, Christian, master of the ! 
" Irene," 244 

Jacquet, John Paul, appointed Vice 
Director of New Amsterdam, 17 

James, Abel, 450 

James, James, bill for mahogany fur- 
niture bought of, by Thomas Whar- 
ton, 306 

Jenings, Samuel, 316 

Jenisie town and river, description ; 
of, 409, 410 

Jenkins, William, 426 

John, Richard, 426 

" John Galley," snow, arrives at '■ 
Lewes with Moravian colonists, 234 ; 
list of colonists on, 235 

Johnson, Abraham, 101 

Johnson, Major James, 460 

Johnson, John, Rev. Abraham Reincke 
entertained by, 99 

Johnson, Joseph, 101 

Johnson, Sir William, death of, 440 

Johnston, Col. Francis, presides at 
meeting of Officers of the Penna. 
Line to appoint agents for the Pay- j 
master-General, 357 

Jolly, Lieut. Mayberry, sentenced by 
Court Martial, 275 

Jones, Ellis, Copy of Warrant of, 
16S4, 253 

Jones, Francis, 428 

Jones, Griff, 426 

Jones, Lieut. William, killed at Wyo- 
ming, April, 1779, 281 

Jongerbloed, Clary, 486 

Jordan, Helen, Selections from the 
Military Correspondence of Co!. 
Henry Bouquet, 1756-1764, by, 102, 

Jordan, John W., Adam Hubley, Jr., 
L«. Col. Com 1 '. 11* Penna Reg-.. 
His Journal, commencing at Wyo- 
ming, July 30, 1779, by. 129, 279, 
409 ; Moravian Immigration to 
Pennsylvania. 1734-1705. by, 228 ; 
William Parsons, Surveyor-Gen- 
eral and Founder of Easton, Penna., 
by, 340 

Jung, Elizabeth, 4S8 

Kaltwasser, Johann Philip, 477 

Kanadalaaqua, description of. 298 

Kanadasaga, description of, 290; men- 
tioned, 296, 414, 416 

Kanadsaqua Lake, 413. 418 

Kanaghsas, 300, 301, 412 

Kanaicaluhary , 416 

Katherine'3 Town, 415 

Keely, Lieut. , sentenced by Court 

Martial. 402 

Keen, Catherine, 101 

Keen, Eric, 100, 101 

Keen, George, Rev. Abraham Reincke 
holds service in house of, 101 ; men- 
tioned, 100 

Keller, Peter, 482 

Kent, Thomas, 430 

Kerchner, George, 477 

Kershaw, Jacob Lndwick. 481 

Keylhauver, Martin, 479 

Keyuts, Ealtzar, 4SS 

Keyuto, Henry, 488 

Kimball, Capt. Benjamin. killed 
August 23, 1779, 282 

King, Hon. Horatio, 388 

King, John, sentenced by Court Mar- 
tial, 459 

Kirkpatrick. Major , 200 

Kisler, George, 4S9 

Kledi, Jacob, 4S8 

Knobloch, John George, 47S 

Knox, Major-Gen. Henry. 469 

Knox, Thomas, 4S5 

Koentzin, Johann Martin. 479 

Konckerl, Anna Margaret, 4S9 

Lackaicanna River, 134 

Lambach, Conrad, 4S0 

Lambert, Major William H, The Get- 
tysburg Address. When Written, 
'How Received, Its True Form, by 

Lamon, Ward H.. opinion of ia to 
how Lincoln's Gettysburg Address 
was received, 395, 396: quoted re- 



garding same, 3S9 ; opinion of 
Lincoln regarding his Gettysburg 
Address quoted by, 395 

Lander, Capt. Francis, query regard- 
ing, 124 

Laycocke, EL, to Thomas 'Wharton, 

Leary, William, wounded at Paoll, 130 

Lederigh, Nicholas, 491 

Lee, Major Harry T., opinion of re- 
garding Lincoln's Gettysburg Ad- 
dress, 392 

Levers, Mary, 4S2 

Levy, Michael, 4S8 

Lewis, Mrs. Sally Fisher, collection of 
manuscripts belonging to Thomas 
Wharton, presented by, 319 

Lewis, Col. , 458 

Leyfer, Maria Elizabeth, 477 

Lincoln, Abraham, Address of at Get- 
tysburg, by Major William II. Lam- 
bert, 385 ; opinions of how, when 
and where the Gettysburg Address 
was written by, 386-3S9 ; congratu- 
lated by Edward Everett on Gettys- 
burg Address, 393 ; to Edward 
Everett, 397 ; Centenary of birth of, 
observed by The Historical Society 
of Penna., 496 ; relics of exhibited 
at The Historical Society of Penna., 
496; to Ulysses S. Grant, 498; to 
Eliza P. Gurney, 49S 

Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin, 259, 454, 459. 
464, 472, 474 

" Little Strength," Moravian immi- 
grant ship, 230; purchased for 
Second Sea Congregation, 231 ; lists 
of colonists on, 1743, 232 ; cap- 
tured by a privateer, 1744, 233 

Livezey, Thomas, to Thomas Wharton. 

Livingston, Lieut. Henry, 272 

Lloyd, David, letter of recommendation 
of, from William Penn to the Pro- 
vincial Councillors, 303-304 ; men- 
tioned, 424 

Lloyd, Thomas, William Penn to, 303 ; 
mentioned, 311, 425, 426 

Lockinlus, Rev. Laurentius, 20 


Logan, James, to Hannah Penn, 347 ; 
opinion of, on certain Land Titles 
in Penna., 1734, 361 ; to David 
Powell, 363; letters of William 
Aubrey to James Steel with power 
to settle account with, 368 

Lomagne, Major, 3f)3 

Longebin, Jno. Zakerias, 477 

Looks, Catherine. 480 

Louks, Juliana, 4 SO 

Lowry, John, sentenced by Court Mar- 
tial, 459 
Luger, Christopher, 4S0 
Lyell, John Ulrick, 482 

McClanachan, Col. Alexander, 271 

McCreary, Mary, 486 

McDaniel, Edmond. 478 

McDonald, Coll. 479 

McDonald, Hugh, 482 

McElroy, Anthony, bill of for Ameri- 
can China sold to Thomas Wharton, 


McKee, Capt. Alexander, treats with 
the Indians, 440 

McKee, John, 479 

McKenzie, James, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 207 

McMannis, Michael, 477 

MePherson, Hon. Edward, 38S 

McPIKE and PIKE, 3S1 

Mcl'ikc, Eugene F., 381 

Malcolm, John, Thomas Wharton pur- 
chases house of, 320 

Maldrom, Margaret, 4S4 

Malmady, Col. Francis, Marquis do, 

Manataicny Township, Marcus Hulings 
leases a tract of land in, 1723, 370 

Markham, William, William Penn to, 
303, 316 ; to Thomas Holme, 375 ; 
mentioned. 313. 315. 426 

Marshall, Col. Thomas, president of 
Court Martial, 462, 469 

Martin, Mary, 483 

Martin, Col. , 463 

Massachusetts, Commissioners report 
of, on Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, 
394, 400. 406 

Massasppe, 137 

Matthews. Col. George, 20S 

Matzenbachcr, Johan Adam, 4S4 

Maxfield, William, 4S2 

Maxwell, Gen. William visits Bcthle- 
hem and accompanies Lady Wash- 
ington en route to Mount Vernon, 
130 ; Brigade of, under Maj.-Gen. 
Sullivan, 131-146: mentioned. 264, 
268, 2S4, 2S7, 302. 411, 45.\ 4' 7, 
460, 409. 471 

Maxzeymour, Elizabeth, 48S 

Maxzeymour, John William, 4>S 

Maxzuymour. Henry Adam, 491 

Medical Graduates of the University 
of Penna., of whom information is 
desired. 122, 381, 506 

Meigs, Col. Return Jonathan. 268 
tfentges, Col. Francts, Gov. Arthur St 
Clair to. BOO 



Mey, Capt. Cornelius, sails to mouth ! 
of the Delaware, 3 ; names Capes 
Henlopen and May, 3 ; builds Fort 
Nassau, 4 ; first settlement on the ; 
Delaware by, 4 

Meyer, Adolph, wife of, dies at sea, 

Meyer, Anna Margaret, 491 

Meyer, John William, 480 

Meyer, Maria Catherine, 491 

Meyer, Maria Dorothea, dies at sea, 

Meyer, Maria Elizabeth, 489 

Meyers, Denis, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Miehell, Barnard, 487 

Micklen, Mary, 478 

Miffet, Johan Henry, 491 

Mifflin, Charles, School Bill of, 365 ; 
mentioned, 366 

Mifflin, Col. Thomas, 470, 473 

Miles, query regarding, 124 

Miller, Anna Maria, 486 

Miller, Charles, 489 

Miller, Daniel, 480 

Miller, John, 480 

Miller, John Phillips, 477 

Miller, Maria Catherine, 482 

Miller, Robert, quoted regarding Lin- 
coln's Gettysburg Address, 393 

Minuit, Peter, chosen Director of 
Dutch West India Company in New 
Netherlands, 8 ; removal of in 1633, 
9 ; establishes a Swedish colony on 
the Delaware, 9 

Moravian Immigration to Pennsylva- 
nia, 17S4-17G5, by John W. Jordan, 

Moravian colonists, lists of, 228-248 

Moravian immigration reviewed by 
Bishop Spangenburg, 248 

Moravians, grants of, in Georgia, 229 

Morgan, Col. Daniel, 264, 471 

Morgan, Evan, 343 

Morgan, G., 320 

Morgan. George, to Thomas Wharton, 
251 ; mentioned, 326 

Morgan, Dr. John, to John Ewing, 502 

Morrell, Major , 272, 469 

Mowry, William Augustus, opinion of 
as to when and where Lincoln's 
Gettysburg Address was written, 

Mubryan, Eleanor, 480 

MUHLENBERG, Rev. FI. M. f 257 

MUHLENBERG, John Peter Gabriel, 

MuhlenLerg, Gen. John Peter Gabriel, 
Orderly Book of, 1777, 257, 454 ; 
biographical sketch of, 257 ; orders 

of Washington to, 261-203 ; men- 
tioned, 457, 458, 460, 464, 471 

Murphy, Thomas, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 267 

Murphy, , 301 

Myers, Lieut. Christopher, court-mar- 
tialed, 455 

Nannetter, Jacob, 487 

Nazareth, Moravian Colony at, 231 

Neave, R J , 439 

Negro Slave, Appraisement of, 1752. 

Nelson, Lieut.-Col. William, 463 
Neubert, Daniel, 99 
Nevel, James, 314 
New Amstcl, 17, 18, 19 
New Gottenburg, 10, 17 
New Netherlands, settlement of Eng- 
lish in, under George Holmes, 6 ; 
government in, established by Dutch 
West India Company. 8 
Newman, Richard, 489 
I Neic-toicn, 413 
I Nicholas, Major George, 455 

Nicholson, Gov. Sir Francis, 42S 
j Nicholson, Col. John F.. 390 
I Nicholson, William, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 459 
I Nickerson, Major Azor H., quoted re- 
garding Lincoln's Gettysburg Ad- 
dress, 393 
! Nicolay, John G., opinion of as to 
when and where Lincoln's Gettys- 
burg Address was written, 3S7, 390 ; 
quoted regarding same, 39S 
! Nicolay manuscript of Lincoln's Get- 
tysburg Address compared with Hay 
manuscript, 391, 400 
j Nitschmann, Bishop David, passenger 
en " Little Strength," captured by a 
privateer, 233 
, Nitschmann, John, colony of, arrives, 

1749, 236 
} N'orris, Isaac, on Pirates, 1699, 373, 
374 ; to Jonathan Dickinson, 373 
North, Col. Caleb, 275 
Sorthampton County, erection of, 1752, 
I 340 
I Notes and Queries, 118, 249, 361. 496 

j Oatwain, Wamert, 4S2 
| 0"Coner, 309 
Othcers of The Historical Society of 

Penna., 513 
Ogden, Col. Matthias, 2S3. 2S7, 45S 
Oglethorpe, Gen. J nines Edward, ar- 
rives on ship " Simonda," 2-9 
OTIara, Bryan, bili and letter of, to 
Thomas Wharton, 367 



Olden, Col., 282 

Oliver, James, 4S1 

OIney. Col. Jeremiah. Gen. Edward 
ITand to. ordering him to take com- 
mand at Gloucester, 356 

" Onrust *' or Restless, first ship built 
on American soil. 3 ; Capt. riendrick- 
son sails in up the Delaware, 4 

Orbel, John Frederic, 491 

Orderly Book of Gen. John Peter 
Gabriel Muhlenberg, 1777, 257, 454 

Osterdaugh, Yost Wilhelin, 478 

Ottendorf, Major Nicholas Dietrich, 
Baronde, 2C7, 464 

Ourr, Chr.. 470 

Owen. Grif., 426 

Oxford Furnace, X. J., 1764, 379 

Parker, Lieut.-Col. Richard, 465 
Parr, Major James, sent to destroy 
Indian towns and corn, 414 ; men- 
tioned, 282, 283, 2S6 

PARSONS, Ann Mary. 344 

PARSONS, Hannah. 344 

PARSONS, Johanna. 343 

PARSONS, Johanna Grace, 345 

PARSONS, Juliana Sarah, 345 

PARSONS, Robert, 344 

PARSONS, Susanna, 344 

PARSONS, William, 343 

Parsons, William. Surveyor-General and 
Founder of Easton, Penna., by John 
W, Jordan, 340 ; biographical sketch 
of, 340-344; Librarian of City 
Library, 340 ; Surveyor-General of 
the Province of Penna., 340 ; suc- 
ceeded by Nicholas Scull, 341 ; re- 
moves to Lancaster, 341 ; removes 
to Easton, 341 ; holds public offices 
in Lancaster and Northampton 
Counties, 341 ; military record of. 
341 ; unites with the Moravian 
Church, 342 ; residence of in Easton, 
342 ; will of, 343 ; genealogical 
sketch of, 343 

Parsons, General Samuel Holden, 265 

" Parsons Papers," in Manuscript 
Department, Historical Society of 
Penna., 346 


Patterson, Col. Alexander, 353 

Patterson, Murdock, 477 

Patterson, query regarding, 124 

Payne, Anthony, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 459 

Payton, Col., 460 

Peddle, George, 485 

Peers, Major Valentine, 259, 270, 273, 

Penn, Aubrey, 430, 431 

Penn, Christiana Gulielma, list of fur- 
niture left to, 507 
Penn, Dennis, 429 

Peun, Hannah, James Logan to, 347 ; 
to Thomas Penn, 429 ; letter of, 
giving account of William Penn's 
illness, 431 

| Penn, John, 430 
Penn, Richard, 429 

Penn, Thomas, extract of a letter to 
Gov. Hamilton from, relating to 
founding of Easton, 340 ; Hannah 
Penn to, 429 ; some silver plate of, 

Penn, William, Letters of, 303, 423 ; 
to Thomas Lloyd, Thomas Holme, 
William Markham, and William 
Hampton, 303 ; to Provincial Coun- 
cillors of Penna., 303-310, 423-420, 
42S ; to Robert Turner, 310, 420 ; 
to Capt. John Blackwell, 311 ; to 
William Markham, Robert Turner, 
John Goodson and Samuel Car- 
penter, S16 ; account of illness of, 

Penn title in Delaware, Act relating 
to, 499 

Pennsylvania Gleanings in England, 
by Lothrop Withington, 492 

Pennsylvania Hospital, Thomas Whar- 
ton writes to Thomas Walpole con- 
corning, 452 

Pepfher, Catherine, 477 

Perrin, Edward, extract from will of, 

Peters, Arnold, 478 

Feters, Richard, Gen. John Forbes to, 
87, 91 ; Col. Henry Bouquet to, 109, 
216, 224, 220 

Petersen, Lucas, 101 

Petition of Citizens of Wilmington, 
Del., for improved road to PLila., 

Pezold, Gottlieb, in charge of a Mora- 
vian colony of single men, 243 

Pfeifer, Christian Eliz«, 488 

Pfeifer, Maria Elizabeth, 4S8 

Phille, John, sent by William Penn to 
take charge of affairs, 316 

Pickering, Col. Tiaiothy, Gen. Edward 
Hand to, 356. 357 

Pierce, Col. William, visits Bethlehem, 

Pifer, Anna Elizabeth. 490 

Pifer, John Jacob, 487 

Pirates, Isaac Norris on, 1699, 373, 

Fister, Gotfried, 489 

Pittle, Joseph. 470 

Pleifer, John George. 4S1 


Poor, Gen. Enoch, visits Bethlehem 
and accompanies Lady Washington 
en route to Mount Vernon, 130 ; 
Brigade of, under Maj.-Gen. Sulli- 
van^ 131-146; mentioned, 2S0-2S2, 
284, 2S7, 302, 411 

Poore, Ben Perley, opinion of as to 
when and where Lincoln's Gettys- 
burg Address was written, 3SS 

Pouls, Catherine, 4S1 

Powell, David, to James Logan, 363 

Powell, Peter, 480 

Prendergast, Thomas, 4S7 

Printz, John, Governor of New 
Sweden, 10 ; erects fort on Tini- 
cum Island, 10 ; erects Fort Elsing- 
borg, 11 ; mentioned, 12 ; first judge 
in the Colonies, 15 

Privateer captures " Little Strength " 
and passengers, 233 

Proctor, Col. Thomas, 2S2, 2ST, 419 

Provincial Councillors of Penna., 
William Penn to, 303-310 

Prugel, Elizabeth, 476 

Quebec, Battle of, 217, 219, 220; 
establishment of government at, 
opposed by Colonies, 441, 444 ; ar- 
rival of Lord Pitt at, 450 
Queen Esther's Palace, 143 
Quialulimunk, description of, 135 

Rabjohn, John, 483 

Ranibo, Peter, Rev. Abraham Reincke 

entertained by, 99 
Rasor, Christian, 4S0 
Rasor, Elizabeth, 4S0 
Rauch, Christian Henry arrives at 

New York, 229 
Rawle, B„ 449 

Rawle, Margaret, death of, 429 
Record of Servants and Apprentices 

Bound and Assigned before Hon. 

John Gibson, 1772-1773, 475 
Reed, President Joseph, 421 
Regan, Lott, 490 
Reily, James, 487 
Reincke, Rev. Abraham, Journal of a 

visit among the Swedes of West 

Jersey, 1745, by, 99 ; biographical 

sketch of, 99 
Remp, Jacob Henry, 477 
" Restless," see " Onrust " 
Reynell, J., 449 
Richardson, Samuel, copy of the will 

of, 371 
Richardson, Samuel, 426 
Ricbardson, Thomas, 450 
Rlchesou, Major Holt, 460 
Rise, Ann Catherine, 480 

Roberts, John, 4S2 

Robertson. Lieut. Tolly, sentenced by 

Court Martial. 462 
| ROGERS. Ann Mary, 344 
I ROGERS, Rev. Jacob. 342, 344 
I ROGERS. Johanna Salome, 345 
Rogers, Rev. William, Masonic address 
delivered by, 281 ; mentioned, 279 
Romp, Johannes, 476 
Rony, Weynand, 477 
| Ross, David, Gen. John Forbes to, 86 
j Ross, James, to Gov. Arthur St. Clair 

I Rotenbergh, Feter, 4S0 
j Rowe, Capt. Jesse, sentenced by Court 

Martial, 469 
| Ruple, John George, 481 
; Ryan, Major Michael, 258, 204, 271 
Rysingh, John Claude, takes Fort 
Casimir, 12 ; surrenders Forts 
Casimir and Christina, 13, 14 ; 
cause of fall of Swedish rule in 
America, 15 

St. Clair, Gov. Artbur, to Col. Mcnt- 
ges, 500 ; James Ross to, 500 

Saltes, Maria, 476 

Samolt, Lena, 480 

Samuel, J., 450 

Sanders, John, George Smith conveys 
land to, 255 

Saneftien, Elizabeth, 4S3 

Sassoonan, see Allummapees 

Savannah, list of Moravian immi- 
grants landing at, 1736, 228 

Sayres, Lieut.-Col. John, 45S 

Sayton, Col. , 276 

Saxby, John, 303 

Scanlan, Ann, 486, 488 

Schenediffer, Adam, 490 

ScheneditTer, Anna Maria, 490 

Schenediffer, Dorothea, 4S9 

Schenediffer. Hans George. 4S9 

Schlosser, Capt. George, Col. Henry 
Bouquet to, 222 


Schnell, Johan Tyce, 4S2 

School Bill of Charles Mifilin. 305 

Schott, Capt. John Paul, corps of, 
commanded by Capt. Anthony Selin, 

Schoulgas, Andrew, 479 

Schoulgas, Catherine. 476 

Schoulgas, Conrad, 479 

Schoulgas, Henry, 479 

Schoulgas, Mandelena. 479 

Schoulgas, Peter, 477 

Schoute, Andrew, account of capture 
and wreck of the " Irene," by. 24.". 



S:ott, Gen. Charles, 205, 270, 457. 
40.3, 471 

Scoup, Henry, 470 

" Sea Congregations," First and Sec- 
ond. 220, 230, 231 

Seayres, see Say res 

" Second Sea Congregation " formed 
in Europe, 229 ; sails on the 
-Little Strength," 231 ; 'arrives in 
X. Y.. 1743, 232 ; list of colonists 
in, 231 

Seibell, Maria Elizabeth, 4S5 

Seldon, Samuel, 405 

Selections from the Military Corre- 
spondence of Col. Henry Bouquet, 
1750-1704, by Helen Jordan, 102. 

Selections from the Letter-Books of 
Thomas Wharton of Philadelphia. 
1773-1 7S3, 319-339 

Selin, Capt. Anthony, 353 

Seneca Lake, description of, 292. 293 : 
mentioned, 414 

Senseman, Joachim, accompanies Rev. 
Abraham Reineke on a visit to West 
Jersey; 93 

Seward. William EL, opinion of re- 
garding Lincoln's Gettysburg Ad- 
dress, 395 

Sewell. Philip, 4S8 

Sex; Barbara, 477 

Shaddock, William, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 402 

Shafer, Adam, 490 

Shaffer, Catherine, 4S4 

Sharp, Gov. Horatio, Gen. John Forbes 
to, 90 

Shearer, Jacob, 490 

Suends, Col. Banron, 409 

ShcshecununcTc V alley, description of, 
140 ; encampment of Western Ex- 
pedition under Sullivan, 141 

Saiekell. Mary, 4S4 

Shippen. Edward, Instructions for, 
from Col. Bouquet, 102 ; Col. Henry 
Bouquet to, 107, 10S, 111-113, 115, 

Shippen, Major Joseph, Instruction of 
Gen. Forbes to, for marching to 
Fort Augusta, Lancaster and Car- 
lisle, 90 

S HOCKLEY, 377-379 

Short, William, 490 

Shot, method of making, 225 

Shrieve, Col. Israel, takes command of 
Fort Sullivan, 2S2 ; mentioned, 419 

Shuler, Henry, 478 

Sickfreid, JohD, 483 

Siddons, Mary, to Thomas Wharton, 

" Simonds," Immigrant ship, list of 
passengers on, 1730, 228 

Skinner, William, 481 

Sieving, William, 484 

Smith, Ballard, 405 

Smith, Benjamin. 485 

Smith, Rev. Frederick and wife arrive 
on Moravian ship " Hope," 248 

Smith, George, conveys land to John 
Sanders, 255 

Smith, John, sentenced by Court Mar- 
tial, 402 

Smith, John, 4S0 

Smith, Lieut. Matthew, 259, 203 

Smith, Peter, sentenced by Court Mar- 
tial, 207 

Smith, William, 4S1 

Smith, Brigade Major, 454 

Smith, Col. , sent to destroy In- 
dian village,- 414 

SNOW, 379 

Snow Genealogical Notes, 379 

Sonman, Anna Margaret, 480 

South River, see Delaware River 

Spain, alliance with, celebrated by 
army of Gen. Sullivan, Sept. 25, 
1779, 416 

Spangenburg, Bishop A. G., arrives on 
the " Two Brothers," 1735, 22Sj 
interview of Gov. Hamilton with, 
235 ; Moravian immigration re- 
viewed by, 24S 

Spencer, Col. Oliver, 455 

Spider, John Jacob, 487 

Spotswood, Col. Alexander, 200, 207 

SPROGEL, John Henry, 343 

SPROGEL, Ludwig Christian, 343 

SPROGEL, Salome Margaret. 343 

Stach, Matthew, 230. 238 

Stach, Rosina, 230, 23S 

Standinp Stone Valley, description of. 
139 ; encampment of Western Ex- 
pedition in, 140 

Steam Engine. first in Colonies, 
brought over in the " Irene,'* 241 

Steel, James, William Aubrey to, SOS ; 
to Thomas Story, 309 

Steel, James, Household Bills of, 121 

Steinhaur, Frederick, 481 

Stephen, Major General Adam, 4." 5. 
4G0, 409, 472, 474 

Stephens, Col. E , 454 

Stevens, Gen. Edward, 400 

Stevens, William, 4S4 

Stewart, Charles, to Major-Gen. John 
Sullivan, describing proper plMM 
for encampment on the march from 
Wyoming to Tioga, 35S-300 

Still, Abraham, sentenced by Court 
Martial. 4:»9 



Stilling. Andrew, 4S7 

Stirling-, Maj.-Gen. William Alexander, 
Lord, 454, 458, 465, 472, 474 

Stock-dale, William, 426 

Stokes, Hozekiah, 455 

Stoll, Adam, 4S9 

Story, Robert, sentenced by Court 
Martial, 207 

Story, Thomas, James Steel to, 309 

Strahan, William, correspondence of 
Gov. William Franklin with, 447- 
449 ; mentioned, 453 

Strautz, John, 478 

Stroud, Col, Jacob, 353, 354 

STUMPF, Rosina, 129 

Sturgeon, John, 4S1 

Stuyvesant, 1'eter, Director of New 
Amsterdam, 12 ; captures Swedish 
Forts on the Delaware, 12-15 ; men- 
tioned, 20 

Sullivan, Honor, 489 

Sullivan, Maj.-Gen. John, Headquar- 
ters of at Easton, 130 ; visits Beth- 
lehem and accompanies Lady Wash- 
ington en route to Mount Vernon, 
130 ; Western Expedition commanded 
by, 131-140 ; order of march, 132 ; 
line of march from Wyoming to 
Tioga, 134-146 ; takes town of 
Chemung, 144 ; address of to the 
Army, August 30, 1779, 2S9 ; Charles 
Stewart to, describing proper places 
for encampment on the march from 
Wyoming to Tioga, 35S-300 ; army 
of, celebrates alliance with Spain, 
Sept. 25, 1779, 410 ; mentioned, 
287, 288, 297, 415 

Sully, Thomas, Register of Portraits 
of, by Charles Henry Hart, 22, 147 ; 
list of Portraits painted by, 22-85, 
147-215 ; Paints portraits of : 

Dodson; Mr., 22 

Donaldson, Mrs. (James Laury), 

Donnelly, Mrs., 22 
Dorsen, Mr. & Son, 22 
Dorsey, Dr. (John Syng), 22 
Dorsey, Mrs. Dr., 22 
Dorsey, Mrs., 22 
Dougan, Joseph, 23 
Dougan, Miss, 23 
Dougan, Mrs., 23 
Douglass, Miss, 23 
Douglass, Miss M., 23 
Douglass Saml., 23 
Downing, Mary, 23 
Downing, Mrs. (John W.), 23 
Drayton, Mr., 23 
Drayton, Mr., Jr., 23 


Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 
Drayton, Percival, 23 
Drayton, Capt. Percival, 24 
Drew, Mrs. John, 24 
Drinker, Miss (Anna), 24 
Duane, Mrs. Deborah, 24 
Duane, William (John), 24 
Duffield, Miss, 24 
Dugan. Cumberland, 24 
Dugan, Mrs., 24 
Dumont, Mr., 24 
Dunaut, Miss Rebecca, 24 
Duncan, Mr., 24 
Dunglison, Dr. (Robley), 24 
Dunlap, Mrs., 25 
Dunlop, Anne, 25 
Dunsmure, L, 25 
Duponceau, Mr. (Peter Stephen), 

Dupont, Mr., 25 
Dupont, Mr. (Charles Irenee), 

Dupont, Mrs. (Charles Irenee), 


Duval. Mr., 25 

Duval. Mrs., 25 

Dwight, Mr., 25 

Dwyer, Mr., 25 

Earley or Earely, Mr., 26 
Earley, Mr?., 26 
Earp, Miss, 26 
Eastman. Miss, 26 
Edds. Mrs.. 26 
Ege. Mr., 26 
Elfrlth, Mrs., 26 
Elliott. Miss. 26 
Elliott, Miss Ann, 26 
Elliott, Miss Mary, 26 
Elliott. Mr.. 26 
Ellis. Mr. T. H., 26 
• Elllss, Mrs. T. H., 26 
Ellis. Mrs.. 26 

Ellis, Powhatan, 26 

Ellison, Mrs., 27 

Elwin or Elwyn, Alfred (Lang- 
don), 27 

Emlin or Emlen, Dr. (Samuel), 

Erskine. Lady, 27 

Espy,' Mr., 27 

Etherase. Miss Caroline, 27 

Etting, Miss, 27 

Etting. Mrs. S., 27 

Eugenie, Empress, 23 

Ewen or Ewing, Mr. (Robert), 

Ewen or Ewing, Mrs. (Robert), 

Eyre. Mr., 28 

' : 



Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 

Fairman, George, 28 

Fairrnan, Gedion (Col. Gideon), 
28, 212 

Fairman, George & Caroline, 28 

Falcon, Mr., 28 

Farely or Fairlie, Mrs. (James), 

Farlow, Mrs., 28 

Farr, Miss, 2S 

Farren. Miss, 2S 

Farr en, Miss ( Elizabeth \ 29 

Finley, John, 29 

Firth, Mr., 29 

Fisher, Charles Henry, 29 

Fisher, James, 29 

Fisher, Sidney George, 29 

Fisher (Elizabeth), 29 

Fisher ( Sophia ), 29 

Fisher, James, 29 

Fisher, Mrs. James, 29 

Fisher, James C, 29 

Fisber, Mrs. James C, 30 

Fisher, Joseph, 30 

Fisher, lied wood, 30 

Fisber, William, 30 

Fitzchue or Fitzbugh, Mr. (Wil- 
liam Henry), 30 

Fitzgerald, H., 30 

Fitzgerald, Miss Maud, 30 

Fitzgerald, Mr., 30 

Fitzgerald, Mrs., 30, 31 

Fitzgerald, Riter, 31 

Fitzgerald, Robert & Gilbert, 31 

Fitzhue or Fitzhugh, Mr., 31 

Fitzhue or Firzhugb, Mrs., 31 

Fitzwhylsonn, W., 31 

Fleming, Mrs., 31 

Fleming, Mr., 31 

Fletcher, Levi, 31 

Flinn, Rev. Dr.. 32 

Flursley, Master KetlaDd, 32 

Fonshee, Dr. I., 32 

Ford, Mr., 32 

Ford, Mrs., 32 

Ford, Mrs. C, 32 

Forney, Mr. (John Weiss), 32 

Forney, Mrs., 32 

Forrest, Edwin, 32 

Forrest, Rev. J., 32 

Fox, Mr. (Gilbert), 32- 

Franklin, 32 

Franklin, Benjamin, 33 

Franklin, Mr., 33 

Franklin, Mrs. Walter, 33 

Freland, Mr., 33 

Frelinghuysen, Mr., 33 

Frelinghuysen (Theodore), 33 

French, Mrs., 33 

Frieland, Mr., 33 

Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 
Frieland, Mrs.. 33 
Fry, Gross. 34 
Fry, Mr., 34 
Fry, Mrs., 34 
Fuller, Mrs., 34 
Furness, Mrs., 34 
Furness, Rev. (William Henry), 

Gales, Mr. (Joseph), 35 

Gallego, Mr., 35 

Gamble, Robert, 35 

Ganuet, Mr., 35 

Gardette, Mrs., 35 

Gaskill, Miss Jane, 35 

Gee, Miss Martha, 35 

George, Capt. Ed., 35 

George, Mrs. M., 35 

Getty, Mr., 35, 36 

Gibbon, Mr., 3G 

Gibbon, Lieut., 3G 

Gibbon, Mrs., 36 

Gibson, Dr. (William), 36 

Gibson, Mrs. Dr., 36 

Gibson, Mrs. James, 36 

Giger, Trof. (George) Musgrave, 

Gilespie, Mr.. 36 

Gill, Mrs., 36 

Gilliat, Alfred, 36 

Gilman, Rev. (Samuel), 37 

Gilmore, Robert, 37 

Gilmore, Mrs. Robert, 37 

Gilmore, Mrs. Wm., 37 

Girauldts, Mr.. 37 

Glene, Miss, 37 

Glenn, John. 37 

Glentworth, Dr., 37 

Godey, Charlotte, 37 

Godey, Louis, 3S 

Godey, Mrs. (Louis A.L 3S 

Gourdin (Theodore), Esq., 38 

Graham, Mrs., 38 

Gratiot, General (Charles), 3S 

Gratiot. Mrs. (Charles), 38 

Gratz, Miss, 3S 

Gratz, Mr. (Michael), 38 

Gratz, Benjamin, 39 

Gratz, Mrs. Benjamin, 39 

Gratz, Rebecca, 39 

Gray, Miss Martha, 39 

Gray, Mr., 39 

Green, Edmund. 39 

Green or Greene, Geu. (Na- 
thaniel), 39 

Green, John, 39 

Gre.-n, Mrs.. 39 

Green, William. 39 

Greinobaum. Mr., 40 



>ully, Thomas, portraits by : 
Greinobaum, Mrs., 40 
Grey, John, 40 
Griffin, Mr., 40 
Griffin, Mrs., 40 
Griffith, Mr. (Robert Eglesfeld), 

Griffith, Mrs., 40 
Griffiths, Dr. E., 40 
Grigs, Miss Emily. 40 
Grigg, Miss Fanny, 40 
Grigg, Miss Nanny, 40, 41 
Grlllet, Mad., 41 
Grimes, Chancellor, 41 
Groome, Lawyer (James Black), 

Grub, Mr., 41 
Grub, Mrs., 41 
Grundy, Mr., 41 
Guerard, Miss Sophia, 41 
Guerin, Monr., 41 
Gum (Gumbes), Mrs., 41 
Gwathoney, Mrs., 42 
Gwinn, Capt. (John), 42 
Gwyun, Mrs., 42 
Gwynn or Glynn, Wm., 42 

Hackley, Mrs., 42 

Hackley, Miss Fanny, 42 

Haldeman, Sarah, 42 

Haldiman, Miss, 42 

Hale, Mr. R. C., 42 

Hale, Mrs., 42 

Hall, Mrs. (William), 43 

Hamilton, Estelle, 43 

Hamilton, James, 43 

Hamilton, J., 43 

Hamilton, Mr., 43 

Hamilton, Mrs., 43 

Hamilton, William, 43 

Hammond, Mr., 43 

Handle or Handel .(George Fried- 

erich), 43 
Hare, Rinney, 44 
Hare, Master Horace (Binney), 

Hare, Charles (Willing), 44 
Hare, Prof. (Robert), 44 
Harper, Chancellor (William), 44 
Harper, Miss Emily, 44 
Harris, Mr., 44 
Harrison, Gen. (William Henry), 

Harrison, Mrs. (George), 45 
Harwood, John (Edmund), 45 
Haslam, Mrs., 45 
Hatch, Mr., 45 
Haven, Leslie, Emma & George, 

Haviland, Mrs., 45 

Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 
Haxall, Mrs., 45 
Haydn (Joseph), 45 
Hayne, Miss, 45 
Hayne, Mrs. Paul, 45 
Haynes, Macau lay, 45 
Haynes, Mrs., 45 
Hazelhurst, Mrs. Isaac, 4C 
Hazelhurst, Miss (Mary), 46 
Hazelhurst, Mr., 46 
Hazelhurst, Mrs., 40 
Hazelton. Mrs., 46 
Head. Joseph, 46 
Henderson, Mr., 46 
Hendree, Mrs. G., 46 
Hendy, Mrs., 46 
Henry, Mrs. (Bernard), 46 
Henry, Patrick, 46, 47 
Herring, Major, 47 
Hewit, Mrs., 47 
Hewson, Dr. (Thomas Tickell), 

Hewson, Mrs. Dr., 41 
Hewson, Mrs., 47 
Hewson, Mrs. (Thomas Tickell), 

Heyward, Mr. (Thomas, Jr.), 47 
Hindeman, 47 
Hindman, Miss Sarah, 47 
Hindmau, Mrs., 47 
Hiott, Mrs., 48 
Hislop, Mr., 48 
Hoban, Mrs., 48 
Ilodgkiu, Dr. (Thomas), 48 
Hodson, John, 4S 
Hoffman, George, 4S 
Hoffman, Master, 48 
Hoffman, Mrs., 48 
Hoffman, Mrs. David, 4S 
Hoffman, Mrs. George, 4S 
Hoffman, Peter, 4S 
Hoffman, Mrs. P., 48 
Hoffman, Mrs. Peter, 4S 
Hogg, Mr., 4S 
Holbrook, Mrs., 48 
Holiday, Mr., 49 
Holliday, Mrs., 49 
Hollingsworth, Miss Lydia, 49 
Hollingsworth, Mr. Sam., 49 
Holmes, John, 49 
Honqua, 49 
Hood. Mr., 49 
Horner, Dr. (William Edmonds), 

Hooper, Miss, 49 
Hopkins, Bishop (John Henrj). 

Hopkins. Mr., 49 
Hopkius, Mrs., 49 
Hopkinson, Frank, 49 



Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 

Hopkinson, Mrs. Frank, 49 
Hopkinson, Judge Joseph, 49, 50 
Hopkinson, Mrs. J., 50 
Hosac, Mrs. Dr., 50 
Hossac, Dr. (David), 50 
Houston, Lady, 50 
Howard, Col. (John Eager), 50 
Howard, Miss Juliet, 50 
Howard, Mrs. Benjamin (Chew), 

Howell, Col., 51 
Howell, Miss F., 51 
Howell, Miss Nanny, 51 
Howell, Mrs. B., 51 
Howell, Mrs., 51 
Hubble, Ferdinand (Wakeman), 

Hudson, Dr., 51 
Hudson, E., 51, 52 
Hudson, Mrs.. 52 
Hughes, Master Macy, 52 
Hughes, Meggy, 52 
Hughes, Mrs., 52 
Hughs, Mrs., 52 
Hundige, Mrs. E., 52 
Hunt, Mrs. S. W., 52 
Hunter (John), 52 
Hurley, Mr., 52 
Hurley, Rev., 52 
Hustick, Mrs., 52 
Hutchinson, Mrs. Pemberton, 52 

Ingersol or Ingersoll, Mrs. 

Charles, 53 
Ingersoll, Mrs. (Charles Jared), 

Ingersoll, Charles, Jr., 53 
Ingersoll, Mrs. Ed., 53 
Ingersoll, Mrs. Harry, 53 
Ingersoll, Miss Mary, 53 
Ingraham, Mrs. Ed., 54 
Ingraham, Mrs. Ed. (Duffield), 54 
Inman, (Henry), 54 
Inskeep, Mr. (John), 54 
Irving, Washington, 54 
Isrial, Mr., 54 
Israli, Mrs., 54 
Israel, Mrs., 54 
Ives, Mrs. Hope, 55 
Ives, Mrs. R., 55 
Izard, General, 55 
Izard, Mrs. Rosa, 55 

Jackson, Dr. S., 55 

Jackson, Dr., 55 

Jackson, Gen. Andrew, 55, 56, 

Jackson, Miss Mary, 56 
Jackson, John, 56 

Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 
Jackson, Miss, 56 
Jackson, Mrs., 56, 57 
Jackson, Mr., 57 
Jackson, Mr. P., 57 
Jackson, Washington, 57 
Jacobs, Mr. S., 57 
Jacobs, Mrs., 57 
Janey, Mrs., 57 
Janeway, Miss, 57 
Janeway, Mrs., 57 
Janeway, Rev. Dr. (Jacob Jones), 

57, 58 
Janey. Miss, 58 
Jaudon, Samuel, 58 
Jaudon, 58 

Jefferson, Thomas, 58, 59 
Jenks, Mr. (Joseph R.), 59 
Jennings, Mrs., 59 
Johnson, Mrs. Reverdy, 59 
Johnston, David, 59 
Johnston, Master (William S.>, 

Johnston, Mr., 59 
Johnston, Mr. (William Royal), 

Johnston, Mrs., 59 
Johnston, Robert, 59 
Johnston, Mrs. R., 59 
Jones, Capt. (Jacob), 60 
Jones, Mr., 60 
Jones, Mrs. David, 60 
Jones, Hon., 60 
Jones, Isaac, 60 
Jones, Mrs., 60 
Jones, W. W., 60 
Jordan. G. N., 60 
Jordan, Miss Mary, 60 
Joyne, Miss, 61 
Junkin, Mrs., 61 

Kane, John K.. 61 

Kane, Judge (John Kintzlng), 61 

Kane, Mrs. J. K., 61 

Keim, Miss, 61 

Kemble, Charles, 61 

Kemble, Miss Fanny (Frances 

Ann), 61, 62 
Kemble, Gouverneur, 62 
Kemble, John, 62 
Kennedy, Mrs J. P.. 63 
Keply or Keppele, Mrs. (Michael), 

Kerby, Peter, 63 
Kerr, Capt., 63 
Kerr, Mrs., 63 
Kersey. Jessp, 63 
Kid. Mrs., 63 
Kid, R., 63 
King, Charles (Bird). 63 



Sally, Thomas, portraits by : 

King. Mrs., 63 

Kingsbury, Major, 64 

Kingsbury, Mrs., 64 

Kingston, Miss Harriott, 64 

Kingston, Miss, 64 

Kingston, Steven, 64 

Kinzlng or Kintzing, Mrs. (Abra- 
ham), 64 

Kinzing or Kintzing, Mr. (Abra- 
ham), 64 

Kip, Bishop (William Ingraham), 

Kirkman, Miss, 65 

Kirkman, Mr., 65 

Kirkman, Mrs., 65 

KIttera, Mr. (Thomas), 65 

Klapp, Dr., 65 

Klapp, Mrs., 65 

Knease or Kneass, Mr. (William), 

Knease or Kneass, Mrs. (Strick- 
land), 65 

Knecht, Mr., 65 

Knecht, Mrs., 65 

Knoor, Mrs., 65 

Knox, General (Henry), 65 

Koch, Gerard, 66 

Koch, Mrs., 66 

Koecker, L., 66 

Koecker, Mrs., 66 

Koecker, Mrs. (Leonard R.), 66 

Krumbaugh or Krumbbaar, Mr., 

Krumbaugh or Krumbhaa»\ Mrs., 

Krumbaugh or Krumbhaar, Mr., 

Kuhl, Mr. (Henry), 66 

Kuhl, Mrs. (Henry), 66 

Kuhn, Elizabeth, 66 

Kuhn, Hartman, 66 

Kusenberg, Mr., 67 

Ku sen berg, Mrs., 67 

La Bruce, Mrs., 67 

La Comb, 67 

La Fayette, General (Gilbert 

Motier de), 67, 213 
Le Fevre, 6S 
Lamb, Thomas, 68 
Lambdin, Mr. (James Read), 68 
Lambert, Miss, 68 
La Motte, Mr., 68 
Lardner, Mrs. (Alexander), 68 
Latrobe, Mr. (John Hazlehnrst 

Boneval), 68 
Landman, Mrs., 68 
Lawrence, Dr. (John), 68 
Lawrence, Miss (Annie), 68 

Sully, Thomas, portraits by : 

Lawrence, Mrs., 68 

Lawrence, Sir T., 60 

Lea, Lieut. (Samuel Philips), 
U. S. N., 60 

Lea, Mrs., 69 

Lealand, Dr., 69 

Legare, Hugh (Swinton), 69 

Learning, Miss, 69 

Learning, Mr., 69 

Ledyard, Miss, 69 

Lee, Mrs., 69 

Lee, Rev., 09 

Lee, Mrs., 69 

Lee, Mrs. Josiah, 69 

Leeman or Learning, Mrs., 70 

Leiper, Miss, 70 

Le Roy, J. B., 70 

Le Roy, Mrs. J. B., 70 

Le Roy, Jane, 70 

Le Roy, Mrs., 70 

Leslie, Capt. (Thomas Jefferson), 

Leslie (Eliza), 70 

Leslie, Emma & Adelaide & Vir- 
ginia Cary, 71 

Leslie, Miss Adelaide & Emma, 71 

Leslie, Miss, 71 

Leslie, Mrs. (Thomas Jefferson), 

Leutze, Mrs., 71 

Levy, Miss Henrietta, 71 

Levy, Miss Martha, 71 

Levy, S., 71 

Levy, Mrs. Sansom, 72 

Levy, Mrs., 72 

Lewis, Corn. (William), 72 

Lewis, J., 72 

Lewis (John Delaware), 72 

Lewis, J. W., 72 

Lewis, Miss Ann, 72 

Lewis, Mrs. Mordecai, 72 

Lewis, Mr. J. R., 72 

Lewis, Mr. William (Davld\ 72 

Lewis, Mrs., 73 

Lewis, Mrs. Reeve, 73 

Lewis, Mrs. S., 73 

Lewis, Mrs. Samuel, 73 

Lewis, Mrs. (William David), 73 

Lewis, R., 73 

Lewis, Reeve, 73 

Lewis, Samuel, 73 

Lewis, Susannah, 73 

Lincoln (Abraham), 73. 74 

Lincoln, Tresldent & son, 74 

Lindsay, Mr. Robert M.. 74 

LIngen, Mrs. Dr. (Gcor?o>, 74 

Link, Miss. 74 

Lintlcum, Miss. 74 

Livcslcy, Mr, 74 



Sully, Thomas, portrait.-; by: 

Livingston (Peter van Brugh), 74 

Livingston, Miss, 74 

Livingston, Miss Angelica, 74 

Livingston, Mr. E., 74 

Livingston, Mrs. Montg., 74 

Lock wood, Mr., 75 

Logan, James, 75 

Lortou, Richard, 75 

Lowber, Mr. (John C), 75 

Lowber, Mrs., 75 

Lucas, Miss Eliza, 75 

Lucas, Mr., 75 

Lucas, Mrs. Fielding, 75 

Ludlow, Mary, 75 

Lugenbeat or Lugcnbeel, Dr. 

(James Washington), 75 
Lyman, General, 70 
Lyman, Miss, 76 
Lyman, Miss Susan, 76 
Lyons, Judge, 76 
Lyons, 76 

McAllister (John, Jr.), 76 

McAllister, Mrs. (John, Jr.), 76 

McCalaster, Miss, 76 

McCallaster, Miss, 76 

McCall, Miss Catherine, 76 

McCall, Mrs. (Archibald), 76 

McCall, Mrs., 76, 77 

McCall, Mrs. Peter, 77 

McCallester, Miss, 77 

McCallmont, Mr., 77 

McCandless, Mrs., 77 

McCauley, Mr., 77 

McCaw, Dr., 77 

McClerg, Walter, 77 

McClure, Mr. (William), 77 

McClure, Mr., 77 

McClure, Mrs., 77 

McConuell, Mrs., 7 T 

McCoy, Mr., 77 

McCrea, Master, 77 

McCrea, Mrs.. 77 

McDonald, Mrs., 77 

McDouough, Com. (Thomas), 78 

McDougai, Gn„ 78 

McDougal, Gordon, 7S 

McEuen, Misses Mary & Emily, 

McEuen, Mary, 78 
McEuen, Mr. Charles, 78 
McGrudor or Magruder, Mrs., 78 
Mcllvaine, B. B., 7S 
Mcllvaine, Mrs. B. R., 79 
Mcllvalne, Henry, 79 
Mcllvalne, Mrs. H.. 79 
Mcllvaine, Miss Ellen & Mary. 

Mcllvaine, Joseph, 79 

Sully. Thomas, portraits by : 
Mcllvaiue, 79 
McKeane or McKean, Mrs. 

(Thomas), 79 
MeKenzie, Mrs., 79 
McLain, Dr. (William), 80 
McLaughlin, Mr. Frank, SO 
Mclaughlin, Mrs. Sally, 80 
McLauthgalen, Mr.. SO 
McLauthgalen, Mrs.. SO 
McLean, Judge (John), 80 
McMieal, Mrs., SO 
McMurtrie, James, SO 
McMurtrie, Mrs. James, SO 
Macfarland, Mrs., SO 
Mackie, Mr., SO 
Mackie, Mrs., SO 

Macomb, General (Alexander), 81 
Madison. James, Si 
Madison. Mrs., 81 
Magruder, Ellen, SI 
Magruder, Ezekiah, 81 
Malcolm, Mr., 81 
Malcom, Rev. Mr. (Howard), 81 
Mallon, Mrs., 82 
ManJgault, Capt. (Gabriel Henry), 

Manigault, Mr. (Charles), 82 
MansGeld. Col. (Jared), 82 
Markoe, Mrs., S2 
Marshall, L. R., S2 
Mason, Hon. John (Young), S2 
Mason, Mr., 82 
Mason, Mrs., S3 
Mason, Mrs. Emma, S3 

Mason, Mrs. Johnan, 83 

Matthews, Mary, S3 

Matthews, Mrs., S3 

May, Judge, 83 

May. Mr., S3 

May. Mr. Saml., S3 

May, Mrs., S3 

May, Mrs. John, 83 

Mayer. C. F., 84 

Maywood, Mrs., 84 

Mead or Meade, Rev. Mr. (Wil- 
liam), 84 

Meade, Mrs. (Richard Worsaml,